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THE SOUTH BLIND NEWS-T1MF5 .Fame TRAINING LITTLE CHILDREN (Fupccstionn for mothrrs issue! by the United States Bureau of Edu cation and the National Kinderparten Association.) CHILD IS NOT A POSSESSION, BUT AN INDIVIDUAL NEEDING CAKE, NURTURE AND LOVE. MKS. miKTl'lA Many parents mil to realize that the child torn to them is not a poa-r-eion, i not a thin;; to mould ac cording to their own de:-ires, their own personal ambition.-, or their own social aspirations. We must rid oudM'lvf from the very start of this ET.se of ownership and bejdn from the cradle to look upon the child as an lndiidual heintf. who.se tiered rixht it is to unfold his own .vclf with the help, cart-, nurture and love due him. What definite mear.K can the home fidopt for the let development of the child in the first mx years? First with regard to the things which sur round the child furniture, pictures books, toys, clothes and ornaments. In how far may these lend them-j-c-lvt- to his developmbent ? In the room in which the child t-P iids most of his time indoors, the furniture ouirht to be plain enough n) that he can do no great harm in playing about freely. A small kindersarden (hair and table to work on are almost indisponible in the child's room. A good black board should be huir-: securely on the wall, for from the hour he can toddle, the child' will delight in chalk markings, and these even then will have ;ilue because on the inusole ievelopment afforded the arn and hand. The pictures on the wall in the child's room ought to be distinctly for him, and hung" low enough so - that hernay take them down and handle them whenever he choose:-,, livery child likes color and de lights in the Vstory picture the pi lure which has a story connected with it. The child mpy be taught to dis criminate between his own tilings jT.d those belonging to others by he im; allowed to visit the family liv ing room where mother's and la ther's books and their pictures and furr-.iture are used with care and auton. In this way it will also be possible to lead him gradually into appreciation of the adult's stand Points About Your War Garden Once more the family. een if Its year-round home is in the city, is urged to plant a back-yard garden, if nothing more; of course, if home is in the country or in a small ton or village, where more 1 iridis allotted to the hou.-e, a K r-' r garden is expected. And now is the time to bt uin to plant it, if you have not been suf fi-': ntly forehanded to have prepared lr it during the winter. According to the Fnited states department of agriculture, the space of half an acre, devoted to the various kinds of garden crops will easily supply a family with ?U" worth of egotables during the tar, if well kept and property a red for. Fvery one know?, of course, hcw much more delicious- are the fresh euetubles, carried directly from the garden to the kitchen for prompt looking and thence to the table. And how the housekeeper does bve to be able to say to her guest. " 'h es, these radishes." or these beets, or this corn whatexer tthe dainty may be "grew in ou- gard- n." The home garden c- ! '.ainly ins a saving in freshr.vss and flavor, een though it may not re Milt in an enormous financial sav i r. . Tb- mot conenient pkue for th- kitchen garden is usually a i ar as poibie to the kiU'hcn door, in order that it may be fared fr :i"!f . s:l at odd moments, and th.it i:o;ng out and athering ve- ta': bs for dinner :nay be an easy ard peditious proceeding. I'ro i: m;t. how r er is not the only ton fid -ration; the soil, shade and i r;o.;.. other matters must bo thought l L J '' J ' .. ' i ii 11 mi" - i "in i ii i i ' i " " "' " i" mi in ii ii I in i in n i." -trij . . ' ij . - J ' COOpKIND- ard of art in pictures, music and lit erature. The value of good music in the home cannot be overestimated. For tunate the child whose ear is ac customed from the cradle to beau tiful sound and melody. And yet even more fortunate the child who is accustomed to hearing the singing voices of those about him. Child ren love to hear songs, children's songs, big people's songs, and folk songs. They love to hear the song's and the lullaby grandmother used to of long ago when mother was a child, sing. The child loves especially a bed-time song, sung at the crib be fore the final good-night". Story-telling is a great art and the mother or father who has this gift can give their children un bounded joy and fill them with fond memories of the story-hour that will never be forgotten. As for moral influences in the home, it is the words the child heats us speak, the things he sees us do which will have the greatest effect on his nature, such as res pectful care and tender affection to ward the grandmother, the grar d father, the aunt, the uncle; our at titude toward those in our employ, and so on. Family festivals will will make ever glorius impessions on the child's mind. The spirit of charity should per meate the home. The little child is too young; to know how to help the less fortunate, but he will imbibe the home spirit and with his grow ing understanding adopt the ideals by which he is surrounded. Aboe all other influences the most telling is that which the par ents create by means of their rela tionship to each other. If peace reigns supreme and father and mother live as one having a deep,, true, earnest affection for each other, fac ing together the joys and sorrows, and supplementing each other's strength at every turn, there is no greater legacy parents can leave their children than the influence memory of such a home. of. One of the government bullet ins, devoted to this subject of kit chen gar.lens, advises that a gentle slope toward the south or south east is most desirable for the pro duction of early crops, while It is advantageous to be protected on the k rth and northwest by a hill, a clump of trees, a grove of ever greens, other building or even a hedge or high board fence the lat ter serving also to keep the chick ens and rabbits and other farm animals from destroying any of the crops. (lood drainage should be provided, but the garden should not be situated on the banks of a stream which might overflow in spring--time. "The first consideration in plan ning the arrangement of a garden is the kin-: of cultivation that is to be employed," says the writer of this bulletin. "Where the work is to be done mainly by means of horse tools, the arrangement should be such as to give the longest pos sible rows, and straight outlines should be followed. The garden should be free from paths across the rows, and turning spaces should be provided at the ends. For hand cultivation, the arrangement can be unite different, as the garden may be laid off sections, with transverse wall.s, and the rows can be much closer for most crops. Horse cul tivation is recommended whenever possible, as it very materially less ens the labor and cost of caring for the crop. "The second matter for conside ration is the location of permanent crops, such as asparagus and rhu barb, and if any of the small fruits. Filet Lace Girdle Dilti XTIONS. An exceedingly dainty girdle of filet lue can lo nude of No. ::0 crochet cotton or silk. Two similiar s-ections, front and back are crocheted hich fasten together at fach side with small fasteners and arc trimmed" with crocheted buttons un.i tassels. The iriile can to nunle any size by increasingbeyond each tide of the central block design. VXITH ii. OWEN such as ras-berrle:, currants, and gooseberries, are to be planted within the garden inclosure, they should be included with the perma nent crops. The area devoted to the hotbed, cold frame, and seed bed should be decided upon, but these may be shifted more or le.-s from year to year or located in some con venient place outside of the garden. "Where there is any great varia tion in the composition of the soil in different parts of the garden, it will be advisable to take this into consideration when arranging for the location of the various crops. If a part of the land is low and moist, such crops- as celery, onions, and late cucumbers should be placed there. If part of the soil is high, warm and dry, that is the proper location for early crops and those that need quick, warm soil. "In planning the location of the various crops in the garden, due consideration should be given to the matter of succession, in order that the land may be occupied at all times. As a- rule, it would not be best to have a second planting of the same crop follow the first, but some such arrangement as early pea6 followed by celery, or early cabbage or potatoes followed by late beans or corn, and similar combinations, are more satisfactory. In the south, ls many as three crops may be, grown, one after the other, on the same land, but at the extreme north, where the season is short, but one crop can be grown, or pos sibly two, by some such combina tion as early peas followed by tur nips. "The supply of seeds for the gar den should be secured some time in advance of the planting season.... Throughout the northern fetates of certain crops before the danger of frost is past. The simplest method of starting a limited number of early plants is by means of a. shal low box placed in a south window of the dwelling After the plants appear, the box should be turned each day to prevent the plants drawing toward the light.... "Garden seeds should always be sown in straight rows, regardless of where the planting is made. If a window box is employed for starting early plants in a dwelling, the soil should be well tinned and then laid off in rows about two in ches apart. The same method holds good for planting seeds in a hotbed, cold frame, or bed in the garden, except that the rows should be farther apart than in the window box. By planting in straight rows, the seedlings will be more uniform in size and shape, and thinning and cultivating will be more easily ac complished. In all cases where the soil of the seed bed is not too wet, it should be well firmed or pressed down before laying off and marking for sowing the seeds. After the seeds are sown and covered, the surface should aain be firmed by means of a smooth board. "No definite rule can be given for the depth at which seds should be planted, for the depth should vary with the kind of seed and with the character aid condition of the soil. In heavy clay and moist soils, the covering should be lighter than in sandy soils. In all cases, the depth should be uniform, and when plant ing seeds in boxeu or a bed, the grooves in which the seeds are planted should be made with the edge of a thin lath." Women are taking an increasing interest in farming these days, and reports of their skill and efficiency in agricultural work are being wide ly circulated. Thus it is quite prob ble that many who are unable to go into farming on a large scale will at least establish kitchen gar dens of their own, and raise as many vegetables as they can for their summer table and to can and dehydrate for the winter pantry. rjjioviNfi wiiiTi: stots from IXItMTUKM If unsightly white spots appear on your furniture, you may remove them, so says one housekeeper, speaking from her own experience, by heating the coal shovel or any shovel hot and holding it over them. Of course, the shovel must rot be allowed to touch the wood itself. Dinner Gown of Lace and Orchid Taffeta IX SEALING MOLDS. In packing molds in Ice and salt, they should be thoroughly sealed with a piece of soft, pliable paper dipped in melted , fat. Lay it along the crack, pressing closely so that it will fit absolutely tight. This will prevent a salty taste from creeping in. A NFAV ORIGINATION' known as the Vanity Fair Pettl bocker is featured this year as a mcxt admirable substitute for the petticoat. These garments are de veloped in jersey of all colors and while ideal for street wear they are most charming for dancing. Do not be one of the last to adopt the new style but come in to the Mabel Hawkins Style Shop at 505 J. M. S. Bldg. and leave your order for the color you desire. Advt. m. : r- An w 'j j Woman's Shawl Cape A mere man won't care whether his dinner is meatless or wheatless, if his vis-a-vis is as charmingly cl -d as the girl in this war gown of lace and orchid taffeta.. Pink georgette crepe of very thin weave is drawn around the bust line, and appears in front just above the silver ribbon which outlines the pointed girdle. Filmy shadow lace makes the love ly kimono sleeves and bodice, while the soft orchid taffeta falls in a graceful line from waist to silken ankle. Silver slippers and orchid stockings complete a very fascina ting frock. What did they have for dinner? Well, really, he didn't know. A WORD TO T1IK WISl. Novelty flowers for hats are act ually made of sawdust. Sleeves of evening robes are slash ed from shoulder to elbow. Sashes, such as little girls wear, arc supplying new thrills. With juvenile sashes new belt buckles appear, tome very' ornate. Stunning long coats are cut from tussah and trimmed with satin. Honeycomb and Bedfort cords are utilized to form white skirts. Pearl buttons, applied to blouse, are cut in the shape of cresents. If you buy new jewelry it must be red, the soldier's ,jood luck color. Every spring there is the black and white checked suit. This is spring. Girdles that ar5 seven and even elght inches wide are seen cn white skirts. One-sided capei show an oval arm's eye on one bide and a slit on the other. Frocks for little girls are made of flowered silks and show the Wat teau plait. directions'. Mercerized crochet cotton No. 8 of two or three colors can be used In making this dainty cape. With threads of each color cast on 8 4 stitchea and knit 100 ribs in plain Garter stitch and bind off loosely. On the side of the cape take up the stitches, 200 in al knit one row. Decrease one stitch at each end of a row for 32 rows. Knit one row without decreasing . and bind off loosely. Pick up the 72 central stitches of the collars just formed and knit three stitches and bind off liisely. With two threads of one of the colors crochet one row of single crochett around the cape and collar . CROQUITITKS OF RICK AND MKAT. To one cup of finely chopped cold cooked meat or fowl, add one cup of boiled rice and one-half cup of milk or cream. Season with' one teaspoon of salt and one-half tea spoon of pepper. Add two table spoons of buttter. When this comes to a boil, add one egg-, beaten well, and set the mixture away to cool. When cold, form Into cro quettes, dip in crJmbs and beaten egg, then in crumbs again, and fry to a srood browm In hot, deep fat. A frying basket will be found the easiest way of handling these. RKMOVING OLD PUTTY. A hot tolderlnjr Iron, or other Iron, run over old putty on a win dow pane will sof-.en it so that its removal can be easily accomplished with a knife or chisel. Care should be exercised that the glass is not heated enoufi'i to rause It to crae'e. TiiK sAinnvw covi:k. When a Mucepin cover eems useless b?ciuf th? little knob or handle is lost, push a cork part way through the opening and secure it by driving a ümall nail horizontally through the cork on the under elti. Window Shades of Cretonne, Net and Other Dainty Materials Very New "Why is it that although people will change almost everything else in a house or apartment which they rent, they nearly always neglect the window shade which were there when they came ?" She vas investigating anew the apartment which she had just rent ed, and looking with pronounced disfavor at the window shades in the living room. They were jut ordinary Holland shades, absolute ly ineffective and quite undecorative as they were useful. Those in the living room were green, which brought up the ques tion which she then asked the land lord: "Wly is it that one sees gre-.n shades in every apartment house?" He supposed that green shades were chosen because they gave a good light, or made the room cookr, per haps; he was still supposing when his future tenant departed for the region of stores with samples of wall paper bulging from her shop ping bag. A week later the landlord could hardly assure himself that this was the same apartment, at least so far as the window shades were con cerned. For every dark green shade had vanished, and the bed room windows were gay with cre tonne, while shades of spotless net adorned those of the living and din ing rooms. "It's the simplest thing in the world to make window shades," de clared their posessor, when quest ioned about the change. "And nev er again will I accept, as necessarily ugly thing's, merely because they have always been bought instead of made. A friend of mine hnd made new window shades for her house, so this plan is not original with me; but I'm quite as proud of it as If I had thought of it in the first place." To maJve window shades, ordinary rollers are bought, such as are met with in the usual commercial pro duct. Either chintz o- heavy net can be used for the shade, or, if one has old lace curtains that are except! nally heavy, these may be made into shades. Scrim is also good. When using net or scrim it is better to use material having some sort of design, rather than the plain net. Chintz in which the design is small and close, leav ing but little plain background, is better than that with large foluers or birds. Of course, when chintz is used, it must harmonize with the color scheme of the room, or. in some cases, it may bring in the out door world. In one instance, cre Elbel's New Store Pianos Victrolas ecords 4W e u more If you have ever said this, or thought it, as you tat at home in the evening with nothing to do, you ought to have a vieirom Do you realize that the world's greatest entertain jrs are "knocking at your door" to bring you the world's wealth of music grend opera, musical com edy, vaudeville, popular songs, dance music, and all the rest 1 AH you need to do to enjoy them La to hve u snd VictTola to your home. Stop in end ajk us bout easy terrnj on Victor and VictroU. SlO to $400. 'Superior Service' tonne itla design of green b.oe-arn-oged in a sort of trellis pat tern was most suet t -,f ul. The material, if it is r.eu. mu.-.t be shrunk before it is cut. nd should be stiff. It must bo three inches wider than the window for which the shade Is being made, and an eighth of a jard lon-er. Hem over an in' h and a ha.if at either side of the t-hado. Six in ches from the bottom, m ike a tu k wide enough to allow th.- slat, which is usually placed 0:1 the bottom of a shade, to be slipp.-j into it. Th slat will hang on the inner side of the shade, holding it firm. The edge of the material w hich com s at the bottom of the shade should be embroidered in deep scallops and finished with fringe or eduin-. a cord and ball being fa-ier.cd i i the middle. At the top, the material is tack ed to the roller as a Holland oiuadc is fastened, tare hing taken to fasten it firmly and evenly. "But such shades will get dir:. and then what are ou going t do?" objected some one. Other shades get dirty, don't they?" was the prompt reply. -We never do anything about them. As for mine, I shall take them apart and wash them when they ;u e Mul ed. I've never beliewd in using house furnishings that won't show dirt. If it's there, I want to know it and get rid of it. And I'm plan ning different shades for winter and summer anvway. Tim.-.- for Vinter are of black er tonne with small gayly colored Iigurts. and the esumnur ones are of o cam colored net. with meedallions of heavy lace tet in across the b.w. r edge. I an making a set to give a friend as a hou-e-w arming pri-'-m, too; they are to be coar.-e. icam colored linen, edged at the sides and bottom with a narrow braid that i cream colored and dull blue. f match the colors of her living room. I've been tring to make my M t. distinctive, and the win. low shad. -were the last detail; now th. too look as if they were a real part of the home, in stead of an afterthought." ark vor om: of the many who love rich, deluiou--coffee, but never gt i We can !:ll your long felt Avant. Good teas and coffees are our long suit, and w- will give ou better quality at lowe prices than you will find elsewhere. This proposition is at least worth a test. The Coffee Banch, 12?. North Michigan st. AJv The most complete music store in Indiana floors displaying "Musical Instruments Exclusive ly" an institution of which South Bend can be justly proud! Our "Record Service" is ex cellent we tind the "record you want in 30 seconds!" 12'Smind proot Record Rooms, most com plete stock of 18,000 Records! j . i L fimouf of life