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TUESDAY, MAY !, 1015.
THE SOUTH BEND NEWS-TIMES SOUTH BEND NEWS-TIMES THE NEWS-TIMES PRINTING CO., PUBLISHERS. 210 WEST COLFAX AV. Latrei pxo::d rla.. matter at tte I'ostoffice at South P.end. Indiana SL'HSCRIITION ItATKS. Dallj nr.! &ualj In arlvan-, in HtT, per yeflr ?:,.6o Dally and Surtax In advnu'.e. by tu ill. per year jr.. 00 e?k by l: Ial!y and Sunday fur carrier Pally. Blcffle copy 2? Sunday, tingle copy 3c " yoar nnm cpp-ar !n tLe td?phor.r directory you run telephone your want d to rne Nct-Tines rface and a bill will b mailed after ltf lanertfoii. llouna Jtoue UZl; 1MI pLoue IT.O-J cone. loi;i:nzkn a woodman "" t(M Foreign Advtrtalnf IlcpreaeatatlTca. 3 infta ,A?enue, New York AdTertiiics naUalng-. CMcac In? an inspired and irnpasisoncd plea for the warring1 nation?, and for the continued neutrality of her own coun try. It is indeed a sublime spectacle, ono that should cause the blu.sh of shame to mantle the brow of every male of every country, engaged in, or con templating war. It is a burning re proach t the statesmen who termed these noble women "meddling outsiders." SOUTH IU:.I), INDIANA, MAY i, 1015. m;v somen or mosi'mi rv. Summer la coming, and with it the question of vacations. Of course, the people cf .South I5nd, will, in the main, as usual have to be coutent at the surrounding lakes, but there i.s a big problem interwoven with this question of vacations, taken aa to America as a whole. The effect will probably be felt this year as it has almost never before, and happily, in the midst of our numerous tribula tion!;, fho outlook is that the feeling will to generally agreeable. Our mil lionaires arc being compelled by the foreign war, to spend their money at homo a. new cause for prosperity, and ono never hereto tabulated. Heretofore, and quite to American disgust, literally hundreds of thou sands of men and women have mi grated to Europe every year, wher" they have spent lavishly the unearned returns on bona., stocks and other evidence of ownership in American in dustrial properties. The money is produced in America; the gold is dis pensed Abroad. That, at least, has been the story for many years. It has gon to Increase prosperity in the Hlvlera, In the Hon Marchc, in the h'trand, In the Swisa Alps, at the health rcsorU In Germany and Austria, at the Savoy and Shepherds at Cairo; it Tias rented shooting boxes and castles In Scotland and Hngland. It has equipped dahabeiah'a cruising up the Nile; it hai rained graciously upon tho cities of Indn, and Japan, ind even percolated the larger cities in South America. But now all this money must stay at home. The dangers of travel have been emphasized by the refusal of our fctate department to issue passports for any purpose, except business ne cessity. Travel for pleasure is dis couraged in every possible way, asido from which the actual and well-known clangerrt of the Avar zone, and the great I&conveniences have been enough io discourage many already. .Some places are entirely inaccessible; the passenger steamers to others havo been decreased by the war demands, and It Is safe to bay that to DO per t ent or our roving rich are this year staying" In the United States. The first rrfect of this was noted in the congested condition of the hotels during tne winter at Palm 1 teach and otner southern resorts. Then came the ncTCs that every rentable villa at Newport had been rented and that people who had not occupied their villas for jcar.s were opening them. Now it is learned, the villa owners are planning the most extensive improve ments ever known in eastern resorts. These are laying out grounds, adding to their buildings and devising other ways to expend their money. The mountain resort hotels have been flooded with applications, especially since the heat "wave struck the cast. New York city has been tilled with rich people seeking way-j n shed their wealth, and one result has been the most phenomenal buying at the auc tions where high-priced rugs, china, furniture, books and art objects are knocked down to the highest bidder. Lately a small rug was sold for J'.MQ, the purchaser being former Sen. Y. IJ. Clark of Montana. The Duveens in New York have had no hesitation in paying millions for the Morgan collec tions, knowing that the local market i.s in better condition to absorb such commodities than it has been for years. The tide of tourist travel is over flowing westward and Sec'y of the In terior Iane is planning for the biggest season ever known in the national parks. He has opened all these now for automobile t rathe in order that the public may be better accommo dated. The expositions in San Fratuiseo and San Diego naturally will profit. Thousands who would normally turn toward I'urope will be seeking amuse ment and diversion now in America, The newly started tours to the exposi tions via the Panama canal, inaugu rated by the ranama-Uacitie line rind their sailings fully hooked weeks ahead. , In fact, Scc'y Itedrield of the depart ment of commerce estimates that about $170,000,000. usually spend, by American travelers will remain in America and be spent here. For every one of these dollars spent at home. American workmen are given work.! Thu5, one effect of the war is diseov cred which is not s - l a I. This figure i.s considerably higher than it could have been ten years ago. Hut the pay without board i.s only about J7 per week. It is a poor apol ogy for a man who can't earn cm piderably more than $7 a week i: a factory town. Additional light on this question was thrown the other day by a woman with a wide experience in charity work in the country, covering condi tions in seeral states. She said that there is a growing tendency among farmers to hire their work done by boys sent out by reform schools, orphan asylums and other correctional or philanthropic institutions. These youngsters will once in a while skip with such pickings of money or cloth ing as they can escape with. Also they are sometimes a demoralizing factor in a small village of simple hearted country boys. Hut as a whole, these little fellows do fairly good work and the farm experience is good for them. The net result, however, i.s to set a standard of low wage a for farm help, and to discourage able bodied men from taking up agricultural work. What seems to be needed, in order to enlarge the supply of food products and reduce prices, is to encourage a greater number of young men to go into farming on their own account. Apparently the only way to bring that about is some such sound system of rural credits or land banks as is con ducted o successfully in Ihiropc. A SAD nXHIIUTlOV. The more we read about it. and the more we think it over, the more re grettable it seems to us that ex-I'res't Uoosevejt and Mr. 'Dames, did not settle their little differences out of court, say in something like some body's back yard, or anywhere save with a pair of guns. Regardless of how Theodore Roosevelt, politician, may stand in the estimation of Amer icans, unquestionably the people in other countries, particularly those he has visited, regard him as one of this country's greatest men and statesmen. Certainly, he ha.s been generally ac cepted abroad as one man who was president in fact as well as in name beyond the dominance of any person or party, in his ollicial acts. Now to find that, after all. he was but .a willing disciple of an odious master, a henchman, even as many another, of "Hoss" I'latt, is necessar ily disconcerting to Roosevelt's ad herents and humiliating to all Ameri cans. Quite likely as Roosevelt expanded he outgrew the bossism to a large ex tent, but the fact remains that as governor of New York he was but a well oiled cog in the republican ma chine. Barnes might have been a boss all right. In fact, there doesn't seem much inclination on his part to dis prove it. He is content to smut Roos evelt with the same brand of soot. Hut as between the "boss" and the "bossed" there's little to choose. The personal quarrel of Mr. Roose velt and Mr. Barnes would not attract much attention, were it not that one of the parties was twice honored with tho most exalted position in this coun try or In the world and there's the rub. That high office must come in for a share of the odium, which is causing every good citizen, of what ever political affiliation, a sense of shame and sorrow over the disclosures the libel suit is bringing forth. Tho postmaster of Dallas, Texas, wired Washington the morning of April 15, Lincoln's birthday, for au thority to close the postofficc that aft ernoon. He got the authority by mail on the 2 0th, and Dallas is in Burleson's home state. If there are any Indiana postmasters who want to close July 4. they had better get busy. Kitchener speaks of a "slur that has been cast upon the profession of arms." There's one profession that's plastered all over with slurs, and it promises to be, later on, so slurred that it will be put out of business. The Industrial commission proposes to reopen hearing of the Colorado case in order to prove Johnny Rocke feller a liar, by his own letters. It may make Johnny pray harder. All that Bryan gets for his last "note" is unanimous abuse by the Berlin newspapers. Go over yourself, Wm. J., and give them a chautauqua talk on "The Prince of peace." Because she kissed only one mem ber of the California assembly, a fe male lobbyist pretty nearly started a riot. Wives, watch your husbands! Holland is setting out, systematical ly, to produce at home things former ly imported. War is a great educator, in some respects, all right. Chicago broke all April heat records the past few days. Now lots of folks will say it was because Chicago went republican, of course. Seeing America First 15 j lYcd Kelly. l'AHM YA(H:s. great deal is beirg written a zi d said about the ditt'-rjlty experienced by the farmers in getting help. Me chanics and laborers liing in cities are eloquently urged to get out into the country for peace and plenty. Considerable lU'ht on the question why farm help is scarce has just been ihrown by a report issued by the New York, New Haven and Hartford rail road. This company, probably to pro mote the "Back to the SVl" move. coon si:i-:n. It's not always the men occupying the highest niche who performs tho most meritorious act. This time 'tis a little country justice of the peace, in Wichita Falls, Texas, who sets an example which wiser and greater men might well follow. He announces that he will no longer hear vagrancy cases, because the fee sys tem of Texas puts a premium upon conviction. In Texas and many other states, vagrants must be convicted be fore the trial court oriicers get any fees; then if the prisoner can't pay, the county must. The inference is obvious, but ono does not. have to infer. It's being dono somewhere every day. and it's what is turning lots of unfortunates into dim inals man's inhuman injustice. Wrong? of course it's wrong but it's law. This obscure peace officer saw the wrong, o have lot.4", of others who hid behind the statutes. This judge said :"The law be hanged. This is a court of Justice. Don't bring them before me unless they have commit ted a crime," which leads us to be lieve in Wichita Falls. From Diar.v: The rising generation of Mormons today impress one with nothing so much as their close similarity to other people. They will buy a dinner, crack a joke even a joke based on poly gamy and behave in every way like anybody else. It seems to be a stand ing j"ke to tho younger Mormons, and to other residents of Salt Ixike City as well, that the visitor comes expecting to tind every other male citizen with a clump of wives to his credit. Amateur jokers when about to sign a hotel register in Salt Lake City al most invariably make some laughing remark to the effect that they will need only one room as they have only one wife along. Then the clerk forces a smile and observes: "You have it easy. All three, of mine insist on going with me when I travel.'.' Even tho lecturer on the sightsee ing wagon will have his joke. He J points to a homo and savs: "There is the dwelling place of Mr. Taylor, one of our most prominent citiens. He has buried 30 wives." Everybody gasps and the lecturer continues: "Doubtless he will bury a great many more, for he is our lead ing undertaker." The Mormons have a clever scheme for getting their people to church a scheme that it is a wonder other denominations do not adopt. Instead of exhorting people to go to church, they make it difficult to get in, or at least into ono branch of the church. They have their tabernacle and also a temple; anybody can attend the services in the tabernacle, but to get into the temple one must bo vouched for as a very good Mormon. One may not even peek in the temple. It is guarded the same as the lodge room of a secret order. The conse quence of all this is that people get their curiosity aroused and determine to sec what the temple looks like on the inside. Scores of Mormons lead exemplary lives just for the satisfac tion of being permitted to enter the temple when they see fit. Imagine living in a town and having to pass day after day a building that you are not allowed to enter. I presume a lot of people in Salt Ike City join the Mormon church and behave them selves for a long time, just to acquire the good standing necessary to enter the temple and satisfy their curios ity. Many business men. I am told, be come Mormons after taking lip their residence in Salt Lake City simply because it is good policy to do so just as a republican becomes a demo crat when he moves to the sunny south. Salt Lake City has the longest city blocks. I reckon, to be found in the entire country. When a native in Salt Lake City tells a visitor a place is only three or four blocks away he chuckhs to himself afterward. Even if a plae is only one block away the person who wishes to conserve his strength will be wise to call a taxicab. TIIKVKH ALL UKJIIT. Though there is but little prospect cv direct results from the meeting of the International Woman's peace con gress, at The Hague, yet the indirect effect of this feast of reason and hu man loe will be great and lasting. There we witness the great women of Germany meeting their sisters of Eng- In Reno. Nov., the other niht. I risked a bystander at tho staticn how the people awaiting divorces put in their time. Promptly he replied: "Going to I,os Angeles and San Francisco mostly." Reno is another town set in the desert. The sight of the mountains in the distance saves the surround ings, however, from utter desolation. Even at that, it seemed to me as I look about me that regardless of i how much my wife mi-'ht annoy or harass me. I would trv to cheer her THE ME LT1NG POT COME! TAKE POTLUCK WITH US. for 7iulMf Soniclnxly lia sikeii of friend ship as a great Messing, anil it i. But like other blessings, it must be earned. There is nothing yra ttUtotis about iL TO us one of the most pathetic things in life is a poor fat man. There is something about a plethora of flesh which harmonizes with plenty. The man with an overhanging abdominal region doesn't look well in rags. A thin man may be shabby and run down at the heel without attracting much attention, but to us the same thing in a fat man is incongruous. WHAT a comfort it is to see our name at the top of the percentage column, and such enterprising cities as Jackson, Battle Creek, Bay City. .Sag inaw and Flint comfortably tucked in under us. It is, of course, a precar ious position, standing on a turbulent foundation, so let us enjoy it while we may. WE assume that Mr. Piatt, could ho be recalled from the shades, would make an interesting witness in tho Barnes-Roosevelt case. Still, we should be satisfied with what we are getting. IT is always refreshing to read of a wife physically besting an obstrep erous husband. It affords an example of retributive justice which encour ages the world to hope that woman will not always be the under dog. AN exchange chronicles a surprise party given a youth on the eve of his departure for Annapolis where he is to become a cadet. His boy and girl friends gave him a good sendoff. The candidate for "glory and undying fame" had a pleasant time among the companions of his youth and will doubtless cherish their memory for several months, but how common they will look a year her.ce when he returns to tne home town for his first annual visit clothed in his natty Pray uniform and a new conception of life. The girls can bo endured, of course, but the boys how could ho ever have associated with those dubs? THERE are many ways of boosting a city. One is by advert. sing that it is dangerous to crosr tho streets on account of the rush of trar'fic, but this method is not impressive unless ac companied by tho casualty list. Spring. Languid steps crush Tender violets. And lovers brush Lightly eager lips. As bees aspire A petal to kiss. Is May's desire In the youthful breast. LIG 1 ITQUILL. WE do not lightly regrrd the pos sibility of serious complications with Germany or any ether country involv ed in the European war. It i.s some thing more than possible that by some unexpected turn In affairs the United States may have to prepare for hostil ities, but, at the same time, we havo a feeling that the other fellow will bo fully as reluctant as wo are, and as long as that condition remains the possibility will continue remote. BILLY SUNDAY is nothing If not vigorous. He savs beefsteak and gravy Xollowed by a big slab of juicy lemon pie is me oest iueai a Vy.niM.nui vo eat. It sounds good and strenuous, but he could make it stronger by adding onions. WHAT makes one day longer than another is the way you feel about it. C. N. F. -a mmnts and isavai 3 1G S n n u Li U) LfW Un L U' fe) nnn x t! ir Li A Rich m3L malted grin, in powder form. Merc hcallKful than lei cf ccnee. For infants, invalids and rrowing children. Agrees with the wealct clgnUca Pure nutrition, upbuilding the whole bedy. Invigorates nursing mothers and the cged. Keep it cn your side bond ai horre. A quicV lunch prepared in a minulc crUn!es5 jcu ss'Horlic-iV'tcu may go! n Sss'isiltuies i SIGNS OF PROSPERITY r (fir-a P A A l 1 " 1 w I rr? .' r r : r I ft ff I o o o Mackinaw City. M. Doud, who ar rived home , Mackinac Island from Cuba, predicts a big island business. He says that there was much talk in the south concerning the great lakes resorts, and that a large number of new faces will be seen among the summer visitors. Of course the war hes much to do with turning the usual European visitors' eyes in our direction. News, Petoskey, Mich., April :M, 1915. Those were interesting replies which the railroad presidents of the United States made in the Public Ledger yes terday to the question whether their companies contemplated large ex penditures for improvement and whether in their opinion the business outlook was good. The attitude of most ef them was one of caution. About a third of these representatives of a hundred thousand miles of rail road saw signs of improvement. The rest were either non-committal or slightly pessimistic on the subject. Yet, if their views are summarized and compared, it will be admitted that they are more encouraging than discour aging. If no business boom i.s in sight, there is everything to Justify watchful waiting. While the railroads are ordinarily pretty good business barometers, in the sense that either good times or bad times are sooner or later reilected in their operations, it is ciuite possible to argue that in this particular case the expansion of business is having for the present its chief effect else where. The tremendous growth of ex ports would not at first make exten sion of lines or addition of equipment necessary. All that will undoubtedly come In time if the general improve ment in business becomes sufficiently marked. "The swing of the pendu lum." as Sir Demalel Mann of the Can adian Northern said, is toward better business conditions both in the United States and Canada. There is no rea son for despair of the future in the cautious remarks of the railroad men. Ledger, Philadelphia, April 2 7, 1915. to the stockholders of that company the other day, speaking from a purely business standpoint to hard-headed business men, among other things, said: "I assure you that the country will prosper and I want io pledge again that the management of this corpora tion is going to be thorough, open and careful. "Our position among the nations of the world is taking the lead. Finance, industry and commerce ate better to day than ever before." Leader, Chey enne, Wyo., April 2? Hi 15. Judge Elbert H. Gary of the United States Steel corporation in an address N. O. Goldsmith, general manager of the Weir Frog Co., was quite op timistic when interviewer1 by a rep resentative of the Republican upon the trend of business. He said that or ders were coming in from the west and showing a gradual growth. All the signs point to a rapid return of normal business activities. C. L. Beck, general manager of the Norwood Sash and Door Co., was ask ed: "How is business?" "Business is fine and getting better." "Do you find the orders coming from any particular section?" "No; our business is general and it is getting better all the time." E. Z. Blagg, vice president of tho Globe-Wernicke Co., fpoke in growing terms of the improved bminess condi tions. He observed a distinct improve ment and did not hesitate to say that business was on the high road to prosperity. The Bullock plant of the Allis Chalmers Co. is in a fair way to be running with a full force. Orders are coming in faster than at any time in the past and the management is quite optimistic. T. J. McFarlan. vice president of the Dexter Lumber Co., on being asked for an opinion upon the trend of busi ness said: "Looks good to me. We are so busy that we do not. know what to do first," and business is not confined to building only; includes every one using lumber, house owners, builders, manufacturers." Republican, Nor wood, O., April 23, 1915. 1 Why "ROB PETER TO PAY PAUL?" In other words Why ask one Dealer you OWE to wait for his MONEY because he is LENIENT with vou in crclcr that you may PAY another OBLIGATION that is PRESSING. WHY NOT TREAT ALL YOUR CRED ITORS ALIKE BY BORROWING MONEY FROM US TO "CLEAN UP?" We will loan you the REQUIRED CAPITAL at 8'-' per annum (OUR only charges, as we take no CHAT TEL MORTGAGES) and accept SMALL WEEKLY PAYMENTS on THE PRINCIPAL. THRIFT means GOOD MANAGEMENT. A MOR RIS PLAN SAVINGS ACCOUNT PAYS S'-' INTER EST and shows "THRIFT." Come in and get the "PLAN" today. 'lie Morris OF SOUTH BEND CHARLES R. HUFF, MANAGER 201 South Main Street Opposite Postoffice. r ( !! !i ' I w 1 1 : t H ! i f'i In- i- mm ...ii .. "'"''' . ... i , I. - , , , i " - - - - - - ' - - - - ,' - .,,, . r , , , j - J n i 3 i 1 i B P 0 Hp tip mum 9m mi 9 II n P ti t ! j l L ji J; d u - lJ ti an The Things We Know By Klbert Hubbard. up and make her do. rather than spend a lone period in Reno in order to effect a change. TWENTY YEARS AGO Reminders From the Columns of The Dally TUuea. ncnt. has been collecting statitics on J land on a common plane, one of mu he wape? of firm people. While New England wage; arc b.lirhrr. it rinds that n the whole United .catc; the aver- ;ce farm harM ;;cts b'.:t 1. a month fith Icard and $J1, without board. tual admiration, respect and affection, ! without animosity or mrnity because of the terrible death grappl ir. which tiit ir men folks aire locked. We -sec a noble Italian woman .:ak Mrs. Louise Faurote died at Ham ilton. 01ie- township, ased 70. Mrs. Dr. J. C. Burroughs of CJrand Rapids was a guest of Dr. and Mrs. Ryeil T. Miller. Th As Von Like It club elected Miss Grace LVle.ston. president: Miss Whitcomb, :;c president; Miss Nellie Carpenter, ycrctary-treasurer. In courts of law the phrase "I be lieve" has no standing. Never a witness gives testimony but that he is cautijned thus. "Tell ua what you know; not what you be lieve." In theology, belief has always been regarded as moif important than that which your senses says is so. Almost withou. exception "belief" is a legacy. The creed of 'e future will begin "I know;" not "I believe." And this creed will not be forced upon people. It will carry with it no coercion, no blackmail, no promise of an eternal life of idleness and ease if you accept it, and no threat of hell if you don't. It will have no paid, professional priesthood, claiming honors, rebates and exemptions. It will not erganize itself into a sys tem, marry itself to the state, and call on the police for support. It will be so reasonable, so in the line of self-preservation that no sane man or woman will reject it. And when we really begin to live it we will cease to talk about it. As a suggestion and first rough draft. I submit this I know; That I am here. In a world where nothing is perma nent but change. And that in degree I, myself, can change the form of things. And intluenc a few people. That I am inlluenced by these and other people. That I am influenced by the ex ample and by the work of men who are no longer alive. And tha the work I now will in e'egree influence people who may live after my life has changed into other forms. That a certain attitude of mind and habit of action on my part will add to the peace, happiness and well-bein- of other people. And that a different thought and action on my part will bring pain and discord to others. That if I would secure reasonable happiness for myself, 1 must gi out good will to others. That to better my own condition I must practice mutuality. That bodily health is necessary to continued and effective work. That I am largely ruled by habit. That habit is a form of exercise. up to a certain point, exercise increased strength or ease in all life is the expression of That mens effort. That spirit. That my spirit influences my body. And my body inllucnces my spirit. That the universe to me is very beautiful, and everything and every body is good and beautiful, when my body and spirit are in harmonious moe d. That my thoughts are hopeful and helpful unless I am tilled with fear. And that to eliminate Tear my life must be dedicated to useful work work in which I forget myself. That fresh air in abundance, and moderate, systematic exercise in the open air are part of wisdom. That I cannot afford, for my own sake, to be resentful nor quick to take offense. That happiness is a great power for pood. And that happiness is not possible without moderation and equanimity. That time turns all discords Into harmony if men will but be kind and patient. And that the reward which life holds And that the reward which life holes out for work i.s not ease and rest, but increased capacity, greater elitii culties more work. EYES EXAMINED and Ileadacbes relieved wltt out the use of drugs, by n b am H iS1 H. LEiVlOftTREE South Band's LaIln Optometrist and Manufacturing Optician. 222Vt S. Mich. St. Oif i till 6 p. m. JJoa e phoue CT.o4. r.ell 347 Sundays froia f 10:30 a. ra. by Appointment. ,r4 fm r.7. liiii Electric Flat Iron Electric Washing Machine Electric Sewinrj Machine . Electric Vacuum Cleaner Electric Toaster Electric Hot Plate Electric Chafing Dish Electric Percolator Electric Curling Iron Electric Fan Electric Utility Motor Electric Heatinrr Pad Electric Milk W armer Any one of them affords vou the er-iest, Ivst ana most convenient way of doin the work for which it is intended. All of them form the creates! assets of the home cleanliness, safety, economy and convenience. We will wire vour heme, furnish iixtures and irive you twelve months in which to pay. INDIANA II ' i l! fi ' 1 N K,9 lYffflti STi u t: GAP ELECTRIC COMPANY 220-222 W. COLFAX AV. Bell 462. Home 3462, 1 h fj i i 1 1 U fi I! n !! li fi (i r !: t i: ; H 1 fi P. (I i ! t, Try NEWS-TIMES WANT AD.Try NEWS-TIMES WANT AD.