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jiU.M.Y KYKAI.Mi, l.l.MWltY 2v, IUI.
THE SOUTH BEND NEWS-TIMES SOUTH BEND NEWS - TIMES Morning Evening Sunday. THE NEWS-TIMto PRINTING CO. CAI'.IUEL IL M'JUntS. rrMraL' ; JOHN HHNIiV ZUVEIl. LJito: Member United Press Associations Morning Edition. IIEMUKK AS.SOCIATKI rilC.S. Tbe AMorlatri Vre la txt unlicy rutltlcl to the us! for rpublktlcn of all newt dlijmt. ties x"11Um1 to It or not other ereilt J Jn thU patr. :tul alo tL loal pu.aiL.d Irrels. Tula dorn not rpplj to our afternoon .iir. All rtictta of repubihatlon o: aerbl dln'atrbca Lere. are re rve bj tut- HJbiUbrra to both edition. OFFICE; 210 V. Colfal AT. iwti rh tie. CI1 t the off!r or teJepboue abore number! auJ t for department aml KJltorUl. Adctlln7. Circulation or Accounting- for ant S'la." If ycur um la In tfce telephone director, bill will l, mailed after insertion- Keport lottua Hon to buainfaa. bad execution, poor delhery of paper bud telephone aerTice. etc, to Lea l of. department Ith hieb joa tra dealing. The New fim-t baa tlurt-on trunk lloea, ali of which reapond to iluuie l'lue IUI aud Dell 2loU. E UESCIt 1 IT I O N KATES .--Ucriilas anI Cvrnlnc nation J5!ßfle Copy, 3; Suodaj, Cc. UelWered bj carrier In Sonlti Uul and M.Rbawik.i, ier y?r In advance, or 15c by tüe e. Murolng; and fcvenluf l.ditWii. daily lucljilute Sunds. lj ail, 40c fer month; two mouths; ;c per uMut& there- Iter, ot $iiu per ymr In lvbixe. feu'ered at Ue tooutb liud (löffle a K.oiiU class mail. ADVF.BTISING IIATKS: Ak the advertKloc 1er..irtmcnt Foreign Advertising ltire?ntaUves : ITU NE. LOI'.ENZi'.N St WOODMAN, l-lltb At., ,w York Clt. end AdT. Ul'if . tticüfj. ILe Neni-flmt-s nrlfaori to kep Hi a-lrertSiag column a free from frsuiul?ut L.ilrepreeutatiin. Any ieioa de;muu-i toruugu putrorage of anr ad verttseuic-M lu tuU paper will confer a Uvor uu tLc luauJS'.'iueiit reportiuj' the lacta completely. JANUARY 20, 1919. ttbout to be deluged and ruined by a hi et immigrant nave. utiles remedial legislation H quickly adopted. There are those who want to keep fome immigrants cut. and those who want to keep them all out, and M;o who want to deport all resident aliens who have not applied for citlzonshlp, and many other shades rind varieties of "antb." Ah for friend of the Immi grant, they are ft- and comparatively silent. Th ono uro thinp is that out of all this' discussion and emphatic in.istncc there is Rolnff to come a more drastic regulation of immigration than we have had heretofore. That is tho only natural, logical thine. The United States cannot afford to be made a dumping ground for Europe's human wreckage, when the war is over. It caryiot afford to welcome tho social and political dis turbers to ply their menacing trade here. It does not want men and women from enemy countries who ouRht to be staying at home and working out their share of national retribution, but it is hard to know where to draw the Hn We can hardly bar everybody, even temporarily, lest we offend all other nations and invite industrial stag nation through lack of labor. It is a-üelicate business, worthy of the best thought that congres and public can give it. WHY A POLICE DEPARTMENT. If the Houth Bond police wore Jeliberately operating to protect thieves and crooks, and to help them escape, doubtful If they could serve that purpose much better than they are serving it at the present time. The depart ment has done literally nothing, under tpa prese'nt toard of safety, save to arrest occasional helpless drunka and raid the unfavored blind-tigers and bawdy houses. ,S true is thLs that it H almost a question whether the department is really worthy maintaining. Kvery little while it creeps out; a burglary has been supply. committed, somebody's pockets picked, a robbery takes If the war h id lasted just a little longer, our POTASH. Potash? Who Kald potaah? Of course the farmers need it, but the blockade does not have to be raised to enable them toget it. Utah and Wyoming capitalists aie going to get it for them. Near Green River, Wyoming, their plant Is located. An article in the Fait Iake Tribune pays: "A combina tion of brains, money, material and the spirit of enter prise cannot be beaten, and if we are not mistaken th'i United States will no longer be under tho necessity of buying potash in Germany or any other countrj'." Here is good news indeed, and in looking over the qualifications for ssuccess mentioned'in the above list, it seems as If nothing was lacking. The shortage of farm labor will make small and in tensive farming most important for some time to tome, and this must depend for its success upon an ample supply of fertilizer. Here at our door is the The Melting Pot COME! TAKE POTTXCK WITH C Heal democrats, like real poets, are born, not made, and any amount of military training and discipline will not destroy the root of democ racy In one who has It imbedded in his heart. Capt. Neal II. Welch, command ing Co. E, 80180 pioneer infantry, in actual overseas service, one morning was wading through a long and wide expanse of mud, that was also deep, on his way to the mess tent to get his morning portion of beans and molasses, when suddenly there rang out In the fog from a buck private j aldine's glance was triumphant, but In the rear ranks, "Make way there . her lips were trembling. Soft, curv "I'm going up," he returned with suavity. j During the wait ar the top he j spoke again. "I've been looking for j you, Geraldine. It .van a mad thin? j .' ou .,lid leaving home because you I didn't have all the ppending money ou wanted." "A matter of principle," his com panion was moved to reply icily. ' Other wives have allowances." "I couldn't afford it just then. U,ut " 'Stingy!" hurled beck Geraldine a?ain. ( On the next trip conversation was resumed. "There's Fomething you didn't un-1 Verstand, begau young Mr. Ring when they were oace more left to ; themselves, j "I understand that you taunted me ' and told me to earn nnoney for my-i self if I wanted more. So I did!" Ger- In- place; sometimes the police have heard of it and some times not, but no one is ever run to earth. An auto- dustrles would have been developed to a point where Germany could have been completely forgotten. The result cf the downfall of German autocracy, t ft Other Editors Than Ours li h mobile was stolen here the other night. The police were rise of the American potash aristocracy is one more notified. They noted it on the blotter and then seem ingly forget it. No effort was made to tip nearby towns to look out for the thieves. The next morning they told the owner of" the machine, when he Inquired for results, that they never notify other towns in such cases unless the man who has been robbed pays tho bill. A more brainless maladministration of a police de partment never existed. It is the business of the state, and the business of a city to provide its citizens with a sutlieiently civil society that they can leave their ma chines on the street without their being stolen, and to that end, it is the business of the state and of th? city, when a machine is stoien. to catch the thief if pessible and teach him the lesson that he deserves. It ln't aleme a question f recovering the machine, but of landing the crook as well, und to put him where he will steal no more machines. There were rumors once of a gang of automobile thieve. who were to have the protection of the South Ilend police department and if Mayor I'arson doesn't want practical continuation of that rumor, he had bet ter acquire a "big stick" and wake up his police depart ment. We anticipate that it' is quite useless to refer the matter to his sleeping board of .afety. If the city Is so hard up that it needy to collect telephone tolls of people who come to police headquarters to demand their rights, before anything can be done to protect them, the mayor should instruct his nun to tell such people so; nnl not to set there like mummies and then ufe it as an excuse. for a petty orTlcer." It sounded impertinent, and dig nity aad discipline must be main tained.' Capt. Welch who, as night city editor of The News-Times, was noted for his real democracy with the men working with him, march ed str;ilsrht as a ramrod down the long line of his men, looking each man in the eye with a look so ptern that It Immediately froze out of ex istence even the slightest hint of mirth. Military discipline must be maintained, but the long line of Capt. Welch's men did not see the twinkle in their captain's eyes after le had gotten out of sight. Put they recognize the democracy of their commander, for in sending us an account of the little incident, one of the members of the company says that if the friends of Capt. Welch when they gather at the rail way station in ' South IJend to wel come, will salute him with: "Make way there for a petty offi cer," the dauntless captain, with real democracy, will answer by say ing: "At ease around here," and believe us, there will be ease, except In be- irBr able to get hold of 'the captain's hand on account of the crowds. C. J. C. In the Elevator CODIFICATION OF CHILD LAWS. In 17 states of the Union commissions are preparing to codify their child welfare law's. It is hoped that thj laws may be unisieel and harmonized, making it possible to enforce them and paving the way for- tho passing of additional laws protecting the child. This is only a stT. but it is taken in the right di rection. There are still too many states that are doing practically nothing to conserve health and education for the child. And in the states where such welfare laws have been passed, they are frequently confusing and contradictory. They hae been passed at different times with no attention to uniformity or coordination. The Kentucky laws are an example of s-ueh con fusion. That state has one law providing that all normal children between and including the ages of seven and twelve shall attend school regularly throughout the school term unless taught at horn" There is another law forbidding the employment of children under 11 years old. The i:!-ycar-old child, therefore?, is left unguarded. He cannot work, but he r.ted not attend school. So far as the state is con cerned, apparently. h is free to run the streetj. The Texas laus are in a similar muddle. There i a mother's pension law supposed to 'nable children of needy parents to remain in school up to the age of 15. Hut the labr law issues working papers at 14. thin thwarting th bon-st working of the pension law. In Xew Y'ik state a boy may N'-eome an itinerant boot- black at any ate, though be cannot be bootblae'U unbT 14. He may pe'tlille but can pealdle no other line under l'. While the very laws desn;ne d to protect the child are se at variance it is little weuidor that the selfish am! grasping -mpbycr should e-xploit childhood to the limit. Uniform and enlightened state laws will help to clarify public understanding tf the situation and its metis. Mnlighteneel public opinion will hasten the day of uniform interstate or natinal laws. Lirr TIIH GOOD WORK GO ON. (Indiaiuiixdl Times.) It is beginning to elawn on those of us who have spent time and money in the fight to rid Indiana of intoxicating liquors that a very grave menace to the cause of prohibition lurks in the hallelujahs and aniens with which the ratification of the national prohibition amendment is being received. The national amendment does not carry with it the eradication of the liquor traffic any more than the oi l local option law guaranteed to any community tho elimination of liquor. Indiana has presumably been a lry state since Alril 2, 191H, yet complaints are made from all over the state that liquor is being sold in blind, tigers and . prohibition does not prohibit. Indianapolis has had no open saloons for more than nine month., yet it was shown in the investigation of the Haag Irug Co. that nearly 3,000 gallons of whis ky was sold in four months by this one firm alone, t-hief Ctdlin recently showed that more than "lOO charges of illegal liquor sales were lodged by the police against residents of Indianapolis alone since tho stato went elry. It is very apparent that as long as liquor can be ob tained in any manner there will be a market for It. It is also apparent that as long as there pre persons who will buy it there will be persons willing to take a chance on selling it. As the lbiuor grows harder to obtain, the seller obtains greater profit for his law breaking. With higher prolits more persons aro tempted to take a chance. The bootleggers are looking forward to the time when the opponents f their nefarious trame who have by their united efforts driven the whisky sellers outside the pale will relax their vigilance and regard their victory as won. When that time comes the rum seller will venture forth to risk detjetion by the constituted authorities with the knowledge that he has many less enemies to tope with and that the profits tempting him are much greater. The cost of prohibition is everlasting vigilance. In- liiana will be dry or wet In the future, according to whether the opponents of the liquor traffic stay on the Uoli and enforce the laws they make or whether they iuri me'ii nanneis jiiiu tii'uiiuuu me sirugK. The Indiana Dry Federation recently has undertaken a campaign to e radicate the booze-selling elrug stores. It has shown that a number of elrugglsts have not obeyed the laws of the state. In this effort it has dis-cle-sed the enormous profits that have been taken by the lawbreakers. The federation, it is understood, in tends to continue Its efforts. There Is now and there will be for many months, a great need of such a re Mricting inlluenco as thts and similar organizations exert on the booze fellers. In the interest of the prohibition, for which so many have struggled for so long, it is sincerely to be hoped that no false sense of security will bring about the disbmnlrnent of such organizations. They are needed now. as much as they ever were, not to tight for victory over whisky, but to see that the fruits of their victory do not ferment. an e"tabli.-he"l papers at 1".'. IMMIGRATION. Th immigration committee- of the house f repre sentatives is uneb. Making to work enit a new polio . Its present hearings haxe t- elo particularly with e'hair man I'urnett's y ;!1 to prohibit immigration fer a period of four years after the- signing ot the paco i"U The v. ill not be confined whole subject is to be to tint thrown treaty. The t!icu rm-üsure. howexe; Wide ope-n. And a compb . liüseult subject it is. The committee apparently does r..t know when it stands. Neither t:ies nmi;r as a who1.!-. Neither does the natitn. The country is fall of "cperts." some of whom in sist that th-re is ne iI.uikt whatever from imr.iiirri- Uon, And other c whom insist that the country Is rillX'KING IIOUSIIKVINM. (InulIHc Courier-Journal.) Scant attention, considering the importance of the exent. has been given the agreement between Charles M. Schwab's Uethlehem corporation and some To. 000 employes reached last week. Under the terms of this pact committees ef five-, representing both sides, will tonslder jointly all rpiestions affecting the relations of the employers and employes. The employes are mem bers of 1.1 international unions which comprise tht- metal trades department ef the American Iederatien of Labor. The magnitude of the interests involveel on beth sides would alone make the agreement unusually note worthy, but we may be sure that any agreement enter ed into by Mr. Schwab possesses elements of excep tional lnte'rest and value. He is not only a genuine captain of industry, practical and successful, but he is a man of Imagination as well. It is this quality of Imagination which makes him a type of the business statesmen xvho must face ami solve problems of an im portance eiual to. If not greater, than those confront ing the- political statesmen at Washington. Quite as much in the industrial as in the political field must be accomplisheel the task of making the world safe fe.r democracy. Naturally other beginnings have been made in the matter of agreements between employer and employes, but Mr. Sehxvab's consummation of an understanding with 7.". 000 metal workers is the tirst i great -a:njue eu coueewve nargaining io marK tne new era ef reconstruction. Samuel Gompers has deeply impressed himself on our time by his altogether aelmirable activities eluring the- war. and It xvill be a great service to civilization !f he mi guide the American Federation of Iabur into other agreements such as that reached with Mr. Schwab. A fairly treated ami wisely led organized labor Ja the most secure bulwark against bo'shevUv iiY iLxi.Lii rnxRci:. It was t.yt the fact that there was r young .-vmm on duty n the hotel elevator tir:t made Mr. Foster iling stare and gasp and stand in the mid dle of the bronze barred cage with the air of a man who has suddenly lost his bearings. He had seen youn.7 women In sim ilar service befitre In these cata clysmal days ot world-wide warfare. Hut the uhiformeel young woman at the elevator door in this case was his own wile; his truant wife for xvhom he was searching at that mo ment. That she had also seen and recog nized him Mr. Foster Kins was epuitc sure; for the small ear and segment of cheek turned his way were of In creasing pinkness; and when sh saiel to a fussy old lady at her elbow, "Did you want the third floor? Tins is the third floor, Madam," her xoice was not altogether steady. Hut the elevator had rtllcei with passengers and remained well occu pieei for most of the trip. It was at the top or 2 1 ft floor stop that, by remaining, young Mr. Iting founJ himself alone with the pink-chceked, pink-eared young woman. He advanced impetuously from the corner to which he had retreat ed. "Geraldine!" he exploded. "What possessed you?" She kept her back to h'iin ind in silence be-gan her eleseent. Foster caught at the hand on the lcxr. "You must speak to me! Before people come in again," he taid chok ingly. She turned her head and snappeel her elark eyes at him from under! her jaunty cap. "Conversation's I against orders." she answered terse ly, anil swung the doors open to ad mit a family party of five. Mr. Foster Hing retreated to hi. corner again. His wits were recov ering from the shock by his time and clearing into their usual keen working oixler. A faint smile wrln kleel the corners ot his deep bluvj eyes. When the elevator had yiebled the last of its huirvn load Into the hotel lobby the last but one inar. In 11 corner the young woman in senlcc wheeled severely about. "Main floor all out!" she siiid, j tersely polite. ' "I'm going up," meekly an nounced the staff in the corner. She bit her lip :nd jerked htr shoulder angrily. "You can't. I won t have it." She spoke in low, tierce tones, desperate with chagrin and apprenhension. "I'll repeirt you as a a nuisance." "And I'll make a charge against yoei ef discourtesy to a guest," ro per ted Mr. Köster King. The elevator began lo rill again: ' ing Hps they were, and the chin bo- j low was cleft by a dimple. Lips and ' chin contradicted the hard glitter whith made Gcrandine's eyes re lentless. At the end cf the following trip, it was Mrs. Foster Ring who broke into speech. "Are you scing tc keep this up all' day? I don't want to talM with you, Foster. You were unkind to me. And I am doins very well." T said there was something you didn't understand, so" "Time to go down." muttered Ger aldine, swing her slim body and Hushed face away from him. "Now we're alone again," resumeel Foster a few minutes later. "I'll tell you why I was stingy. I wai making a change in business and needed my money. I never dreame you'ei take my Jest?? about working seriously." "You would i't tell me. You wouldn't give me your confidence," reproached Geraldine. But her glance was softening. "I was going to surprise you. Oh, Geraldine, why did you do such a hasty, hateful thing?" Geraldine leaned against the bronz bars tend looked at him plti- fullv. "Why did you let me do it, Foster?" she quavered. His arms went round her waist and her saucy cap rented on his shoulder. "There, Girlie, we'll forget It. My, plans have worked out splendidly, and you may have your allowance now." He went on to enlighten her. "Oh h. I'm so o sorry," wept Geraldine. He tilted her face to the light and kissed her on the trembling lips.' "Do you think you could learn to run a car?" he asked tenderly. "For I'm going to buy one." "Of course I can." Her laugh was mirthful. "Didn't I learn to run this one?" Then they both remembereel. And looked up in time to see a fat, puff ing, irate hotel manager rushing at them from the next car which had ascended and stopped. "What does this mean?" fumed an an.ry voice between the bronz bars. "You've been up here twenty min utes " Mr. Foster Hing politely oponed the doors. Step in," he invited. "And I'll explain on our way elown. I'ts our last trip. Express to main floor. Geraldine. ' To Cure a Cold in One Day Take LAXATIVE BUOMO QUININE (Tablets.) It stops the Cough and Headache and wears off the Cold. E. W. GROVE'S signature on each box-. 30c. Advt. Tteturneel from service. Office now open. Dr. A. L. Hollowell, dentist, 306 J. M. S. Bldg. 10871-31 "I SUFFERED SEVEN YEARS" Was Eventually Cured by Lydia Pinkham's Veg etable Compound. Philadelphia. Pa."I suffered for sevea long years with a lame back, irregular- itles and pain. I had one phy sician after an other but they did me no good. I read about Lydia E. Pink ham's Vegeta ble Compound and gave it a trial and in a A felt benefited m ind am now feeling fine. ana wuüoul weakness or pain. Many of my friends have also taken Lydia Pint-bam' Wp-ptahls ComDOund . - . A a tfc - n for the hotel was a new commercial and beeQ beiped by it." Mrs. building in the city's center, and it j MamRET jfESS. 1846 B. Itaard stood opposite a busy railway ter- J st Philadelnhia. Pa. k 1 1 mlnal. it xxas at the twenty-first lloor again that Mr. Kin..? came for ward during the car's brief wait. "Geraldine. this is very absurd." he said ingratiatingly. "Won't you let me have a few words with you?") The young woman had lasped j from nervous vexation into a sullen mood. She was conscious of her own disadvantage figuratively chaln eI as she was to her post of eluty. How could 'a woman be charming; r clever or even impressive in her righteous resentment places in such a position? How could she enter int) a tluel of xvoreis and maintah: her dignity with her hand on a lever and her ear inclined to signals? Geraldine King could have wept; but she felt that tears like conver sation were not compatible with her situation. The only comforting thought she had was that her braid eel uniform was smartly becoming. "Main floor all out!" Geraldlne's voice held a warning note beneath its crispness. Young Ring in his corner amileJ. Women who suffer from displace ments, irregularities, inflammation, ulceration, backache, sldeache, headaches or "the blues" should not rest until they have given this famous root and herb remedy, Lvdia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound., a trial. If complica tions exist, write Lydia E. Pink ham Medicine Co., Lynn. Mas., for special suggestions. The result of iU long experience Is at your service. Become Thin FREE BOOK If you would like to reeluce 1 to 6) pounds by guaranteed method, en-, dorsed by physicians, get a box of oil of korein Un capsules) at the druggist's, follow directions of korela svstem. Scfe. fleaar.i end essy for you. Vahiabl information In f.cw book en titled "Keduce Weight Happily" mailed (rlaln wrapper) free by Koreln Co., EUtloa F, He Xorfc City, McCall Patterns and Publications on Fürst Floor. GEORGE WYMAN & CO. Come? ami see L Our neu- davlht basement now in course ot construction. ill .uU o.ooo sq. feet of well arranged and properly ventilated Sellins: space. It will not Iv a i;ari;ain casement m me sense usually appnej 10 ury .ioc.s : rc . Continuing all of this week our I w ?M . r - xX (gyi ISP "N IT Srmcil icirmarv Sale of Silks At the unusual prices for the qualities offered this Silk Sale is of especial im portance to all women interested in Silks for wear now and in the Spring season. Some 3,000 yards are attractively priced at savin.es from their regular prices. Ye call attention again to these particular hem. The Silks at $1.69 yard Striped and plaid. Taffetas. Satins. Mescaline-. Plain Taffetas, Mesalines, Gros de Londre and Faille. A lar;e and varied assortment for choice. 30 inch widths. Actual S2.00 to S3. 50 Silks. PRINTED RADIUM SI.95 YD. worth SXDO to S3. 50 today. Same weave as Pussv Willow. Verv effective for lin- CHIFFON POPLIN ogc YD. in full line of colors. Worth S 1 .25 todav. in,r Ills,. 40 inch. Black Silks SATIN RADIAN S2.95VD. in col ors, 40 inch, worth S4.00 vard todav. WHITE WASH SATIN S1.69 YD. suitable for lingerie or waists. Worth S2.00 today. CREPE DE CHINE $1.48 YD. the 40 inch, in all shades, worth S2.00 today. AT SI. 60 Black Satin Deluxe and Chiffon TalTeta, 36 inch, worth S2.no and 52.25 todav. AT Si. 05 Black Paillette dc Soie and Silk and Wool Poplin, 40 inch. Worth $2.50 to S3. oo todav. AT S2.Q5 Black Crepe Meteor, t inch, worth S4.00 todav. Printed Georgette Crepes - at $3.50 yard A beautiful material for dresses or waists. Exquisite designs in color or a foundataion of taupe, gray, navy or brown. The width is 4o inches. Lace Sec tion. 1st Floor. RUGS, CARPETS, DRAPERIES -3RD FLOOR II MIT" 1n; IliililiiS Wr ie Sure to Get mm I it ;l ! "a. ! il'l till: '4 K: .-M il I'll HE wax -wrapped sealed package with WRtCLEY'S upon it is a guar antee of quality. The largest chewing gum factories in the world the largest selling gum In the world: that Is what WRICLEV'S means. SEALED TIGHT KEPT RIGHT I The Flavor Lasts I POULTRY FEED Purina Scratch $4.00 Sucrene Scratch $3.85 Tip Top Scratch $3.75 Chicken Chowder $4.25 Compare these prices with the price of eS and then buv feed from us. Artificial Ice Co. 525-535 N. Emerick St. Home 6123,611 2221. ,;ii I: Examined Glasses properly fitted Dr. J. Burke, Op't 230 S. MICHIGAN ST. Both Phone Broken Iensss duplicated the same- day. Prices moderate. firente.t Bargain In Town. Economy Cloak Dept. Economy Dept. Srcond Moor, 219-211 R. Mich igan. Orer Geo. Kraft Co. 5 and 10 Cent Store. THE STORE FOR MEN W AKTTTN (7TO V AYTTNUK. 2Ue jSfranas 101 Ca ltd AittH far Wotom Eyes Examined by H. LEIYJONTREE th Bn4 Loultnc OptooMtritl mI Maufrturlaf Optici. a. tttH SOCTII UICUIÜ4X BT. Women's and Misses' Ready-to-Wear Garmenli at Lowest Prices. CHAS. B. SAX & CO. Read The NEWS -TIMES Want Ad? I r 4.