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nii: wi:.vniiTit AFTERNOON i EDITION Indiana !: dar-; slicViil'i' w cr Miiiig.in ' I . - 1' i scire ti.:i pr..! v ' VOL. XXXV, NO. 334. rv am night rt'M. i.PAs.m wii:i: j r:M:;i:Ai'ii!': skkviyk SOUTH BEND, INDIANA, SATURDAY, NOV. 30, 1918. a NnwPArnn rem tuk itomi:. WITH ALL Till: LlAL .tV. PEICE TWO CENTS 1 -i n Y. LflfO) rn rp ma lu I. M 1 1 yj Lz3 ui3 L a CONFERENCE PRELIM ARIES MUST ACCOMPLISH GREAT WORK m SOUTH vi or JL IIVIUjO UP? Writ II Ü iL oll ÜJ rap 7s r In 111 i i 1 1 h m r v r in, 1 j 1 I i 1 1 Iii i u u 0 uu 1 JUL mm G. 0. P.TQFIGHT FOR DELftY TO SEIZE CONTROL Criticize Administration For Not Rushing Program But Plan Stubborn Resist ance to Suggestions. VAMII.(.T(), Nm. :,. lr..t Wllxm iiildn -n- afliTiiHn, It wiiM riiio.iiKtl at iw 1 1 i 1 4 IimI.. At tin saiiH time it ;t inII-;ilMl that tfif ;riiliit would oar lor N'v ork 011 iIm ;iiim after iooii ami would ad tor Üut'ojM on Im following morning. It was al ."said tliat mic of the presll'iit"s a-t (Hielal net-, he fore lexlii: tlw eoiinlry would he to nmiouiiee Mictvssors to William i. Ie.loo a, seere tary of the treaj-ury and a di rector jrerseral of railro-uls. W A S 1 1 T N I TO N". Nov. no. I'rpst Wilson's a niioii nrmifnt of ;i pcarc rorfTnct' dl-a(ion, lu'afln! by himself and ron.si.'t in c hesilps of .Spc'y of Stftto Intntr. ol. K. M. Ho us. Horny Whito and Tnskpr II. Itiisw. will raus the trat to oic Its dlsaporoval when ronerrrs reconvenes on Monday, it is helieved tttday. There had teen a strong be lief amonr members of th upper house that one of their num'nT should he included in the delegation. Kurtherniore. a report that when the president addresses the joint session, proh.ihly on Monday. hi would do to more than to describe, what klral of rcontruetion letrts lntion he desires. touching only liKhtly fn the peace ronference. served to raue republican senators. epecinl. to brine up th'lr line! for 5harp hkirmish. I'rejKirt fop Pattlr. And. while the pre.-i-lent r.iay ap pronrh nvittrrs of peace and refer only in pasinp to his trip overseas, he ig certain, senators helleve,i to day, to express a strong desire that the reconstruction problems he broticht ab'dir by the war be taken Tip by congress in th" near future. In anticipation. !emo rats and re publicans stated that they were pre-p-rinp for the stiffest kind of a bt? ilativ lattle befoi-e the coniincr t-es-xion end and with it a battle for control of congress. RejaiMicin senators and repre sentatives frankly admit they aro iuiily r.Tr;atrcd In lirin--r ip in prepa tation for whatever move the pres ent democratic majority makes to pas reconstruction le-islatioin in om pi ia uce with the president's wishes. The- sy they do not de-ire sai-h legislation to he dispo-ed f i.ntil they asVT-ie cn'itrd of th.e next onress. They b.ope to be ahl to !ocV. t-ach JeisVitio!! until the present conirr-- pa s. 0:2t of ei ; r'e. three months heroe. so they .an h: rolle it iti their own way later on. 1'eonomy lVoirram r.iMUuh. They d'clare th presen rnress will h.UP rpiv,-!i t do to ake r;ir f appropriation- for the f:so.i; year, '.e- nnin .T'-.ly I'.M?. without at ' -t-.'.ptlrs' to ,b-! with reeontruc . ;on, which in tbr ir oo'.ceaent shotild n,ade the cM,jf o!" gradual and .,rt haty te!-: 1 1 ii-'i. AT-otl-.er ar-an-.e": tli a 1- v:,nc!rs a Tor,- this line is that, nside ''om appropriations. 1 j'licy of '"vara", i: r i' re '-pi' Tinier, t. er savin-?, m- -to oi Of snendiT.. v. ! e adopt d It. tween l.v th pre --ent 4 or t'"r' to ii V. n .T a ppropria t :ot: fo- the vear di-po-ir of the eXt t'C.i.l ' . lt- 1. 'a ' ed rceni:e Till ard re-.;..je- w,i r appropriations. con-.-e-s wi'l h.a'.-o enot:'-h to do. tliey , we t. w-.tho -.t attcn.ptiti to take cov rr.tr.er.t ownership and other vil problems as are sure to he in- cd tu siKh reconstruction h-cts- i-oi as the administration may de. s'rr . The dem.Ov'rat i opporents ievv situation differently- Terno- -;.t:, leader- are voicing th sttvns , v? j. position to any attempt at de ' -:r reconstruction Th v say hov a-e prepared to rig lit for fecon--!;... b-si-lition by the pres.nt in an out of uu mit too. : ; th t the republican re reik- withou their h"- if thy 1 : that .iemoorati'- members of ,,,,-rr.s, wh.o were d.cfe.itel for re- '' f !HT v , 1 1 !lp'.: -; w .irm !e, iter what the '"!t"i"i.-tiati"!i may desire PtÄH ''f 'A f . '' ' -"Y': U': 4 ' A ? . . vir- . I : -jot. i & V. '. ' t r .? v-. L -' - - - ,.-.? isl t - : ' - .;-, A croup of American soldiers, fresh from the front linea, poring over finding their way about the winding streets of Paris. Victory Coliseum is Proposed as Tribute to Soldiers of County A movement for the establishment of a "Victory Coliseum." as a tribute to the St. Joseph county men who have served in the great war, at the same time iillinc: what it re gards as a vital need in this city, has been started by the Social Service council. A committee appointed at the last monthly meeting of the council has drafted a set of resolutions favoring the project and advocating that tho coliseum be supported by taxation. The Mibjet t was broached by llev. Dr. A. .M. Keils, vice president of tho council at the last meeting, follow ing the inaugural address by YV. K. Miller, president. 1. M. Hammer schmidt also endorsed the project. The latter ascribed much of the po litical unrest of phe age to the fact that different factions of the people do not understand tach other and asserted that class prejudice would be eliminated through the use of an assembly hall where labor and oapi tal could meet together on a com mon ground and reach a satisfactory understa nding. I VII. 1..UHH h' Project. In fauruhing the proposal Dr. Kell said in part: "There are under consideration several suggestions as to the nest method of common' 'rating th.e alor of tear soldiers who have responded to the rail of the colors. The .sug gestions all indicate a worthy desiro to offer a titting tribute for ervice well rendered. "It is proposed that a monument le ereotr-d to memorialize the deeds of those warriors who have pone from our county. We have such a monument now and it is not "a tiling of beauty," even if it should ije - a .' ioreer. in art, no ai- tempt is made to keep it beautiful j except wlori some benevolent or-, ganization is moved to a spa rod i- I effort t" improve its appearance. j "And it ha- been urged thit a hos. ( pita! would ''O a titting meniori il 1 to our soldiers. There is much that j can be said in favor of this idea.; Hat the tendency of the age js to i consolidate institutions and nt i separate them. Duplication is al-I ways an usdess waste. We have! two hospitals in the city under dif- ferent management. Why a third J hospitil under a Mi'l different man-! aberrant "? If our hospital facilities; are inadequate it would be much; easier to pres- rve their management and to enlarge thoe facilities. ! "This war was the res :lt of t-on-j f. ieting ideas. n nn side it wa: 1 Might i right. i 'he other si le ' if wa.-: 'Right i might.' Patrjoti-m j was aroused iy the public discussion' of these (c 1 . 1 1 i:i o;:j co'-irdy j "re is riot a place suitable for j PI 11 J YanJs From the Trenches, Poring Over a Guide Map of Paris , ' , , : '-vX J ok vr. vr. --1 V .. If I -. v s ;rv , i large audiences. Inasmuch as our soldiers have fought for great Ideaa why not erect, In their honor, an as sembly hall where the discussion of vital questions can have a popular hearing? Such a place will meet a vital need. It will attract state and other conventions to our city and It will cultivate a hUher standard of citizenship and patriotism. "Such a hall shottld not he under private management or used for pri vate gain. It should belong to the public, dedicated to history and bo an inspiration to service. "For fuch a memonal I would suggest tho name: "Victory Coli seum.' I offer the idea for the con sideration of tho Social Service council." KoMdutions Art Offered. "Whereas. Many of the men and women of St- Joseph county have of fered their services and given their lives to the end that justice .hall prevail, rightooupness he maintained and the world be made safe for de mocracy: and "Whereas. The people of St. Jo seph county are under lasting obli gations which they will be unable t satisfy hut they desire to mani fest their profound gratitude in a manner that will livo for time im memorial by creating a sentiment among the people of this county that -hall cultivate the principles of righteousness and justice: and "Whereas In the county there i no adeiuae and common meeting place for th" exchange of opinions and the crystallization of wholesome public sentiment: and "Whereas. The Social Servio council of South F.ond whose work ers are brought in constant contact with the people forcibly realize the imperative necessity for a people's forum to formulate a constructive sentiment: therefore, be it "lie solved. That a suitable build ing be erected by the people of St. Joseph county whre opinions may he exchanged, knowledge be dis seminated, wholesome public opinion crystallized and the common wel fare promoted: and be it alo "Resolved. That we advocate such an edifice to be known as th 'Vic tory Coliseum and to contain tab lets upon which shall be inscribed th.e names of the men and women, from this county, who have sacri ficed ther lives or given their serv ices for the triumph of rUht; and be it farther "Ile?oi rd. That we send copies of this resolution to all civic bodies and orhtr organizations in St. Joseph county and urge their cooperation in securing the early erection of this fitting tribute to tho whose heroic lives ar.d services have ben wrought into the welfare of our great nation. "A. M . KKKDS. Chairman. "'!.. M. HAM MKKSOHMIl'T. "Mlis. u. i.i-: VAX." v v : i ' - " ... . ' -y- - )y f. w y-v: T-- - - 6 a guide map which aids them in Investigation by Senate Man ufacturers' Committee to be Used As Basis. International News Service: WASHINGTON, Nov. .10. Legis lation to prevent the recurrence of coal shortage in the United States at any time in tho future, and bv increasing the supply to reduce th5 price, will be introduced and vig orously pushed in the senate as the result of the coal investigation now being conducted by the senate man ufactures committee. The investigation, begun at tho suggestion of Mayor Hylan of New York, when he was prevented from buying coal in the open market to be supplied to the people at cost, has widened the scope until it ha? now taken in practically every" as pect of the coal situation. Threi suggestions for dealing with tho Problem through, legislation are be fore the committee today. Kacn would seek to prevent abuses through regulation of interstate commerce. What Simcotion-. Pro ilc. They provide; 1 That railroad companies be barred from transporting coal upon which the producer has been com pelled to pay more than 30 cents a ton royalty, in interstate com merce. 2 That railroad companies be prohibited from transporting coal for any lessee who Ins held coal land undeveloped fo more than five years. H That railways be forbidden to ;arry coil of companies that prevent independent operators from min ing territory adjacent to their hold ings that can be mined to better ad vantage by independent companies. In addition there is the ugeestion put forward by one member of the committee that the government tt-ke over the coal mines and either op erate them or lense them under the secretary of the interior. While Sens. Kenyon and Tarda man may he counted upon to vote that such leg islation be recommended to the sen ate, the remainder of the commit tee is expected to vote against it. Investigation Warranted. The committee has come upon evidence that its members say war rants a more thorough investiga tion. The probe, which was ex pected to come to an end after fuel administration officers and munition authorities of New York hail been heard, now will continue indefinitely. PROPOSE LAWS TO PREVENT MORE COAL SHORTAGES IT 10 PUT WILHEL 1 44 m Do You Want Your Kaiser or Peace? Emperor Asked Soldiers and the Answer Came in a Mightv Shout, "Peace!" Internatioaal Nev. s Scrvi -e: LONDON, Nov. 3o. The formal decree of abdication signed by William II, which has just been received from Holland, re nounces forever all rights to the imperial crown and the kingship of Prussia and releases all officials from their oath of allegiance, said a News Agency dispatch from Amsterdam this afternoon. The decree of t.bdication just re- reived in Herlin is evidently a new document, drawn up by the ex-kai- ; ser at the urgent demand of the j new socialist government, it was an ! nounced shortly alter the kaiser fled to Holland that the German govern- ment would Insist upon the kaiser abdicating formally and that the de. j rree of abdication would be printed 1 in German newspapers "to set at rest the suspicions of the allies." i (JI3KMAX (iKM'KALS I'idxxi.vr, rkyolt. International News service: LONDON, Nov. T0. Three Ger man army generals are attempting to launch a counter military revolu tion in Germany to replace the ex kaiser on the throne, according to an Amsterdam dispatch to the Daily Kxpress today. The German generals in question are von Arnein, von Klsa and von Der Maritz. They are said to have the assistance of other military leaders. They have many soldiers in their following, it is reported. At Aix-la-Chap lie and Brunswick soldiers tore down the revolutionary red flags. TV .lOHV M'llVC.II STUART. I n tern at Ion nl News . erri.e; PARIS. Nov. .10. "Do you want your kaiser or do you want peace?" demanded the former emperor of Germany to hid assembled Prussian troops at Spa when he learned thatj revolution was fast springing up in his armies. "Peace," was the answering shout. These and other interesting details j of events at German great head quarters at pa dvrlng the stormy days just before the ex-kaiser ab '.'catc: wa.'H lcs:rib'd ero today ( i..v to .Muenr-ii iiu na-- jum ar.i,pms aJJ lnid lown mKst be carried I rived from tho R dgian city. . out aR(1 thf. (;,.,. ins arp warned Sjvi ill State of SU-KP. thaT tllfi romiitions of peace that The inhabitants at Spa had many folI,)w b(. hard." (stories to tell of the incidents at I The Relgians declare that the Ger ! Spa. The ex-kaiser was told by his ; maUH have continued persi.-tentlv to i generals that mutiny was wide- j carrv off (Rttk. an1 furnitmo. Th .spread among the German troops in Germans attempted to defend them , Helgium and that a force was get- ?(lhP3 hy spying that thev had tak ting ready to march upon Spa from I en cattiP jnto pogh,m along with Liege and compel the war lord's ab- ; th(.ir arml,s anrt thal (jf-rman oar I dication. Spa was then .lit in a statj j penters Avith the troops had eon i of siege. The streets were barricaded j and machine guns were mounted at (CC'NTINPLD ny PA G K FIVE) Increase in Price of Newspapers Elective Sunday, Dec. 1, 1918, the retail price ot South Bend daily nevpaper in South Bend and Mishawaka will be as follows: Single copies on streets and news stands k Delivered by carrier, payable weekly 1 5c Delivered by carrier, payable monthly 65c Delivered by carrier, cash strictly in advance, one year. . . . S7 The increase in the price of these papers is made necessary by increase in tiie cost of newsprint, freight, metal, telegraph service, wages, coal and virtually every thing entering into the production of a newspaper. The newspapers have hesitated to make even the foregoing increases but are confronted by such conditions in re spect to rising costs that the increases could no longer be avoided and will there fore become effective tomorrow. SOUTH REND NEWS-TIMES. South Bend, Nov. 30, 1918. SOUTH BEND TRIBUNE. rli ItllLtjU l ll l fill. U 1 iuiiii n U iS 5? strategic corners of the royal chat eau grounds. The former kaiser then asked his Kemjrals if the revolt was seriou.3 and they told him It was. Then numerous bodies of Prus sian troops, upon whose unswerving loytdty the war lord thought he could confidently rely were. sum moned from the battletield. They were assembled before the then kab-er and it was then that the fatal question was put At the same time the kaiser asked the soldiers if they would protect him. This part of the interrogation went unanswered. Hesitated to Giw Up. Even then William hesitated to give up the sceptre. Time and again tho German generals insisted that the troops could not be relied upon to f;ive. their master protection. It seemed that Liege, where the first battle of the war was fought, was the hotbed of the mutiny, which spread with wildfire rapidity to ac tual revolution. Finally, realizing that his power was gone from him. William con sented to abdicate. Tears ran down his cheeks as lie signed the historic document. His signature was place! upon the decree in the same chateau to which the armistice envoys jour neyed. Immediately the erstwhile kaiper left for Holland, surrounded by a strong guard of officers and a hand ful of soldiers. Warned of Hani IVaro Tcrnn. Thp nrrnistic tile n i not e n r t ft r i c coniplaInod of lhp tnlr(i u,nn which they called "inhumanly harl on the German people" but they had to accept them. They even prot?steJ that Germany had not been beiten in the war and should have consid eration on that ground. To all ef forts at cajob-ry and threats ths allied response was the same: 'The HOWEVER 1 BACK. LEADING Liberated Yankees Say Germans Are Praising Wilson ; Paper Suits Are Much Worn 1 by Teutons, Who DoJie ' Rain, Therefore. 1 bv iu:rt iki. lL-rt-rr..itlor.al News Service: WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY OF OCCUPATION. Nov. 2.b (P.y courier) Liberated American pris oners, who have just reached our linep, said today that many shops in Germany aro decorated with pic tures of Pres't Wilson. The German public generally credit tho Ameri can statesman with being responsi ble for the armistice and they now look to him for peace and food. Paper suits are being worn in Ger many and many other articles of clothing ore made from paper sub stitutes. German men sporting paper suits have to be very cautious for rain ruins the material and causes it to lose its shape and fall apart. When it is stormy weather the wear ers of paper clothing must remain indoors. There is a great shortage of to bacco In Germany and many men have substituted dried leaves for the "weed." However, sugar has been plentiful here throughout the war owing to the large amount of beet root grown. There have been wholesale quantities of jam and cab bage also, but potatose have l-een scarce. German airmen have hlgl regard for our flyers, it was said, and praise them whenever they ge a chance. All of the Germans, in and out of the army, are glad that the war is over. LLWEG IKES Ex-chancellor in Weak-kneed Confession Draws Fire From Germans. I ii tern it t if n a 1 News Service; LONDON, Nov. ü0.(Hy Rritish wireless press. "IJut above- all, we must confess that by the de:irenriei of our national haracter and by the sins of our general behavior we liavo contributed to the war-like tension which has filled the air for the past few years." writes former Chancellor van Pethmann -Hollweg of Germany. In an apology for Iiis part in Gr ninny's, war guilt. Th.e apology was printed in the ff mi -oflici 1 1 North German Gazette. Th" ex-r hancellor makes several attempts at ;-rgurnem to lustify his actions and. he is taken seriously to task- for these hy the H-rün-r Tage blatt. The apology contiriO.es; "Word which mu'ht !e -,', en .,s provocation were repeated- stter The pan-German activities at !,! e ar.d abroad have done j grea'e- harm, but al'"ve all o ;r : rival poll, y hrovpht us the most fa'ai opi o-l-tlon." w LLUIULH I flöh p j PARLEYS Portuguese Delegations First to Arrive in Paris AI lied Leaders to Confer in London. Iiiteruotin News Ser: . PARIS, Nov. l!v P..r tutruese pe.icc Jekc.nio:i i ih lirt to arrive 0:1 tlu cjoiirj i.r the conr'erer.JJ. They ;ot i:i i Jay. Oilier allied wipiom.it -'. ill he jjin arriving here next v.eek. The personnel or ;he Frer.jii delegation probaMy w ill he made known ' upon the return of Pre mier Clemenceau trom London. Tho preliminaries will be settle at a serie.s of conferences net wl WILL BEGIN IE and the real p: rl'-y pro' a"' ly f' J under wuv bv Christi:.!. "' None of the representatives of th" associated powers i taking exten sive re?rv at ions at t .sallle which is proof that the most important part of the work will be den. in the Urenrh foreign o.'üce. There will b" only forma! r Kr oatien of the various '!b!al -tep; at Versailles. although Premie Lloyd George and a feu ethers ma'-" eomin'Je to reside there :r-?r t-5 e in Parly. No N'(tinN Reprent"I. None of th" i.cutraK that plan representation here at the j. e.i.. conference at this time l ave made reservations. It is epe ted. hov. e e, that the Scandinav in ii . :!'.' t ies w' have delegates here . they are p lv interested in the freedom fl " seas problem. 7 l.er ::lo:' here to K ii rh for a eon! o . i the Juco-S! tv and puhan ? .;a i : . s . because it might st'.r up di-c'.-C'- - on these points ' efi,re the rm.fr' flic really kets urob-r w a v . ' 'nl- tl. en1 mV WOe.'.-J '.e;, ;,' 'y n , v . :r) o' vanee disi ' : -i "ir: . IniT-st to Xsin" Ok. The Preach p'J !:. know it c ri . the return of A 1.- r , ..p.! I .: r.t P.e '. a cl Jeved. r re . v :. ::': ! in the rr..?H r of :.-: k mg f be If..':.. -o'jrn d vrvi- :; -! '!'. . n er.ct of tl'.e W V It sf ij e .e wt 'ie- .. !. 1 t V m ep. Ire; s Tl.O'l a of . r.vl : . 1 1 e p e o t r. J ! : u 1 1 e . ri ! i p " ' 1 ' ' ' ' llminaries and, in of e ; - tfaMe rf.ndPior f '' ', .-. v. err.mcr. ' .e je " v . :.-. ' ia sor -. e :.( r ( - 'I.;.- '1 O . ,. . s c o n t ' r r1 e v .' ' . ' .' ur.td th.e :::.!: . f .1 - -. i )!.. lUii sp iai ini I TO ; I) IN PAP'-. v ' Y ...---! c or.. W i . . ; ' " 1 ' I " - v ' 1 . w ...... , . . ' ' . . . - m. e r ' e it , . ' V do:, e . ' J ,;-..- e ' ,. ; . . . , , v : ; . ; !. v . Hi- ' o ... - . : ' frtor:..;. .- i : . e A : - - r : . . .; . .,.. 4 f . .. . . r e ... - : re-, '.. .; ; : . i ; : . " ' . . p . e '.' ' ' Y : ' Th f rb - .- .s I - . Hoo- . r. be V . t or . . a ''i r . i t Y r ? 1 T . IIu r". ' r i irr-.r-'. ' ' : - : shlr-r-'.r : :-. .- -.- not - i - .-r l e . h, BRITISH CRITICIZE BUT FRENCH PREPARE TO GIVE WILSON 0VATI0H j j. t r t . ' ! t. ; . v -T PAIM.-b F-rb-b s-. r-- f : '.'' . . ' . , . '. 4 tb :': o' p-. Y,Y . Y - ft ' 4' . FY e '1 f 1 ; .-(. . ) - . ' - ' "J (::'"-':.'.: Y. : - t r. 'iO. m -r.t Rt-c ir !''" f " 1 : . " A -" '. t - - v - : . i : I :. . ! rs i s .'.-. th-' A: "i V. V- -.' . : Y v.".. r " ' ' ' ! ' ' : - . e-t , - ... , ce lt b a' t ). . " . -- . t. Mr n.