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LARGEST SWORN CIRCULATION IN NORTHERN INDIANA.
MORNING THE WEATHER i.owni: MTcnrcrAN Ik al rains except fair In norLhvrt portion Satur day night. INDTANA Bain JYiday. Saturday probably fair. Hi k Edition AVERAGE DAILY NEWS-TIMES CIRCULATION FOR SEPTEMBER WAS 16,532. READ THE 'WANTS' VOL. XXXI., NO. 2 9G. SOUTH BEND, INDIANA, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1914. PRICE TWO CENTS n i 1 y y r 1 t LA SOUTH BEN N WS-TIME S A k rl A in i ill ImJ U U Ut U U 1 1 AWE REAL YSTER I3l Old "Hit and Miss" Policy Will Bo Abandoned For Definite Aim, Declares Speaker Wil son at Luncheon. MEMBERSHIP CLIMBS; 364 NOW ENROLLED New Headquarters on Jefferson Blvd. to Be Taken Up To morrow, When Campaign Will Be Completed. NITVY MIIMBITRS. Captain. Thursday. Total. V.'. W. Ridcnour . .' 17 TS Charles A. Dolph T R' J. R. Weber 21 r,o J. B. Wright is :4 William Happ f. 31 Iavid li. Guilfoylo c 2"i Ta. I. 3 Tardy 10 22 S. C. Chard l'. OIIlco 7 Total 99 36 4 A definite plan of work is being out lined for tho Chamber of Commerce ! to follow after tho membership cam ipalgn now in progress, is over. Resides effecting a complete reor ganization of tho commerce .organi sation new plana for work to he done In tho future will be prepared. The American City bureau which is assist ing with the campaign will if neoes-r-iry -y a member of their staff in South end for two months in the -work - getting the organization start ed oi. tho new plans. i'U committer meetings will be j. :1 at which time methods for con ir.;ng the chamber will bo laid out. 'he work of the. commerce body and -tiethods of accomplishing it will be thoroughly analyzed for the new members before definite steps toward accomplishments are made. To Abandon OUl Policy. "Wo will not work on the old hit ,rnd miss policy." Lucius 1!. Wilson .-aid in his talk Thursday. The entire work ac ill be systematized and every pniblo effort will be mudo to cover the bold thoroughly and effectively. The general plan will be similar to that now in use in such cities as Cleve land, Detroit and Pes Moines where the commerce bodies are working with great success. The organization will move Into the new quarters on S. Rifayotte and Jef ferson blvd. Saturday and tho cam paign will be completed from those headquarters. Ore of t ho first additions to be mad 1 y Xh" organization will a iiM'-re et'ieient retail information bureau. -V special expert may be :tdded to the present staff to liavo charge of the bureau, supplying rat ings on pr.u tically e ery citizen in South Bend. The bureau will be or ganized with a card index system, which a!-o is being follc-.ved in num bers of the large cities successfully. Tho .-tablishment of a tratho bu ll ea a will probably come shortly with u expert in charge. It is believed that there are innumerable cases ln olvir.g the freight .rates on practical ly" en ry t ommodity in ordinary use. that should he looked Into and it Is believed better rates could be ar lunu'ed and hotter service both "as- henger and freight coald be brought jit.eut. The tratllc burenu would promote jdar.s, no doubt, for the sur '.ey of the proposed canal and many cthiT uses could be. made of tho de partment. Tor Hotter Payrolls. A different attitude will be taken in !: enraging the promotion of public In st it tit ions, tho promotion and en- ouraging of existim ami prospective factories through money and personal ffort, nml the promotion of plans to Ini'.uenre the public to appreciate their tty and esp oiallv patronize home in dustries. The latter fact is taking on KUch proportions in the last few weeks that it is possible that a special move ment will be arranged immediately lollewing the Ciunpaign to urge South 'Ti r i people to demand South bond viado prodticts In an indirect effort to increase South Bend I ; " rolls and thereby lurtaso tho wealth of the - ity. Ffforts will be rnade to reo that tranters get a good impnssion of the ity. Investigation of th depots will T e" rnade and it L? thought w ith the oncer! ed efforts of the ne-.r cruimber tb.at some action will be secured frim tlio various railroads enuring the city. "Although it is a fact that the great "majority of commercial clubs In the p;it liavo frittered away time ami money in al miens talk instead of ac i omplishment," drclared Mr. Wilson, such a mehinoholy and profitless end Is v.-holly unnec ssary. Scores of lib s have pointed the way to su.-cess in some line of co-op rative ndavor. 'i his expt rience has been collected. -U matically arranged and made ivai!alde fr an organization that Will use It." HeuMins for I'allur. "Sonic of the ordinary reasons why many ori;a:.iatih.s fail are: Small ir.eTiibership, s!endT income, r.o deti i.ite jTograrn, lrubferenee of mern br5, 4 ar le--s ctmmittee, absence of o prop 4C0xtinui:d ox paou thriili) m0m lour by dbk mmm t' U:; 'OO ' -, -. -. . Xj."' 3 'hit' ih-ii I'1 ii u i b H Li5': ' ; ; i " i . ( BANKERS PLEA RITE INCREASES Declare Railways Cut Rates For Years Past While Operation Costs Increased Philadel phian Elected President. IMCUMOXb, Va.. Oct. 1.". The fourth annual convention of tho American Dankers' association clos ed this afternoon. William A. Law, first vice president of the First Na tional bank of Philadelphia, was elected president for the ensuing year and James K. Ii.vnch of San Francis co, vice president. Fred K. Farns worth of New York, secretary; J. AV. J loops of Galveston. Texas, treasurer; Thomas II. Paeon. New York, general (counsel, and L. W. Gammon of New York, manager of the protective de partment, were re-elected. Seattle, Wash., was chosen as the 1915 con vention city. Action of nation-wide interest was taken at the morning session when under suspension of the rules, upon motion of Oliver J. Sands, president of the American National bank of Rich mond, the association passed resolu tions calling upon the interstate com merce commisision to grant the in crease sought by the railways. Tho preamble sets forth that shock to fi- nancil and business interests of this country .md the derangement of for-t-'.Kii exchanges resulting from th European, war are being overcome and the most serious condition now confronting the financial, business and investment interests of this country arises from the fact that there is no maket for securities and until this Is remedied the financial exchanges ear. not be opened and business re stored to normal conditions. It was pointed out that the rail way companies have been constantly decreasing rates for years past, while the con of operation, maintenance and improvements huve constantly in creased. The resolution !a part fol lows: "The interstate commerce commis sion is respectfully, but earnestly re quested to act promptly and favora lilv uiH.n nending applications for in- crease of freight rates, and in the ex lercise of its broad powers and in the (discharge of its obligations to protect i the interests of the railroads under its control. FIRE AT UNDERWEAR MILLS Iass K-timated at S'-00 on Fourth Floor. lire w hioh broke out about 2 o'clock on Thursday night, destroyed several bales of wool on the fourth floor of the tephe.u-.m I'ndorwe.ir Mills, K. Colfax Central hose company made the put out before it could gain enough hcadw.-.y to do much damage. The loss was estimated ut Mc;iXXIS IS DI1D. KANSAS tTTY. Mo.. OcL 15. Michael Angclo .Mcilinnis, who won a p r'b- from the Missouri, ftate xtrison for hLs solution? of problems in tlgur s ;nd algetr.i which puzzled scientists for yfars, died Thursday of jncu- GETTING HIS DUTCH UP W ar News Up to Press Time lTn (IKILMAX SPICS TAIUIX. PATHS, ct, 15. Vive Gorman spies iiuiMiucrading as llcxl Cros aides were urrotctl in Paris today, l or some j wii'ks party has 1kcii automobil- iu in tno rear or tno l icncn lmcs. 'Jjiey lutd bovii l'urniliC4l with formal pajKTs, but wc.rt cauglit when tliey uUcmptctl to cuter larLs lK'iausc tliey ucro uiiprovldctl witli a pass signed by (Scii. (lalUcni. Two bombs, several rifles and cart ridges., maps and sketches were found hidden in the automobile. TArnn MAX DROPS IiLnTKR. 1 'Alt IS, Oot. 15. 'llie Taubo aero man who viitcd Paris dropiod a let ter addressed to Gnu Callieiii, naming: several French offhvrs who had been taken prL-oners. The aviator added tliat lit? was fulfilling the officers re quest in informing Uviu (lallienl. lie regretted that ho was compelled also to drop lombs, but, lie concluded, war i war. sm:iiij CATiiraR.i;. PARIS, Oct. 15. A lisputch to the Temps says tiat another tiernian shell fell on the Rhcims cathedral yesterday, destroying tho gallery of the ApM Threo shells demolished iwirt of the law courts. Ihiblie Attor ney" Dossil was buried in the. ruins, hut lie was extricated, suffering mere ly from shock. SPANISH TROOPS MOYK. LONDON". CXt, 15. An 1 Lxclmngo? telegram from Gibraltar states that strong1 eolunms of Siniiili troois urt marching on .inflt, on the frontier of the Spanish zone with a Aiev of at- ti'kiii'- tli uontiiiirents avsrmhlitl J tlwre. Trouble is cxKcttxl from the? floors. rii.c;rE ix roRTUGAii. MAJRII. Oct, 15. German resi dents of Portugal who arriod here submittal to rigorous sanitary moa iue bxan5e of an outbreak of plague in Portugal. 90,000 TO FRONT. lX)NDON". Oct. 15. The Daily News has received a diiatch from Foixm liagen uhicJi siiys that the Germans arts rnshing 90,000 of the Iindwohr reservists to the western Ixittle front. . RFVoiyrinLs c wituiu-u. I)MK), Oct, 15. A Central News disixUch from Jolianxudurg si.vs that SO of Col. Mariu's revolting Doer tcroops liave Nh'ii captured after a brief. ciig".vgcment. KDI1IU ROOT III. XI ZVT YORK, Oct. If.. Mr. and Mrs. Klihu Hoot. jr.. are receiving con gratulations on the birth of a son on Tuesday. Th's is their first son and has- been named Klihu Root III. The boy is a grandson of Sen. Klihu Root and also of Pres't M. Y. 'tryker of Hamilton college, Clinton, N. Y. 15,000 IX)ST. PARIS, Oct. If.. From 12.C0O to If.. 000 Germans were lost in the battle of Amu says the newspaper France Ounord, when they were surrounded in some marsh land. CHRISTMAS IXR SOLDIiniS. IiONDON, Oct. 15. Princess Mary has issued an appeal for half a mil lion dollars to provide, a Christmas present for every soldier and sailor in active service SI T FIFER CASE TODAY Prosecution Introduces Nearly All Evidence Lad Said to Be Growing Nervous, While Smith is Closely Guarded. ATE ill RES Frosccutor C. R. Montgomery ex pected to rest the case of the state in tho trial of Floyd Fifer, charged with murdering F. A. Fink, the Michigan av. druggist, shortly after the Flk hart superior court opened this morn ing. Practically all tho evidence of tho prosecution has been placed be fore the jury and the defense will place its witnesses on the stand today and the trial will probably continue during the earlier part oT next week. About 13 witnesses have been sub penaed by the defense and their tes timony will probably cover two days. Corroboration of the confession made by Fifer to local police otlicers was the substance of the testimony presented by the state Thursday. Olficers Martin Zgodzinski. Lawrence Lane, Ellis Diver and John Stickler were placed on the stand and related In detail tho circumstances of the ar rest and confession of the defendant last February. Joe Miller and J. Oliver, turnkeys at tho county jail, where Fifer was confined for a period, also testified to admission of the shooting of Fink by the young man while he was under their care. Hoy Tot hies. One of tho interesting features of the trial was the testimony of Will iam Gammon, nine years old. a school boy of outh Pend. The lad found the revolver with which Fink is sup posed to have been killed, on the morning following the hootini?. The gun was picked up by the Gammon boy on Madison st. while on his way to school. The lad testified that three bullets were in the revolver when he found it. Fpon inquiry as to how ho knew this the boy replied that he had "looked down the barrel." Mac Buckles, also of S"Uth Hend, testified that he had seen Fifer stand ing at the corner of Lasalle av. and Michigan St. shortly before the shoot in?. Frank Christoph. clerk of St. Joseph circuit court, was placed upon the stand to certify the records show ing that Fifer luid pleaded guilty to a charge of assault and battery with in tent before Judpe W. A. Funk in the circuit eourt. Judge Funk also ap peared in court and testified that he had asked Fifer when arraigned if he understood what consisted of a plea of guilty to such a charge, the pun ishment involved and several oth-r explanatory Questions. Fifer renll'd in the affirmative to these questions, the judge stated on the stand. I'ifiT P.eooming Vrr o-ts. T? is reoortod h.''? ifT is bt-o online more nervous and unstrung as the tri.tl propr s'S. II.- is said to haw told the Elkhart county sheriff in whose custody the young man is held that he "wished he were dead". This statement is said to have been made since the trial started. It is expected that the defense rlll attempt to show that Fifer was in duced to make the confession to po lice off.cer? bv threat and pressure. In addition it is believed that the ccintint::!) on pack 12.) WEDGE THRU GERM LINE Von Kluck and Von Boehm Cut Off From Von Beseler in At tempting Circular Sweep of Northwest France. RETAKING OF LILLE AND YPRES BIG GAIN Invaders Also Forced to Aban don All Positions on Left Bank of Lys With Heavy Losses of Troops. PAUL?, Oct. 15. Although the fall of Ostend appears to have become a certainty the German sweep of the northwest coast to the west has been circumvented by the allies in driving a wedge between the army of Gen. von Reseler and the forces of Generals von Kluck and von Foehm which compose tho German right of the main line of the Invader? in France. Definite information from official sources regarding tho movements and the strength of tho armies engaged is lacking because of the excessive strin gency of tho censorship inaugurated with the development o the move ment in the department da Xord in Franco and west Flanders; in Relgium, whe re. the two great armies are report ed to have met in a great pitched bat tle the greatest of tho war in which the fighting already is reported as severe. The official communique issued at Bordeaux, at midnight tonight, re ports among other gains along the whole front the capture of Estaires, 13 miles west of Lille and on the north bank f the Lys. Pig Gain Indicated. This taken in connection with the previously reported occupation of Ypres and today's unofficial announce ment that the allies have retaken Lillo indicates remarkable adantago gain ed by the allies during the two days fighting. Ypres is across the Belgian frontier and the allies front now ex tends from Arras, through Armen ticres to Ypres. Fifteen miles west of the line lie3 Hazebrouck 'and 2 0 miles behind it is Cassel where the Germans for a week by furious caval ry charges have been trying to smash the allied lines. The occupation of the new French and British positions shows that the Germans have been driven back just this distance to the northward and that the allies are moving straight north to givo battle to the Antwerp beleaguring army which is moving to the westward. Northeast of this position the Ger mans have made a corresponding ad vance which is part of the converging movement upon Ostend. The army from Antwerp not only has occupied Bruges, only 15 miles from Ostend on the east, but has es tablished a line swinging in an arc to the south and then to the west with the vanguard of the German army oc cupying Thourout and Dixmunde, the latter but ten miles from the coa-st and to tho southwest of Ostend. In Thielt, 15 miles southeast of Bruges, a large force of Germans has appeared and at least 100,000 of the invader are reported to have occupied Ghent. It is these two forces in great strength, but lacking elaborate en trenchments and. fortifications that mark the battle of the Aisne as one of tho most stubborn struggles in tho history of the war, that are reported to have come in contact near the Bel gian border of vast proportions which will decide the German plan to ad vance against the French channel ports. On the left bank of tho Lys tho Germans have been forced to abandon all their positions according to official announcement from Bordeaux and in the vicinity of Ins and between Arras and Albert the French have made con siderable progress. The continued ad vance of the allies in this direction in dicates that the German offensive here has ben definitely checked. An index of the severity of the engage ments fought in the region of Arras is the report published today by the France du Nord that between 12,J0u and 15,0uO Germans were lost wnen surrounded in the marsh land in the immediate vicinity of Arras. Bond Kir d Cathedral. A telegram from Bordeaux says that the Germans have recommenced ihe bombardment of th? cathedral at Rheims while official dispatches re cord the capture of the German trenches north of Ilheims by the allies. Tonight's bulletin says the French hi.ve succeeded in advancing about two kilometers to the r.crth and east of Ilheims. The French have moved forward toward Craonre from Berry a.u bac and north of Prunay in the di rection of Bein. Further successes are claimed by the French war office on the heights of the Meuse and ia the "Woevre re trion. principally to tho south of ,t. Mihiel and near -ilarchoville. Between the Meu and the Moselle furious at tacks by the Germans to the southeast of Verdun were repulse-d and the French have been able to advance seme distance to the south of the road from Ycr&ua to iletz. The Day's War Developments In lYanci? and lUdgiuin Officially announced alrtes have taken Estaires in advances north of the river Lys. French war odice claims advantage in lighting north and east of Rheims on heights of Meuse and south of St. Mihiel and near Marehoville in the Woevre. UnolMcially stated allies h.tvo re taken Muelhausen and Altkirch. Desperate lighting in department du Xorde in France and V" .t Flanders over tho Franco-Belgian border with movements of troops and their strength hidden by strictest censor ship. Germans occupy Primes, but l.r miles from Ostend; also have reached Thielt, 15 miles southwest of Bruges and strong forces of vanguard are in Thourout and Dixmunde, while at Ghent 100,000 Germans are unoili cialiy reported to have concentrated. German occupation of Ostend nv.it ter of but few hours, declare experts. Unofficially reported Lille again has been taken by allies. Between 10.000 and 15.000 Germans lost in lighting in marsh land near Aras according to French newspaper report. Emperor William's headquarters of ficially declared to have "moved far ther into France". Imperial chan cellor of Germany at Brussels with his staff. In Russia and lat ltnssJa Petro grad officially states fighting still pro ceeds near Warsaw. Berlin general staff says lines of communication be tween Warsaw and Ivangorod have been cut by Germans. Rome dispatch .says Russians have defeated Austro-Gcrman force at War Sit w. Russian general staff says Russians defeated Austrian column south of Przemysl with heavy losses to Aus trian s. IiONDOX Nearly all mcmbois of ro5al family leave for Sandringham, 10-0 miles to the north of London. Flight attributed by some to fear of German air raid. British cruiser Yarmouth, admiral-! ty announces, sunk Hamburg -An-'' ! ican liner Marl: mnn .. ta): i r" oners near Sumatra, Lisbon Partial mobilization of Portuguese army began preparatory to joining: with the allies. DEMOCRATS HMLY .IT NEW CARLISLE C. A. Hagerty and Dan Pyle Principal Speakers Work men's Compensation Act in Illinois and Michigan Called Failure. The questioi of tho practicability of a workme's compensation act was one of the principal points in tho ad dress made by Charles A. Hacerty, democratic nominee for stato repre sentative at a meeting of New Carlisle democrats held Thursday night. In addition to Mr. Hagerty, a number of county candidates and Chairman Ru dolph Ackermann attended the meet ing from wsouth Bend. liain prevent ed many from being present but a large crowd had collected when the party from this city reached New Carlisle. In referring to the question of a workmen's compensation law Mr. Hagerty told of tho committee which was appointed ly the leKi.slature to investigate tho problem, which will report at the next session of the as sembly. The speaker pointed out that this law in Illinois and Michigan has not proven as practical im was ex pected, giving illustrations from his own experience in different cases. He said that he was in favor of all pro gressive labor legislation and would support such movements as tended to make more comfortable the employed class. . That the democratic legislature has been progressive In its actions wax asserted by Mr. Hagerty who com mended the abolition of the fellow servant law and assumption of iis', doctrines by the assembly. The ad ministration of President Vilon was also dwelt upon by the speaker who declared that the manner i:. which tho many and delicate affairs of the na tion have been conducted under dem ocratic government Is a credit to the principles of the party and to the pres ident. Mexican Situation IMxh-nI. Free trade will forever exi?t unbss the republicans should arain return to power and act unwisely s;dd Mr. Hagerty who asserted that democratic policy in this respect has been proven far better than high protection as un der republican administration. Pres ident Wilson proved his efficiency by controlling the Mexican situation and proving that his object in interfering was for the benefit of mankind and for ; no other purpose, .declared the speak er. Bv averting war the chief exec utive saved the nation from a horrible condition and has made this country the most stable in the universe at the present time. A number of other questions were discussed by Mr. Haiu-rty: other short talkifcEinsr made by different nomi nees o-n the county ticket who were present. D.'in Pple also spoke upon conditions throughout the countrv at the present time showing the mfali- iCu.NTI.VUi:i) ON PACi: THRBF.) oMbk "pip FfiR7 Mb rula a Meulhausen and Altkirch re captured After Heavy Fight ing Losses to Germans Re ported Very Heavy. ADMIRALTY RECORDS NAVAL SUCCESSES I . Kaiser Said to be Transporting Troops From Eastern tar Front For New Advance French Capital. IOXDON', Oct. 1 J. Th Fvrr-d have recaptured Muclliau-tn .in 4 . kircli, according to n diJ' ileh f Basel. Switzerland, transmMtVa '. . Fschange Telegraph Co. by Fs respondent in Rome. Thi.? M't . savs the German lo.'-ses v.ero fo 1 that the enemy w:ls compelled to 150 motor cars o carr off t wounded. Both these positions had been taks and retaken repeatedly In the f:ght'.n,Sv in Abr.ce-Iorraine. iV Naval successes were recorded . an ojliclal statement by tbe British admiralty which says that th Brit:.ah light cruiser Yarmouth, on of th swiftest on duty in the p.ist Vr:cb today sunk tho Iinbur:-Arncri'aa linfr Mnrkoman'a i r-r..iir d tb' : o" i . o i ' ' . '.f 3 r m . ' , u.. A smail Geitaun x which a. ncting ns a wireless relay nation f . the German cruiser Kmden wa-s cap tured. Sixty prisoners of war are f ported aboard the Yarmouth. The Creek steamer Pomtoporos also was taken by a British warship. Movement a J "allure. From the trend of reports fron th Belgian scene of operations it Is be lieved here that the Crrman encir cling movement in tho direction of the North sea channel h;u met with failure. It is understand that tho Bel gian and British forces at Ostend have met with success in their at tempt to form a junction with th French to tho south of tho threatened eoat city and in an enRagemeni; which was precipitated by their south erly advance succeeded In holding their own cgainst overwhelming Ger man forces. A new dispatch from Copenhagen says that the kaiser, satisfied that t"a Russians are not making progress in the eastern field is transfenlnK' a larjro number of troops to the west for a new advance upon Paris. Fmperor TVlllIam's headquarters, according to nn ofilial statement from Berlin, have bn moved "far ther Into Frnnce" and the imperial oharv?ellor. Herr von lethrr.nn Holiweg, is reported to have arrived in Brussels with Ills suit. Nearly all the members of the Brit ish royal family have left Jy-irdnn for Sandringham which Is lf0 miles north of London. Two special trains trans ported the royal lamily and sult One report was that feir of a Carman air raid prompted Fine Ceorce and Queen Mary to leavo Bor.don. Partial mohllizatlon of th Portu guese army was bepun today, areord Ing to b'.fbnn advices. trar.Fmitte, from Madrid In rtnilripatiori of Portu gal Joinlntr the allb-. Preparations continue to rr-ard nrrair.st an atrial raid upon London and today all tho bars of th rltv were ordered to olns beginning Oet. 10 at 10 p. m. In normal time th caf s aro open until 12. HIGH SCHOOL DEBATERS BEFORE CIVIC CLUB l)i-ni-. Feasibility of Fishth Grad In South Fml of City OiTicrrs For Year TTloelod. An ir.t'-rt-.in? do.nte :L t h o jo ti an of an eighth grade in the r-outw end of the city, by members of hih school debating obih. ft'jrrd the oj.en'.nir prncrram of the Bir.colr: "ivio club, at the Bir.eoln school or Thursday night. The debate folio e-d the appearar.ee before the common eo ir.ei! nd the board of educator, during the fore part of th year, of a committee from the Henry StTWikf-r district asking for the eaMlhmeut of an eighth grade In that section. The rm-n who too.; part :n tr.o batt wer John I'd" T-aT. ar.d Bobert Happ on the affirmative and Carl Prell and Walter Phclan on th negative. No Vcision was rendered, rut the jforttlmrr.t of th a-jriiTiof seemed to be with th affirmative a tbr- prop! of the Lincoln district a.r strong supporters of tho project. F. B. Partus o ty. has arrived in the c.ty to t:vke char re ef all public revocation artivltlrs no a short talk on "Bre.ition." H dwelt on some of the poj-i-iMHties tha could be evolved from the rog-.:lar procrr-im of work. Officers Tt the year, w ere ''. err d as f.dlow: 1". T). P.ex. presi --it : Mr. F. IV B . i rreident; !r. Spoor. Secretary. Piano s--!os by th l P.uth Snyder and Oladys Tdurr.iv w r" I leasing fe iti;re of the program. 8