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South Bend news-times. (South Bend, Ind.) 1913-1938, November 30, 1918, AFTERNOON EDITION, Image 1

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VOL. XXXV, NO. 334.
rv am night rt'M. i.PAs.m
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SOUTH BEND, INDIANA, SATURDAY, NOV. 30, 1918.
a NnwPArnn rem tuk itomi:.
WITH ALL Till: LlAL .tV.
PEICE TWO CENTS
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CONFERENCE PRELIM ARIES MUST ACCOMPLISH GREAT WORK
m SOUTH
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G. 0. P.TQFIGHT
FOR DELftY TO
SEIZE CONTROL
Criticize Administration For
Not Rushing Program But
Plan Stubborn Resist
ance to Suggestions.
VAMII.(.T(), Nm. :,.
lr..t Wllxm iiildn -n-
afliTiiHn, It wiiM riiio.iiKtl at
iw 1 1 i 1 4 IimI.. At tin
saiiH time it ;t inII-;ilMl that
tfif ;riiliit would oar lor
N'v ork 011 iIm ;iiim after
iooii ami would ad tor Üut'ojM
on Im following morning. It
was al ."said tliat mic of the
presll'iit"s a-t (Hielal net-, he
fore lexlii: tlw eoiinlry would
he to nmiouiiee Mictvssors to
William i. Ie.loo a, seere
tary of the treaj-ury and a di
rector jrerseral of railro-uls.
W A S 1 1 T N I TO N". Nov. no. I'rpst
Wilson's a niioii nrmifnt of ;i pcarc
rorfTnct' dl-a(ion, lu'afln! by
himself and ron.si.'t in c hesilps of
.Spc'y of Stftto Intntr. ol. K. M.
Ho us. Horny Whito and Tnskpr
II. Itiisw. will raus the trat to
oic Its dlsaporoval when ronerrrs
reconvenes on Monday, it is helieved
tttday. There had teen a strong be
lief amonr members of th upper
house that one of their num'nT
should he included in the delegation.
Kurtherniore. a report that when
the president addresses the joint
session, proh.ihly on Monday. hi
would do to more than to describe,
what klral of rcontruetion letrts
lntion he desires. touching only
liKhtly fn the peace ronference.
served to raue republican senators.
epecinl. to brine up th'lr line! for
5harp hkirmish.
I'rejKirt fop Pattlr.
And. while the pre.-i-lent r.iay ap
pronrh nvittrrs of peace and refer
only in pasinp to his trip overseas,
he ig certain, senators helleve,i to
day, to express a strong desire that
the reconstruction problems he
broticht ab'dir by the war be taken
Tip by congress in th" near future.
In anticipation. !emo rats and re
publicans stated that they were pre-p-rinp
for the stiffest kind of a bt?
ilativ lattle befoi-e the coniincr t-es-xion
end and with it a battle for
control of congress.
RejaiMicin senators and repre
sentatives frankly admit they aro
iuiily r.Tr;atrcd In lirin--r ip in prepa
tation for whatever move the pres
ent democratic majority makes to
pas reconstruction le-islatioin in
om pi ia uce with the president's
wishes. The- sy they do not de-ire
sai-h legislation to he dispo-ed f
i.ntil they asVT-ie cn'itrd of th.e next
onress. They b.ope to be ahl to
!ocV. t-ach JeisVitio!! until the
present conirr-- pa s. 0:2t of ei
; r'e. three months heroe. so they
.an h: rolle it iti their own way
later on.
1'eonomy lVoirram r.iMUuh.
They d'clare th presen rnress
will h.UP rpiv,-!i t do to ake r;ir
f appropriation- for the f:so.i; year,
'.e- nnin .T'-.ly I'.M?. without at
' -t-.'.ptlrs' to ,b-! with reeontruc
. ;on, which in tbr ir oo'.ceaent shotild
n,ade the cM,jf o!" gradual and
.,rt haty te!-: 1 1 ii-'i.
AT-otl-.er ar-an-.e": tli a 1-
v:,nc!rs a Tor,- this line is that, nside
''om appropriations. 1 j'licy of
'"vara", i: r
i' re '-pi' Tinier, t. er savin-?, m-
-to oi Of snendiT.. v.
! e adopt d
It. tween
l.v th
pre --ent 4 or t'"r'
to ii V. n .T
a ppropria t :ot: fo- the
vear di-po-ir of the
eXt t'C.i.l
' . lt- 1. 'a ' ed rceni:e Till ard re-.;..je-
w,i r appropriations. con-.-e-s
wi'l h.a'.-o enot:'-h to do. tliey
, we t. w-.tho -.t attcn.ptiti to take
cov rr.tr.er.t ownership and other
vil problems as are sure to he in-
cd tu siKh reconstruction h-cts-
i-oi as the administration may de.
s'rr .
The dem.Ov'rat i opporents ievv
situation differently- Terno-
-;.t:, leader- are voicing th sttvns
, v? j. position to any attempt at de
' -:r reconstruction Th v say
hov a-e prepared to rig lit for fecon--!;...
b-si-lition by the pres.nt
in an
out of
uu mit too.
: ; th t the republican re reik-
withou their h"- if thy
1 : that .iemoorati'- members of
,,,,-rr.s, wh.o were d.cfe.itel for re-
'' f !HT
v ,
1 1
!lp'.:
-; w .irm
!e,
iter
what the '"!t"i"i.-tiati"!i may desire
PtÄH
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A croup of American soldiers, fresh from the front linea, poring over
finding their way about the winding streets of Paris.
Victory Coliseum is
Proposed as Tribute
to Soldiers of County
A movement for the establishment
of a "Victory Coliseum." as a tribute
to the St. Joseph county men who
have served in the great war, at
the same time iillinc: what it re
gards as a vital need in this city,
has been started by the Social
Service council.
A committee appointed at the last
monthly meeting of the council has
drafted a set of resolutions favoring
the project and advocating that tho
coliseum be supported by taxation.
The Mibjet t was broached by llev.
Dr. A. .M. Keils, vice president of tho
council at the last meeting, follow
ing the inaugural address by YV. K.
Miller, president. 1. M. Hammer
schmidt also endorsed the project.
The latter ascribed much of the po
litical unrest of phe age to the fact
that different factions of the people
do not understand tach other and
asserted that class prejudice would
be eliminated through the use of an
assembly hall where labor and oapi
tal could meet together on a com
mon ground and reach a satisfactory
understa nding.
I VII. 1..UHH h' Project.
In fauruhing the proposal Dr.
Kell said in part:
"There are under consideration
several suggestions as to the nest
method of common' 'rating th.e alor
of tear soldiers who have responded
to the rail of the colors. The .sug
gestions all indicate a worthy desiro
to offer a titting tribute for ervice
well rendered.
"It is proposed that a monument
le ereotr-d to memorialize the deeds
of those warriors who have pone
from our county. We have such a
monument now and it is not "a
tiling of beauty," even if it should
ije - a .' ioreer. in art, no ai-
tempt is made to keep it beautiful j
except wlori some benevolent or-,
ganization is moved to a spa rod i- I
effort t" improve its appearance. j
"And it ha- been urged thit a hos. (
pita! would ''O a titting meniori il 1
to our soldiers. There is much that j
can be said in favor of this idea.;
Hat the tendency of the age js to i
consolidate institutions and nt i
separate them. Duplication is al-I
ways an usdess waste. We have!
two hospitals in the city under dif-
ferent management. Why a third J
hospitil under a Mi'l different man-!
aberrant "? If our hospital facilities;
are inadequate it would be much;
easier to pres- rve their management
and to enlarge thoe facilities. !
"This war was the res :lt of t-on-j
f. ieting ideas. n nn side it wa: 1
Might i right. i 'he other si le '
if wa.-: 'Right i might.' Patrjoti-m j
was aroused iy the public discussion'
of these (c 1 . 1 1 i:i o;:j co'-irdy j
"re is riot a place suitable for j
PI
11
J
YanJs From the Trenches, Poring
Over a Guide Map of Paris
, ' , , : '-vX
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large audiences. Inasmuch as our
soldiers have fought for great Ideaa
why not erect, In their honor, an as
sembly hall where the discussion of
vital questions can have a popular
hearing? Such a place will meet a
vital need. It will attract state and
other conventions to our city and It
will cultivate a hUher standard of
citizenship and patriotism.
"Such a hall shottld not he under
private management or used for pri
vate gain. It should belong to the
public, dedicated to history and bo
an inspiration to service.
"For fuch a memonal I would
suggest tho name: "Victory Coli
seum.' I offer the idea for the con
sideration of tho Social Service
council."
KoMdutions Art Offered.
"Whereas. Many of the men and
women of St- Joseph county have of
fered their services and given their
lives to the end that justice .hall
prevail, rightooupness he maintained
and the world be made safe for de
mocracy: and
"Whereas. The people of St. Jo
seph county are under lasting obli
gations which they will be unable
t satisfy hut they desire to mani
fest their profound gratitude in a
manner that will livo for time im
memorial by creating a sentiment
among the people of this county that
-hall cultivate the principles of
righteousness and justice: and
"Whereas In the county there i
no adeiuae and common meeting
place for th" exchange of opinions
and the crystallization of wholesome
public sentiment: and
"Whereas. The Social Servio
council of South F.ond whose work
ers are brought in constant contact
with the people forcibly realize the
imperative necessity for a people's
forum to formulate a constructive
sentiment: therefore, be it
"lie solved. That a suitable build
ing be erected by the people of St.
Joseph county whre opinions may
he exchanged, knowledge be dis
seminated, wholesome public opinion
crystallized and the common wel
fare promoted: and be it alo
"Resolved. That we advocate such
an edifice to be known as th 'Vic
tory Coliseum and to contain tab
lets upon which shall be inscribed
th.e names of the men and women,
from this county, who have sacri
ficed ther lives or given their serv
ices for the triumph of rUht; and be
it farther
"Ile?oi rd. That we send copies of
this resolution to all civic bodies and
orhtr organizations in St. Joseph
county and urge their cooperation
in securing the early erection of this
fitting tribute to tho whose heroic
lives ar.d services have ben wrought
into the welfare of our great nation.
"A. M . KKKDS. Chairman.
"'!.. M. HAM MKKSOHMIl'T.
"Mlis. u. i.i-: VAX."
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a guide map which aids them in
Investigation by Senate Man
ufacturers' Committee to
be Used As Basis.
International News Service:
WASHINGTON, Nov. .10. Legis
lation to prevent the recurrence of
coal shortage in the United States
at any time in tho future, and bv
increasing the supply to reduce th5
price, will be introduced and vig
orously pushed in the senate as the
result of the coal investigation now
being conducted by the senate man
ufactures committee.
The investigation, begun at tho
suggestion of Mayor Hylan of New
York, when he was prevented from
buying coal in the open market to
be supplied to the people at cost,
has widened the scope until it ha?
now taken in practically every" as
pect of the coal situation. Threi
suggestions for dealing with tho
Problem through, legislation are be
fore the committee today. Kacn
would seek to prevent abuses
through regulation of interstate
commerce.
What Simcotion-. Pro ilc.
They provide;
1 That railroad companies be
barred from transporting coal upon
which the producer has been com
pelled to pay more than 30 cents
a ton royalty, in interstate com
merce. 2 That railroad companies be
prohibited from transporting coal
for any lessee who Ins held coal
land undeveloped fo more than five
years.
H That railways be forbidden to
;arry coil of companies that prevent
independent operators from min
ing territory adjacent to their hold
ings that can be mined to better ad
vantage by independent companies.
In addition there is the ugeestion
put forward by one member of the
committee that the government tt-ke
over the coal mines and either op
erate them or lense them under the
secretary of the interior. While Sens.
Kenyon and Tarda man may he
counted upon to vote that such leg
islation be recommended to the sen
ate, the remainder of the commit
tee is expected to vote against it.
Investigation Warranted.
The committee has come upon
evidence that its members say war
rants a more thorough investiga
tion. The probe, which was ex
pected to come to an end after fuel
administration officers and munition
authorities of New York hail been
heard, now will continue indefinitely.
PROPOSE LAWS
TO PREVENT MORE
COAL SHORTAGES
IT
10 PUT WILHEL
1
44
m
Do You Want Your Kaiser or Peace?
Emperor Asked Soldiers and the
Answer Came in a Mightv
Shout, "Peace!"
Internatioaal Nev. s Scrvi -e:
LONDON, Nov. 3o. The formal decree of abdication signed
by William II, which has just been received from Holland, re
nounces forever all rights to the imperial crown and the kingship
of Prussia and releases all officials from their oath of allegiance,
said a News Agency dispatch from Amsterdam this afternoon.
The decree of t.bdication just re-
reived in Herlin is evidently a new
document, drawn up by the ex-kai-
; ser at the urgent demand of the
j new socialist government, it was an
! nounced shortly alter the kaiser fled
to Holland that the German govern-
ment would Insist upon the kaiser
abdicating formally and that the de.
j rree of abdication would be printed
1 in German newspapers "to set at rest
the suspicions of the allies."
i (JI3KMAX (iKM'KALS
I'idxxi.vr, rkyolt.
International News service:
LONDON, Nov. T0. Three Ger
man army generals are attempting
to launch a counter military revolu
tion in Germany to replace the ex
kaiser on the throne, according to
an Amsterdam dispatch to the Daily
Kxpress today.
The German generals in question
are von Arnein, von Klsa and von
Der Maritz. They are said to have
the assistance of other military
leaders.
They have many soldiers in their
following, it is reported.
At Aix-la-Chap lie and Brunswick
soldiers tore down the revolutionary
red flags.
TV .lOHV M'llVC.II STUART.
I n tern at Ion nl News . erri.e;
PARIS. Nov. .10. "Do you want
your kaiser or do you want peace?"
demanded the former emperor of
Germany to hid assembled Prussian
troops at Spa when he learned thatj
revolution was fast springing up in
his armies.
"Peace," was the answering shout.
These and other interesting details
j of events at German great head
quarters at pa dvrlng the stormy
days just before the ex-kaiser ab
'.'catc: wa.'H lcs:rib'd ero today
( i..v to .Muenr-ii iiu na-- jum ar.i,pms aJJ lnid lown mKst be carried
I rived from tho R dgian city. . out aR(1 thf. (;,.,. ins arp warned
Sjvi ill State of SU-KP. thaT tllfi romiitions of peace that
The inhabitants at Spa had many folI,)w b(. hard."
(stories to tell of the incidents at I The Relgians declare that the Ger
! Spa. The ex-kaiser was told by his ; maUH have continued persi.-tentlv to
i generals that mutiny was wide- j carrv off (Rttk. an1 furnitmo. Th
.spread among the German troops in Germans attempted to defend them
, Helgium and that a force was get- ?(lhP3 hy spying that thev had tak
ting ready to march upon Spa from I en cattiP jnto pogh,m along with
Liege and compel the war lord's ab- ; th(.ir arml,s anrt thal (jf-rman oar
I dication. Spa was then .lit in a statj j penters Avith the troops had eon
i of siege. The streets were barricaded j
and machine guns were mounted at (CC'NTINPLD ny PA G K FIVE)
Increase in Price of Newspapers
Elective Sunday, Dec. 1, 1918, the retail price ot South Bend daily nevpaper
in South Bend and Mishawaka will be as follows:
Single copies on streets and news stands k
Delivered by carrier, payable weekly 1 5c
Delivered by carrier, payable monthly 65c
Delivered by carrier, cash strictly in advance, one year. . . . S7
The increase in the price of these papers is made necessary by increase in tiie
cost of newsprint, freight, metal, telegraph service, wages, coal and virtually every
thing entering into the production of a newspaper. The newspapers have hesitated
to make even the foregoing increases but are confronted by such conditions in re
spect to rising costs that the increases could no longer be avoided and will there
fore become effective tomorrow.
SOUTH REND NEWS-TIMES.
South Bend, Nov. 30, 1918. SOUTH BEND TRIBUNE.
rli
ItllLtjU l ll l fill. U 1 iuiiii
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strategic corners of the royal chat
eau grounds.
The former kaiser then asked his
Kemjrals if the revolt was seriou.3
and they told him It was.
Then numerous bodies of Prus
sian troops, upon whose unswerving
loytdty the war lord thought he
could confidently rely were. sum
moned from the battletield. They
were assembled before the then
kab-er and it was then that the fatal
question was put At the same time
the kaiser asked the soldiers if they
would protect him. This part of the
interrogation went unanswered.
Hesitated to Giw Up.
Even then William hesitated to
give up the sceptre. Time and again
tho German generals insisted that
the troops could not be relied upon
to f;ive. their master protection.
It seemed that Liege, where the
first battle of the war was fought,
was the hotbed of the mutiny, which
spread with wildfire rapidity to ac
tual revolution.
Finally, realizing that his power
was gone from him. William con
sented to abdicate. Tears ran down
his cheeks as lie signed the historic
document. His signature was place!
upon the decree in the same chateau
to which the armistice envoys jour
neyed. Immediately the erstwhile kaiper
left for Holland, surrounded by a
strong guard of officers and a hand
ful of soldiers.
Warned of Hani IVaro Tcrnn.
Thp nrrnistic tile n i not e n r t ft r i c
coniplaInod of lhp tnlr(i u,nn
which they called "inhumanly harl
on the German people" but they had
to accept them. They even prot?steJ
that Germany had not been beiten
in the war and should have consid
eration on that ground. To all ef
forts at cajob-ry and threats ths
allied response was the same: 'The
HOWEVER
1 BACK.
LEADING
Liberated Yankees
Say Germans Are
Praising Wilson
; Paper Suits Are Much Worn
1 by Teutons, Who DoJie
' Rain, Therefore.
1 bv iu:rt iki.
lL-rt-rr..itlor.al News Service:
WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY
OF OCCUPATION. Nov. 2.b (P.y
courier) Liberated American pris
oners, who have just reached our
linep, said today that many shops
in Germany aro decorated with pic
tures of Pres't Wilson. The German
public generally credit tho Ameri
can statesman with being responsi
ble for the armistice and they now
look to him for peace and food.
Paper suits are being worn in Ger
many and many other articles of
clothing ore made from paper sub
stitutes. German men sporting paper
suits have to be very cautious for
rain ruins the material and causes
it to lose its shape and fall apart.
When it is stormy weather the wear
ers of paper clothing must remain
indoors.
There is a great shortage of to
bacco In Germany and many men
have substituted dried leaves for
the "weed." However, sugar has
been plentiful here throughout the
war owing to the large amount of
beet root grown. There have been
wholesale quantities of jam and cab
bage also, but potatose have l-een
scarce.
German airmen have hlgl regard
for our flyers, it was said, and praise
them whenever they ge a chance.
All of the Germans, in and out of
the army, are glad that the war is
over.
LLWEG IKES
Ex-chancellor in Weak-kneed
Confession Draws Fire
From Germans.
I ii tern it t if n a 1 News Service;
LONDON, Nov. ü0.(Hy Rritish
wireless press. "IJut above- all, we
must confess that by the de:irenriei
of our national haracter and by the
sins of our general behavior we liavo
contributed to the war-like tension
which has filled the air for the past
few years." writes former Chancellor
van Pethmann -Hollweg of Germany.
In an apology for Iiis part in Gr
ninny's, war guilt.
Th.e apology was printed in the
ff mi -oflici 1 1 North German Gazette.
Th" ex-r hancellor makes several
attempts at ;-rgurnem to lustify his
actions and. he is taken seriously to
task- for these hy the H-rün-r Tage
blatt. The apology contiriO.es;
"Word which mu'ht !e -,', en .,s
provocation were repeated- stter
The pan-German activities at !,! e
ar.d abroad have done j grea'e-
harm, but al'"ve all o ;r : rival poll, y
hrovpht us the most fa'ai opi o-l-tlon."
w
LLUIULH I flöh
p
j
PARLEYS
Portuguese Delegations First
to Arrive in Paris AI
lied Leaders to Confer
in London.
Iiiteruotin News Ser: .
PARIS, Nov. l!v P..r
tutruese pe.icc Jekc.nio:i i ih
lirt to arrive 0:1 tlu cjoiirj i.r
the conr'erer.JJ. They ;ot i:i i
Jay. Oilier allied wipiom.it -'. ill he
jjin arriving here next v.eek.
The personnel or ;he Frer.jii
delegation probaMy w ill he made
known ' upon the return of Pre
mier Clemenceau trom London.
Tho preliminaries will be settle
at a serie.s of conferences net wl
WILL BEGIN
IE
and the real p: rl'-y pro' a"' ly f' J
under wuv bv Christi:.!. "'
None of the representatives of th"
associated powers i taking exten
sive re?rv at ions at t .sallle which
is proof that the most important
part of the work will be den. in
the Urenrh foreign o.'üce.
There will b" only forma! r Kr
oatien of the various '!b!al -tep;
at Versailles. although Premie
Lloyd George and a feu ethers ma'-"
eomin'Je to reside there :r-?r t-5 e
in Parly.
No N'(tinN Reprent"I.
None of th" i.cutraK that plan
representation here at the j. e.i..
conference at this time l ave made
reservations. It is epe ted. hov. e e,
that the Scandinav in ii . :!'.' t ies w'
have delegates here . they are p
lv interested in the freedom fl "
seas problem. 7
l.er
::lo:'
here to K ii rh for a eon! o . i
the Juco-S! tv and puhan ? .;a i : . s .
because it might st'.r up di-c'.-C'- -
on these points ' efi,re the rm.fr'
flic really kets urob-r w a v . ' 'nl- tl.
en1 mV WOe.'.-J '.e;, ;,' 'y n , v . :r) o'
vanee disi ' : -i "ir: .
IniT-st to Xsin" Ok.
The Preach p'J !:. know it c ri .
the return of A 1.- r , ..p.! I .: r.t P.e '.
a cl Jeved. r re . v :. ::': !
in the rr..?H r of :.-: k mg f be If..':..
-o'jrn d vrvi- :; -! '!'. . n
er.ct of tl'.e W V
It sf ij e .e wt 'ie- .. !. 1
t V m ep. Ire; s Tl.O'l a of . r.vl : .
1 1 e p e o t r. J ! : u 1 1 e . ri ! i p " ' 1 ' ' ' '
llminaries and, in of e ; -
tfaMe rf.ndPior f '' ', .-. v.
err.mcr. ' .e je " v . :.-. ' ia
sor -. e :.( r ( - 'I.;.- '1 O . ,. . s
c o n t ' r r1 e v .' ' . ' .'
ur.td th.e :::.!: . f .1 - -.
i )!.. lUii sp iai ini I
TO ; I) IN
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