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South Bend news-times. (South Bend, Ind.) 1913-1938, April 21, 1918, Section 2, Image 15

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SUNDAY, A mn, 21. 191
FrelriL Weener and Albert KrbeU
(Continuc-1 from 2, this Mr.)
girls have finished a large numher
of thread winders and calendars for
the comfort kits and we also have
ready for shipment some fine scrap
t.ooks and checker boards that we
know will please our sick soldiers.
Mrs. Ho-kman wan ill with grip
Tuesday and Wednesday and Miss
Esther Mc-oy took her place.
pupils were dismissed an hour
early Friday to enable the tea hers
to hear a lecture by Mr. Freund, one
of the world's greatest critics.
Mi-s Mary Livengood of the train
ing school i3 cadeting in the kin
dergarten. Many of the children arp inter-f-trd
in watching a robin building
its ne.-t n";ir the window.
We are just putting the finishing
touches to our needle booklets for
our MiIdiers. We hope they do not
trar off as many buttons or have
as many hobs as we have.
Snip, snip, snip and yet we are
snipping rags for feathers for am
bulance pillow:;. My, we sure like
it better than u iving to draw cats,
chickens etc , which never look like
anything anyway.
Ruth I.eighton, ono-A. has moved
to Granger, Ind.
We nne-A's have finished making
."0 thread winder for the soldiers'
comfort kits.
Wo are working on needle books
d rocerics-, groceries. -roceries! We
.vent down to our model grocery
and spnt all of our imaginary
money on groceries and my. what a
hubub. We boys have decided that
it's best to let the girls do the
The two-B'.s and two-A s
working on drinking cups for
'i oss work.
Marv Alice Melnernv Is absent
account, of the mump.'.
Irene Wagekc entered our room
this week. We now have o in our
In a geography tost given this
week most everyone got A.
James Hill jiiat entered our room
from the Henrv Kturiebaker chool.
roi r-a.
Thre were two special promotions
in the four-A. Thoy were Fred
erick Fiedler and Curtis Cowel.
We have three new children in
our room. They are Elizabeth Hol
lan.l from the Iifayette school, Dale
Brintly and Curtis Cowel.
I'd ward and llelon Mazar were
tratisferred to the Perley school.
"Wo are making lamp shades In
dra wine.
We ar learning the song "Hail
The five-A gride is writing essays
for the Humane society.
Harry Mann leaves the school
this week.
SIX -11.
Mrs. Heekman could not teach ua
the fir tt three days las-.' week on ac
count of illness.
We have 21 perfect spelling test
pa pers.
We are not having very good at
tendance. The girls and boys had their pic
ture taken last week by their
sfa i:-f.
Mildred Heekman and Robert
I e Vrees are unable to be in school
on account f illness.
W a,re t-tudying the life of Sir
Walter Scott in literature.
fn Monday we had our regular
calivtnics on the playground.
Most of the children purchase
Thrift -stamps every week.
F.llen Cla in is captain on our
side for the debate against the
!even-RV. The subject of the de
bate is: "ResoKod. That the Unset
tled Condition of Russia Will Tend
to Prolong the War and Help the
iM-rm;in" We have the affirmative
side and the seven-R's have the neg
ative side. We hope that we will
We are reading paper pamphlets
on community and rational life
which were published by the Chicago
Millard Mendenhall
work on a farm. We
have hiru quit school
giad to know that ho
has gone to
are sorry to
but we are
is doing his
bit for the goernment.
The domestic science class had an
interesting talk on the care, of
There were some very good maps
drawn by the pupiles showing the
British and American battles and
routes during the revolution.
We have learned a pew verse for
The "Rattle Hymn of the Republic"
concerning the present war. Next
week we will learn a new war song
to the tur.e of "Marching Through
i leorgia.
Ten stories have been chosen by
Miss I? Ioney from this class for
the Humane society contest.
The seven-A's had their picture
taken last week by their teacher.
Miss Thomson.
Alic RupI .nd n-atrt Flhel. Jr.
Mis William Ta.kT .-i!vd ill
room one.
Xkttxixvtr sra.de- i-bury witii-J u-
nior Red Cross work.
We are talking about the birds
and their nests this week.
Dorothy Millburn and Pauline
FL-cher are absent on account of the
Marjorie Hoyt is spending a few
days in Detroit.
The Mesdames Anwander, O'Brien
and Clouse visited room five Wed
nesday afternoon.
rouu-n AND A.
The four-Ii and four-A classes are
planning their flower and vegetable
gardens this week.
The four-A and five-H measle. vic
tims are beginning to wander back.
Here's hoping the siege is nearly
In drawing we are making check
erboard for the soldiers.
We are studying the Central states
in geography.
We have taken up percentage in
ar thrnetic.
'here are many absentees on ac
count of the measles.
In drawing the fcix-A's have start
ed their checkerboards for the sol
diers. si:i:-ii.
With an unusually high average
wc have won the spelling banner.
A number of children in our room
have written essays for the Humane
society contest.
Carl J. Kish, Editor.
KiNDi irgartex.
Ruth Rlongucst. Magdeline Upp.
Camille Williamson, Klizabeth Jan
kovits, Mary Donna Stickley and
Ignatz Mittermayer have returned
after bedng absent on account of ill
ness. oNi-:-is.
We have finished our Red Cross
thread winders and arc ready to be
gin our needle books. When this
work is finished we will make spring
dowers for our room decorations.
Miss Nelson has returned after a
week's illness.
The children have been bringing
bunches of wild flowers from the
Anton Gorbics is ill with lung
We have completed our drinking
cups for the Red Cror.
Julia Bologh bought a Thrift
stamp this week.
Miss Shirk taught us a new song.
Joseph Nemeth and Rruno Wiik
have reentered after a short absence
on account of illness.
It being a rainy day we drew
rainy day scenes during oar drawing
Our quotation for this week is:
Be kind to all you chance to meet,
In held or lane or crowded street.
Frank Horvath has had the best
arithmetic papers this month.
Peter Fekete and Katherine
Schreiner have the neatest spelling
We are
gram on
four-A is
Ross, and
going to have a short pro
Friday afternoon. Grade
preparing a play. "Betsy
the First Flag." The pu-
pils who
takc part in'it are Mary
Polly, Robert
Kopper and Joseph
Frank Wilk and Joseph
have been absent this week.
For art work this week
making eyeshades for the
we are
riVl'M! AND A.
The five-A's are studying Africa in
geography and the five-B's Canada.
Mrs. Wiedman taught in the five
A grade Monday because Miss Long
was ill.
Most of the children have their
Humane essays finished.
We are writing stories from a pic
ture in fivc-A and five-B grades.
We received our garden seeds
Gladys Ameigh has returned after
a few days' absence.
The absentees for this week are:
Hildegarde Berkeiser. Mary Sakara,
Jacob Kizer, Alex Nemeth amd Mil
dred Finch.
We wrote essays about our net
j In drawing we are making check
erboards for the soldier?.
We have received our seed? for
our gardens.
We received a letter from Miss
Johnson. She wjll be back in a few
Miss Harmon visited the fourth
and sixth grades on Tuesday.
Miss Shirk is assisting with the
music in grades four, five and six
during the absence of Miss Johnson.
Miss Weaver has been ill at her
home all week, but is considerably
better now. she will probably re
turn on Monday.
I tta 0ler and Leora Mnith,
Rev. Babbs gave the marching
quad a good drill in r.ew move
ments Thursday afternoon. We ap
preciate Mr. Babbs interest in our
squad, and hope he will come again.
Many Humane society composi
tions were sent to Sc'y Pershing
on Friday evening.
We received l'ü new books this
week. The name of the book is
"Fool Problems." This is a valu
able book to study in connection
ui?h th war and .he problems uf
tuod conservation.
Our Thrift x Li nip Ear&s- amounted
to $347.74. We will soon have
$1.000. Our sale this week was $30.
Our new cabinot made by the
maiual training department ar
rived last week. This cabinet is an
addition made to our slide and
stereograph case. The new part will
contain our stereoscopes. We de
sire to thank Mr. Appleman and the
boys who made it.
We are getting along nicely with
our Red Cross work. The one-A's
and one-B's have finished their
thread winders. The older grades
are knitting hospital scrub cloths.
We are having an epidemic of
gTip and rnumps.
We have moved the museum from
the office to the second floor It Is
now in a cabinet all by itself.
We have received some very in
teresting letters from Miss Kreutzer,
our .school nurse, who resigned to
go as a Red Cross nurse.
We sent in 75 thread binders that
go in the comfort kits.
Vivian Woodward, Irene Stoner.
Loren Collar bought Thrift stamps
this week.
There are 11 children now buying
stamps. They have been organized
into the "Hoosier War Saving; so
ciety." William Hunley won the multipli
cation contest in the threc-B last
We have new borders of tulips
and daffodils in our room.
In the Junior Red Cross work we
have been making drinking cups
and envelopes for them.
Some of our Humane society sto
ries are very' good. We hope some
of them will win a prlz.
The two-A's are starting the mul
tiplication table of two's.
Our new exercise book is "The Ad
ventures of Sammy Jay." We have
just finished "The Early Cavemen."
One of our three-A gijjs, Lenore
Bloomer, is quite ill. We are sorry
to say many of our number have
been out of school with German
We have spring farm scenes for
our burlap this month.
The three-B's and A's have been
making things of pussy wi'Iows and
IX) U I Ml.
Robert Annis had the best spell
ing paper this week.
The following pupils had perfect
spelling papers this week: Dorothy
Yaffee, Alpha Kiplinger, Emma
Kiplinger, Myrtle Hillring, Olive
Biggins, lone Highway, Helen
Khrider, Florence Neddo and Thel-
ma Biggins.
We are having a contest in say
ing addition, subtraction and multi
plication combinations.
Our garden plans are finished.
They look very nice. We made
them out of scraps of brown, orange
and green paper.
We have memorized "The Service
Miss Jackobson is reading us "The
Cave Twins" in connection with our
We finished our stories about our
pets. Emma Stypcznski, Harlo
Smith, Alpha Kiplinger, Virginist
Caloway, lone Highway, Mary Erns
perger and Robert Annis entered
in the Humane society contest.
i oun-n AND FOUR-A.
Edwin Hall moved to Chicago
We are writing stories in lan
guage about "My Pet."
Those who received 100 in spelling
are: Elsie Gault, Margaret Short,
Eileen Colle. Isabel Bohn, Eugene
Colle. Ruth Hertel, Mary Peters, De
loss Rea. Leroy Granger, Irene An
nis, Ethel Kulp. Willard Wildrich.
Marguerite Herzig. Hazel Hawk,
Russell Henry, Wallace Zimmerman,
Wililam Raber. Doris Delong, Wil
liam Haney, Florence Coldwater,
Floyd Morning, Chester Inks, Dor
othy Rose, Elizabeth Kroll, Melvin
Vcekel and Howard Nivens.
We had physiology, arithmetic
and history tests this week.
We are nearly all busy writing
compositions for the Humane so
ciety. SIX-B AND SIX-A.
Our memory gem is:
Seek out the beautiful,
Iiove the true;
Wish for the good.
The best do.
In geography we are having Asia.
Harold Millar and Strge Kitard,
Ed t ton.
We had a perfect attendance
mass and at school during the week.
In catechism we studied the dif
ferent parts of the "Sacrament of
During our drawing period we
drew the knife, fork and spoon from
our picture studies.
In arithmetic all the boys are do
ing very good work.
Very good home work was hand
ed in every day by Edmund Thel
man. James Grummell, Loren Hess.
John Bognar and Leo Poklenkow-
Every day we offer prayers for
our American soldiers who are fight
ing for our country.
William Collins is absent on ac
count of illness.
Our reading this week w as "I am
the Ird Thy God." and "The Life
of Christ."
Our art study this week was "And
a Uttle Child Shall Ixad Them."
W had written test in spelling
an-d arithmetic.
Mrs. Thilman and Mrs. Cashman
were visitors to our room this week.
Wednesday afternoon our good
pastor. Rev. Father De Groote came
to our coos to-say good-byv-and. to
give us his blessing, before leaving i
for his vacation. 1
Our memory gem for the week J
For right is right since God js God.
And right the day must win.
To doubt would be disloyalty.
To falter 7ould be sin.
Peter Bognar and John Schmitt
were in time for mass every morn
ing last week.
We are glad the weather is get
ting pleasant so we can enjoy our
ball game at recess. This is when
we get recess.
We were as busy as bees Wednes
day, -Thursday and Friday writing
our examinations. The questions
were sent from the examiner of
Fort Wayne, Ind.
Tuesday Uncle
just "No. 1" no
Sister promised
Sam said we are
worth of Thrift
we had
200 in
have an
Thrift stamps. We would
election and appoint our
Pres't Willard Fortier and
Hartzer, secretary.
Our memory gem for the
Truth crushed to earth shall rise
The eternal jears of God are hers;
But error, wounded writhes with
And dies among his worshipers.
The bovs in time for S o'clock
ranks were 'Sylvester Garrity, ! "red
erick Drain, Clarence Meiser. Paul
Kelly, Burton Toepp and Max Eble.
The daily attendance was much
better in the sixth grade this week
than last.
Our Bible history this week, has
been a review of the Old Testament
on the prophets.
Which is the worst list of ques
tions for examinations, prepared by
sister of prepared by the examiner
of Fort Wayne. Never mind, June
will soon be here, no more test.
The attendance at mass was very
good and almost all the boys were
The absentees were William Lan
genbahn, Lawrence Mann. Joseph
Cira, Frederick Gantert, Paul But
ler. In reading we are having "Before
Waterloo," by Lord Byron and
"Moses at the Fair," by Goldsmith.
We are doing our Fort Wayne ex
amination and all the working hard
to get a good percent.
The servers for the week were
Francis Anderson and Frederick
The attendance at mass this week
was very good.
Our A,jril examinations started
Wednesday afternoon and we are
busy studying the "easy" subjects in
arithmetic and grammar.
The subject of our composition
was "My Favorite Tree." We were
excused from one composition this
week on account of examinations.
We did not have our church his
tory test last Thursday.
For our reading periods this week
we had "The Sac of Baltimore."
E. nitrvragan and S.
We haven't much news this week
because we are very busy answer
ing examination questions. All the
children are very eager to know
what per cent they will receive.
Although 4 5 boys and girls are
preparing for solemn communion,
Rev. Marciniak teaches us cate
chism every morning for 4 5 min
We had a test from all the lessons
and we came out first.
H. Latkowska brought three War
Savings stamps this week.
W. Laseck i is absent on account
of sickness.
The most interesting lesson in
reading was about "The Skylark."
Z. Piechorowska was the champion.
The children gathered some
money and bought a pencil shsrp
ener. D. Kasprzak and L. Radecki are
the l est pupils in arithmetic.
C. Michalska and R. Grzesk are
the best in Polish history.
We haxe examination this week
and we are til trying to do our best
to be transferred.
I. KoczorowsM is absent on ac
count of his mother being ill.
We ha:- a number of boys and
girls that are preparing for solemn
GRADi: TintEE-A.
K. Laskowski, who was sick of
tonsilitis, is now back in school.
We saved our pennies and bought
i a pencil sharpener.
Our lesfcon in English reading
was "The Story of the Golden
S. Mieinski and J. Buzalki are
studying the best in Polish reading,
whiie E. Marshall, W. Deranek are
best in Englh reading and spell
ing. The children from grade three
were decorated with American,
Polish, French and Belgian flags
Sunday, and rode in a parade with
automobiles after the blessing of the
service flag of 76 etars from the
parish of St. Stanislaus.
ing a
boys in three-B are arrang
small theater. The funds
will be donated to the Polish
Our reading lesoon is "The Life
of Christ.-
G. Lntkowska I our new thrift
hUnip member.
Tho best composition about
"Spring" woä written by E. Kjoczor-
A Dog Star
By Martha McCulloch
Orion was a star of the first mag
nitude in the dog firmament, of
course, since he belonged to Sidney
Lee. Sidney was a fancier of sorts.
He fancied among other things he
could have given points to the orig
inal dog-maker. WTiich 'as a pity,
seeing Happy Jack, head of his
kennels, said in the strict privacy of
his own mind. "Ef them dumb
brutes knowed what sort o feller
that owned 'em. they'd never hold
up heads ner tails agin."
This was not in malice. Happy
Jack was ready to admit the "boss"
had his uses, and was even wise in
the way of neckties, womenkind and
other like trifles. But dogs! Dogs
were the be-all and end-all of exist
ence tu Happy wherefore it ap
peared to him a special providence
that he himself was set in actual
charge of the fine four-footed crea
tures. He pampered them, of
course, all he dared also indulged
them. Thereby hangs this tale.
Oricn running free of leash upon the
lawn out before his kennel, leapt the
hedges in pure wanton joy of supple
strength, and before he could be re
claimed wrought havoc among the
prize ducks of old Miss Stretton,
who lived next door.
Result a very pretty quarrel,
made prettier by the fact that Miss
Stretton, fat and scant of breath,
left the settlement of it to Niece,
l.'ii . i - - I ti .:. -
Ellen, one of the modern Portias,
whom until the quarrel rose, she
had cordially disapproved. Now it
was very convenient to have even a
girl-lawyer in the family. Of
course, the slaughtered ducks, espe
cially Sir Alexander, being of the
highest prize winning strains, were
not to be valued as mere poultry.
Happy Jack insisted that they were
nothing else. He had, indeed, half
a mind to claim a rebate owing to
the fact, that certain thrifty ser
vants had dressed and eaten the
fowls. But since by his reckoning,
a matter of twelve dollars and ninety
cents, would square accounts, he let
that part go by default he would
never be the man to grudge other
wage earners the chance to make or
save a trifle on the side.
"I'm here to pay in full, ma'am,
for the fine dog's little diversions,"
he said to Miss Stretton in a tone
meant to be diplomatic even pro
pitiatory. "Oh!" said the girl, her wideset
eyes looking through him. "Just
how much? I hope we agree in our
Happy Jack, after some fumbling,
produced a bill, written out in the
round school-bby hand of his son
and heir. Miss Stretton glanced at
it, frowned, bit her lips to keep
back a laugh over the document,
then pulled out a fountain pen., add
ed two ciphers to the sum, and gave
back the paper, saying: '.'I've kind
ly corrected your little mistake."
"No mistake at all. If ye live till
ye see any twelve hundred and
ninety dollars o' Sidney Lee's money,
ye'll make Methusalem look like a
baby." Happy Jack cried scornfully
excitement brought back a trace
of his Scotch burr always.
"It's cray ye are I might say
worse," he went on. "Twelve hun
dred dollars for three ducks and ye
ate them." The last in scornful
triumph. "I've considered the drake
at ten and the fule ducks "
"You are overlooking the fright
the distress of mind the upsetment
to my aunt," Miss Fllen interrupted.
"Also the fact that Sir Alexander
swept the show ring wherever he
went won live hundred in prizes
this last six months and could
readily have sold for as much, any
day in the week."
"I've heard folks tell tales ere
this," Jack snorted. "A drake's a
drake no more no less. Resides,
ye've a God's plenty o' his duck
lings" "I believe you have a litter or so
of Orion pups'." Miss Kllen inter
rupted. "Beauties they must be, if
they look like him. Why, there he
is right at our door "
"Let me get him the murderin'
pirate," Happy Jack cried, starting
to push through the gate. Miss
Ellen clicked it shut in his face, say
ing with a little laugh: "A dog's a
dog by your reasoning, Happy. Stay
outside until my aunt's claim is
"lie won't that! He shant!
Woman! The idea o' leavin' a beast
worth thousands to be fed on table
scraps!" Happy Jack cried angrily,
shaking the gate. It was of iron,
with a spiked top, and rather unrea
sonably tall, swung to stone posts,
and flanked by very stout and
pricky hedges. But these would not
in the least have daunted Happy
what he feared was the mysterious
something called the law which he
knew only vaguely, and the woman
fronting him knew by heart. He
began to temporize. "Suppose now
we wait till we can see the boss."
he began. "Lemme git my hands on
that rescal, I promise ye, ye'll never
see hi? track a;rain."
' Just what I'm afraid of there
fore you can't have him until the
matter is settled." Miss Ellen said,
a covert smile playing about her
"If you poison him I'll have the
law on ye!" he hissed, his eyes
snapping. Orion was the center of
his universe moreover the most
famous of the bench shows lay just
a fortnight ahead. The dog had been
off his feed a bit hence the. liberty
that had bred lawlessness. Vainly
Happy Jack whistled and called
Orien ran about like a mad thing,
sniffing at the walk which led
around to the poultry yard, giving
he while short ecstatic barks.
MiüJ Ellen smiled watching his
gambols. "He knows what he
wants and how much he wants it,"
she said, reflectively, then piteously.
"It's a shame to kill him, or even
pend hira to the pound but I don't
see how we can possibly keep him
and the ducks!"
I "Woman! Yell no have the
veartV ILrppK-Jack bursout. -Aad
(Continued from pagt; 1.
and an international hieh court. The old diplomacy J Great Britain
must be abolished. National armaments be abolished. j I ranee
T, ....... . 'Russia..............
Pres t Wilsons preposition :s endorsed, namely: jtav
"That each of the final settlement must be based upon Germany
the essential justice of that particular case." "That J Austria
peoples arc provinces are not to be bartered about as ;Hun. .ry
if they were mere chattels and pawns." "That every! Ti J-
. I ligerents before
territorial settlement involved in this war must be made ; mjion dolIari
in the interest and for the benefit of the population ; 104.000 million
"And that all well defined national aspirations shall
be accorded them, without introducing elements which
will in time, break the peace of the world."
The conference asks justice for the
gium. Alsace and Lorraine, the Balkans. Italy, Poland
and the Daltic provinces, tho Jews and Palestine, the
Turkish empire. Austria-Hungary and the colonics and
The inter-allied conference is not in favor of any 'dollars, while the income was 4J.O0O million dolUrs.
nlan which would result in an economic war and would DFIiT THIRD OF WI1ITH.
sooner or later lead to reprisals and
prosperity of the masses of the people.
Pflrtiriilar pninhasis is l.ibi on thf
rlnctrial rr, rn t r , i r t i r, nftPr Vi -:3r
facturing or" war material will be stopped and millions
of soldiers will return to civilian life.
"The conference is of the opinion that the working
classes, having made such sacrifice during the war are
entitled to take part in securing a democratic world
neace and that at least one representation of labor
and socialism will be includea m the
tion at any government conference, and to organize
a labor and socialist representation to sit concurrently
with the official conference."
The radical wing of the world's prolatariat speaks
through the bolsheviki; the conservative wing through
the British labor rarty. The first is idealistic and im
practical. The second is experienced and feels the
weight of responsibility. The first is the product of
an autocracy; a government which granted no political
rights to its subjects. The second is the product of
a democracy, of a people who have enjoyed political
freedom for hundred? of years. The first desires to de
stroy all forms of political government, while the second
pleads for the democracy of all nations. Between these
extremes are countless groups of workers whose opin
ions are rrore conservative than the bolsheviki and
more radical than the British labor party. They in
clude the socialist, the unorganized laboring man, the
American I. W. W. and the French syndicalist. With
few exceptions these men are supporting the allies
cause in the war. When their. governments appealed
to their patriotism, they ultimately responded by either
entering the active service or engaging energetically
in the production of war supplies. Thousands of those
who enlisted will never return to their homes. Many
more thousands will return maimed In body or with
health destroyed.
They will tell the story of those awful days of battle;
when men fought like infuriated beasts of the jungle.
When all the accumulated knowledge of the ages was
there concentrated for the single purpose of destroying
human life. They will tell of the suffering from
wounds, from gas, from liquid fire, from shell shock.
They will toll of deeds of self-sacrifice, of courage and
of death. And a child will ask, what were you fighting
for? And the roldier will answer: "We were fighting
to make tho world safe for democracy."
Tin: soldii:rs demands.
After the supreme sacrifice made by this soldier, will
he be content to return to the old order of things,
where the wage is determined by the supply and de
mand of labor instead of th service rendered? Will
he be willing to live in a slinking hovel, while the rich
man lives in a palace? How will he regard his stay-at-home
profiteering neighbor, who contributes liberally
to the local chamber of commerce banquet in honor of
the returning heroes? Will his concept of democracy
be one where he has all the rights and glory, while
the other man has all the dollars?
Gentlemen, the coming democracy will be an eco
nomic democracy based on the free institutions of po
litical democracy.
The cause of the war is primarily economic. Did
Germany strive to liberate enslaved people? No! she
endeavored to impose her kultur on the enlightened.
It is reported, that after the Russian armies collapsed.
j that Germany's merchants followed
Russia for the purpose of selling merchandise.
It has been noted that the German socialist refused
to accept the program of the internationalist. Why?
Germany had a form of socialism which was fairly sat
isfactory to tho working class. The government took
care of her people. There were practically no paupers
in Germany before the war.
Like the wise bee-keeper who leaves enough honey
in the hive to maintain the swarm, Germany saw to
it that labor needed no soup kitchens and in the event
of death he had enough insurance to bury him.
England and America took all the honey in many
instances. Germanv's nonulation increased with her
ambition to become a world power.
and ambitions required more territory and her people
having only limited political rights, could not check
the government in its designs.
Two classes wanted war: The military party with the
Hohenzollerns at the head. This class hoped to gain
military glory. The other wa? the junkers. What did
this class hope to gain? Profit. More business. More
Labor was bribed with the promise of higher wages
and no taxes. Coal fields, ore fields, wheat fields and
sea ports have been the objectives of the German is it for th benefit of the average man. without in
armies. That is what Germany means by kultur. ! fluence. or privilege; does it embody in real fact tb
. .
The commerce of Great Britain
greedy German. In order to control
the British navy must be destroyed.
Great Britain must be brought to
German socialists became the passive allies of the mili
tarist and junker parties. They foreswore the princi
ples of their party for the promised advantages of a
successful outcome c? the overnment'c plans. Ger
many could not have succeeded so far had she not had
the loyal coDperation of the laboring classes. We should
learn a valuable lesson from this experience. Ger
many's purpose was immoral in the extreme but her
people needed no coaxing or threats to induce them to
give their honor and their lives for the state.
When Germany is defeated her problems of recon
struction will be a part of the world's problems. In
terest on the enormous war debts will have to be paid
by someone. Will labor pay these debts? Not if the
plan of the British labor is adopted.
The following is the estimated indebtedness of the
then a moter car burred to a stand
still behind them. In a wink Sid
ney Lee was out of it, smiling and
bowing to Ellen, and asking partic
ulars. That made Ellen blush un
comfortably she had appraised the
dead ducks partly in sport, partly in
anger at Happy Jack's lofty penuri
ousness. Ia e hardly glanced at the
bill, with her amendments, before
saying eagerly: "Quite right, quite
right. In fact too moderate even
I have heard of Sir Alexander and
his victories."
"Won't you please come in and
get your dog?" Miss Ellen said, fix
ing Happy in his tracks with a look
of Ice. Ie needed no second bid
ding in half a minute he was es
tablished in a porch rocker, smiling
.at -MJB3Hllii, -and easing aa-he pat
leading European
Great Britain
peoples of Bel- France
! Russia
Tho wealth in
would menace the '
The figures show
I more than a third of the estimated weaJth: nd this
j does not include the debts of municipalities and other
nroblems of in- I
rvhn tho niAnil ' Subdivisions Of tho
If the world's
official representa-
her armies into
Her necessities Profil:
program, must be
1 -
was coveted by the highest conception
the world trade, without respect
The people of
their knees. The j
ted Orien's head: "Good dog! Fine
dog: 1 ou ve won me the greatest
of prizes
Ever since I saw her."
nodding over at Miss Ellen. "I've
schemed and prayed to fir.d some j later gave a shrewd enough gues-
one who would introduce us." ( for then Miss Ellen became the own
"I'm not quite a highway robber ! er of Orion, with all his appurten-
in spite of my profession let me i ances. Including his master,
explain about that ridiculous bill," j (Copyright. 1313.) i
Mi5s Ellen interrupted, choosing' i
to ignore his speech. "Five hun
dred will be just and generous.
Don't insist on paying more Aunt
Ira will only waste it either on
more ducks or the missionaries."
"I'll send a check," Lee began, his
voice joyous. he blushed again.
I had rather have something
else." she said. "An Orion pup if
you can part with one 50 low."
Come! Cho&e rihi off." Lee:purpose. The Herr i, Herr Co., Ill
said, jumping-up, and- Icadicg-be kgr .Yi 1 1:1 ntO-a-ax Adv.
countries nrar the clo:-" of l:lT: (
lHbt bo Ion ar. Icbt after war.
1.100. 000, C0."
ir..2no.oof.oo "
:i fo. 000.0c )
1 f,.l?l, CO 0,000
;'.7fi' 000, 0C0
tha: th rf f;he rrjncipal bei-
the war was :n round numbers -o.00
inCo the war. their debt has increased
dollars, or an aggregate of 127.000
million dollars.
The following figure? show the ec,.imatd wealth and
income before the war:
510. 5( O.OCO,
v'.f f 0,0 00.0 0 )
."".0 0 0.00 0,00 0
4 0.0o0,ft0O,O'"l)
'.Ö2.00O million
6. 000. 000.00'
5,000. OOu.00'1
round numbers wa
that the debt of the? countries i
political economists have a plan for
financing this unthinkable burden of public debt, they
have failed to disclose it. Labor ha already shown
the way.
Internationalism, so long a terror to the national
patriot, has become a reality.
At the outbreak of tho war England financed France
and Italy. Today tho Fnited States is financing all of
the allies. Russia owes us millions of dollars, which
Lenine and Trotzky repudiated.
We are as deeply interested in the figures which have
just been read as are the countries w hich directly issued
the certificates of indebtedne??.
If labor refuses to pay the war debts, then they must
be paid by the private owners of capital.
When the human wreckage has returned from th
front and the cost in human lives and human lodics
and human sufferings lias been computed and the
sum total has been placed by the side of the money
cost, then who shall decide who must pay the interest
and the principr.1 of the war debt.
These questions must be solved before many years
and their solutions will have much to do with the in
ternal peace of the nations.
We of the United States also have our autocratic Ro
manoffs. There is net a city or town that has not its
Siberia and Knout. True, our liberties arc safeguarded
by the constitution: but that does not prevent tho Ro
manoffs from exercising their rower. The blacklist for
the agitating laboring man. the boycott for the business
man who dares to express his opinions, and the eftectiv
recall for the public official who fails to respond to the
pleaa of privilege.
For many years we have heard the mutterings of
discontent from the masses. When the strike breaks
out there is displayed an element of hate that bodes
evil for the future.
The war will bring- about results in a few yar.s which
would otherwise have taken generations. Vhen the
transportation question came to a crisis and private
ownership confessed its inability to meet the nation'.
demands, the government took the railroads and pro
ceeded to operate them. It wa-? an epoch in our his
tory. If the war continues for a long period of time
the government will take over other important indus
tries, or so regulate them as to control their functions
and limit their profits.
How will the new democracy bo inaugurated? If
privilege will continue to exercise its advantages as it
has in the past it will probably follow an industrial
revolution. It is needless to dwell on the horror of
such an event. Ivt us hope that it will be the result of
No one could predict how slavery would rnd in
Greece and Rome. The feudal state of England and
continental Europe gradually disappeared and in its
place came the political and industrial state of today.
It is customary to blame our factory system for in
dustrial slavery- It is Irue that the factory system
contributes its share to this condition, .but if the frory
doubled its wages and reduced its hours by one-Half,
labor would not be helped.
Every phase of our economic system contributes its
proportion. They all exact toll from the man who
produces. The owners of the forest, mines and oil
fields monopolize some of the nation's greatest natural
resources. The unearned increment in land values 1
an enormous public burden which increa-ses in weigh:
each year. Privately ow-ned transportation s-ysrtems ar
responsible for many of America's multi-millionaires.
Ranking and insurance are all operated for the benefit
of the select few. The farm tenant and the city farm
owner is another phase of the subject.
It is difficult for the men of this audience to obtain
the viewpoint of these who are outside the privileged
class. We are accustomed to think in terms of profit.
The war is teaching us to think in terms of service.
The new ocial concept will ),t- one of service, and not of
Each one must be paid in proportion to the service
rendered and no more. Pres't Wilson in a revent letter
expresses this thought whn he so.: "The days r ?
political and economic reconttMiction whuh are ahead
of us no man ran now definitely as'-e.-y. but we know
this-, that every program mut be whot through and
through with utter disinterestedness, that no party must
try to serve itself, but even. party must try to s"n
humanity, and that the task a very practical one,
meaning that every program, every measure in every
tested by this question; Is it ju-t.
of social justice and right dealim.
of person or -!as or particular in-
It was Lincoln who said: "That no nation can exi-t
that is half slave and half ire." That i as true today
as it was Zö years ?go.
The new democracy must eor.tinue to give each man
equal political rights, but it must also givp to eacln
man equal economic right. The war is teaching men
their value a men, and as su h they will !ri-!vt on their
rights as men.
If we love vjr country and believe in it" d-st:ny, w
must uphold the ancient pr.nciple of political e-quality,
we must strive to develop the r.w and equally im
portant principle of economic equality.
With these two pflTirs. the magnificent stricture of
democracy which now exists in the western herni-pher
will forever shine in the resplendent '" r' '"ivilization.
Without these our ration and it civilization will l
swept from the earth.
j toward the git. Happy Jack, in
; watch from the home gate, groaned
to see it. He never knew th? exact
terms of settlement but six norchi
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