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SUNDAY, IxnitCAKY 21, 10 IS.
THE SOUTH BEND INEWS-TIMES SOUTH BEND NEWS-TIMES THE NEWS-TIMES PRINTING COMPANY. . tlO West Colfax Avenue. .South Bend. Indiana Entered as second class matter at t h Postotace at South Rend, Indiana BY CARRIER. Ially and Sunday In advance, per Daily and Sunday by the week,..12o year $5.00 Dally, elngle copy ...2o Kuuiay, single copy 3o BY MAIL. Pally and Sunday In advance, per year J 4.00 DcJly, In advance, per year J 3.00 If your name appears In the telephone directory you can telephone your want "ad" to The News-Times office and a bill will be mailed after its insertion. Horn phone 1151; Hell phone 2100. CONE. LORENZEN & WOODMAN Foreign Advertising Representative. 125 Fifth Avenue, New York. Advertising Building, Chicago SOUTH BEND. INDIANA, FEBRUARY 21. !!.". LOOKS i.iki: tiii. kit i- Kivf:simt - - - - - - - - ..... .-..-..... , HAD FLOWN. It i.s a splendid compliment to the ) lowrr houe of tin; Mate assembly, J l tmd to Rep. Arthur Le Roy Denlston, of Rochester, chairman cf the com i..itej cn Indianapolis affair, in par ticular, that despite the manner in which the Hell bill for the establish ment of a board of finance for the capital city, was whipped through the senate, Jie, and a majority of his col leagues on that committee, had the neive to report the measure out for indefinite postponement. That among the majority was Dem ocratic Floor Leader John C. Rranna inan, calls for another particular compliment to the lower body. Four democrats and four republicans fathered this action, and three demo crats opposed them with a minority report favorable to passage. Wc like the attitude of Chairman Denlston in commenting upon his action: I am here primarily to repre sent my people back home in fur thering the principles of dem ocracy, and not to pull the irons of 4iny faction of the Indianapolis democracy out of the lire. You will have to convince methat the Hell bill i.s democratic by making it a party measure before I will vote tor it, and then the respon sibility will rest with the party and not on my shoulders. Whether democrats In the house, who have assumed such Independent attitude, arc to be disciplined by tho hangers-on to the outside organiza tion, as is reported to have been the case in the senate, remains to be seen, but with the majority floor leader, one of the number to be disciplined, the disciplinary measures are likely to be found a trille more difficult of execution. We are, indeed, bound to congratulate Chairman Deniston and Majority Leader Brannaman, with the other members of the majority on the Indianapolis affairs committee, on the stand that they have taken. After a public hearing in which the bill was discussed by the people of Indianapo lis, they appear to have reached pretty much the same conclusion that everyone else did, according to report, who was not in some way connected up with the Hell administration or v ruler machine Influence. B i.s inspiring to learn, even at this distance, that democracy still has its champions in the legislature, that are hampions of democratic principles first, at least so far as concerns their Individual action. Under such cham pionship, Mayor Bell's anticipated kingship will never be permitted to haunt the democracy of the state, for e ven should the party undertake to caucus the measure into a party one, it is doubtful if it can gather the strength to do it. If Indianapolis wants commission government, let it take it, but under no circumstances should such a makeshift be permitted, especially in view of the monarchial tendencies. THE LOCAL CITY FARM" MOVE MENT TO AID UNEMPLOYED. South Bend's response to The News Times suggestion that vacant lots of the city be turned into gardens for cultivation by those who have the timo to Rive to such work, furnishing them with employment and a re muneration the full product of their own toil, is significant of the modern spirit that Inclines men to help others by helping them to help 'themselves. It need not alono be looked upon as r semi-solution of the so-called un employed proMem. These vacant lots, and occasional tracts, are literal waste lands, in their present lack of servi tude. If they can be made of service, nnd there are people unemployed, aged, or otherwise, willing to put in spare moments In bringing them under cultivation, there can be nothing vain in the accomplishment. If there is anything to the law of economics, these waste lands all over America, have something to do with the much condemncd high cost of living. From all th agricultural a-; horti cultural centers of the land, wc hear the cry these days, that the soil of the United States is not measuring up to the increase of population by a r. c cssary increase of production. The return to the farm movement is the outgrowth of that doctrine, but the difficulty is that most of those to whom it would appeal, have no money to go bark to the farm with, or to buy n farm with should they get there. This local e:r.rt is bringing the farm to tp.e city in minute degree. It is practicalizing the theoretical end of the "back to the farm" dilemma. Which reduced o the last analysis makes of it a "city farm movement," rather than one exclusively devoted 1"' the relief f the unemployed. though these, i;o doubt, will be able to gio more time to the little farm than will their more fortunate broth ers. Why not indulge the "city farm" slant a lit. N fore the "unemployt d" l. rand i.- r urr;ed too die for for-ret-fulnss. There i r.o reason why this "city farm" mow merit should not cen time from ye.tr to voir, as lor.--: as there are city folk, otherwise uncm- ..i,.,,, .v,.. i j inclination to keep it going. k' 1 ' J L tiui, n nu in v nine ti lin. GOSPEL HYMNS AND FANNY CROSBY. The death of Fanny Crosby, the famous blind hymn writer best known by her maiden name, has started con siderable speculation as to the real causes for the wonderful popularity of many of her 8,00 f hymns. The critics have always passed rather negative verdict on the merits of these compositions. The words are sweet, flowing, not very Imaginative, and without polished graces. Rut they express real emotion In simple form. The great emotions of life, too, are simple and elemental. In most people's minds they express them selves in plain language. Probably the so-called "gospel songs" to which these verses were set, had much to do with their popularity. It is true that this music had little of. what students woulel call life and warmth and color. But there was one thing they did have, and that was rhythm. Old fashioned church music was stately, dignified, sedate and reserved, but as sleepy as the country church on a hot summer afternoon. "fht gospel songs took the rhythm of the marches and the waltzes and the two steps and applied it to church music. Why should the devil have all the pood tunes, asked the writers of that day. Why indeed? Fanny Crosby caught the step. In her easy lyrical way she wrote songs whose thought not merely met the sentiment of daily life, but fitted metrically to the beat of the music The songs had motion and march feeling, and the words were singable. No wonder they suc ceeded. Modern church composers have learned to write music combining the dignity of old time music, the rhythm of tho gospel songs, and the color, life, and originality of imaginative composition. But to many people tho Fanny Crosby songs are so associated with the struggles of life and death and Joy and sorrow that the passing of the singer is a personal loss. THAT SENATE VOTE ON WOMAN SUFFRAGE, We half imagine that the Indiana state senate would be horribly sur prised and considerably chagrined, if having passed the Maston limited suf frage bill, anticipating that it would put the lower house in a hole, tiat body. Instead of doing the expected, should responel by concurring. Quite beyond ejuestlon this bill was sent over to the houseas a retribution to that body for having passed the Jones-Rinear direct primary law, after the senate thought it had killed it dead. As it is the senate will have to go on record again, on the direct pri mary question, and that too on the only primary bill that Is a primary bill, .that is before the legislature or likely to come before it. Understand, the primary is distinct ively a platform measure, that it has the indorsement of Pres't Wilson, of William Jennings Bryan, Sen. John Worth Kern, the entire Indiana dele gation in congress, and naturally, a considerable membership in the legis lature, some of whom are free to ad mit that but for the platform promise they would probably never have been elected to occupy 'their present, seats. The house, beyond tiuestion, has the best of It In the higher regard that it has shown for the party's campaign promises. It may now, since the sen ate has thrown down the gauntlet, take the further step and extend to Indiana women the right of franchise up to the limit that the state consti tution permits. Neither would it. in the judgment of many, be suicidal. The average woman measures up to tho average man in intelligence, ditto, on public questions, and is, on the average, in finitely his superior in morality. Wo realize that none of these things are supposed to be necessary, or-even de sirable with a certain brand of poli ticians that prefer ignorance and im morality as a qualification to vote. It makes it so much easier to ma nipulate the voter. DIDN'T HAVE TO CREEP IN. In connection with that Santo Do mingo affair, the standpat newspapers are roasting Wilson because, after hLs election, he said "There is no danger that the spoils system will creep in with my approval or connivance." Well, the spoils system did not creep in. It was already in. It had always been in and it was doing busi ness to the best of its ability. Taft undertook to give it a larger foothold by putting some tens of thousands of spoils system assistant postmasters under civil service. Had Taft an - nounced that he would not. 'f elected. reward republican party workers, even Utah and Vermont would have boiled him. Civil service is a good thing, but we'll have to got It by bites. At any j rate, we'll be long in getting a full j meal of it if. we rely vu. the "ins" WASHINGTON STILL AT THE BRAKE AND JEFFERSON AT THE THROTTLE OF AMERICAN POLITICAL PROGRESS AFTER LAPSE OF HUNDRED YEARS With another sunrise the nation will again approach commemoration of the birth of George Washington. upon whom history has conferred the title, "father of the republic." And a republican in the funda mental sense, he was, even as Thomas Jefferson was a democrat, in the fun damental sense. Some say Washington was an aris tocrat; others that Jefferson was an anarchist, exaggerated epithets that have come down through a hundred years, from the day of their being. At one time there existed in this country, a party which seems, in title at least, to have been intended to effect a compromise. They called It, "democratic republican," signifying wiaat the more conservative demo crats of today are wont to call, "rep. resentative democracy," with the emphasis on the "representative." Which fundamentally, is what re publican means. A republic is a rep resentative government, democratic at the inception of the representa tion, but with the rest dependent up on the wisdom or chance of dem ocracy in effecting its choice. Democracy is the ule of the people, indirectly by representation, perhaps, in the mode, but with the people rather than with the representatives as the master, and with the represent atives, rather than the people, as ser- ants. Republicanism recognizes the sov ereignty of the people, up to and In cluding the elections. After that an official aristocracy becomes dominant, assumes the right to do all the think ing, and to tell the people how they should be governed, leaving the pub lic will to approve or resent it at the next election, subject, of course, to official manipulation. It works out that way in practice. Democracy would extend the sov ereignty of the people up through the elections, demanding that otficialdom think as the people think, when it thinks in af olficial capacity, and act as the people would have it act; even, when pusheel to the limit, reserving the right in the people to fire officials that fall to follow such rule, and to go over the oilicial head to have done crucifying themselves for the reform. A political party does its heavy wor rying over the mote that's In its brother party's ye, particularly in re gard to the little matter of holding on to jobs. ' THAT PARK BOARD MEETING. Ah! And so it appears that Chief Censor Rich. Elbel or the city park board, and his "park executive," Mr. Arthur Park Perley, reinforced by their Main fit. megaphone, allege an error in our "wireless" report of the park board meeting Friday night. As the message reached us, ye chieftain dropped the remark during the session that there was some doubt as to whether the contract between the county anel city with regard to Pottawatomie park, would hold in a pinch. Through his megaphone, new, he denies it. Well, he might not have said it had he known the possi bilities of a public distribution; prob ably would not have said it, but he needs to recognize that conversations held even In secret, are never safe under modern scientific methods of reporting. The point is unimportant, since we care little for Censor Elbel's legal opinion at its best. We merely men tion It In passing as an excuse for registering our continuing confidence in the "wireless," Main St. mega phonic denials to the contrary not withstanding. And the same confidence remains with respect to the Main st. denial Monday of our last Sunday morning report of the "wet" and "dry" poll being made of the city by the Union Temperance Commission. CONQUEST JUST THE SAME. Those foreign socialists are up against the real thing, onco more. They've solemnly resolved, In a con- I nntlrtn of T AM.lnn t Vl r tVtfa oholl L 1111 kJ A A A W Ull t W1 W I ft AO n ttl not be 'Transferred from a defensive war into a war of conquest." This war is going to be a conquest, if ever one was. If the kaiser wins, he's going to sit down to a meal on France and Belgium, with, maybe, Holland, Denmark and parts of Russia for side dishes. If the allies win, there'll be a carvitig up of Austria, Turkey and, probably, Germany. Somebody is surely going to pay the big cost of this war. Parties not having the money will have to put up the land. In fact, it is already a war ef con quest. Germany has acquired most of Belgium. Great Britain and Portugal have gobbled up much of what Ger many had in Africa, and Japan has consumed all that Germany had in China. No matter what causes war, con quest is almost invariably the result. NOW THAT HE'S "OUT." In his opposition to the proposition to cut off shipment of war munitions to belligerents, Vm. Howard Taft is ; as clear and sound as a noon whistle. ; He says such prohibition would I mean more armament of nations not ! now well supplied and. in the present I exigency, it would be violation of ncu- trality because It would Inure only to the advantage of one of the belliger ents. It is quite remarkable that, during the past two years. Taffs attitude what they want done, and to invali date the contrary. In other words, fundamental repub licanism, presumes the election of each of its official representatives, to exercise his intellige nce and con science, subject perhaps to a few ad vance platform instructions, for the best advantage, as he sees it, of his constituents. He is the employed po litical thinker and administrator of the citizen's political estate, with vir tually no other strings upon him than to follow the rules of the game. Democracy presume each of its official representatives to be a reflec tion of the thought, will and con science of his constituents, elected to execute that thought, will and con science, insofar as it Is ascertainable, and reserving In those constituents the largest possible measure of oppor tunity for Instruction on what It wants, and, of compelling delivery. Washington and Jefferson split on these points a hundred years and more ago, and the points are still pricking. Washington was unquestionably the more practicable man for his time. Jefferson was a hundred years In advance of his age and still wait ing. The masses were not sufficiently advanced in the art of self-government back in those early days of the nation's history, perhaps, to even be trusted to attempt to measure itself up to the Jeffersonian ideal. Many contend that it will be a generation t or more before that ideal can with propriety be retlucetl to an attempt at practice, even after this spanning of a century. .Some to this day call it downright anarchy to even think upon it, notwithstanding the lateness of the hour, though with less vehemence than in days agone, while others see in the precept ajid practices of Wash ington, a brand of aristocracy with regard to the perpetuation of which, the tide of condemnation is rising rather than receding. Westward the tide of empire, rising on the eastern coast of the American continent from out a mist of seml monarchial tendencies, seems to have made Its way slowly but surely across the new world, until dashed against the rocks of the western extreme, it toward many public matters has been correct. Maybe you can spoil some men by making them president. THE OREGON WATER-WAGON. Oregon's new prohibition law makes it unlawful for any one person within the state to receive more than two quarts of spiritous liquor and twenty four quarts of malt liquor within a period of four successive weeks. Mathematically calculated, that is an eye-opener of real booze and a bottle of beer for each day, leaving cut Sundays. Oregonians may be able to worry along on it all right but the average Indianian would probably decide that he might as well get on the sprinkling cart altogether. ATTACK ON SNOBBERY. Sec'y Daniels has done a mighty good thing by making it possible for enlisted men to get Into the naval academy at Annapolis and thus have a chance to become officers. There are now in the academy six sallormen, for the first time in the history of the United States. Political pull has created the notion that officers shall come from "the upper walks of life," and this has caused "caste" in both navy and army. Daniels action is a blow to snob bery and It will result in promoting enlistment. We would offer as a mere sugges tion that hereafter when Mexico's presidents are inducted Into office, they be furnished with a one way ticket to Paris with a sixty day limit! and the system in use in the Trans- j vaal diamond mines that of stripping the laborers to the skin when they pult work be employed when they board their vessel. It's so simple and efficacious. Otto K. Chappell of Reno, Nev., says he is charged to give warning of an unparalleled Earthquake which will destroy an Francisco, Los Angeles and San Diego, either on Saturday, Feb. 2 0, or Monday, Feb. 2 2, he is not positive which. Neither will do. Sat urday is housecleanlng and Monday wash day. We will be entirely too busy to fool with earthquakes. All records of grand jury Indict ments in Knox county, Ind., were broken last week, in Vincennes, when the grand Jury returned 223 Indict ments after a two weeks' session. Well, well! And this in Old Vin cennes, where James Maurice'Thomp son's little Alice couldn't start any thing without the help of the Indians. Times sure do change. And now comes a scientist, namely R. E. Loree, horticultural expert at the Michigan apple show, and says it was Just an ordinary little runt of a crabapple that tempted Adam. Why, Adam, you piker! We have always thought you fell for a large f juicy pippin of the Eve variety. Thus are our illusions shattered one by one. Poor, dear old Harvard! The Mas- rachusetts legislature got the Jim- jams over the I. V. W., and put taboo on red and black banners in public, and Harvard's banner Is a fiery crim son, so that she's going through life flagless. And a yellow flag seems" to be about the only one that some col lege hasn't grabbed. is now turning back and carrying up on its besom the spirit of the true democracy. The west is educating the east to day in a number of things: among them, in matters of self-ijovernmcnt. Regardless of partisanship, the west is, figuratively speaking, infin Itely ahead of the east, In the matter of placing the destinies of the state, more directly in the hands of the people. The "rough-necks" of the Pacific slope are professors of pDlitical science, shouting first-class instruc tions to the "high-brows" on the At lantic seaboard; and, as those instruc tions filter through the Hoosier at mosphere, Indiana'' is grabbing off, BIOGRAPHICAL. George Washington was borii Feb. 22, 1732, at Bridges Civek, in Westmoreland county, Va., He ixccived his early education in the Virginia colonial schools which ho quit at 1(, when lie en- tered the employ of Lord Fair- fax, an Englishman. For him Washington did surveying. Later he took up surveying as a pro- fession. In 1752 he was given the eoni- mission-of major ami adjutant general In charge of one of the four military districts of the state. His lirst military work was against the French at Lake Erie, and failed. In 17."S he assisted (Jen. Forbes lu taking Quebec la Cuiiada and establishing Eiitf- land's hvct in America. In 1775 lie was made oom- mander of the continental army. Iiwt lio t,.. tli:ir iii'iivi'il lil unrivalled fitness for the vtork. For throe years lie kept Ids Lcart and purpose? in the faee of con gross' inability to get taxes, to pay the soldiers, to feed them ami the absolute indifference of the country with so much at stake. With the aid of France and his unparalleled military ability forced the surrender of Cornwall is in 1781 and ended the revolution. Then came peace anil the con vention of the states and the adoption of a constitution in 1787. After much persuasion lie yielded to the popular demand and was made the first president of the United States. Four jears later he again consented to hold the reins. After his second term lie went into retirement at Mount Vernon, and died Dec. 11, 1799. THE LOAFER REPRODUCED FROM THE NEWS FILES OF II YEARS AGO. A pretty girl In a sweater Is some thing fierce. A down-town sign reads, "lodging and oysters," but does not explain whether the oysters are in the bed or on the half shell. This thing that clothes make the man impresses you some if you think about it. Good clothes may not make a man good, but they create a good impression because the pre sumption is that the man who wears them has the capacity to earn them. We might add, however, that some times this presumption might not stand pricking. The Salvation ariy.y has learned from pugilism that body blows count more than leads from the head with people who are supposed to be In The stand pipe will really not have much to do with this column but feel ing that divers times we will need something to Jean against, we thought that it would be a substantial name for the miscellaneous creations that are to follow. With the foregoing as an introduc tion we feel that we are ready to launch into our subjects. We have just finished reading the British White Papers, the German White Papers, the French Yeliow Book, the Belgian Gray Papei-s and the Russian Orange Papers. We will now get out our clsraret papers and proceed. At this juncture we wish to voice our antipathy to cigarets. The au burn hair individual who labors in the stall next to us smokes All vari eties. But one is worse than the oth er from the standpoint of aroma. Th are all di(stink)tly individual. It appears to be the custom among column conductors that, after reach ing this stage of the column it is a good scheme to insert a pon. It further appears that this poem need not be of any particular merit or on any particular subject. Meter and rhythm also seem not to be necessary to the occasion. But no doubt "poet ic lirence" covers this shortcoming. Fearing that we would create a sen sation in the column world if we do not follow custom, we will herewith insert the necessary poem. My thoughts are sad and wan. While the day is just as di ear: I think I'll go and drown my woe In a glass of nut-lrovn beer. Having complied with the above thought we proceed again. . ... j While we communed Kith the o lu-ss of nut-brown we had a deep 7 ft ,:C2ii I AS SEEK FMffifl I Li VA by J . A K K . here and there, some of their ideas. Witness the platform promise of the republican party of 106, of a state-wide primary for the nomina tion of all otficers, deemed necessary to catch the public vote, but repudi ated by the legislature of 1907, after the votes had been counted only to be followed by the transfer of state affairs to the democrats in 1?0S, In the main, as a punishment for republican penidity. And now witness the similar plat form promise of the democrats in 1014. a repetition of that of 1?0S, semi-fulfilled, but which, having cap tured the votes of the people, needs to be guarded well lest it go the way that the republican promise went into the wastebasket of repudiation. Individual partisan democrats, who inheriting more of the political spirit of Washington than of Jefferson, have blundered in choosing their party affiliations, may be perfectly Justified in concluding that a vital mistake was made when the platform lComise was announced, but there is considerable doubt if the real demo crats of Indiana, in whom the Jeffer sonian spirit predominates, will quite be satisfied until they have done their best at keeping their party's word. Some redemption may result for democracy, despite the primary out come, through the move to throw down the bars, by constitutional amendment, so as to permit the gen eral assembly to legislate to the peo ple the right to fire as well as hire their officials, and to initiate and veto legislative work, but these are distant possibilities, while the primary, where regarded as desirable, is also re garded as an expedient that should enjoy a more immediate realization. All these features; the primary, the initiative, the referendum, and the recall, and likewise the limited woman suffrage bill that passed the senate yesterday, are not only progressive democratic, but fundamentally demo cratic, and they are right or wrong according as Jefferson, father of dem ocracy, was right or wrong, or as Washington, who feared the power of the people, would, in this day, be right or wrong, if still of his ancient mind. This is the 20th century division in greatest need of conversation. In other words, an appeal to the stom ach is more powerful in its iniluence than an appeal to the reason or the emotions. Like other animals, man is most tractable when his stomach is comfortably full. It is a prevalent weakness among country correspondents of metropol itan newspapers to characterize the principals in any piece of scandal, elopement or worse, as "prominent society" people when, in fact, the parties have never been in, or aspired to, or were worthy of what is known as society. It adds to the sensation alism of the dispatch to say this and the correspondent considers the ac ceptance of what he has filed at the telegraph office of more importance than the good name of society in his town, from which such occurrences seriously detract. When you call on central remem ber the main. The fact that Louis Elbel is a guest of a countess in Munich will not affect the size of his head. . C. A. MacDonald contemplates giv ing a banquet at the sanitarium. His guests will be J. C. Birdsell, Samuel Leeper, J. F. Deacon, F. C. Nippold. George B. Beitncr and C. F. Linson. When the Elks Have a Picnic Bye and Bye. When we get some settled weather. We will call the boys together And arrange to 'have an annual jubilee. And give each an invitation To attend the grand ovation thought. It was strange but true. Undertakers and brewers both drive the same kind of a wagon. Bier wagon? Good, go to the head of the class. Now, Alice, what do they both haul in their wagons? Caskets? Good again, stand next to James. ... We understand that it took nigh unto three weeks to translate the English "note" to United States from the diplomatic code into English. We hope that England never writes a diplomatic letter. It appears from the remarks of Father Ward that a civic club is about to become the most civiliz-d form of weapon. There are now about eight or ten of these clubs around South Bend, so have a cire. In view of the avowed policy of Germany to blow up everything In the North sea with her submarine fleet we hereby suggest the present German national anthem, "Deutch land Ueber Albs," be changed to "Deutchland Unter Alles." ... As an amendment to the above confine the singing of the first men tioned hymn to the Zeppelin crews. Every time the kaiser goes to the front hLs soldiers get right up on their legs and grab off 2000-O or :i00.000 prisoners. He seems to act as a tonic, we might say Teutonic. That was just about Teumuch, wasn't it? SINGLE VS. DOUBLE. Anent the discusion now tearing apart the baseball world relative to the efficiency of the married and un married ball player we would like to Insert a few remarks. Now we are not a ball player nor will we ever be one; we tried it once but failed to pass even the entrance requirements. Yet. however, we are married and can see some advantages that might ac erue to a ball player who has a wife. Therefore, we U.ke up the married player's side of the argument" In the first place as we understand the game one of the best things a good ball player e;n do is to steal home. Now tell us who get rr.r American politics, Jupt as natural as the rising and the setting of the sun. It was the natural division in the 19th century, and at the sunset of tho lbth, but with the rising average of human intelligence, the constantly growing spirit of brotherhood, and the consequently higher level of fitness for self-government, the lines are being more and more distinctly drawn, and will, ere Ion;;, set the standard of par tisan affiliation. All honor here to George Washing ton, and to his ideals and practices, as applied to the conditions of his t.n.e, but we are not looking into the past any more, for that "golden age" of which the poets sang. Life is tho radiance emanating from the constant jam and jar of evolution, which Is revolution with a "soft pedal" on. This well-beloved country is a true monument to Washington, the guiding genius of Its dawning day. Unfurl the Hags.' Pay him the compliment well due a national parent, who in our republish infancy, and governmental innocence, above all others, shielded us against doing harm to ourselves, taught us to walk, and Implanted in us those seed of self-control which even he once hoped would some day make the average of us all, as capable as was he himseif. It is an awful indictment against our century of freedom of thought, of worship, of a free press, and our splendid educational system, to admit of no improvement of our capabilities, such as George Washington himself told Thomas Jefferson, conceding tho correctness of the lattcr's philosophy, might fit us "for democratic self-government after a hundred years ? . progress," speaking then of now. The question is, was the prophet of Mt. Vernon a false one, or did he just cut the time too short Was he the calumniator of a false hope, or is it only another generation or two that we need, to make us strong enough to scale the wall? Is the span that reaches from the "divine right of kings" to the blessed privilege of in dividual self-assertion, so shaky that it has mankind buffaloed for eternity as well as time? Answer it yourself. When the Elks have a picnic byo and bye. D. A. W. All the boys will be delighted, As the girls will be Juvited To be present and contribute to tha sport. You can laugh and dance and chatter. You can sing, it doesn't matter. When the Elks have a picnic byo and bye. We will have enchanting music By Prof. Verweire, Who will play all tho latest dancing airs; He has Saratoga lancers That are sure to please the dancers. When the Elks have a picnic bye and bye. We'll have a dinner and make merry. There'll be ale and beer and sherry, Sarsaparilla, ginger ale and tea. So you need not lose a minute. We'll have fun and you'll be in it. When the Elks have a picnic bye and bye. So don't spend all your money. For you know It's not so funny If you have to stay at home becausa you're broke. You will need it. every shilling. Ami can spend it if you're willing. When the Elks have a picnic bye and bye. It's expected every feller, When he sees his girl, will tell her. And, of course, she'll expect him to do the grand. Then your wife and niece and daugh ter Will expect to fro, and oughter. When the Elks have a picnic bye and practice in that gentle art than a married man? Again, what is there that discom fits a pitcher more than when lie gives the opposing batter a walk? Whj leads the batting IM? No no other than the good walker. All right, who does the walking at home? Point No. 2 for the married ball player. Continuing our attack, what do all managers try to instill into their play ers? The quality to fight, to scrap, to argue. Where does a single man get an opportunity tw argue, to scrap as does the married man? Who is a better opponent In an argument or a aerap than a wife? SCORE ::-0. What does a good ball player nr--d while on the road? A good stomach. After a winter's lay-off at home show me a better stomach than that of a married man. With the score standing 4-0 wo cease, to allow our opponent to offer his argument for the unattached ball player. If he can produce a "single" reason for his stand we will replv with a "double." Veni, vedf, vecl. BACK TO EARTH. Rankin Have you never been tc Niagara Falls? - Phyle Yes; but I want to go again some day and see the first time I went I was moon. scen'-ry. The on my honev- SHE KNEW FATHER. "All the world loves a lover, you know," said the young man. "You'll rind out your mistake whe:. you speak to father," replied th sweet young thing. WANTED THE RIGHT THING. Salesman Fl.itirons. madam ? Mrs. Youngbrtdf No; show me some aoartrnent-irons: we live b in suite. IX)R JEFFRIES AlTO.MORII.llS see Fraz'er v- Frazier. i-eneral r-j-nr lng. Distributing agents for p., ! Magn-ts and Stromberg far ur ti.T liy-120 Lincoln Way E. Advt. Chas. L. Liwton. Dist. A-xt. !.,!: it abue Life lrssurar.ee Fnmp.-;.y. low a 112S Portage av. Bell phone -YdVt