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LARGEST SWORN CIRCULATION IN NORTHERN INDIANA.
ft FTERNOON m rr " u Edition READ THE 'WANTS' THE WEATHER Indiana: Kair tonltrht and Saturday. Low or Michir.in: Fair tonlRht !inl Saturday; slightly CMoUr tonight In extreme west portion. M AVERAGE DAILY NEWS-TIMES CIRCULATION FOR JULY WAS 15,863. VOL. XXXI., NO. 233. SOUTH BEND, INDIANA, FRIDAY, AUGUST 14, 1914. PRICE TWO CENTS ."V m m Lzi B WTti NEWS-TIME S 0)5 f rap WO iM & LrdU SjuUl r UP m TO f o o BELGIAN GAP1TAL HEARS RATTLE OE IMBPOiGER Battle of Diest Fought Only 35 Mites Away Germans Possess Fortress With Heavy Losses. MAINE ARMY TAKEN NO PORT IN ENGAGEMENTS Only Cavalry, Light Artillery and Few Infantrymen Fight Line Two Miles Long Food is Scarce. BRUSSELS, Aug. 14. Three German aeroplanes were shat tered by Belgian sharpshooters as they Hew over Diest today, ac cording to an official statement is sued by the war office. Two of the aviators were killed and one seriously hurt. The German aerial squadron became very active in the opera tions in Brabant province today, several scouting" airships being sighted in the vicinity of Louvain and Haelen. The Belgian war office admitted this afternoon that the German army has advanced as far as Winghe, which is only lo miles east of Louvain on the road from Diest and that there is a likelihood that a big battle will be fought there. Winghe is onlv 26 miles east of Brussels. This admission by the war of fice caused so much anxiety in this citv that the military authorities issued a reassuring statement say- in ir: "There is no need for fear, since the Belgian forces gathered in the neighborhood of Louvain are capable of repulsing any Ger man force likely to engage them." The statement added that the reason that detached bodies of Germans continue to harrass vil lages is because they are unable i.i .set past the allied troops who surround them. Skirmishes were reported at a number of villages from 40 to 50 miles from the capital. UY r.l'.IlN AUD IVKLLANCOUUT. nill.VSF.I-S. Aug. 14. Heavy fight ing Ictwi'L'U Belgians and the German army that in advancing toward Ant werp U going on almost within sound of tho Belgian capital. Couriers irutn the front brought "word today that tho forces uro en ritfd near DU'fct, which is only 35 miles .southeast of Antwerp. Although worn out ly three days of constant ilghtin:;, forced marches and lack of food, tho o!diers of the army of invasion c : e reported to ho dnw- mg splendid heroism. (J erinans are in possession of tho ancient fortress at Dust and several other nearby de-li'i.-i'.e ucriwb, which fell into their hand when the German cavalry pushed back tho lielgians. IUouack on I'icld. r.oth armies bivouacked upon the :.eld of tattle, sleeping upon their arms so as to Lo ready for a renowal of the conilict at dwn. According to the IJelgian war oflico tho Uelgians have hod all the advant age in tho flshting around Tirlemont. Hnsselt, Diest, St. Troinl. Louvain and Zeelheim northwest of Lies' e. Despite these claims the fact is obvious that tho advancing host, which, in its entire is said to mini L r 230,000, haj been able to make its way forward asainst the opposi tion of the Belgians und their allies. Thee 2 50,000 men make up nearly tho whole of the rUht wing of the grand German army which lies in Ik'Uium. Luxemburg and Lorraine. .Main Anuy Not llngugctL Fo f..r lri the f.htin? tho main force of tho Herman army has not been encased, aeeordin to tho best information obtainable here today. Only cavalry, li'ht artillery and a few Infantryman upon tho extreme north ern end of tho German army has leen in contact with the allies. Various dispatches from the theater of action nhow that tho German army north or the Meus is Ftretched out in two lines leading southward from Diest. Ono lln extends in a south easterly direction through Vervler; th other extends in a southwesterly direction toward Namur. The advanoM troops of the Ger mans are eurferir.t? from lack of pro- vislors. After th nhtln' at IMest and Ilaftlen on Thursday scores of German cavalry hor? wro found without a wound upon their bodies. GRECIAN QUEEN TURNS DOWN MESSENGER JOB OFFERED BY WILHELM Declines to I$u Ilcarer of Letter IYoia German Kaiser to Her Husband, King Constantino. It()Ml Aug. If. Queen Soplda or Cirect'O, u anivetl from Venice ys tcnhiy und Hailed from lirindLsi for I 'a tern .4, refused, to Th the lxsirvT of a letter from her brother, the (Herman kaiser, to ler husband, King Constan tine. It Is rojortol from Hoiunanla tliat although King Cluirlr Is a member of tho Ilohenzollem family, he lia.s de clared definitely against tho triple al ILunce. Tills Is regarded ns especial ly lmixrtant In yIcyv of the fact Unit the Bulgaria, Mbraiije lias voted pro-i-ion for nn eventual tie la rut ion of war and for mobilization eipeuses. It is feared tliat Jhdaria lias a secret alliance with Turkey which Is known to hae an understanding with Ger many. NDINUN 10 GET MEXICO GIT! JOB John E. Lamb of Terre Haute May Be Minister if Carranza is Recognized Cabajal is at Vera Cruz. WASHINGTON'. Aug. 14. John E. Lamb of Terro Haute, Ind., will be named American ambassador to Mexico by tho president if recognition Is given to tho Carranza government, it was said at the -white house today. WASHINGTON. Auff. 14. The ar rival of Francis Carbajal, provisional president, at Vera Cruz from iMexico City was reported today by Gen. Fun Kton. The war department has made iio arrangements for takinff oaro of Pres. Carbajal. riTNSTON TAIOS NO CILNCF-S. VEKA CRUZ, Mexico, Auff. 14. Francisco Carbajal, who succeeded Gen. Iluerta as president of Mexico. Is under the protection of the United States today. A strong guard sur rounds the hotel Dilitfencia where Carbajal tooK up his headquarters last niht on his arrival from the cap ital, and it will he kept there until he sails for the United fc'tates. There havo been no demonstrations asainst the fugitive provisional president, but Gen. Funston will take no chances of un attempt helnff made on his life. enor Carbajal said today that he was very Klad to pet away from the capital. He presented no resignation, congress and the supremo court hav ing dissolved. "I do not know what is going to (CONTINUED ON PAGE 12) They had dropped from starvation and over exertion. Soldiers Nearly Stan-cel. German prisoners, who were taken Into Louvain were so weak they could hardly stand. "How can wo fljrht without food?" they cried. "Somo of us have not eaten for 3 6 hours. Our horses die under us for lack of forage." When food was placed before them they tore it ravenousl3r with their hands and ate like hungry dops. Al though no official estimates of the dead in the fighting between Kghezee and Diest have been made by the Bel gian war office at the time this dis patch we- written, it can be said that the cast utles were heavy. At some points the brunt of the fighting fell upon Belgian militia forces, the mem brrs of which until a fortnight ao, were staid business men or peaceful workmen In factories. Belgian ra cers say that tho courar.e of these lighters cannot be praised too hirhly. Tho Germans drew up at Hasselt, about 40 miles north of Idege. From that point they marched northwest ward along thw roads leading through Hreck La Ville. They encountered detached bodies of Telpians who fled hecau of tho overwhelming number of Germans. When about a mile from Tiet the invaders threw a barricade across the roadway and It was around (CO NTI NIT nr 0? PAOK EIGHT) New York East Side Starving Because of Food Price Graft NI'AV YORK, Aug. 14. A largo portion of New York's east side to day is on the verge of starvation. The b!g increase in food prices in the past ten iliiys has placed even tho common est foods out of the reach of the poor population there and unless some re lief comes to them soon many will die of starvation. Jo-ph Hartigan, commissioner of weights and measures, who made an investigation of conditions in the big tenement house district, naid condi tions there were pitiful. Not only tho men but even the women and child ren, because of the hUh prices of food are trying to act alons? with one meal a day and even those meals con- flut of food that is of tho cheapest kind. Tho price of bread remains the pam, but the loaves are smaller, some of those being sold today being but little more than half the size of the loaves of last week. Many dealers have boosted the price i IT ISWAH ISHOT BY PEOPLE So Says German Prisoner When Asked Why Fighting Morale of Invaders Has Been So Poor Many Are Taken. OFFICIAL FRANCE PAYS TRIBUTE TO BELGIANS Denies Advance of German Troops and Declares French men Sthill Have Foothold in Alsace-Lorraine. PARIS, Aug. 15. The French government today demanded an explanation from Turkey of the fact that the German cruisers Goeben and Breslau have been al lowed to remain in the Dardanel les. This action was taken after an authoritative dispatch was re ceived from Constantinople stat ing that the crews were still aboard the vessels despite the statement of the Ottoman govern ment that they had disembarked. The Austrian steamer Baron Gautsch was blown up by a mine near the island of Lussin in the Adriatic today, according to a dis patch from Trieste. Twenty mem bers of her'crew were-killed. ROTTERDAM, Aug. 14. A dispatch from Colgine reports that Fort Pontine, one of the fortifications defending Liege has been captured by the Germans. This fort is 4 1-2 miles north of the center of the city of Liege. BY FRANKLIN P. MERRICK. PARIS, Aug. 14. The French war office issued an official communication today announcing that the Belgian cavalry had won a "brilliant success" over the German Invaders of Belgulm And had repulsed the enemy with heavy losses. It declared that the check in Bel gium would have a disastrous effect upon the bulk of the main German army, which the French military au thorities believe to be between Liege and Thionville, Discussing tho fight ing abilities of the Germans the com munication made this comment: The Germans seem to be stricken with fear. Their morale is only mediocre. One prisoner was asked why the Germans were not fighting better, and he replied: "This in not a war by the people; it is an cUlcors war.' " The war office claims that besides capturing: Beveral thousand German prisoners, in conflicts, the French troops have also taken Beveral batter iee of German guns. Those havo been ordered brought to Paris. Sides Aro Shot. Swift punishment is meted out by French troops upon persons accused of being German spies. Many of these are said to have been operating among the French troops in Al.ace. The mayor and postmaster at Thann wero caught reporting the movements of the French forces to the Germans and both were shot. The anti-German feelings of the French public are being continually Inflamed by stories purporting to de scribe German outrages upon citizens of France and Kussla. It was offi cially statee today that travelers re turning from the south of Germany had reported that the Russian con 5Ul at Frankfort, after being dragged before a statu eg Emperor William of milk and Ice and the babies aro suffering. Meats in the Ghetto are far beyond the price that the ordinary Ghetto purse can pay. Eggs and but ter are selling at figures from 2Z to 30 per cent above those of a few days ago, and most of the canned goods are above the prices of two weeks ago. Hartigan made his report to mayor Mitchel, urging upon him to take pome drastic action immediately for the relief of the suffering poor. Mitchel turned a copy of the report over to the chairman of th commit tee ot 136 that helped to investigate causes for the startling boosts in food prices throughout the city. "My investigation so far has con- vinced me that the food pirates, tak ing advantage of the European situa tion, boosted the prices here without cau"e." said Ilartifran. '-There i- ab solutely no excuse for the sudden boost in prices in this coutnry and the prices must pet back to normal at onco and stay ther" UT KING'S M" AUGUSTA VICTORIA IS ASKING GERMAN WOMEN TO LIGHTEN STRUGGLE Ilmpress Arid Word to Claim Tliat War W'iia Invoked From Outside and Ls Ono of Defense, LONDON, Aug. 14 Copies of an appeal by t)io emprrcs of Germany to I tho women or Germany reached here today. The empress tays: On the Munitions of the emperor our ieople are preparing for an un precedented .struggle which the na tion did not Invoke and It is only to carry on In its own defense. Whoever can In-ar arms will Joyfully hasten to the colors to defend tho fatherland with his blood. The struggle will be gigantic. The wounds to 1m healed will Ik iiiumerable. Therefore I call upon J on, the women and girls of Ger many and to all whom it is not given to light for their beloved home, to let every one now do what lies In her power to lighten the. nrugglo for tlieJr husbands, their sor.s and their broth ers. May tho lxnl God strengthen us in the holy work of love. "AUC.fSTA VICTORIA." m HITS N ft CASE OF SPOILS Naval Battle in Chinese Waters Gives Two British or French Warships Damaged War Fever High. TOKIO, Aug. 14. There was every indication here today that Japan is prt paring to declare war on (Ifrmany, and will take such a step just as soon as it is definitely learned lust what status Japan would have in the di vision -of-Pi-roils in crse she jumped in to the lisht and Germany and Aus tralia were beaten. There Ls feverish activity at the war and navy otllces and high government omcials while lef using to make a definite statement concerning Japan's attitude intimate that Japan's next move may be the declaration of war. ixuig cablegrams are being ex changed between tho Gnglish and Japanese governments and it is be lieved theso relate to Julian's exact .position in case she joins in the light on Germany. German omcials and German tour ists with their wives and families are leaving Japan and China as rapidly as possible. Reports of a naval battle in Chinese waters near .Shanghai have readied here, two wanmips, either British or French, putting into Hong Kong, bad ly damaged as a result o fa hunt with German ships. A great volume of dispatches is pouring into Tokio from different parts of tho far east, evidently de pigned to give the impression that the United States is intervening the Euro pean war. One report was that Ambassador Guthrie has asked the Japanese gov ernment what the Japanese attitude regarding the European situation was to be. The American embassy has i?sued a denial of this report and a denial that any communication from Wash ington has been presented to the Jap anese government on the subject. ITALY WANTS UNITED STATES TO URGE PEACE LONDON, Aug. 14. A dis patch from Rome today stated that the Italian government has in structed the Italian ambassador to the U. S. to confer with the Amer ican state department on the ofl'er of Pres. Wilson of the good office of the United States to mediate the war in Europe. NOW STATUS I. and forced to uncover, was brutal ly kicked and beaten by a crowd of Germans. lYoneli Arc IZnragetl. Tho papers printing this omclal announcement in special editions were eagerly purchased and cries of rage went up from groups of citizens as it was read aloud. There was a rush of subscribers to the war relief fund today. M. AppeU president of the National Aid society, who is in charge of th? fund, stated that he expected it to reach $2,000, 000 within 24 hours. The first big subscription to the fund came from the Reichstag broth ers, who contributed $250,000. Fear Aerial Invasion. Many German aeroplanes and diri gibles were sighted by French troops along the frontier today and precau tions to prevent an aerial invasion were redoubled. That the German air fleet has concentrated at some point in Luxemburg, and is operating along the entire bonier was made ap parent by the fact that every French aeroplane that attempted to ?cout in to German territory was soon pursued by a superior number of the enemy's airships, a nil driven back. One French otficer narrowly es caped death. He was pursued by three German aeroplanes, and several .-hots were fired at him. but he suc ceeded in escaping. A darini? German aviator, carrying (CONTINUED ON PAGE EIGHT.) TALY MOBILIZES HEAVY ARTILLERY Locates 250,000 Men on French, Swiss and Austrian Frontier as Precautionary Measure. TO ASK U. S. TO HELP HER REMAIN NEUTRAL Sees Danger to Adriatic if Aus tria Extends Her Coast Sees Probable Defeat for Triple Alliance Allies. ROME, Aug. 14. The pur chase of the German warships Goeben and Breslau by Turkey, which appears to be an accom plished fact despite the denials made on Thursday, created a deeply unfavorable impression here today. Italy is exepcted to demand an explanation of Tur key's intentions and to warn the porte that this country will not allow the present naval equili brium of the eastern Mediter ranean to proceed. A revolution has broken out in Herzegovina and Austria is now confronted with the task of fight ing Russia and-Servia as well as revolt within heFborders. The Herzegovianians have se cured large supplies of arms that were smuggled across the border and large numbers of them are joining the Montenegrin forces. Most of the inhabitants of Herzegovina are Slavs whose sym pathies are with Russia and Servia in the present conflict. Since 1878 it has been under control of Aus tria. Greece also fears that Turkey, secure in her new naval strength provided by the purchase of Ger man warships, will begin aggres sions which will involve her in war. HOME, Aug. 14. Batteries of heavy artillery are being moved north to the French. Swiss and AuPtrlan frontiers where the Italhin govern ment has massed 250.000 men as a prectutionary measure. Although Italy haa refused to en- Paf?e in the hostilities involving- her colleagues in the triple alliance, Ger many and Austria war conditions pre vail over the greater part ot the king dom. Particularly in the north war meas ures have been adopted. Martial law prevails in all tho towns along the northern border, th forts have been strengthened, and all the mountain passes are under extraordinary guards. It Is reported, although I have fail ed to get confirmation from the war otHce, that mines have been placed at the Italian entrance of the famous Simplon tunnel to blow up the routh ern end of that magnificent work if war should come and Italy's enemies should try to make use of this pas sage into the country. Would lie Cnpopular. "War in Italy at this tim3 would be unpopular and the government Is keenly aware of this state of affairs. However, if hostilities were forced up on the 'country the government would stand In a more favorable light In the eyes of the populace than If it volun- (CONTINTJED ON PAGE EIGHT.) i NORTH BONDER War Price "Grafters''' Taking Notice of Nation -Wide Revolt WASHINGTON. Aug. 14. Nation wide Indignation against the advance in prices of foods on account of the war abroad was rertected in this city today when the war on unscrupulous dealers opened in earnest la three dif ferent quarters. As a result dealers began a reduc tion of prices. The drop was partic ularly apparent in the cost of meats. The price of lamb was reduced three cents a pound, sheep two cents and beef one-half to ono cent a pounf Secy, of Commerce lied ft eld today sent telegrams to the departments in New York, Boston, San Francisco, Seattle, Chlcag-o. Atlanta and New Or- lean.s instructing them to report whether the advance in food prices is general or confined to particular com modities and if fo to name them. In formation also is sought as to whether the ri.e has been sudden or gradual of wh-ther the reasons given for the advance are real. Agents of the department are order QUEEN OF BELGIANS IS TAKING AN INTEREST IN WOUNDED SOLDIERS VlfdUs Hospitals. Soes 350 Patients, and, Stoopin? Over Bod, listens to Their Stories. . .imUSSKI.iS, An. 14. Queen IHira beth, of the Belgians, visiUxl tho wounded at the military hospital tertlay, attended hy the llinoe of Ugji, prohknt of the Bed Cross, Dr. Doracho, Dr. Desgv ami otlw-rs. Tho queen saw patient tliere and latr Khe went to the hospital of St- Jean, where slie mw one hundred wxmnded, but only a few Neriously hurt. Tlio queen stood over each lx-d. listened to tlo sohUers stories and inquired nlut their families. She spent six hours on her hiisxion. OF 5,500,000 mi Stations 2,000,000 on Aus trian and German Frontier and Holds 3,000,000 in Re serve Claims Victories. ST. PKTEHSBURG, Aug. 14. Rus sia has marshalled an army of 5.500, 000 men of whom 3,000,000 are being held in reserve. Of the balance 2.0U0, 000 soldiers are said to be stationed along the German and Austrian bor ders while 50-0,00-0 more have been massed on the Turkish and Rou manian frontiers. Though news of the operation on the frontier of Austria still comes in slowly, there is eutiicient to show that the Servians are holding their own with vigor and persistence. There is also evidence that the Austrians are feeling an unexpected strain. ery tiKnittcant reports have been received of grave insubordination in Austrian regiments in Bosnia. Ac cording to fugitives who have reached Nish, numerous soldiers hae been shot for refusing to obey orders, and in the Slav, Roumanian, Czech and Italian districts generally many troops are becoming mutinous. It appears that an uncensored edi tion of a German newspaper publish ed in Schleswig was brought over the Russian frontier from the south be fore it reached the eyes of the Prus sian oiliciaLs. This newspaper pub lished a list of casualties at Liege. Among the men from the district of Hadersleben this list comprises no fewer than SO, and of these the lit tle village of fr?kodborg lost live men. Xo complete lists are issued, but every borough and district L inform ed of its own losses. A private letter written by a sol dier who took part in the siege of Liege has been received here from Jutland. He is writing to his home and says' the fi'ht wa.s more brutal than Imagination can picture. The shells from the fort made most fright ful wounds. A disastrous defeat suffered by the Austrians at the hands ot the Rus sians at Tusora, on the river Dniester. Four regiments of infantry and one of avalry were cut to pieces. (This is believed to ronilrm yester day's dispatch of the battle on tho Dniester. ) NO TROUBLE AT BERLIN LONDON, Aug. 14. The (Jerman ambassador to the United States is reported to have arrived at The Ihtgue enroute to Washington after a brief vacation in Germany. His presence in Holland doubtless accounts for the rumor that Ambassador Gerard had fled from Germany because of the re fusal of the kaiser's government to al low him to communicate direct with Washington. At tho embassy hre tonight the rumor was absolutely de nied and the statement wan maxLe that Ambassador Gerard w;is in daily com munication with Washington. GKHM.W SHIPS HUILVKI). LONDON, Aug. 14. A German ship in the harbor at Antwerp was burned and another was pillaged by an ;nti German mob. according to advices re ceived by the Dally News today from its Copenhagen correspondent. RUSH A HAS ARMY ed to report if any advance is due to speculation either on the general war situation or on the temporary delay in ocean transit "Consider whether a fair stock exists or is available of any commodity that may have been advanced," the tele grams read, "and whether the facts show a purpose to use the war situa tion to secure "undue extra profit by in creased prices. Study to learn if any combination exists for the advance of prlctrf under existing conditions." Government experts said thre was no good reason for any advance in the price of eujar, but sui?ar men declar ed they are compelled to bid au.int the European nations for sugar. The American sugar refineries today quoted sugar to the jobber in New York at 7 1-2 cents per 100 i-ounds: in Chicago it was quote at T ?i cents. Chicago Jobbers s 1 1 sugar to retail dealers today at eitrht cents and restricted the amount that any one dealer could buy. BRITISH Sfflf liilHD LIS I IIS FIGHT Masts of Six Sunken Ships Are Sighted By Danish Captain Believed to Be German Warships. BATTLE AT WATERLOO IS STILL BEING PREDICTED Believed That French and Eng lish Will Meet Germans in Decisive Engagement Where Napoleon Fell. LONDON, Aus. 14. Lord Kitchener was asked by a fel low diner last night how long he thought the war would last. His reply was: "Eighteen months." LONDON, Au-. 14. Lord Kitchener, the English war min ister, has threatened an English newspaper publishing any news of the English forces with suspen sion, and the censorship at Paris, Brussels and Berlin likewise is clamped on the movements of the various forces. The Belgian army has been bearing the brunt of the fighting thus far, while the allies are disposing their forces. LONDON, Aug. 11. TIi.it there was truth to the dispatch from Paris received several days ago tliat a detachment of British troops had landed on Belgian soil k K7 to aid in checking the advance of the Germans (which troops were then lost sight of through the dili gence of French and English cen sors), is evidenced ny the ar rival at Southampton of a con- signment of wounded British sol diers, brought from the field of the frontier battles. That there has been a juncture established somewhere between the army of Britain and Belgium, or the army of Britain and France is now self-evident, but details arc unavailable. COPENHAGEN, Aucr. 14. A heavy cannonade was heard dur ing the night from the direction of the North Sea. No information was received here, however, of any naval en gagement in those waters. LONDON, Aug. 1 4. The British fleet in the far east lias cornered the German fleet there, according to a dispatch received todav from Hong Kong. LONDON. Aug. 11. A di-pnteh from V(t HartlciwHd quon C'upt. IYterxui of the Danish Mnmi'T. Vnl da Maersk, a- raying that ho sighted the ina.-ts of oen unkeii vhl 17 mile off Spurn Head, the xint at tho mouth of th HimitHT. Petersen de Harod that six of tho -li i ;-r-nian and lie Ixdjrw they wero uar shlis. nv HimmrKT tkmpi.i:. LONIX)N. Aukr. 14. Sma.-nir.c way steadily forward ;md .r v.helmintr by sh-r weight the r.pp'--i-tion in its path. th German "', .-.r machine' is moving Mr-Mv '.ut s irto th Kreat:5t b.ittiv cf th- -A-r! V 9 history. Several opening t-k ir:nh' !i i 1 beep, fought l'-twt m the r. li ns ;tr, l the German, but the main (::;!u't will he fouerbt with th allied armies of Franc and J"r. gland opp. t- the mas.-ive Grrman force. It pi.sciM" that before the main cir.:'.'' L take- place the Kel.-ian afcy ill obliterated. The er.sorhlp at I'.ri-i and Urussels prevents the dS'p--.t.' '. of the French and P.r'.tish forces fr'-vi' being known. It i !"-l!t' -l. how ever, that they are in the !i-:n!ty -J Waterloo, pouth f I '.russet", and t'l.tt, the jjreat cl.tMi will come on the erv feld where ,.r nu-i Na d ;V was crushed. The o:!:cial ar.n'j::.-ernT.t f tj. appointment of ! rd li ert a cm-, mander-in-ohlef of all the forces f be Hritish em; ir., U beiirv.-d to. (CONTINUED N FAGL 12) j . t