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oATUItDAY AlTlftNOOX, Jl'LY 5. 1V19.
THE SOUTH BEND NEWS-TIMES SOUTH BEND NEWS - TIMES Morning Evening Sunday. THE NEWS-TIMES PRINTING CO. gasricx. xl. summicr prt iat. JOHN IIKM'.Y ZUVER. Editor Member United Press Associations. 0- Morntnr Edttion. ME MB Eli A.VCXJIATEU rRFM. fh AisAeltt! I'resi ! etrtui'Tflj rntltlM to tl n f rpah!!nt!on of 11 ow inpatch rredltej to It or not r' wle rrd1td la tu pPr. n.3 lo t!e local n pabl.na trelx Tbli d not tpplj to our r-ftAm ion pipf. All rlfMt of republUitlon of ipcU'. d!iptfti Ltrelu " r KfT4 t Ui publlaaeri at to bot editions. IJom Phon U3L OFFICE: 210 V.'. Colfi At bell rtr 2100. Oil at no or teUplorie : nnmVr and f"' eprtaint 4nt4 Editorial. AdTertliln. Clrmmtlnn or AcrounUa. For "waot a 4 a." If jeur n.tra i in tiie l.pnon Cii-ectorj. bin will be asH-d after Inaortkn Hepo nwo Hon to 5oalnui. bid execution, poor .lellTer? cf pan. Ma tlpbon rTl. etc., to bead cf JepirtTnnt with wUch ou rs deallac Tbe :enri-Tlm Nil tMrteen trnV Wat, tii or hlcä rMirond to lioraa I'Lona UM anl Bell ICO. CT5fTUPTION RATES: Morning an l nrtiIrtK Edition, f'sr!- Copr. .V: Sandny. flc. IU?er1 by n-rrUr tn Sintn nd and M'ihiwnka. t? 00 per year in adf-ine. or 15o by tne fwk. Morning anl Ersnlng Kdltlrs. dally ia.'.wdlng Sjnday. by mall and Inside ISO mil from Xnvtb Rn1. 4v per montn: 0c tw- moeth; av pr month tbenff r. or 14 00 per yMf In advance, an otfcera by niall Pr year or .W per inontu. Entered at South lind pocf.ffire as . er.n 1 class tnali. ADVERTISING RATES: Ak the adru.-iir p-irtm-nt. Forefrn Advtrtlatn p.epre ectatiTes : CONt:. LjnENZF.N WOODMAN. 225 Fifth Ar . New York City, find 72 Adama St.. CMcajfo. Tb Newa-Tlme endrara to keep tti adrertlsinff rolnrona fr from fraudulent iulrepres?ntatioa. Any person Jfraadd through pntr.nace of any adrertiaemf nt n tnia paper wlli confer a faror on tba nsanairenient j7 rportci ic facta eomplaiely. JULY 5. 1919. RECOGNIZING FREE IRELAND. Reports ,nvn;ttin.- from Wahhirstn that sme of t!MNflf ihM'iul-l Stafrs senate f vor a resolution cmmlttlns thi.s country to tho formal rocorniticn of the socal'.e.l Irih r.-.-Mic. hi-N f.iir for another at tempt at internutlonM .-ictacularity that is likely to V-ove Interestintr. Str;.i: too. the very leaders that are reported strong f"r th i.re the x-ry s.mo on. s as are fearful left the Monroe doctrine be rol.l.ed of some of its .starulinir. through th League of Nations; who prate loudly against "rntar.Rlin alii i".rr s.- and who. when it feems to Frrve their political purpose, are so all-tired opposed to Europe in;-i iWinp in any of our affairs, or in our rrfftlntc in Kur'opcan affairs. This peculiar twii t-, tht-ir consistency inconsist ent as the nust boru -1- aded of lh- (i. rm.ins.-is more liSht on their insinc rty ::nl d-niau-otruery than upon nnythlnc lso. And s-ch a resolution voUd he juite the lopkal. thMich a radical .dtp. afr the senate's almost unanimous appeal to the Paris peace conference to oopirter Ireland's claims. Tlvit act in itself was remarkable enough, but it hardly seems likely that the senate wU ro so far as to adopt the plan now proposed- Certainly thoughtful citizens and real friends of Ireland will l'evtitate to endorse such a plan ut this time, in view of the embarrassing predicament" in which it would pi i the I'nited States. It i3 as if Oreat T.rit.iin. during the Civil war. had done as many IlritL-h statesmen wanted to do. and rec ognized the ir.depend . c; of the confederate states. The mere threat of th tt wa? enough to roi'se the ncrth to flamlnK indignation. r if a present comparison is desired. It is as If the British government, without con- pultinff the I'nit-M State government about it, dioupl recognize the indept ntU nee of the Philippines or Porto Itico. both of which countries ar now umpiring- to self Eovernment. Such reciAgnition - the senators surfst wcjbl na turally ho considered a flagrant insult to Great Pritain. It would be resented particularly as coming frofn x na tion which has been virtually an ally of CIreat P.rain's ir this war. and which 's bound to her today by closer ties of interest and friendship than ever before since the United States attained its independence. It Is. to say the least, a matter for careful consider ation and slow action. Do the Senator concerned want to throw overboard thi closer association with Oreat Britain, and destroy ..his new Anfrlo-Saxon cooperation., with all the hope it holds out for the present and fu ture of civilization? And to do it by a stroke which. o on by such a sacri'le, would hardly accomplisn the j, arpo.se aimed at? The Irish question i' properly a question to be set; tied within tho British empire. It will be sU .settled ! ,v. ith American help, if Americans act rationally and decently. and Ireland will pe pretty near what sh i.s after. The .n;er and ind:i Nation that American rece ption of Ireland would aro.:se at this time would almost cer lainly prevent the consummation of the hopes of the Irish and their American friends. The function of Ire land's friends is to frrtbei her cause by influence and j ersuasion rather than insolent and futile antajroism of Great P.ritain. ' PROVOKING A GOOD RIDDANCE. Blessings, indeed, do iome, somt times in discuise, and the late spectacular attempt made to assassinate Atty. den. Palmer, ; nd several other prominent men of the country, is beginning to show up as proof. After the fashion tha' "it makes some difference whose ox is heinx ored." the bomb-plotters, by their exploits, ha' e served mainly the purpose of hastening the lonr-; ontemplated deportation of dan gerous aliens. It is announced that dozens of anarchists. I. "W. V. and bolshevi.n agitators and other internal enemies hae leen sent out of the country during the past month. Others are Kins right aloni;. This is in addition to he bic: shipload of alien enenva Interned during the var and recently exported to their native lards. The deportations are tarried out in compliance Hith a law enacted last October, which provides hat: "Aliens who are anarchistic; aliens who be llee m or advocate the overthrow by force or violvnce of the government of. the Unit 1 States, or of all forms of law; aliens who disheliexe In cr are opposed to all terms of organized govern ment; aliens who advocate or teach the as.if.s - ination of public otradals: aliens who advocate or teach the unlawful destruction cf property. or aliens who belong to organizations which advocate or approw any of the above i rimes. shall be deported from the I'nited States." The Ltw thus far has been applied gently rather than risorudy. Th re is little danger of itu boing a!'Ued: the spirit of A r.ierican fairness and toler ance will s to th it in the future as it has in the past. It i to be expired that the offend.--rs and their friends will raie lcortus protects, and the public must he on its uu.trd 1 st it bt- dece'. ed. It is time to rid the country cf this plau'-Je. and the b. dated efloru of the sornm?nt should tc uihe!J Ly the active support of the public in every community af fected. This is a free country, which can preserve ita free dom only by utern elimination of foreign fanatic, and malefactori who seek to -iestroy Us free Insti tutions by violence and crime. REVIVING THE TRADE SCOUT. With the re-entrance of the United SUtea into the world arena .is a maritime power, an old fea- m ture of commerce Is being revived, long since dia carded. It is the supercargo- and the moat of us never hfard of it lefore, so what is It? The supercargo Uied to be a passenger on every trip of the ancient merchantman; a trusted, dignified individual who represented the shippers and whose duty was the supervision of the cargoes out and back- Then for a time this service was considered unnecessary, and the supercargo vanished along with other institutions and traditions of old sailing days. Now the office has been revived by the United States shipping board. A corps of carefully selected men has been chosen whose duty it is not only to supervise the cargo on shipboard, but to report on harbor and dock facilities in whatever port they make. The costumes of the people, their habits of life and their commercial desires are also carefully noted and reported, so that American exporters may have the advantage of all this Information. If the United States wants to build up a great foreign trade, she must send abroad what foreign customers want, and the supercargo is Invaluable as a barometer of trade possibilities. .Some 330 train i (J men are now working in this field, and as foreign trade opens up. th"re will be opening for more. That juvate enterprise will follow the steps of the whip ping board there is little question, and the trade hcout may become as- tamous in his modern way as were the path-find,? . and scouts of pioneer days. TEACHING AND OTHER TRADES. That school teachers are underpaid is an old story, grown tiresome from repetition, liut here are some up-to-da'.e facts, submitted by the National Educational association, which give the subject new freshness and interest. j Teaching salaries have really been rising tliey have risen, tn the three yearn from 191" to from an average stipend of $543 to $(::). Let no tax-payer, however, plüme himself unduly on this fict. The advance only meets about one-seventh of the current advance in living expense-. Vaving t melier far worse off than before. 1 he most striking thing In the rpot t is a com rai.'son of the teac -cr's pay with thu of other occupations- The poorest-piM -ullroad v.ork.-r, the sec tion hand, gets twice i much as th average teacher. S. illed railroad men get five and si.i times as much. Most hod carriers ;,'et 50 to -00 po.-.'er.' more than tea hers. Makers, carpenter, md glzie--i get twico a much. Ulaoksmiths, mach'nists. lather and who run get two and one-half times as much. Plunib- rs, bricklayers and structural iron worriers get three times as much. The ordinary shipyard worker Is paid 11,4m a year, to the teacher's $630. And surely her work id no less important and difhcult than his she is shap ing the material that goes to the making of that supreme product, the ship of sta,te. And yet, in every community in the land, there are still taxpayers who kick whenever anyone sug gests raising the teacher's, pay. Other Editors Than Ours IHKLAND X i: iniYTHIX(;. Dctri4t Saturday Night.) American friends of Irish Freedom, who are most ly Itoman Catholics, oppose the league of nations because it will help Gu.it Britain and will not help Ireland. Pope Benedict, ar. head of the Roman Catholic church, endorses the league of nations because it will help everybody to keep the peace. Sen. Sherman opposes the league of nations be cause he thinks it will help the pope to regain his temporal power and to augment Roman Catholic influence throughout the world. Th,c A. P. A. is expected to oppose the league of nations because the pope endorses it. Cardinal Lodge and his colleagues in the Irish lairarchy demand 'self-government" for Ireland without saying apecirically how far "self.govern ment" should go, though they thank cotijress for asking for u hearing for the Irish republic at the Paris peace conference. Sir Edward Carson, the' Ulster orange leader, says the action of congress was indecent. Among the gentlemen who welcomed Pe Valera, the chief of the "Irish republic." in New York were Judge Cohalan. whom Pres't Wilson refused to meet recently, and the lawyer who defended Jeremiah i I'Lear;', branded by Pres't Wilson in the 1916 cam paign as a disloyal American. Certainly Ireland o-jght to be satisfied with the at tention that Irish issues, religious and otherwise, are low receiving in American, politics. At any rate sh must be pacit-nt. It is quite possible that Amer ica may yet want to pet a word Into American poll tics, edgeways as it were, about her own interests. Tili: Nl .W C.FJIMAXY. (Detroit Saturday Nlnht-l Now and henceforth there is hope for Germany. Her military power is broken. The dream of world conquest has vanished. She begins to understand that she was beaten in the fleld. All the official lies of all the kaiser; tes cannot always hide that great fact. She i i.ows. for instance, that when her general staff ana .r.co'l there were less than 200.000 Yanks in I'rj'.ce in .'.lay of last year there were a good mil lion - ml she knows also whether the Yanks can !;gh: or not. liut the devil .-f militaris-v. Is not easily exercised. Tiue ie.cKr.ioy does not -jome ir. a day, or a month. or ; of truculer.ee. Thero ; enn!r.s in Oormany the old spirit old theory of "honor" that the world" icr.ow as .something el.e. Witness the sinking of the surrvr.df red eivrman fleet at Scapa Flow. If anything v.as t led to Justify the dictation of a peace that left nothing to German "honor" that was the. trick that did it. That treaty was neect-sary, not only to secure a modicum of reparation for lermany's victims, but to tt.uh the German people the truth about them selv;, and to how them a new way of life. If the Clermaas are a intelligent as the world has alw&ys thought them, they will learn, too. liy renewed inter course with the outside world they will ee them selves as others sec th?m; and by painful introspec tion they will tak the lfason home. Pacifists call it a peace of force, not justice. The pacifists are wrong, s usual. It Is both. To talk of justice for the Hun without force is to talk of re ligion with God left out. The Germany of the Hoh enzollerns is dead. Inj; live the Germany of Goethe and Schiller and Kant. More Truth Than Poetry By James J. Montague LOVE AND GOVERNMENT OWNERSHIP. Ben Blodgctt loved Belinda Bly.' But Ben, a bashful wooer. Could never look her in the eye. And list sweet nothings to her. And though she had a wistful way Of blushing when he met her. He couldn't find a word to say. So he proposed by letter. Six months in the U. S. P. O. The tender missive tarried. And when Belinda got it, lo! She'd found herself another beau. And married. This might have cast some lovers down. But Benjamin, undaunted. Decided that Bedelia Brown Was just th- girl he wanted. This time, determined to attain The prize that he was after, (For so did he regard the Jane), He promptly telegraphed her. But when, long after Uncle Sam Had managed to locate her, Bedelia's name was Mrs. Hamm, And she was trundling a perambulator. Still fond of girls, and keen to wed, Though fearing still to ask 'em, Bn's somewhat easy fancy sped Jo Miss Matilda Bascom. To tell her how he used to moan His yearning in his slumber, He called her on the telephone (Or, rather, called her number). "Love you?" she said, "you bet I do I'll gladly wed you, kiddol" (Though married, when Ben called to woo, She was, the day the call came through, A widow). (Copyright. 1919). The Tower of Babel By Bill Armstrong Now that the tight is over there isn't much to talk or think about until someone comes along with a new graft of some kind. They're talking about little Fred die Lttughman over at the Elks something awful these days. They say that Freddie was as companion able as could be with everybody in the days when he drove a Ford. Now he has bought a Hudson se dan and he'll hardly look at any body. Clarence Steed of every inch a clothing store, who ust to split his Bull Durham with Freddie in the old days, can't even get a howdy out of Freddie since he bought his Hudson. And we are inclined to be lieve that these charges against Mr. Loughman bear some semblance of the truth because Mr. Steed makes the accusations himself. pointed out that New York has taken kindly to prohibition. We contend that this proves nothing of the kind. It is a well known fact that water is usually very popular the day after. GEORGE WYMAN 8 CO. Come and tee Us-- Neal Welch reports to us what we believe is absolutely 100 percent in municipal hospitality. The city of Louisville on the first of July pro vided cracked ice for all the public drinking fountains of the city to help its citizens and visitors recover from the effects of June 3Uth. Joe Donahue of from one to forty-one, is (again) u proud father. Women don't eem to care so much for prize fights, but believe me they can have a good time with a front porch seat at a neighborhood wedding or funeral. "We are willing to do everything possible for South Hend which our financial condition makes possible," said J. P. Kelly of the Grand Trunk railway to city officials the other day. We are going to sit back and wait now with this assurance from Mr. Kelly, confident that at least a new door knob will be Installed at the Grand Trunk station within the next couple of years. l'HAXKXKSS IX MAItlUAGi: LICKXSKS. From The News-Times marriage license records: "Lee August Wag ner, forger, South Bend, to etc., etc." We read in the papers that New York drank 3.000.000 more gallons of water on July 1st than on June 30th. which proves conclusively it is We are here able to record an ex traordinary conversation we over heard between a returned soldier from France and a civilian. We ask you to read this conversation carefully and note the Important facts brought out. The conversation runs as follows: Civilian "Hello Stanislaus!" Soldier "Hello Steve!" C "When did you Ket in?" S "Last night." C "(lee you're looking fine. The army certainly made u man out of you." S "Yeh." C "Did you see any actual fight ing?" , S-'T11 say so." C "How- lon? were you across?" S "About a month." C "What did you think of the French girls?" S "Some girls.'" C "Were you at Hrest?" S "Yeh." C "Glad to get back. I suppose?" S "Yeh." C "How did the 'Y treat you?" We left the party as the last ques tion was asked. We do not care so much to hear the 'Y' knocked again. We asked our new business man ager to furnish us with a joke for thi.s column. She came back with this stunner: - "Why don't you ever wear a col lar around the house?" FOR THE HOME NURSE (Copyright, 13J9). Questions of geneiad interest pertaining to Home Vuslng will be answered In this column, space permitting. ArtireM Isabella Griffith, care TLe News-Times. BY ISABELLA GRIFFITH. R. N. TO GIVK AX INHALATION. Drugs are sometimes introduced into the membranes of the nose, throat or lungs by inhalation or breathing in. An example of a substance com monly used In this way is smelling salts. This is placed under the nose to stimulate a person who is faint. At no time should they be placed too near the nose, and never should they be used if the patient is unconscious. For asthma, bronchitis, and croup Inhalations of steam are frequently used, with or without a drug. To give an inhalation to a baby a steam tent Is necessary. A tent may be made by simply hoisting an umbrella over the child and covering it with a sheet. Another method is to drape a sheet over the bed by fastening It to a pole at the head of the bed, and to the mattress at the foot. Special croup kettles are made for these cases, but the steam could be conducted from an ordinary kettle placed at the side of the bed. and heated by a coal-oil or gas stove. A tube could be made of thick paper and fitted around the- spout of the kettle to conduct the steam under the tent. For large children or adults an ordinary pitcher may he used. Fill the pitcher half full of boiling water, adjust a towel around the top and pin it under the hundle. Have the patient hold her head closely over the pitcher, with the loose end of the towel covering the nose and mouth, and admitting only enough air to permit her to breath"-. Instead of the towel a funnel of stiff paper may be usel to conduct the steam to the patient. The large opening should be placed over the pitcher with the small open ing covering the patient's mouth and no&e. When a drug is ordered it is added to the water. The main point to be considered in giving an inhala tion is to keep the steam from escaping into the room: to allow the pa tient to get the benefit from it QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS, hour and a half to give her a bath H. It. II. write: I am nursing my in the morning. Should I be able siiter who is a, chronic invalid, and ( to get through In a shorter time? Z find that it takes me at least an Some" of my friends think that it Is The coolest salesroom in the city is our new basement salesroom Shop there. OUR JULY CLEARANCE Starts Tuesday, July 8th Watch Monday's Papers Annual July clearance of broken lots, odd assortments and merchan dise we do not w " ' carry into the fall season. Reductions in" every department. Sec .Vumday's papers. Saturday Toilet Goods Items 1 Lot 50c Hair Brushes 25c Bath Soap I Oc bar 1 Lot 25c Dressing Combs 15c Jergen's Talcum Powder 25c box Palm Olive Soap, 10c quality, 3 bars 25c Woodbury Soap, 25c value. . . .21c bar Women's Suit Special - $13.75 Khaki and Mercerized Sport Suits Special at SI 3.75 Capes and Dolmans in Serge or Tricotine at Half Price Women's Suits in light shades at Half Price Monday's Basement Offerings 50 dozen Sample Towels, regular value $1.50 dozen, at $1.00 doz. 100 dozen Huck Towels, regular 29c value, at 19c 25 dozen Turkish Bath Towels, 35c value, at 25c 25 dozen Turkish Bath Towels, extra large and heavy, 59c and 69c values, 49c A Growing Rug and Carpet Department for a Growing City i i 1 1 1 i 1 1 i I . i i ; i i 1 , i i 1 . u I , i t : I : ! , i , i i : i h ::3 miff pffl f .-'s f5."' ist-y m f te Ll''Jr - 1 Copyright PI9 Jlit Schallact U ilars Dixie weaves and cool Home spun suits, tailored by Hart Schaffner A: Marx especially for us. The ideal suit for thos who want added style with comfort $25. $3, 35, S10. Be comfortable these hot days Get yourself in Cool Clothes We're ready for you with a great display A LL sorts of cool fabrics for warm weather. The tem perature demands y o u be dressed cool if you want to keep up your vigor and pep; better take the warning and buy your comfy clothes today for Sunday. Palm Beaches in larger assortment YOU'LL find here a great display of suits in this popular summer fabric; light and dark shades; plain and neat stripes. Our Palm Beaches are tailored more carefully than the ordinary. Reasonably priced at $12.50, $15, $16.50, $18.50, $20 to $30. ami i piro & Go iiiiihitiuhiiihli.ü foolish for me to bathe her every; morning, they say that three times a week is a rarity, that a bath ev-, ery morning i3 weakening But myi sister likes her bath, and says that I it makes her feel better. I Answer: Generally speaking a nurse should be able to give a bed: bath comfortably in an hour. How-j ever, the time required depends somewhat on your patient, and the surrounding conditions. In your ase I can "tee no objections to your tak ing an hour and a half if it does not exhaust your patient. A lath should be taken once a day by everybody, sick people included, unless they are very weak or the doctor for seme reason orders otherwise. If your sister enjoys hr bath by all means give it to her daily. natural immunity to Marie, fcer. What did he mean? Answer: Immunity i. a .state In which a person Is nt sus--ptiM- to a certain di.eas, will no: 'catch' it If they are expo.ed. It L, the op posite to susceptibility. M. X. write: I have just fnished nursing a patient with t-carlet fever, and I did not Kft the diseane. The; doctor said that rhapä I had a Advertisers make profits from volume not prices. 'J