Newspaper Page Text
i "ix i day, DEcraium I.
NEXT GOVERNOR OF NEW YORK ADMITS HE LIKES TO SEE GOOD HORSE RACING Bureau Organizes Branch to Direct Mothers With Refer ence to Health, Games and Play of Children. YHfc. SOUTH BEND NEWS-TIMES UNCLE SAM HELPS HOI EDUCOT WASHINGTON', Iec.4. ".-Vnd Ml the information you can to these mothers. We ar- : miles' from a doctor. o many women die." "Many women in this district live from to lU'i miles from a physi cian." Appeals like these received by tho Ijurcau of education throughout the United States in the past year indi cate tho need which mothers, espe cially in remote distric ts, fel for ad vice in the care and training of their children. In recognition of these needs the home-education division of the bu reau of education has Lecn establish ed. Its objects are: "To help parents in the home edu cation of their children with reference to health, camcs and play, early men tal development, and formation ofj trior.ll habits." Also " to interest boys bov.H and irirls who have left school' and are still at home." The method is "by directing their home reading and study; and to further the educa tion of the parents in the home." To accomplish this the bureau of education cooperates with the na tional congress of mothers and parent teacher associations, with a view to reaching as many homes as possible. A series of bulletins on home edu cational problems has been prepared and parents desirin.fr advice in child nurture and home making may receive i. from the bureau. As a basis for further work the home-education division has obtained a carefully selected list of women in all parts of the United States to co operate in extension of opportunities to all parents lor education in homo making'. County superintendents of schools were asked to furnish the names of women in their communities who could be depended upon for a certain amount of initiative and leadership. Ciet 10,M0 Names. Through the efforts of 1,593 wo men thus selected and from other sources, tho bureau has been furnish ed with nearly 40,000 names of moth ers who feel tho need of information on the care and home training of children .and it is with these 40, 000 mothers that a beginning has been made. The bulk of the requests are for held in the problems of home making and the care of children. The mothers ask the bureau for help in choosing; literature, in reading courses for themselves and their children. They ask for bulletins on "home matters, material for home study for boys and girls; literature on moral training; books suitable for children who have completed the common t chool course; methods of bringing to gether the homo and the school; sug gestions for forming1 sewing and cook ing classes; and information neces rary for forming parcnt-teachcr asso clatiom. Some of the states, through packet libraries and by other means, aro reaching theso people who aro with out access to the usual sources of in formation. No Kflort to "Krai-It Mothers. In most localities, however. no effort Is made to reach the mothers them elves with tho facts that are essen tial to the sound development of the children and tho home. It is in this Held that the home rducation division plans to do its work, not by Interference with local condi tions, hut a.s a clearing house of in formation for ttate and local author ities. I.n connection with the foregoing CJov. McCreary of Kentucky recently announced the appointment of a state illiteracy commission and tho beginning of a campaign to eliminate illiteracy from his state. A thousand volunteer teachers spent the latter part of the summer at work in the "moonlight schools" teaching Kentucky's l'OS.000 adult illiterates how to read and write. r y N- "4 : -- WV - r h --v --y -iVv.. l y, sr , , ; f "' , - 1 1 i f s- . -',! t'' : . - ...Vft' : ' '.: ' .'. :'. ;. v'i-,'i s i --' ' "vv: i ;' ' - ' "i y ' ' '-. - J- - ' ;' - S " ' V" '. : -v .-. .-.t ,--v v y 'i, o' ...-'. ? v.' -wvv'. ' i n-x .v-.'.v-.--..-;.? . , j 'A-.v.. .'-.: -c-., f,-j' '-' - r:-.-'v V. 'i .V v-;,i';--5-T;U-' . - "' . :. , -. ' . ; -s . . . . . . 1: ;-. : . - .. -4 : V-'' -: Ki ; C w " -" s;i.-rv:. y.; .,.-: (;.": x- I'.iXt h" ?- i-.'v v? : V - : iJZt:-- ' 5 r V". r r- . -- .1 v.V - .. . rlV - ,. - - i - V 4 - - -r.;J ciiaulus s. wirmiAX. NEV YORK. "I like to see a good horse race," said Governor-elect Charles i. "Whitman of New York state to an interviewer today. Then he added: "Rut, of course, the law prohibits gambling, and I am always in favor of enforcing the law." From this remark racing men hore aro deducing the inference that Mr. Whitman will not be illiberal on the subject of sports and a new era of racing brilliancy is predicted. Kxtra fine carnations, 4 0c a dozen, Saturday. All colors. Reyer Moral Co. Advt. TRY NEWS-TIMES WANT ADS MEXICAN LEADERS MAY-GET TOGETHER "WASHINGTON, Dec. 4. Georgo Carothers, Mr. Bryan's special agent with the forces of Gen. Yilla, is with the Villaista generals at Cuernavaca, a suburb of Mexico City, endeavoring to bring about a conference between Gens. Zap;;ta and Villa. (Jut of this conference department ollicials expect some delinite agree ment which may restore order at the Mexican capital, although there is still ahead then, they say, the elimi nation of Gen. Carranza, who has es tablished his government at Vera Cruz, and is backed by a large army which Is fed from the revenues of the port of Vera Cruz. The department is informed that on Nov. lS Carranza and his chief military aide, Clen. Aguilar. were at Tezuitlan. The dispatches to the de partment describing conditions in the city of Mexico, say: "The Zapatistas, very mcagerly clad, some being barefooted, patrolled tho city and the army of the north is encamped in the suburbs." Other dispatches to the department say that good order prevails at Ciudad Porliro Diaz and at Monterey. George Coler, an American citizen of San Antonio, charged with commit ting political offenses, has "been given the liberty of Monterey" and may soon have "complete liberty." A shortage of corn, beans and rice is reported from the districts of Monterey. VILLA AT CAPITAU JUAREZ, Mexico, Dec. 3. Gen. Villa entered the palace at Mexico City. Thursday night at the head of 5.000 of his northern veterans, according to a telegram received by Tomas Or nelas, commander of the Juarez gar rison. The entry was made with Kmiliano Zapata, Provisional Pres't Gutierrez and the Zapata troops who were in the suburbs. Guayamas, the commanding port on the west coast of Mexico, was cap tured by Gen. Ramon Iturbe, com manding1 the Carranzaista troops, ac cording to Information received from Nognles, Sonora, Thursday. A tight between American filibust ers who were escorting an ammuni tion train across the line occurred Thursday near Palomas, Sonora. and three Americans iire reported killed. Villistas attacked the train, losing one man. The ammunition was captured. Extra fine carnations, 40c a dozen, Saturday. All colors. Beyer Floral Co. Advt. With the comnletion of present railway improvements in Manchuria, the trip from London to Japan will be reduced from fourteen days to twelve. Extra tine carnations, 4 0c a dozen, Saturday. All colors. Reyer Floral Co. Advt. v - - 3girv On the Seas r. 1J l i tl M li1 -v" V dT, witli the U. S. Navy Cans of ft " Jm VI Li A' t f I I 1,509,000 M MOTlii (Unsweetened Sterilized) Ordered by United States Government After Severe Tests Uncle Sam Rigidly Safeguards The Health of His Seamen. The Commissary Department of the United States Government, realizing that the physical fitness of our Navy Itfen in peace or at war, could not be maintained by the use of a milk that was subject to the slightest possibility of decomposition, or dered tests made of concentrated milks. Sunset Evaporated Milk Was Se lected and 1,500,000 Cans Ordered. And on all of Uncle Sam's Dreadnaughts, Cruisers, Destroyers, Submarines, etc., Sunset Milk is served on the mess tables of the Jackies and in the Officers' quarters. It v is also used in H cooking and baking on board ship. v ' - v For Sale at Of the 1,500,000 Cans Not a Single One Was Returned as Imperfect This remarkable record is impressive. If an evaporated milk withstands the severest tests of all use on board ship, subject to climatic changes and a hundred other con ditions unknown in ordinary use it is the safest milk to use in your home. Being Unsweetened and Free From Artificial Preservatives and containing nothing but pure Cow's milk reduced to creamy consistency by evaporation and later thoroughly sterilized and sanitarily canned, it is fret from all dangers that constantly menace milk deliv ered by dairymen. Sunset Evaporated Milk once tried is usually used for all purposes, All Grocers. NATIONAL GROCER CO., WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTORS, SOUTH BEND. mmmmm r. ay NEWS-TIMES WANT ADS BRING RESULTS Jnlow We By MRS. JULIAN HEATH, President of National Housewives' League. SOMKWHKRB on the statute book there is a law that covers nearly everything that ought to bo corrected. The trouble Is that the laws are not enforced and there has heretofore been no known way to have the laws enforced. Th National Housewives League has, I think, at last discovered the key to tho prob lem. In our ficht for pure food and cold storage abuses we were met with the discour aging announcement by the New York State Board of Health that they would like to enforce the law but could not promise to do so because they did not have inspectors enough. Tho women of the Housewives' League at once offered their services without charge to the State Board of Health to act as inspectors and see that the law was enforced. This offer was accepted and the women of the House wives' League now serving throughout tho city as inspectors without coat to the city or State, and at last the law is being enforced. The wide application and importance of this has not et been perceived. I believe that this action by the women cf the Housewives' League will have far-reaching results. We havo opened the way for the enforcement of the law in every direction. If such a man as the late Commissioner Waldo will not use his 11.000 pclieeraen to en force the law we can make it so uncomfortable for such a police commissioner by making our selves citizen Inspectors that he will be com pelled to do his duty. If a man like Waldo should again become the head of the police de partment we now know a way to see that tho laws ar enforced. "We haven't sufficient inspectors or police men to cod- with the situation'' Is tho stock Way excuso given by inefficient officials whenever the existence of public abuses which they have failed to correct is called to their attention. The answer is a familiar one to every one who has ever had extensive dealings with pub lic departments. Undoubtedly it Is true in some cases. Tho unfortunate part about it, however, is that even public spirited citizens have been wont to ac cept it as final. The object of this article i3 to point out that it need not be final at all. The housewives' League, at any rate, has found a way to overcome the difficulty, and it is one which might be applied by public-spirited bodies cr citizens wherever public officials de clare their staff is adequate to enforce the laws. As I have said, the stock excuse given by Inefficient public officials is often more or less justified. Quite frequently the law which creates a public department expressly provides for the number of inspectors or other officers to be employed by it. Sometimes that number proves inadequate, and the work of that par ticular body then becomes Inefficient. Hither to the only plan considered feasible in such a contingency is to have tho law amended, but the process of amending a law i3 necessarily flow, even when any one shows suicfi'ient in terest in the matter to fight for it More often, however, the chief obstacle In the way of enforcing a useful statute or. other regulation lies in an insufficient appropriation. Lack of funds means lack of inspecotrs, and lack of inspectors means non-enforcement cf the law. The abuses the law was intended to correct flourish because offenders go ucprose cuted. An excellent case in point Is that of the cold- storage provision which the New York State Board of Health passed a couple of years ago. Theso were aimed at the abuses of the cold etorago business from which the whole country had lone been suffering. Tho regulation in Cop J ri( to question required retailers who dealt in cold storage provisions to expose a sign in their stores Indicating that fact. But New York's Su. Board of Health had only ten inspectors Lo cover the whole State of New York, and if was considered almost useless to attempt any serious enforcement of this very necessary law. The result was that instead of attempting to enforce the law partially, which would no doubt have led to accusations of discrimina tion, the Health Board decided to repeal It al together, and it was repealed. There was a case of a good law being taken ofT the statute books simply because the rich State of New York hadn't provided for a suffi cient number of Inspectors to enforce it. This situation came to the attention of the Housewives' League a month or so ago, and we at once decided to remedy it if possible. Our first step was to seek the re-enactment of the Health Board regulation. V'What Is the use of having the regulation on the statute books" we were asked, "when q haven't sufficient Inspectors to see that it is complied with?" Then it occurred to us that the situation might perhaps be saved, if the State Board would accept some of our public-spirited mem bers as "volunteer inspectors." If tho State couldn't or wouldn't appoint sufficient inspect ors to carry out its own laws it ought at least, we argued, accept the services cf citizens who were willing to undertake the work gratuitous ly. As men volunteer for active service in time of war, we were willing to volunteer for active service in time of peace. Much to our surprise and gratification, our proposal was favorably received. The State Board of Health at once re-enacted the regula tion and appointed four of our members as vol unteer inspectors, with the same powers ar.d duties as the regular inspectors, who were paidN by the State. Similar progress has been made in at leat two other States. In New Jersey, Miss Kdith Deschler, of New Brunswick, head of the New Iht, li14, by th Star Compiay, Great IJiiuin iajhu 'I A' ' -4 Jersey Housewives' League, has b-en ipp::i:ii ed a volunteer inspector cf the State iioid of Health there, and Mrs. Alfred O. Dunk, cf Detroit, head of the Michigan Housewives League, has obtained a similar appointment in the Michigan State Department of Health. Obviously this plan is capable of general ap plication. There is no reason at all wy the Housewives' League should be the onl. public-spirited body to avail itself of a really so universally needed. Take, for Instance, the evil of unsaitary barber shops. This, I understand, is prevalent throughout the country despite the fact that almost every State has excellent laws aimed against it. In New York the Sanitary Code provides that barber shops shall be conducted in accordance with regulations adopted from time to time by the Board of Health, and the regulations which they have adopted would serve the pur pose excellently if they were enforced. I am told, however, that there are very few barber shops in which one or more of "these regulations are not violated every single day in the year, and diseases are contracted and disseminated a3 a result, yet so far as I know there has r.ever been a single prosecution for violation of this provision. If you a?.c the local Health Department why no real effort has been made to enforce the Sanitary Code in this respect, you will be told that the limited number of inspectors makes any real crusade against unsanitary harbor shops impossible. Here, then. Is an excellent opportunity for public-spirited men to serve the community. If they will not or cannot secure the enforce ment of these, important sanitary regulations in their private capacities, let them apply for appointment as "volunteer inspectors." Com missioners of the different municipal depart ments may hesitate at first to employ volun teer Inspectors, but once they admit that they have not sufficient men to execute the laws themselve3, they will be in no position to resist very strenuously a movement on the part of reserved. - 1 JiXiUkli. Cw j --w' vV.l pt'.blic-spiriJul citl.-.s to supply th'-.m gratui tously. When thr- House?. iwv League was orjablzed a few yv.rs ft,"o to "-jpliold the enforcement of laws which a;T ' : Koi mij-pIIcs, the lamlly health, ti.e cost of living and to sicare further legislation, when necessary, toward that end," its slogan was "every housewife her on In spector." Obviously that slogan suuge-sts the ileal con dition. If every housewife and every citizen were to interest themselves in the eniorce ment of laws made lor public protection we wouldn't nerd any oioials at all. But, as It is, the work of protecting the many is left to the public-spirited few, and for the present, at any rate, relief from public abuses must come mainly as a result of pro?p"utlons instigated by paid oM'icials or volunteers. There is no rTa.-on why the authorities should turn up tbelr noses at the proff.-red assistances of private Individuals, provided, of course, that discrimination is u.--d in a;: ointlng them. In the cae of the Ho !-'".vives' League mem bers v:o have bom appointed Inspectors In the State Boaid of Health, the utmost pre cautions were used In selecting them. W realized that a very Important principle was at stake and the success or failure of this experi ment w ould determine, its f lture application. For that reason v.e tender' d the names of women who we were certain were competent, earnest and public-spirited enough to j rove satisfactory to tho Stat- authorities, ami we all agreed that the volunteer lnsj.ectorf sriould be under the exclusive direction of the D03rd. The same care would have to be taken la selecting volunteer inspectors for other de partments. It would never do to t;rant au thority to private citizens Indiscriminately. With proper precautions, however. I believe volunteer workers would form a valuable Ad junct to every over-worked department la the country, and I hope to see the principle wblci the New York State Hoard of Health has been wise enough to adopt eneially appHeC throughout the country.