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LARGEST SWORN CIRCULATION IN NORTHERN INDIANA.
I'M . THE WEATIL INDIANA cloudy tonight ZLT.d Tuck day: probably thunder shmvera In north, portion; pomowhat cooler Tuesday la north portion. V 3 w Edition READ THE 'WANTS' AVERAGE DAILY NEWS-TIMES CIRCULATION FOR JULY WAS 15,863. o VOL. XXXI., NO. 23G. SOUTH BEND, INDIANA, MONDAY, AUGUST 17, 1914. PRICE THREE CENTS 7n CP i h t 4 u u FTERNOON SOITTH TTTiTn " II I IV 7 1 J 1 1 1 1 ( d) At If & Mi) Wlmm o o o RQUGHR1DERST0 AID FRENCH ARMY G S Regiment of American Cow Boys and Englishmen and French Polo Players Arc Be ing Enlisted in Paris. ST. BLASIEN AND BADEN ARE TAKE BYN ALLIES Will Force Both Germans and Austrians to Engage in the Struggle Aeroplanes Are Carrying Troops to Fron.t. PARIS, Aug, 17. Several merican cowboys have enlisted in the - rough rider regiment, which is being recruited for the French army and will be ready to go to the fro'n't in about ten days. I A number of Englishmen, some noted rrench polo piayers and other men famous for their horse manship also have enlisted. Three wealthy Americans v are said to have given their assurance that they will outfit the rough riders with the best horses obtain able. The rough riders will be equipped with dust grey khaki tunics, whipcord breeches, black leggings, big hats, sabres and au tomatic pistols. m ru.WHMN' i Mi-ntiucK. PARI?. Aiik'. 17. The French war I'llioe announced today the capture of ii. I'.la.sien, in Baden, by the French. At the same time, however, the war Mlico admitted that the Germans are offering furio:i3 resistance to the French advance through the pass of t. Marie Auk Mines in the Yonges mountains. The French forces alonn the west ern border of upper Alsace and lower J.orraine are stretched out in a huj?o enveloping movement, t0 miles long, from Kechicourt, or Uixinjren in Lor raine, south to ist. Marie. In its announcement the war office taid: ' poratlons of the French army are Veins developed ;dl along1 the lino from Jlechicourt to St. Marie. The advance of the French troops in Kehirmcek valley has been especially rapid. One thousand prisoners were taker, nnd the Germans abandoned a large quantity of military accoutre ments. At St. Marie, heavy artillery nnd several field pieces were captured from the German in the Hlamont dis trict, iu transports, wagons and other IN effects fell into our hands. The morale of the French troops is excel lent." A preut engagement all along the lines T the two opposing armies Is forecate,i by the war otll-'O. Allies Will Force Battle. "At the moment that the German Main force comes in contact with our troops, our allies will force both Aus trians and Germans to engage in an additional struggle, which, it seems likely, will be of vast proportions," pays the war olhce statement. "It is well known by this time that the Germans anticipated a decisive defeat of the French so that they rnight immediately follow up such a access with a battle against our al lies. It is also well known that they .umted on the slow mobilization of the Russian forces and upon the dis turbances in Foiand to K-'iin time for their arms. The czar, however, by his promise to grant autonomy to Poland 5.a.s obtained the fidelity of the Poles it ml Russia's mobilization has been ac omplished with remarkable rupidlty. Hie Russian army Is now moving for ward for an offensive blow, the result ct which will soon be felt. Already In Gnlicia Russian cavalry has crossed the frontier, and Austrian cavalry and infantry has been routed while other l.atuillcns have turned tail." Germany Is beinic put upon the de fensive and it Is Impossible to nvoid tho conclusion that her position at the tront is unsatisfactory. lYaiso fir French Courage. High pralso is iven to the courage of the French troops on the Iorralne Vorder. and to the brilliancy with w hich they have carried out their op erations. lieir.forcemenbs are being sent to the French troops that recaptured JJlamont nnd Circy. Aeropl.tt-.t-.s are being carried with the advance troops and aeroplanes are 1 elng sent toward Metz and Straps-3-jrg to make reconnaJpsuinces for the French and to destroy the hangars containing Z"p;elin airships. The war otlice has confirmed the r.ews of the French victory at Din ant. In Helium, this communique being the first otilcial word as to the actual location of the Frencli soldiers in Bel gium IVrnoh Version of lVattle. The French war office's version of tl;e battle at Dinant Is n.s follows: "German forces, consisting of a dl- (CONTINUKD OS I'AGK EIGHT) TURKEY SENDS REGRETS TO FRANCE WITH REGARD TO DARDANELLES AFFAIR Hut Turks Are Reported Ready to llht If Condition In Servia Continue to Menace. PARIS, Ans. 17. Turkey ha sent to I-Yancc a mcssasv of regret for the; tJ-iatuuiit aucorricl two XVench ships In Uie Dardanelles Iy the cruiser Coebcn. PORTI7S AUMV MOHILIZIIS. WASHINGTON, Auk. 17. The en tire Turkish army has been mobil ized according to confidential informa tion received in diplomatic circles re ceived In Washington today. It is expected that in spite of the declara tion of neutrality, Turkey is now ready fo any eventualities which misht come from further demands relatives to the two German warships, the Goeben and Breslau, which have found safety from British and French attack in tho Dardanelles. Diplomats here are convinced that should Bulgaria enter Into the fiffht against ervi;i, Turkey will attack both Kervia and Greece and her armies will cooperate with those of Bulgaria, Six Looters Shot After Court Martial Has Desired Effect Permanent Peace Promised in Month by Carranza. py il ir. STAXsnuiiY. MEXICO CITY, Aug. 17. Gen. Ob regon is maintaining order with an Iron hand and th terror that pre ceded the constitutionalists occupa tion is rapidly disappearing. Three looters were shot last night after a court martial and three more were executed early today. Short respite will be given the con stitutionalist troops who have arrived here. Immediately after the arrival of Gen. Carranza they will be sent out to whip Gen. Zapata and the 5,0 00 fed erals who have retired to Guadaloupe. The constitutionalists expect to es tablish permanent peaco throughout the republic within a month and then hope for the recognition by the United States. John Ii. Silliman is represent ing" the American government here. CRUDE OIL IN INDIANA DROPS, 50 LOSE JOBS TERRE ILAUTE. Ind.. Aug. 17. The Standard Oil Co. today reduced the price of crude oil to 97 cents. As a result of the drop extensive develop ments of the oil fields in the vicinity of Sullivan has been stopped and the pumping station at Martinsville h been closed resulting in 50 men heitif," thrown out of work. A slump in tho eastern market was responsible for the reduction. WHOLE GERMAN FLEET REMAINS BOTTLED OP Kaiser's Warships Stay Under Protection of Fortress in North Sea. LONDON, Aug. 17. The German fleet, according: to reports, remains bottled up in the North sea, presum ably in the vicinity of Wilhelmshavea and under the protection of the fort ress of Heligoland. The Austrian fleet is reported to have sought refupe at Pola, where the shore defenses are aid to bo in adequate. The Adriatic, according: to the re ports, has been mined as a further protection to the Austrian ships against the combined British and French Mediterranean fleets which are seeking them. The admiralty has mado no an nouncement retarding the movements of British cruUers in West Indian and American waters. There are re ports of the capture of several Ger man merchant ships In that quarter, and unconfirmed reports say that one or more British warships have had an exiKa cement with tho German cruiser Karlsruhe In Cuban waters. Both Caibarien and Guntanlmo dispatches tell of heavy cannonading heard off those ports. Dispatches received here from Rt. Petersburg say that two German cruisers approached the western end of Dago island, between tho gulf of Fin'aud and the Baltic, on Thursday and fired a number cf shells at the lighthouse. None of tho shells took effect. A British warship captured Rn Aus trian merchant vessel Itst niht off the Northumberland coast. Th names of the two ships have not been an nounced In fdte of the fact that floating mine have ben scattered in the North s-a merchant vessels are mak ing regular runs between the east ports of Emrland and Scandinavian ports, bringing' provisions to England. REIGN OF TERROR II MEXICO CITY IS DISAPPEARING UTRO-ITALII R01TIER READ! F b Rome Expects Declaration of War From Austria-Hungary Due to Warlike Preparations in North of Italy. FRANCE AND AUSTRIA ENGAGED ON ADRIATIC Two Austrian Ironclads Sink and Another Burns Serv ians Repulse Austrians in 48-Hour Battle at Jana. ROME, Au. 17. An Ancona dispatch says that four British bat tleships chased the Austrian tor pedo cruiser Szieivar and mine ship Aurora into the harbor of Pola when they were discovered blockading Antivari, Montenegro. Part of Belgrade has beenie strdyed by lire set by the Austrian bombardment. Word received here today from Belgrade says that the bombardment is incessant and that most of the inhabitants have fled. Most of them are headed for ISMsh. Owing to the crowded condi tion of that city, the lack of food and insanitary situation, it is fear ed that an outbreak of disease may follow. Great numbers of the poor are without shelter and food. The capital has been badly damaged by the artillery tire from the heavy seize guns of the Aus trians. nv imixTox allaiuk. ROME, Aup. 17. Government of ficials here believe that Austria soon will declare war on Italy, because of the fact that martial law prevails alonjr the Austro-Italian frontier, where Austria has massed a large body of troops. Italy, In retaliation for Austria's actfs, and, "as a precautionary measure," ha rushed a big army to tho towns on the Austrian frontier, and In some places the Austrian and Italian troops are camped only a few hundreds yards from each other. A report reached here today that the French defeated the Germans yesterday in an engagement near Muelhausen. Thero Is no confirma tion. The Tribuna asserts that It has learned on good authority that Greeco has decided to demand ex planations in Constantinople of the concentration of Turkish troops on the frontier of Thrace. If the Turk ish government's reply Is not satis factory, Greeco will mobilize her army. Ficht Xaval l!attle. Tho Servian war omce announced today from Nlsh that a naval battle was fought In the Adriatic sea on Sunday by warships of Austria and France, and that tho Austrians were defeated. The war omce official statement follows: "A naval battle between French and Austrian warships began ofE Budua In the Adriatic at 9 o'clock Sunday morning. Tho French squad ron coming from tho southwest, at- (CONTTXUF.D ON PAGE EIGHT) Warring Nations of Europe Politely Decline United States Offer of Mediation on Ground Of National Honor Russia Alone Is Silent WASHINGTON. Aug 17. Polite declinations of Pres. Wilson's offer of mediation (between the warring- pow ers of Europe iiave reached tho state department, it was stated today. All the powers approached with the ex ception of Russia, have informed the president that much to their regret, they cannot accept arbitration by the United States at this time. France in declining tho American offer informed the state department that Germany was the aggressor in the present war and that France did not consider that the principle fur which Bhe is fighting is one which will admit of arbitration or mediation. England in d-'lininpr the offer stated that she is fighting for the question of national honor and the independ ence rjf lie 1st una neither of which1 s vrir sti:. lviuk wi relics STATION1 IX DAN'CiKIL OTTAWA. Ont.. Aug. 17. The depurunont of militia was notified tot lay tliat attempts had Ikoii made to wrrvk the go eminent vtlrclfs station at Sault Nt Marie early today. A M?ntry iiivtl and tho trwi Kisser lied. EMPEROR WILLIAM IS AGAIN OFF FOR FRONT PROTECTED BY STAFF I,oaes Ilcrlin Ily Special Train at Midnight and Alleged Destina tion in Mainz. lll'LLKTIX. Ili:i:Xi:. Aug. IT. i:mieror Wil liam left Iierlin for the front shortly after midnight, according to a dis patch received here from the German capital today. It says that the kaiser was accompanied by the head quarters staff of his army and that the special train on which they trav eled was IkhiiuI for Mainz. XOTE -Mainz is in Hesse, and is one of the most strongly fortified cities of the German empire. It is about 1M0 miles from Aix-La-Chap-pelle where a Berlin dispatch last week said that the kaiser had al ready arrived and had been acci dentally shot in the ankle, return ing to Berlin. Editor. APS EX D flT F 1 L Ultimatum Calculated to Estab lish "Yellow Jacket" Su premacy in Far East is De livered by U. S. Ambassador. SHANGHAI, China. Aug. 17. Transports proceeding south from palney toward Kiao-Chau were sighted" today. They are be lieved to carry Japanese troops. WASHINGTON," Aug. 17. Pres. Wilson is entirely satisfied that Japan is acting in good faith in her promise to respect the ter ritorial integrity of China. Her ultimatum to Germany reached Berlin toJav. It was transmitted through James W. Gerard, the American ambassa dor, and he reported to the state department this forenoon that he had received it. The American ambassador's dispatch was brief and contained no details of the manner in which the ultimatum was presented nor any indications as to what the out come would be. TOKIO, Aug. 17. News of the ulti matum stnt by Japan to Crermany de manding the withdrawal or disarming of all German ships in Chinese and Japanese waters and the surrender of Kiao-Chau was favorably received in all circles today. The only opposition voiced by the press appears in unim portant newspapers. The leading papers declare that the government has acted wisely in seiz ing the present opportunity to assert Japan's supremacy in tho far east, and to move for the elimination of "in terests opposed to the welfare and prosperity of Nippon." Japan expects war. No one- bc- (CONTINUED ON PAGE TEN) would admit of mediation at this time. Germany and Austria both allege that they had suilicient gTounds for war against Russia and for the subse quent steps they have taken against other nations. No reply has reached the state de partment from Russia and .Secy, liryan has been unable to obtain an assurance that the president's offer of mediation has reached the czar. Premier Vivian! of France, replying to Pres. Wilson's offer of American mediation, said: "You may be assured that the French government and people will recognize in your idea new evidence of your interest in the destinies of France." The premier added that France had been attacked "despite her steady re- i fusal to take the aggressive." IR MID RINf ID Ml SEN MR BY JAPAN IS BRITISH MOVE Serve to Draw German Navy From the North Sea and Mouth of Elba to Fight or Help Asiatic Fleet. GREAT LAND GRAPPLE DAILY COMING CLOSER Home Rule Offered Poles is Expected to Increase Rus sia's Fighting Strength on East Frontier of Germany. UV HERHEUT TEMPLE. LONDON, Aug. 17. The British government was officially notified to day of Japan's ultimatum to Ger many. Under instructions from To kio the Japanese minister went to the foreign office and presented a ropy of the ultimatum to Sir Edward Grey, the foreign secretary. The statement of the Japanese govern ment that Kiao-Chau would be re turned to China and that the integ rity of that country would not be menaced by Japan, served to re lieve anxiety that had teen felt here for some time. The ultimatum of Japan Is ex pected to hasten action by the Ger man fleet In the North Sea and is regarded as a British strategic move, if Germany wishes to send assist ance to its Asiatic fleet, the forces now supposed to be bottled up near tho mouth of the Kibe will have to come out and fight. German Forces Advance. In the meantime the great land grapple Is dally coming closer. Tho fighting at Dinant shows that the German forces have almost reached tho Franco-Belgian frontier, their objective point. A battle is also re ported at Avricourt in Alsatlon frontier. Though thousands of men were involved in these conflicts they are regarded, like the battle of Haeton, as mere skirmishes preliminary to the terrific annageddon that Is im minent. At Haelen the Germans lotrt 3,000. A report from Amster dam, that Austrian troops had reached Belgium, caused great sur prise among military experts hero today. It indicated that they had been moving much more rapidly than had been considered possible, but also served to confirm the ex perts' belief that Germany was stak ing its all on its massive attack on the weakest part of tho French frontier. Though the allies claim victory at both Dinant and Avricourt, It is ad mitted that the Germans must overrun much of the country of tho Ardennes. Home Rule For Foiand. That Russia's pledge of homo rule to Poland if Germany is crushed, will materially assist the progress of tho czar's army, Is be lieved here. Great numbers of Poles dwell in eastern Prussia and the northeastern part of the Aus trian empire and their support would undoubtedly prove a vast help to Russia's invading fcrces. The remarkable rapidity with which Russia has mobilized her forces has proved the marvel of the war. They are ready to take the offensive and the result will soon be felt in Galcia. Their cavalry crossed the frontier at the Upper Bug and Upper Styr rivers simul taneously and at the wmo time the 1 (CONTINUED ON PAGE TEN) The question of censoring cables as well as wireless messjugea from the United States probably will be settled within 2 4 hours. The president expects, to hold a con ference with agents of the department of justice ajid other experts on inter national law. He declared there were several Intricate phases of the question not covered by international law. The president stated that censorship of wireless was essentially different from censorship of cable for the rea son that the latter went to a ypociflc point whereas the wireless reached In all directions within certain limits. The question of censoring messages to Canada as a branch of a power now at war was placed before him. but the president seemed to indicate that such a proposed was impr&cticabU. RESPECT MUSEUMS OF ART AND SCIENTIFIC COLLECTIONS IN WAR Destruction Would Mean IiOs of Years of Work That Iuture (uinot Afford to Lose. imrSSEIiS, Aug-. 17. M. Paul )t lot, president of the Union Ics Av-cr-tlons Internationale, Kays that a inoe nient Is on fiot to iruluoe ttio United States to obtain the cooperation of the neutral jxmm in npprtxvcJdn U lnd ligrnmL' to Ik them to rcsinvt mu seums of art aiul.Hrfentilic collections In the threatened capitals. lie mentioned, for iu?tiuKX that In Brussels reiosl tlie plates of tho photographic map of the ltoavens. It lias taken twenty years to complete tlvc work, and tho destruction of the plates would he an almost irreparable loss to the world. CRY "HOLY WAR TO GET PEASANTS II RUSSIA TD EIGHT Bits of Royal Family Off for Moscow to Stir Religious and Racial Prejudice In vade Prussia. ST. PETERSBURG, Aug. lT.Czar Nicholas, the empress. Crown Prince Alexis and the imperial grand duchess left here today for 'Moscow, while Russian authorities renewed their ef forts to arouse the ardor for warfare among the people by playing ou their religious principles and their racial prejudices. Religious ceremonies have become part of tlu mobilization and whenever troops march on their way to the rail way stations they are preceded by priests of tho orthodox church in full vestment". The authorities are making every ef fort to convince the people that this Is a holy war and that it is a jut one from the Russian standpoint. It is pointed out, too, that the Russians must win or else the Teutons, gener ally hated throughout Russia, will sweep through the empire, and leave death and devastation in their paths. Ttvko lruHsian Towns. The capture of the thriving cities of Insterberg and Gumbinnen by Rus sian troops invading east Prussia waa officially announced today by the gen eral staff. Insterburg is only 52 miles from Koenigsburg, the strongly forti fied German seaport. It has more than 20,000 inhabitants and Gumbin nen has 18,0-00l The general staff further stated that several German aeroplanes had been brought down by Russian bullets, but that Russian aviators had been suc cessful in their operations and hao ob tained information of the highest value, by their reconnaissances across the Austrian frontier. According to the general staff, the German Poles are offering no resist ance to the advance of the Russian troops, but the other German civilians have armed themselves and have fired from loop holes in their dwellings. Chicago Packers, Wholesalers and Retailers Face Investi gators City Also Acts. CHICAGO, Aug. 17. A scor or more of Chicago packers, wholesalers of grocery and retailers were sched uled to appear before the federal grand Jury which today began its probe Into the reasons for tho recent advance in prices of food stuffs. Sev eral promised to appear without tho formality of subpoenas but it was said that subpoenas would probably be is sued for the books of various concerns in order that the grand jury might as certain what they show as to the oper ations of the packers since the Euro pean wnr began. "While Dlst. Atty. Wilkereon was quiz2dng witnesses be fore the grand Jury a meeting of tho Chicago municipal market commission headed by Alderman James II. Law ley, wa held today in the city hll when the advances In the price of food.1 and proposed legislation by which the commlsisoners hope to pre vent the holdup of consumers by dealers was discussed. Tho state attorney's oifico today en tered into the scond week of its probe into the boosting- of food rrio a. Chief Investigator James Geary with seventeen assistants have procured evidence, it was said, which shows that several firms combined to boost prices with the European war as a pretext. This evidence will be presented to the grand Jury. GRAND JURY PROBES MELON PATCH MURDER AEdllON. Ind Aug. 17. A special grand Jury convened here to Investi gate the killing of Howard Mclaugh lin of Lansing. Mich., by Charles I. Cushing. a wealthy Kendall ville gard ener. McLaughlin was killed when Cushing found him in his melon patch. FEDERAL GRAND JURY PROBING IR PRICES II T BATTLE Fighting Resumes Along French and Belgian Frontiers Al lied Army Massed at DinanL Germans Number 400,000, ADVANCE GUARD MOVES TOWARD FRENCH BORDER Austrian Troops Come to Res cue of Invaders Under Ger man General and Will Enter tain French in Alsace, BRUSSELS, Aug. 17. Ger man and Frencli troops are fight ing in the outskirts of Yvoir, ac cording to a civic guard of Di nat who arrived at Namur today. He reported that train service be nant who arrived at Namur today, been interrupted. Yvoir is ten miles south of Namur. German cavalry made gallant efforts to take the machine guns of the Belgians, charging into a hail of bullets that quickly emp tied many saddles. There is a heavy French force around Namur supporting the Belgians at that point. The Germans seem to be ad vancing towards the forts which protect Namur with the evident intention of trying to take them by assault. " That Austrian re-inforcements of the German army have reached Belgium is reported from Macs tricht. The Austrians are said to have been placed under command of Count Von Buelow, commander-in-chief of the second German army corps. German cavalry, which had been defeated in previous light ing, attempted on Sunday to take the ori'ensive against the French after being reinforced, but were driven back to Wavre, near Wa terloo. F.xn uto ;-nium Oilircr. WirsSIXS Aur. 17. A (.eriis.tn. lH-lioed to !h an ulliivr of hih rank in tho knl-r's nny :itrtil to day, court nuir.i h'l and -hot at ii--lxM-k. On the- in-id' of hi- -h :'. found a had;:o lM-iriHi: in-i-til.i o whou that ho via Ji ollin r of rank in the (irrinaii army. Annniimviiinii was made hen that a (iennan -jinr"-ihirr Ih UcmiI to 1 oih ol th rhiel-. in tho rinan c-piona-o -t nf a-nrrt-Ml at hi- homo in arnuo iriArmoo in thi it.v hy 1I luiaii -oldies. t tho time of his arrii tho t.er maii wa rrjMn tod to n- ri-a-od in writing a report to tho (.oiinan rriiincnt. I'ai uldoli found in tho .ormair homo, to tho ur tW of ciulit l-i-Mns H axu- d oL hoiniT -lio. nv m:nm mn.LiNcorKT. .r'! Anc. IT. With t:o- 1 ft. Hank of th" t';.-:iriT I r::n:i :irmy in. position f-.r th- titari- with the a li'-. rj-'htj:: w-i.t on t-- ,i-.- l.tTv-,-n The a'J uu.'ird of th" i;,rm;ins ui:.l th- .'li;..l tri.--p.-5 ::.a. d around Dinant ar.-l .--:jth f that point. Ijipatrh.s from th" s-. i-v o. na tion a th" Impression that the e. ti ter of the German army v.ith Itn 4"". (u.O men is p'lnhirii: ft.rv.-r.rd t-'v:srd th" French frontier I" html a sklr mNh front which h.i-s l :i in '-' Fineo il-iwn Saturday mornin-'. !' tvi w;.les are us-inir infantry r:i-...lry and artlllerv. ?md Loth h:ue en ;:.a:l.. lnronv.iiienc"l hy h-avy rain-- huH have Mn:"-1 r.-a: Fwainp. prev.-r.tin e,u:.',: m i of th heaw hatteries Karthxvorfcs- are -r.z t:r-.vr. !r th" main hody of th 'Irtn-tn t r, jast a? w;i 'h ! th- rr.t wins alr.ni: the ir: "t,-n.!.h-: fr.-::; i. point south ,f Antwerp t" th- dis trict ea?t of T?mcseh-; Stroructhenlni: Iodtin-. Th," allies are trenirth.-ninc th"ir rvitior.s between Idr. int an i th. French frontier. It ! apparent to th military authorities that the German forces which were thrown hack from Dinant cn Saturday d t s.-r.t hod. hVani Myintr s-jurulron which had forward In advance of th" mam to iriv a ekirmh to th" . : r. Tt Is ri:it"d out a a sict'. fart that the Germar.. !r:-t'a-l - f r--treatinc eastward. '.-' a -.;th"rl-sours .i!ons th .!e-:--- a I!-y toward th" French herder at Ghet. (CONTINUKD ON TAUT. TK.")