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LARGEST SWORN CIRCULATION IN NORTHERN INDIANA.
fl FTERNOON H u Edition READ THE 'WANTS' THE WEATHER Iwrr Michigan t"n settl'd Into tonight and on Thursday; jrobibly fhower; fomrwhnt cooler Thursday In north and wrst portions. Indiana ln.ttlf1 ln? tonight fir.iS on Thursday; probably local showers. rwr Rv iT.. H AVERAGE DAILY NEWS-TIMES CIRCULATION FOR JUNE WAS 15,993. VOL. XXXI., NO. 224. SOUTH BEND, INDIANA, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 5, 1914. PRICE TWO CENTS !1 en cLJa rr till f i EL SOU M5 i. ' ' 'm n LA Iff n r rp n im Ifl j) My REPORTED 0 I BETWEEN 1 5 BOSTON, Aug. 5. It is reported by wireless that a fight between a French and German cruiser is in progress off the Maine coast. A small cruiser is reported following the liner Lusitania in latitude 40.30, longitude 70.30, directly east of the island of Nantucket. The wireless is unable to distinguish the cruiser's nationality. WARSHIP CAPTURED. OTTAWA, Canada, Aug. 5. The German steamer Willhald is reported to have been captured early today by a British cruiser be tween New Fcundland and Cape Breton. PORTLAND, Me., Aug. 5. Heavy firing was heard early this morning about 30 miles off the coast of Maine. It was plainly heard in Bath. Fcg prevented observers from seeing what vessels were engaged, but it is thought to be between German and English warships. The sound of the firing seemed to come from a point about 30 miles from Portland. The shots were distinct at Bath. MAV YORK, Au-. r, Guarded by two IlnlWh cruicrs. the I-Issex and the Hcrvviek, the llrltish owned Om an! liner Iailtania is speeding today for i:nul.(iii with 200 pasencrs and S200.(M)i uoltl a hoard. Lurking some where iir tlK American coast are ilmr (iciman cruicrs, the Dresden, KarNruhe and the StravslMit-, and the probahility that a naval battle would he fought In close proximity to the Ann rii no oat for the MMs.-ion of the treat liner was known. Tlit- L.us;tauia. shortly afu r 1 a. m. tmlay pulled away from hvr berth and Mid out into the bay. With a pilot aboard she ran to Sandy Hook. The pilot was dropped there. Capt. Pat rick I.)ovd took the wheel. All lights wero . ordered extinguished and with the engines k'olng at full s-ieed tho J.u.dtania sht out to yea. Just off Sandy Hook she picked up the two Itritish cruisers and convoys, and the threo shipy started on the perilous :.(M'0 mile journey. In case of an at t at k by German cruiser", the plan was for the British warships to let t he Lusitania slip ahead and engage the Germans in battle. In eae the Germans were victori ous the Lusitania, depending on her .vpeed. Imped to outdistance pursuit, and make the journey alone. rm:i(;im:u iii-:li vi PORTLAND. Amr. Z. As a result reports of tiring off the Maine of oast. the freight steamer Glen bridirr. a British vessel, was ordered io remain in port. The British steam er ICasington left here Monday for Nova Scotia, and has not been re ported. am 11 ansa i xm givi:s NOTICK. 15'ToX, Aug. o. The British am- bassador at Washington has sent out word that two German warships are supposed to be off tl:e coast of Maine to intercept British shipping-. The warning was received by the British iee consul at Portland, j. B. Keating. SHIPS RUN GAUNTLET AND ARE SAFE IN PORT NT'AY YOKK. Aug. ;.. Making tho fastest trip in her history and with the vessel In darkness part of tho trip, tho liner Olympic reached port today. "For four nights." said Capt. Had dock, "we have been proceeding with no lights aboard save the necessary ship lights. Never have I found the ocean so queer. Hardly a vessel spoke, to another over its wireless. We sight- d the British cruiser Kssex off Hali fax, but she did not convey u to New York. YVe could have outdistanced jitiy hostile ship at the speed we were omtf." kvaih-is wAitsinrs. NIIW YOKK. Aug. o. Successfully running the gauntlet of hostile war ships supposed to be patrolling tho high sea between America and Burope. the- Bres. Iancoln of the Hamburg-American line arrived today at Hohoken. She sailed from Ham burg last Wednesday with S6o pas sengers. United States Offices To WASHINGTON, Ausr. 5. It was announced at the white house today that Pres. Wilson yesterday tendered the good offices of the U. S. in hope of restoring peace to Germany, Russia, Aus tria, Hungary, France and England. "As official head of one of the p lion, I fet'l it to lx n;y prUUee and in Uon, to Nay to you in tho spirit of mo wrliTme opportunity to art in the in r at any other time that may tx th s-re yu and all concerned in a way for gratitude and happine." ThN niie i a.-, transmitted t the American cmbnvdes abroad. .N'o 1 RIIISR MD RELIEF BILL PASSES Cruisers North Carolina and Tennessee Will Carry Gold and Provisions. WASHINGTON, Aug. u. Within two minutes after its receipt from the house the senate passed tlc joint resolution appropriating $2,500,000 lor the relief or Americans abroad. The resolution was then rushed to the white house for the president's &ipnature, which was altixed at once. The Tennessee will Bail from Now York tomorrow morning. The sailing of the North Carolina has not yet been determined. WASHINGTON, Aug. 3. By unani mous vote the house today passed a bill appropriating JL', 500,000 for the relief and transportation back home of stranded Americans now in the European war zone. Secy. McAdoo told the committee that it is intended to put the money on the armored cruiser Tennessee and send it abroad tomorrow. The same ship will take about $5,000,000 sup plied by the bankers of New York to take up letters of credit held by the j-tranded Americans in Europe. The North Carolina, armored cruis er, will bo sent to Kurope by the United States government with the armored cruiser Tennessee carrying the gold to the tourists. The object of sending two vessels to the various European ports is to distribute tho money more rapidly than would be possible with only one vessel making the rounds. K.uiiARSY is mowm:i. PAItlS. Aug. 5. The American em bassy, already crowded by Americans marooned here, was jammed to suffo cation this afternoon when it was stormed by destitue Germans, similar conditions prevailed at the American consulate. Tho staffs of Ambassador Herrick and Consul General Tackara are al most exhausted. Too many of the German members of Mr. Thackara's staff had to give money from their own pockets. WANT TO IlllVCH ntANCK. GENKVA. Aut,'. 5. American tour ists marooned in Switzerland today ap pealed to the American government for a special train to carry them to France and for transportation from there to the United States. Train service has been suspended. Many travelers are destitute. 1H)HT IS CLOSED. MA1ITINQUK. Aug. 5. Tho port has been ordered closed at night. Offers Good End War owers signatory to The Haue coin en- y duty under article 2 of that conven- st earnest friend-hip that I should tercet of EuroKan ieace, t-lther now ought more suitable, as an invasion to that would afford me lasting cauo o the arioiit governments through reply has jet been recelted from any U I HOUSE UNANIMOUSLY; KAISER OPENS JAILS FOR ALL BUT FELONS IIMIUJ.V, Aus. 5. Tho kaiser to day vardoncd all prisoner in (Icrmaii jaiN except those hold for felony, and ordered their immediate relw.se. The Mendelsohn bank and all other Insti tutions handling Russian bonds have IxtMi closed. All funds belonging to llussia were seized today. To feed the women and children whoso husbands and fathers have en list ed In the army, tho federal coun cil today appropriated $l,oOO,ooo. The kaiser's troops an using arm ored t ral its mid liave brought a num ber of Uie&o to the frontier to tw? used In tho attempt to capture Paris. BY BURTON I rnAZIFU. LONDON. Aug. 5. The govern ment's proclamation of a state of war betwreen England and Germany was read today from the steps of the royal exchange with picturesque cere monies. A huge crowd listened, for the most part. In silence. There is no showing of frenzied enthusiasm over the war here, as there is in the other European capitals. The people are taking the situation quietly, but their grim determination plainly shows in their actions. They did not want war, but now that they must engage in It, against their will, they mean to proceed about it with thor oughness. Although tho war clouds began to sweep over Europe only a little less than two weeks ago, England is ready for war. "Her hugeTleetlrcaCrp'to strike a terrific blow at the allied forces of Austria, and Germany, and her army, small as It Is, is in fine fighting condition. Every man is trained to the moment. The war office announced that the government has taken control of all the railroad lines and pave out a list of the names of ten railroad general managers who are to act as a com mittee to operate the roads during the war. The name of every preneral manager was included with the ex ception of that of Henry W. Thorn ton, of the Great Eastern. Thornton formerly was connected with the Kong Island railroad with offices in New York. The only explanation for his exclusion from the committee is that he is a naturalized citizen. All the papers here today Issued two special editions an hour. The war office sent out notice in structing all regulars and reservists to proceed immediately to their ap pointed posts without waiting for an official call. Germany Suffers Most in Bat tles Fought to Date on Soil of Belgium. BRUSSELS. Belgium, Aug. 5. German troops have lost heavily In today's fiphting with the Belgium forces. This was officially announced by the minister of war this afternoon. He gave out the following statement: "Invasion of Belgium territory con tinues. The Belgium troops syste matical methods have enabled them to gain an advantage over the Ger mans. The Belgians have displayed the utmost pluck and courage. Their losses are very trifling in comparison with that of the German troops." BULLETINS MARTIAL LAW AT ANTWERP. ANTWEPwP. Aug. 5. In conse quence of anti-German riots that broke out here today, martial law was declared. Attempts were made to burn German shops and kill their proprietors. EGYPT PROCLAIMS X EITRA LITY. ALEXANDRIA. Aug. 5. Egrypt has proclaimed her neutrality In the Eu ropean struggle. CANCELS ALL SAILINGS. BOSTON, Aug. 5. Agent John 1L L. Thomas of the International Mer cantile Marine lines received orders today to cancel all outward sailings from Boston until further notice. The Franconia is a Cunarder. TAKE AUTOS A XT) HOUSES. LONDON. Aug. 5. Autos and horses were commandeered today by the government for war purposes. This is the first time in history that automobiles have been seized for military purposes. ROUMAXIA IS XEUTEAU nrCIIAUEST, AiUT. .". The Rou manian government Unlay announced it- Intention of remaining neutral in the present var OM GRIM iO SILENT, HEARS IR DECLARED BELGIANS SUCCESSFUL IN STAYING INVASION ASOUITH 100,00 IS 010 TO Dispute Over Which Kingdom Declared War First is Tem porary Issue in London Kaiser Aggressor. EIGHT NATIONS WITH 17,000,000 INVOLVED German Ambassador Lichnow sky Prepares to Leave Lon don Accompanied by Staff Shows Sorrow Over Tangle. by ni:unr.itT ti:mpm:. LONDON, Aug. 5. Premier As quith formally announced this after noon that England was at war with Germany. JIe stated that the Hritish ambassador at Berlin received his passports at 7 o'clock last evening and that a state of war with Ger many had existed since 11 o'clock last night. The premier asked that parliament vote credit for $100,000,000. This will be used in paying the cost of mobilization, and preparations for actual warfare. The premier stated that the vote would be taken tomor row. The premier read a communication from the Belgian minister of foreign affairs stating that armed German forces had penetrated Belgian terri tory' in violation of her treaty. At the conclusion of the premier's state ment Reginald McKenna. the home secretary, introduced a bill to restrain the movements of undesirable aliens. It aims to prevent the operation of spies in British territory. The bill was immediately passed on the first read ing and read the second time after a statement by Secy. McKenna that within the last 4S hours 21 spies had been arrested in England chleliy at important naval centers. BV in-IKHCHT ti;mili:. LONDON, Aug. 5. The greatest of all wars has begun. England has al lied herself with France and Russia against Germany and Austria. Though slow to decide upon her course, Britain struck quickly when the decision was reached. Her ships have already at tacked those of Germany in the Med iterranean and are reported to have won victory. Her first home fleet now in the North sea will attempt to smash Germany's sea power forever if the kaiser's ships will give battle. Eight nations Germany, France, England, Russia, Austria, .Servia, Bel gium and Montenegro are engaged in this European armageddon. Their forces number 17, 000,-000 men. Four have great and powerful navies and the conflicts upon the sea will be as Important, perhaps more so. than those upon the land. Knvoy IeiKires to Leave Count Lichnowsky, the kaiser's en voy and his staff, prepared today to leave for Germany. Before going, the count paid a visit to the foreign office and said goodbye to Sir Edward Grey. A great friendship exists between the two statesmen, and the estrangement (CONTINUED ON PAGE 12) PAY COS! OF WAR 1 fflF Almost every merchant in the city has searched his store for articles on which he can reduce the price to $1.00 for tomorrow. Scattered through the advertising columns of today's paper are a few of the many values offered. If money ever talked it will voice its sentiments in megaphone tones tomorrow. Every man and every woman should take advantage of the great bargains offered. MIKADO HAS SEADOGS DOING PATROL DUTY TOKIO, Japan, Ausr. 5. The pres ence of German warslUps In Japanese waters resulted today in the Mikado establishing outixst and directing his soadoH to patrol duty on the ocean. Due to a difference of 12 hours be tween Iiondon and Tokio time, the news tliat Iiv;land and Germany were nt war was not received when the for eign ofiiee issued a statement express ing hope tliat "peace will be quickly restored and Japan be able to main tain a strict neutrality. Since Kngland has become involved the terms of the Japanese alliance will be atTectcd and Japan will take tho necessary measures to discharge her obligations under the treaty. I VIENNA. Aug. 5. Archduke Jo- seph Ferdinand, second cousin of the emperor, left today for the front to join the Austrian army that Is wait ing for a merger with the Germans before beglnnir-.g an attack on the Russians. Just before he left, the archduke and his wife appeared on the balcony of their palace and were cheered wildly by a huge crowd mass ed below. The archduke raised his hand for silence, and finally when he had se cured it he said to the multitude: "I depart for the battlefield in or der, if necessary to die for the father land. Still, I trust in God, who never has forsaken us." His words brought frenzied cheers from the crowd. The patriotism here grows more pronounced every day. The fact that Germany has Joined them in' their fight, and that Austria will now have a chance to strike not only at Servia but at their more powerful foe Russia has satisfied those -who are filled with battle lust. Business here is practically pralyz ed. Nearly every able-bodied citizen has gone to the front, or ha enrolled for armed duty. FRENCHMEN SET St Chant National Air and Shout "On to Berlin" on Leaving New York Harbor. NEW YORK, Aug. 5. To music of the Marsellaise and shouts of "on to Berlin," the French lLner La Lor raine sailed for France today carry ing 2,000 reservists who have gone to fight the kaiser. Previous to her departure Capt. Murras conferred with Capt. Had dock of the Olympic who had report ed sighting a German cruiser on his way from England. The Olympic ar rived safely and Capt. Murras decided that he could "take a chance." Wild scenes were enacted about the pier as the vessel awaited the signal that would send her away. Hundreds of women and children fought to get aboard and bid farewell to their loved ones. A few women fainted in tho rush. BELGLWS ARE VICTORIOUS. BRUSSELS, Aus. 5. The war m!n istrv announced a vletorv over the Germans attacking Lkge today. ARCHDUKE J0I1S AUSTRIAN TROOPS G MS US O Pay ID I LONDON, AUG. 5. THE EVENING STANDARD STATES ON THE HIGHEST AUTHORITY THAT A NAVAL BATTLE IS GOING ON IN THE NORTH SEA. IT ADDS THAT THE ENGAGEMENT IS REGARDED AS AN ACTION OF DECISIVE IMPORTANCE. "THE HIGH AUTHORITY" GIVEN BY THE STANDARD IS BELIEVED TO BE THE ADMIRALTY. LONDON, AUG. 5. THAT FIGHTING IN THE NORTH SEA WHERE GERMAN WAR VESSELS HAVE BEEN "BOTTLED UP" BY ENGLISH AND RUSSIAN FLEETS SINCE MONDAY, IS IN PROGRESS IS CON FIRMED, BUT THE EXTENT OF THE BATTLE, AND RE SULTS ARE UNKNOWN. SKIRMISHING ALONG THE CHANNEL HAS BEEN FREQUENT THROUGHOUT THE DAY. THE FRENCH NAVY IS TAKING PART IN THE PATROLING. SEVERAL MERCHANT SHIPS HAVE BEEN STOPPED FOR VIOLATING THE RULES OF WAR. The German merchant steamer Dryand was seized at her dock at Manchester this afternoon and seventeen mem bers of her crew, belonging to the German navy were de tained. A French gunboat capturec! a German steamer anchored in the roadstead and towed her to the port at the Island of Guernsey. Several foreign steamers have been held up at Hull by the port authorities. An order was issued that any steamer entering the harbor and failing to conform with the war regulations would be fired on. MARGARET, Eng., Aug. 5. A tremendous cannonad ing was heard far out at sea today, indicating that a great battle was on in the North sea. The sound of heavy gun fire drew all the residents of the city to the shore, but nothing .could be seen there of any ships in action. LONDON, Aug. 5. The Asquith has received a report . . have been sunk or captured by the British neet in tne ionn sea and that another escaped. BRITISH SHIP SUNK. LONDON, Aug. 5. The admiralty confirms the reported sink ing of a British ship employed laying mines, by the Germans. The destroyer Pathfinder was pursued by German cruisers in the North sea, and narrowly escaped capture. RUSSIAN CAVALRY CAPTURED. ROTTERDAM, Aug. 5 All the soldiers in a Russian cavalry patrol were captured in a sharp fight with German troops at Lcg waethen, east Prussia, today, according to a dispatch to the Star from Berlin. CONTINUAL FIRING HEARD. DOVER, Eng., Aug. 5. A British warship this afternoon cap tured the steamer Franchorn and the four master Perkeo in the channel. Every incoming ship reports continual firing in the channel RUSSIAN AVIATOR KILLED. VIENNA, Aug. 5. M. Sikorsky, the famous Russian aviator, was killed today by German sharpshooters when he attempted to scout over the kaiser's troops north of Lemberg on the Russo-Ger-man frontier, according to a dispatch received by the Neueue Frei presse. Two officers who were accompanying Sikorsky and making maps of the country were also killed. The machine was sighted by the German soldiers shortly after dawn. It was then well over German territory. When the alarm was given guns, which had been brought from Berlin to prevent an attack by Russian aviators, opened fire. The third shot struck the aerolpane and wrecked it, kiling its three occupants. This is the first aviation casualty recorded in the fighting between Germany and Russia. BOMBARDMENT AT NAMUR. BRUSSELS, Aug. 5. German artillery is bombarding Namur at the junction of the Meuse and Sambre rivers, 3 miles southeast of Brussels. Namur is a city of 35,000 and is strongly fortified. This report indicates that the German invaders are turning southward and heading for the French frontier. MARGATE, England, Aug. 5. Four battleships moving in bat tle formation were sighted steaming toward the English channel at 1 :3o o'clock this afternoon. nrnp b GEifi y Central News says Premier that two German battleships . i ... l n .1 XT . V