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HIE" SOUTH BEND NEWS-TIMEs Permanent Army for U.S. to Be Considered After Parley POLLY AND HER PALS Delicia's Concerned About the Goose's Health. (Copj-rlffbt. IntteroatlOBAl i"ew ferric. 8 T;i' i'.CvtJ'ill f f th ar::: ir.r;t r i n I z 1 1 i " n h.v n t r ' rr-, f . i- or!'ir.ition iftr t r r - r, f i ri f . iH :inn;j;il r-;;rt rr. night, siy this fi-:r- til" in r-'y II i i. r, U I'M 1 11:'? t(l. lipon Mno 't?.- n.i.:t;ifV r. e :s o the Unit-'! i'r.it''.s cu.ii n't v jjnihnt- ly n5i''d urit!l th it ''infrr'r,cf Fhall hivr iT-tTr:ir.-'l th;- fitur' In- tf rratior. ! r l ir.v- of th" world." IYr t'-rnp' rary j':r;-o- h''V. r r. Mr. TSak'T i:i;ii"i;r:'''S that h- will lay f r -orr,'rss a x in of re organization fur the r-ru!ir army. "whih h J 1 "r:tin'i- as th-- nar-;.-:s f any future military -:aU:?h-mnt." Th" fcretary al- inVntion to ;rss ) Indif ate hN j for i" rr'"tuati'"'n t 1y law of th" strontr iriiril organization hullt up d'.rin s:.t if i the war. "I havo refrained In th:.- r'-prt." Mr. Ilaker .siy, "from miking e rtflc recommendations fur futwr" legislation for two reason1-'. In th" Jirpt jdac", th" Pliening of th" armix t!c ha not formally lov. d th" war. Ve have at ;rev.-nt a ;:re at military et.-i Mishmmt which cm not he im mediately di.-'dve-l. .and th" activ ities of th" department for yorn" time .it l"ast must 1. cii-t n"d with what w' have. In the second place, th" p'.'tco ciinf'TfiiO' I-; ab"iit to ßsicmMo and th" military needs of the United States c m not h" pru dently nssesM until that conference fhnll hve determined th" future i ri -ternational relations of th" world. The department will present to the congress a plan for the maintenance T a regular army whi -h shall con tinue as the nucleus any futur" military estahllshment, pending the time wh"n the ejerience through whieh we hav gone can h" di'est--d and the future m-.-d of th" na tion maturely considered- OflictTs 1 Miic.it ion VcH-c ssary. "In any ras it is clear that tlie .Jucfitlon of orriccr? arid a constant study of the s.ärnc. warfare will he necessary, and it ix my hone that the great Military Academy at West Feint ein I." suppP-mented hy an enlargement and broadening of the special sehooN which are at prs- nt organized hut t-hould he made to take on more the ' h.;ract"r of post graduate courses and i.; develop and Irain researcli sp"-ci.tlists in the sev eral arm?:. This suhjeot, however, Is one upon which casual comment Is not helpful and I refer to it only because it feerns th on" clear in dication from our experience as to our future policy." The tory of the American army's part In the war overseas Seo'y Faker Imvc very largely to flen. l'ersh ing. whose rej.ort covering opera tions tip to Nov. 1(, following the cessation of hostility s. is attach d to that of th" s eretary as is the re port of Fhairman Fosdi"k of tli" 'ommis-ion on Training I'amp Act iv ii . "An ade juate account of th" act ivities of th" department for th" year now ending can he written," Mr. Faker says, "only In the long reaches of historical inquiry when there will he time and opportunity to examine- in dotail not merely sta tistieal exhibits which tell in num bers of men and guns what America did. but also to appraise the contribu tion's of patriotic zeal and service whh h came from field and factory, from civilian and soldier alike and which represent in their aggregate the life of th" nation concentrated upon : single purpose. In his brief recital of the events of the war. Mr. Faker S'.Vcts the battle of the Meuse as "from the rio'vpoint of military strategy, Am erica's greatest contribution to th successful outcome of the war," vine by that attack of the American armies th" Sedan-Mexieres railway. COUGHS AND COLDS NEED ATTENTION Dr. Bell's Pine-Tar-Honey brings speedy, easy relief. Pneiimor.ii ami tuherculosii follow riech, ted colds and c Pon't r.e-;Iet yours. Take lr. Fine-Tar-Honey f.utlif all v ace oftel ugh.s lieu -s , f )rtll!lg 1 safe to directior: af.il he vll tili Mut1. Frings c4uick r lief from tr.g coughs, proti.tivl edds. lincer rippe. Prom h,;t:-. S ' -ti tl. breathir. - hecme snifllirg stops. easier, the ar.l x! e!h d. Yoi f,el like phlegm is lu o;;g( tton a 'd jo:rself again. KrTe-ctne as it i, Pr, Tar-!hi::cv is n;o-t Fells Fin. ceo1 :omi t.i .' '( . vc a 'l .l Tiv it. a. it Rubber Boots GUARANTEE SHOE CO. Eyes Examined by ftntb IWnd Lrfrtviing Optometrist Mnufuf turlnf 0(tlin. t S.OTT1I M'.CliKiV.V ST. WATHir.VGT' i oy.i'.n 7S 7,'-- - the i: : m'i.M main artery of the German f.ip syncm, was cut. Th entire iva i!a e strength or tne American irmy in Franrp, 2 S divisions. were in lin0 in th" second werk of Octo l"r, he siys, making yard y yard protrrf'M apilnt desperate enemy resistance which finally was worn i'it "and on Novrmfifr 1, the Amri- ca j.. trooj. Lroko through." The ob of th" drivo th f--,rntPic con- f ;. tion r. f which included the IJrlt- i-h drive at the northern end of tho .railway i-ystem and the French ad-jan- in th enter, was accom plish 'd r,n Nov. 7, whn th" American r.tere l the outskirts of Sedan to he : joined there th" next day hy th? I I'renr h. Scaled Doom cf Ilun. "The meeting of French and Am erican troops on this historic spot," Mr- Faker savs. "signalized the de feat of the T'erman arms, a defeat as (P-eiMve and humiliating as that forced upon France 47 years he fore at the same spot. If there had been questions before as to the ac-c-ptanee of the armistice terms, the allied advance culminating in this meeting at Sedan left no choice in th matter." In sketching; the building up of the war army, Mr. Faker selects a few striking figures as Illustrations of what each fstep meant and what has been accomplished. On the day the armistice was signed, he de clares more than 2 3 per cent of the entire male population of the coun try between the ages of IS and .11 was in th military service, the army having reached a total of .1.r,4.00 men, more than 2 . 0 . 0 0 0 of whom were in Europe, as compared with a strength of 1ST, 0 47 in March, 1017, a week before war was declared. Illustrates S'mmmI. To illustrate the speed of this ex pansion, the report cites the fact that the Fritish army in France had reached its high mark in the sum mer of II 17, three years after the beginning of tho war, and that lig ure was "slightly more , than 2,000.- !000 men." It took 19 months for the United States to reach the samp strength there, but Mr. Faker points out that during those years of battle, Fritish manpower had been heavily called upon to replace casualties, while for many months the flow of American troop all went to aug ment the force being assembled. To some extent this was offset, he adds, hy the far greater transportation dhliculties of the American project. Feca pitulat ing the total American casualties, 2-'.C,10S men as already announced, Mr. Faker said the deaths due to battle alone were 36. 0 0 . and that half of the wounded reported "probably suffered .slight injury." He adds that Federal bat tle fatalities in the Civil war totalled 110. 000; Japan lost '.D.OOO men in the Fusso-.Ta panes.- war and (ler many lost 28,000 in the Franco Frussian war. Speaking of tho selective service, Mr. Faker makes this observation, without cMscussinp the question of universal military training, soon to arise: "At that time (when his preceding annual report was issued) there was ample evidence that the selective draft was a swift, e ffective and just J means of securing the military strength necessary for the conduct of a great war. The experience of the past vear has stronKly re- ! enforced that conviction." Discussing the extensive engineer ing undertakings in France, the need for which has ended with the sUnin.g" of the armistice, Mr. Faker gives this hint nt the policy the government is pursuing. "Steps have U en taken to reduce orders and cancel contracts for Mich items as will not he needed in I'ranco. In this connection, how ever, care is being taken to assure ourselves that we are not depriving France of material which she so ur gently needs to replace that worn out during her terrific s-lf-denials of the past four years. We can not refuse to render all the assistance possible in the reconstruction of that heroic nation." Under the heading of "Fighting I'quipment for the army." Mr. Faker ghes a summary of what was ac complished in providing ordnance for the army. "When the armistice was sicned r.rt.SSl complete units had been contracted for. n Nov. 1 DV r.4 had been delivered, divided as olii'ws: Trench .".coo; light (held gunv) ".$."": no. Hum, 1,070; heavy. '.'r: railway, l'.h The contracts were divided as follows: Trench 11.700; liht. pi.lF; me. hum. SSS.". ; heavy, ;;,4 72: railway, 211. j As to riiles, Mr. Faker shows that 2.1 "7.0 2". of the modified Fnfields (had been accepted prior to Nov. 1. Frowning machine gun production i is given as follows; Light. 47.019; heavy. TO, '.4P. The following cable- ' gr mi is quoted to show the perform ance of the Frowning guns in nction: "F.xperienee of Seventy-ninth Di- i-ion in offensive operations Sept. rt. 21. Hrowntn' machine Thirteen machine-gun com er, ga get!, ioav rain was not weather and mud cor.d iti n j one instance wher r.s failed to operate due to and wet belt-. On e whole it may be s.ald that the : formar.ee of the Prowning ma chine g.:n and automatic rifle in act ive operation has been so satisfac tory as to crete an insistent demand for thtso weapons from machine- ' ein units and from disivion com- r.'.amh rs." ! Iiu-ns Aircnift IVoblems. t Mr. P..ker gives much space to a irer.i ft pro dem. including th pro tir.v duct ion !"-gures puMivp.ed Trf,m to ime Jr. the vast. He shows that " 1 ' lv-hi:!and and P1 Hanllcy p.ire raaehir.es were produced in th:- country and l.'.'o pl.ir.e had n shipped to France before the ;iri!i:; : e was signed. hi the other a j lan' of service types ' ole. 'J . K " h id. been proi aided for the American s-iuadrors 1 v the branch govern- ment. On Sept. CO. General Persh panics t ii ' 1 ing had 32 air squadrons at the front, the first of them to he equip- j i ped with American planes havln? reached the battle areas in July. Air service casualties, the report says, have been higher, than in the 'artillery and infantry and reports to Oct. 2 4 showed 12S battle fatalities anil 224 by accident overseas. A to tal of 262 men had lost their lives in this service -while in training in the United States. The general health of the army has been surprisingly good the re port shows, the death rate for all forces at home and abroad, up to August 30 having been at the rate of 5.3 per 1.000 per year, or little more than the civilian rate for men of the same age. groi'ps. It com pares with a rate of 65 per 1,000 pr year during the Civil war and 26 during the Spanish war. Pneumonia caused 56 per cent of the deaths. There were 316,000 cases of influ enza among the troops in the United States during the late summer and fall, and of the 20.500 deaths be tween Sept. 14 and Nov. 8, 10.SOO are ascribed to the epidemic. Tribute to Men at Homo. Discussing the embarkation ser vice, Mr. Faker says that in 19 months a total of 2.075.S34 men and .",153,000 tons of cargo were shipped overseas, the great bulk of these movements having; been handled after Jan. 1 of this year. When hostilities ceased, the service was engaging 3,000,000 deadweight tons of American shipping and 800,000 more tons had been allocated its use. with a half million tons addi tional per month being delivered. In closing his report, Mr. Faker spealrs this word for the men who ought the war at home: "I desire again to express regret ;for its (the report's) insufficiencies. I am conscious of how far it falls short in the matter of just recogni tion of the accomplishments of my' associates, of exhibiting in adequate measure the heroic achievements of soldiers abroad, or of our soldiers and civilians at home, who have worked together to make this dem onstration of Ajrnerica's purpose and efficiency successful. 'Perhaps a special word ought to he said in recognition of those who from civil life have come at the country's call to places of exacting toil and have "been denied the op portunity to participate abroad in !the heroic adventure, hut have, nev ertheless, worked on, sometimes in uniform and sometimes without even that badge of distinction. Theirs has been in an unusual de cree the call to self-sacrifice, but they have been none the less sol diers and have contributed in no small way to whatever success has attended our arms." ALLIES TO HAVE Extensive Plans Made Abroad for Athletic Contests in Sunny France. AMKltl CA N ARMY II K A DQUAR THIUS IN FRANCE. Dec. 3 (Tues- day). Plans are under way in the jarmy for the most extensive series, jof athletic contests; ever held. The series is to terminate in a great in ternational military Olympic meet. While vt tentative, the plans, have been approved by Gen. Pershing, American commander in chief, and the finals of the contests will be held in Paris, if possible. The plans provide for competitive games, such as track and field sports, shooting matches and the like. The competition will begin by platoons and progress through com panies to regiments, brigades, divi sions and army corps, and to the al lied armies. When completed the program will embrace events for every branch of the service, such as competition be tween machine gun organizations, the artillery, trench mortar and other branch. and between platoons and companies of infantry. I The army will be assisted hy the athletic trainers of the Young Men's Christian association, the K. of i". and other organizations in rounding out the men for the track jand field events. Purely American ieents will be confined to the Amer ican soldiers, but British, French, jlh lgian and Italian soldiers will be asked to met the Americans in the finals of other events. ".Mil. Ul SY MAX." The Weil l phone increases tele phone efficiency. It eliminates repe tition and saves time. For demon stration phone Pell 3413. Advt. 10028-7 "'FIRST IN THE NEWS-TIMES 1-12Mmy t R 0 iff' fft&j 325,000 WORKERS TO ENTER POL TICS Chicago Federation Plans to Wrest Control From Big Business Interests. ST. PALTU Dec. 5. Th National Non-Partisan league at its secret annual convention today indorsed the labcr party promulgated by the Chicago Federation of Iahor and formally pledged its co-operation, according to an official report of the meeting given out at league head quarters tonight. The resolution wa. read in part: "Whereas the C2",000 organized working men and women of Chicago have voted unanimously to enter politics and wage an aggressive campaign to wrest the control of the city and state from the hands of big business and to procure the adoption of a. program of funda mental economic reforms and, "Whereas, the Chicago Federation of Iabor has adopted a platform called 'Labor's Fourteen Points,' which in many particulars squares with the program cf the organized farmers belonging to the National Non-Partisan league "lie it resolved, by the national committee of the non-partisan league in convention assembled, that we send our hearty greeting to the organized wage earners of Chi cago anil of Illinois, and pledge to them uur sympathy and co-operation In their efforts to consolidate and increase the gains for true democ racy and for justice to the workers and producers." The convention also adopted the press report and a resolution thanking newspapers and editors for "favorable editorial comment," or direct defense against the vile abuse and attacks of the prostitute press of special privileges." NEARLY 350,000 DEATHS FROM INFLUENZA IN U.S. WASHINGTON, Dec. 5. Between 300.000 and 350,000 deaths from inlluenza and pneumonia have oc curred among the civilian popula tion of tho United States since Sept. 13, according to estimates today of the public health service. These calculations "were based on reports from cities and states keeping ac curate records and public health of ficials believe they are conservative. The epidemic still persists, but deaths are much less numerous, ac cording to reports reaching here. A recrudescence of the disease now is occurring in many communities throughout the country, hut this is believed to be sporadic and not to indicate a general renewal of severe epidemic conditions. Insurance companies have been hard hit by the epidemic, govern ment reports indicate, although there are no figures available here to show total losses sustained by the companies. The government in curred liabilities of more than $170, 000,000 in connection with life in surance carried by soldiers in army camps, not including those in Ku rope. About 20,00 0 deaths occurred in the camps in the United States, war department records show. WILSON WILL GET DEGREE AT GHENT LONDON. Dec. 5. The University of Ghent has decided to confer the doctor degree on Pres't Wilson, Premier Clemenceau, Premier Uoyd George. Marshal Foch, Marshal Joffre. Admiral Sir David Heatty Gen. Leman, the defender of Liege, and Cardinal Mercier. The Prjsst!s communal council will confer the title of burgher of Krüssels on Herbert C. Hoovei. Prand Whitlock, the Marquies de Villalobar, Spanish minister to Bel gium, and Joost Van Vollenoo en, director of the Netherlands bank and head of the Dutch commission to the United States. DECLINE INFORMATION ON TELEGRAPH COMBINE WASHINGTON, Dec 5. Officials i at the postoftlce department de clined to confirm or deny reports that have been current for several days that the land telegraph lines would be consolidated under the di rection of the managing officer of the Western Union. Persons who have been close in touch withthe situation indicated, however, that an announcement of the consolida tion might be expected at any time. Volley Ball I Three games of volley bill were played Wednesday night at the Y. M. C. A. by the Bird and Jones teams. The scores by games were: Bird il 21 21 Jones 14 12 8 Capt. Jones and two other regu lar members of hi'.s team were ouf of the game on account of the "ilu." RED CROSS DEVOTED TO PEACE RELIEF WORK WASHINGTON, Dec. o. Future plans of the American lied Cross under which the great organization built up during the war will be de voted to peace time relief work not only in the Fnitfd States but throughout the world were outlined in a statement issued tonight by Henry I. Davison, chairman of the war council. Mr. Davison, who was speaking to the :.sr4 chapters and 22,000,000 members of the mercy organization, said it is confidently believed there need be no further campaigns for funds. Instead, the annual Christ mas roll call for members will con stitute the foundation of the Bed Cross. Attacks National Security League Before Congress WASHINGTON, Dec. 5. Sensa tional charges against the National Security league were made by Bep. Frear, republican, of Wisconsin, in the house this afternoon, following the introduction by him of a reso lution calling for a congressional in vestigation of the league. "That the National Security league, a New York corporation, as organized, is used as a convenient cloak for lawless, libelous attacks cn public men and that tho name of "National Security' was selected in hn effort to invite public confidence in the propaganda and activities of its organizers." was alleged by Frear. Joseph T. Cashman, field secre tary of the National Security league, spent several days in South Bend last week in an attempt to perfect an organization of a local branch in this city. It was unsuccessful. Mr. Cashman left South Bend Sunday to visit cities in Ohio and expected to return to New York the last of this week. The first few days of Mr. Cash- man's South Iend visit were spent in making personal solicitations among a select few who, we are In formed, promised to attend the or ganization meeting which was held at the (-hamber of Commerce Mon day of last werk. Of the ?0 or more solicited, according to Mr. Cashman, not a single one of the 12 present had made the promise to attend. The National Security league widely circulated reports during the recent congressional campaign in which it purported to show that Congressman Barnhart had not sup ported patriotic measures during the past two years. DEMAND ON HOLLAND HELD IN ABEYANCE WASHINGTON, Dec. 5. Any ac tion looking to a demand upon Hol land for the extradition of William Hohenzollern will be held in abey ance until Pres't Wilson reaches Europe, according to information to day at the state department. The British and French governments al ready have been examining into the legal questions which might be in volved in any efforts to bring tho former kaiser to trial. Pres't Wilson so far as officials now in Washington are aware, never has expressed himself on the sub ject. WOMEN'S SERVICE LEAGUE WILL NOT BE DISBANDED N'EW YORK. Iec. 5- The several hundred thousand meuibers of the National league for Women's Serv ice throughout the country will not he disbanded now that the war is over, but will be organized even j more thoroughly for the period of demobilization, accordmg to an an- r.ouncenient today. Deformities, rheumatism and fool ailments corrected. 13C S. Michigaa st. Advt. 9SS9-tf FIRST IN THE NEWS-TIMES 191. h Nw. ' r- Special for Friday and 1 This is one of our feature value-giving lines in Boys' two-trouser Suits We've made it so by commanding exceptionally durable tailoring and providing worthy fabrics long before this year's increases in cost of mater ials. This showing includes a goodly variety of smart Norfolk, sport and military styles with the new slash pockets, all in likable patterns. If we bought these suits in today's market at the prevailing prices, we would be compelled to mark them Twenty Dollars, buying them before the advance enables us to offer them while they last at BOWLING SCORES wr.sT sini: leagii:. eiroKA STA Its- Pa Man . Hierein . Rinkes . Csillag . Popp . . II and leu p 174 173 12 .Vd I.V. INK', 1st', l(d 1.7 1.V 41 K; Pl .vn 'S2'2 1) bio ""d ". no no lit; uis linn) io-.t '.iso :M)f7 n vi-: 170 K I.V. MP. 117 i:'l l2 :r..; 141 11 VJ7 40 P.t' iv. ."07 ." 1.-.0 m in 4Ji 'j.-'.l ir.:; lurj fyr: :": -.iu Totals . HAPPY Gruber . NespO'line I. iirey . Parkas . NeiiHtb . Handicap Totals . AI TO LKAGI K. HOODS Summers . ... ItamnNy IP'.mau Ili-uh Miller Handle? . .. Totals . HORNS Hopper Ioiii;Ius .Td"n Latham .Tone Handicap . ... petals RIMS ..14 . l : .174 ,.i:u; ,io .177 107 1--J PJs 101 l.VJ 177 M7 l.'.J 11 l-o p'l u : 177 407 '.'.O'i 40 -t'is 4'H .VU '.n) j-()r, Jii! 4 1.1 ! .1 . 1 4." PM. AXl .VJO .r. 1.-V4 147 '.f.t l.l 117 lL'O :) i " lir. :uv; 717 1''4 4 2', j I'.rikdhar pt . ..I.V. .17; ..1.17 .121 .11" ..2i'; 110 l'l 1U I'M L'-'O 17. ye 171 11 114 '221', 41 rdr KnnMe . MVNell Grove P. N. Dalton . Handicap . ... Totals TONGUnS Fischer Grope Wertz Frohmader . . Wolf Handicap . .. 447 I mt; i :-.4 : 07 , y looi 2S" .17 .PV .IV. .i; 112 140 V.2 17J 1?,2 I.V. 1"7 I.V. !- hi 4"7 4 V. .".''. 4 V 4 JO Totals S73 M7 74 2.1 I Ä8THMJL J INSTANTLY RELIEVED wnn "3! CR KOKEf REFUNDED ASKANTCRU60IST y " fS.T 111 Iii Uli U üi r BrJitninf.rA IL Value Inducements in 9 With Ext r a Trousers at but fff Avenue. Washington Headquarters for Good Clothes illllt U P 111 I lllllll III IlllliiisS - ! Ill I! lilll!H!i!l!l ü'fif1 M, 1111 . IMIil "HERE'S one Thing just as good It's hard to get and hard to beat It gives men comfort, power and rank You know it's money in the bank. ;0UTH BEND NATIONAL BANK 103 N. Michigan St. SfesBT - ! Seamlett Gold Wedding Rini 14kt, 18kt, 22L FRANK MAYR & SONS Jeweler. WARNER BROS. 8KKIS A I AitM M U IIINFHV IitriMitor for The Cleveland Tractor i 114 t n ?t. L RialrMj in U. 5. ftt 0Ti Saturday UllS for Boy's I as wheat im PATENTS 1 Aiul Trade Marks Obtained in all Countrl-.. Adtcx IW. (.i;o. J. ! OI.TMJII. KeClMereil ratent Att) litUil, lud. $16.50 30