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1. e? 1 . I "1 5 r ApSOUTH BEND NEWS-TIMESl EITM j "0 w m 7T5 Ik A JL A VOL. XXXV, NO. 315. A NEWSPAPER FOR THE HO MB WITH ALL THE LOCAL NEWS. SOUTH BEND, INDIANA, MONDAY, NOV. 11, 1918. DAY AND MUHT FCLL LEASED WIRK TELEGRAPHIC HEKVICE, PRICE TWO CENTS r : I ii JJ mm Z3 - j J üuuuvj vry n u Mil p - Soifdi International New sivlre: Bend. Join All Am nerica in Celebration o M n i! WASHINGTON, Nov. 1 1 With the nation's capital agog, through crowded streets seldom seen here save on in auguration days, Pres't Wilson proceeded from the White House to Capitol Hill at noon today, and at 1 o'clock (Wash ington time), proclaimed to the country, by addressing congress, the terms of the world war armistice. Germany ha virtually surrendered unconditionally to the allies accepting all allied demands. s Realization that Generalissimo Foch had issued his order of "cease firing," and the first deadly silence on the western front in four years, had been on since 6 o'clock this morning, inspired a different atmosphere than when the president proceeded to the capitol April 2, 1917, when his purpose was to recommend that America enter the conflict to "make the world safe for democracy." From the speaker's desk in the house of representatives, where members of both houses had assembled, the presi dent said: SUMMARY OF TEXT th German armies must evacuate the left bank of Rhine, that territory to be administered by the allies. On the east German armies must be withdrawn within the pre-war boundaries of Germany. The Roumanian and Russian treaties are abrogated. Naval terms call for surrender of submarines and all grades of warships. Armistice extends 30 days with privilege of renewal. President also assured congress that Germany cannot re new the war if she wanted to. allies and United States garrisons holding the principal crossings of Lihe Rhone, Mayence, CoMentz, Col ogne, together with bridgeheads at these points in 30 kilometers radius on tho right bank and by garrisons similarly holding the strategic points of the region. A neutral zone shall be reserved on the right of the Rhine between the stream and a line drawn parallel to it 40 kilomet res to the cast from the frontier of Holland to the parallel of Gernsheim and as far as practicable a distance of HO kilometres from the east of stream from this parallel upon Swiss frontier. Evacuation by the enemy of the Rhine lands shal) be so or dered a.s to be completed within a further period of 11 days, in all 19 days after the signature of the arm istice. All movements of evacuation and organization will be regulated according to the noto annexed. NO i:VACTTIO. Or INHABITANTS. In all territory evacuated by the enemy there shall be no BY JOHN EDWIN NEV1N. (International News Service Staff Correspondent). WASHINGTON, Nov. 11. Pres't Woodrow Wilson in pcjowii lino uiiuiiuuii iic nmo iu uic pann.ipai.iuii ui i evacuation of inhabitants; no dam the United States in the hloodshed of ihn worin1 war. On tillage or harm shall be done to the platform where he called for a declaration of war against imperial Germany the chief executive today read the terms of the armistice which has halted hostilities. The president said: '(r.tb'im n of the llifvc anxious turn .-1 u p .:.! '-i s rhar.u- ror.-r.'ss: of rapid In a n d it will i:i so:ii' -'!!.- of It'SJon- in !t-ioM the in ! u-ii so:n tr. a tm - vi X h'" h !i ; i.n t .-sa rv ifi'-r lii;htn sil.ility to " i form oiily of contiuuiiiiM of th'" l.u r riri-., sit iiat :oii , ith u hu "Tb.' C'TDi mi a nthi'Titi wim h. at ihc i 1 1 v 1 1 1 1 : 1 1 : i of th. sa pi'!u war i'n:;r.cil. I n in mm us anica t ion with Mai; h;il 1'orh. hav ;' 'pt'tl aritl -iilln'.l thr ti-f!:'.s o' : i r : u 1 1' w hi. h h- wa s authri?-il iii'nl in.- tnifted To ; a :aii i ara to Them. Tb.o.-t1- trri:i : MILITARY n Wl sT I KON I. Mi'it.iry rl. !'.: a "1 Cs -at ion of Inr-.d aral in tb.1 a:r tat- sicn.itar 'f t!,--'"2 Iiiirr-'diatr ,. i'.'.! CO 1 ;i t r s ; 1 " ' : - i - I ,ori :i l !'. i I i d as to 1 ;.t - fr-ni th-J-t.r (lent. a: l.ot b ft '. a , .r - within 1 1 pv;-o:a-y 1 .. alli-d is tuliow.-: a i n I I 1 11 rations by j b ho:;i i aftrr ; 1": -tu i with 'Ti of in - i down nients of evacuation and occupation will h. regulated in accordance with , a noto annexed to the state.! terms. I Repatriation beginning at ; one o anl leir.Lr completed within j 14 days of all inhabitants -f the ; oi'ictrys ahoe mntioned, includ i i:.' ho-tatr" and persons under trial 1 or r O!l ieted. : mi m snti;r.Mii:i: ; Mien i ;n ivM i'T. ! "i s-arrf nder in (iod condition i j by th (It nn.in armies of th f ol - , lowing eijuipnient : I'ie thousand! : i: wv. s. c.r.foi hMv. -.r.oo ti.-id) no.-i . '" maehin uuns .? foot nininu-pp. I shall j f.-rs. L'.Mi" a-roplanes ( tUhters. j motives. r.O.OO-0 watrons and 10.000 bombers ürstly D: 7:'. and niuht motor lorries in pood workinc: order ! bom) in- machines). Tho above to 1 vitli all necessary spare parts and delivered to the allies and httlncrs shall be delivered to me as- ite l States troops- in aceorda n-e i sooiate! powers wunin me perioa jhtsoiis or property of the Inhabi tants:. No destruction of any kind to be committed. Military establish ments of all kinds shall be deliver ed intact as well as military stores of food, munitions, equipment not removed during the periods fixed for evacuation. Stores of food of all kinds for the civil population, cattle, etc., shail be left In Situ. Industrial establishments shall not be im paired In any way and their person nel shall not bo removed. Roads and means of communication of ev ery kind, railroad, waterways, main roads. bridges. telegraphs, tele- ! phones, snail be in no manner im paired. mi st c;ivi; n MOTOR I.QriP.MKNT. "7 All civil and military person nel at present employed on them remain. rive thousand loeo- .lV! the detail d conditions in the annexed note. laid . a ro:::;Vt it i t : i ' ' ; ' . !!.' ' t I' w . : and b: i I ) W 1 'rar.ee. 1 4 nn h.r.e t r r i T l,'. 0 w i tli in th. mit i: ci .mi: I.KIT RAMv Ol' RIIIM : . . '. v i b'c; :ted . ;nri "." --1 ' vac;;at ion by the brman arn'.ie of the countries vn th.e left bink of tbr Khine. Th se countries on the b ft bank of the Ithine shall ! be al:r.in'.st'ie,l th- local authori- ibonities ur!er the control of the i!s 5 a'lied i and th t'nited State? armies cf oc- Tt-,-' occupation of the.o will b- determined by w it. a unation. ; o e . 1 t e r r i t r i e fixed for the evacuation of Re!pium ( and Luxemburg. The railways of Alsaee-Ijorraine shall be handed j over within the same period, to- ! irether with all pro-war personnel ami material. Further material j noeesary for the working of rail- I ways in th country on the left bank j of tho Rhine shall be left in Situ, t All stores of coal and material fori the upkeep of permanent ways, sio pose. r.als and repair shops left entire in Clause concerning East Africa: situ and kept in an efficient state by "17 Unconditional capitulation of Germany during the whole period of armistice. All bargen taken from the allies shall be restored to them. A note appended regulates the details of these measures. "8 The German command shall be responsible for revealing all mines or delay-acting fuses disposed on territory evacuated by the Ger man troops and shall assist in their discovery and destruction. The Ger man command shall also reveal all destructive measures that may have been taken (such as poisoning or polluting of springs, wells, etc.) un der penalty of reprisals. "9 The right of requisition shall be exercised by the allied and the United States armies in all occupied territory. The upkeep of the troops of occupation in the Rhine land (ex cluding Alsace-Lorraine) shall be charged to the German government. "10 An immediate reparation without reciprocity according to de- J tailed conditions which shall be tlx- I ed. of all allied and United States ! prisoners of war. The allied powers and tho United States shall be able to dispose of these prisoners as they wish. "11 Sick and wounded who can not be removed from evacuated ter ritory will be cared for by German personnel who will be left on the spot with the medical material required. IlSIOSrTION ON rsti:kn rnoxTunt. Disposition n lative to the eastern frontiers of Ge: many. "12 All German troops at pres ent in any territory which before the war belonged to Russia, Rou manla or Turkey shall withdraw within the frontiers of Germany as they existed on August 1st, 1914. "i:; Evacuation by German troops to begin at once and all Ger man instructors, prisoners, and civil ian as well as military agents, now on the territory if Russia (as de fined before 1914) to be recalled. "14 German troops to cease at once all requisitions and seizures and any other undertakings with a vkw to obtaining supplies intended 1 for Germany in Roumania and Rus sia (as defined on Auer. 1st, 1914). "in Abandonment of the treat'es of Bucharest and Brest-Litovsk and of the supplementary treaties. "K. The allies shall have free access to the territories evacuated by the Germans on their eastern frontier either through Danzig or by the Vistula in order to convey supplies to the populations of those territories or for any other pur- all German forces operating In East Africa within one month. AUÜ riusoxwis MUST ma riiciiD. "18 Repatriation, without recip rocity, within a maximum period of one month, in accordance with de tailed conditions hereafter to be fix ed, of all civilians interned or de parted who may be citizens of other allied or associated states than those mentioned in clause three, Para graph 19, with the reservation that any future claims and demands of the allies and of the United States of America remain unaffected. "19 The following financial con ditions are required: Repearatlon for damage done. While such armistice lasts no public securities Bhall be removed by the enemy which can Berve as a pledge to the allies for the recovery or reparation for war losses. Immediate restitution of the cash deposit, in the National bank of Belgium and in general Immediate return of all documents, specie, stocks, shares, paper money together with plant for the issue thereof, touching public or private interests in the invaded countries. Restitu tion of the Russian and Roumanian gold yielded to Germany or taken by that power. This gold to be de livered in trust to the allies until the signature of peace. XAVAIj CONDITIONS i:quaij.y srcvKitK. "20 Immediate cessation of all hostilities at sea and definite infor mation to be given as to the location and movements of all German ships. Notification to be given to neutrals that freedom of navigation in all territorial waters is given to the naval and mercantile marines of the allied and associated powers, all questions of neutrality be waived. "21 All naval and mercantile marine prisoners of war of the al lied and associated powers in Ger man hands to be returned without' reciprocity. "22 Surrender to the allies and the United States of America of 160 German submarir.es( including all submarine cruisers and mine lay ing submarines) with their complete armament and equipment in ports, which will be specified by the allies and the United States of merica. All other submarine? to bo paid off and completely disarmed and placed un der the supervision of the allied powers and the United States of merica. must srimrrxnKU UMTS OF FIjUIJT. "23 The following German sur face warships which shall be desig nated by th allies and the United States of America shall forthwith be disarmed and thereafter interned in neutral ports, or. for the want of them, in allied ports, to be desig nated by the allies and the United States of America and placed under the surveillance of the allies and the United Stales of America, only care takers being left on board, namely; Six battle cruisers, 10 battle ships, eight light cruisers, including two mine-layers, 50 destroyers of the most modern type. All other sur face war.ihips (including river craft) are to te concentrated In German naval bases to be designated by tho allies and the United States of Amer ica, and are to be paid off and com pletely disarmed and placed under the supervision of the allies and tha United States of America. All vessels of the auxiliary fleet (trawlers, motor vessels, etc) are to be disarmed. "24 The allies and the United States of America shall have the right to tiweep up all mine Heids and obstructions laid by Germany oi side German territorial waters, and the positions of these are to be indicated. HOT TO HURRY I DF Ö. S, I! Sec'y Daniels Says Contracts For Men to Man Ships Will be Filled. Intmatif nal Nv.s Service: WASHINGTON', Nov. 11. The demobilization of the navy will not be hurried. This was announced by Sec'y of the Navy Daniels today. He statt.'d that he had contracts with the shipping board to furnish men for its ships and he will con tinue to do this as these vessels will be need;l to bring the boys home He has oalled for estimates from all bureau chiefs which will be used to curtail operations and carry out an emergency program. Sec'y Daniels, for the first tim. announced the number of naval men in France, including marine, ns 70.000. He said that most of these will stay there for some time as they have work to do, and that very likely the marines will be the lasr to come home although that is up to Gen. Pershing. H said that he ii not getting any men at present un der the draft so that cancellation of the draft order will not affee th navy. IS S 001iS mm HR ST MEWS CITY: GROliD YOUR BOYS "over there" ceased lifchtins: at 5 o'clock South Bend time, this morning, two and a hall hours after cele bration of the event began by the "folks a: home.' The News-Times brought the tirst official assurance of the end of the '.var oyer its leased wire from Washington, at l:J5 o'clock, noticed Howard Emmons, secretary of the Chamber of Commerce, and Mayor Franklin R. Carson, who in turn announced it to the city by water works and factory whistles, and in les than half an hour the down-town district was a seething mass or humanity. Celebration of the end of the great war became the order of the day. Bands real, and improvised, automobiles, hearses, motor trucks loaded to the "gills", and marchers by thousands armed with all sort of noise-making contraptions, began a great paarde. It was a perfect bedlam that maintained up to the present hour. Men from all walks of life, women and chi'lden, the rich and ins poor, plutocrat and proletarist, vied with each other in jeers for ths Hun and cheers for the allies. Nothing like it has ever been wit nessed in South Bend. As one colored enthusiast put it; "You know, mistah, dis am de greatest day in all de histr ob de worl.' a perfect bedlam that maintained up :n daylicrht, and at times re vived. When the hour for labor arrived, at the factories. Olivers and iSngers remained closed, as if a holiday had been declared, and while Studebakers opened, the employe v. ere given to understand that they could work or not a- they saw Mt. and th.e day bean very short-handed as many of the workers fore"! to show up at all other plants, if operating "at all ".ere a if ec ted similar to the Stude bakers. The celebration, so far as concerns the blowing of the whiMies was prearranged by the city administration and the Chamber (if Commerce. The News-Times stayed on guard all hiy r:dv.. its leased wire with Washington open, but setting nly news A revo lution in Germany, and the progress of the armi-ice curler. The city seemingly went to bed, but slept with but one eye. anticipating the big event"; this guessed from the way in which humanity pour ed into the streets with the lirst nohe. DANISH FRONTIER IS CLOSED TO ESCAPE OF GERMAN RICH PEOPLE 1 n r" rr.ov'!. v ; r.-.l h.md. Th" w"ir;?: ir : run c : -s h.:S : : - ri strictly ;:-. A M ST !"..': I A?!, brnin.' h. tr.'- ha. 1 i. Prof. p: ';!):. tl'-n. FS. S .'1 I i cnpi:NH.ni-:., SUtur-l o-. Nv. ?. i j The Imr.i.sh frontier is hdr.g strict-1 I lv gu.irdd 1'V thf German "ii r.s' . council. This is ldng dor,, it is. ,-, ptatd. in orier to pr r.t tn f-'ir" . i- . . rr,.,,-.; . , - r;- I of rich people, generals and oth-r j f r ,. , r , ry , n- A 'f,f S, r; ir.. high olücers. It h lS an .,r:; r.f ... . , i r.re j All national cockades and th" ,.,.- :.n r r,,. nti ;:, -. f ensr'. on the helmets of soMIth hive J.rpuV t ;r.r, r, THIS ORDER BY MARSHAL FOCH ENDS FIGHTING IN GREAT WAR LONDON Nov. 11 (10:51 a. m. ) Marshal Foch, the allied generalissimo, issued the following order to all com manders to cease hostilities, said a French wireless dispatch today: "To Commanders in Chief. Hostilities will cease on the whole front as from Nov. 11, at 11 o'clock a. m. (French time.) The allied troops will not until further orders go beyond the line reached on that date and at that hour. (Signed)-- "MARSHAL FOCH."