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SOUTH BEND NWS.TIMES Morning Evening Sunday. JOHN HENRY ZUVKR, Editor. GAPIULL P.. Pl'MMKRS, Publisher. ON'f.T OCI Tf:i I'KK" MOKXIXC RN'(HIfK Pri:K IN XdKTIIKKX INDIANA AND ONLY PA PK ft KM PI.OIN; TIIF. INTMtNATIONAL NKWM hKKVIC'K IN OITII IJKND No oliior nevp:ipr In tli täte pmtetM -r t Ifi-1 wire nlgM and liy news . rvb-es; hU only ticM-coltjnm p ipr In - 1 1 1 - ..-jMl.ie Indianapolis- PuMNhM ttt ir of tf' .vir ri'1 t!- ''Ii nil 'lay except Sunday ami J!o5i1ji" i:atere"i al Le South Ueml " pototIite as eeonJ flai rr.alL THE NEWS-TIMES PRINTING COMPANY Orfiee: 210 W. Colfax A v. Home Phone 1151. ati'l Call at the nrTi' T tIphon ahovo RH1 I'hone 21"0. numtir ana &k A,.ntlns l'-r -r.int ..It--- If Tur ...in I In lb; W' Insertion Iteport delivery or hn. fUrwtftrr. Mil will 1" nmlii lifter :in ail of whl-h rj."nl to Home Phnuw Hol and Uell -iuo. Kl IW UirTION KATKS Morning and S!rg o'. Sunday. V; Morning or l.venlng d.Uv. In-lVdinz Swn.l.j. by mill. P' 'r.1'1 I-:Sv.r..l l.v .-nrrr In So-jfh P.end and Mlsbawaka. f-00 per year la ü-lvarce, or Y: ly the week. AnVKRTIMN KATK. Auk th advertiins dopr,nnt. For.len A-UertHing l pr-uta tlv. : NK. - -N : A VOoIiIN. 'Si Fifth Ar. New York City and Adv. J-l'U . rhi.-r.tr .. Th Newa-'Uni.- eroliver t- kf"P ts n1vertling ,!iin.i. fr from fraudulent iiiNreprnMtlen. Any lr""' (ImIhI through putr-iMCe of y advertisement In this P-M'r Ulli confer m f.ivur on the management ly reirtn the f.t t ompltdy. pcsures, the places that are the more notorious, and then have been of a caliber as witnesses that a Jury could 1? secured to depend upon them. Happily the housing survey is to be of a higher type of investiga tion, than leuthint; for gambling hells, or the other low vices, and the correction of the abuses discovered tan be differently pursued. Our point is that while the survey is desirable for the most complete results, it is not an advance essential to the removal or correction of conditions for the discovery of which a purvey is not necessary. We are for better housing and sanitary conditions and the survey i. a means to the end rather than to the beginning of that betterment. Which is submitted Tor whatever It may be worth to our contemporary in its proposed investigation of clean ups; for its enlightenment on a general principle to which the administration seems profoundly devoted. The rule seems to be. pass some Kind of a law, then noine; have a secret investigation, then great noise; final and effective results nothing. JUNE 2, 1916. NOT PEERLESS FOLLOWER. Mr. Bryan declared, at Saratoga, that he has "about reached the point horche can no longer follow a political party which refuses to indorse national pro hibition.' This does not sojr.d at all like William J. It prompts us to ask what party he has been following, when we fully understand that he has been peerlessly leading the democratic p;-rty for 20 year. It is late for Mr. Bryan to pse as a mere follower. For a decade, he has l" n head pilot in the head toat headed up alt rier. for a party that was his. lie may have reached the point where be tan no longer lead the party but. down at the b.-ttom of the pit of political oblivion, are . whole lot of perfectly fine demo-ryts who will swear that William never followed their party a min ute, in any direction. May'e the Cr an declaration that he is a follower is just the tirst act in insidious flirtation with the pro hibition party. SAVE THE HOUSING SURVEY FROM FATE OF THE VICE INVESTIGATIONS. A clean-up of the Keller administration clean-ups, re ported to have been proposed in the more lay circles, where men of atlairs "ho believe in public morality have grown weary of the perpetual bluff, and going off hnlf-covked, that ha marked the administration prof-es-es; such a clean-up. we say. might not be such a bad thing even though we opine that t'i. idea origi nated in the editorial brain of our esteemed contem porary. So far as concerns anyone else haing suggested it. ns the aforesaid contemporary represents, we have grave doubts, but if we can help a mite in fostering the idea, here's to its success. The expediency with which open defiances of law, involving saloon violations, and other vices, are ov-r.oVrtfd. while the administration goes on exploring dark ruesses and bringing forth skeletons, which, in most cases, it seems unable to identify, is get ting to be almost a bore. It is about time that some body lifted the e:l. We wi h our contemporary, with as much assistance as it can get from business men or otherwise, would tackle the job and tackle it quick. Aside from lending our influence whatever that may l,0 we have about all we c;.n do to keep track of what appears to us like dod:;ing ramifications, incident to our own bttle campaign for better housing. While we supported the housin-i survey appropriation, ap j. rosed by our contemporary, and by a series of exposes aroused public opinion to the point where the surey was demanded, and the appropriation made possible, recent developments seem to be exploiting it as a mere vehicle for dodging correction of conditions, plain ly isible without any survey very much as it is now apparent thai the Quilhot and Olmstead-Dibler sleuth ing expeditions were exploited. Understand. This is not going back on the housing surey. nor decrying the desirability of it. it is not saving that an expert even a government expert is not a desirable person to make the survey. Certainly someone more expert in housing and sanitary methods than Sleuths" Olmstead and Dibler were in police mat ters, ought to be secured for the job. The point is that while pursuing the survey, or even delaying it. in order that an expert may be secured, the laws on the statute and ordinance books are not necessarily suspended, and it is no: necessary to overlook open iolations of them with recard to housing and sanitary matters, accepting i the forthcoming survey and prevision for it, as sulTicient for corrective purposes. What South Hend wants is rt suits, and the surv ey followed up. will make those re salts more complete, but meanwhile there are condi tions that need correction for which no survey is neces sary. Our tomp'.aint h'is more to 1o with the evident in clination i.f our city administration to overlook car buncles in or.ier to get at a pitnp ?. Surveys and sleuth ing stem to ! sort of s-vnonymous terms, judging fiom the way th- are considered at the city hall. The audacity of th more defiant, or less secretive law breakers, appears to sort of stupefy our city officialdom, r.r.d then to detract attention from its stupidity, or something or other, it go-- after the more timid and a.-hamed. rcmding t hem up in dark corners, and then trotting then, iVrth in groups arrud great display of STEINBRINCK'S PUNISHMENT. Th United States has the formal assurance of Ger many that "appropriate punishment" has been inflicted on the commander of the U-boat who torpedoed the liner Sussex. The New York Sun sugts that the "punishment" was nothing more severe than an hon orable decoration. There J? circumstantial evidence to that effect. The Sussex wvja blown up on Marh 24. On April 21 the Iondon Times, the most accurate newspaper In Great Britain, carried this item among its Berlin dispatches: "Naval First Lieut. Otto Steinbrinck, the commander of a German submarin, has received the Ordre pour la Merite (the Order of Merit), and Naval First Lieuts. Wenninger and von Werner, both commanding subma rines, the Cross with Swords of the Royal Order of the House of Hohenzoljern." This, it wdll be observed, was nearly a month after the commission of the Sussex offense, which caused the American ultimatum to Germany and led to the pledge of U-boat reform. Otto rfteinbrinck was commander of the U-l. which sunk the Sussex. At the time when the honor was conferred on him the identity of the guilty submarine and its commander was not known outside of Germany. It certainly looks as if Stein brinck was decorated for that particular exploit. Of course, it is possible that he was afterwards pun ished, in compliance with our government's demand and the German government's assurance. Iut our efforts made through diplomatic channels to learn of the precise nature of the commander's punishment seem to have failed. This situation naturally recalls the ca.se of Capt. Hoy-Ed. whose illegitimate activities in the United States, under the cloak of the German diplomatic ser vice resulted in his forced recall. It was announced recently in a dispatch from Copenhagen that Boy-Ed had been decorated by the kaiser with the Order of the Hed Eagle "in recognition of his services in America." If these reports are true, the kaiser is still using strange methods to cultivate American friendship. PIONEERS. James J. Hill was a glorified pioneer. He did on an imperial scale what hundreds of thousands of hum bler Americans are doing in their own modest way. Instead of developing one farm, Mr. Hill developed an empire. Instead of winning a quarter section from the wilderness and making it fruitful, he populated several great states and laid the foundations for vast community wealth, where there had been only barren solitude. He was the typical American, only on a bigger plan than most of us. The American (Including our broth er, the Canadian, for Mr. Hill was born in Canada) is essentially a pioneer. He must forge ahead, occupy the waste places, challenge nature in its harsoest moods and turn its hidden forces to his own use. latterly the impulse has seemed weaker, but that is only because its immediate object is changing. The west Is getting rilled up. There is no more "frontier." The plains, mountains and deserts have been explored. Their possibilities are pretty well known. Transporta tion, the pre-requisite, is well started. Territorial de velopment henceforth must be pretty much a matter of steady growth along established lines. But there remain plenty of opportunities still for pioneering. They involve the development of unsus .0 resources of human energy. And we may yet have many a James J. Hill to create new empires in the grc?. northwests of business, industry, science, art and literature. MURDER TRIAL CELERITY. New York, with its well known fondness for protract ing murder trials, surprised the country' by the celerity with which it disposed of the Waite case. There was one of the most spectacular affairs in the history of crime. A young man moving in good social circles, intelligent and personally attractive, living a blameless life so far as his intimates knew, was sud denly revealed as an incredible villain. He was charged with having poisoned his father-in-law, as part of a conspiracy which had already resulted in the slaughter of his mother-in-law. and which- contemplated the wiping out of all his wife's moneyed relatives and then herself, in order that the murderer might inherit their wealth. The case was taken up within a few weeks of the prisoner's arrest, and disposed of in six days. That established a precedert for promptness and dispatch in the metropolitan courts, at least. It must be noted, how ?er, that the prisoner at tempted no defer.se. He apparently sought, by his frank and unfeeling rccit?.l of his crimes, to convey an impression of his irresponsibility. But he mi de no legal right. If he had had Harry Thaw's money and combativeness. who knows how many weeks the trial might have dragge.i along, with legions of quarrelling lawyers and battalions of alienists refuting each other? Promptness and efficiency of court procedure in this country are still accidental rather than deliberate and inevitable. The Velvet Hammer Bv Arthur Brooks Baker FXIHU HOOT. The function of the government is not so quickly learned; Its duties can't be instantly deter mined or discerned; But every class which ever bred upon this fertile map Desired to own the government as its exclusive snap, To get its anxious ringers- on the levers and the screws And operate them to promote its i interests and views. Whenever moneyed interests have raised their frightened yelp. They've always had one soulful source of sympathy and help. The youthful lawyer, champion of predatory Tweed, Who served that worthy person in his doleful day of need, Is still to be depended on to work the will of gold. Although it's barely possible that he is growing old. But it's a sad. a cruel fact which confiscates your goat. That they who have the boodle do not also have the vote. Though Root would find the uncon tested favor of the class. He couldn't swing the necessary franchise of the mass-. He'd surely be a breathless but de feated alsoran, And so the Grand Old Tarty r ust put up another man. For even with Friend Theodore to lay a friendly whack Upon the broad expanses of his plutocratic back. The commoners would carve him with their tried and trusty knife Upon the simple record of his mam- mnn-servln? life. The elephant will have to have a guide of good repute If he's to reach the haystack with his long and hungry snoot. THE MEL TING POT FILLED BY THE EDITORIAL STAFF BLACK' AND WHITE. WITH OTHER EDITORS THAN OURS Our South Bend girls are talking about the rhythmic skill of their dancers. ?Itist be meter in those dances. trumpets indictments, or something. whereupon the ' but the men always admire the pretty "feet" in the populace is supposed to go biinded and forgetful of evervthir.g lse. It's a great system, as long as it works, bvit it doesr.': alvvav s work forever. This isn't i-ajing that a deie--tie service i.-n't essential to the ii. air. tt-nam c of order and decorum; perhaps, even in rounding up the im re , peniy defiant, but. it is a sort of ing in. ch:M;h curi i t and love of adventure that inclines i. to reh.-ii s" rr.i !i thoe tlnnts tht are hard to get. or rtiih-.'ult to i. n.J. poetry' of motion. For some days the gravity of Uncle Sam's foreign relations will not greatly oppress the American public. Canteloupes, conventions, and corn-on-the-cob are com- :th l: r.d v . .;!! -.ever begr idg Quilhot. Olmstead Now that Mishawaka has a new bakery conducted by a South Rend man. the blue stockings can study Browning to their heart's content. or I): all th it he beeM - a-.', th-m hd they brought; The l S. is determined that tfrtat Britain shall no rjJ.U, i.o.d the.v at luH 1.-V; i:icludvw4 i." liltix e.-(longer display that ma'.lvj pi:arsi:, hush martyr. (St. Louis Globe-Democrat.) The summary trial and execution of I'adraic Pearse, "provisional president" of the short-lived Irish "republic," gives Erin another mar tyr. The folly of his abortive revo lution will be forgotten in the mem ory his impulses. Pearse, "a quiet, gentle man. with a hieh sense of justice and a hatred of oppression," as a friend has described him. had been an enthusiast In reviving the study of the Gaelic language and Celtic traditions. For years he con ducted a school for Irish boys in an old mansion close to where lived Emmet's sweetheart. Sarah Curran, made immortal by Moore. He was steeped in Irish traditions. He had contrasted the glory of Brian the Brave with "the 1 365 stat ute of Kilkenny," the horror of the Desmond war, the injustice of the Ulster plantation, the cruelties of "Black Tom" Wentworth, the judi cial spoliations by Strafford, and the later grievances of the Irish. It is not surprising that this lawyer, poet, editor and schoolmaster, a de vout Catholic and a worshiper of Irish heroes, should have been mis led into seizing what he supposed was the supreme opportunity for re establishing Irish freedom. Sir Charles Gavan Duffy, writing long after the Young Ireland party had passed away, showed how even Englishmen of genius had been fascinated by the Irish struggle. Ma caulay's first ballad sang the Celtic resistance to Strongbow, Eyton's first published poem had "The O'Neil" for Its hero, and Southey celebrated Robert Emmet in sympathetic verse. How could an Irish poet resist their spell? Instead of breaking into verse Pearse broke into action. He was soon disillusioned and is sued a plea to his followers to sur render in order to prevent the use less slaughter of unarmed people. The court martial did not stretch the law. Pearse was technically guilty of high treason. He neither sought nor expected clemency. It may be that his summary execution is "good policy," though we doubt it. in view of the utter futility of his rebellion and the motives that prompted it. John Brown was like wise executed for his crazy enter prise, with full warrant of law. But it helped the cause he tried so fool ishly to promote. How a boy orders his dinner when, he is alone: Ice cream and pie and cake. Nuts and more cake. Ice cream, cheese. Salad. Vegetables. Meats, preferably chicken. Soup. Ice cream, pie and coffee. Tee cream and cheese. Richmond. Va., Dispatch. Our enemy is wicked, unregenerate, obtuse. He has the morals of a pig, the manners of a goose. His people are creation s lowest dregs and meanest scum; ins army's inefficient and his king is on the bum; His culture's retrogressive and his soul is cheap and vile. Lord help, that we lick him in the most conclusive style. And en the ther hand we now invite your happy eye To contemplate th merits of our valorous ally. His poople are creation' choicest So wee and rarest pick; His soldiers are the type a foe may kill but cannot lick; Hi., culture Is ascendant and his soul is on the wing; Intelligence and honor reach a climax in his king. But after peace is written and the battle flags are furled, And order re-established in this sj-d and sinful world. The difference which now appears as vital and acute As any void which yawns between the angel and the brute, Will disappear; and presently we all shall wonder why We ever had an enemy or needed an ally. By A. B. B. o C 3 icö: cJh fM T II o For Only We have often wondered why some picture company has not placed a movie showing scenes at the front in the European war on the market. ITiATfKUY. "Have you," said a fair coworker in speaking to the girl at the lihrary. "i 7 0 cent edition of every man?" ROMANCE. A youth who dreamed of ladies fair. Who thought "he'd Te a millionaire, Often figured on going to war. , But was hit instead by a motor car. t When this youth of romance, Awoke in the hospital after his trance, He smiled until he saw his nurse. And then they called for a hearse. Over in Europe they are training dogs to detect submarines. It is claimed the dogs with their acute sense of hearing could pick off a sub quite a distance away. They are to be known as the dogs of war. "What." asked a girl who accord ing to rumor is expecting a proposal in the near future, "is the quickest way to say yes?" Our answer was yep." But the contest is open to all. You got to hand it to Cupid. He is one party who refuses to change styles. "The prettiest bathing suit," says a purchased paper, "is of red satin and short." Fall rugs are now being shown. Have you laid in your winter ccal? Speaking of labor, wo heard a fan remark that even coming down was hard work for the visiting first base man who went in the air for a high throw. Ix)s Angeles is trying to horn in on the realm of fame by claiming to have captured a blushing burglar. He might be a timid burglar for ho works at night in order to keep peo ple from seeing him. NEWS NOTES. Pome of the ig city papers are printing- the picture of a boy named Orpet. From latest reports the war in Europe is still going on. Carranza, so vre understand, has formed the habit and is writing: notes. Roosevelt, it is rumored, is a can didate for president. Some of our famous baseball prophets aro bus' framing alibis. Decoration day was made famous several yevars back when the ball clubs started playing two games on that day. Mexico, we presume has a vice president, hut we can't recall his name, -o "Roosevelt attacks Wilson." Something new under the sun Mothers in a fashionable residence district In Chicago have formed a chaperon club to protect their daughters from insults as they pass through the parks. Short skirts aro held to be responsible. Wonder why they never thought of lengthening the skirts. WOXDKRFUL. A Mexican train was wrecked the other day and not a Yankee was hurt. A marvelous escape from an other demand for intervention. "Preserve infants," is warning to England. Headline. Bottled babies. The Nobel peace prize is going begging this year. If they are look ing for candidates we could men tion a few who have always man aged to flee peacewards. They can boost the price of sundaes, They can raise the price if they wish. But it's not going to hurt your truly, We're not in love with that kind of a dish. o Hi Sibley is back home and admits he's not in on whether Villa is dead or alive. Foxy cuss, that Villa. Sill I IM More Refreshing tltian Coffee at Quarter the Cost 300 CUPS TO THE POUND. ONE TEASPOONFUL MAKES TWO CUPS. Published by the Growers of India Tea The lowest priced instruments on the market are not Columbias and never have been. The manufacturers are unwilling to place the Columbia name on anything: that is a compromise between cost and quality. So, when for S25, you are offered this Columbia "Eclipse" you can be sure'that it is complete and full size; that its tone is typically Columbia round, clear and natural that its makeup and finish are right. The Columbia af fords high class entertainment for the entire family and their friends. Special Terms for a short time" only. $ 1 Casfi3 $ 1 Weekly ' ;i Y; 1 I 4" ' I W 1 THE HIES CO. I Snfi-noS-alO So. Michigan St. I Deliver to my home the Columbia Grafonola . ' showen here at your expense. If instrument is I satisfactory I will make payments of $1.00 casn ana )i.uu weeKiy. Send along 3.re IFill Out and i I Records and J 1.00 Records for which I a-gree to pay cash provided I keep the Grafo I no la, i I Name I I Address , i To-day Mail This Coupon 306-303-310 S. MICHIGAN ST, SOUTH BEND INDIANA. Modern Home Furnishers 1 The death of a high-salaried rail road official, resulting from day and nicht work and worry over freight congestion, flouts once more the cry of "luck" and "pretty soft" and "fa voritism" that marks the aimless envy of the men who don't ge't ahead. There's always room at the top, and it pays to get there. It costs a lot to stay there, too. Phila delphia Ledger. Omaha is taking considerable pride in the statistical claim that more than a million passengers p iss through that city every year. The metropolis of Nebraska seems some what like a merchant who boasts of h;s success because of the large crowds that pass his store. How ever. "n:aha probably gets consider able fun out of watching the train me in and go out. Frov idence Bulletin. IlllP51 1 A Th TTD e oest are the Ch eapesc Electric Lights are the best lights no question there, everybody says so. Electric Lights are the cheapest illumination the new low rate makes this so. Therefore, when it comes to lighting, the best are also the cheapest. Better have lights put in now while we can yet wire at cost. & M, I OUR, MAKE TOrLITT CREAM for chapped hands, fa.ee and Hps. 2-V? Per Bottle. OTTO C. BASTIAN' PvOCffln, Auditor! am Theater Art Materials. Picture Framing . THE I. W. LOWER DECORATING COMPANY South Bend. Indiana Wll Paper Drap&rles Pin SuppJlej ACM Ll-N v2f F3? 1U4 Wltbs H. LEMONTREE ttth Berit' Leading Optotnttrüi Mad ft. MitüÄJUl JOU. Always at Yocr Service New Process Laundry CLEANING & DYLIXG 231 12. Tutt St. IV1I 109. Honve 2516 icGiLL'S SOUTH MICHIGAN P U R M T U II K ST. Opposite Andiforirrni k EGGS TODAY? Striotlv IYe-.h 2'ic Bo. Garden City Creamery 1'22 So. Michigan M. REMOVAL. A. Bugb-e and H. G. Schock have removed the'.rj Abstract of Title business to the 2nd; r'.f.r r of Farmers" Trust Building. 1-:' l" r at h.id of stairway and 1st I iuor next to the Last elevavr. 1 Advt. Union Shoe Co. 223 S. Michigan St.