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.Mo.iAr i;vkmm;, nrnitUAllY 10, 191.
THE SOUTH BEND NEWSTIMES SOUTH BEND NEWS -TIMES Morning Evening Sunday. THE NEWS-TIMES PRINTING CO. GABKILL 1L M'MUKKII PreMnt. J. M. STlirilK.N.-oN, iMiMUhfr. JOHN HKMiy ZUVKR. IMlb-r. Member United Press Associations. Morning Edition. memiu:u assm:iati:i rnnss. Te AnvIat'I I'rr U m -luiTtdy entitled to the ne for rpihllfxtlon r,f all r,' dim-ab credited to It or n t t!.r ie ered!t-d in t hi pajr. und nlo tl- looal nn pntHh1 herein. Thla does uot ;idv t- .ur aftrnvn j-afer. All r!cM f rrrMibllmtion of j.ej;,i dlj;iu he Ltrtla are re rTed Ljr tbe. ptiMltJn m to !..tli edition. OF FI CK: Horn l'bon 1151. 21 0 W. Colfax Ar. sake, let them not fear to peak out In their own be half! ' or Call at the offire or teU-pl.r.n,. nbore nnmU-m and afc depart rr-ent wnnlnl Editorial. A.lrortta in i' 1 "i r ti 1 ii 1 1 in .r.ouBtlng. rr "want al," If jotir name i In tLe telephone, i.rtorj. Mil ui.'J t,? rwlled aftr lnertion. Import lmtten tiftn u Laicfn. tad etemtion, j.n.ir d-Uvery ,f piper. t.1 teleplion ftcrr(-. ft-., to 1ij.J of (l;.u rt m.-ii t with whUU you re paling. The Newi-Tlrae has tidrten trunk line, alj" of HLi. li rtai ;iid tu II me l'hotn HCl and lb 11 H1W. c. ,HSI:,P'N "ATi:.: .Mirnlnj; ;ml KTenlng Edition. .iigie (.opr. Sunday. Delivered l.v frrrl-r hi SoUli ln.l and Mltiswk.i. 7.oo pr veir la ndtvime. or l.V bv the Morning and Evening Edition. da:iv including Sun. lay. i u.au, t'"- er raoritn; ,o- two rnontbs; j. - mont a tl.Te- ne. I-QtT-l at tii" South Head a.ler. or l uu pr yfr In n i AriVKKTISIN KATES: Ask the adverting dep i rt rnont. U1MA.V r-T, Fifth Av.. Nen- York Cltv. a,,. A.lv. I'.l-l-. 'iSl?''- T",,N --11 ' -nIf:ivur to k.pj. Itt l v.-rtl.-;u,' 'pnmna Tre fr.m fraudulent nii-re.r.-i,ntntion. Anv per.n " fi ,h',,',, Itr nni:e ,f flnr ndvertlnwut" in tlili l-nir win runter a favor on the m.Mi .ig.-mM.t bv np Ttin the FEBRUARY to, i9iV BOOKS frOR BABIES. The sovrrniner.t. In ijjnir a list of "KOo,l books ind ramjihlcts on chih! cart'," shows that some oJFicuü Interest la he In manifested in tht- youni; of the hu- m.tn g;;?cics. Th'-re was a time wh. n Tnclc Sam s-oni- rd much more interested in the growth and develop ment of hops, chickens and other livestock than in his own nieces and nephew. The advent of Aunt KamueU into public lifp has changed all this. Women as eiti- irn demand rights for thtir UMes, and are Retting them. Tlif.se Looks nrc not for hahses to read, r.ut they are very Important for hal-ies to have about the houi Kvrry wrll-rcfrulated hahy should im-ist that his moth er own and read until .she knows lt.s xuh:.tance thorough ly at least one of them. Kvrry mother, actual or prospective, should send to the children's bureau at Washington for its leaflet en chlM care, particularly for the list of books. Then fhe Fhovld order at ha.st three of these hooks. Perne. or Issued free. None are expensive. Having received them, she should ntudy them. And practise them. No raby brought up on Kirlry's "fhort Talks with Youn Mothers." no child fel on Hunt's "Food for Youns CTliildren," no mother who follows the advice cf Mrs. Max West on "Prenatal Care" is k'uhk to be far from well. It is Uje experience of mothers whore children were brought up "according to Kerley" to have struuf rs htop them on the street anain and apain with "li,.v well your children look! What do you feed them?" Thb huppen both with mothers who have paid hljfh prices for personal consultation with the famous ayir-ciallst, and with those who have stuck to the advloo ir the simple and sensible little book recom mended ity tho fc'ovrrnment. All th book? luive been chosen with e.jual care. V is tjp to rvery baLy to demand that his mother write her postcard to the children's bureau today, asking for tills list and all the other free ballets SCRAPPING THE SUBMARINE. Ultra-thrifty folk, of the sort who insist on eating half-Hpoiled food "to Rive it." and cannot be persuad ed to throw away an Inefficient or dangerous machine for the rake of a better and safer one, may be horri fied at the Idea of ".crappinp" all the war submarines. S.me naval experts may feel the same way about It, being reluctant to firive up a weapon which ha- uch sreat possibilities of offense and defense. But there is ho question as to how the general public feels about it. The masses everywhere have been to shocked and horrified by the use made of submarines In this war that they would gladly see them abolished forever. The submarine's effectiveness, at best, depends on stealth, cowardice and assassination. It mU'ht be used legiti mately, but its murderous power is too ta.slly abused and misapplied. It Is better to have no submarines at all than to run the ri.k cf any nation ever following the German precedent. It is with deep satisfaction, therefore, that the pub lic learns of the sentiment at the peace conference in favor of scrapping this war weapon, and the ac quiescence of many inlluential navy men. It would bo a fine contribution to the progress of civilization. Le the L"-boat ?o, alonp with poison gas and liquid fire. The Melting Pot COME! TMli: POTLUCK WITH US When the war is all over, and the peace conference; has finished and pone home, and the league of nations has settled down to work, and Germany has reformed, and the bills and indemnities are all p-'ihl, and peace broods over the world like a dove, we suppose congress will ft ill be nrpuinp: about how the war otmht to have bten fought and settled, instead of doing Its own work. New York restaurant proprietors say prohibition will make it necessary to raie the price of food, because all their profit now is, made on 5. ooze. Ami seein.q that they would raise the price anyhow, that will do just as well as any other reason. KnsJgn Jay Gould, arriving home front the war zone, won metropolitan fame by sewinn a button on his coat. Glad to know that there's one son of a famous father who has all his buttons. Wh'n an aviation "ace" comes back home, the mm call him a king, and all the queens fall for him. Doesn't it beat the deuce! All ready now to go broke on the nxt war 'ioan! Other Editors Than Ours ! P J LIBRARIES AND AMERICANIZATION. The j4t the public library must play in thorough Amrrlc.aiJzation work is an important one. The library in one American city Cleveland. with a population 40 perce.it foreign-born, reaches 1'5 different nation alities in its special work. Part of this work consists of l-eepln iu tdose touch 'Vith thn flight schools, the immigration bureau, tho ii.tr.iber vf commerce and other groups and agencies working fi!h the foreigners. Tins library sends representative. to the naturaliza tion bureau to learn at first hand what are some of the problems confronting applicants for United States - ittzen;hlp. Then it helps to meet thoe problems. It invites these aliens to make- ue of the library, en our?lng them to read not books in their native lan guage, but books in the KnglUh language. It directs them to sources of information on civic matters, ends them to the night .schools, and tries in every way to " interest them in Knglish classes. In every step of the library's work for Americaniza tion of alien., it recognies the fact that genuine naturalization involves a good deal more than ability to speak, read and write our language. The applicant for naturaliz.it ion needs to be protected against anti American propaganda. Uaci il prejudices must be broken down. Love of his adopted country must be awakened, with a desire to support its institutions and laws. There is much to be taught native Americans, too. if the naturalization process is to be complete and successful. A more sympathetic anil tolerant attitude toward the foreigner is necessary. The causes of social unrest and disorder must be understood and honest efforts be made to eliminate them. The library already recognizes its duty in all this. It is up to the rest of the community to cooperate g!;.lly, intelligently and sympathetica!!;-. tiii: cash or tiii: iwckicus. (TIh; Nut ion.) In the maze of charges and counter-charges that have been hurled back and forth between the packers and the federal trade commission during the past year it has been difficult for the non-technical outsider to determine Just where the truth lay. The rapid changes in personnel of the commission and the character of fcce of its reports have tended to deprive its findings of the finality that ought to attach to the conclusions of a body charged with its responsible duties, and tho extraordinary conditions in the food industry brought about by the war have led to a suspension of Judgment by sober-minded, observers as to tho criticisms of tho relations between the packers and the food admin istration. On the other hand, the reply of the packers has been far from satisfactory. To tell how many hundreds of million of pounds of meat have been sent abroad to the army, and to point out that profits uro only between one and two cents on each dollar of sales is not to set at rest charges of monopoly and of un fair practices in the manipulation of live-stock mar kets, in the restriction of interstate and international supplies of foods, in the control of prices, In the de frauding of producers and consumers, in the crushing of effective competition, in the securing of special privileges from railways, utockyard companies, and municipalities and in profiteering, to enumerate tho definite charges of the trade commission. It is, there fore, a matter of large public interest that the pack ers have now appeared in person before the commit tees of congress to present their case, and they de serve credit for such action. The public Is little likely to be inllucnced in their favor, however, by the testi mony given by Messrs. Armour and Swift during tho past week. Notwithstanding formal denial, they have practically admitted that the hip five act in harmony In the conduct of many important features of their busi ness, they have given no explanation of their profits that will prove very satisfactory at a time when high food prices are matter of universal complaint, and they have ben obliged to tell of the employment of news paper men as lobbyists in Washington a practice cal culated to bring them small favor among a people that have grown extremely sensitive as to the relations between their government and the great business In terests of the country. State Fen. Charles A- Hagerty may have voted wrong on the rati fication of the federal prohibition amendment, and he may have done the same thing when he opposed giving the women of Indiana the right to cast their ballots for pres idential candidates, but the senator from St. Joseph and Marshall coun ties has two distinctions at the pres ent session of the Indiana general ssemblv-. Neither the senator's action in re gard to the federal prohibition amendment and the bill giving the women of the state the right to cast their balots for presidential candi dates passed both houses of the state legislature. The first distinction held by Sen. Hagerty is that he is the best look ing man holding membership in the upper house. In fact he has been called the Apollo of the state sen ate, and rightfully so, according to those who are authorities on the subject of manly beauty. The other distinction held by the member from St. Joseph and Mar shall counties is that ho is the best dresseU man among all the members of the state senate. In fact Fen. Hagerty has betn called the IJeau Urummel of the state senate by those who are authority on Kuch things. According to those who have ob served the senator at the state cap ital. He always wears the proper clothes at the proper time, from the morning frock coat to evening at tire when evening attire should be worn. There is none of this informal stuff about Sen. Hacerty at a time when it is proper to be formal. Thero Is none of this wearing of business clothes at a reception or party where dress suits are the proper thing. Not on your life. Sen. Hagerty is al ways to be found looking like he be longed right where he is found, that Is in regard to what he wears on hH handsome person. When the senator departed from South Uend for Indianapolis at the opening of the present session of the general assembly, his friends of fered to make wagers that their rep resentative to the upper house would maintain the reputation he made a( Wie session uvu yr.us a no, nun ap parently they would have won their wagers if they could have found any one to wager with them. At least the senator from St. Joseph and Marshall counties has retained two distinctions, that of being the Apol lo of the senate and of being the Beau Brummel of the same body. And what are a few misplaced votes on such things as- federal amendments and giving the women of a täte the right to vote for pres idential candidates when it comes to maintaining a reputation? C. J. C. only a mirage, many of the new comers cling to the delusion of its j actual existence for as long as six' weeks and .occasionally, two months.! "Were it not that gentle breezes ( are continually waited to tis is land from the continent of Pru dence, during the spring and sum mer seasons, a large part cf the Inhabitants would doubtless b in a stare of constant revolt against the form of government under which they are compelled to live, for it is insisted upon as a requi site to residence in the Isle of Mat rimony, that individual liberty be recognized as an impossibility. Kach inhabitant is compelled by la? to consider himself or herself as cut in two, and to be only one half of what he or she was before. Natural ly many reprret thif mutilation when it' is too late. "Autumn Is, perhaps, the most i salubrious season on this island, for then the minds of its inhabitants are generally diverted from consid eration of their own lot, and direct ed chiefly to the care of the 'ten der vines of their respective fig trees; to bringing these fruits to per fection, and to finding a proper market for them. But, alas, it is too frequently discovered that these vines have been injured in their early bloom by too tender treat ment, or ruined by pestiferous blights from the torrid regions of the Land of Luxury. McCall Patterns and Publications lt Floor. GEORGE WYMAN & CO. nio and Soo V "But to those of the inhabitants who are without vines to engage their attention, this autumn season is almost sure to be disagreeable, the males growing fretful and surly, and the females developing Into lo quacious scolds." We might almost assume that "'Theocritus Junior" whoever he was had been jilted by some fafr maid of 00 years aso, did lie not say in concluding his description of the "Isle oi Matrimony": "Yet this region may be considered a garden of pleasure and the center of all human happiness, in comparison with Bachelor's Island, which is the abode of vexation, a den of discon tent, and the vale of misery." FIRST IN THE NEWS-TIMES On April 1st or thereabout Wyman's Basement Salesroom will open 6,000 sq. ft. of finely fitted, well lightcrd and well ventilated Sellins space. New Gingham Dresses are Here In Striking New Plaids, Checks and Stripes For wearing about the house during the mornings, for summer porch wear, here are new Gingham Dresses in just the most attractive new mod els, that everv woman will adore. The New Hubrite Dresses $3.95, $5.00 and $6.75 In attractive as well as serviceable new models. Shown in plaids of varied combination, neat stripe and check pat terns. In regular sizes 36 to 44, and extra sizes 48 to 5 4. Junior Dresses $5.00 and $6.75 In attractive new stripes, checks and shadow plaids. Of fine quality gingham in neat junior models. Sizes 14 to IS years. Girls Dresses $2.50 to $5.00 For girls 2 to 6 years and 6 to 14 years New colored Chambrays and Ginghams, smart high waisted effects, straight line models arid Peter Thompsons. mm IM mi ussy RUGS, CARPETS, DRAPERIES ON 3RD FLOOR r. vft , n a i 2 . fi'itt'y. "er Worm Turn. "Maria, is this coffee, or are you feeding me a cure of some kind?" "If I could find a cure for com plaining." snapped his wife. "I'd feed it to you all right." Li m w iL. Ü L 4 4 w 4i .'4 1 N1 FA In a Dry Town. "How do you like ginger pop and similar drinks?" "Pretty soft," said the old froak. my Family IlMiission. "J wonder where I put glasses?" "I fcaw 'em som where." "I don't doubt it. That's where I put em." MAKE DEMOCRACY SAFE FOR WAITERS. Purins a recent strike of hotel cooks, waiters and kitchen workers the strikers came out .strongly against tipplnjr. They assorted that the sstem of tips degraded the worker, made him a servile slave depending for his and his dependents" existence m charity, and gave the employer the opportunity to force the public to pay lvo-thirds of tho wants of his employes, which is "un democratic and un-American." For once, the public is tempted to say "Three cheers for waiter!" At least the waiters have Mated the whole tlisagreeable business in a new lirht. The public always did know that UPI'In was most unfair to hold and restaurant patrons. I?ut the public was hypnotized by fear of the haughty waiter and though: thauthat im perial being demanded tho tip and would not Lrinu food and drink without it. Now the public is let in .n the" truth abhorred the tip ar.il has MifTercd keen humiliation with every co;n he smilingly pocketed. ." on"t the public have a little conscience nd refrain? Not for its own take, but for the waiter', who has rih?s to s lf-rcpect and living wages and so on. ju.-t likt human folks? If Pullman porters feel the fame way, for goodness all i:yi:s ox nouth Dakota. (Tho Nation.) Students of political and oc!aI development in tho United States are watching with interest the course of the North Dakota legislature, which is controlled in both houses by the Non-Partisan league. We called at tention In our issue of Dec. 2 8 to the passage by the people of a constitutional amendment empowering the legislature to exempt from taxation improvements on farm property. A dispatch to the New York Times, tin der date oü Jan. 25, states that the legislature has un der consideration a measure which not only makes such exemption, but also exempts from taxation improve ments on city property up to $2,500 in value, provided tho total value of such Improvements does not exceed J 3.500. If their value exceeds that amount, the owner mut pay tax on the entire property. In order to ren tier land speculation unprotltable, it is likewise proposed to assess idle land, along with railways and public utilities, at 100 percent of actual Value, while land un der crop will be assessed at only 00 percent. There is under consideration a plan to create an industrial com mission of three members the governor, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture and labor which will be authorized to conduct and operate any and all industrial enterprises that the state may estab lish. It will appoint, and may remove with or without cause at any time, the head of the state bank and the director of the elevator and milling enterprises which it is proposed to establish. The state bank ?cheme is central to tho whole undertaking. It la to be established with a capital of $2,000,000, to be raised by the issuance of state bonds. All public money's including $23,000.000 annually collected in taxes, as well as other funds held by the state school and university land fund, are to be held In the state bank, and it is also hoped to bring Into it some 540.CCO.OOO now held by state banks as reserves in Minneapolis, St. Paul, and Chicago. Ter minal elevators and Hour mills are to be established un der the direct Jurisdiction of the state industrial com mission, the governor bein the actual directing head of the whole ?vstem. A plan for extensive slate opera- . . . .. i f - i j . . i The waiter llIon or in grille mines is ai?o unuer consideration. ' Tnis extraordinary program oi siaie enterprise nas nnt yet reached the stage of final enactment, but as the members of the majority are pledced to carry out the legislation indorsed by the caucus, it is expected that the legislature will complete Its work and adjourn by Feb. 10. It is net on the further side of the Atlantic alone that radical, political and economic experiments nt uncommon interest ajjd signijlcanc xe under way. Scat of the Mighty. Don't get the swelled head, bo. We've all seen politicians come and go. They roost in places high, then sink to place low. ' Don't get a swelled head. bo. Don't get a swelled head. bo. This poem is a trifle crude. I know. It may not be called immense, hut contains a lot of sense. Don't get a swelled head. bo. Lillian I Different. (Columbia Record.) Lillian Russell has gone back on the stage because she's broke most of 'em are broke because th stage has gone back -on them. 4 , Changing Seasons That Trouble Folk on Matrimony Isle lly Lucille Calne. Ilumaging recently in a second hand bookstore, I came upon a vol ume entitled "The Dictionary of Ive." It bore date of 158, and its author had disguised his identity under the pen name of "Theocritus Junior." Judging; from the well pre served condition of the volume. Its original purchaser had not studied and thumbed it to any considerable extent. Nor was it worthj- of par ticular attention but nevertheless it contained a few passages credited vaguely to "a quaint old author," which may prove amusing to readers of today. They were called: "Geo graphical Dccription of the Isle of Matrimony." and were as follows: 'The Isle of Matrimony is situat ed at a point where turbulent tides of happiness seek to mingle with the Ocean of Regret. It? temperature is extremely variable, a bitterly cold morning rreuenuy succeeding a warm evening. These sudden cli matic changes no doubt partially ac count for the fact that on no other Island yet discovered by man are to be found so many lunatics. "People in general, on their first settlement upon this island, are en Chanted by the rays of a luminary known as the Honey Moon, to whose beauty they vainly attempt to call the attention of older residents. Al thouch told bv the latter that it Is U V: IT J w : n It'8 I MJ c of all value-giving, this Entire Stock of Filmet Determined to close out Mugs amd In record breaking time, we announce a last and final Farewell Sale for 9 days only beginning, 13m n V !6" An STORE CLOSED ALL DA Y Tuesday and Wednesday , preparing stock for Sale! Everything RSust Be Sold7 Fixtures Biraclyded! WATCH THE PAPERS! n n LLiL 212-214 South Michigan Street JUU FREE!! 100 presents free to first 100 ladies at sale on opening morning. '1