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LARGEST SWORN CIRCULATION IN NORTHERN INDIANA.
FTERMOOM I lA Edition Tin: wi:Tni:n. INDIANA f7lm:fty to night; warmer in extreme northcrst portion; Sun day unsettled, probably rain. lower Michigan Cloudy tonight and Sun day; pro!, ably rain in ex treme southwest portion Sunday. READ, THE 'WANTS' o a VOL. XXXII., NO. 51 SOUTH BEND, INDIANA, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 1915. PRICE TWO CENTS SOUTH BENB NEW S-TJMES. O O WILSON PRESSES BUTTON OPENING 'FRISCO FfilR Boom of Giant Guns and Din of Thousands of Noise-Making; Instruments Marks Opening- of Great Exposition. CLOUDS THREATEN TO LOOSE FLOOD OF WATER Gray Skies Fail to Daunt 50, 000 San Franciscans Head ed by Gov. Johnson Who Form Procession to Grounds. SAN FRANCISCO. Fel. 20. -Tho Pan.irna-I'tclfic International exposi tion S'an Francisco's $50,000,000 fair was opened to the "world today under cloudy skies ?hich threatened almost momentarily to loo.e a i!od of water. Amid the boom of giant guns, the shrieking of tens of thousands of whistles, and tho ear-split ting- din of noise-making instruments of every description, the 200 gates leading to the wonder city were thrown open to the thousands of per sons who have been gathering here for the pa-st 10 days to take part in the opening ceremonies. A few minutes after S o'clock, when the gates opened, more than iO.OOO San Franciscans formed in order on Van .Ness a v. and started on their march to the exposition grounds. 'I ho procession was headed by Ilirani "V. Johnson, governor of California, and James Jtolph, Jr., mayor of San Francisco. Following them in organ ized bodies wero the members of civic organizations, fraternal orders, clubs jtnd thousands of individual marchers men. women and children. At the fair grounds Gov. Johnson, i-V.f Kf'iph ract"lhor officials were jr'rivert the piV3uleri'djfJ' directors -L thi cxpoi-ftiori. -The ceremonies ill 1 K . xrr;Adtahd;; K's.-in. with tho rt: dition of 'The Slur .aiiglLa'.t'an- ncr," accompanied. by xt-chonls cf auO The invocation was delivered by the. JU. Kcv. Fdward J. llanna, followed -by the.. reading of a' psalm by.-JIabbl "Martin ileyer. Addresses weremade by Pres't "Charles C. loore, Scc'y of the Interior lYanklin Lane, Gov. Jliram Johnson, Mayor James J. Jlolph, jr., and other otticials of the exposition. IUal Ceremonies at Nhiii. Then at hi'h noon the real ccrc- monies attendant upon the opening of the "jewel city" began. Prcs't Mooro telephoned to tho proshlcnt of the lniteil states at tho white house in Wasliinpton, that the exposition was eompleted and ready to be opened. 1'res't Wilson immediately pressed a button and' completed an electric tir- nit over a telegraph line to the ladio telegraphic station now being operated by the United Stf.ies navy department at Tuckerton. J. This automativally worked the relay key in the Tuclcerton station and instant Iv powerful electric waves, generated by the Federal Telegraph Co. radio nppartus ilew L',000 miles across the continent, and were received at tho fair grounds on two long antennae wires sireicnca iroin uu- iotr ui jewels. From these tho electric cur- tent was transposed and sent throuicho'U the exposition grounds to the machinery hall, where the mhln door opened, and to the fountain of nergy which began to play. Exposition otticials estimated that by midnight tonight L'.'.u.tMtO people will have passed through the turn stiles should the weather be anything like favorable. War's Fffet t Not (ireat. As to the effect of the war on the fair, it wilt be felt only slightly. In the direction of diminished European attendance and European exhibitions. F.ut these will be more than compen sated for by the increased attendance from the western world. The great army of tourists which every summer pours across the Atlantic, Californians know, will march this year to the Gnlden Gate for its holiday. The exposition consists of 250 build ings In three main groups lying in garden plots and sunken pools. It Mretches in a glittering band half a mile wide along the y. nit hern shore of San Francisco bay. It has cost $:jo,imii--,(.oo. of this $12. pnO.COO was raised by this city, $5,000, C00 by the state of California, and $2,500000 by the 5s California conn tie.". The foreign ami state participa tion represents $10,j0o,ouo, the amuse ment zone $10.000. COO and the outlay bv individual exhibitors another $10, C 0 0.000. There are S0.00 individual exhibit ors represented, with displays ranged nlor.i; IT miles of exhihit aisles in. 11 of the main exhibit palaces. There r.re other miles of exhibits in the buildings of the states and the pavil ions of the nations ard a nhie-acre horticultural garden, opart f'om the five acres in the palace of horticulture. Forty-live foreign nations are rep resented, many of them having in creased their space sirico the war. Forty-three of the state and territor b ? of the Fnited States are repre pentf.I. of the nations participation ranges from the $l..oo,ouo appropria tion of the Argentina Republic to J50.0'.". of the states outside of Cal ifornia. New York bads ith approx imately $ 1,00'.'. e 00. including the ap propriation .f Nev York city for a building and participation. Twenty eight states ar.d territories have otlieial building". Twonty-four foreign na tions have pavilions. In addition to the representation by nations and states, another eons-idi-raMe iinit of representation is that of the 5s comi ties of California, all of. which have Individual display of pro'ducts in tho (CONTINUED UN PAGE EIGHT). Austrian Field Guiy Outside Przemysl; Cossacks Using Horses For Protection 1 ' : I t ' : i! r 'Mr -V. .V. Above: Since big guns came in Przemysl and other Tjevlcged towns ar by masked batteries of the heaviest g hold gun hammering away at the Ru Below: American Indians uted hind that protection in their frontie tactics against the Germans, in the p his horse lying down. to shield him, ll FRENCH ARTILLERY Northwestern France Rocked Beneath1 Crash of Battle for 23 Weeks Germans' Re sume Attacks at Ypres. ' PARIS, Feb. 20. "Dcspito stormy weather prevailing between Feb. 7 and Feb. 17 the French artillery gain ed brilliant rcsini over that of tho Germans," says an oflicial eye witness narrative issued by the French war of fice today. Continuing, tt says: "Our ammunition was supciior in both equality and bulk to that of the Germans. The progressive spirit of the French infantry won it successes in the northern part of Champagne, Alsace and the Argonne. Prisoners and materials that have fallen into our hands afford convincing proofs of our successes." For exactly 2.1. weeks northeastern Franco has rocked beneath the crash of battle. The mighty engagement, which now extends over a line stretch ing from the North sea to the Swiss frontier, began just 23 weeks ago to day as the battle of the Aisne when the retreating posts of Gen. Alexander von Kluck made their stand upon the heights north of Soissons. Since that time the battle front has extended over the territory of two more na tions Pelgium and Germany and some of the fiercest lighting that has marked the course "of tho gigantic conlliet has taken- place in wct Flan ders and Alsace-Lorraine. Germans lltsuiuo Attark. Official liispatches from the north state that the Germans have again resumed their attacks against the Eritish forces lying near Ypres. It is believed in some quarters that this is tho opening of a strong offensive movement by the Germans, who evi dently hope to strike some hard blows while preventing the transfer of any more English troops from the Rritish isles to the coast of France by means of the submarine blockade. An effort of the Germans to gain a position dominating tho pass of Eou homme in the Yosges ended in failure. Tho Germans managed to get a foot hold upon hill No. C07. but were at tacked by a company of French and put to tlight. Although the French were outnumbered the German forces engaged in this action were reservists, unusued to the terrors of battle, and they tied before tho rushes of the sea soned French veterans. An artillery duel is in progress near the Eys river and also ntar Rheims. In Champagne, near Perthes, Souain and Peausejour. repeated attacks are being made by both sides. Every kind of operations known to warfare is In use there. Sapping and mining op erations are follwed by long bom bardments and infantry charge. Snipers are engaged all the time. A aeroplane attacks are frequent. At times, under the glare of flashlights and the fitful Hashes of. bursting sht lis lighting develops in the dark ness. Pig gUns, mine throwers, high angle guns and every other weapon possible to create destruction is In u-e. BRIDGEPORT, Conn. Declaring that his wife could not bo persuaded to stay home nights because of her craze for tanso dancing and "movies" Leslie Bailey has sued for dvorcc. ' Oil GEHNKNS f SV.T W-v r YvS, ",-l' 'fii.--. : - : -A , -. A; .. -.s r .2 : 1 . r- '-6 ? Z ' ? iCX' ' ? i7'4;' n-v V M action, forts and masonry forti'icati ons have become obsolete. Therefore e defended miles .outside their gates by armies in Intrenched positions and uns that can be assembled. The photograph shows a large calibre Austrian sslan advanced lines, which are endeavoring to take the city. to make their mustangs lie down in front of them and shoot from be r Patties with the whites. Now the Cossacks of Siberia are using the same lains of Poland and East Prussia. Th e photograph shows a cossack trooper ring on a German outpost party? DISCLAIMER WILL NOT RAISE RESPOftlLIIY UnitelStafes Will Make Reply to Germany's Answer in Shipping Case., AVAIIINGTON, - Feb. 20. Tho United States , will not accept Ger many's disclaimer of responsibility dor Mowing up American merchantmen by German submarines, if anj - be sunk. . This will be made entirely clear in a reply to the German" note to be sent by the United States, it- was learned today. The note will not be belligerent in i manner, . it , was stated, but wiir leave no doubt as ' to the American position. It 'is. expected ' the reply will be sent to the German for eign office early next -week and it is underciood' that Counsellor Lansing of tho state department now is drafting it at the' direction of Pres.'t Wilson. Whether- any further negotiations will be undertaken with the British government as a result of the latter's refusal to prohibit the use of ' tho American flag on British merchantmen- while in the war zone, has not been1 determined. Great Britain, ad ministration otficiala stated, clearly is within-her rights under international law, and probably no further excep tions will be taken by the United States to the practice. One of tho gravest factors in the situation is the threat of Germany to place floating mines In the shipping area surrounding Groat Britain. It was stated by certain officials that there use is a clear violation of The Hague convention and it is likely that this may form a central feature of the American reply to the German note. The action of the British govern ment in closing - the English channel to all travel-is regarded in Washing ton as extremely significant. It means, it was stated, that German submarines already are operating there. LOCALTOflGE REPORT NEARLY FIVE Chamber of Commerce For wards Manufacturers' Report to Canal Engineering Board. Nearly live million tons of miscel laneous frelg.i passes in and out of outh Bend during tho year, accord ing to figures compiled by ec'y Spaulding of the Chamber of Com merce. These figures have been ob tained from the reports made by South Bend manufacturers in answer to the request from Maj. Bonds of the engineering corps working on the pro posed Erfe-Michigan canal. The tonnage report has been for warded to Maj. Bonds at Washington. This tonnage report, similar ones be ing obtained from all the prospective cities on the proposed northern and southern route, will carry much weight with the engineers in deciding on tho linal route. Fort Wayne and Huntington, the cities that lie on the southern route, are leaving no stone unturned in ob taining recognition of their, claims to I the route. Their tonnage report if made public here will be awaited with much interest. According to Sec'y Spaulding several of the local manu facturers did not turn In a report and the total in and out going tonnage would perhaps go over the live million mark. LO RUSSIANS PREDICT CAMPAIGN COLLAPSE Strength ' 6f 'Attacks Against Fortress of Novo'Geortjievsk: Is Decreasing. - ': PETKOGRAD, Feb. 201 Complete collapso of the German campaign in North Poland against tho. fortress of Novo Gcorglevsk, which prevents an attack upon Warsaw from, the north west, was predicted today ;b: Russian military experts. It is announced at the war oihee that the strength of tho German "attacks on the Sierp 'o-Plock front . has perceptibly decreased. Further fighting is expected.. there as the Germans checked by the stubborn defense and deep mud in tne Aug ustowo region, are apparently with drawing troops from the front south of the Niemen river and transferring them to northern Poland. ' Well-informed Russian observers assert that the German drive against the Sicrpcc-Plock front and their at tempts to reach Lomza and Ossowiec constitute the supreme effort of Field Marshal von Ilindenburg to capture Warsaw, the efforts to reach tho Polish capital from the west having entirely failed. German prisoners taken fWest of Warsaw are arriving hero- in great numbers. They assert that Emperor William himself forbade the sacrifice of any more troops in what 'he be lieved to be a hopeless attempt to smash thrdugh the Russian line on the Rzura-Rawka front and forced ven Ilindenburg to change his tactics. Put your ear to the ground and hear the jrood times com ing. BUY IT NOW An optimitio acctmnt of the lmincs- outlook in tin? far wot reached us through It, C. Bridge, branch manager of the Studebaker corporation at Salt Lake City. With wheat -so high," said Mr. Bridge,. "you would natural ly exiKt't the west to Ik nrt)Hr ous, hut you must remember that Utah I not In the wheat lndt. Sn the prosperity of the state must Ie attributed to the general huirieH revival. One part of my Studcbakcr territory does dope n il somew hat on wheat, the Idaho part, and in tliis, di-trlct buines is boom ing' Mr. Bridge is iajin his cus tomary pring viit to the Studo haker plant. EMOC ITS OF SERIATE MEET II SECRET SESSION Last Lap of Legislative Session in Sight and Members Get Down to Business on 'Ad ministration Measures. REGISTRATION BILL IS PASSED BY THE HOUSE Board of Finance Borrows 3400,000 at Two and a Half Percent Money Will Be Re turned With Profit. 3aS3MA'a 69 TH miMi ASSEMBLY from; the news-times U INDIANAPOLIS BUREAU BULLETIN. INDIANAPOLIS, Feb. 20. The senate today under a sus pension of the rules, passed the Maston limited suffrage till, giv ing women the right to vote for all ottices except where thjre is a constitutional provision pre venting. The vote was C7 to three. INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., Feb. 2ft. With the last lap of the 1915 session of the Indiana legislature in sight, the democratic majority members of the senate today got down to business in a secret session in the lieutenant gov ernor': room, and mapped out plans for rushing through administration measures that have been urged by the administration. The senate is in receipt of a petition from several women's organizations in Bluffton asking the enactment of a woman suffrage law before the close of .thin session. tear intcr..TcTErnratrt htl in"' present legislature wn . . taiO4 -iy action looking toward the draining of x - . .2 j. 1 . i i . ' , ... I the" KankiLr-'e river valley. .The Mc Cormiek bill which' has bejm. recom mitted. for further consideration, like ly will not be reported-out in -time for passage even if-the -legislature were friendly to it. If the bilP In. t reported "out it-wilDbe-withan unfavorable re port, -which the senate is expected- to concur in. 'The bill proposes to co operate -with' the state of 'Illinois in improving -the Kankakee river so4hat severar hundred acres ' of '.l;ind about Knox, Ind., and on the Illinois side of .the' state line will be uncovered, and converted' into .valuable farm land.- J'ass Van Nuys Bill. , The senate Friday afternc on passed the Van Nuys bill, appropriating $125,000 for the relief of foot and mouth disease "sufferers." The Kemp-Dragoo registration measure, also providing fcr perma nent registration, passed the house by a vote of 6 2 to 22. This measure was the one agreed on by the joint elec tions committees of both houses. The house then passed tho Rulo "red-light" bill, seeking to provide for the abatement of resorts by action against the property owners, ' by a vote of 36 to 20. State Borrows Money. The new state board of finance, on which. George Bittler sat as state treasurer for tho first important ac tion, today, enade a temporary loan of $400,000 from local banks, to become due June 30, at an interest rate of two.aad a half percent, the lowest ever made by the state. Tho loan was necessary partially because of tho ex penses to the state, from the foot and mouth disease and partially because of an investment of $S0,00) in sisal, the raw material used by the state's prison in making binder ' twine and which will be returned wit'.i a profit to the state next October. The solid democratic majority of the house, seven republicans, includ ing Floor Leader Eschbach and Rep. Judkins, the Ion house progressive, united after an afternoon ,of demo crat oratory, to pass tho Jones state wide primary election bill, by a vote of 05 to 30. It is the general belief that tho bill will be killed in the senate. John R. Jones defended his. meas ure and sa'id it had been drafted to meet the platform pledge of the party made at the last convention of tho democrats. He urpred that contracts, not only of a business nature, but po litical as well, should not te, broken. He had been taught in youth, he said, to keep his ear to tho ground and hear the voice of the 'people. He said the opposition had contended the bill did not come from tne people. Tells Its History. lie then related the histcry of tho primary plank in f.he last convention and said its passage by 1S00 democrats in the convention elicited more ap plause than any other act-on there! The president. W. J. Bryan, and the entire Indiana delegation in congress, save possibly tvo were in favor of such r. bill, he said. He then discussed the. proposal to again submit the primary qjestion to ar referendum. He characterized such an attempt as an insult to the voters of the state. MOTHER AND DAUGHTER ARE BURNED TO DEATH MANCHESTER. N. IL, Feb. 20. Mrs. Prosina Legdas, 60 yeais old, and her daughter, Ouramit, IS years old, were killed in a fire in their lodging house early today. The mother's charred body was found in a third floor hallway. The daughter, was found ;h her bed, where the had been suffocated while asleep. Latest Bulletins From War Zone BERLIN. Feb. 20. (via Am sterdam) The German admiralty announced today that German submarines had successfully opened their campaign against the merchant shipping of France and England in retaliation for Britain's policy of starvation. It stated that the submarine U-16 had been successful in its operations in the Egnlish chan nel, but gave no details as to what it had accomplished. Tho U-16 is one of six vessels whose construction was begun in 1911 12. They wero constructed in secret and are believed to be the most powerful under-water craft in the world. An official announcement that the Zeppelin airships L-3 and L-4 had been lost in a storm off the coast of Denmark caused some dismay today in the camp of the military experts who have long advocated the use of tho Zeppe lins. They asserted, however, that fact that no Zeppelins have been lost as a result of battle in the air had demonstrated the worth of these machines. VIENNA (via Berlin and Am sterdam), Feb. 20. Fighting in the Carpathians is developing into a general battle of great vio lence, it was announced at the war olllce today. The outcome of this conflict is regarded here as being of the greatest importance. The situa tion of the Austrian and German armies is asserted to be highly favorable to their ultimate suc cess. Unofficial estimates of the troops engaged on the Carpathian front fixe the number of Russians at G00.000 and the Austro-Ger-man troops at C75.000, a total of 1,275,00-0. AMSTERDAM, Feb. 20. A Berlin dispatch printed by an Amsterdam newspaper today de clares that the Germans in their great victory In East Prussia cap tured Russian funds of 20.000 roubles, (5127,500.) GIBRALTAR, Feb. 20. The Spanish tleet sailed from Alge eiras for Cathagena today. A tor pedo boat flotilla will be kept on patrol duty along the Riff coast of Morocco. KOENIGSBERG, Germany, (via Bcrlain and Amsterdam,) Feb. 20. Thirty-one men were killed and more than 5o injured yesterday afternoon when an ex plosion wrecked tho Judittem gas Ti-rvrl ; V r. r r 'Great 'Britain's Defense of Use ..' . ofV Neutral: Flags Fails to Change Situation. WASHINGTON, Feb. 20. Great1 Britain's olticial declaration in de fense of the use by British merchant ships of . neutral' Hags today failed to change . the international situation arising from the war zone and Hag questions in the opinion of adminis tration oliicials except that it pos sibly opened theway for further ex change of diplomatic notes between the United States and England and the United States and Germany. At the same time it was admitted that the blowing up by a mine of an American ship with possible loss of American lives might bring the issue to a crisis and the feeling of appre hension still prevailed in otlicial circles. There still was , a wide range of views as to w nat-the next move of this government would be as the white house and state department continued their policy of silence,? but it was be lieved in cme quarters, that Ger many's arguments so far had pre sented no excuse for attacks on ships flying neutral fiag3 without llrst veri fying their character. It was ixusted that the rules of International law re quired that visit and search be em ployed in dealing with all merchant craft. In the matter of tho destruction of a ship by a mine it was pointed out such an incident, while it doubtless would force this government to resort to 'strong measures, would compeb'the United States first to determine which nation was the offender as both Great Britain and Germany appear - to be sowing mines. The; point was empha sized that in matters of international character much' authority was invest ed in the president - and it was be lieved that if "American ships were attacked his action' would be guided largely by tho circumstance in each case. " - ' CLEARINGS SHOW GAIN - SAME-WEEK OF 1914, OUTLOOK IS BRIGHTER An' indication of improvement in business, conditions is noted in the hank clearings -of the current week. For the'first time since the -beginning of the new year' they exceed those of the corresponding week of. 1314. Up until this week the clearings have been falling below those of the cor responding week a year ago -by sev eral, hundred .thousand dollars. Tho figures this week show an in crease of $122,051 over those of the corresponding week in 1914. The to tals for this week not' including Sat urday are $1,530,196; in 1914 they were $1,40S,145. The daily clearings for the current week beginning Feb. 13 are as fol lows: Saturday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday $247,407 34S,r.S3 227.731 219.0f4 l$t;,44 211,1 7tZ Total ...?1.S30,19G IRE'lTESjflfeBE;-: DISPATCHED W U. 8. CALL GDWTRABAND ALL GOODS SENT TO THE GEliS Great Britain Will Issue Proc lamation Putting Ban on Consignments of Every Na ture for Teutons. ENGLAND IS ISOLATED FROM THE CONTINENT No Ships Have Left East Coast Ports Since 6 O'clock Fri day Night Comb Sea for Enemy's Submarines. LONDON, , Feb. 20. All goods con signed to Germany will be declared absolute contraband by the Rrlti'h government. A proclamation to thia effect will be issued within a very short time. All doubt as to the fu ture action of Great Britain has been removed by the note transmitted to the Fnited States which states that the cargo of the American steamer Wilhelmina will be disposed of by th action of a prize court. The note is in effect an emphatic though courteous -warning that Eng land expects no Interference from neutral nations with the policy that it has decided upon as a result of th Gorman government taking control of all food within the empire. This warning is conveyed in a para graph of the no(,. saying that the Hnt ish government confidently expected "such action (a food embargo) will not be challenged on the part of the neutral states by appeals to laws and usages of war whose validity rests on their forming an integral part of that system of international doctrine" which Germany "boasts the liberty and intention to disregard." That Germany bungled in handling the food situation is the assertion made by British experts in interna tional law. They declare that her ar t r,?-i ru p;b'i f e r i n g foodd plae-ir-rit u'ifib r cvrTrfol-nY the government was oe of the gravest errors she has m::dv V .. ' IH'l.ayod Final Action. 'In "this connection it is learned 'that the British government had .already drawn- up. a proclamation placing' an embargo upon' food' consigned to Gcr-. many when it received notification" that Germany bad altered her tanK This caused 'a delay in'Kngland's final action. . ' ' . This, phase .of the situation W treat ed In the note, to' Ihe Unifed'Stat-' with a, .statement that notice lias-just been received , of the -repeal by. Ger man" y of 'article IT. of the German de cree, This article held that a II grain and flour imported intot German aftrr Jan. .31 should be deliverable, orily to certain "organizations under direct gov ernment -control or to- municip.il authorities. . - " Great Britain claims. thatarticle was repealed by Germany in order to "render difficult the .anticipated pro ceedings asuin.-t'the Wilhelmina" an. I that it will be necessary for a pr !.. court to determine how far the osten sible reversal by Germany affect? im ported food. Kngland is Isolated. England is isolated from the contin ent of Kurop today as far as British shipping in concerned. Xo English ships have left east coast ports since o'clock last night and it Is probable that traffic will be held up indefinitely awaiting information from the ;idmir alty that' there is no further danger from German submarines. Reports were received here thi forenoon that n. German submarine had leen sighted off Southampton, headquarters of the transport sen-ire which has been . coin eying British troops to -France, ' but the admiralty declined to atRrm or deny the report. British naval' officers now in Iondon believe that .Germany has from 1". to 20 submarines lurking' ;ff the English coasts. None has yet attempted, how ever, to attack English warships. While the admiralty. has announred that the Norwegian tank steamer Bel ridge, which was crippled off.lo-er yesterday, was torpedopd. ther is an Inrlination ampng naval experts to await nn official - examination of tlT vessel before accepting this state ment. They believe that a torpedo striking the Belridge would have sunk instead of crippled hor and generally accept the. first reports that .she hit a mine. . . Xone of (Yrw Ixvt. The. Beitidpe now on her way to London, having Meft Walmer this morning- in tow. None of the crew of the Behidge was -lost, reparations were made to launch her boat after sh was crip pled, but. this was found . u nr. ere scary. It is unofficially reported that a. tb'-t of -six British and four French sub marines, are combing the English channel in. search of the German submarine U-10. If they rr.me up.m her the first underwater battle in th history of. the world. will follow. Humors circulated here that the U-1G had surreele.l in cutting the lines of the French Cable Go. between Brest and the Fnited States gained in strength today as a result of the fact that aH messages from Fari.s to America -are now transmitted by way of England. Formerlj they were sent direct from Brest. NEW .YORK. Declaring that inter national marriages breed war. Lady Briggs, widow of Sir J hn Henry Brligrs, at the Women's Pence party meeting, urged an international lu'V prohibiting such unions. POFOH KEEPS IE. X. y.Vin-ent Astor h;us ",J'u apple trees frm a I Maryland nursery concern as a stisrt- cr in hU'plan to have the larval crchard in the state.