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South Bend news-times. (South Bend, Ind.) 1913-1938, August 19, 1913, AFTERNOON Edition, Image 2

Image and text provided by Indiana State Library

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87055779/1913-08-19/ed-1/seq-2/

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r) In the Fhipps Psychi
atric Clinic, at uaitnaore,
the theory of Dr. Si;nund Frcml, the em
inent German scientist, that the dream is
of actual sisnificance, and that it may be
regarded as a symptom and so analyzed
for therapeutic purpose's, is being prac
tically worked out.
The I'hipps Psychiatric Clinic is prob
ably the most perfectly equipp?d institu
tion of its kind in the world. Its estab
lishment is due to the generosity of Mr.
Henry I'hipps, of Pittsburg, who, moved
by the dark picture of many institutions
for the care of persons suffering from
mental lesions, offered to Johns Hopkins
University the money to build and main
tain a clinic whose purpose should be the
development of science in relation to the
curable forms of disorders of the mind.
Therefore the Pbipps clinic was estab
lished, a luxurious place which looks like
a very beautiful private estate. The
observation room resembles an unusually
large and bandsome drawing room, but it
Is cone the less an observatory, for cun
ningly concealed by the mural decorations
are innumerable points of secret observa
tion from which the patients may be re
garded. There is a charming theatre, a
gymnasium, beautiful gardens, every sort
of provision for the pleasure and varied
life of the patient. Most interesting of
all the features of this wonderful institu
tion is the provision made for gathering
up rifi dreams of the patients. A very
comfortable chair is placed beside the bed
of each patient, because it is sometimes
necessary for a physician to spend the
night in it. It is the duty of this physi
cian immediately'on the awakening of the
patient to get from him the story of his
dreams of the night. Before fhe patient
has had a moment for forgetting, before
any of those singular obsessions which
may possess him in his waking hours have
been permitted to assert themselves, the
physician leans forward, pad and pencil
in hand, and asks in calm and friendly
fashion :
"What did you stream, old fellow?"
He must not weary should the dream
be rambling. He must not falter In the
recording of a single detail. Everything
.counts in dream analyses, and it is dream
aoal7rM which the modern scientists
hope to link with the psychic concatena
tion which must bo followed backward
from the starting point of the patholog
ical idea which possesses the patient to
the germ from which the idea sprang.
So the dream analyst sits beside the
bed of the patient and faithfully gathers
the fragments of the dream as oppor
tunity offers. Suppressed desires, unful
filled wishes, which are not even recog
nized consciously; aspirations, unac
knowledged passions, find their avenue
of expression. It i.s believed, through the
medium of dreams. That is why the
dreams of the patient are o important
In the nnalyeU of his condition. That
the repression of these hidden longings,
wLshes, desires, has contributed to the
disturbed condition of the patient is the
basis on which the analysis of the dream
Is conceived to be of primary significance.
"I must insist," says Dr. Treud, "that!
the dream actually has significance and:
that a scientific procedure in dream inter- i
pretation is possible. I have long Wm
iceupied with the solution of certain1
psychological structures in hysterical pho
bias, compulsive ideas nnd the like for
therapeutic purposes. Where it has bvn
possible to trace such a p.ith.dozie ida
Lick to t tie elements in the psychic lif of
the patient to which it owes its rijin this
ida has crumbled away and the patient
has been relieved of it. In the course of
the-se pycho-analy tical studies I happf.:d
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beard and eyes that instantly assure you
that affectation, dissimulation or any
other defence against their power to dis
cover all about you in short order is en
tirely useless. He is a combination of
tenseness and toleration and he is pro
found as well as keen. He assures you
with one glance that he knows all about
you ; then he assures you also with a
glance that it doesn't matter.
The dissection of dream stories is an
everyday part of the Meyer laboratory
work. Dr. Meyer and his assistants
analyze and test these stories and finally
add their findings to all of the other in
formation that they have beea able to
glean about the patient. The subcon
scious wish that is under the dream is one
of the things they are most anxious to
discover, although no thread of the dream
fabric is unobserved.
"What does the soose dream of?" says
is contained in that proverb. The conscious
the ancient proverb, and the answer is
The maize."
"I do not know of what animals dream,"
gays Dr. Freud, "but the whole theory
that the dream is the fulfilment of a wish
wish is not the germ of a dream, which
must have its root in a subconscious wish.
The conscious wish is only t-e motive of
a dream when it succeeds in arousin? a
similar wish in the subconsciousness."
Even more skill than that of Joseph is
needed for the analysis of the dream from
the standpoint of the modern scientist.
The theory does not rest upon manifest
dream content," according to Dr. Freud,
"but upon the thought content which is
found to lie behind the dream by the
process of interpretation." There are two
forces at work in the creation of a dream
wa v .f!f: j l t ii i l ii n i uiiiru i i
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The HecepUon Hall Might Be in tne Homai
cf.Some Wealthy Person.
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unken Gardsri3 of the New Oinic at Johns HcpVhs McitiL
in the dream of ajoy not jet four years
old who had bn sent s'lpperlffs to Led
because he had been naughty. Next moni
ing th b 'V related his dream, in v Licli
he had seca a uih on which was a large
piece of roast meat. Without being cut
into pieces the roast was suddenly eaten
in its entirety. The boy did cot see who
ate it. There is no doubt that it was he
who partook of the feast, but the dream
censor disfigures the dream by hiding from
him the identity of the diner, since he had
beonr forbidden to eat that evening.
The dream censor was also at work in
the cae of a woman patient who had
been very fond of a pmall son of her sis
ter's. The boy died and the aunt was
later terrified by a very vivid dream in
which the seemed to be attending the
funeral of her surviving nephew, the
brother of the dead boy. She had not
cared so much for the living boy as for
the one that died, and she was horrified
by the thought that her dream might
mean that she wished this remaining
nephew might die. When she told her
dream she admitted, on being questioned,
that her sister, with whom she had lived,
had interfered in a love affair which she
had had with a university professor,
whom it had been tacitly understood that
she would marry.
"Can I be wicked enough to wish that
my sister should be left childless?" the
d i earner asked the psychiatrist.
If the dream had been taken on its sur
face value this of course would have been
its intorpietation, but Dr. Freud believed
the interpretation to be entirely different.
He found out that the last occasion on
whi the young woman had seen tlin
profsor, with whom she was still deeply
in love, was the funeral of her nephew.
In her dream she had reproduced pre
cisely the conditions which prevailed at
this funeral, except that the eccnd
nephew was substituted for the first.
Unwilling to acknowledge oven to her
self her deep longing to see the professor,
her unfulfilled wish expresed itself ia
dreaming out an occasion on which she
would be sure to see him again, since,
as he was an old friend of the family,
it would be necessary for him to appear
at the funeral of the second nephew, as
he had at the first. To disguise her
. i wish, even to her subconscious self, she
fabric. One is the force of the unfulfilled' it and by questioning the dreamer trace peacefully for a long time, for his 'Ub.iia(j paCP( jts realization in a situation
liv.niii iu inio consciousness me luspirauou oi iuc uream 10 lu jse ex-: not to get up nau ueen gruiuieu oy lue . -which persons are supposed to be so
auu 10 realize nseit in tne cream. ine; penences ana emotions wnicn nave crys
other. force is the censor, for even in tallized into the subconscious wish,
dreams the human being is not entirely j As a very simple Illustration of the con
free to express himself. This censor hasinection of dreams with the subconscious
the effect of distorting the dream, invert- w-ish Dr. Freud gives the dream of a
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uivam. aiurdujr us ne nuu ui.ameu ue;fiy wiU sorroW that love IS not thought
was already in the hospital there was no of Tho fact that php llrcam)3 (j b
necessity for him to get up to go there.
present at her nephew's funeral without
, , , ; feeling any gru-f was no proof of her
the Russian newspaper censor who black . ,.f, , Tk . ,
ing it, thwarting it so that the dream is, young physician who disliked to get up in (pencils all the foreign journals which pass fc , A . , t e ,v ,
, . . .. . j . . . '. ,.,,,,11 'meant that this feature of the dream
not an obvious representation of the un- the morning. He was called by his land-; the frontier. Lven in childhood the dream- , A . . Ti
r .:,, , . , . , T, . . , . , , , , . j i wa of no importance in itself. It merely
cunning perversions it misrepresents the time that he was at the hospital. He im-l termined a suppressor of facts as the cen-
subconscious desire of the dreamer. There-1 mediately fell asleep asain and dreamed ; sor of the waking moments. One of the
fore the interpreter is needed to gather! that he was in the hospital occupying a
up the ragged ends of the dream, analyze bed. After having this dream h? slept
furnished the machinery for the fulfil
ment of her wish.
A very strange instance of dream trans-
nm;- rondili- understandable rates of in-
11, ,,. - .- i formation so that the dream fabric would
tcrvention bv tne dream censor occurred j
NEW DUKE
OF SUTHERLAND, ENGLAND'S LARGEST
LANDOWNER
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The Fourth Duke of Sutherland. The Dowager Duchess of SutherlantL
ITII the accession of the Mar-
of Stafford, 0vr;'o ("Jraiiville
ideas which came to them in connection, Sutherland Levcson-Oower, to the
with a giv. ii theme relited their dreams. ukrdoni of Sutherland, following the death
and thus taucht me that a dreum may be
.of the fourth duke, an cn.irmi.u? acreage o:
linked with the psvehic 'or.catenati n
which must be followed tackward into the I5ritUh l has fhacse-J owners. The Duke
memorv." f Sutherland is the largest landowner ia
Dr. IV-ud tell? of his experiences in th? tireat Iiritain, as well as the head of out
upon the dream interpretation. My pa- Y
tients after thev had informed ir.e of all quis
of the oldest families of the nobility.
analysis of dreams in his work "The Id
terpretatioa of Dreams." Tradition declares that the first Karl of
After the person who has been assigned Sutherland was one of the original Mor
to gather the dream fragments of the pa- maers, or prehistoric counts of S -otland,
tient at th,? l'hipp clinic has made a full although the title can be traced on!v from
record he hastens i t h i: to the office of the grant of Alexander II. of Scotland in
the clinic and submits it t the con: '.era- l-'M. Legend traces the title back to
tion of Dr. Adolph Meyer, tn head of the 10."i7, but William, historically known as
clinic, who is acknowledged to be one of the first earl, was given the title in V2?0
the greatest psychiatrists in America. Dr. for his services in suppressing an insur
Meyer, who is responsible f.T the introduc-. rection. An Fnglish barony was ecu
tion of dream analysis into the clinic, is a ferred on the Scotch earl in 1120 and he
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The New Duchess of Sutherland
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Trentham Hall, Staffs.
Stalford Hcuss.
of th title in 1T4G was made Earl Oower ruined it as., residence. Humord Housej Britain, the Sutherland family history i?
and Viscount Trrntham. The Farl cf b.r.s been sold ro iV Williotn i.rpr T!if -r!ivrit minv Tviro-iti rinir
Sutherland became the Duke cf Suther- seats of the Duke of Sutherland are Dun- The twelfth carl in 1M2 forfeit-d his lent duchf-s, who was Lady Lilecn the lover. Ite chiluren going on beroro
land in IS.;. robin Castle. ( o st e. Slither and: House title for susoected comnlicitr in th Earl liwiadys U u tier, tiauguier i i-f v-iu uir
m - - . . .. , ' 1 M.' A J V A L . 1.
Earl of Lanesboroiigh. is a dasiuicg, c:ever .o: ner imaginauon, conneciea com wna
accord in some degree with the conscious
code of the dreamer was tnat of a woman
who dreamed that she was present at a
i funeral procession in which the dead per
son was a man who very much resembled
her husband, an acquaintance in whom
she had no particular interest except that
she had noted this resemblance. The
hearse was preceded by groups cf little
children scattering flowers and followed
by the dreamer in the company of an ac
quaintance of her girlhood.
The scientific interpretation of this
dream was that the woman, unwilling
I to admit to herself her real wish, the
underlying motive for the dream, had per
verted it so that even to herself the truth
was not recognizable. Her subconscious
wish, which she had never acknowledged
jeven in her most secret thought, wa
'that she mirrht have children of her own.
jShe believed alo, without conscious ad
; mission, that she would have the hap
piness of bearing children were she to be
J married to some one else, and her imag
ination subconsciously selected for the
husband who should have been hers a
wanted the title for her foh. The son of L"-r "honl Lad rcJ,fcr w!J'n h"
the rl haJ al-o toe, iaviteJ to thc ry youcg Sjrl. sLe woU d hare
, ... i r.A v ti, been, both astoniihed and terrified if she
'poison banquet, and escaped by uie 1
, t ; tr, i.o nr. hd realized that it was her unfulfilled
cidentally detained. The guilty
The New Duke of Sutherland.
trator of th crime r.-;;s di--overed and -iL lu'""" Ui -"""i
sentencod to death for killing U.e earl, but S;IW possible realization cf thU
she forestalled the authorities and took wi.h. .Shrinking from tho visualization
her own life while in prison. of 'c r tws'-an J as dead even in her dreams
The mother cf the present duke, now fhe ubstituled for him a man who re
dowacr duchess, was Fanny St. Clair .'mbled him and in the same way
Erskine, daushter of the fourth Earl of substituted for her chihlhood's lover, her
RosIyn. She was married when -he was interest in whom Fhe was afraid and
seventeen years old. and is still one of the ashamed to admit to herself, the figure
most beautiful as well as the most active of a young man who meant nothing to
and vital women of England. The prcs- her but who had bec-a the associate of
Irenthara Hal . one of the scats cf the of IY.nzue. Tonzue. Sutherland: Lil'eshall. of HnntlvV; rebellion. Tt rfsrorpd
Duke of Sutherland, has been dismantled Newport Salop; Ilrook. Alberta, Canada, in l.'C". This unfortunate earl was after-land pretty woman and a great favorite iahe death of her present husbani and the
iail man with aa irritable little IUX. became Haron Gower ia 1703. The holder bebusa the neuhborhood lotteries havej Like most of the noble families of Great ward poisoced by his uncles widov, who society. presence at cr eiue cl her old iorcr.
i j I I

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