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LARGEST SWORN CIRCULATION IN NORTHERN INDIANA
AFTERNOON ill EDITION THli WIIATHER IXDI AXA AND LOW FIJI M I r 1 ! I ( ; A N. Parti r ! cvj , y tonight r - Tuesday; wr.rm- r T':e-d iy. BEND NEWS VOL. XXXII., NO. 144. SOUTH BEND, INDIANA, MONDAY, MAY 24, 1915, PRICE TWO CENTS I 1 SOUTH -TIMES (ft if A MM A il II Air h n fru f7(ai M iiMipiU I 1 t I U I Ml LEftO WORLD INTO THE ERA OF PEACE Pres't Wilson, Opening Finan cial Conference, Says Rival ry in Western Hemisphere Does Not Mean Aggression. GREAT CRISIS BRINGS "NEIGHBORS" TOGETHER Executive Says Bonds of Trade Now Being Forged Are for Mutual Interest and Will Be Permanent. WA.-III.VGTON-. May 2 1. Pres't "Wilson today declared that a proud Mstin lion mihl fall upon the- nations of th- three Americas --! hat of show ing the world the way to permanent peace. In an address opening the Pan American Financial "onference be pre dicted that great results would arise from it .tnd that it might be intlu ential in restoring peace to war-ridden Kwrope. The pre.-j.l'iit said that the only kind of rivalry in which the nations f the ue.-tern hemisphere were on g i-ed one which does not involve aures.-ion. lie said there was a rival ry in exc elb iu e, that there was no hint or purpose of exploitation in the interest which the I'nitd States is now taking in her neighbors; to the south. He declared only one thing still was in the way of rloser commercial inter- course between the American nation, and that a s lark of ships. He made ejear his belief that if private capital! . : ; . i . . . i . . !..- .1,!,... 0 I 111) MMIll II O I 1111' Mlll., i o o Fnit'd Slates government must under take to d so. This statement was regarded in many quarters :is an in dication that the administration in tends to reintroduce the shipping ht-11 at the next session of eonirre.-.-. Ci'M- Hums Bond. Pres't Wilson declared that the lends of trade now Lc ing forged be tween the American republics would be permanent, lie said it had taken a world crisis to show the American nation.-- their essential unity, but now that they have awakened to the fact that thc were neighbors there was no dat.'.-.er that thee would forget it. The president said in part: "The basis of successful commercial 1 nt i c. .urse is common Interest, not s !iis:i iiiietist. It is an actual inter- hanue of services and o'f values; it H "based upon reciprocal relations and not si Pish l- l.it.oiis. It is based upon thoe tiling u''On which all successful econouiic tnti t ;ni:i'i must be based, because m i:,.a;n.vS preeds suspicion, suspicion, ho-tility; and hostility, fail- ure Trving to Bo of Fe. are n.it, therefore, trying to is" of ach other, but we are to ! f use to one another. r s-.rpn-mg to me. it is even " i ma ke t ry i n -It is v a source of leien-e 1 i U nun t meat ion. that a eon tb.is should have been so long delayed, 'b it it si oecum d before, t hat t e. mired a risis of t h lould tn ej- ha e ii should haw world to show i - - - - tbe Americans hov trulv the were neighbor.-, to one another, are any happy eiri um-tant a men. arising out of the pr If there , gentle st nt d is tte.-.-mg conditions of t! j hat that it has rev e.ilee le world it is 1 us to one an other; it has shown us what it means u h neighbor.. "And I c.mnot help huboriug the hope, the verv high hop'- that by this uititene of'idcas with one another. . n ei.num re; in goods, .we may siiow t!v worbl iti t f would be part the path of a c rv great thing if the" Americans could add to the di tit.cM.m which they already wear, this of sb.oxr iru' the way to peace, to perm- an nt peace. v.iv to peace for us. at any . ' is uninfect. It is the kind of . a!r ; ion. ,,,. .n.es not inote n-ic:- It is the knowledge that men e 1 P. ! anotl e . i n.. -re.itest serine 10 oi.- M nation.s of the grc.itrst r a' s . r ' O . - V b . :. ..f of "th ; Tin-re i w i-h t that :s doi'-g t . t. o e 1 V.el !H I . ll fl i o- .e b. i en i i' m s o o i i j . i ,.-.ih- i ir'i . . eMmir and when the K1SLS mtercours" i-; 11 1 1 l ' . o . . 1 1 n t v take one wa i"i n no u - v. . i .......... . . At. niid un.uii.ii.' I making bettrr e tiling:' we seek g.ods. 1 I ' to do for ach . 1 1 r better, if we can. than vo't do them ght. l ..a cim rir,:' nil on. If We t we. .111'. . .....-- , i' .i,lt,ini a it .ilousv as that to excel us. . I.4I- i I "I am so k. . Tii v" aware that a , e..-. i t.;. ;.. i.niiio. (i personal irienosi.io i- io.- t- is t t:ri m v, , Hence that I am s r-'i - ...j,- i. .sij for the i t tt, a i. oe'v basis for the l ii i l . - fru r,'lMn of n itiotis. thi. handsome rivalrv. tlo rixalrv in which there d l.-l'.ke. The yi tlrv in which tnere is II'!. I t O 1, III" ; i . . , ; . . . t ..... ... atb n in great enterprises which wo can undertake m common. "Th-re is one thing that I have-hie-.V, in ii. ind and that is the phsl- ral kok the a k ef nieittis of ( oinnr.inication. of chhb-s. th.e lark of ships, of e ; h.hed rutes of tratle. Th.e ! o-k . Tho t u i f th. oe things wliich are ab- iv r.h'ivvirv i: w are to nae w are to T rue comm'rci.il and intimate com- men-Mai r .it:-1 r. with one another; rf. i tly ( b ar in my judg if i,rivat capital cannot U) .-.. the adventure of es- jinn I am merit that oon Ti ' " r MKifd.ir- the physieal means of t'omrn nn'.r.t'. uei. th government must indeitake to do f-o. Latest Bulletins From War Zone CUXSTA XTIX H'lAZ ( ia Ber lin and Amsterdam), .May 24. The war office announced that the Turkish torpedo gunboat Pelenk-1-Dcria wvs torpedoed by a hos tile mi!. marine at the Dardanelles Xunday and .sunk m deep water. One hundred and nine members of her crew were saved, hut two were drowned. The Peleiik-I-Deria was a ves sel of si tons. .She was built at Kiel. Germany, in lsiu and in recent years had been used as a depot ship for the Turkish tor pedo llotilla. PA IMS, May J 4. Another Ger man air raid was made against Paris today. A Taube Hew over the northern suburbs during the morning and dropped several bombs, but the damage was slight and there were no casualties. DCXDX, May IM. Another advance for the British at Festu bert. south of Xeuve Chapclle, in northern France and the repulse of German counter attacks in which the Germans were mowed down by the score of British ar tillery are reported in official dis patches from the front today. XKU'CASTbi:, England. May - 1. The imiil steamer Iris report ed today that it was unsuccess fully attacked by a German .sub marine on Saturday 1UU miles off th mouth of the Tyne. The steam er escaped from the submarine and later rescued Jj men of the steamer Minerva, which the sub marine had torpedoed. BFBBIX (by wireless). May 2 4. Br pulse of French and Brit ish attacks at three points in the western theater of war Is an nounced in today's report from the German general staff. The scenes of the German suc cesses wert' Xeuve Chapelle, Givenchy and the Borette hills. The Germans took 130 prisoners. BBBDIX (via Amsterdam). May -4. Diplomatic relations be tween Germany and Italy were severed today according to an an nouncement made here. War will follow. Germany will sup port her ally Austria, in eery possible way. PARIS, May 24. Despite their heavy losses near Vpres and north of Arras, the Germans have resumed their offensive in both regions. according to today's French war ottice communique. O XSTAXTIXOPDK (via Ber lin arid Amsterdam. May -4. Two thousand soldiers of the al lies were killed in an attack upon the Turkish positions at Sed-l'l-Bahr. Gallipoli neninsula, according- to an official statement issued atthe war otrice today. The attack was completely pulsed, the statement adds. re- VREELAND HOTEL PUT IN RECEIVER'S HANDS .lodgment of SJO.UOO Is AkeI Serio of .Mortgaue Notes ami Hack Kent. Oil .MICHIGAX 1'ITV. Ind , May 24. The Vrc eland hotel was today placed in the hands of Samuel J. Taylor as receiver upon petition of Frank Vree land of Chicago, owner of the real estate. The suit was directed against V. ('. Barton on a series of notes se cured by mortgage and for back rent. A judgment of $-0.'UU is demanded. 10 KILLED AND SIX HURT IN HOTEL FIRE Flames Destroy the S80,000 'Raleigh'' at Peekskill, New York. PBBKSKIBIj. X. Y.. May 24. Two persons wire kilid and six injured when tire gutted the $st'.00 Hotel Babiuh l:ere early today The tiro started in the kitchen and spread so rapidly through the frame building that several persons were compelled to jump from the second story win- i i oe.v bodies of I M ward Mc(ormiek. an employe, and f a 1'rench music teacher w h:;: name has not et been earned hao been taken from the ' niilK rfosvpn s iiiiosaii. ciiKuier i me Joseph ire (lebartmeru. was enousiy miuieo while rescuing a clerk from the roof. Fireman Sellick was smoke. P.eth are in overcome by the hospital. f along wun niao s.i-m.- ihi wtm . . .... ...1. . .. . . . l I'sriio trom lia from ha!lvas and roofs. .m.uij i1-'"" hotel w hen the ( re sie ping in the ire was discovered in ... . . i .. t . r tiie Kitcnen :y a paenj. ie4.ire an alarm should be sounded trie names spread tnrougn me sniomie. night garment, no n and women rushed to windows or to th' roofs. Some leaped to the ground before tho tircimn arrived. Ladders hastily rais ed were seared by heat and firemen were unable to ascend them. Finally ladders ncro placed to make a bridge from an adjoining building and many wire carried ovtr these to safety. TWO MILLION IIOl lL LONDON. May 2 4. The cost of war to all nations involved is f stimated at $2,000,00 an hour. Japan's expendi tures up to today total 0.000. noo, and an additional J9.00u.000 Loj; been asked for. RUSSIAN SHIP !S SUNK WITH GREW l THEBLAGK SEfl Battleship Panteleimon Is Lost, According to Berlin Dispatch Czar's Men Direct Suc cessful Attacks in Galicia. P.L'KI.IX (by wirelessi. May 1. The Overseas Xews agency to day announced the rec.-ipt of a dispatch from Bucharest stating that the Russian battleship Pan teleimon had been sunk in the Rlaek sea with 1,100 men. The naval record gives the complement of the Panteleimon as 741 men. She was a vessel of 1 2 , 5 S 1 tons. .17:: feet long, and 7 feet in the beam. Her armament consisted of four ll'-inch guns in pairs in turrets, fore and aft; 1 six-inch guns, four to a ease ment; a lL'-ineh battery; 14 three inch guns; six three-poundera and live lS-ineh torpedo tubes. PKTKOGIiAn. May 2 4. Successful Russian attacks against the right wing of the Austro-Gerrnan armies In (la lieia were announced by the Russian war oittce today. The following state ment was issued: "In the Shavli district the enemy retained strongly fortified positions at liubje. but considerable forces at tempting to cross the Dubissa wero driven back. "Between Prcmysl and the Dniester marshes the enemy continued his un successful attacks to break our front between llusakow and Kroseienko. On the right bank of the Dniester the enemy reached our trenches several times, but was eventually repulsed, losing 17 olticers and G40 men, to gether with a number of machine guns. Russians Tako OflVnio. "On the night of May 20 the Rus sians assumed the offensive in the Dniester district, capturing 700 more prisoners and four machine guns. "The enemy keeps up a heavy ar tillery flro from Dolina and Kolomea. "On the Xarew front, in the Pisca valley, Russian troops repulsed an at tack. "On the left bank of the Vistula, the enemy, supported by a strong force of artillery, was driven back from the village of Dobra. "On tho Makowiec-Vetline front, a counter attack by tho enemy on the night of 'Mav 2 2 was repulsed." ILL FOUR YEARS; SUICIDES 'Tinsmith" Candidate Again-t "Auc tionei'r" Shank Hangs Self. IXUHAXAPOLIS, Ind., May 24. I Charles A. Gauss, bJ years oui, wno gained prominence as the "tinsmith" mayoralty candidate against Auction eer U'w Shank, four years ago, is dead today a suicide. Shortly after being defeated. Gauss suffered a nervous and mental break down and had been an invalid sinco that time, l-tto yesterday he was found hanging from a rafter in the attic of his home. A widow and 12 children survive him. TRACTI0NHEAD IS ILL President of Ton Wayne Company in Critical Condition. FORT WAYNK. Ind.. May 2 1. James M. Rarrett. president of the Fort Wayne & Northern Traction Co. was in a critical condition earLy to dav. following an operation for ap pendicitis. Rarrett served one term in the general assembly n,s senator and is widely known throughout the state. BAN ON WAR ARGUMENTS Chicago Police Take Precautions I'ol louing right. CHICAGO. May 2 4. The police of the West Chicago av. district today were ordered to break up all street gatherings where the war was under discussion. The order was the result of Jake Komeakeak. an Austrian, be ing beaten by a crowd of Italians and Poles. His skull was fractured. GERMAN DYES GOING .supply Will i:han-ted Within Month, Says Agent. NKW YORK. May 24. The supply of dye stuffs of German origin now on hand in this country is rapidly diminishing and will probably hve disappeared by the middle of uext month, according to a special report to Sec'y Redtield by Thomas H. lXor ton. commercial agent of the dcrt ment of commerce. sTi :a m s 1 1 1 1 mo v i l 1 1 :x rs. NLW YORK. May 24. No steam ers sailing today. Due to arrive to day: New York from Liverpool; Ks caloTia. from Manchester; Unit a, from Rotterdam; Arioto. from Hull; Rac- chus. from Amsterdam; Homer City. f nun dam ; from from Haie; Minerva, from Amster lr:ne. from Algiers; Sverre. Hartlepool; Livingstone Court. Havre; Lennox, from Gibraltar; United States, from Christiansand; Frank Mere, from Genoa; Wirral, from Iondon. MARKLTS ARE CI)SKI, IINPON. May 2 4. Imdon and Liverpool markets were closed todav on account of the observance of Whitsuntide Make Soldiers of Cowboys in Two Weeks at Culver CULVKi:. Ind.. May 21. Maj. Gen. Leonard Wood of tho United States army, arrived here today from New York to see the result of an experi ment 'ol. Leo R. Gignilliat, head of the Culver military academy has been making, which may have a far-reaching efft ct on future history of the Unite .States. Two weeks ago Col. Gignilliat se lected 200 cowboys who had no mil itary knowledge, installed them in a camp near the military academy and began making real soldiers out of them. A trained cadet was given charge o each recruit and from early morning until sundown the "rookies" were drilled in trench digging, sham battles, camp duties ami everything that a soldit r must know. Today Gen. Wood reviewed a well trained, perfectly disciplined body of enthusiastic boys who marched in splendid order, handling their rifles like veterans and conducting them selves like seasoned troops. These boys are now a part of the nation's "reserve corps." ready for duty should the time come that their services are needed. Col. Gignilliat declared that in one summer he could train 1,00,000 men and boys by this method. (ien. VxxI Impressed. After he had watched the newly trained soldiers in action Gen. Wood said : "1 have, and do now, most em phatically urge military training in our schools and provisions for this kind of a summer camp. In this manner we could provide a trained reservo sulliciently strong1 in moral ef fect to keep the United States out of war. "I favor tho plan of training men and youths throughout the nation. Officers of tho National guard and graduates jf military academies could act as instructors. 1 congratulate Culver academy in being the first to demonstrate what can be dono with boys in a short time." After the ''rookies" had drilled the regular Culverites gave a cavalry drill, they gave an exhibition of pontoon bridge building and other things con nected with camp and soldier life, latcr Gen. Wood addressed the stu dents and "rookies." Ho returned to Xew York late this afternoon. SLAYS WIFE AND CHILD Richmond Man Oils Own Throat After Double) Murder. RICHMOND, Mich., May 2 4.- After a fa.mily quarrel, Henry Erdman clubbed his wife of a few months and her eight-year-old daughter to death. After throwing the two bodies into a spare room of his home, ho cut his throat with a razor It was said that Krdman had a ehaiice for recovery Ho declared that his life was worth noth ing and that he wished his intention upon his own life had been successful. He would give no reason for tho double murder. FIVE DIE IN EXPLOSION Roller on Dredge Machine in New Jersey Gives Way. RORDKNTOWN, N. J., May 24. Five persons wero killed today when a boiler exploded on the sand dradging machine Delaware owned by the Dela ware River Dredging Co. The dead are: Anthony Mattic, captain: John Var ley. engineer, and the wife and two children of Harrv Stout, steward, who had come to visit Stout. U.S. 10 WORK HARDER TO KEEP PEACE NOW Entrance of Italy Into the War Arena Will Call for Another Neutrality Proclamation. WASHINGTON, May 24. The en trance of Italy into the European war now involving approximately one-half Urn population of the world, over shadowed all other matters in diplo matic and in official circles here to day and temporarily put to the rear speculation things concerning the Gcrnan note in the Lusitania dis;u t r and the differences between Eng land and the United States over the British order in. council affecting neutral commerce. At the time this is written Ambas sador Thomas Nelson Page at Rouie has not informed the s.tato depart ment of the declaration jf war by Ii;i!y but this government a'.ready lias begun preparation of a proclamation of neutrality. Orticial notc-e from Ambassador Page of the Itahr.n dec laration wa expected before; the close of the day. The neutrality proclamation which will P. issued fallowing receipt of Italy's declaration will follow those ;ued as ration after nation entered the European war. Diplomatic and otTicial citjUs. of course, are not discussing the casting of the oie by Italy. Her action, how ever, will cause olticials to w.r:c even harder for the continued peace of t Ills nation provided that jvac? may be main.'airied with honor. TRIES TO FIREBIG LINER NEW YORK. May 21. James Rarrie. a former local pugilict, was arrested today when the liner New York docked, and taken to Elli? Island for observation as to his sanity. o:hccrs of the Jiner reported that he tried times to set tire to the ship while it was proceeding to America from England. EilS0N iOFFICI. LINE OF DIXIE HIGHWAY Designation of Second Route With This City as Terminus Is Made to Allay Bitterness Following Fight. CHICAGO IS TERMINAL OF THE FIRST ROUTE Local Delegation Returning from Session at Chattanooga Report a Series of Fights for Entire Line of Way. Although there were two routes se lected for the Dixie highway Saturday at Chattanooga by the commissioners, one with a terminus at Chicago and another at South liend the latter will eventually become to be recognized as the real and only route. This was the assertion of II. G. Spaulding, secretary of the Chamber of Commerce and sec retary of the local Dixie highway committee that attended the Chatta nooga meeting. The report Sunday that outh llend hud been ignored by the commission was explained as resulting from the fact that the report was sent out be fore the commission had linally ad journed. It appears the commission went into session Saturday morning and mapped out the route wi'h Chi cago as the terminus. It then took a short recess and went into session uguin and named the route with South Bend as a terminus. .News of the lat ter action did not reach the city until South Bend delegation arrived Sun day morning. The hearings on the loutc were be gun Thursday morning with the com missioners from Florida being lirst. Working north each commission was heard in turn, Indiana getting her inn ing Friday. Alter each commission was heard, which took all ol ! inlay, the routing of the road was begun Saturday morning. Th-i routing be gan at tiie north end with Chicago and worked south. Sos." ion a Series ol Fights. According to reports iiuui the local delegation the session at Chattanooga was one light after another. From Jacksonville, Fla., clear to Chicago there wero two routes fought for all the way. Politics played its part in the whole affair, senators, congress men, ex-governors and party leaders from each state represented, being on the seen-. For a time there was such confusion and bitterness that it was feared the whole proposition would have to be abandoned. Finally it ap pears in order that all could be satis lied, two routes were decided upon. Tho commissioners encountered tho lirst light before the route had been out of Florida. A Talahassee com missioner fouu'ht hard and long for the route to uo from Jacksonville to his city. He rinally won. The next two-cornered battle wls put up by D.iltori and Home. (Ia. i hese two! cities are only 1j miles apart. Fach was satisfied. Then L.-uis illc, Ky., and Cincinnati, o., took the rloor. Kich was given a route. Then came the tight of Indiana. A diamond shaped route from Chattanooga to In dianapolis was adopted, one by way of Iviuisvillo and the other by way of Cincinnati. la.-v-4's Through Daiixillc. From Indianapolis one route extends northeast through Crawfordsvillc to Danville. 111., thence to Chicago. The other route from Indianapolis fcdlows the .Michigan road through Dogansport to South Bend from which point it continues to Michigan, fol lowing the bake shore lrom l. Jo seph to Mackinaw. Michigan is also given the opportun ity to build a line fr m Mackinaw along the east side of Michigan along the lake to Detroit, connecting there with a branch which may be contin ued up from Cincinnati. The main routes represented by commissioners were the first announc ed Saturday but the commissioners remained in session and during the evening mapped out tho other routes which were agreed upor and announc ed late Saturday night. south Bend now has the remarkable distinction of being on the main lines of the Lincoln highway, the National Parks highway and tie Dixie high way, which will use the west Michigan pike in its northward course to the Straits of Mackinac. The South Bend committee which returned yesterday included F. Louis Kuhns. chairman; A. Frank, William Happ and SvCy Spaulding. This citv is alco included in the route of the lied Trail, running from Denver to New York, and a highway rinning from Detroit via Jackson. Battle Creek and Nilrj:. A highway r inning from Traverse City. Mich., to south F.end by way of Orarid Rapids and Kalamazoo is now l.dng contem plated, which will probably be built within the next few- years. May Bnihl Arth Hero. Plans are now under way for the erection of a gigantic arch here, mark ing the intersection of the many high ways that pass through th city. The arch will be engraved with the names of the various roads, their terminals, an. I tiie distance of the mo-t import ant cities from South Bend. 1 ITU Alpine Chasseurs Drive Back Invading Hosts of Franz Joseph's Army Great Head quarters Established at Bologna. ROME, Mav 24. Austria lias Italy with air attacks launched against Venice, Peri" C;sni. Ancona, Barletta and GeM. Austrian aeroplanes at Venice bombarded the arsenal. The cities mentioned lie alons the eastern part "t I tab. ;: the Adriatic. ROME, May 2 4. An Austrian aeroplane which Tie v. across the Alpine rane 'early today, attacked Varenna, on the e;w bank ' Lake Como, but was driven olV by hih anle iins ar.d an Iialian dirigible. ROME, May 24. Austrian destroyers that attempted t, bombard the Adriatic port of Barletta todav were driven on by Italian t-rped boats after thev had fired a few shells. IIOMK, May :M. Hostilities have begun between the Italians and the Teutonic allies. Austrian troops were the first to attack, but the clash re sulted in a success for the Italian Alp ine chasseurs, who drove the Austrian invaders hack upon their own soil through a mountain pass between Bont Di I,egno and Bejo. Lieut. -Gen. Count Luigi Cadorna, chief of staff of the Italian army, has left for the. front. He was accom panied by the Duke D'Asolo, cousin of King Victor Fmmanuel. Great headquarters will be estab lished at Bologna. The court will be moved to Florence. A dispotch from Basle quotes the Wolff bureau, the official news agency cf Germany, as saying that th. Ger man government ha declared war against Italy. Germany has been and si ill is moving seasoned veterans, who have campaigned in France and Bel gium, to tho Austro-Italian front. All German and Austrian merchant ships in Italian ports, valued at $liofi,u00. have been seized by the Italian government. Italy has a quarter of a million men n assed along the Austrian frontier. The peaks of the Alps' bristle with niortarj an 1 howitzers. The railway center of Fdine. 14 from the Austrian border, has turned into a hospital base. great miles been I'hlans on Se-ont Duty. Italian patrols along the 'Venetian border report seeing many troops of Prussian uhlans who arj doimr the chief scout duly for the Austrian. These uhlans were detached from the legions that preceded on Kluck's troops on th great drive through France last fall. It is reported that the Italian l.'h seas tie t has put to sea und'-r the Duke D'Abruzzi to bombarj the Austrian defenses on the Adriatic. Heavy troop movements are under way. All the railway In the kingdom have bren given over to the use of the military authorities, a steady stream of soldiers passing riorl aw ard tlowed through Bonn: today. The sight of the uniforms and the con stant crash o f martial music inspired the people to reat patriotic denwm- srrations. The street rang with cheers and the Italian Hag tli. s from nearly all th buildings in the city. Hostile demonstrations were made before the Aus!rian and German em bassies. Sees Long. iHoody 'ar. Baron Sonnirio, the f.reicn minis ter, upon receiving word from the Duke D'Avarna ambassador to Aus tria, that he had formally- handed to Italy's Declaration of War and the Reply H-..N.NA. .May: i. The Italian ambassador to Austria, the Duke of Avarna, presented to Baron von Bu rien. the Austro-IIungirian foreign minister, th.j Italian declaration of w a r. VIL'XXA. May -i!, U l Conform ably with the orders of his majcsiy, the king, his august sovereign, the un dersigned ambassador of Italy, h u the honor to deliver to his excellency, the foreign minister of Austria-Hungary, the following communication: "Delcaration has been made as from the fourth ef this month, to the im perial and royal government of the grave motives for which Italy, confi dent in her good right, proclaimed, annulled and henceforth without ef fect her treaty alliance with Austria-Hungary, which was violated by the imperial and royal government, and resumed her liberty of action in this respect. "The government of the king, firm ly resolved to provide py all means at the disposal for safeguarding Italian rights and interests, cannot fail In its duty to take against every existing and future menace measures which eents impose upon it for the fulfillment of national aspirations. "His majesty, the king, declares that he eonside rs himself from tomorrow In a state of war with Austria-Hungary. Tli iijirajsracd Iut. the honor to T ASS FIRST IK opened her v.-anare v a i the Austrian foreign :?!.. h.dv's declaration of war. r ::i-;r'-. d i his colleagues: "We must hae no i lb!-; It n.av be a long war. It v. ill 1 m a- hmu a th"4 war in Kurope las's." Dispatches from r. ; . . Miiin. Genoa and otlv-r tioit'oni :ii.s stated that the war fei .t : ur-.v-ing. They also brought news tb it A i tria w a.s aggressively ; o tl .;, ri n ir hostilities on a big s.-ab. All along the lrontier the A u.si ri.t r.s .-ire inin. ing and dynamiiing Milage.-. ;ini .,'! other constructions that vouj,j ... terfere with their artillery tir way bridges hao ).. n d Mrowi Mj.d long lines of redoubt built abm-: t1..' sides of the mountain v.ill. v From Verona it repoit. i t! ,t Austrian troops hae torn up .i Fori of the rail .iy b iw-u 'oii;. and Borghetto. nne'hnd-.- was d:-.i-mited ami another w.i- ibauoii-ii .1 with shell fire. ( in the front;. Trent the Austrians haw r.-iiM.i to their fortifications. l',.i iy t in i- i Tyrollan, Kuthcniau and I '., m i.i n troops have arrived at Trent. n i -noticeable that the Prussian .. d Bavarian troops, drawn from ti-.- ;. r. rr.'.n armies, are asM-ned t. -. where tbe hottest fighting is eNt ... i, Many German army oitieers ha . m sent to the line to lirect the op. ac tions of the Austro-German !o-:ev The Corriere D'ltalia. a b.oiitg Bornan Catholic npipr. ii-di-.s a lori-'. ha rd - fon glit strii--;!.-. Merl Worthy I o. "Fortunately for th.e hot.ot ,. .r country we v, ill meet ..i.-is..:-worthy of our stee'," says thi- .,,,, r. "Cbir offensive .advance wii! n.u !,. simple military parade, . : ? ., t, lVj march over a thorny path." All the papers empha.-i.e l!,. ;, ousimss of the struggle wha'h It. h' has ent'-red. Tiny point ir tne r that Germany and Au-tria ai" fight ing for their national itenc, .,.,.! that tliey have rt7 1 a I .:.- ' r anger against thK coumry : e, ., Italy vithdru from th rr;nb a1 a erj". 'Die Italian pojde ;ir- .o put on the extreme proof. In official eir'-h'j tli" j . . . 1 1 r i . . ! .-ff.-. t f-f Italy's rritran'e into th.. war di vided inter st 'vjfh new s of d. e!o;,-ment-- at th'-- fr ont. A vreat rp, d a-: enible.I in from of the r - -; :,. ,,f tiie Botimanian minister s'i-a;" "Viva P.oumania!" Tho diplomat appeared ;,r.j .,t Jr sponse cried: "Viva Italia! ' i;,, mania is believf.,j to have wr,,.? agreement with Pair ly wbici. will follow this ration into the .,:. make known at the v..;,;,. r,( excellency, the fore-trn oani-. ; patsp'rts will he jd.u . i tl . . - , at tho dispo-ai of the jn.p. ::..! a-. ! roy.al aml assador at Borne a:..i h j be ohdiged to his eellenej :f ,. v...'. kindly huvr. hU pa.-p.,rt., ban.. .; h i m . (Signed "A VA UNA." ornmi; giibman bfpia. bf.t.VbO.V. May 1' 4. A B-rbn rial d;.-p,iteh. received W.iV . f Aii: stcrdam. ami dated .May 2.;, so-. "T.he Itali.tn government :..;.,y caused to be declared through th . n;-ba.-.-.i-ior to the A'.isfr.a-i iur.g.: ; i n gov r;.r:, nt. th- D 'ike of Avar:..!, ii. , Italy ' jt.rs 1j. r.-' f j-j ;t ti! f war with Austria-Hungary. Tb. It.il.an gov ern:n t , i.y t . . . -j inexcusable attack against ti e d .. i monarchy, lias als-o brdk-Ti. w ,th ',:: right or w ithout ground, her ..ia.ua e with e;crmany. "The loal rcl.ifier.-hiji vi-tr g cor.f.rmably with the treaty l.uwtui Austria-Hungary .ind !; (iuiian .. m pire and st.ll more f.rn.lv w.'.fid b- the -omrailf --hip of" :inii h.a. r : t!:. e .I u:iimpa.:a ! K" the def. etion .f t ! : third aby an.i 1. -b rtb-n to ;. . . :. cm's e.imp. T:ie t;. t!i, m an! t.-.- s. dor th' r forn. h,.s ra ei d i : : t : ; ; g -tbr.s to ba'.e Br. me onJunt! with the Auistro-liunarin auu as; idr."