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I ml Iii tut - !".. r ton i.'. t an ! 7h :r- dny; rotier Toni-jbt. l!-ht frs in north portion; v. irr:.r in rvrth portion Thürs VENIN G EDITION TrVJ DNEW An VOL. XXXVJ, NO. 127. PAY AND Nir.riT FULL LF2AFED WIKK TELEILIPIIIC SEUVICE. SOUTH BEND, INDIANA, WEDNESDAY, MAY 7, 1919. k newmwpek rem the home WITH ALL THE LOCAL NEWS. PRICE THREE CENTS n TV'- Era . I O O- -O o- H B M j F UV brair Earl v Date Set For Session Indicates Pres ident Mav Not be Back in United States at the Opening. f WASHINGTON, M;iy T. A call for congress to meet in special ses sion May 15 was issued by Pres't Wilson today. Receipt of the president's cable issuing the call was announced at the white house today by Sec'y Tumulty. The date et for re-con ening conRre. probably means that Pres't Wilson will not he here at the open ing session. Tcit of rcMiainiition The proclamation or the presi- i dent for the special session an- j nounced hy Sec'y Tumulty, was: I "Whereas public interest re- j quires that the congress of the United States should be con vened in extra session at 1 o'clock noon on the 19th day of May, 191'J, to receive such com munications as may be, made hy the executive: "Now, therefore. I. Woodrow Wilson, president of the United States of America, do hereby proclaim and declare that an extraordinary occasion requires the congress of the United States to convene in ektra ses- nion at th capitol in the Dis trict of Columbia on the 19th day of May, 131? at n o'clock noon, of which all persona who hall be at that time entitled to act as members thereof are hereby required to tike notice. "Given tinder niy hand and seal of the United States of America, the seventh day of May in the year of our Lord, one thousand nine hundred and nineteen and of the independ ence of the United Stiitfs the one hundred and forty-third. WOODROW WILSON'." Tt is understood that he desires nngTess to begin work on appro priation bills that they ma. be pass ed before the beginning of the new liseal year July 1. To Discuss Treaty. Th senate, with the text of the e treaty befofe it. f.lso will be able, it is aid. to begin discussion of it and thereby hasten action on it .titer the president has returned i'.v. delivered hN treaty message. Tai would indicate, it is believed, that the president probihly will i-s-ae a statement in Paris on the treaty that his voice nry be heard in the discussion her. At the white house it uns stated thit the president'? advisers feit That congress should st:ir! work im mediately on necessary supply bill--. Sec'v Glass, it was sail was espe- .daily anxious th.it hasten pre pa rat I op oiurres should , ?e- pro idin:; funds, particularly for w? t rnk in surance. The need frr appropriations for l he railroads and other attnities---is well as rur.riir.5 expen. for the departments m d oi. ;h Y. urgent deficiency bill irr.peratite. it was said. Fnlt.-d Pnse WASHINGTON. Mav 7.- -Ho; and senate rcp.ibü' aw If ,uiers toilay eiit out e alls to chairmen of im portant commit: s t hurry to Washington that appropriation bill may be whipped into hrr by th time the extra session meets May Announcement of the date of the II caused preat activity at the cap- ltd Lodge, republican 'eader. wi'h Sen. "urtis. republt- to arrange fr the prt?- :i . eon ft rred can whip i'nc of -r republican senator on the oponinp d:iy. L.oig announced a republican caucus would he he'..', May 4. 400 KILLED IN FOOD RIOTING IN MOSCOW p l i, tft' Prfs LONPON, May 7. l;nsia state tb.it P.'" U dad in Mo-.-ow l.t-t Advices from l'crons were w eek in food ; ad. Ked guard Mtuok. d and kill- . .1 a mob which was shouting "Pown with I.eniise .(tul Ttotsky; dow ii u ah Irin,- r and lh. gim u food.' republic; CALLS CONGRESS ü. S. AND BRITAIN TO AID FRANCE IN CASE OF WAR? I'.y I'nlted Press : Xi:V YORK. May 7. Offi cial announcement of the agree ment of the United States and L'ngland to come to the aid of France in the event of an at tack by Germany was made through the committee on pub lic information here today as follows: "In addition to the securities nfTorilcxl in the treaty of iKacc, I lie president of the Unite! State has pledged lilmsrif to prriKc to tlio senate of the I'nlted States and the prime minister of fSrcat TirlLaln lia.s pledged himself to propose to tlio tuirliament of ;reat lititaln an encasement, subject to tli approval or tlie council or the leugne of nations, to -ome im mediately to the assistance of aii(v, In case of unprovoked attack by Germany. KEEP CLOSE WATCH ON CONVENTION OF I. W. W. Br I'nlted Press: CHICAGO. May 7. Delegates to the national I. W. W. convention i;here today expressed their fear of being raided by police before their 10-day session came to a close. Abncr "Woodruff, New York. chairman of the convention, said ho was tipped off that a raid was con templated. The delegates so far have kept their expected verbal fireworks tin der cover. Federal agents and a po lice stenographer are attending all meetings. HUNGARIAN COMMUNIST TROOPS IN SKIRMISHES T.v Fnlted Press: lll'DAPEST, May There, w er skirmishes along the Tisza andi'"'" Ul namuuiw unit itiuuo near Szolnok," said an otlicial .state- merit ivinf1 w f hu fninmnnkt crw . ' ernment today. "Our troops took po sitions north Of Salgotarjan." A statement issued yesterday de clared Hungarian communist troops were holding tirmly to the line of th" Tisi against th allied anti- tt rnunist forces. YANKEES DECLINE JAP IMPERIAL DECORATION , l' t'tniod 'tfn : j .X FltANFlS-'O, May ?. Jap ;..nese imperial dt-corations protTer I e 1 Americans in Siteria were de- i dined by Maj. Gen. William S. Graves, according to Lieut. J. IV ' Klawar.-'. here today from Siberian c service. Graves (i.ciinint: the decorations said the troops had done nothing to warrant official recognition bv an allied power. K la wans said. GROUNDED U. S. NAVY VESSELS ARE FLOATED P. Palt.-: Pras: ST. JOHN. X. F'.. May Pr.it ed States naval vessels grounded at Trepassj tray (.rn; Mor'J.v, I'.;p. ? floated. Xo s'Tlo: jart'ir 7. The whfrh in the Mfoly Is be- ltee.l to th- ships. !or. ' o anv of GIVE MOTOR TRUCKS TO STATES FOR ROAD USE P.v fnltfil Vre: WASHINGTON". May :. Twenty thousand motor trucks, worth $45. 000.000, are to be given to the states Ly the federal go.rnment. with the proviso that they tie us-d onlv for ! road coitrU( tion. the d p.irtm.-nt I f agriculture announced today. LOAN SHORTAGE 15 AT LAST GUT BELOW M LL ON Chairman Chandler Believes "Jinx" Has Now Been Overcome in County. The shortage of St. Joseph coun ty's quota in the Victory Liberty loan was cut down to $800,000 Wed nesday. County Chairman W. Chandler was contident of raising the balance of the quota before the closing of the loan campaign Sat urday night, and was busy tuning up hi.s organization for an extra ordinary drive during the next three days. A decision to institute a plus hon or roll for Vjctory bond subscribers, who buy again to help put St. Jo seph county "over the top," wa reached at county headquarters to day. County Chairman Chandler is trying to secure a quantity of plus subscriber badges, and will also en deavor to run the names of all the plus honor subscribers in the daily papers. Albert Honer was the first plus honor subscriber brought to usm antrr uic nc .cvm ao a..- nounced. Mr. Honer walked into headquarters Wednesday morning and bought a second J1,C00 worth of bonds with this comment, "I no tice that the loan is not going any too good, and I guess you can use another thousand from me." Cut Shortage Jlelow Million. r'or almost a week, the shortage, in loan subscriptions has been from a million and a half to a million dollar?, and alwavs over the million mark. County Chairman Chandler j constitute an act of war. began to feel that the last million j German navy reduced to six bat to raise was a "jinx." This morning, I tleships, six light cruisers and VI the total number of bonds sold to ; torpedo boats, with no submarines. employes of the Studebaker corpora-1 tion was reported in as $14 2. 300. This with a considerable number of. (CONTINUED ON PAGE ii) ( MIA GREET DES III GREAT CAPITAL PARADE Dfti,llM, nr nn;nuAU, njf Mndo Occasion of Welcome to All Hoosisrs. I'.y I'hited Press: INDIANAPOLIS. Ind.. .May 7. Indiana opened her arms to her sol dier heroes today. Arriving here about 9:27 o'clock. ,th 130th field artillery. Hoosier contingent of the Ilainbow division, saw an Indianapolis all dressed tip and thousands of people here to greet them. Their arrival set off the guns of a gigantic welcome home celebration, which had been in prep aration for several weeks and which cost more than $150.000. Is Gnicral Welcome. While the welcome centereil around the 130th, it was extended to aill Indiana fighters soldiers, mar ines and sailors. It awaited only the home-coming of this unit, because it was practically the last complete Hoosier unit to ave Prance. It has been overseas is months. Virtually all the 92 counties in the tate had representatives here. Til e number of vNitinp soldiers who, have received thdr iischarges was estimated at more than 15.000, and; in the majority of cases, the :;es from which they came coun paid the;r expenses to this city. I'nrado Mi 1'eaunr. There was to bo a pirade this afternoon with all the r'.ghters par- ticipatin? ar.d the KOth with Col. Iiobert Tyr.dall. regimental com mander, !eadir.g. Hopes stretched aloi-.g the sidewalks through the en tire line of march, which extended abctit rive miles through . the city streets. All tralhc was barred from this district after 7 o'clock. Interurban cars discharged ar.d took on passen- ccrs as mar the terminal as ioM- Llo. -o o- HIGHLIGHTS of the Peace Treaty The treaty provides that: Germany shall be bound to accept any agreement reached with her former allies. Germany restores Alsace-Lorraine to France. Germany accepts internationaliza tion of the Saar basin temporarily. of nations. Danzig is permanently interna tionalized. Germany agrees to territorial chances toward Helarium and Den mark and in Kast Prussia. Germany cedes most of Upper Silesia to Toland. Germany renounces all her terri torial and political rights outside of Kurope. Germany recognizes total inde pendence of German Austria, Czechoslovakia and Poland. t German army is reduced to 100,- oOO men. including ofliccrs. Conscription within German ter- ritüries is abolished. All German forts for 50 kilometres east of the Rhine art- to be razed. All importation, exportation and nearly all production of war mate rials is to be stopped. Allied occupation of parts of Germany to continue until repara tion has been made. Any German violation of condi tions pertaining to the Khine zone German navy personnel to consist of not over 15,000. All other war vessels must be sur rendered or destroyed. Germa ny forbidden to huild forts t vim oniiiH me i-.uiil. All Heligoland be demolished. fortifications must Kiel I tions. canal to be open to all na- Germany must surrender her 14 submarine cables. Germany's naval and military air forces are to be abolished after Oct. 1. Germany is to accept full respon sibility for all damages to allied and associated governments and nation als. Germany must reimburse all civil ian damages, beginning with an ini tial payment of 20,000.000,000 marks. Germany must pay shipping dam ages, ton for ton. Subsequent payment? in repara tion to be secured by a bond isue TREATY OF , n. . . . ix ti i i Official Declares Nation Needs Indemnities to Resume Business. Dt I'nitM I're: PAI1IS. May 7. Although Bel- sium has decided to sign the peac? treaty she is far from satistied, a high BelKian official told the United ; ,rt,?iS today. Practically none of Belgium's ter ritorial claims has been confirmed. The question regarding the Belgian Dutch boundary and the Scheldt has not been determined. Her indemni ties from Germany amount tc only about six percent of the tctal. dCipitt the fact that the entire country has been ravaged, utensils and machinery carried or! and f1-' I torics wrecked. ' Economically. Belgium will bo ' verv badlv off unless she is indem i nitied properly." BELG IT PEACE! FOR MA Y N approved by the reparation commis sion. Germany must devote her econ omic resources to rebuilding devas tated region?. Germany must revert to pre-war -most favored nations" tariffs th - out discrimination. j Germany must allow freedom of transit through her territories to al lied nationals. Germany must accept highly de- tailed provisions as to pre-war debts, unfair competition and other econ- omlc and financial matters. Germany must accept highly de tailed provisions for international ization of roads and rivers. The ex-kaiser to be tried bv in international high court. Other violators of laws of war to be tried. Holland is to be asked to extra dite the ex-kaiser. Germany is responsible for deliv ering other violators of internation al law. Germany is to accept the league of nations in principle but without membership. ' ' " i international labor bodv is rr- i ated. Various international bodies arejences at a time, provided to execute provisions of The reply admitted the wrong to the treaty. lielgium und declared Germany's Commission is created to govern 1 willingness to make reparations- It the Saar basin pending a plebiscite 15 years hence. Commissions created for plebis cites in Malmedy, Schleswig and East Prussia. Details fWt and ers. of .disposition of German cables left to allied pow- Disposition of former German colonies also left to allies. Commissions to supervise the Saar valley, Danzig and 1 plebiscites will act under direction of the leasue of nations. Germany cedes to Pelgium CS'J square miles of territory between Luxemburg and Holland. Germany's cession to Poland iso-1 lates East Prussia from the remain der of Germany. Germany's cessions to Poland comprise 27.6S6 square miles: to France 5.600 square miles (Alsace-1 Lorraine.) Germany consents to the treaty es- 1 tabllshing Belgium as a neutral state. Luxemburg ceases to be a member t of the German tariff union. All Hohenzollern property in Al sace-Lorraine goes to France with out payment. France gains permanent posses sion of Saar coal mines regardle: result of Saar plebiscite. Ol FREIGHT RATES Interstate Commerce Com missioner Hears Appeal For Reduction. P.. H. Meyers of th commerce, commission cf ton. D. ('., opened the interstate Washing-' informal1 hearing of the case brought by tho Chamber of Commerce of .South Ilend, for the reduction of freight rates between this city and rastcrn points. Wednesday morning in the ; council chambers of the city hal!. w . ine cnamtier, inrougn its repre sentatives, will endeavor to show why this city and oth.T cities of northen Indiana, should have a re duction of rates to put it in the J2 percent class instead of th 96 per cent class which it is in at present. Frank A. Larlsh of Chlcapo rep resenting tne Chamber of Com merce, and others made his appear ance, for the complainant after the examiner, F. O. GarricV; of Wash- icont:.npi:d on page id OPEN HEAR NG Oil I ! i i 1 - - ( ARGE ALLIES AFTER AHISTIC i I . n i.. i j Foreign Minister s Reply 10 Peace Treaty Suggests "Inquiry" As to Guilt. 1 Hy l'nlto.1 Press: t VERSAILLES. Mav Tho Ger- ! mans received the peace treaty at .1:17 this .-.fternoon. The German delegates arrived just six minutes before the meeting was called to order. Presentation of the treaty follow ed a brief speech by Premier Clem enceau. chairman of the peace con ference, in which he welcomed the delegates. The manuscript of the treaty, translated in German, was handed to the enemy representatives by Sec'y Dutasta. Germans I'rescnt Reply. After ,roe.tYins' the treaty; the Germans 'presented a 'written reply. It was rcaa in German and interpret- d in English and French, two sent- stated that so far as the conduct of the war was concerned Germany was "as humane as the allies." The allies killed many Germans afler the armistice was signed, it j was charged in the reply. The meas- l ure of guilt can only re determined through ;m impartial inquiry, said the Germans, who added that their j archives are available In this conference, accordin; to ,no statement, the Germans are . . 1.. l.: ..ii:.. m t t . . . liuiif, nui run lacKniK in anies. nie .tili' and their asnciates, it was War Secretary Says Only Force of Occupation Will Remain Longer. ill j (CONTINTEI) ON I'AGi: 11) lAum r AP!nv m yu hull nnmi u m m mm I FAUF FRMICF IN UL.II IL I 1 1 1 1 1 1 U U. Ill r in ifiT nnirn nur u u kl u riUuUdl UrilUI iods, if Germany is fulfilling her ob ligations. Any viol ition by Germany By United Prss: of tho conditions as to the zone ."" WASHINGTON. May 7. Prac- I kilometres east of the Rhine will b tlcally the entire American army ex-1 regarded as an act of war. cept the army of occupation prob ably will have left Prance in August, ir'ec'y of War Baker stilted today. Ship movements have been :-o rapid, he said, that all but small working forces which it may be nec essary to maintain in France should have sailed for the United States by! j that time. Complete separation or the army of occupation from that part of the ; army which is in France will be . f- iCClt'U MIUIU. IMRCl ?aiu. i:duca tlomil Work Planner!. He stated also that because of the succet.-s of the educational system in effect in the A. L F.. the future tie- VtleUll,U Vi IOC iicinmuvui, .tijoj thp United States will be half along military lines and nan along eau- catior.al lines', .so mat tne army w:i be the "West Point of the enlisted man." Paker told also of the American liquidation rommlssion in Europe now working to dispose of hundreds of millions of dollars worth of American equipment, buildings and supplies. The secretary, apparently in good health after his trip, reviewed many of his experiences in France. In an- swer to a question regarding pur chase of the Wright aviation held at Dayton, Ohio, Piker said he was not yet ajle to answer "American 'paestions." Kaker was optimistic regarding questions in the A- JZ. F. Treaty Handed to Teuton Delegates Re quires Germany to Acknowledge the League Without Membership. VERSAILLES, May 7. Foil owing is the official summary or ! the peace treaty, as issued today by the allied governments: i The treaty of peace between the 27 allied and associated I powers on the one hand and Germany on the other was handed j to the German plenipotentiaries at Versailles today. I It is the longest treaty ever drawn.! ! It totals about 80.000 words, divided' j into 15 main sections and reprist nt ; the combined product of over l.o (l" j experts working continually through a series of commissions for the three and a half months since Jan uary IS, the treaty printed in par allel pages of English and French, which are recognized as having equal validity. It does not deal with questions affecting Austria. Mulgaria and Tur key, except insofar as binding Ger many to accept any agreement reached with those former allies. covkx.wt or u:.Gn; IS FI 1 1ST SI-X.TION. Following the preamble and de- position of bowers comes the cove- ; nant of the league of nations as the! tirst section of the treaty. The fron- tiers of Germany in Europe are de- ' fined in the second section". Eu- ropan political classes given in the. third; and extra European political ' classes in the fourth. Next are the military, naval and air terms as the fifth section, followed by a section on prisoners of war and military graves and a seventh on responsibil ities. Reparations, financial terms and economic terms are eovered in .sections S to H Then conies the aeronautic section, ports, waterways and railways section, the labor cove. nant, the section on guarantee and the final clauses. ( ; i : k m x v ki :t x ( . m . i :s Ti:itRITOItY CHANGi:s. Germany, by the terms of the treaty, restores Alsace-Lorraine to France, accepts the internationaliza tion of the Saar basin temporarily J and of Danzig permanently, agrews : to territorial changes toward Fiel-, pium and Denmark and in East ' Prussia, eedes mo.t of I'pper Silesia ' to Poland and renounces all terri- torial and political rights outside ! Furope, as to her own or her allies" i territories and especially to Moroc co. Fgypt. Siam, Liberia and Shan tung. She also recognizes the total independence of German-Austria. Czecho-Slovakia .and Poland. MILITARY 'I FILMS LI'AVi: GF.ILM A.W IIFLPLI ns. Her army is reduced to a hundred , thousand men. including officers: conscription within her territories H abolished; all forts 50 kilometres east of the Rhine razed: and all im portation, exportation and nearly all production of war material stopped. Allied occupation of parts of Ger- many will continue till reparation ! is made, but will be reduced at the J end of each of three live-ye.-.r per The G rman naw n reducd to six battleship--, six light cruisers and 1- torpedo boats. without sub marines ar.d a personnel of not over 10,000. All otlier -i ss.-is must be sur rendered or destroy d. ! rrn.ir.y is forbidden to build forts controlling the L-altio. f.;t;cl demolish Heli'o- land, open the Kiei . anal to all na tions and surrender her 11 u'-mar-ine cables, isho may hnve i.o miii tarv or naval air forces except one iiundied unarmed sfajilaro s until I (ct. 1. to detect mines and may manufacture aviation rnaUria! for six months'. MAIU-: Itl'sPONSIPLi: i'OK IA.MAii:s. (Jermany accepts full responsibil ity for all damages ,t ised to allied and associated governments and na tionals, agrees s peci !i ca 11 y to reim burse all civilian damages, begin ning with an initial payment of 20.- 00 0.00 A,oOft marks subsequent pay ments to )? secured by bonds to be; issued at the Iscrttion of ths rep- aration commission. (Jermany i.i to ' pay shipping damage on a ton for ton basis, by cession of a large part cf her merchant, coasting and river I tleets and by new construction and I tu devote her economic forces to the rebuilding of the devastated reg ions. NO DISCRIMINATION IV TARIFF LAWS. She agrees to return to most favored nation tariff?, the 1M4 without discrimination of any sort; to alln-r .iilid and associated nationals free dom of transit through h r terri tories and to aeeept highly lr-ta.it i I provisions as to pre-war debts", ui -t'air competition. international!..' -tion of roads and iiers and otlur economic and Jinaneial clauses. Sh i also agrees to th 'rial of the e j kaiser by an international high ourt ; for a supreme cM-ne aj-'ainst inter : national morality, and, of Mher na tionals for ;olatio'i of the law and eustoms of war, Holland to ask ed tt) extradite the former kaiser j and (Irrniany beiti? responsible for delhering the latter. INTFU.V A'1"H) I. ,,,,, ... ,.,,..--,., iioiii:s iti: -im:ati:i. The league of nations is accept ed by the allied and associated pow -i r.s is operative, utid by Germany in principle, but without member ship, s'iniilai !. mi international labov body i brought into being a ith a permanent offiee and an an nual coin cntion. A great number of international bodies of different kinds and for different purposes a i -ereated. solne under the league .f n.iÜoll.'. Millie to rXH'UtC tllf Jie.ne treaty. amoii: i Ii'- former Is ! Ii eouiinis-ion to goern higli coiiitni-- sioji of I atiig. w hieh is ereated in to a free eity mull r ;he b'ague and .'iriobs roinniisvions for plel.is-bt s in Maimed. Schleswig and Fast Prussia . somi; i !: uti.i ;ms r.i:i-i FOIt ALLllls' sou tion. A 1 1 1 or i g J ' I f e t !" : 1 1 to i tv are th I o,l . re J a ia t i , .b.Ui'i.ll ;-!ei 'iii- iiitf rii.i- .iiiitii.. i 1 i t I- s .'1Mb a. IllÜlI.'il V. !ia:il. a,r, e hi I 1 1 1 i ' i 1 1 1 1 1 1 i i - i ti'Miil hig'.i e.iiirt a: " Is 1 V ! - , ol! y-'-i i'-s of l.o.Ji. s for 'b!criia!i'inal vi-, ,.- . I t .'I I I, li ii .1 II;. ibtlou bepAe-.p, tj... ' i.i t d I hi w ' l . iinl.i.i d isposit ion of cables-, tjie foiri.i ; I .'fid the ,iiii's pan h t o;,tl o i i i i t o ; ' lli'-q .:iii a i e ' a I i of i" n i . 1 1 1 .Meet r. ! "Ilii.ib eohi'ii i: lep.irat.o ertaln jiroi. sii ll a - the la w - tile air ard liquor traU'ie detail or -: .Ktion. tli opium. all;!' i .1 ' e either - '',-, J t ' !":' e;i ; 1 ! i '!!,, i t 1 i d . a ii nrniMinio ,,, rt rtHSHING IN LONDON FOR CEREMONIES MAY 2? 15 I'mp-.I Vi'-n: LOXLOX. ;,!.... ; o :;, i; i a n ! r - tr. :- c !. n f of th" will .ii r ; - in I.otob.r, M. -. a n n o I j,.-ed . 1 i ! . c,i,.. A ..!!:! OÜ ; .i i v arid '. f h o : i ?h- A !o r ; . i : . d or, A in' r, a r : i I . o : 1 1 i v 1 1 b v a -'u.i t T!" ' i '.i . 1 1. g aoer u i ! I p:-.s.. ...1 .. 1 : ' r.- .1 T ,e :r. i - .j I i r - .. Tio ' : ' i i . r . ; . 1 1 1 o he will bad .( e 1 1 li a ; :.. r )l thro. i'! i.e e-'i;r e.J 1 i" i of ! Ir iti-n T r ... ' ire ;h" -I'jt'- r I e ! i d i i . r r - i . i fon in !-::.g! ::,! June 1 .", and t i:- e a to e x l s ; , nou n -ed. ;:: I i P he h.. s v i; America - .o? : r ' .i r CITY MARKETS HELPED TO CUT LIVING COSTS JJr I !;!!'d Pr- : WASllIXdT. X. 7 . ! in irv pa! ha re keep down high fcoi pre in to a report of the commerce today. .i in. d Hased on g.,r. t-'S of the 2 7 c::: - r . . . ba ;: i in ulation of more !ri.;n ..''.' tl of 2 7 riHiiu- 1 1 - 1 tr.arkets w.t - upor.itiun at tb.e . of 111 tb.e : - port states. Of tln. 1 did X I -' tall I ICS'S bus-ir.es-. 14 a whole;i!e b ard 4j conducted both wh"..- and rtail Viiisin- Fach m.ir- s.'i : ket er.:plo"l ari aer.ir: total of 510.