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K!IY MOIIMNR, JCXY I. 1919.
THE SOUTH BEND NEWS-TIMES SOUTH BEND HEWS - TIMES Morning Evening Sunday. THE NEWS-TIMES PRINTING CO. r? AD RILL K. SlMMPns Trml lnt J. H. HYKI'iJtfNS IN PnMlibw. A-A ' JOHN 1IKNHV ZL'VPR, F4?or Member UniteJ Press Associations. Morulae Rdiin. Prmi ! ttnv.vlr ntülM to tl f fpnMrtlon of II 11apatrb creTlfe, to It or ot r wlw frrlitPd in tUi pipT. ad ilo the nw pnMSthM ttrtuv TU dM sot pplr to oar rfterrti itper. ' rifbtt of rptU'-ttl of ptal d!pstie bTu r f r?4 j tbm potdlt&erf to totb fdltloot. omcE: now Pboe 115L HO W. CoIfAi At. Beil Phoc ?100. CtTJ at tb ric or rlpon r"re t n ra ber n d f' prtmtit ntl Edftortnl. Adrerttiln. ClrmUtlon or Arronnaa for w:nt If jcar n.ime 1 In tb tIpncn trcfrj. bill will be irailWl after inrtkn. Ileport Instteo tion to tMMlDM. b4 eiecutio-a. noor deürery cf par t,,fl t:pbonn rTW. rtr.. to bead cf depart niTit with wVch jon r 5allnf. Tb 5wi-Tlme ha thirteen trnV llnet. U hie raiHDl to lim I'boo U'l and Bell lOQ. HUBJCRIPTION RATF.M: Mornln nd Hntn Tuition. I lnl C py. 3r; Ptinar. 6r Dellrered rrlT In Srtr.tn , BetiS and Mlihiwuks. 7 00 pr rar In idtHti'-e. r.r IV by " ! iek. Morning and Kvn!n Kdltl .r.n. dallr In" 'idtrnr S.indnT. 1 by mall and lntlde l.V) mlUn from South I'.end. 40. per month: , I0r two montha; .W pr month thereafter, or 4 W) Pr j t-. adTanr, n ott.ra by mrfl .VO per jear or W- per mnth. Entered at f. South Bo4 potoffle as ec-n 1 claa mill. th" I.uslt-inla, or a tlueatene-1 chopping efT of por tion r nur rrrllory ril ln( It to Mexico for !fim'x hHj.. Honor a kti! riti:il thirur. nt a jnntfii-tl rn. of which thfj Nltx.hlA'l matril jf is riPd to tkf r.otic. The hnnor of AmrlcA. und lh honor of niir Flagr. men our wtronarat tnflanc. fven to a f?ht if r.fM b, for liberty. Justice und quallty th raiu of humanity. throuRThout th world. I,t 'ich mate'nTlstic nr-tatmn, 'n thlr rolstir! pv, rail it "lush" and "mntlmntAl lm" if they lik. Tnd Wt na--ChriMian who think mor of thctr party than thy do of thlr God, anear and snarl alon with them. Th wm? may be Mil of near-American but thl day remains, rededl cated annually to humanity's caune Ju?t the eame: re5edlcatlrsr that flap, the red to symbolize hu manity's blood, th white its purity of purpose, and the blue sky with ita Mara, now, the canopy that o'erspreada the wl;ol world. The Flag Im lit of all a rae. It is the very banner cf humanity, and vithout It, ; nd lt purpose; there mlht hav- bn no victory and p"ye, pvrn yt. ADVITHTISINO RATl'H : A the ad?HH.M rtepflrtment FarelfTj AdTertlninr Repren'atlT : (V)NT. l.onüNZKN St WOODMAN. 223 Fifth At. New York City, and 72 Adama St. CLIrajfo. Tb Nrwi-Tlm n-lfori to kp l'f nirtHing rIamna fr from frauduiefir mirprnfat'. i Any peraon Jfraaded throurh patronage of any artTrf.amf nt !n thia lapr wlli confer a faror on the mantemnt by reportiu tba fata eorop'tly. JULY 4. 1919. LIBERTY JUSTICE EQUMLITY Y0l.f? rt v v ru riac COOPERATION MEANS HEALTH. Krnployers nd welfare workers often f.nd that cm- of their rentest dilHrulti"; Is Interesting phop vork-rs in sanitary frnal habits, .nnd srrh halit9 ff order a?" will v st promofo the cleanliness of th1 pl.jr- whr they work, and henee the health of the employe themselws While there is i better umierstandlnp than for merly of the importance of hypiene, still there is a multitude (if workers who feel insulted if approach ed on the subject, or who remain stolflly indifferent. Tlier rnut be .-on'ethinp more than ihop educa tion if all thes. peopi nre to be reached. Dr. Carl Scheffel, a welfare vorker and henlth expert of hifrh Handing, thinks, that the cremtest support of the t mjilnyf r In th'-fe niatter of cleanliness arid health is to be found in the public ollicials of his town. If the .;nitary policy of the town i pood, if clean liness of streets, houses .and yards is insisted upon and enforced by tbr authorities, it creates a public spirit which makes ii e.isiei for the private citizen to carry out the samo policy in his workshop. The employe wh.i mic-ht resent or reject the clean standards propo"d by his employer as one more im position of capital upon labor will feel very differ ently if be believes the shop policy is simply carry ing out th" mandate of the local government. NO festivity or celebration can pass thi year with propriety, without beinp linked up with victory and peace and a victory and peae1 tha.t stands for liberty, justice, equality; a world victory and peace dedicated to humanity. Near-atateamen and poisoned politicians poisoned by their own envious egotism, may decry the con nection, enraged by the limited glory that accrues to them through the accomplishment, but sane Americans, with a true senso of what Americanism means, will undereo the annual rededication just the name, and this time with a greater and more ap preciative vision than ever. Neither will thid recognition be limited to Ameri can or to America. Our national fete days : year will be celebrated internationally, and especial ly -o with our Independence day. on which, a year ago the president o? this leader of all nations, read from Mt. Vernor., the new Declaration of Independ ence of the "World. It was the application of the American ideal to all peoples, lands and cllme; declaring for worid freedom from autocracy and militarism. It is now a quite generally recognized fact. The day is not new to us. July the Fourth has always stood highest among the red-letter days of the United States. The love of liberty and Justice, the courage to fight for a. principle that is right, all our national idealism, have always been bound up In the origin and igniticai.ce of this holiday. MaJiy of thee Ideals have teemed peculiarly, American because our republic was formed upon them as basic principles, but the same faith that has teen cur sruiding star has, during the oast yoar, as never before, filled the minds and hearts of tho.-' peoples over the world who love jr.sv.v rml liberty better than material wealth and powe r. That is w hy many other lands this year arc joining in an almost world-wide recognition of our Fourth ofTuly. A year ago Kngfand and France celebrated this date in honor of their new ally. This year they ele hrate because the victory is won and the spirit of our first Independence day hau again triumphed ovpt Injustice and wron;. It Is a day to be marked with deep, lulent rejoicing rather than noisy celebration. It Is a day on which every Individual who professes to be a tru patriot thould dedicate himself to the work of perpetuating ;. morvT individuals, as well as among nations, the reln of liberty and justice and good will. It ts no day for the near-statesman. ultra-politician, or super-egotist, who t-tung by his own un importance, seeks to read these idealism out of the victory. He he a 1-odsc from M -achuetts. a Kno from Pennsylvania, N w or W.itwi from liaiiana. a Iorah from Idaho r. Hi. Johnson fr in Faliforniu. a Fall from New Mexico, any attempt on their part to convert the Flit into a mere rawr. by asertinc that our boys foit:'.it merely for the cloth and its odors, without .i th-'VLzhr of the principles for whiih that Flac Manls i? not 1:K ly to s t well with Amer icans To say that the ls followed old F.iory. and not ihe voice of their eMr.ii.andrr-jn- h:ef settinc forth certain idta'.s outside !h :;t ral .'. i!a ratten of a ?tate of war ideaN .t.titu!l American fr!! the Ie Lira t in of !:: I i- !' u ur to Kv riastmg. is more of a eneer ar.l snarl at America. ar.l at the Flag, than at the .: r.t S;ii. of red nnt white, and a mrnrr of ; !a- -rud.ied v. .tb .-t.trs. mean noth ing tin!-. th-v i;- - ::;.-thin, . i d if they ni"in iutbing. then :! Fla. ..- : ! 1 r . I elo;i. I'.ut !hf d.'- t -.. tv "t!it!iiP In the Ii n c ; i ,- of the de- ) ! . : i n f ..t". v 111 rht t- j. .-ie the x-utior.'s hp.nr; i.-;t '. r.at.r.s l.tvr is more tl:.tn Jtifr. of cur h"ie. rcver.fce fur the .-;iik:;ig of IN THE FARM OFFICE. A full page advertisement of all sorts of ctflce uuiftment. to be used in keeping farm accounts, is being publi-he'l in daily papers all over the country. These a d wrtN ments are printed for two rea sons. One is to -el! the machines, the othei is to acfpjaint the publi? with a growing business. There is the typewriter, for correspondence, there is the adding machine, for accounts; there arc special books for farm bookkeeping, the cash reg ister for handling -mall cash, and numerous other devices such as are u;--ed daily in business olTlces and stores. Dealers report an increasing demand for such mechanical devices for farm use, and farmers nr? found everywhere who gladly athrm the time and money saving value of oflice equipment for keep ing farm records in a businesslike manrr. In the old days farming and business were sup posed to be two distinct things, and a common ex pression was. "the farmers and the business men." In these days the successful farmer is a tip-top business man. and he takes advantage of all the time-saving device he can use. He needs them par ticularly because, unlike most business men. he is not only buyer and seller, he is the active producer in his concern. Now Marshal Foch announces that he Is going to visit the Fnited States. A similar promise was re cently made by the king and queen of Itelgium. Evi dently the leading American industry in the piping times of peace just ahead is going to be entertaining distinguished foreign visitors. No summer vacation for congress this year. And it rves congress right for neglecting its work while the weather was cool. Other Editors Than Ours a ij:.u;i'i; or .wtio.ns on an ahmkd cMr? (Detroit Satunla Night.) Opposition to tho league of nations ts apparently dwindling in the Fnite.l States senate. The only real bone of content'nn seems to be article X, which guarantees the integrity and independence of all members of the league "against external ageression." Mr. Root demands the elimination of this article altogether on the around that it would involve us in too many disputes abroad, and that America can be more effective in keeping world peace than by undertaking such obligations. As Mr. Taft points out, Mr. Hoot has changed his mind about article X. Three months ago Mr. Hoot said its operation ought to be limited to five years. He did not want America to guaran'ee the new status quo in F.urope for all time, but he thought that America was bound to finish its work in Ku rope by helping Britain, France. Italy and Belgium to oppose the rise ni barbarism in Germany. Austria, Hungary. Bulgaria. Turkey and Kussia. The amend ment Mr. Hoot suggested was not made. Is he now attacking the whole article In the belief that a five year limitation can be forced into it? Mr Hoot alo objects to the present covenant of the league because it does not provide for a system of arbitration or judicial decisions or the develop ment of international law. "principles maintained by the Fnited States without variation for half a cen tury:'' because the provision for withdrawal from the league on two vears notice has a string tied to it; 1 ecause the Monroe doctrine i not sufficiently safe run ded; and because purely American questions, such as immigration, are not clearly removed from the jurisdiction of the league. He favors the senaration of the covenant from the peace treaty proper, jn conformity with the resolu tion offered by Sen. Knox; but if that cannot be done he would have th- senate ratify the whole pact with such reservations as will virtually amend it in ac cordance with his sus-gestions. With regard to such reservations, outsid? of article X. Mr. Taft says he has ' no particular chjections to ofTer f the other na tions acquieee" Sen. I,odge. the republican leader, says: If does not matter whether ehangfs in the league of nations covenant are made through a resolution 'f r ration or through .lirect amendment. One is as effective as th. ether. Mr. Hoot says there -s in the covenant a great ileal of hteh value that the world ought not to lose." Th re is room for hope. then, that we are to have a league of nations rfter all. and a better league than we woub! have h id without the determined opposi tion that the nrst draft of the covenant aroued. Either a league oi nation or another armed camp: More Truth Than Poetry By James J. Montague ONE OF THE WAYS OF THE WORLD. When you went to the bank with your income tax blank. It made you exceedingly sad To be told you must pay, on the following day, More hard, ready cash than you had. This tax, you complained, in a voice deeply pained. Would bring to the grave your gray hairs. But you managed to fgrin when your neighbor came in To put up a howl about theirs! The shock of despair seems too heavy to bear When a run of hard luck comes along; (And they've come pretty fast in the average past ) ; And singles you out of the throng. There seems no relief for your violent grief, But your bitterness suddenly melts. When you find that the Fate that looms dark at your gate Has victimized somebody else. When you gloomily think that your favorite drink (If so be it chanced to be booze) Is no more to be had, you are prone to get mad Or suffer a fit of the blues. But the sun shines again very cheerily when You find that your neighbor is sore. And is voicing has rage that he cannot assuage His thirst for the brew any more. When first we're laid low by a staggering blow, Disaster appears so complete That we lie where we fell, and observe "This is tough!" Nor try to get back on our feet. But we'll look upon life and its streesses and strife With a vastly more cheerful regard When we learn (as we will) with a glad little thrill, That others have fared just as hard. (Copyright, 1919). The Tower of Babel By Dill Armstrong Doc Hill is travelogue talk giving his daily on Hazelton. I'a., near the soda fountain in the Amer ican drug store. Drop in sonn morning and hear it. Bill Lamport forgot Arrow, Kitchen Maid and the Range Kter nal long enough to spend the Fourth a Higrnan Fark. H. M. B. the holiday of beer. remained In town over to make a fresh supply Atlantic City must not be such a bad place to live after all. We ran hardly suppress a gurgle when we hear one-half of one per cent beer referred to a an intoxicant. fleorge Dimel is back from New York with a red nose and enough shoes to equip half the people of the state. Our new Business Mana; learning how to press pants. ;er is We are sorry we are unable to Rive the trade the real dope on the present status of Prohibition. We fan 'however quote the develop ments of the past few days, for in stance: Baltimore federal judge rules that 2 3-4 per cent beer is legal and that it is perfectly right for brewers to go ahead and manufacture their heads off. San Francisco federal judge rules that 2 3-4 per cent is illegal and that the brewers cannot manufac ture their heads off. Attorney general says nothing doing. Fres't Wilson doesn't carev appar ently, one way or the other. Illinois is declared bone vjry. Indiana has been bune dry for quite a spell. Ohio is still dry. Kentucky never will be dry. We can certainly work up an awful grouch against our oltice boy these days. His name is Beerwagon. We don't know how to spell it and we don't want to know. In these days of prohibition, let's go further, a contributor suggests, and prohibit a lot of other things that are fast becoming a nuisance and shortening all of our lives. Our contributor friend didn't have any suggestions, so we will make them ourselves: if bi:j:k is prohibh i:i SIIOFLI) Tili: rOIXOWLNCi: (1) Those blamed matches in Sweden that light every fiftieth match. (2) Sport shirts. Hunover heels. Klevvn dollar whisky. No n -advertisers. Bicycles with hot bottles for tnotive power. ( 7 ) Army otficers with Sam Brown belts. (S) Knockers. (9) K. Heeder. SO made other CI 4 ( r ( water FOR THE HOME NURSE (Copyright, 1319). Questions of geneval Interest pertaining to Home Vu-sln will be answered n this column, space permitting. Androps Isabella Griffith, care The News-Times. BY ISABELLA GRIFFITH. R. N. M'ltM.NCS IN CHItOMC 1 1 KAUT DISKASIIS. Good, careful nursing in cases of advanced heart diseases c fitly les sons the discomfort of the patient. Two points are of special importance: Position, and diet. Almost every patient afflicted with heart trouble assumes a character istic position which enables her to secure the greatest amount of comfort. Some patiens lie on their back, sorpe on their side, while others sit up and lean forward. The majority of dropsical patients are unable to He down at all. Such cases should be provided with a comfortable chair or bed rest, with arms or projecting sides that will support the head when it falls over in sleep. Almost any number of pillows can be used to advantage. No matter what position is assumed the nurse should strive In evry way to make that position as comfortable as possible. No detail is to small to take into consideration if it will add to the comfort of the patient. However, if the patient assumes a different position from that ordinarily maintained It should be reported to the doctor. Sleeplessness is conmon. also difficulty in breathing often due to nervousness. With such cases the moral influence of the nurse In quieung them and overcoming their fears will add more to their comfort than any amount of medicine. The diet should be nutritious, and of such nature as not to produce gas. which interferes with the heart action. Small meals should be given at frequent intervals. Albumens and fats are allowed, but starchy foods are restricted. Cabbage, beans, peas, potatoes, and aerated drinks are pro hibited; liiu:ds are reduced and sometimes a salt-free diet is pr-.srnbed. Water should be given in small .amounts an! not with meals. Some heart cases have a persistent cough, and there is apt to be expec toration, any variation in which should be reported to the doctor. Like wise the color of the face should be noted; H may vary from a fleeting pallor to a l irk Muish color,' or become jaundiced. Always notice .the presence of dropsy, which usually appears first in the lower extremities. As a rule heat shoubl be kept to the feet, and while pure air is important, care should be taken not to chill the patient. QUESTIONS AND A NSW R RS. 4. IZ. B. writes: I am a maternity rolnt of the patient not see4ng the nurse without a great deal of ex-, visitors ? . . , , Answer: As a rule it is better for perience and I am always at a loss, ,.u . . s . .m the mother not to see visitors until to know just how many visitors my j4 out cf be(J as 8uch patients patient should see. The relative : are easily upset and excited which usually feel that all of them shou'.d i may cause a rise of temperature, be allow ed to come in the rcom the ! disturbance in the flow of milk ana rlrst day or two. and if I ubject the) ! othe; undesirable conditions. If all do not take to it very kindly. I o j visit ors are excluded no one hould you think that it pays tu ma'ne a i feel offend ti. li you will consult GEORGE WYMAN & CO. Come and Sc Ufr Vacation Luggage of all kinds in Luggage Section Basement Domestic Specials in Basement Unusual offerings are made tor Saturday in our basement Domestic Depart ment. Visit this "section Saturday and save money. All Standard Prints, light and dark, at c Yard Wide Dress Perecales at -0z One lot of 31 inch Percales, varied designs, at 25c Comforter Challies at K 15c and 25c Bed Spreads Si. 89, S2, S2.25, S2.50, S2.75, S3, S3.50, M, S4.50 and upward One lot Bed Sheets, 72x90 -lQ One lot Bed Sheets, 81x90 t-6Q Yard Wide Unbleached Muslin 17c, 20c, 23c and 25c Yard Wide Bleached Muslin 18c, 20c, 25c and 3oc One lot 10-vard lengths Yard Wide Bleached Muslin, 30c quality, 10 yards for ...I S2.00 One lot Dress Ginghams, good styles, 6 yards for Sl.oo STORE CLOSED ALL DAY TOMORROW FRIDAY INDEPENDENCE DAY Saturday Millinery Sale 12 Hats, values S10.00 to S12. 50, Sale price S7.75 10 Hats, values S14.00 to S20.00, Sale price ?9.75 Laces and Embroideries New line of narrow and medium Venice Laces, l2 to 6 inches wide, 1 5c to S2.00 per yard Val. Laces from lz to 2 inches wide 5c to 50c yard Orgändie and Batiste Banding, Edges and Beading, also all-over laces and em broideries and organdie Vestings. New Ribbons arriving daily for Sashes, Girdles, Hair Bows, Camisoles, etc. s A Growing Rug and Drapery Department for a Growing City We think you'll like to buy Rugs this way There is no rug in this store that would not be a credit to any home. Some are nicer than others, of course. Naturally some cost consid erably more than others, too. But the point we wish to emphasize is, there is no "trash" here no rugs that are not the very best obtainable for the price asked. You can feel absolutely "rug safe" when you come to the Heller store. We have no furniture that we are ashamed of and we have no rugs to be ashamed of. We Accept Bonds lVefV Ii II TheFurmtUr, 116 South Michigan St the physician, very often his orders! will settle, the matter without of-j fe"hse to family or friends. How-j ever, there Is no objection to them ' seeing the baby, and this will often1 satisfy them. V. S. writ"s: I heard a sick per-, son say that she enjoyed toast water; so much. I wculd like to know howl to make it? 1 Ailswit: Take a thick slice of. bread, cut it into cubes; toast It inj the oven until it is brown; pour a' cupful of hot water over toat: add; a quarter of a teaspoonf ll of salt, and let stand until it cools. Then strain ami serve hot or cold. The Horoscope SATTIWAY. JUIjV 3. The planetary figure for this day' is of rather unpromising nature1 with little stirring except in the way of the pursuit of pleasure, and this' is fraught wi'h a certain hazard ( which may arie from too grat an; emphasis on various phases of self- ; indulgence. Mrs and Ve,nus are In' mutual aspect indicative of cheer ful and pleasant association and pastimes, but alwavs holding an ele ment of danger, therefore the as trological dictum U "'avoid pleasure and company and keep very quiet"; advice which does not encourage much self-development or lf-con-CiUest. ' ' Working Capital Is what money spent here might rightful ly be termed. It works to the last cent that's w h y our patronage is daily increasing. THE STAR STORE Corner Michigan and Wayne Sts. rn PRICES The price of ice to the family trade has not been increased by this com pany, but remains at fifty cents per hundred pounds A service charge of five cents per hundred is made for basement and second floor delivery, and ten cents for third floor de liverv. - We solicit your patron- ARTIFICIAL ICECO. Bell 2221 Home 6123