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b.vrouxxY ArrnRxoox, November 2. uns.
THE SOUTH BEND NEWS-TIMES SOUTH BE HD NEWS-TIMES Morning liveninr Sunday. THE NL'WS-TIMES PRINTING CO. 'i GABRIEL IL JSUMMLIUH. l'rui lent Lüjjj.; JOHN IIL.NKY ZUVKK. Editor. The Workingmans Right to Vote and a Congressman's Right to Oppose Army Profiteering Measures Shop Fnrly In the Day shop In the Day A Oalr AvrLletJ Vrm Mornln Taper In Northern Indiana Unly J'aprr lnlokn t he Intrrnjition. er?lc la Null iWsii In LeMtl Wire: !- ml .Night. Horn Thon IUI. CFriL't: ZU W. Colfax Ar. B!l I'bou 2I0O. Cn at the r,rr;r or trü-plioae tt've number and a:-fc for partm'3t n a r; .1 IMitorUl, AilvertlilUj;. Circulation or i COJDt:crf. For "want if your natu in in the telephone l!j-ctory. Mil Kl r- raal.ed aftr IrieertioQ. Keport lnttteu Uoa to builds, t a .J executive, poor delivery of papers. Lad ttlephor.e aervUe. tr. f Lea.l of department 'with if hie b jun ir dcilioif. Th? a-Tirne bun tirt'ii trunk line, all jf .walra rvj,oad to liur.ie l'uone llil aud Ikll ;ilUU. SLU.SCItlPTION ICATi:s : M' min an I Evening E-litions. Fizgie Copy. 2c; u&day, Oc. Icllvrred fcj carrier la Souta Hen 1 ac MlaLawaVa. I'i.UO per yrvr In adTance. or 12c by tie eek. Morning and livening Lditin. daily Inclnfilntr öunda. by Ck' ir iaontli; 7u- twj month; U"Vc per month th'Te- -.ter. or i.oo per ear in advunce. Kutert-1 at tbe South Lead XXitöSiCo aä aecoiid clai iuaiL ADVERTISING l-TLü: Ack ti.e al vmiln;r departraont. rcrelffn AdTtrtiiiii v lieprecUtlvcs: CUM;. LOK ENZEN & WoOmlAN. 25 1 irth Av , New York City. aDd Adr. Illdjf.. CMc-igi). Tbe Newi-fla endpavor to keep its alrertlJilng columns free from Irauduh-nt rrdsr-prf ntation. Any perion tlefraudfd through iia.itnux of anr al vrrtiwrneut In thi paper will roiift-r a. iavor ou the mauagcuifnt ly reportlnz thu lacta completely. NOVEMBER 2, 1918. THE DODGERS OF BERLIN. It "was Pontiu3 Pilato who rather than make an hon cat decision called for a basin of water and washed his hands of the whole Lupine s. Strongly reminiscent of that famous getting out from iirder la the recent assurance of Germany that "peaco negotiations arc Lcinc: carried on by a peoples' povern ment, and that "the military powers are also sub ject to iL" As a matter of fact, thlj advertised reversal of power represents no free final decision on the part of either party, but is a sort ot' collaborative shunting of re sponsibility. The military powern aro not selfish about it. They vvero to Marno for tho war. Let the dear people shoulder the blame lor peace, also ltd penalties. On tho other hand, tho people "negotiating for peace" are in a fine jxjsition to disclaim any liability Xor the war. gnakts in theh- llttlo nets arreo. Germany Is not a war-sick Country but a fear-sick one. Ho lon us they were victorious, tho people had no fault to find with their military meters, but stood nationally for their alms and crimes, and received their ttolcn gooo-, Hoch-thc-Kai.-'ering and DeuLschland- uebor-Alles-int? without a dissenting voice. The conclusion is plain. Government and pcoplo aro mutually involved. Neither can hope to escape its just deserts by any specious shifting of blamo and bosses under pretenco of reform. Uoth are guilty. Uoth must jay. As Kipling puts it: Tho hin tht yo do by two and two, ye shall pay for one by one." G. O. V. "BUSINESS" METHODS. KepuMlcan tactics in tho senate give the lie to the party's rosy campaign promises. Tho voters of the United States are a. Red to return g. o. p. senators and congressmen in onkr that the business of the war may be expedited. And just when this appeal is being made to tho country, republican senators aro engaged in a marntlts exhibition of political bickering In the Ken ate. For the time being, the senate chamber has been transformed into a republican campaign forum. Bitter attacks on the president, slanderous indictments of democratic eenatora and congressmen these aro the tactics which prove tho hollcw character of tho g. o. p. claims. In tho meantime, tho business of tho country waits. -Mr. Wilson has asserted that at jio time in history has our nation faced more perilous days. Great issues are demanding settlement. Added to tho stupendous prob lems of war aro the newer and greater problems of peace. The president is laboring with mlht and main for an understanding which will bring tho world war to a speedy termination, and at the samo time assure u peaco of right and justice. Itemember, please, that under the terms of the constitution, it is the senate which must approve all treaties of peace. And now, in tpite of the weighty problems which pre.ss for an early sind satisfactory settlement, republican senators are holding up the nation's activities in order that they may ronduct a disgraceful campaign of abuse against the jresident and his policies. ITnable, because of many quarantine restrictions, to tturnp the country in the usual fashion, g. o. p. senators tire stumping it from the r.oor of the senate. It makes r.o difference that important questions are daily aris ing. Questions which demand all the attention of con gress to secure a satisfactory settlement; it matters lit tle that the fate of nations 1 hanging In the balance; republican politicians muit have their "say" and such 'lundamental propositions a.s war revenue bills must jwait untii fen. Lodge and others of his ilk explain that xh election of republicans to congress is the surest liruarantee of the immediate expedition of governmental i)03ines3. Jlepubllcan in the sonafo have- organized what is tantamount to a filibuster. At tho supreme crisis in the nation's history, all normal activities must cease while o. p. senators play politics. What is happening now is but a foretaste of what may be expected should re )ublican majorities le returned in Tuesday's elections. Little wonder that Pies't Wilson ha-s appealed to tho voters of the United states in an effort to be rid of such .dilatory tactics. " JAPANESE DEMOCRACY. Japan, which lias f w :i I . n regarded as a military autocracy, in spite of its con-titutior.ai government, has now taken cn tb- dMr.ii character of a monarchic democracy, after the pattern f (".r-Mt I'ritain. The new premier, Takahi llar.i, N a 'commoner." a man who V egan life as r newspaper report r and who represents tht popular party now dominant in th aftairs of the nation. It is the first tim- that th actie head cf the Japanese gocrnment v'.er teen ether than a no "blerrMn. The program ar.nouneed by Pn tr.i. r liara is in keep ing with this Mtuatien. He desires to Lring the Japanese government wholly into ai;r meat with the spirit of democracy now animating the world and so strongly xemplified by the nations with which ?he is allied in the war again.-t Germany. Naturally, then, he 1 . lare for peace a- the perma nent policy of his country. Japan ha never been a jnilitar:ii" nation, he d vela res. i: ory war she has : fought h ts i yn d' f!:ie. T::- . is U of the army iiint Ui Japan than mo. foreigners suppose. His peo- - .. - MANCrACTUrunLS and other employer? in M. Jo?-ph county will, tif coow, rt mcinlier tliat Undr cniplojcs untie r e-tate law, uro entitled to four hours In which to otc and this free from Icnallzlng or restraint of any sort. In mor-t eitle? tho factories clo-c fT four hours, ciüur In the inorn- lnar. or In tho afternoon, or better still, they dhido up, and part of tliem closo In tli mornings and part in the afternoon. The ballot is tho high privilege of every American, and to seek to re strain it, or thwart its use is not only un-patrlotie In theso times, Isit un-American always and. ubjeit to severe punishment. JJesIiles eonere.-s recently pa.sscl a corrupt lmictices act that Jilts tlds matter inirtlcularly hard. In some localities, factories that are Iaying bonnscs on particular lines of work, or for continuous .service, are saying to their men, "yes, you may have your four hour, but It counts against your bonus," which Is pen alizing and capable of restraining a man from voting, Just as much as though ho were hired to stay away from the polls. This lndng a congressional elec tion the federal corrupt iractices act applies, and wo would dlllke to sec any of our manufacturers, here or in MHliawaka, taken before the fed eral court for encouraging any of their men, individually or collective ly, to stay away from the joll.s by recalling Ioniises or by wage re ductions. We have all !ccii patriotic, loyal to the fundamentals of democracy, Incident to the war, and we can af ford to continue so, practicing tliat democracy among ourselves. South Itcnd and Misliawaka, furthermore, have lecn freer from labor troubles during past years, than niosi any other cities in tho country. It wouldn't be wise for the manu facturers to stir up any ill-feolinic anions: their men by not arfordin--theni all the time tliat the law al lows: this without pcnalizliuc re straints to In applied tlurmigh the pay-em eIoic for the ecrci.so of their right of franclil-. We mention it in passing. Atten tion luis already Tccn called to it by Chairman 31. I Foley of the state council of defense, and by the federal department of Justice. Gov ernment agents may also lie here to kecj tab on violations of this order, and of other?. ewlJcrry methods, as they lune oeratel in Michigan at the pri mary, and threaten to repeat, will hardly Ix tolerated in northern In diana, if vigilance can detect it. We might just as well understand each other and meet the situation like patriotic, self-respecting, Ameri canixcil men, ''IkutcIs of ImxHc" supplied to corrupt, or coerce, in luilf of the privilege seekers, not- witlitaudüig. INCIDENTALLY we have a great 1 long telegram from the National Security league, so-called. Its dis guise of monopolists of American patriotism and infalliblists as to what constitutes legislative wisdom, luvvlng liad something of a liole klcktl into it, it is Tcginnlng to threaten. We aro frightened, terribly fright ened. We know they arc great law yers, these counsel for the arms and munitions manufacturers, whose only secmltog idea of wise patriotism is arms and munitions making, and big congressional appropriations to fatten the makers, but we guess we have a right to print facts from the Congressional Ilceord, ami are not so very particular about their roar. Had they only approached us without an evasive lie insinuative prevarication on their lips, we might feel different about It, but when they say as they do, tliat a republican fron "Wlsoonsin with a record that resembles Barnl-art's" introduced a resolution In congress to imctlsrato the league, they again slander Congressman Ikindurt's rec ord, ami on two of the mo?l ltal incasuns liavlng to do with Ameri can loyalty. Congressman IVcer, to whom they refer, otcd against the declaration of war. and Congressman Itarntutrt voted for it. Coiurrcssnian Ikirnlutrt voted against the nefarious Mclx more pro-German sea-swecping" resolution, and Congressman trrvr otetl for it. Some dlfTerence. Tliese measures go to the heart of loyalty, much more so than how either of them voied on enlargements of the army, or appropriations to line the iwckct of arms munition and supply man ufacturers, hi pre-war days, when v were trying to keep out of war instead of get into it, though still insisting iiikmi our neutral rights. We anticipate that more of the league's sweeping statements and as surances are of a similar order: not so very particular about anything, sne how men voted to afford cer tain industrialists, strong lehind the league, with a government patron age, war or no war. What they call preparedness' Is their hobby. Kvidcntly they see noth ing else, ami we anticipate that much of their interest Jn the next congress Isn't over loyalty to Ameri ca, a.s much as it is to the establish ment of a military system that will keep up the business of manufac turing arms, powder, army cloth ing, etc,, forever. lractically their whole schedule against Congressman Itaiiiliart, iarts of it false at that, has to do with pre-war militarist measures. The test of loyalty is anti-surrender to Cicnnany not surrender to the American army supply profiteeip, -or their special political pleaders. pie desire nothing more than to Insure the righteous peace Of the world hereafter, and desire nothing for themselves that has to be attained by conquest. Ho dis claims any aggressive intent in Siberia and China, and particularly with regard to America. He intends, he says, to cultivate Kood relations with the United States and sec "every shadow of misunder standing removed." This task Is much easier than it would have been a few years ago. We have been learning something about our friends and enemies, actual and prospective. Most intelligent Americans know by this time that our fear and distrust of Japan has been due chiefly to German propaganda. It will be easy to get along with Japan hereafter, at least while such men as Premier Hara remain in power. THE VOICELESS CAMPAIGN. When has there been such a campaign as this? Can tho oldest citizen recall an autumn when tho first Tues day after the lirst Monday in November approached so silently? No rallies no picnics no political mass meetings no stump speeches it is unheard of. The "llu" has finished what the Liberty loan began. Having surrendered tho first half of the usual cam paigning time to the loan, omce-seekers now find, in al most every community, that health edicts supported by publi . opinion forbid all public gatherings not abso lutely essential. Campaigning of the accustomed type is thus relegated to the status of a non-essential industry. Terhaps it is Just as well, too. The candidates can reach the voters as effectively through the newspapers and mails as they ever did from the stump. In fact, the Importance of stump-speaking has been steadily waning In importance in recent years. It has come to have little value in itself, serving chiefly an a device whereby speakers may, through tho reporting of their speeches, reach the larger audience, the "great reading public. They can do that now, and are doing it, in direct statements and appeals. The public seems content, and may incaed bo able to make up its mind more easily, and vote more wise ly, than if its ears were? dinned and its judgment con fused by the voices and tricks of ordinary political oratory. If the United States had put the time and money into teaching English to foreigners which she put into teaching German to Americans, there would have beer no need for establishing schools at the military camps to teach the foreign soldiers the meaning of "gun," 'cannon," "Forward, march!" and "On to Berlin." The German chancellor has complained tha. Tres't Wilson does nut make clear what his peace conditions mean for Germany's future. Well, let Germany do the worrying about that. What we are concerned with is the world's future. THE MEL TING POT "Come Take Pot Luck With UtT LITTLli itonniirs PA. Ily Willia m I'. Kirk. Other Editor Than Oim ' I thi: iKKsnK:v'is noti:. (Indianapolis News.) The president's recent note to the German govern ment seems to have met with approval, both at home and abroad. In this country ther- are a few dissenting voices, but for the most part the press sees in it a de mand for surrender, and for the elimination of the war lords of Germany. More than that, it i3 admitted that tho is.ue has been presented to the German gov ernment in such a way as to make evasion dilhcult. Whatever discussions there may be in the future should be between Germany and tho allied governments as a whole, since the matters presented in the recent German note have been referred to the allies. It Is now for them to say whether they think an armistice advUable. Further than that, the president made it plain that the tiuestion of an armistice was now purely a military one. He made it quite plain that there could be no armistice that did net make it impossible for Germany o continue military operations. Whether the correspondence will bring peace or not no one can say. Meanwhile the f.ghting will go on. and our troops will continue to move over tr.e sea more than 2,000,000 of them having already gone. The only t-a'e assumption is that the war Ls to go on, which we think quite likely. The president's blow delivered on Germany's home front may help toward victory by de veloping av longing-Xor. liberty Us kids started a new gang yes terday, it is called the Boy liolshe veekys. Why did you taik that naim? sed Ma. Abie Ulumenstine gaivo us our naim, I sed. I dident know you played with Sweeds, sed Fa. What is yure order going to do now that you have started it, sed Pa. We are going to tite for Ideels, I sed. I dident know thare was any moar Ideels left unproteck-ted, sed Pa. Our noabel army is talking cair of the Ideels worth whilr sed Pa, I know, I sed. but Hie Hoy Bol sheveekys Is going to help our old er brothers wich is fiteing in tho trenches & workshops, I sed. Good for you, sed Pa. That is the way to shout. I am sure yure noabel band of yung heroes will do grate things until you start sum thing else & fergit about tho Boy Bolsheveekys, sed Pa. Wen I wa3 yung. Pa sed, us kids was all the time starting sumthing &, newer flnnlshirig it, sed Pa. I was eeleckted Presldenc, I sed to Pa. That is too bad. sed Pa. You have a grate ree-spons-i-bility, sed Pa. You aro likely to lose sum of yure frends, sed Pa. A President always has plenty of friends, I Fed to Pa. You wait see, sed Pa. Tho only President I know that has plenty öf frends is our grate President Wil son, sed Pa. Peepul cant help bee ing his frend. Dut presidents of railrodes & clubs, etc., has pritty ruff going, sed Pa. Watch yure step, Bobbie, sed Pa, You must not dis-courage our Ut tel son, sed Ma. If the other boys though enuff of Bobbie to inak him President of thare order, sed Ma, you should feel com-plimented. I hoap you dident expeck them to make you thare President, sed Ma to Pa. Certlngly not, sed Pa, I was meer ly warning Bobbie that Uneesy lies the hed that wares a crown, sed Pa. Taik His Nibs the Kiser for a ex ample, sed Pa. He is losing wate laltly, the palper say. His hed is about live pounds liter than it used to be. It is too bad. too, sed Pa. beekaus tho German peepul are vary hard up for fav. Well, sed Ma, I am glad litte. Bob ble stands so well with his play maits that thay have made him thare cheef. It Is in the blood, sed Pa. As I have offen toald you. it was tries-aim with m? wen I wa3 Uttel. The other boys always wanted to rally around me, sed Pa. Yure mother toald me that wile thay was rallying around you thay afi'en sent you hoam to her with a lor.g story of woe, sed Ma. Deer old mother, sed Pa. she fer gits. Littel do the old reecal of the Triumphs of thare children, sed Pa. I guess that is so, sed Ma. Yure mother newer men.hunei any Tri umphs to me. But I hoap Bobbin gits along famous-ly with his Boy Bolsheveekyj. sd Ma. It is mch a cute naim. yet so feerce. sed Ma. You bet we are fecrcer than Boy Scouts, anyhow. the ages of 18 and 50 years not to be engaged in some useful occupa tion. This leaves South Benl about the last town in the state that has not passed such a war ordinance. DUAUTII Ol CASKI7TS IN WARSAW. Warsaw undertakers have ex hausted their supply of caskets be cause of the "many deaths there as the result of the "llu," and have been compelled to borrow from their brethren in adjoining towns. W. U.'s, find out if any of your departed citi zens were pro-Germans or "copper heads" and then borrow, your neighbor's plow. Tine boxes would even be too expensive for such purposes. KI MAY GO TO WAIt. Ed Rimpler is endeavoring to en list in the United States army. Goshen News-Times. Too late to be come a hero now. Ed. Ought to thought of that a year or more ago maybe you'd been more successful. NIAVS FROM Tili: FRONT. Special Extra! Wilbur F. Welty of Nappanee has been qualified for general military service by the Warsaw draft board. John i'chock of Syracuse was rejected. GAIN IN MILES MADE BY ALLIED TROOPS ON WEST FRONT, FRIDAY LONDON, Nov. 2. Friday's attack in Flanders was rewarded by an advance of more than five miles on a 10-milo front. It brought the allies to the Scheldt from IlcrclK'm to Gavero, 10 miles south of Ghent, This ad vance probably will enable the Belgians to push tho enemy over the Derivation canal to tho Ter neuze canaC South of Valenciennes the at tack resulted In an advance of two mil.es on a four-mile front and the capture of Aulnoy and Ireseau, thus reaching the south ern edge of Valenciennes, width is tUxxlod. The French and American on the southern part of the battle line attacking through Attigny liaio advanced lctwecn three and four miles and are Hearing Buäncy. atti:ntiov. cofnchaifn: The town trustees of the village of Cromwell, near Goshen, have pastel an ordinance making it a misde meanor 4or sanal9 :persortJtetweea TS Srrnoiic craup t usually relieved with cue application o Vovir "Boclvd caret NEW PRICES 30c 60c, $1.20 Wiiij Bald, so Young KUD uananiii ana Itching with Cutiaira Ointment A im k Shampoo With Cntictri Swp 3. . ' ' ; z Children's Knit Sweaters at $1.50 from 7:30 to 9:30) Many are the mothers and the frienjs of children who tonight be tween 7:30 and Q:3o will choose one of these Sweaters for a Christ mas gift for a little tot 2 to ö years. In little belted all around styles or just belted backs. With pocket and with roll collars or V-necks. Finely knit and priced regularly S2.5o and S3. For a two-hour special Sl.50. (Not more than 2 to a customer). Beacon Blanket Bath Robe $3.95 Another timelv iten because a bathrobe is always pretty to give and a practi dfr. Tonieht between 7:30 and 9:30 choice of our S3 Beacon Blanket 11 Ro'res for women. In varied piaiGs, size ys 10 4U, ai SJ.ya cacn. lical Bath SAMUEL P. SCHWARTZ 0:1 . ' I "Wu . . ., Democratic Candidate for Prosecuting Attorney Has served the past 5 years as. Deputy Prosecutor A vote for him is a vote to insure an administration of Honor-Integrity-Efficiency Don't Feed Milk to young calves. Give them Calf Chow and sell the milk. Your calves will do better and you will save money by it. ARTIFICIAL ICE CO. 525-535 N. Emerick St. Home 6123 Bell 2221 ADLER BROS. Ou 3IlcIiUran at Washington Since 189-1. till: stoiil: rou mcn and doys. MAX ADLER COMPANY World's Kest Clothes. Corner Miel, and Vadi. Sta. Union Trust Company I 8af Deposit Hoxes with pe! tajdliiita for tb privacy of cut torn er. uy From n p i if i lt i.imhi L'..t'" ,n-i i - B South Bend 1 Alf -$$ilO? GOOD CIDTH 9 &BJmi&i2L t2Q QTIZENS BANK & TRUST CO. Safety Deposit Boxes $1.50 per year. To butici yourseil up when you feci run dovn to bring back health, appetite ind strength tako They are the men who give you credit when you are financially embarrassed and carry your account when you are unable to pay. They are the men who stand back of their guarantee and make restoration of all losses you may sustain on goods you buy from them. They are the men who give you back your money or make exchanges when you are not satisfied with what you have bought They are the men who take a neigh borly interest in you, your family and your affairs. They are the men who pay heavy taxes to help support the schools, build and maintain the streets, police and fire de partments and other public institutions. They help to support the churches, hos pitals and charity organizations. They are the men whose clerks live in South Bend and spend their money with you and other people of the city. They are the SOUTH BEND mer chants YOUR neighbors YOUR friends YOUR HELPERS in time of need. Don't you or won't you realize that every dollar you spend out of town goes to strangers who never spend a cent here? BE FAIR TO THE SOUTH BEND MERCHANTS your friends and neigh bors you should buy in South Bend at all times. Lrtt 51 of Any Me J! ein in ihm Wwli. EVERY SHOE a Bargain Shoe el GUARANTEE SHOE COMPANY union SHOE CO. I i u