Newspaper Page Text
LARGEST SWORN CIRCULATION IN NORTHERN INDIANA.
AFTERNOON SO B I Till-: WEATIIITTt. INDIANA Thund- rrshowf r? thl? afternoon or tonight; c-I-t Sun flay fair ar.l somrwh.it cooler. M 11 NEWS-TIMES ID iL CL In) Edition READ THE 'WANTS' o AVERAGE DAILY NEWS-TIMES CIRCULATION FOR MAY WAS 16,398. LOWER MICHIGAN Thundershowers this afternoon and tonight; Sunday- utiscttb d. VOL. XXXI., NO. 185. SOUTH BEND, INDIANA, SATURDAY, JUNE 27, 1914. PRICE TWO CENTS M - ( f ) o o o v i 2,000 INSPECTORS ON TRAIL OF HIGH DODGERS OF TAX Treasury Department Deter mined to Enforce Penalties for Delinquent Returns n Income Levy. BANK PRESIDENT SEES GOOD BUSINESS OUTLOOK "Psychological" Depression Cannot Last When Crops Are Bountiful, Credit Conditions Sound and Money "Easy." ii y fiiiiSox Gardner. WASHINGTON. June Zl. With an eager desire to put some very import ant millionaire in jail for failure to pay an Income tax, the treasury de partment has set on the trail of the rich tax dodger more than 2.000 spe cial Inspectors who Intend to enforce all the provisions of the income tax law, including the percentage penal ties for delinquent, the tine?? and the jail sentence for those who wilfully attempt to cheat the treasury. There is $23,230,000 being held out of the treasury by tax dodders. At least this is the official estimate. It was expected that the new law would raise $54,000,000. Up to date the as urssments show revenue from this pourco of only $r.0,7."0,0OO. Also, moro startling is the fact that up to date only about 700. 000 people are in cluded in the list of income tax pay ers. It was estimated that at least l.fiOO.OOO persons would have to pay the tax. Only Few Cot Gig Ones. The returns again emphasize the f.iet that the bit; incomes are enjoyed by a very small per cent of the popu lation. According to the' table com piled by tho treasury experts there are 20 Incomes of $10,000,000 and over. 100 incomes of $1,000,000 to $10,- roo,noo. r.00 incomes of $500,000 to $1,000,- 000. 2.000 Incomes of $100,000 to $,"00, 000. 10.000 incomes of $50,000 to $100, 000. 21,000 incomes of $30,000 to SO, 000. 75.000-Incomes of $20,000 to SO, 000. 100000 Incomes of $10,000 to 20,000 200.000 incomes of $f,000 to 10,000. P. 000,000 incomes of $1,000 to 5,000 Not moro than a million of the last Item of five million people will come within the provisions of the tax law, o that tho total number of persons estimated to be r.ubject to the law Is approximately l,r00,000. About half havo paid. The treasury agents will ico after tho remaining half. Bright Outlook for lltiMncs. That a "psychological" business de pression cannot last is an economic axiom. Business is made up of the activities involved in furnishing peo ple, with what they need and want. Over and above this, there is an ele ment of speculation which deals with the problems of oversupply and short age in tho volume of things people need and want. It is only in specu lative matters that the psychological element figures. Consequently, tho nusiness which halts is speculative business and all really legitimate busi ness Is based on the necessities im posed by economic laws. Frank A. Yanderlip, president of the National City bank of New York, said in a public address last week: "If we could forget these factors and attempt to gua-e the business out look by only tho old time standards which used to be sufficient, we would pec looming large the product of a great agricultural yield, giving prom ise in some directions of bumper crops now almost assured, and at al most every point, of an exceptionally bountiful year. We would see easy money here and abroad, and although we might argue that money was easy because of a lack of profitable em ployment, still its present ease would promise that there would be no Inter ference with Increased activity on the pcore of interest rates. Credit Conditions Sound. "We would llnd sound credit condi tions, both in the position of the hanks and in the mercantile commun ity. Wo have been through a sober period and there is no general condi tion of over-extended ervdits to mennc the outlook for an enlarged volume of trade nor Is there any un due accumulation of stocks either in the hands of manufacturers or on the fhelvts of distributors. The mercan tile world hn been without specula tive enthusiasm to as great a decree as has been the financial world, and merx have manufactured only what they could fairly see a market for, and merchants have bought only what their customers' immediate needs de manded. Kxcept in a few direction? such as the iron and steel industry, lumber. T.fi In some textile lines, the demand has not slackened faster than the wheels of commerce and iruiustry ou!d h showed down, and there are no large undigested stocks to stand b t'.en new orders and quickening manufacture. "The industrial machine of the na tion, in short, miirht be likened to a great steam engine, running with a load much lighter than its capacity, and ready upon the turn of a valve that would let In mere steam, to re spond etncimtly to vastly greater re quirements. Unfortunately there N a large unemployment "f labor, but that means that if renewed business ac tivity were to come, it wojhi not be Impeded at the start by lack of work men." one KILLED IV WHICK. Zj N I ' N June 7 . Ope ).. m was kilbd outright and three mortally hurt r tlio wreck of a suburban train on he outskirts of tbs uty today. BULLETIN MISS BELLA WITMER STRUCK BY FIRE AUTO Miss Bella Witmer, 32 0 f?. Main St., was run down and seriously injured when a tire truck ran into her as she was crossing the street at Michi gan and Wayne sts. Saturday after noon at one o'clock. Lon Jorck, one of the firemen who was on the rear of the wagon was in jured slightly in the hand and bruised. Miss Witmer is a saleslady at Fra lick's millinery store on N. Main st. She was taken to Fpvvorth hospital where examination showed that her wounds were probably not fatal. Her face was bruised and scratched .and other bruises were found but a pre liminary examination failed to show any broken bones. The department was making a run to the rear of Slick's laundry where smoke from a motorcycle had caused passers-by to think the shed was ablaze. Miss Witmer dodged the first cart and backed into the one following, is the story learned from a witness. BUT HELPS CROPS Marshall County, Ind., Suffers From Small Cyclone Which Fills Streets With Debris. BOURBON', Ind., June 27. Prop erty damage today was estimated at more than $100,000 in this vicinity following a cyclone of small propor tions that killed one man and in jured a dozen others in Marshall coun- j ty late yesterday. The heaviest dam age was inflicted on tne growing crops which were leveled for several square miles. Every street in this town is blockaded by wreckage of fal'en trees and blown down buildings. A wind mill was picked up by the wind just outside of Bourbon and carried nearly half a mile. Conrad Ileplar, a farmer, was kill ed when his home was wrecked by the wind. S. O. Wrip.hr and Dale Beckncll, farmers, were In a serious condition today as the result of being caught in wrecked -buildings. BLOOMINGTON. Ind., June 27. David Biermann, aged seven years, son of Prof. E. H. Biermann, In structor In German at Indiana univer sity, may lose the power of speech as a result of being struck by light ning. He and his brother, Arndt. aped nine, and Stanley Bovver, aged 10, were struck by lightning late yes terday. David was knocked uncon scious and the other two boys were stunned. INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., June 27. Heavy rain storms in Indiana in creased the hone of farmers orrmrer- ably today. While lightning and w ind ) am great damage in some sections, and hail destroyed many acres of growing grain in other parts of the stale, the effect of the general storm late yesterday was beneficial. In many counties the first rain fall in two months was reported. Temperature today was generally lower over Indiana. STORM DOES A G Wealthy Widow and Man Police Claim She Killed With Flatiron 4 , .. --y y.-y---:.-.-v ;. . ': - :. y y K'; i - N yy-"'" ' x y .'. i- 'yyjl ;VvT-' "'NV ' ' yiyv :::-.yryy:V Jt -:v ' "y' "' ' 'j " . ''"' ' i '"' ' Mrs. Helen M. Angel, the wealthy widow of Stamford. Conn., outside whose apartment City Chamberlain Waldo R. Ballou was found dear! with his head crushed in, Is suffering a nervous collapse as the result of her arrest, accused with the crime,- and was released from jail pending trial. The police hao found an S-pound fiat iron with what others believe are lood sj uts on it and are trying to con iiLct thUwitU the crime. NEW FIRE STARTS: T G (EN SALEM liTO PAN G Three Alarms Rouse Refugees to Frenzy of Fear Death List Reaches Seven and Many Are Hurt. SALEM. Mass.. June 27. This fire stricken city was startled afresh when, within twenty-four hours after the greatest conflagration in the history of New England had been put under con trol, three alarms were sounded for a new tire during the night, which start ed on Derby wharf, in the ill-fated south secition where Thursday's big tire started. Intense excitement prevailed and great crowds of frenzied men .and women gathered as the warning lire whistles sounded the triple alarm. Militia men and police were taxed to the utmost to preserve order as the blaze of the new lire lit the skies. (Meanwhile the firemen battled suc cessfully with the flames. A hurry call was sent for two addi tional companies of tjie Ninth regi ment militia companies B and 1 of Boston which were both on the sceno early to day to reinforce the militia men already in Salem to guard against the looting and disorder growing out of the big lire. Scarlet Fever. To add to the discomfort of the refugees today was the menace of scarlet fever. Co v. Walsh, accom panied by physicians, investigated alarming reports of a scarlet fever out break and found cases in camps on alem common and high school hill. Seven are known to be dead and 100 or more are missmg. I here are many injured: The dead are: SAUAH FISKE, nurse, died of heart failure while beinr moved from Salem hospital. Infant child of Mary Ha&soll, charr cd body found in ruins. ' GEORGE LEE. body found In ruins. SAMUEL P. W I THEY, body found in ruins. MRS. SARAH ABBOTT, body found In ruins. Unidentified body found in the ruins. MRS. EDWARD M'GLONE, drop pod dead, at her home when it caught fire. v The property loss will reach $12.- 000,000. Ten Thousand Homeless. There are many families to be pro vided for and relief measures havo been promptly taken. There are 1. 000 families, meaning 10.000 Individ uals homeless and three-fourths of the business section has been wiped out. At a meeting in Salem city hall Fri day a single contribution of $25,000 was received from Henry C. Frick, the Pittsburgh and Beverly farms multi millionaire. Word was received that the Odd Fel lows of the United States had placed $10,000. The American Red Cross telegraph ed $5,000 from Washington. The United Shoe Machinery company, the Salvation Army and the Knights of Columbus are assisting In relieving the conditions which are really painful. Many Tents Set Up. Many tei:ts owned by the state mi litia already havo been set up and there will be a tent colony of 5,000 persons in the baseball park. Up to tonight $97,000 has been raised, largely in response to Governor Walsh s appeal. George Hallet, a (CONTINUED ON PAGE EIGHT) . 'A ' 7 : r.-: :-vv: :-:v;:i::;-: 1 rs -.:-V-y.'-- V 1 Detroit Has Strangest School in the World; Teaches Working Folks How To Spend More Money Ford Has 75 Teachers Show ing His Employes and Their Wives How to Live Better Must Quit Slums If They Get $5 a Day. BY OTTO MeFEKLKY. (Copyright, 1914.) Staff Special. DETROIT, Mich., June 27. It positively beats all what a million aire who will pay his men a minimum wage of $5 a day will do before he gets through! I don't think Ford is through yet. But one of the latest amazing things he has done is to establish a new kind of school. It's the strangest school in the world. This strange school has 75 teach ers. Ford's teachers teach Ford's em ployes how to spend more money and how to want more of life's good things! Tho work is mostly among the foreign workers. Millionaire Ford told us about this school and why he started it during the conference between him and Judge Neil, the crusader against child poverty. Workers to Live on .More. "We want all our people," Ford was saying, "to desire more and bet ter things, and demand a higher standard of life. They can't have a higher standard until they demand it." "The ideas that I have had to op pose everywhere," remarked Judge Neil, "are that working people should be taught to live on less. The employment agent of Sears, Roebuck & Co. told me that he went to Hull house in Chicago and asked the so cial workers there what amount is necessarv for a girl to live in Chicago. Those social workers told him that at that time no such knowledge was available as they had been striving to teach the girls to live on less." As these two men talked about teaching mothers and working people to demand more and to spend more money, I thought of the A. B. C. con ference at Niagara Falls, where Mex ican peonage is in the balance. "A man cannot be efficient," said Ford, "and do satisfactory work, if he does not come to the job every morning with health and happiness. No man can do his best work if he is worrying about an unpaid rent bill, or with a loan shark In pursuit of his wages. "We haven't an expert charity worker in the shop," Ford s.'.id. "But wo' have 75 supervisors who are un der orders to go out to teach our people to live better and to want more. These supervisors have all worked in our ofiice or shop. They have our ideas and are interested in their work as parts of the shop or ganization, which is a producing ma chine, turning out automobiles and better and happier people. "One of our supervisors can wash a boy's face better than any woman." MiLst Quit Slums. Eighty per cent have "come clean." This means that they are out of the slums, out of the dark rooms, out pf the starvation habit and on the read to a fuller and more complete life. Ford led the way for Neil and my self to the moving picture studio, which Ls an important feature of the Ford automobile plant, .and showed us the movie pictures he likes best. They show a Russian emigrant arriving in Detroit; locating in a slum house; getting a job in the Ford plant; final ly "coming clean," all in a year and never again to be satisfied with less than enough wages .for health and happiness and never again willing to live on the peon standard. Ford employes cannot get the $5 a day wage until they have "come clean," as the teachers in this strange school say in discussing their work. "Have you bought many famous palntingF." asked Neil, as the pictures of the transformation of the so-called "wop" were flashed on the canvas how an American citizen was created. "I wouldn't give ten cents for the greatest painting in the world," re plied Ford. "I would rather see live, well fed children playing around their homes, with their own mothers there." "Have you ever thought of estab lishing public libraries?" asked the children's judge. "I want to do what ' I can to es tablish a library table and a case of books in every home in this coun try." What a Bride Ijcanied. Neil and I ?pent the remainder of the day with one of the new school teachers. This instructor received from his principal, the name of a man who had ."applied for the $3 wage." They went to the home of this man. It was a five-room house two down and three up. The man who t anted $5 a day lived with his bride and they slept in the kitchen. In the other first floor room were two beds and four roomers occupied these. Each of the three rooms upstairs had a double bed and two men roomers .occupied each bed. Through the interpreter the bride was instructed by the Ford teacher as follows: . . Clear out the hoarders and ioom ers. Use kitchen for cooking and eating only. Buy a library tr.bl and book cas. chairs and rug for the first Poor front. Buy rug and a clothes-tree for front hall. Put her own bed in the front room upstairs. . Buy bureau and .dressing c?.se for the middle r-.om upstair.--. , Use second floor ba : room for storage. YUit to a Family. The next family visited had. "come clean." There was the husband, his young" wife and a baby. Three months before he had applied for the $5 a day. The Ford school teachers had found the family keeping four board ers in one nnm and the onlyothr room in the place was occupied by the man. the wife and the infant. ; Now there are no boarders. The (CONTINUED OS PAGE EIGHT) V..:":- ?L y -' - ..y C ;..-C-.i - ;i VU : , -y - W-5 1; Elmer Ribel, Ford school teacher, teaching bride and her husband how to spend money for better living. He is showing them his text hook, the first sociological text book ever published. It is tilled with photo graphs of interiors and exteriors of homes before and after "coming clean." Itibel goes into the home3 and teaches foreign women how to clean up the children the American way. He is the teacher whom Ford says can wash a child's fs.ee better than a woman can. CLARK RECEIVES 300 PETITIONS S Speaker Tells Delegation That "Votes for Women" Will Come as Inevitably As Rising of Sun of Tomorrow. WASHINGTON. June 27. With the statement that he expected to vote for woman suffrage when it is brought before the voters of Missouri, Speak er Champ Clark today received from a delegation of women suffragists 300 petitions from 3S states of the union asking congress to give the ballot to women. The delegation then left for the senate side to present similar pe titions to Vice Pres. Marshall. A numler or members of congress from western states crowded Into Speaker Clark's office and watched the presentation ceremonies. The suffrage delegation included Dr. Anna Howard Shaw, president of the Na tional Suffrage asseciatIon; Jane Ad dams of Chicago, Mrs. Desha Breck inridge of Kentucky, Mrs. Medll! Mc Cormkk, Mrs. Antoinette Bock and Mrs. Helen Gardner of Massachu setts. Speaker Clark told the delegation that for C.000 years men have been trying to run the world and that some claim they had made a bad mo of It. "I hope if you women ever run it," he said, "that you will improve con ditions. I think woman sutfrage is ns inevitable aa the rising of tomorrow's sun. If you continue in the way you axe going you probably will get suf frage in all of the states within a few years-and whenever the issue is pre sented to (Missouri I will vote for it." BELIEVE 200 DEAD IN SUMATRA QUAKE TiATAVIA. June ,27. Latest re ports received today report that at least 2C-0. persons perished in the earthquake in southern Sumatra yes terday. Twenty persons are known to havo been killed in the Benkulen district, the only region In the quake zone to which communicz.tion had been r stored ' today. Hundreds were injured, among, them ten Europeans. It. was the worst quake 'known in Sumatra in many years. .The city of Iienkutlen, which was partly de stroyed, is the seat of the British East India company in Sumatra. BANK CLEARINGS FOR. WEEK ARE $685,666.00 The hnk clearings In South Bend for the rast week amounted to $685.- GG. Daily clearings wer as follows: June 22 .5106,787 June 2S 147,736 June 2 1 7C.3S5 June 2.", 154.594 June 2' 102. S65 June 27 '. . . 100.037 CHICAGO. Domlnick PIjso, ago three, was perhaps fatally , injured when he jumped" in front of his littl sweetheart. Rosie Anton, tc ' prevent hr from being struck by a buggy. Tho Eirl wa-j oul slightly hurt. RAGE yrm S ED I STATE ROAD Gov. Ralston Names Commis sion to Work for Betterment of Indiana Highways Urges New Statute. INDIANAPOLIS. June 7. Gov. Ralston has just appointed a commis sion to study the problem of good roads in Indiana and report to the next legislature on its findings. The suggestion that such a com mission be appointed came from va rious organizations throughout tho state interested in the problem of good roads. On the commission the governor named Tnomas Taggart, W. H. O'Brien, Leonard B. Clore. Addison C. Harris and U. I,. Sackett, the latter of Purdue university. Clore was county agent of Iaporte county and is a member of the state board of agricul ture. Besides these men, the governor named an advisory eommittee to con fer with the commission from time to time in order to exchange ideas from all parts of the state with regard to betterment of roads. On this eom mittee every district in the state was represented, as follows: First district, Lewis Taylor, New burg; Second district, E. U. Cumminss. Bloominprton; Third district. Albert P. Fcnn, Tell City; Fourth district, I. Newt Brown. Franklin: Fifth, district, William F. Franklin, Danville'; Sixth district, Maurice Douglas. Flatrock; Seventh district. C. A. Kenyon. Indian apolis; Eighth districts John It. Keth erford. Muncie; Ninth "district, D. F. Maish, Frankfort and J. G. Short, Hillsboro; Tenth district. Mike Duffey, Fowler; Kleventh district; Oliver Kline, Huntington and William Jones. Fair mount: Twelfth district, George V. Kell, Fort Wayne; Thirteenth district, Aaron Jones, South Bend. "The time has come in Indiana when a highway commission should be ap pointed to take up the -study of proper arid economical buildinc and main tenance -of highways," the governor said. "Thousands upon thousands of dollars aro being expended by the peo ple of the state each year for this pur pose. -Of this amount, large sums are being wasted and the public roads are not what they should be. There is no good reaK-.n why Indiana should not be in a position to point with pride to a splendid system of public highways." PATEPmSON, N. J. A new anti noise crusade was started with the arrest of a motorman and conductor for driving a "Mat wheel" car. ilwi: Tin: m:ws-timi:s ac company YOF ON YOUR VACATION. Subscribers to Tho News-Times can have their paper follow them on their vacations by calling the circulation department of the pa per. Bell 2100, Home 1151. We recommend tho morning edition, as in most cases It will reach you the same day printed. Keep in touch with home affairs while en Joying your recreation. lit COMMITTEE VILLI EXPECTS EASY VICTORY AT AGUAS C AL I ENTES Rebel Leader Declares He Will Meet Little Resistance Until Quaretaro is Reached Where Huertaistas Will Concentrate MEDIATORS ANXIOUS ABOUT REBELS' STAND Failure to Get Reply From Car ranza Arouses Fear That Conferences of Chief's Men May Wot Materialize. rY JOHN V. KOIH'KTS. (Staff "or respondent. ) ZAF.TFS. June 2 bn. Villa, is mi his way to ,-:u'i (al;ent-s. fol lowing closely tr.e tro.'j.s whom h diypau-hed to that eity. whitior the remnant of Gen. Medina Barron's ftd- ral forces lb d after the rapture ef Zacateeas. Before having lure. Vi!!a said: "I think the next ral lighting will be at (Jueretaio. 1 anticipate little HMstance at A,;. as Calient rs, but ex pert the Huertista to (. om Titi ate at (Jucrctaro. We shall take that ami then the way to Mexico City will be clear." It is known th.it cowardice of the tnJeral oltieers was largely rr.-J'on-ibk; for Villa's victory here. Many tied the eity when thr heard that Villa had arrived in person to direct the aiiark. and the federal force was disorgan ized, s era; companies lighting with out any olticer to direct them. Kcoi uitN nx k to Villa. Recruits are Mocking to Villa s .stand ard from every part of central Mexico more rapidly than he can arm and equip them. So far as arms and am munition are concerned he has plenty, but he is short on clothing and hordes. The thousand men- let t hrnl arc- to s.erc"as- drill raiit? va" U lr.n Uhi nucleus of a new 'regiment to be or ganized. Tiiey have hern picked with that in view. Garrisoning of the city will be left to Gen. Matera. He will maintain a home guard of state troops. The street lighting in the battle here was terrible. So confident had been the federals that' the rebels could not gain entrance that they made no prep arations for battling in the stret is. So when the retreat from the hills began the rebels followed so closely that there was no time for the general, forces to throw up barricades. Hun dreds took refuge in the housrs and from the hou.-e tops, but the constitu tionalists, remembering the tfertic ness of the hand grenades in Gomez Palacio and Torreon. used them un sparingly and with rein ukable etfect in making openings in locked doois and. barricaded windows. Only Few I Ixeentbuis. There are many stories uMoat of the wholesale executions of men-and c hil dren captured, but I have been unable to prow them, though 1 tried. There have been a few executions of crimi nals caught in the act of looting, but no others. One of Villa's .Mist a ts wa.j to issue a warning that all looting of private dwell-no" or mob-station of persons, whet her natives or f off i-ro-rs, would be punished, by death.' .Some disreir.-irded the warning. They are i dead. by Lvrnr.Nci: tob. (Statf Corresponde-nr. MEDIATION HEADQUARTERS. Niagara Falls, ( int.. June :7. The .ir rival of constitutionalist agent (o dis cuss terms of peace in Mexico wan awaited with great interest here today. Anxiety which mat ked ye terday's failure to get word from the-Carran.a government, changed to deep di.-trust of the rebels' purpose today when Minister Naon of Argentine confes-vd that he had no message from Wash ington as to when and where the two Mexican factions would t. The .Argentine mediatjr, d t,rniiii'"l as he has b en from the outset to make the negotiations liT" a triumph of Pan-American diplomacy. a;p an d for o:a?- disturbed. He had tob! the newspaper men to wait for a piece of new j which mU'ht cr.mo late. Th lingered in the corridors of the Clif ton hotel until after midnight, and with thdn stayed Fred rick W. I-h-mann, of the American leb gation, eager foivword that was .thouzht to 1 onthe,way. - Lehrr.anr. wcf.t.back to the American .-ide disappointed. Envoy Favor Canada. If the oustitut'.or.alists make up their minds t"enduet peace negotia tions anywhere- outside at Mcxi j. th- South American envoys want them to agree to some Ctn-Iinn town for tho plue of the meeting. . The Americans ar- just as anxious, apparently, that the dL-cus-iori re held in the United States. B'lhalo is t.V choice of- Justice lamar. Niagara Falls, eith-r side of the river, has been rendered untimely on account of the, impression1" of compromise which tho cananza government believes its sap porters would get from th fact cf as sociation here. The medi.-'tors prefer Tronto or Ottawa. The Titlrr pl 'c today is thought likely to s Icted if the Americans give way. INDIANA FARMERS SEE INSIDE OF STEEL MILLS GARY, Ind.. June .'7. Sixteen hun dred northern Indiana farmers with the families and hired hands -re the guests today of the Fomrnerci.il club, and the United States Steel corpora tion. The .farmer.-, were escorted through the steel mills on s;e . 1 1 trains, taken for .ui automobile trip over"' the eity, and entertain., d by pt.-) concerts and .theatrical pert urma-ucc.