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Sunday, rr.nnrARV 21, 101.1.
THE SOUTH BEND NEWS-TIMES GOVERNMENT IS LARGELY DIRECTED BY WiSSUS Great Number of Such Semi Legislative, S e m i-Judicial bodies Developed Since Com merce Board's Creation. Uy Victor Klliott. WASHINGTON, -The BEGIN WORK ON PLANT FOR NEW OIL COMPANY growth of "commis.-ion government" in Warhinston has lM.n astonishing. Tho specialization demanded by !h Mfvclopmtnt of federal control has created a. new group of irid pendent t,odie, semi-judicial and s-ml-legi.s-lative, and possessing vast power overj the industrial, economic and hnancial ti s:tlni-s of the land. J Th pione'T commission, from the; national point of view, was tho inter-; Mi'te cimnifT'c commission. it was originally created in lsss to "inquire into" certain transportation prob lem and surest remedies for them. Now It is on of the mot powerful group of administrators in the entire world, wielding what is practically the power of life and d-atn over th; American railroad system. Within the past decade temporary ommissions of van in;' character, iich ax the Immigration t omniission and the monetary commission, have l (in created for temporary purposes o fir.vestigation. and they have com monly )een regard d as "purely para sitic" in their real character that is, as having created to provide jobs for political harks or junkets for pro vincial legislators who desired to sec trie world Jit the nation's; exnense. Some of them have been useful and I cllicicnt, such as the presidential com mission on economy and etliciency, which, although ignored by congress, provided a budget system tor the na tional lAcriimciit whbh has been irmed by experts at home and abroad as the ideal one of its type, f.ut most of them have become by v. orda thrmmli their extravagance v itli the tapaers' money and their monumental useless ness. The interstate commerce commis sion was the first great commission crated under the national govern ment, and the Inderal reserve board, nitli powers equivalent to those of a commission, was the second. Just as the former has powers approaching absolutism over the railroads of the country, so drf'cs the latter govern the I'inl.s of the nation. Although at present it seems merely a branch of the treasury department, it is in real ity an entirely independent body, with powers far exceeding those of the j-'Ctetary of the treasury, and with no eto power aboe it. It has not yet developed itself to its full stature. Tu .Name New Coinni-iii. The third great commission is soon t( be appointed by Pre.s't Wilson--the federal trad, commission. This body will exercise the same jurisdic tion over trade and industry in gen eral as the two others hae over the railroads and hanks. Its true place m the administrative fabric of the government remains to be seen. It can be made powerful or " compara tively negligible just as the men com posing it are positive and trenchant in character or negative. It all de pends. The fourth great commission under the government will be the shipping board that is, if a -hip purchase! measure passes. As the bill seems to be '.loomed at the present time, the shipping board will have to be post poned until another period of mer cantile marine development. This vommi&sion would have no direct power over ships of American regis try, but its indirect inllmnce would be cry t;at. The civil service commission was created nearly two decades aeo to bring the government departments out of reach of the political spoils man. Although its powers are not great, it has lean a substaniial fac tor in the improvement f the con ditions which formerly prevailed in Washington, and it his always been 's-liu as a rock" against any political influence. The president himself i the n!y prrson who can disregard or veto its decrees regarding appoint ments to the government service, t'aieil Ilody Now Defunct. The isthmian canal commission is no v.- a defunct Lod. beeavse the I'anama canal is now practically complete, but undtr its supervision tii - "big; ditch" was built. of course il is needles to say that the chairman of the commission was no less a per mm than i'o!. tleorge Washington (Joothuls himself. The commission of line arts N an advisory board created under the administration id' ITcs't Tail to urapple witli problems of architecture in the construction of government structures and projects of impocn;ent in Washington ami clse w ha iv. The i -otnmisMon of industrial relations, which has been investigat ing the Rockefeller and t'arnegie inundations, and other philanthropic projei ts. in New York the past two weeks, was also created under Pres'c T.t't to inquire "into the causes of industrial unrest." The board of Indian ommissionei s has considerable power in protecting the Indian--- from illegal exploitation, the international waterways commis sion looks after questions of naviga tion on streams :!oing from the 1 nited states into iitiier Canada or Mexico, and the international joint commission ponders oei boundary o.utstions itivolving the tl"nited States and Canada. It might b" said tii. it the adminis trative powers originally residing in congress are! the pr. s;d nt have i con delegated to a group of commissions wh'.eh are constantly growing in pow er and intluer.ee. r v i - .1 " - V n J j. imuci: GAFILL. Work has been started In the erec tion of a plant for the CJaflll Oil Co. to be located on the property former ly occupied by the Harmon Coal Co., on College st. near Lincoln way. W. J. Pruce Claflli is president of the new company which has made appli cation for a charter. The proposed capital stock of the company, a pure ly local concern, is $10,000. The plant will cost approximately $10,000 and will consist of storage tanks with a capacity of 40,000 gal lons and .also a warehouse. The ex pectation is to have the plant In ope ration within a few weeks. The busi ness will consist of a wholesale trade in Pennsylvania lubricating oils, gaso line, naptha and kerosene. J. Bruce flallll has been associated with the South He ml Oil Co. for the last five years In the capacity of sales manager. Under his management the business of that company increased rapidly. CJaflll started in the oil busi ness 21 years ago when, at the age of 1G years, he secured a position with the Standard Oil Co. at Toledo, O. CONCERNING PERIODIC OPTHYLMNIAAND HORSES Jury Faces Serious Technical Prob lem H"t Sajs .Man is Not (iuilty. , Why is "periodic opthylmnia." what is it, when is it and where is It? That and a horse were the issues in a case which was tried before Justice Peak Saturday. The case involved a criminal action brought because of the sale of an al leged defective horse. The defendant was represented by Clifford DuComb and the state by J. V. Wypiszynski. The testimony "was becoming involved when Clifford abruptly asked a wit ness for the state, "do you know what 'periodic opthylmnia means?" "Sure I know what it means." "What does it mean?" "It means are you ready to tell the truth and nothing but the truth." And so the composure of the court was disturbed ror "periodic opthylm nia" really doesn't mean that at all. It means "moon blindness." The suit was instituted by King Jagla Produce. & Commission associ ation which charged that Myron Milll ken bad sold them a horse afflicted with "moon blindness" (periodic op thylmnia) without havine- said any thing to them about the affliction. Now to do such a thins is a criminal offense punishable by a. $1,000 fine or six months in jail. However, the de fendant was not found guilty and for this reason: A veterinarian surgeon testified that the horse was not af flicted with "periodic opthylmnia" but was afflicted with blindness in one eve and also with "amurosis" (mean ing, undoubtedly, that he couldn't see out of the other) and so, as the l?iw did not know anything about this, the defendant was acquitted. CLAIMS CLERK SOLD WITH0UTPRESCRIPTI0N (notion of Proprietor's Keioiiibll ity KaKcd When L. C. Krlcd Icr is Trictf. Is a drug store proprietor respon sible for the action of his clerk, par ticularly when that clerk sells intoxi cants without a prescription, as is charged in the case of Louis C. Kricd lei. SOI S. Michigan st. Mr. Kriedler's attorney in city court Saturday afternoon maintained such were not the facts as set forth in the Indiana statutes, based a motion for the discharge of Kriedler at the com pletion of the state's case upon that law. Special Judge Pattee refused to favor the motion either way and with held his decision until next Thursday morning. Patrolmen Kudynskl and Czen kuseh were the principal witnesses for the defense. They declared that two pints of whisky had been pur chased at Kriedler's store by J. H. Quilhot. special investigator. In their presence. The defense maintained that the affidavit tiled accused Kried ler directly of violating the state drugs acts whereas it was his clerk who made the sale. COM IMS IIOMF. I.ONbd.V. Feb. 20. (.'no hundred Americans who were temporarily ma rooned in Pari as a result of the can cellation of sailing betv.een French and Pritish ports arrived in Ixndon today and will sail for home tonight. PEEVISH. CONSTIPATED GHIL n i irnniim ninnn nr rinp" bAL tna nur ur r ba Harmless "fruit laxative' cleanses stomach, liver and bowels. T..M.k at tii'- tnue. mother! If o.ited. it is a sure sign that our little tie'-; stomach, liver .i riil how-els need . g-r;tle. thorough cleansing at once. Vh-n j . ;sh. eross, listh-s-. pahv doosn't si ' !', i or ;;i t naturally, r l'ov !i!i. stomach sour, 'uaath bad, Jt. stomat-h arhe. " throat, di rfrrhee:'.. full of cold, .ive a e.ispoon ful ri "CulUuriiU and in just a few hours all the foul, con stipated waste, undigested food and sour bile gently moves out of its lit tle bowels and you have a well, play ful child again. You needn't coax sick children to take this harmless fruit taxation: they love its delicious taste anil it always makes them feci splendid. Ask your drugv'ist fo t "0 cent bot tle of "California, Syrup of Figs.' which has direction? for hahie-?. chil dren of all aues. and for grown-ups plainly on each bottle. Heware of counterfeit, sold here. r,et the gen uine, made by "California Fig Syrup Company." Refuse any other kind with contempt. Adv, WEST FORM OE LIFE ON DISPLAY Exhibits at American Museum of Natural History in Central Park Form Most Astonishing Collection. By Garrett P. Ser i. Among the most astonishing exhi bitions in the American Museum of Natural History in Central park are those representing the lowest forms of animal life, such as various kinds of protozoans, radiolarlans, sponges, etc. The fact is that many of the ex hibits really are models in glass or wax, carefully copied and colored after nature and used because the actual animals are either too delicate or too minute to be permanently pre served or placed on exhibition. Some of the creatures belong to the micro scopic world, and the models are mag nified a hundred or a thousand times, showing them as the naturalist sees them under his microscope. But this fact only adds to the inter est of the curious visitor and increases his wonder, because he perceives that within a space which to the naked eye would hardly be larger than the point of a pin the life forces have found room to build up an organiza tion almost as complicated in its de tails as if there had been unlimited room to work in. The highest magni fication brings into sight new perfec tions, but is unable to reveal any where a lack of finish. An elaborate piece of frost-work jewelry might bear a close resem blance to some of these animals, but if the jewelry were put under a micro scope its ragged and unllnished edges, corners and surfaces would go far to destroy its beauty. On the other hand, the protozoans show no such imper fections of workmanship. The mystery of life is redoubled when one looks at these strange forms in which ft has manifested itself. The protozoans constitute a part of the animal kingdom, which is so different in its fundamental organisation from the part to ivhich we belong that at rtrst sight there might seem to be no community between them. The word protozoan means, literally, "rtrst," or "lowest animal." A protozoan con sists essentially of a single living cell. It seems to stand near the parting of the ways which lead to plants in one direction and to animals in the other. They are marine animals, and that fact is a part of the evidence that life on the earth began in the sea. But the greatest marvel about these low forms of life is that, as Prof. II. B. Ward says, "their physiological complexity is as striking as their structural simplicity," which n;eans that although they consist of only a tangle cell, while the higher animals, or metazoans, consist of millions, their one cell performs all the essential life functions that in the other animals are discharged through the agency of a multitude of cells. Instead of the various tissues and organs of the higher animals, the pro tozoans have only modifications, or differentiations, of their single cell, which serve in the place of regular organs. They eat and drink and di gest their food, they move about more or less freely, they reproduce their kind, and all this is accomplished without the possession of the compli cated system of special organs that the higher animals employ. Many protozoans live in colonies, in which great numbers of the single Celled animals are united. This docs not effect the simplicity of their in dividual organization. But among the cells of such colonies there arc often to be found indications of the begin ning of differentiations which mark an advance In the direction of the multicellular organization of the mct- azoans. In an illuminated window, in Dar win hall, showing a partly under water view of an old wharf pile, there are to be seen creatures which, al though more highly organized than the protozoans, exhibit very striking ly the possibilities of an animal whose body is only a kind of bag. These are called "sea-quiris," and some of the larger species of them, clinging to the jdle, in the midst of a crowded assemblage of other forms of plant like animals, look like miniature copies of Oriental "wine-skins," with two spout-like openings. It may be said that the whole active life of this creature is consumed in allowing a stream of food-bearing water to enter its sac-like body by way of one of the siphons, or sprouts, and to leave it by the other, while the interior of the sac digests the nourishment. And now comes something to make the most thoughtless observer pause and ponder. These sack-like sea squirts, or ascldlans. are. as Mr. Roy V. Miner says, "actually primitive members of the chordate group, which includes the vertebrates and culmi nates in man!" Their ancestors seem to have start ed up the ladder and then missed their footing. This story is told by the metamorphosis which every asci dlan undergoes In Its life develop ment. It begins as a free swimming animal, has a tail, an eye, a "brain" and central nervous system, and a "cartilaginous prototype of a back bone." But as it nears maturity it becomes attached to some stationary object, its "brain" and special sense organs degenerate and break up, and the animal becomes virtually a mere "digestive and reproductive machine." MAY TRY CASE WEDNESDAY Quilhot Hearing Is Set as Well as .Mausoleum Suit. John II. Quilhot, charged with pub lic indecency, will probably be tried in the circuit court on next Wednes day. The complaining witness is Naomi Burnside. The case was con. teinucd last week when council for the defense submitted an atlidavit re lating that a certain witness could not be found at that time. Another case set for next week is that of the St. Joseph County Mauso leum association against the River view Cemetery association. This is a suit to collect 5C0.00O damages for al leged breach of contract. The case is set for trial on Thursday. a Of A O 1 1 j f MICHIGAITr-CORc WAYNE STREET, SOUTH BEND. is ToitPi:i)oi:i). LONDON. Feb. 20. The steamer Cambank was torpedoed, supposed, by a Oerman submarine off Holy Head tdaj. Four of the crew were Jrowned. P R I NC ETON . Le o n o r e We l bo r n. seven years old. was accidentally knocked down by a boy on roller fkates and her left arm was broken. Agitation against roller skating lias been renewed. Numerous efforts to j huve the city council put the ban on the sport huve failed. Best and prettiest Dresses at $9.95 and the assortment is very varied I L '-siji rrri n V W i! 1 s Li .j 1 iiiiK 1 1 j I . r 4- A ,!:V!,.".-".tiU l mm ft -It ' V- : ' While they last 9 S3 Si i at one of those prices you may have Any in nil vr r c rare ft 1 At $5 n i When this sale was announced in Friday night's paper there were 30 coats which sold at S2"S to $30, and 85 coats that sold at SIS to S2(), in the S5 lot. One-third have been sold at this writing. Yet many of the best coats are siill to be had at $5. Women who want whatever they buy now to be of a fashion that will carry through the spring, are the very people these dresses are intended for. They are of high grade silk poplin, soft messaline silk and best of French serge. They have vestee and cuffs of hemstitched and lace edged lawn or chiffon over net. The serge dresses button high in military fashion. With the new flare skirts and new collars such as those that are high in back and very low in front. None are more fashionable at much higher prices. Colors are Belgique blue, sand, putty, new browns, Russian green, navy and black $9.95. When you come here tomorrow you will say, as others have said, "How stylish are those spring dresses at Chas. 13. Sax & Co. and how low-priced, too." At $3 We have already sold 35 of the 60 coats placed on sale at this price, aiui the sale is only 6 hours old. We're glad you appreciate this greatest coat offer ing ever made in South Bend. At $2 Of 40 coats offered at this price there are still 30 left. It seems that women prefer to pay the few dollars extra and get one of those very "high class coats. But these are all the best sio coats shown in South Bend this winter. Not one Winter Coat has been reserved Every one is priced either or M CP "5 25 dozen Women's Warm OUTING FLANNEL GOWNS $1 kind, 69c Six different styles, high and low neck, yokes, pleated, braid, silk or ribbon trimmed, some tucked. In all white, also assorted pink, blue or black striped. Buy them for next winter. New Silks and Dress Goods Tub Silks, very desirable stripes; for men's shirts and women's waists and dresses; 30 and 32 inch; all colors are represented 65c, 98c, $1.25 yard. Radola Silk Poplin, the famous lustrous silk-and-wool fabric, in 40 of the newest street and evening shades; 44 inches wide, requiring only a small quan tity for a dress. Very popular for this spring's dresses; per yard $1.10. New French Serges, 40-in., all wanted shades; vard 75 c. m New Wool Poplin, 56-inch, in black, navv and plum, per yard $1.49. 42-in. Tussah Crepe, lustrous, crepv silk-and-wool suiting; brown, navy, new blues and black; per vard 98c. Eight new Styles in $1 Lingerie Vaists All eight are airy enough to make one think summer is act ually here. lingerie Waists of fine voile. One model has vest, collar and culls of embroidered scalloped edge organdy. Insertions of embroidered organdy and Val. lace; hemstitched over shoulder, tucked back $1.00. Blouse at $1.00 of allover em broidered voile; heavy lace insertion down front; hemstitched collar and cutis. Neat Tailored Waists of .black and white striped corded voile, and all white cord stripe voile, hemstitched organdy collar and vestee. China Silk Blouses, blue, pink, green and yellow floral printed, also all white with hemstitched or gandy collar and vestee $1.00. EQUAL OF USUAL S1.50 AND $2.00 WAISTS. i.i j ?J v. 1 To give our Monday patrons an opportunity to share in the many advantages we announce the continuation of the NINE CENT SALE tomorrow CENT SALE Tomorrow HUSTLING YOUNG MAN WANTED A large manufacturing concern, engaged in ambitious plans for further increasing its annual sales that now run well into big tiures, proud of its good will and remarkable business record, oilers a rare opportunity to a HUSTLING YOUNG MAN whose ability and efl'ort "must be worth S50 per week to begin on, to represent their line of goods in the South Bend territory, a line that sells in 95 'I of the retail stores. Kequirements CI o oil health, vigor, push A good reputation. The ability to .vill ijooils as well as handle other salesmen. A 5mall capital necessary to carry initial stock, which will amount to kss than ?3f,,, whkh investment will not lie necessary after the first CO to G days. Unless you are ambitious t make money fT yourself and arp willing to put push and energy into your work so that you provo yourself worthy of representing our name in thi? territory, do not reply. Mil. J. Cm. r.LAKENKY, representing tho company, will be in oath IJend at the Oliver hotel on Thursday and Friday, Feb. -3 and JC, ONLY, wh'-re he will personally interview all applicants. No Further Comment Necessary f 'III' a: l i fill i i ITry NEWS-TIMES WANT ADS Try NEWS-TIMES WANT ADS "Enclosed please find check for S 14.00, amount due for coke. This is four tons of Solvav Coke I have burned since last fall in my furnace. Flow is that? Solvay Coke is the best fuel known to me." Staples-Hildebrand Company Exclusive Agents Genuine Solvay Coke. Beth Phones. WINCH i;STi:n. John Jordan, a former Losantville resident, who has been missing for several years, has hern declared dead ly the circuit court. Since Jordan's disappearance he has fallen heir to highly valued real estate through the death of his grandfather. FOKT WAYNi:. Following an ad anee ly the leaking estahlislimcnts, the Fort Wayne dealers have ad anced the retail price of ! r. d to sir ci nts for the former ta--- j.t kaves. The l(--cvnt loaves reir.a::i the in price l.ut are slightly :e:. -ej ia wciuht.