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LARGEST SWORN CIRCULATION IN NORTHERN INDIANA.
CTCRMnnM SOU V BENBM THE WEATHER LOWHR MirHIGAN' AND INDIANA. V.'armer and pcnrmlly f.iir tonight rind Wednesday. u Edition AVERAGE DAILY NEWS-TIMES CIRCULATION FOR JUNE WAS 15,993. READ THE 'WANTS' VUL..XXXL,, ITCL. TZ2l. SOUTH BEND, INDIANA, TUESDAY, AUGUST 4, 1914. PRICE TWO CENTS EWS-TIMES d) o) r M .ill km FRIENDSHIP ilTH ILL CQWTEMD1WG POWERS DECLARED Proclamation of European Neu trality Issued by President Recognizes Belligerents As Germany, Russia, France, Austria and Servia. FORBIDDEN ACTS ARE LISTED IN THE ORDER Citizens Must Not Aid or Hin der Any of the Contending Nations on Land or Sea Un der Heavy Penalties. WASHINGTON". Aup. 4. The United States proclaimed its neutral ity in the European war today. The proclamation was signed by .Pres. Wil Fon. It reads: Vlcrca.- a state, of war un happily exists Ixtwcvn Autria lliinsnry and Servia. and between Germany uiul Kuia. ami 1o tmvn Germany and ITaneo and ulirrt'as the I'dIunI States is on trnns or friendship ami amity with tiio contending ixmers, and with the persons inhabiting their several dominions and Vherea-s there are citizens of tlie I'liUcd States residing within the territories or domains of c ieh T the belligerents carrying 'on commerce, trade, or oilier busi ness r pursuits tlierein; and 'Whereas, thero are suhjects of each of tie said lR'lllserenLs rc siilinc: within the territory of jurisdiction of the Tnitetl Mates and carrying: commerce, trade or other hiisines, or imrpos1 tlierein, and Whereas, the laws and trades of the United State., without in terfering with the free expression of opinion and sympathy, or with the common i?l manufacture or .vale of arms or munitions of war, necrthelos imposo uion all iht mhis who may lx within their territory ami Jurisdiction the duty of an impartial neutrality during the existeneo of tlie contest, and Whereas it is the, duty of a neutral ovenuneut not to icrmit or suiTer the making; of its waters sulser lent to the purpose of war, now therefore, I, Woodrow Wilson, president of the United states of Amerleii, in order to proerve the neutrality of the United States, and of it citizens and of persons within its terri tory and jurisdiction, and to en force its laws and treaties, and In older that all person;', Mns warned of the general tenor of tlie laws and treaties of the United States in this beliaJf and the law of the nations, may thus be prevented from any violation do proclaim by certain provisions' of the net approved on the fourth day f March, A. I. VM)'J, com monly known as the ienal code of the United States, tliat the fol lowing acts are forbidden to bo done. under severe ienaltles, within tlie territory and jurisdic tion of the United States, to-wit: i Accepting and exercising: a commission to serve eitJier of the said belligerents by land or by sa against the other lel liferents. '"2 Knlistlng; or entering into the sort Ice of cither of tlie said le! liferents as a soldier, or as a marine, or seaman on board any ossol of war, letter of marque. Hiring or retaining an- otlier person to enlist or enter himself Tn tlie service of cither of the said belligerents as a soldier. jw a marin r sanian on loaid of any vessel of war, letter of manpie or privateer. t Hiring anotJier jcrson to ro levoiul the limits of jurisdic tion 'f the United States with in tent to 1k enlisted as foresaid. i Hiring anotlier person to po leyond the limits of the Unite! States with intent to Ik entered into scrvl-c as aforesaid. C Retaining; any ierson to C leyoml Uie UmitH of the United States with intent to be enlisted as aforesaid. 7 Retaining; another person to fro Ik'voiuI Uie limits of the United states with intent to be entered into service iis n forest id, tmt the said act is not to 1h construed to extend to a citizen or suljoct f either Ielll prent who, lielng; transiently within the Unlteti States shall on lartl f ui))' vessel of war. wbidi, at tlie time of its arrival within Uie United States us flt tctl ani cpiipicl as such vessel of war. cnlUt or enter hlntself or hire or n't;Un anther sutjcct or citizen of the same Inlllemit who is trnnsh-itly within the United Stats, to enlist or enter himself to serve such lcllicrcnt on tMird siK-h ves-el of w:r. If the United States shall then 1h at jie.uv with such In'Mlerent, S Ulttln out and ariidn or Atteii'ptln to liht out and arm CO st is u u d un iai;i; i: Fighting Grim and Bloody Battle! on the French Frontier VLlf II it if SL-i. li.ujlui. i. ... . s , nQr.' , " i L-'OTHE- DA D 8BT n Kron Prinzessin Cecelie With $10,600,000 Gold on Board Seeks American Port for Safety Had Merry' Chase. P. AR HARBOR, Maine, AufT. 4. Variously reported to have been cap tured by England's war vessels and to have arrived at the different for eign ports, the North German Lloyd liner Kron Prinzessin Cecilie, the S10, 600.000 will'o-tne-wlyp treasure ship, put into this port and anchored at 6 o'clock this morning. The liner's arrival caused gTeat excitement here. Hundreds of people gathered on the beach and an hour later when the captain came ashore several thousand people lined the beach. The Cecillie'a commander hurried to a telegraph otlice to get into com munication with the liner's otlicials. The captain aid he wanted to land his passengers at once Lf it was not contrary to the customs of immiirra- tion laws of this country at this time. He was anxious to pet In touch with government otlicials who could settle this point. The captain would make no state ment as to how far he had proceed ed on his voyage across the Atlantic before he turned back to the United states. lie would not state if he had sighted a foreign warship end had been chased Into port. Ordered in ily Company. The liner is at n.uchor a quarter of n mile oft shore. Only the captain's boat had come ashore up to S o'clock. Passengers could be seen on the liner's deck. The liner carried 37 5 first class passengers. Among the few passengers to land In Bar Harbor were Henry U. Pen ned and "Walter S. Hammond, both of Portland, Maine. "We were 900 miles off Plymouth last Friday night," said Mr. Pennell, who Is a Portland business man, "when a wireless came from the Ply mouth office of the steamship com pany for the captain to make the nearest American port at once. "Tlie captain was warned to use the greatest speed and to be on the look out at all times for English battle shin? "With $10,600,000 of gold on board you can imagine what excitement there was among; the passengers. It was 10 o'clock at night when we re ceived the wireless from Plymouth. The engines slotted down ,and we flowly turned arounI. anil started for the nearest American port. "It was foggy all the way over. Fvery light on the ship except the two green and red Mde lights were tvirned out and for four nights we steamed through rough seas, fog and darkness, wondering what American port we were going to land at. You can imagine what a thrilling voyage It was. Late last night wo arrived in Itar Harbor and anchored, I came off in one of the earlv boats but I CONTINUED ON PAGE FIVE.) WL m TREASURE SHIP li A SQUADRON OF UHLANS, THE FAMOUS CAVALRYMEN OF GERMANY. CLEARING HOUSES FOR ALL NATIONS PROPOSED Treasury Dept. Has Scheme in Mind to Care for Adjustment of Balances During War. WASHINGTON. Aug. 4. A plan to organize an international clearing house for the adjustment of balances between the nations in the war crisis is being considered by the administra tion in conjunction with the leading bankers of the United States, accord ing to announcement made by John Skelton Williams, comptroller of the currency. "The question of establishing a basis of international exchange is the burning question of the hour in this grave crisis," said Mr. Williams, "and the greatest minds in the linancial world are working on the problem. The man who can say what will be done must be a man with the con centrated wisdom of the ages." Comptroller Williams said that ap proximately $750,000,000- of Aldrich Vreeland emergency currency has been shipped to the sub-treasuries in New York. Boston, Philadelphia, Chicago and t. Eouis. Until the close of busi ness last nigh not one cent of this emergency cuii'ency has been issued hut it is imn ediately available to bankers. By unanimous vote the house today agreed to the conference report on the emergency currency, by which will make approximately $1,000,000,000 in asset currency available to the na tional banks of the country if there should he demand during the war crisis in Europe. The senate today also adopted the report without a dis senting vote. The compromise amendment agreed upon by the conferees authorizes the secretary of the treasury to issue cer tificates. French Aviator Bound by Oath To Give up Life CHICAGO. Aug. 4. "The fate of Rolland Garros, who mac a deliber ate sacrifice of his own life Sunday to destroy the German army dirigible and send its crew to death, confirms the most terrifying suspicions Ger many has ever dared to entertain con cerning the origin and purpose of the aerial corps of the Prench army." This was the assertion today of Capt. H. 11. Wild, veteran aviator and third licensed pilot in the United states. He knew Garros well. "lly Oarros' fa.t th kaiser now knows ju?t what the -fourth arm of Prance's military organization is." said Capt. Wild. '"It comprises a band of men bound by the strangest oath ever administered a soldier. As I re call it now. there are 15 of these men. each pledged to give his life just as Clarros did to avenge the ancient enemy of the tri-coior, Germany. "I lost a friend and a pal when Roland Garros gave up his life, but I expect to lose more friends in the pro fession before this war is over." RELIEF FOR TOURISTS ASKED BY PRESIDENT Wants Senate to Appropriate $2,500,000 to Bring Amer icans From War District. WASHINGTON. Aug. 4. Pres. Wil son sent a special message to congress asking an appropriation of $2,500,000 for the benetit of American citizens now in Europe. Congress will be asked by the pres ident to authorize Secy, of the Treas ury McAdoo to appoint fiscal agents to disburse this fund. Secy, of the Treasury McAdoo has asked A. C. Miller of the federal reserve board to work out the practical features of this plan. Ollicials from the war and navy departments are to be designated to cooperate with Dr. Miller. Dr. Miller, will be requested to get into touch with steamship companies to see how fast they can provide steamers. To provide gold, arrange ments will be made to send United kStates vessels to various European ports. The state department has cabled all diplomatic and consular of licers of the steps it has taken and re quested them to notify the depart ment wherever it is possible to relieve distress. These steps were decided upon at a conference at the white house between Pres. Wilson, Secy, of State Bryan, ecy. of the Treasury McAdoo, Coun sellor Eansing, of the state depart ment, Benjamin Strong, jr., of the Bankers' Trust company of New York, and Mr. Patterson of the American Kxpress company. W. W. Jeffries, traffic manager of the International .Mercantile Marine has an engagement to confer with Pres. Wilson today regarding the plan to transfer various liners to American registry. It also is proposed to trans fer a number of coastwise vessels to the Atlantic service for the relief of Americans in Europe. Plans now are being m.de for the designation of United Sta "" cruisers to send gold abroad. It . e-ipected one of the fast scout cr-:i.-. ,)f the Salem or Birmingham t. wj-' be se lected. FRANCE DENIES TAKING INITIATIVE IN' WAR PARIS, Aus. 4. The crises in the relations with Germany and France came to a climax on Monday when Paron Von Schoen presented Premier Vivi-ani with a note from Berlin jstatinp that in consequence of the alleged Uishts of French aviators over (Germany and IJelgium. Germany con siders herself at war with Prance. M. Vivi.ini denied that France had taken the initiative, and reminded Paron Von Schoen of Germany's ag gressive acts on the frontier. Ambas.iilor Von Schoen uTter pre senting the note returned to the em bassy and notitied the entire staff of the embassy, the German consulate and the Bavarian legation, to depart. As a reult of this action Premier Viviani who is also acting as foreign minister, requested the German gov ernment to hand M. Cambon, the French ambassador at Berlin, his passports. FIFTY ARE KILLED fli SEVEHTY-FIVE TAKEN PRISONERS Germans Invading French Ter ritory Repulsed North of Nancy, Troop Being Com pletely Annihilated. GIVET, France, Aug. 4. French troops are blowing up all German frontier stations. The Germans are wrecking French posts. nv niAXKLiN p. .ArrniRiciv. PARIS, Aug. 4. A squad of Ger man cavalry that invaded France earlv todav north of Nancy was com pletely annihilated, 50 being killed and 75 taken prisoners. The raiding force entered France with the purpose of destroying1 the telegraph and telephone lines. They had reached Chavaneties, a little town 15 miles from the border, when they were overtaken by a squadron of French cavalry sent in pursuit when their Invasion was reported. Seeking s-helter within the houses of the village they stood off the French troopers for an hoxir, but finally their ammunition gave out and thoso that were left alive had to sur render.. The commander of the German sol diers blew out his brains. Tv.'o German patrols, who crossed the border in the Keses mountains, destroyed numerous telephone boxes and cut the telegraph wires. They escaped to the border after their raid. A company of German troops crossed into France today near Mars Latour. Raiders Are Kepulsed. At Velleticot, the Germans have crossed the border three tidies, hut on each attempt to penetrate the coun try have been repulsed. Raiding the town of Lpuix. the Germans seized all food supplies and horses that they could tlnd. The In- habitants, left without food, have taken refuse in Uelfcrt. wonen and children being compelled to ywalk 16 miles in a heavy storm. All the farms about Taili, near Iiriey have been looted, the Germans killing and carrying away all the cattle and sheep. One hundred thousand German troops in three columns are advancing from Luxemburg to invade France. This Information was officially re ported to the war department today by aerial scouts who have bein operating: In German territory. One column is marchln? toward Ivonijwy, IS miles west by south from Luxemburg, the second toward Villa rupt, eight miles east southeast of Lonffwy, and the third toward Thien- oville Alsace-Lorraine, 16 miles north of Metz. RKHLTN". Aus. 4. Three more towns in Russian Poland were cap tured by German troops. They have advanced to the vicinity of Lublinitz. only 95 miles from Warsaw. LONDON, Aug. 4. Germany's declaration of war against Belgium in view of the British demands that Belgian neutrality be respected, forecasts a declaration of war by England against Germany, possibly before midnight. BRUSSELS, Aug. 4. The minister of war announced in the chamber of deputies today that Germany had invaded Belgium. It is reported in parliament that Germany has declared war on Belgium. "Long live independent Belgium," were the king's concluding words and he retired from addressing the parlia ment, earlier in the session, while ringing cheers sounded through the chamber together with the cry "Belgium will do her duty." ! Baron De Broquville, the man ultimatum and Belgium's reply. He declared that the government would not sacrifice the nation's honor, but would resist by every means in its power the German government and had so informed Germany. "The government," he said, "has replied that it will employ force. The word is, therefore "to arms." Upon this land of ours we shall not weaken. Even if we are con quered, we will never submit" This caused another enthusiastic celebration with cries of "long live Belgium." All the securities of the National Bank of Belgium were taken to Antwerp from here aboard a special train last night. BY HERBERT TEMPLE. LONDON, Aug. 4. England has sent an ultimatum to Germany demanding that she withdraw her troops from Bel gium by midnight and give assurance that she will respect the neutrality of the Belgians. Tense silence reigned as Premier Asquith arose to make his long expected statement and no sound was heard in the chamber as he made known the fact that an ultimatum ex piring at midnight had been sent to Germany. Continuing:, the premier said that Germany had assured Bel gium that they will compensate her for any damage she might suffer by the movement of troops across Belgian territory and then said: "The British government cannot regard that as in any way satisfactory. We must protect Belgian neutrality to prevent what means to her a question of life or death the advance of troops through Belgium." Premier Asquith then read a telegram sent to Sir Edward Grey from the German secretary through the German ambassador, which brought shouts of dsrision from the whole house. The telegrami gave assurances that Germany would not annex Belgian territory. BY FRANKLIN P. MERRICK. PARIS, Aug. 4. War between Germany and France has officially been declared. This announcement was made here. Baron von Schoen, the German ambassador, left here at midnight for Berlin. Myron T. Herrick, the American ambas sador, will represent Germany's interests while the war con tinues. United States Consul General Thackars will act for the German consul general. All Paris is wild with enthusiasm over the declaration of Sir Edward Grey, the British foreign secretary, that England will protect France in case a German fleet attacks her shores. All believe that within a few hours great Britain will be definitely allied with France. EXECUTE WAR PRESIDENT. PARIS, Aug. 4. The Germans have executed M. Samain, pres ident of the French war tociety, who lived in Metz, and imprisoned all members of the society. BY FREDERICK WERNER. BERLIN, Aug. 4. Germany is at war with France. This was officially announced today by Imperial Chancellor von Bethmann-Hollweg. Diplomatic relations between the two countries have been severed. The chancellor gave out this statement: "Germany considers that a state of war exists between Germany and France owing to the latter's encroachments on German territory." The chancellor asserteel that this was not a declaration of war against France, but no further action by Germany is necessary. It is the desire of the kaiser that France shall be the one to declare war. SAYS WAR HAS BEEN DECLARED. The special correspondent of the Daily News at Brussels telegraphs this afternoon: "I lrn rkffirinllv thf ministrv nt war that Germanv J declared war on Belgium this belli premier, then told of the Ger morning."