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SUNDAY, ri:UItUAUY 21, 19 IS.
THE SOUTH BEND NEWS-TIMES i f ' ' , 4 FaraMM StocSc Ralsies; j Gar deiiiirw THE PLEASURES OF COUNTRY LIFE Detailing How a City Bred Woman Who "Just Wouldn't" Think of Going on the rarm, at Last Relented and Became So Enamoured That She Couldn't Think of Leaving the Country. . Interesting bit f litirn.m experien-e m has 'iit iiitu ur li.uitN f'r some thne- i Ir-s-nt'l l''niv. It Is the jccount t ;i;e woiaan'a v'-rWw '!. t!.- farm, a city o:ii.u l uion'l t tlie country with wtron' jrit'-t 1 1 1" ii - tii.it !. wasn't g'hjg to like it jm;i! wlm r-m:tli. l b be 1-ound by the f.oeiniitlons of her freer Iff'. Th puj.r ws pr-i-Tvl ly Mrs. Mary Klizu-f-t!i Al'.ml and read "at a rM--n t nvrtlng f tli.- iiL Joseph .ily (Irunge. IMltur's .V.te. Hy Mary F.li.abcth Ahiard. It was with extreme reluctance that 1 moved to my present home in the country. Trior to that time and several years before we had lived for a. short time on a farm and it proved to be- a disastrous failure, or tragedy, and 1 iftintnibt'r extracting a promise that J might never lie urged to farming again. The promix- was readily given. Time passed very smoothly for a lew years and then I noticed that the leaven was again working. We did not sem to have anything else to eat at meal time hut farm and crops. I helieve I could have set cold potatoes with their jackets on before my hus band and he would not notice the dif ference between that and a well cooked meal. Horn and brought up in the city, I felt that 1 did not belong to the soil and that I had nothing in common a way from the paved streets, electric lights and the satisfaction of being on the visiting list of somo highly cul tured people and a welcome gu'st to parties and pink te:.. Hesides, my husband had recently been elected to a public ottice and the arduous duties of, housework could now be turned over to a servant. That I could then have some pretty clothes and look like somebody and take life easy. Hut there seemed to be no other topic for George to talk about but a farm, and he thought the battle half won, when our boys joined him, so, after repeatedly saying, "I won't, I just won't," I gave my consent only to spend the summers there. We locked up the house in town leaving most of the furniture and I promised myself I would often return. (ur farm was a most dilapidated looking place, and there was every thing to be done buildings to be mved, some torn down some new ones built. Some were worthless and were burned in order t get rid of -a 'Miis and vermin. Old fences lmd to be replaced with new ones, trees to be trimmed and new ones set out -and worst of all. an old smelly bouse that had to be cleaned and s i uhbed and scrubbed. Some days we had as many as 10 men working for u. My husband had to be in town and when the men would ask me who was boss, I told tli fin. my son. When they asked him. be told them I was. So I was con tinually called upon to decide many things. I missed the butcher and ;;ro ery man coming to get my daily order. I missed the bakery all the. food must be prepared by my own hands. We always had a great many callers who came to see how wo look ed on the farm and to partake of some refreshments. So the weeks passed, without any thought of the pleasures of country life. However, a change was stealing owr me and I found myself wonder ing how certain pieces of furniture would look in ceytain plates. At last 1 told husband 1 thought 1 would be perfectly contented if we had all our furniture mo ed out. Ten ears have passed since then 'iiui I hae never seen the day that I wanted to move b.ok to town. In deed. I would consider it a great cal amity if that should be my fate. I never go mi far away but that 1 am nnxious to return. 1 never go fot so short a time but that 1 am glad to get back. It has given me all my greatest pleasures and my keenest jos. It is true, that the city has very many attractions to offer that are de nied to one living in the country. I hoc grand opera and concerts. T love to mingle with the people and aeejnire stone of their manners and polish. I love to attend lectures by noted men or women. 1 love to visit art galleries, and gaze on the work of the master's hand. 1 ho the hurry and bustle ami activity of the city, all of which is within my reach, but cir cumstances on the farm, very often caused me to chance all my pre arranged plans. In doing this I am not always quiet and submissive and the joys of coun try life are forgotten for a while. Hut nothing makes me angrier than to have the men of the family say, oh! ou yiiuht to live in town. You don't "belong in the country." Our worthy lecturer tells us that to live in the eountry and enjoy all its bles-incs, we should loe the eountry and so I think that it all de u nds upon how much joy we have i!i our hearts. How we are tilled with inspiration in the early dawn of a summer day, and as we watch th i ist beams of the sun. we are brought into a fuller and higher conscious ness, of the real meaning of life, and it is then that we realize that if we do lack in some of the refinements. of civilization we have that which is more to be desired, peace with our own souls. The pleasures of country life are manifold and varied. We find them all the way from the down of a little chick to the beautiful perfection of a full-grown horse that was born and raised on the farm and which we love more than we could po-ihly love an automobile. We are so very glad to have our frit mis vlit us. even peddlers are not treated with disdain. The ride to town ami back is a pleasure. We get better views of the glorio;: sunsets and the long shadows are not broken tv smoke and tall buMdirics. And then the trees are not just trets and the birds merely birds, but they are my birds an I my trees and I never treat them with Indifferent -. I look up into the branches of the trees around the house and pay silent homage to them for the beautiful -had they rive to me on hot days. I even pat them and call them my friends. Did you ever hear the glad, laughing voices of the pine tree? Well, you who have not, have missed a rare treat. And then, I Iiave learned to whis tle In imitation of my birds and they will put their heads on one side, look and sing again as if they would teach me to do it better. I have never been able to imitate the little wrens, that build their nesta so close to my kitchen door, that if I chose I could reach Into it. Th :n the robins, the bluebird.", the brown thrush, orchard orioles, wild canaries, bob whites, whip-poor-wills, American mocking bird or cat bird, but best of all I love the grosebeak, a bird with brilliant plumage and many thrills. I also like the scrappy blue jay, even if he does destroy my robins' home and kill the young members of the family, for the robin in turn will kill something else. Do you know that every bird dies a tragic death? Another simple pleasure Is to mock the little screech owls and have them come out from their daylight slum ber. Kven the old hoot-owl and the croaking frogs are to me, no longer a dismal sound, for It is their way of expressing the joys of life. One of the pleasures of living In the country' is to be free from any set rules or custom. A woman should not stay in or around the home simply because she is looked upon as being out of her element in the field. If she has time and strength and there are no small children to do for and she takes pleasure in being out there, then there is where she should be. It is not necessary that she should Know just how mucn corn or grass seed or potatoes or wheat to sow to the acre any more than that her hus band should know how many tea spoons of baking powder are required for one quart of Hour. There are books that will tell you if you must know. Hut I'll wager that she does know, for usually all farm work is discussed at meal time. Kach one gives their views and the best plan is adopted. We who live In the country, need not lack the time for ments. We work hard, so do the city people. Hut even while we found it possible to .beautiful thoughts. If self improve of course, but work, I have absorb many I come across anything that appeals to me, I write it on a large white card and tack it on the wall near my kitchen table where I spend so much of my time. And then, as we watch the changes of the season the night and morning of nature we cannot help but Instill into our minds and hearts, that which is of the most importance to us, our religion. After we moved into the country the Rev. Dr. , of whose church I was a member, would, from time to time, make us a call over the tele phone, and ask why he never saw me at church. Finally, after a few years had passed, and I had exhausted alt trivial excuses, I told him that it was not necessary for me to attend church for I had religion all around me. That I got it out of the atmos phere which I breathed and in every thing 1 could see. When I hung up the receiver, I was shocked at the way I had talked to the reverend and wondered what he would think of me. In a few days he telephoned again and wanted to know just how ho could find our home, and said ho wanted to come out. So come he did, that very day Cooperative Marketing for Hawaiian Pineapples WASHINGTON'. Feb. 10. A mar keting division to assist pineapple growers has been organized by the United States department, of agricul ture's experiment station in the Hawaiian islands. Prices which chan nel's have been offering for pine apples arc less than the cost of pro duction. The Hawaiian pineapple grower today has to expend from $12 to $15 per ton to produce his fruit, whereas the price offered by the canners range from $5 to $11 per ton for first-grade pineapples and or.e half these prices for second-grade products. As a result the smal? grower is now seeking a market for his fresh fruit in the United States. How ever, the business of shipping can hardly be carried on satisfactorily without organization and it is to help out in this connection that the new division has been organized, accord ing to the latest report of the Hawaii experiment station. It is also suggested in the report that better arrangements could be made If there were 'a branch of the marketing" division in San Francisco, which should act as a central ottice for fresh pineapple shipments. This otl'.ee could undoubtedly prevent the succession of bare, and Hooded mar kets which has characterized the pre vious condition of pineapple ship ments. The same office could also do vail uable service in handling other Hawaiian products, such as sweet potatoes onions, bananas, beans. coffee, cocoanuts, and kukui nuts. The last mentioned product is partic ularly valuable on account of its large oil content. .Military pot Aids. The army is a most important fac tor in the development of diversified farming in Hawaii. This branch of our government uses large quantities of corn. eggs, potatoes, poultry and other products, and the authorities are desirous of having the territory develop anv independent source of food supply, a the possibilities of de velopment along these lines are very great in these Islands. Sudan crass, sorghum, legumes and other forage Plant have j I ready been planted by the department's experiment station In cooperation with the military post in order to furnish green feed for the horses. lied and white Bermuda onion seed are doing well in Hawaii. Eight acres of onions yielded 32.210 pounds last year, not counting small onions of pickling size. Sugar cants and and while I was still in my kitchen garb. He did not say "I do not blame you for not coming to church," but he did say "I do not blame you for staying at home." He seemed so delighted with every thing, even our old-fashioned simplicity. I told him I would like to invite him out to spend the day, but I hesi tated because I was a very busy wom an, and also because we were expect ed to have everything extra nice for a minister even to the fried chicken. He said that if I would just invite him. that he would kill and dress the chickens and he thought he could fry them also. If people beg like that for the pleasure of one day in the country, what must we enjoy who have have every day there. "Hefore green apples blush, ttefore green nuts embrown. Why, one day in the country is Worth a month in town." I must not forget the most import ant and most satisfactory thing of all and that is the ability to turn, a $3-soil into the wealth of a HalTy lonian garden. It is the loftiest en deavor, the noblest aspiration, to make it, by your own exertions, more abounding, more and more the royal abode of a thinking man. And it is only in the restful seclusion of the country, that we are able to do all this. And when the wind howls and the snw Is banked up so high that all the fences are covered, the roads are drifted full and we look upon nothing that we can scarcely call our own we gather around the tire, and while we consume quantities of big red apples, popcorn and nuts. The hus band gels "Whlttler" and reads iloud that beautiful poem, "Snowbound," which is dedicated to the household to which it belongs. I love my country home and am thankful and contented that it has been allotted to me. And when I leave this world, and pass through the pearly gates of heaven, and gaze on the beautiful streets of jasper and gold, and I see all the womn in sparkling robes and precious jewels, and the men .with a happy, care-free expression on their faces I know, that while I shall love it all. I will turn to St. Peter and ask him where the farming community is located, for it's there I want to be. I want to trail my robes along an emerald green sward instead of on the golden streets. I want to wander along the margin of the crystal rivers insead of loafing around the fountains. I want to see beautiful orchards laden with perfect fruits of all kinds fnstead of just one tree of life, and 1 want to see beautiful meadow lands covered here and there with the roses of sharon. and the lily of the valley. and I want to enhale freshness of the morning the mingled perfumes of And then, too, I want to the dewey instead of crowds, see all the dear faces that I want to sec all see at the Orange. I the beautiful birds, and perfect animals, for heaven is composed of all the pleasures of country life. "There is a pleasure in the pathless woods. There is rapture on the lonely shore. There is society where none intrude By the deep sea and music in its roar, I love not man the less but nature more." sweet corn have also made good yields. OKra (Jrows Fight J Vet High. An American variety of okra which has attained a height of from seven to eight feet has been grown on heavy clay soil in our little possession of Guam far out on the Pacific. This variety is called white velvet, and the department's experiment station in Guam expects much of this variety. A great number of American vege tables have been found to grow easily in Guam, including cucumbers, lettuce, radishes and beans. Egg plant produces heavy yields of excel lent quality. One variety introduced with success has been the New York improved spineless. The pepper is also produced with the greatest ease and is much relished by the natives. For live years special attention has been given to growing the tomato in Guam, but until this year all efforts have failed. During the past season, however, a number of tomatoes were produced, vhich, although very small, were mild and savory and should prove vrrlhic. Insect enemies have so far bfen very 'easily controlled in the case of practically all these vege tables, INTERURBAN HITS AUTO; ONE DEAD, ONE INJURED GREENTIELD. Tnd., Feb. 2 0. Ad Walker will recover from injuries he suffered late yesterday In nn accident that caused the death of his friend. Louis K. Simmons, 3 4 years old. a wealthy farmer of near here. The two men were riding in Simmons au tomobile when it was struck by a Terre Haute, Indianapolis and East ern Traction car. Simmons died 13 minutes r;fter the accident. Walker was brought here and after his in juries were attended he was taken to his home near Westland. Walker paid they were not warned of the ap proach of the interurban car. Ki:ilN TO SIK.K AT I. l HLOOMIXGTOX. Ind.. Feb. 20. U. S. Sen, J. W. Kern will deliver the commencement address of the Indiana university law school on June IS. An nouncement to this effect was made by Judge K. G. Hogate, dean of the law school. GOOD BREAD IS MADE WITH USE OF POTATO MEM Bureau cf Chemistry Tries Out German "Potato Flake" to Determine Health Value of Inexpensive Flour. SATISFACTORY IHtKAI) MAUI, AYITII V.O't POTATO MllL A( -cording to Austrian idi: . Bureau of Chemistry tries out the makes exiKTiments to determine the value in mixed Hour of such inex pensive, healthful products as chest nut, banana, rhv and iKas. WASHINGTON, I). C Feb. 20. I'.aking experiments to test the value of making bread of potato -mea 1 mixed with wheat Hour are now being under taken by the United States department of agriculture's bureau of chemistry. This is to test the possibilities of the potato in the same manner as Ger many and Austria are now advising their people to do. The increased cost of living throughout the world has emphasized the fact that Hour made of other substances than wheat, or of these substances mixed wilh wheat, might provide people with healthful food quite as nutritious as the pure wheat Hour, and at the same time cheaper. Austrian bakers are now compelled by law to use at least SO per cent potato-meal in making their bread. The bureau of chemistry's potato-meal bread has been baked with from 25 to no , per cent potato-meal and the remaining percentage wheat. The most satisfactory loaves in combining economy and appearance were those made with the minimum percentage allowed in Austria or less. The loaves made with more than :0 per cent potato-meal were not so satis factory as they were heavier and less attractive in form. The bread has a rather coarse texture and dark ap pearance but possesses a distinctive and agrecal.de Havor. It also retains moisture for a much longer period than ordinary wheat bread. Used "Potato Flake." The bureau of chemistry used the imported "potato-Hake" in some of its experiments and in others, meal made by slicing, milling and drying potatoes on a small scale in its laboratories. It should be added that such ordinary "pot;rto flour" as is on our American markets is not the same as the Ger man "potato flake" or "walz-mehl" which has given such satisfactory re sults in the experiments. The question has been raised as to whether the ordinary cooked potato might not be satisfactorily substituted for tho prepared potato-meal. The experimenters believe that it might serve the same purpose if used in just the right proportion, but this would be difficult for the average housewife to determine as there is great danger of using too much and producing a very soggy loaf. However, the custom of adding a .very little potato is al ready use by. many housekeepers to keep their bread moist and this prac tice can very well be recommended for mor generalise. Banana and Chestnut Broad. F.ricd bananas, ripe and unripe, and chestnuts are other substitutes for wheat Hour with which experiments are being made by the bureau of chemistry. Still other products which offer promise of furnishing the public with a cheap and nutritious bread are the following: Bran, soy bean, white bean, millet. katir, milo, dasheen, cottonseed Hour, oatmeal. cassava. buckwheat, rye. corn gluten, kaoliang, rice (polished and natural), peas, potato (Irish ami sweet), corn meal (white and yellow.) The breads made from these various ingredients have already been photo graphed and analyzed. 'Hie Hours from which the breads were made are being analyzed that it may be known exactly how nutritious they are in comparison with the pure wheat Hour. The sy bean and cottonseed Hours when mixed with wheat Hours in proper proportions (about 25 per cent) give a bread with about twice the amount of protein (muscle-building clement) that ordinary wheat bread contains. Making- of Mixed Flour Unpopular. The bureau ot ohemistrv is making J these experiments in spite of the fact that there is a law which makes it difficult for the manufacturers to make mixed Hour satisfactorily. This law surrounds the manufacture of mixed Hour with so many restrictions that the business has not become a popular one. The result is there is very little mixed Hour at present man ufactured and offered for sal". The mixed flour act was passed in 1S9S before there was a food and drugs act. and was passed for the pur pose of raising a Avar revenue at a time when many of the common ar ticles of food did not command so high a price as now. The tax of four cents which Is now imposed on every barrel of mixed flour Is not in itself a heavy one: It is the collection of it with the at tendant regulations and restrictions that hampers anv manufacturer who would like to make such Hours. It should bo stated in connection with the mixing of other materials with wheat Hour in making bread that this cannot always bo dor.e economically. There must be taken into consideration the prevailing market prices of the commodities to be used. This article is written primarily for the purpose of bringing to the atten tion of the public the fact that in or der to obtain good, nutritious and wholesome bread it is not necessary to use an entirely wheat Hour. - A mix ture will in -many cases pruurc a bread which is quite as satisfactory. With this a matter of common know l edge, it is believed in times of over production and the consequent favor able market prices of substances suit able for mixing with wheat Hour that bakers may wish to experiment with certain mixtures. Care should be taken, however, in marketing or sell ing of bread to which has bcn added To What Family Do Your Potatoes Belong Greater Familiarity With This Vegetable Will Enable Growers to Detect Present Practice of Making New Varieties From Old. WASHINGTON, D. C, Feb. 20. "To what family do your potatoes belong?" The farmer who desires to know may obtain some enlightment from a bu.letin of the United states department of agriculture, entitled "Group Classification and Varietal Descriptions of Some American Po tatoes." This is a professional paper and deals in detail with each potato family considered. A more intimate knowledge of the potato is much to be desired, not only by scientists, but by the farmers who grow them. . If the latter can recog nize (dd varieties under new names, he will not be deceived by the present practice of some seedsmen who man ufacture new varieties from old ones. The bulletin does not claim to pre sent a completed classification of all American potatoes, but endeavors to otter-a list that may prove a' starting point upon which to enlarge later on. The bulletin gives the following "classification key" brielly describing each of 11 groups: Clarification Key. GROUP 1 roilHLEK. Tubers: Roundish; skin creamy white. Sprouts; Base, leaf s?ales, and tips slightly or distinctly tinged with reddish violet or magenta. In many cases the color is absent. Flow ers: Liight rose-purple; under intense heat may be almost white. GROUP 2 TRIUMPH. i liners: lioundish; skin creamy white, with more or less numerous splashes of red, or carmine, or solid red; maturing very early. Sprouts: Base, leaf scales, and tips more or less deeply suffused with reddish violet. Flowers: Very light rose-purple. GROUP .I H ARIA MICHIGAN. Tubers: Oblong or elongate-flattened; skin white or creamy white, occasionally suffused with pink around bud-eye cluster in Early Al bino. Sprouts: Rase light rose-purple;, tips creamy white or light rose purple. Flowers: White. GROUP 4 ROSK. Tubers: Roundish oblong to elongate-flattered or spindle-shape flat tened; skin flesh colored or pink, or (in the case of the White Rose) white. Sprouts: Base and internodes creamy white to deep rose-lilac: leaf scales and tips cream to rose-lilac. Flowers: White in sections 1 and 2; rose-lilac in section GROUP o EARLY OHIO. Tubers: Round, oblong, or ovoid; skin Hesh colored or light pink, with numerous small, raised, russet dots. Sprouts: Base. leaf scales, and tips more or less deeplj suffused with carmine-lilac to violet or magneta. Flow ers: White. GROUP t HEBRON. Tubers: Elongated, somewhat flat tened, sometimes spindle shaped; skin creamy white, more or less clouded with Hesh color or light pink. Sprouts: Base creamy white to light lilac; leaf scabs and tips pure mauvo to magenta, but color sometimes ab sent. Flowers: White. GROUP 7 BURBANK. Tubers: Long,, cylindrical to some what flattened, inclined to be slightly spindle-shaped; skin white to light creamy white, smooth and glistening, or deep russet in the case of section 2. Sprouts: Base creamy white or faint ly tinged with magenta; leaf scales and tips usually lightly tinged with magenta. Flowers: White. GROUP S GREEN MOUNTAIN. Tubers: Moderately to distinctly oblong, usually broad. -flattened; skin a dull creamy or' light russet color, frequently having russet-brown splashes toward the seed end. Sprouts: Section 1, base, leaf scales, and tips creamy white; section 2. base usually while, occasionally tinged with magenta: leaf scales and tips tinged with lilac to magenta. Flow ers: White. GROUP 0 RURAL. Tubers: Hroadlv round-flattened to in appreciable amount any ingredient other than wheat, that no deception is practiced and that the consumers are aware of the kind of bread being furn ished them. SEE 7 THE GREAT MOVIE LOVE-STORY SERIAL RUNAWAY JUNE George Randolph Chester AT La Salle short, oblong, or distinctly oblong flattened; skin creamy white. Sprouts: Base dull white; leaf scales and tip? violet-purple to pansy-violet. Flow ers: Central portion of corolla deep iolet, with the purple growing light er toward the outer portion: five points of corolla white. GROUP 10 PEARL. Tubers: Round-flattened to heart- Shnilrt tl 1 1 1 er ed unlienollv Vi r i i- 1 shouldered; skin a dull white, dull i russet, or brownish white in section l! or a deep bluish purple in section 2. Sprouts: Section 1. base, leaf scales, and tips usually faintly tinged with lilac; section 2, base, leaf scales, and tips vinous mauve. Flowers: White. G R O UP 1 1 P E A C 1 1 B LO W. Tubers: Roynd to round-flattened or round-oblong; skin creamy white, splashed with crimson or solid pink: eyes usually bright carmine. Includes some early-maturing varieties. iSprouts: Base, leaf scales, and tips more or less suf'','-"' with v-ddish violet. Flowers: Purple. In deciding upon iia .....me by which each group shall be known an at tempt has been made to select that of the variety which seems most near ly to represent the group as a whole and which, at the same time, is most widely known. Each of the groups is described in greater detail in the bulletin, as for instance: Triumph Group. The Triumph group is composed of a few very early varieties having roundish tubers and a dwarf habit of growth. Only one member of this group, the Triumph, can be regarded as having any considerable commer cial importance. Description: Ripens very early, but the yield is low. Vines dwarfed and fairly compact. not much branched. Stems short, stocky, dark green. Leaves medium large and dark green. Flowers purple or rose lilac. Tubers round with blunt to obtuse ends, slightly to distinctly shouldered. Eyes medium in num ber and depth; bud-eye cluster gen erally deeply set. Skin creamy white, occasionally with pink eyes or splashes (as in White Triumph), with few or many splashes of crimson (as in the Quick Lunch and Noroton Beauty), or solid red, or occasionally splashed with carmine (as in the Tri umph). Flesh a creamy white. Sprouts have base, leaf scales, and tips" more or less deeply diffused w ith reddish violet. The descriptions of varieties print ed in the bulletin, cover only about one-fifth of the varieties upon which the department's scientists have been working. It has been the object to include in the list mainly those whose commercial importance. or value from the standpoint of the plant breeder, make them of more gen eral interest. The plant breeder in particular, may rain some assistance from this list, as It may give him some idea as to what can be expect ed from the union of any two given varieties. DRIVES THROUGH OPEN DRAWBRIDGE INTO RIVER CHICAGO, Feb. 20. The 'Chicago river south from the Halsted st. bridge was dragged by the police to duy in search of the body of a chauf feur, believed to be Daniel Phillips, who dashed through the open draw at an early hour at a speed of "0 miles an hour. The man ignored the red signal, the ringing gong and the shouts of Policeman Michael Me Fadden. The police located the auto mobile upside down on the bottom of the river, but failed to find the driver's body. CAPE HAITI EN. Feb. 20. Amer ican marines today were in control of Port An Prince, having been landed during the night from four warships. according to information received received here today. The capital has been menaced by revolutionists under Vilburn Guilliaume. THE Theater Bv HDuvTD KEEP THE IS INC TIBER Much of Serious Damage Done By Termite in Large Cities of North May Be Avoided By Thorough Treatment. WASHINGTON, Feb. Id. Tho rav ages of the white ant which becaufo of its insidious work in timber and wood structures is one of the most destructive insects of North America, can be limited by comparatively simple measures, according to the en tomologists of tho United States de partment of agriculture. iThis pest, kaown scientitically as the termite, attacks bridge timbers, wells, silo--, telegraph poles, bean poles, mlno props, fence posts, and railroad ties, and the sudden crumbling of wharves, caving in of mines, and the settling in of floors are sometimes directly duo to its hidden borings. Such 'lar cities as New York, Cleveland, Si. Louis, and Washington have known such serious depredations, and dam age occasionally occurs as far north as Massachusetts and Michigan. Throughout the southern state th termites ravages are even more gen eral. Some of the recommendations .f the department's entomologist for dealing with this pest are as follows: Forest products in contact with tho ground should be Impregnated wit it coal-tar creosote, which is a perma nent preventive against attack by our native termites. Coal-tar creosote has many properties' which would recom mend its use in this respect, for it is also a fungicide, and, being insoluble in water, will not leach out in w t locations. These requirements fur nish objections to many chemicals that otherwise are very effective in secticides. Various Methods . Mailable. The various methods of super ficially treating timber, as by (hai ring, by brushing, or by dipping with various chemical preservatives, among which are creosotes, carbo lineums. etc., have proven to be tem porarily effective, in preventing at tack, if the work is thoroughly done. If not thoroughly done, termites en ter through the untreated or imper fectly treated portions. especially through weathering checks 'and knots. Where the bases of poles, mine props, etc., are left, untreated termites enter thoftimber from below, and, avoiding the treated portions, come up through the interior. Charred timber i? ef fective against termite attack for a period less than a year, although it is not seriously damaged at the end of one year. It will readily b seen that neither brushing nor spraying the exterior after placement, as is sometimes practiced, is effective in keeping out termites, since the por tion that sets in the ground could not be treated, and it is usually at this point that termite attack occurs. Pefore treating timber with chem ical preservatives, especially where the bush method is employed, it is essential that the timber be thor oughly seasoned, otherwise penetra tion by the preservative will be re tarded. Some Articles Unreliable. Many patented wood preservatives, advertised as effective against wood borers, often merely contain simple preservatives, as for instance, linseed oil, to which a slight odor of oil of eitronella has been imparted, or con tain simple poisons. For timber to be et in the ground, brush coatings with linseed oil are not effective against termites. Impregnation with chlorinated naphthalene may prove effectie against termites, as a preservative for woodwork, in interior finish, where it is important that the preservative should not "sweat" out, or stain the wood. Treated wood blocks burled in the ground with termite-infested logs were not attacKed after a test of nearly six months. Impregnation with paraffin was was not effective in the bureau of entomoloey's experi ment". If the wood is not in contact with the ground, impregnation treat ments with blchlnrld of mereury nd zinc chlorld are effective. The, mer cury am zinc in this form ar both soluble in water. to crrr nfav city iiat.t ANDETON. Ind., Feb. 2 0. This city Is to have a new $72,000 city hall. The building will be erected on tho property formerly occupied by the T. N. Stllwell home. Buy It Now Farmers must start trie tall of prosperity rolling. It's up to them. Let them buy now the things they most need. This will very shortly solve the problem of the un employed. The coun try can save the city. Thousands of families are suffering this winter. Are you going to help? Do it for humanitarian reasons if for nothing el ins else. IT FROM