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THE" SOUTH BEND NEWS-TIMES SOUTH BEND NKWS-TXMKS THE NF.WS-TIMHS PRINTING COMPANY. 210 UVsf Cnl fax Avnue. Ictrrrd as second cls matter at t UV CAKKIi:!. la!iy and Sunday Jn advance, per Dail and Sunday by thr ve-k...l2c yar ... 55.00 Daily, mush; copy 2c Sunday, single copy 3c BY MAIL Pally and Sunday In advRH'-f. per year $1.00 DrJiy. in advance. pr year 13.00 If your name appears In th telephone directory you can telephone your nant "ad" to The Ne'v-Times o'Mcfc and a bill will be mailed after It Insertion. Horn phone 11 Si: Hell phone 2100. CONE. LORK.N'ZF. X & WOODMAN Foreign Advertising Representatives. 225 nfth Avenue, w York. Advertising Building, Chicago sorxii ju:i, Indiana, .ra:sT i. tju. ami:kh wns m:i:i nop wmuiy. There no reason for any Amer ican citizen be in;; afraid f.f American banks or worrying mcr hi- deposit. Th war in Kurope will not he p-r-mittrrl to affect their stability in the jIi;:htt decree. Tlie Rovernment of t Ii United States hax mafic it certain that the banks of America will not be hurt by the crisis in Europe. j). josit- in they banks are as safe as thy were before the Kuropf-an troubbs beg. in. Congress has -authorized the is.n! of JSOn.OOo.'tfo) jn currency to be ad der! to the circulating medium of the I'nitei States. This currency is now heing .ent out to the banks and will give them all the circulating medium they need without disturbing their loans. These precautions should Rive a feeling of confidence: to American bank depositors. The war in Kurope is a world mis fortune, but it will not be without its material benefits. Neutral countries, like the ditto. I States, will com mercially profit by it. The business of the nations embroiled in the war will be paralyzed, the industries ex cept those pertaining to army and navy equipment will be neglected, the United States and other neutral coun tries must bo depended upon to sup ply the necessaries of life. This means an enormous demand upon the resources of the United States. Foodstuffs, clothing and other necessaries of life must be manufac tured in immense qualities to supply the demand from Kuropo ami from other parts of the world which have heretofore depended upon Furope. If the war should be prolonged, as now seems probable, our foreign trade must reach proportions which will make present enormous export figures look small. It means a big demand for labor and raw material. The United States occupies the po sition of advantage commercially. It has entangling alliances with none of th Furopean powers. It is not in position to be called by either of them for aid. It can trade with either or all without prejudice. The AmVrlcan people should not worry. They havn . every reason for feeling safe and comfortable. jitva on sr.nw? TVill it be Jena or .Sedan for tho kaiser? In 1811 Napoleon and his army marched in triumph through the streets of Uerlin. In 1870 William I was crowned emperor of Germany in the city of Paris. Now the irrepressible ontliet be tween Gaul and Teuton L; resumed. Tradition and greed combine to keep the gall at the bottom of the cup. The seared sore in the breast of France is reopened. The humiliation of Jena still rankles In the heart of Germany. New conditions have arises, but the German and the Frenchman are un changed. The old Jealousies, the old hatreds and the old sense of wrong have survived the years of peace. The struggle will be to the death, with the odds of numbers and strategic posi tion against Germany. If the war was between Fiance and Germany alone the result, though de layed, could scarcely be in doubt. Germany would eventually overwhelm and smother France, but Germany is menaced from two anglts. perhaps three, on tire east by Russia, on the west by I-"Vance, and then there is Great Britain. The war, if nothing intervenes to Ftop it at once, and there is no power or Influence in sicht to do that, will be the bloodiest in history, not except ing the great civil war in the United .states. Invention has been busy with the engines and. munitions of war. In no direction has gt cater progress been made. Facilities for the destruction of hu man life and the demoralization of armies have attained a state of per fection which must make battles short, ."harp, decisive and fearful in slaughter. Prophecies of a long war cannot be credited. Compared with termer wars the present is likely to ! surprisingly short. The time will be counted by months rather than by ye.irs. Tin; roi:i:i;N itm ci tiai'n. i;Us in .South Bend, said to number 2."""0. have displaxed od ense and ioa!ty to their adopted lountry by iclarinn that they will not return to the fatherland to serve in the army against Austria and that th y have no d'. sire to o. Those of the;); who lif-cn naturalized realize that they aie now American citizens, not sa.ijots of th- kin of ;-Vri.i or other sjav rulers. From this action it should be by no means inferred that th- men have lost their love f.-r the land of their birth. They hae rot. but they have aurned a new alltgiame and new duties of citizenship. They are under no ohligation" to the p-tty ruler:; of the countries they time from. Such South Brr.d. Indiana he Postorlicr at Houth IVnii, Indiana obligations as they bad have been dis charged. Tfieir obligations now arc to the country which has i;iven them 1 an asylum from oppression and the opportunity to live bigger, broader and better lives. An American citizen, whether native born or naturalized, owes no duty to any other country than that whose Mag he bias adopted. His place is here, his interests are here, his lot is east with the great republic of the west. If an occasion ever arises for him to light for the defense of the land "f his adoption his patriotism will be as pure as though displayed for the land of his birth. As one Slav citizen said: "Why do we want to go back? If we expected to we never would have come. J-t them fight it out." The foreign born American citizen may have his sym pathy for his people in the old home country and concern for their welfare. The ties of kindred would prompt that. Hut national ties have been severed. He has had a new racial birth. He has been amalgamated in the new race, the American cosmopo lite. PATHOLOGIC ASPKCTS OF VAGRANCY. The acting superintendent of the New York municipal lodging house has made a study of about two thou sand vagrants. His examination shows that the immediate cause of vagrancy is not, in the great majority of in stances economic, but pathologic. The common impression is that r reat many of the vagrants of large cities are men whose advancing years have thrown them out of employment. It was found, on the contrary, that the majority of the men who applied to the New York municipal lodging "house were young indeed, in the very prime of life. Of the two thousand men ex amined five per cent were under 21, while only 6.S5 per cent were over 60. It is also generally assumed that the majority of the vagrants are for eigners. There is an idea, too, that a great many of the vagrants in large cities are not city-born, but have been attracted to the centers of population because of the ease with which an un earned livelihood may be obtained there. The report, however, contradicts all these a priori impressions. Of the two thousand men examined, only two per cent had been in this country less than tnree years, while only nine per cent had been in New York less than one year. The average time of resi dence in the metropolis proved to be thirty-two years and four months; as thirty-six was the average age of the men altogether, they had lived prac tically all of their lives in the city and the superintendent adds that "practically all of these two thousand were our own native sons." About ?,' per cent of the homeless men who seek the shelter of the mu nicipal lodging house are unemploy able. Twelve per cent of them show ed definite evidences of defective men tality. The intirm from age and those handicapped by the loss of a member represent about as many more. About 10 per cent are habitual loafers and confirmed beggars, who have lost the habit of work, ixty-tive per cent are willing and able to work but are ham pered partly by lack of skill and partly by the fact that they are vic tims of the seasonal trades which em ploy a great many men at certain times of the year and very few at others, leaving men without any defi nite occupation for months every year. Alcohol played an important role. About 50 per cent of these men proved to be excessive drinkers, a fact which is not nearly so significant as the ad mission of over TO per cent that in toxicating liuqors were the sole cause of their dependency and wretchedness. When out of work a u-reat many of the men become discouraged and de pressed and then are unable to rouse themselves to take up their labor again. The actual study of condi tions in New York emphasizes the ned for the physician's interest in social problems, says The Journal of the American Medical association. Va grancy among us is distinctly an American and not an Immigrant prob lem. It is our own people who need care to prevent the occurrence of social breakdowns that are a serious in their way for the individual and the community as physical break downs. This is the day of prevention rather than cure, and knowledge Is the best possible element in preven tion. Fndoubtedly social work in connection with dispensaries can do much to relieve this .condition and with the decrease of infectious disease social service becomes the physician's next duty. In t lie limited territory of the seat of var events axe likely to move so swiftly that the average movie will look like a freight train on an up grade. Two achts are racing, one from New Yrk .and one from Honolulu to be the first through the Panama ca- iiu.1. Joe Leitcr vi Chicago and Lucky H.iMwin'.s ' daughter are the contest anC. and uo don't rare which win?. j Imagine if you t an. the domestic ' relations in the royal palace? of Hu- rope, where eery woman is some oth- ; r ruler's si..t r. or cousin or his aunt, i Th fi'iit between the Monitor and Merrimac was dramatic, but that be tween a French aeroplane and a Cler- i man dirigihlp was spectacular. f course Mr. Carnegie's peace fund 1 wiH continue to draw interest and be ! strengthened for the reaction when ; nations will be wfarv of war. ! It almost dries the perspiration on a crossing cop to think that next sum- j mer, perhaps, he will be permitted to ! wear comfortable clothes. ! A common cause may stimulate J more unanimity in congress on meas-j ores pertaining to International rela tions. Austria marched Into .ervia. Then turned around and marched right out again. And there was a reason. Mr. Huerta, who jumped out of the frying pan has escaped the lire by being unable to et to Europe. Mobilization is not war. It. as the medicine men would say, is merely a symptom. Commercial report: Kggs are firm (hard boiled) and butter slightly stronger. Americans in Europe are singing "Home, Sweet Home" on empty stom achs. It may be interesting to some to watch the part money plays in war. People must talk, and there is noth ing to talk about but war. "Nobody knows how dry I am," said the corn. And Poland may again be made the go;U. Statesmen Real and Near. By Fred C. Kelly nv j'ri:d c. kklijY. WASHINGTON. Aug. 4. Sen. Kern made his wav up to the white house one morning at the time the Panama tolls thing was all the big talk. He spoke to the president of the fact that a lot of people were accus ing the democratic party of breaking its platform pledges. Then he went on and told the president a little story something In the nature of a parable. There used to be a Hebrew mer chant in Indianapolis who did not get along well with a neighboring store keeper. They shared the same alley back of their places of business and every time the Hebrew went back there the other man hurled abuse at him. The Hebrew used to confide his troubles to Kern and ask him what he ought to do. One day Kern dropped into the man's store and asked him how he was getting along with his neighbor. "Oh, it's something awful." says he. "I can't stand it much longer. I'm go ing to move. Why, only ihis morning I went out into the alley to empty a couple of old boxes and the fellow came along and called me a dirty Jew scrondrel." "What did you say to him?" in quired Kern. "Huh." snorted Kern's friend, "what could I sav? It was so, wasn't it?" Old Marc Smith, senator from Ari zona, sat in a Pullman smoking com partment one evening a while ago listening to a number of other travel ers discussing a certain piece of legis lation that had recently passed con gress, reeling that, Inasmuch as he had voted for the measure, he knew more about it than the others present. Smith got into the conversation, and without disclosing his identity de fended the action of congress. One pompous passenger, who had been doing a bit of drinking, rather re sented Smith's coming into the con versation. "Who in thunder are vou?" he ask ed. "Smith: Huh!" grunted the other passenger. contemptuously. "Mere generic name!" Victor Murdoek tells of an old chap out in Kansas, known as Uncle Jack, who had a dog. It was not a highly bred dog. hut it was a wonder at catching rats, and moreover Uncle Jack v.as fond of the dog personally, aside from its sterling qualities as a rat-killer. Uncle Jack had few other intimates, because of a disposition to rather savage in his conversation. He imagined that half the people he met were antagonistic toward him, and this made him not any too com panionable. So it was just as well that he had a warm friend In his dog. One night as he and the dog were passing a corner grocery where everybody loafed two or three by standers sought to make a hit with Uncle Jack by'Vomplimenting hlsdog. "That's certainly a fine little dog of Uncle Jack's." remarked one. "Yes, I don't suppose there's a bet ter rat dog anywhere," rejoined an other. Uncle Jack turned and glared at the bunch and hurled this: "Ye think he's just good for rats, eli? Well, I'll have ye know he's just as good on mice ye goldarn fools!" Sen. Grgnna of North Dakota lives in a town tailed Lakota. A while ago he was looking about Washington for a suitable apartment for the winter. Suddenly he stopped In front oi a place called The Mendota. and said: "I think this place will do." "Hut you haven't seen tho inside yet." suggested his wife. "No, but I like the name," said Gronna. "It has a homelike sound to it. Lakota, Mendota makes a nice little rhyme, you see. I want to live here." And there is where he now lives. Sen. Miles Poindexter told this one to four other senators the other day and they laughed as if perhaps the story is new. Iwist November the eadlng bon vivant of a certain town out in Washington proceeded Joyously and faithfully to go in on a larger .scale for strong drink than was for his own best interest. HI travels then took him to the headquarters of tho THE MELTING POT COME! TAKE POTLUCK WITH US. SIX MONTHS WITH POins AND IMIILOMH'IIFRS. There lies a ship at lier moorings out there on mirier stream. Her lino nMn the water are loc- ly like a dream. Ami like a dream -he'll slip away with the first dawning ulcam. For she's hound for Kio Grande witli the morniir tide Ayo she's !kuii1 for Rio Grande. and It's with lier I would be. And every rope almairi her is singing to !m free; Oh, good-by to 3 our sweetheart dear and goodby to your bride. If jnu're lxumd for Rio Grande with the moriim? tide! G. Fox Smith. A melancholy train of thought forced itself homo iifton my mind. The joys and sorrows of this world are so strikingly mingled! Our mirth ami grief arc brought so mournfully hi contact! Wo laugh when otliers weep, and others re joice when we arc sad! The light heart and thelicavy walk side hy side and go about together. liOiig fellow. ONE of our friends kindly hut firm ly protested against our constructive classification of Longfellow with phi losophers. We smiled indulgently at his lack of comprehension. Every poet must of necessity be a philoso pher, else he could not be a poet, and vice versa. The poet's philosophy is the philosophy of the heart and the emotions and the philosopher's poetry is found in the relation of his every thought to human interest. PHILOSOPHY supplies the sub stance to poetry, and poetry illum inates and humanizes philosophy. WHEN weary of the war news turn to the sporting page and find relief in triumphs of peace. ONLY three days after the Prince of Monaco had settled at the Azores for his summer vacation came the news that war has been declared. Weary as he was with wielding the croupier through a long and busy season the prince departed immediately for uMonte Carlo. This, it seems to us, is one of the post pathetic incidents of the war in Europe. How could the poor prince know while on that long Office Girls and Saleswomen Drift to Waitresses to Save Themselves from Starvation Stan. special. CHICAGO, Aug. 4. "Most of our girls become waitresses so as to get something to eat. The,v come from the small towns, work for a while in offices or big department stores and then, when they get hungry, they turn to work in restaurants." This startling indictment of wage conditions for women workers was given to the industrial relations com mission by Elizabeth Maloney, lor ten years the business agent of the wait resses' union. Urging a minimum wage law with a strong union to enforce all labor legislation, the leader of many strikes lifted the veil upon the picture of poverty which she "had found. Polish girls in hotels, working for a pittance and fed upon decayed food; waitresses who swallowed insults and are "lost" because of the desire to get tips; girls in great stores who are paid so little that hunger forces them to different lives. he followed Dudley Taylor, attor ney for the employers' association, be fore the commission. He admitted that he did not know a wage scale paid in any industry or the "details" of any working condition. Hut he was sure that labor unions are wreck ing the nation just as sure as was Miss Maloney that a strong union is needed to enforce any law in behalf of the worker. WHAT MISS MALONKY SAID. "We are entitled to a living wage and that doesn't mean just enough to eat and a place to sleep, but some of the comforts of life. "The law must place a minimum wage and we must have a uinoii to enforce the laws. Labor laws don't mean much when a single worker has to enforce them. It takes a union. county republican committee, where he sat and listened to the election re turns. All night long he heard the precinct figures counted off so many for Hank Hicks and so many for Hill Jones for this or that office. Then he started homeward, steering his course along a street that was rough, as it seemed to him. like a sea. As one great billow pushed him against the plate glass front of a restaurant, he glanced in atthe signs that gave the prices of various food dishes offered in that caravansary. He read: "Pork and apple auce, 25. Ham and eggs. 35." "Hurrah for ham and eggs!" shouted our hero, as he continued on his way. (Copyright. 1014. b- Fred C. Ktlly.) TWENTY YEARS AGO Reminders IVoni the Columns of The Dally Times. The first convention of the Priests' Ecclesiastic league in America was 1 held at Notre Dame. Many distin guished churchmen were present. Sam Pace ia on the sick list. W. D. Eastwood is in Cleveland on business. Mr. and Mrs. Myron Campbell drove to Valparaiso Saturday to remain over Sunday. This is Mr. Campbell's sec ond vacation in 14 years. , Tlt nearest IceIcy.port eer got to bavin' a municipal light plant is lightmtr bugs.'' Sfe5! SAYS return voyage some war treasurer would not seize his hard earned t t?as ure. WITH desiring to joke with a seri ous matter, isn't Germany Kjssian things a little? THE woman who scrubs the floor of our office has five children and a sick husband. The husband and the children take care of each other and the wife and mother does the rest. When they were married they took the usual obligation to love, honor and cherish in sickness, in health, etc., and the woman is making good. .She may not have understood just what she was promising at the time, but that well known womanly instinct in suggesting just what she should do under certain circumstances, and she is doing it. THAT'S the woman of it. "MY resemblance to my brother William is becoming so noticeable," writes T. A. D.. "that when I stop be fore a mirror I involuntarily exclaim, Hello Dili: " WK have In our midst a futurist philosopher who strangely interests us. Heading the sign on the baok of the seats in the open cars, 'Do not leave car while in motion.' he said, "How can you help it?" This seemed to awaken a thought in his rnnd. "The impression of a moving thing," said he, "is a false one. Nothing which appears to be moving really moves. The impression is caused by other things remaining stationeary. You have observed while sitting In a rail road train that you seemed to be moving when in fact you were sta tionary. That Is the idea I wish to convey. Nothing moves. All move ment is illusion." CAN you beat it? We confess this futurist philosopher created so much confusion in our mind that when we got home late the other night and the missus asked us where we had been we said we hadn't been anywhere. We had been right there all the time. Well, you should have seen the once over she gave us. Where now are the platitudes of peace, Abhorence of the cruelties of war. Our kingly champions 'did never cease To boast and lift their eyes to heaven's bar. C. N. F. Kvery step in advance we have made we got lirst by organization and then by legislation. "The courts do not help us. A Judge may tell us that we can picket, but when we do the police arrest and hold us. In our six months' strike we have had as high as loS under arrest at one time, with only two ever tried and those discharged. "But these girls were bruised, some beaten and all insulted by police who get a turkey at Chirstrr s or a free meal. "We want our sha- of what we earn. When we strike, we strike at the profits of the boss, for that is the only way to win. If industry needs us, let industry give us a chance to live." WHAT I)lI)Li:V TAYLOR SAID. "Workers should be allowed to or ganize but they should be made re sponsible. The only way to control them is to get control of their funds in times of strikes. "The courts do not give protection. Too many judges are timid when they think of the votes of labor unions .ind while I do not wish to use the word 'toady,' many judges are afraid. "We ought to have a judge who is named for life and who is away from the influence of the polls. A commis sion to regulate industrial disputes, composed entirely of lawyers, would probably work well. "When these waitresses struck they directed their attack on our patron age. They wore placards asking peo ple not to patronize these restaurants. "It is no picayune business the em ployers were in. Each place had cost from $5,000 to $0,000 and there was no way to get damages from these women who were trying to wreck them." i: ijj 4; sjc 3: WHAT THE PAPERS SAY . :Jc THE DELAYED DECISION. If the railroads were bluffing when they began laying off men last March, the interstate commerce commission didn't have to take the responsibility of demanding a showdown. Crop prospects called the bluff before the decision was ready, and crews which were turned off in early spring went back on the payroll before mid-summer. No matter how hard an effort is made to show poverty, it is more than human not to snatch at the first of ferings of prosperity. During the de lay of the commission's decision about the rate increase, business prospects kept getting better and better. It be came necessary for the roa-ds to ?et their rolling stock into condition for an enormous fall business. If the roads are not to get all they wanted they are shown how they can make savings which will give them as much additional revenue as would re sult from the 3 per cent increa.se. Be- j sides, it may fairly be doubted if they were in as poor situation as .they made out. A person said to be a mem ber of the commision, a month a.go pointed out that 7 1-2 per cent had been fixed by the commission aa a reasonable dividend, and that this v as reached or passed by a number of the principal roads under the old rates. A great many people out of sympa thy with the railroads were in favor of giving them the increase, and thought the interstate commerce com mission was blameworthy in not giv ing it to them months ago. It is pds- ible that these opinions will be re vised and that the commissioners v.'ill be regarded as men who have faith fully and even brilliantly performed a "great duty. Springfield (Ohio) News. "Charley proposed to me last night and I accepted him." "Whv, he proposed to me yester day." "Indeed? Well, he did it so prettily that I was sure he had rehearsed sev eral times." Mm mi? is 1 3 A Cool Ironing Dajrwith the "Comfort Twii;s: The G-E Fan and the G-K FUtiron arc ideal aids to domestic labor the year 'round. The iron does not hcit the air and the fan provides a pleasant, cooling- breeze. - j Electric Flatirons and Fans form a comfortable hot weather combination. Costs only 15 cents to iron a whole week's w&sh Costs only three or four cents to keep cool all day. We handle all styles of G-E Irons and Fans. Come in and select those which you think your wif will like best. Indiana & Michigan Electric Company 220-222 W. COLFAX AV. Bell Phone 462. Home Phone 5462. o o o o 0 0 o o 0 O 0 o o o o o o o o G O o o o 111 11 iger ID is brewed and bottled in one of the most up-to-date breweries and bottleries m the world. It's the Beer home. South Bend Brewing Association Servants to Lovers of Good Beer Both PhoiK OING away on that trip? Lock your stuff up in one of our Deposite boxes and be sure of its safety. $1 .50 per year. 3 E4 !T M NATIONAL. BANK 1 iisrxjjf THE LONG, HOT, WEARY DAY Is sur to have a pleasant and re freshing close for those who have awaiting them at home that luxury which only a properly appointed bath room can give. And modern Sanitary' Plumbing has placed them at the disposal of rich and poor alike. for few purses nowadays are go lim ited as not to be able to afford what was a few years ago an almost price less iuxury. If you desire to know all about the up-to-date bath and fcr what a moderate sum they can be installed, call up the Real Sani tary Plumbers, Thomas Williams 122 K. JcfTer-on. Home Bell 626, O 5 o o o o 0 o o 0 o O 0 -0 0 o o J o o o 0 o o ) 1 o 0 o 0 0 o o o o o 6 for Your A ft 11 V L CX 1 nuvJi v t y,rZ J