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r.vi Mi. MAHCTI 3, 1019.
THE SOUTH BEND NEWS-TlMEb LATEST NEWS OF THE BUSINESS WORLD Germany Must Yet Be ßeaten At Paris Peace Table France nt rnnsnm Ir twv frr th war and to destroy Russia in tht Kart, make herself mister of the destinies of half a pccre of minor race extending from the gult of Tin land to the Black fcea, by creating states which wore incapable of self- maintenance by inciting these sev- Simonds Says Conference Must Make It Impossible fon rai raw against each other the iermans f-ougnt to create a conai- ii 1 REfNDEEl COMPANY HI MAY EXTEND I SH0W6QUNDARY Teuton Nation to Overrun Europe Again by Building Strong States Around It. South Bend Men Plan to Com- - Plan for Taking in More Ter-1 mercializc This j ritory to be Settled at Industry. Meeting Tonight. So'.th H nd h:s !.- ofi.- th- hal ejuaiters for .i.'i uni'i'j- and int ! - ai; Indu.-try ,i:..un as the North Ar.ifric.m l:::!d"r ., which ha.: i prr s nt it i v.- o!!U s in Al.ii-ka and 'anaija. The company is praetLnll. i.ew and hi-!, its : ii ar.fi', 1 mm t- ing jtiiiii.i.v i . niiiLr in. th" il l t inus L-.iibl'jig. Tii" following e;h'---.s f--r the iar utc el - ti'l: lr. S. If. K-rn -f Chic;i'.'ii, pre-id r.t ft. II. Jones, tri a mi i - t ami I S. Lawrence, r r-t.iiy. l.oth ff tlii-i city. For sever. il months 1 1 1 - company 1 1 h e n ma kin:,' plan-; to tak- up : h" omni realization of the r-ii-de r mdu.-try and to extend opera tions '.r.to northern Manitoba and Alaska. where it'h. i' already proved a success. Tie Alaskan reindeer have hurt -a-t-d with threat rapidity and the demand for the meat and ly 1-1 ofhii tn far in excess of the rup ply. according to 1. Lawrence, !-e-r-t.try of tin- company. Mr. Iwiwn ik c .-aid that tli meat wii! without a doubt soon ho found n the markets of nl! of the cities of America and Canada, as it is both nutritious and delicious. There are at present, he said, more than l'ol. eui'.i of tliesc remarkable animals in Alaska, which have been raised from ti e small mirnher of I.L'OO imported by the u. S. government from i:u-ia. All mniilifrs of the Automobile ' -i!' is iiiid Trades association are .piested to l.e present toniclit at a : p' ( iai mating rolled for the pur pose of making final plans for the outdoor auto show to he held Thurs day. The meeting will be held nt the Chamber of Commerce and will bv called promptly at 8 o'clock. Accordin.tr to present plans the ex hibit will be on Michigan st. from the Grand Trunk tracks to Lasalle av. Whether or not additional space on Washington st. will he included and what plans will govt rn the card in ir of cars will Ihi two of the ques tions up for discussion tonight. Ketail merchants are cooperating with the auto dealer? to the fullest extent in making the style show Thursday a real attraction. A num ber of the windows have displays of automobile tires or accessaries, and the plans for the Thursday windows call for many novel displays showing styles especially adapted to the use (if motorists. ITIRE MEN COMING ! IN FORCE TODAY ANoniri: Mom; om:, Workmen are engaged in remodel ing the buiblimr f'-rmerlv occupied by the Post buffet on Washington -t. The place is soon to be opened up as a modern shoe shining parlor. SHE GOULD NOT STAND OR WORK But Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound Re stored Her Health and Stopped Her Pains. Portland. Ind. "I had a displace ment and suffered so badly from it that at times All is in readiness for the annual sales convention of the Super-Tread tire company, which opens today af. the Oliver hotel. District pales man aV ers from almost every state in the I "nion will he in attendance. The meeting will open with a banquet at the hotel, after which talks will ho made by a number of the company officials. Including' an address l y PrTR't C. L. Smith on "Tire Building and Selling." As a courtesy to the success of the concern and a wel come to the visitors, many of the merchants have placed Super-Tread tires in their windows. IIV I'KA.NK If. MMON l. PARIS. Feb. 2 4 Vet infrequent ly in th past month there has been in Paris an expnssiou of thought that perhaps derma ny will win . the war after all. The rea.-on for this opinion, which must seem ' cry sträng to the remoter American audience, may be found in any ex amination of progress and condi tions of the peace conference up to date, and in the present artie'e I am gointr to try to set forth some thing of the view to he founo. here as to What must be done if the war is not to be lost, for it is essential to recognize that ve are .-.tili a, war ith Germany, anö that tJer- sta'e which, independent, economically most of the Bohemian however. politically must for all time be dependent upon Germany for aCf s to the open maru ts of the world. Now the only absolute force left in the face of this aggrandized Ger muny is France. ith a population of thirty-nine millions, with her In dustrial regions ruined, with her transportation pystem over all the northern re-: tons abolished, with a colossal debt and with a sacrifice in life alone as a consequence of the war which exceeds three million lives, obviously, it is beyond the re sources of France to hold Germany ai?ain as she did for the greater part which was eastern and replace that manv has so far tome Diacticall n four years of war, if Germany , j immune out i.f the cr, at eonfMct. i shall have a new accession of mili She has been in a large measure dis- i taritic. The brutal truth is that if armed, it is true, hut with the ces- ; -rrmany nas not unaergone u sation of hostilitk-o she finds herself change of s-pirit as a result of the deprived of weapons for which shs ;v'ar. or if Germany is not put out of had no use and still supplied with ; tue race lor armaments for a con siderable period of time, France can rot hold the gals as she did before, unless Great Britain and the United and still supplied with implements of peace, for which she has immediate use. while France, for example, finds herself greatly increased in military weapons no longer of aluc. but still lacking in all the machinery of agriculture and f production. The greatest single States are prepared to guarantee to France the presence on an open frontier of considerable armies which will share with the French the cost in life and treasure of an other German attack. We have to make peace, then, with two clear facts in mind: That only a I France must be fortified against a treatv ! Germany rntii such time as it has o dunucr that one fears at Paris now is lest the peoples who have fought the war shall be decided row by the idea that the League of Nations covenant, which is really rough sketch, is not onlv of itself, but the guarantee of tht preservation of peace in the future. Obviously it is now nothing bat a collection of words, not even yet! adopted bv any official body in any i ot any change of the allied countries or by the peace conference itself. To understand the problem of peacr the real problem of peace with Germany, it is necessary to jjo back for a moment to the situation of Luropo and of the rest of the world in July. 1914, when Germany launched her great attack upon civ ilization for the purpose of achiev ing world domination. At that TRANSFER CO. ADDS GIANT NEW FEDERAL h. i w LHJ Li 1 . X I could not bo on my feet at all. I was all run down and fo weak I could not do my housework, was nervous ami could not lie down at night. I took; t reatments from a physi cian but they did not help me. My Aunt r e c o m -mended Lydia L Plnkhams Vegetable Compound. I tried it and now 1 am strong and well again and do my own work and I give Lydia L Pinkham's Vegetable Com pound the cred'.t." Mrs. Joseimuni: KiMirn. ICr. V.'cst llace 5St.. Port land, Ind. Thousands ot American womn give this famous root and herb lemedy the credit for health re stored as did Mrs. Kimble. For helpful suggestions in regird to such ailments women are asked to write to Lvdia X. Pinkham Medi line Co.. Lynn, Mass. The result or it? long experience is at your r-ervice. F.ecanv of the rapid growth of their business and the unusual activ ity in South Ib-nd this season, the transfer company of Zimmer an 1 !ambaoher have found it necessary to add another truck to their ready large fleet. Their latest addi tion a three and one-half ton Federal, purchased through Hage dorn vM- Webster, local distributors. The fciant truck is equipped with Goodyear pneumatic 4 1x10 tires and will be the most modern turned out by the big Federal factory in De OIL COMPANY OPENS OFFICES IN SOUTH BEND Martin F. Pane, district manager of the Oklahoma Peerless, Oil and Li lining company, has opened otH.ces in the Farmers Trust building. Mr. Pane di clares there is unusual inter est in the oil production at the pres ent time, due to the scarcity of fu"d oil and corresponding high price, lie is well known in South Bend, having lived here for a number of Vf.l I S. NEW ARTIST SECURED FOR BRANDON WINDOWS Now Showing! Complete line of BKm-11 (wr.riT swi:i:it.i:s . . . r All stjlc aiul finishes. Other iTiakiN t. selci t fnmi If jou uNi. Sonic a low a $2.25 upmtute Co. In th-- belief that artistic windows io much toward beautifying the city. P. II. I ansing has been secured to decorate :!ie windows of the Brandon -tore .n Michigan st. The larrv display windows in this store lend t he iv. -.ei v os readily to artistic decora tion, and coming displays will be a real treat to lovers "f the artistic. ACM 1 1 CIH . ST nfSPfiAY. Feilar chests of every style. siz- and for every purpose are included in the di-'play at the Heller Furni ture store at the present time. The Helb r store is one of the big distrib utors for Acme chests, made by tlu' Acme Manufacturing company of this city. The window display show the construction of the chests an 1 the entire first floor of the big store i devoted to a showing of chests. MF. AT MAKKI7T OPi:S. The Sanitary Meat market, locabvl at Main st. and Colfax a v., is ready for buIncs, work on the remodel ing having been completed. Nearly all Japanese soldiers are expert gymnasts, and every bar racks has a gymnasium. OLDS Head cr chest 4 "cxvemly" with JgC X 1 r 'AP0R1 YOUR EODYGUA 30f. CO'. -17 4t Reduce Weigh It you w!.h to rfdue toadU;-. yet rat candy, ice cream, etc., gt a B:r.a:i rix of od of korrln at the druggist's. Follow directions korein 5V5tem. At Folutdy safe method of becomir.? thlrt. No starving; b-come elender Kracc fi Mv, mentally and physically alert 1 vou re al'.ve! FrJctifi )juaatctl f'i iounls or no coat tu ywu! time, Furope was more or les.s even ly divided into two great alliances, the Triple alliance of Germany. Austria and Italy, and the Triple en tente of France, Russia and Great Pritain, in which liussia and France only were actual allies. CU AMiF-S WROUGHT HNO ! I'M I. Tliis was the balance of power. Theoretically, both, -groups were so nearly equal in strength that neither could venture to risk war, with at least half a chance of defeat. But now, after four and half years of war, what is the situation? Rus sia, the greatest military force in the Triple entente, has di? appeared in chaos, but such tlemeir.o of pow er and organization as exist still in that chaos are in the main friend ly to Germany and ready to co operate with Germany. The Triple entente of lull, then, has not only lost Russia, but has seen Russia In some measure change sides and become an enemy with her vast po tential resources not unlikely to be come German assets in the future. To balance the downfall of Rus sia we have the collapse of Aus tria; but Austiia was never one tenth as important a factor in the Triple alliance as Russia was in the Triple entente, and already we see the Germans of Austria seeking to unite themselves with Germany: and it is patent that some similar al'iance will be ought by the Hun gari nis as a result of changes to be made in Hungarian territory through the liberation of the Slav, .'nd Roumanians. Thus more than L'O millions of Austrian subjects will remain associated with Germany, and it was precisely this element u hieh supplied the main aid Ger many could obtain from her Ilaps burg aociatc. Germany has thus: saved almost half of Austria, while the allies have not only lost all of Rufda, but have seen Russia marching towards a nev alignment with Germany. Now, by contract, Italy has asso ciated Im 1 self with Great Britain and France, but before the war Italy v as economically a- well as politically penetrated by Germans and Italians, even during the pres ent war, and there exists for the future no real basis for jealousy now that Italy has achieved reintegra tion of the Austrian-Italian popula tion. Italy's present sympathies are uruiuesdionaoly with Great Brit ain and France; but Italy's com nu rcial interests in the future, even more than in the past, will be with the central powers as a result of geographical conditions. It is pos sible to exaggerate the Italian Gan ger, but it is hardly possible to ex aggerate it if the conference at Paris fails to j-ive Italy that dal mation prize promised her at the moment when she came into the war by both Great Rriiain and France, and exactly this is threat ened through the influence of Prt 't Wilson. GURMANY 1 1 AS .VnoLIMIi:i KlsHA. It come down, after all. to this. That Germany has abolished Rus sia, and not simply abolished her but prepared the way for future German economic. political and pernaps even military predomi nance in that vant area which was once the Romanoff empire. She has saved for her own influence out of the wreck of Austria, fractions w hich were alone of very great im portance. She will have added thou sands of square miles of territory and six or seven millions of people to her population as a result of the unsuccessful war, tdnce it is clear now to everybody that a union of Austrian Germany with Northern Germany is no longer to be prevent ed. She lias a-ssured herself a popu lation of nearly eighty millions, al most snlirelv Gtixuv. enc.lnlnr made certain that Germany has changed her ideas and hor purposes and we have no assurances that there ha.s been an; change, no sign and further we can not safely assume that since old mer. are still running new Germany, New Gcmany is anything but an en larged and camouflaged edition of old. It is perfectly impossible in pres ent circumstances, to put all our confidence in the League of Nations and retire, leaving Germany more powerful than she was before, the sole gainer in all respects as a remit j of this war, since she has devastated mortgage her linan-cial future to France, compelled Great Britain to America, rnd redured the commer cial ileets of the world. TWO WAYS TO SAVK tiii: war. But how then are we at Paris to save the war? - Obviously, in two ways. The cost of the war must be borne either by the Allies who de fended themselves or by Germany who attached them. Germany In lighting for the war drew upon her Internal resources and can repudiate her debts; England and France and Italy weie compelled to borrov of America and cannot repudiate their debts. Lither the French and Brit ish and Italian people will have to stagger, under the burden of this debt and. in the case of Fiance, un 'der the added burden incident to (the destruction by the Germans of J French industrial region; or that burden must be lifted from Al'ied shoulders to German. If the Ger mans escape, if they can resume the old game of arming, if French and British and Italian taxpayers have to shoulder it, they will be unable ever, to arm themselves adequately for self-defense. it is essential for Americans to realize that the ques tion of reparation and restitution, even ot indemnity, is not punitive is not a program of plunder of Ger many. It is merely an effort to save, primarily France, who has suffered most, but L'ngland and Italy as well, from the crushing- burden placed upon tlu-m by the necessity ed de-le-nding themselves against Ger many. Above all, it is essential that Am ericans should recognize that is not in a spirit of jdunoer. th.it it is not in a spirit of re venge, that the stacs :ncn of Paris are compiling a bill of damages again.-t Germany. It itf purely and simply a question of whether Germany shall iay for what she did, or succeed in ruining those nations who were her commercial rivals, both by systematically de stroying their industrial machinery un-l by loading tJiem with colossal tie 'jts incurred in defending them selves against Ge-ruian assault. There is a too ready tendency in American iiuarters, here at least, to read into the purpose of our Allies motives and reasons which are not there. In a very large de'-'ree the Germans will win the war !f they make the peo ple they attacked bear tiie great burden of it, and once more wo must remember that we are still at war with Germany. In tlie second place, we have got to restore the balance of power ir. Furope, destroyed when Germany eliminated Russia as a nation and as a force in the world, there wil; be nothing left in Rurope capable of opposing eighty millions of Germans occupying th center of the conti nent. UiiiteJ. capable of indefinite e hort, and having still ope n to them the temptation of world power; in fact having it open to them ever, more completely tnan it was in 1914, v. hen they took their -treat gamble. And tiiis can be-, dene, this new force- can be createel. only in one way. Jf we shall create real, strong, national states in Poland, in Bohe mia, in Roumania. and out of the southern Slavs, as well as bv com pleting the uniucation of the Greeks, we shall hao added to the ha.lu.nve. against German agtression more than fifty million of people, divided into fear nations, but capable of very urgent development, capable o! of becoming r.al national entities capable at no distant time of de fending themselvc-ss jk:ij Unring the German pathway to power. Gi:UMAN TlIl.OKY or tiii: war. Th Germany theory in this war ought never to be forgotten. Ger many undertoek at me time to as sail western Kmi i ie-de- to noH great, solid barrier tion of chaos on their southern frontiers, to Russia. Moreover, in a very large measure ' tlit Germans accomplished this. If j you start at the Gulf of Finland to-' day and go south, along the old! I frontier of Russia, vou will travel ' through regions in which half a e'ozen races are strivirg with each j other to take possession of some fragments of territory and creating permanent and bitter jealousies. In cited by the Germans, the Ukranl ans. the Lithuanians, are contesting with Poland the possession of the frontier regions between the two races, while bolsheviks are in Yilna. .Serbs and Roumanians are at adds in Banat. Poles and Bohemians in up per Siksia, Southern Slavs and Ital ians in Dalniatia. Greeks and Ital ians in sirij:?. lu a word the Ger man war has destroyed order from the Baltic to the Black Sea, and frorr. the Yolgi to the Isonzo, and while he ha done this the German has en larged his own national area and finally 'completed the unification of the German race. If we can create states like Po land, like Roumania, like Bohemia and like Jugo-ila la, if we can give them frontiers which are defensible, if we can give them r.ecessary condi tions of national life, founded upon self-determination of race with due regard to geographical and economic considerations, we shall be able to e'epriv? the German of his victory, lie will t'nd himself confronted not by the debris of half a dozen quar reling races, but by four or live healthy, growing states, available as Allies of the Western powers in de fense of their existence and in the preserving of the freedom of Eu rope. what constitutes ri:al barrilr. And in the presence of such ob f tacks, perhaps it is not too much to hope the German people them selves will hesitate to permit their rulers to plunge them into a nevv war. The core of imperialism, aft er all, is the cost of it. The cause of imperialism is invariably the presence of opportunity. If eighty millions of Germans rind their path way to the Last strewn with the wreckage of ejuarreling tribes, if the load to India has nothing across it save an incoherent Polish state and a vast Russian chaos, if the pathway to the Golde n Horn is barred only by mutilated Southern Slavdom, the League of Nations will not serve as a barrier. Tim abstract principles written the re will no more appeal to Germans in the next decade than ab stract doctrines formulated by the Hague Tribunal closed the pathway through Height m. We have then at 1'aris two very clear duties still to perform. We have to make Ger many bear the burden, the financial burden, of her last attack in order she Tr.'iy not, escaping the cost of the war, be able to concentrate her re maining resources on preparation a new attr.ck upon those nations stag- ! he se (( TVS jfr r -ll- Sped U Go Sale on Morning I omorrow at 8:30 You Can Always Save at Brandon's 36-INCH PERCALES 50 pieces, in light or dark colors; all designs; ey cy 30c quality. Special Q, 27-INCH DRESS GINGHAMS New Spring designs, in stripes, Q o f A checks and plaids; 35c quality. Special Cmdm4 m DRESS PERCALES New Dress Percales in light or dark colors; 1 19c quality. Special A WATCH US GROW- S. W. Corner Michigan Street and Jefferson Blvd. IJ ' ' - ' Come To ee I u 15 i o At Our New Location Will be ready for business in a few days. Watch daily papers for date of opening. c MSL ES AX& COMPAR I t iL 1 14 South Michigan Street Near Washington Avenue burden of their t gering under the debts and capable of paying those debts anel matching elivisiem with di vision and gun with gun along the Rhine. We have also and I think this is the greatatst of all duties to ful fill our promise to liberite the small peoples of Kurcpe not merely as an ac t of justice, not merely as a piece, of charity, but as the sole perma nent guarantee against the return of Germany to her old pathways. If we leav e the doors to India and t ) Asia Miner open to the Germans, there i certainly nothing in human history to suggest that the Germans will not seek to tread those path ways. If we leave Germany oppor tunity and ability to realize the dreams she narrowly, escaped realiz ing in this lai-t war, we shall fail at Paris and the German will after all win the war. He will lind him.self in the briefest period ot years great er than ever before, having added millions to his population by ids at tack upon civilk'.aticn and having sueve sstully abolished the obstacles to bis eastern expansion. It f ecu is to me that these are cir cumstances which must be in the minds of Americans now in the ditti- cuit weeks which are before th? ! Paris Conference, and it seems to m i that the key to the whole thing must ! be found in the fact, the incontest iablo fact, that up to the present mo I ment Ge rmany has won the war and j that the main purpose of the Paris J Cor.feie noe must be to deprive of the fruits of that victory. her THIS IS NOT SPUING. There is one of the hardest month 'ahead of us. uefrees has a larg" stock of Ohio, Kentucky and Illinois Coal, and can give you prompt serv ice. Bell phone 2 7i; Home 3279. ! Adv t. 1 1026-" FIRST IN THE NEWS-TIME" onservatlve Life ins. Co. SOUTH BEND, INDIANA A Strong Home Company Nearly Six Million in Force FIRST NATIONAL BANK Commercial Accounts Solicited Seanüeu Gold Wedding Rinnt 14kt, 18kt, 22kt. FRANK MAYR & SONS Jewelers. Ait Materia!., Picture Imming. THE I. W. LOWER DECORATING COMP.A.W South Bond. Jmbal- Wail IrT. ' Draper! 3. Palat fcuppile. 3T 13 1. J "I I taip.i ,1m i m .4u 1IIHIÜ1 0)fSl)l liiilisi Used By Every Civilized Nation For Over A Quarter of A Century Price 30 Cents Look for this signature on the box '3 f 1 u H 51 r r i a. p rj ; t - r i I It 1 n ;! l 4 M n Fl I i I' fi '-i u r