THE SOUTH BEND NEWÖ-TIMEö
INFORMATION FOR FARMERS
II. 5. DOMINATES
Raises Over One-third of thi
Swine of the Entire
- 111 4 i ill ' - c i
Th I'nitel St.itrs Cirtnins ron- j
R:'JTaLly more- than on--third "f all
the .r-vin in th world. Fwin aro ;
If-ss numerous than nth"-r sh4;) or i
cattle in th world at lir 1-r.t arc
rr.orfe numerous than citiu-r in th
United State, which th: year has j
more hrKs than its 10 nearr-t tont- ,
Petitors roml!nel. j
The.s facts showing the ast ex-j
tent of the American hot: Krowln j
Industry are cit-d I y Dr. J. I:. Moh-
If r. chief of the hureau of animal j
Industry, United States department !
of acrioulture. ns "an anchor of
confidence for weath rini j-rils
of adversity in pork production." J
concludes that r.ork products I
have become as we I ftal!i.h d in i
the diet of the Amerifan T-ojd as
hoizs have become established on
farms, and that an nioro than two-
thirds of the total 1 1 s exports of j
meat were pork products 'and more j
than five-sixths of the animal fats,
exported were lard, there is a tfre.it j
potential pork-aborbin ability in I
the densely populated Kuropean ,
"We must take care of that bust- j
nes properly and realize that cn- j
dtttons are constantly chaniner both
at homo and abroad." says Dr. Moh
;.u "We n.ust study carefully what
to do next ar.d then do it proniptlv."
forden Demand I "or American Pork
littest reports from department
representative:- .; jropo indicate
that pork importation by the united
kingdom may be considerably
smaller In the future than during
the war, price being an important
factor. In general, it appears that
American fresh pork products have
met with favor on the Hritish mar
kets, but there Is rom for improve
ment in. the curing of hams and
bacon. It is reported from France
that the swine industry there de
creased most rapidiy between 1 1 1 ?,
and 19D', but the decrtase sine '
l'.lS has been comparatively small.
Kapid recuperation s-eems possibles
with a go:d gr.ain and potato crop
this year and a continuation of
present hih prices. While the best
grades of American hams and bacon
met with French approval, it i. said ;
that hese products are too exp-n-ie
for the average French family. :
It is not likely that Fran re will im- ;
port breed in:.- swine to arty large ex-!
tent, although continued importa-
ti'ns of meats and fats ;ir- expert- i
South America, on th.e other '.
hand, is importing swine from the
I'r.ited States with con.-ddei .ible
regularity. Since the ürst of this
year there have been sen pur
chases and shipments ranging
from about to 7' had each of
pure-bred stock for breeding, in id
di!in to a mmil'tr of smaller ship
ments. Replacing Inferior Sire-..
' The most r cent :n l:t?y "f
department likely to .it:e,' tu
swine i n . I ; -1 1 y. as w.ll a-- other !i.
."tock. l" th prop. .. ! lit w j 1 ii! I'm
I:;. stening the teplat eint :it of in
ferior sires by good pure ' red-..
Far! in June at. outline of the
p!.in was mailed to about l.L''"
prominent bre. !er. b e stm !; otti-
u fo.r Winter I-nyinz.
That's what eeryono i? raising
their pullets to do and that's what
hrir.gH in the profits.
Healthy pullets hatched at the
light time in the spring, depending
on the br ed, and properly handled
oi;."ht to begin shelling out the eggs
wht it the prices go up and keep do
ii.g it right through. How to do it?
Th'-re is no royal road to success
b.:t there are a few fundamentals
that should be observed. As much
range as possible, an abundance of
clean, cool water, and a well bal
anced ration are the prime essen
Never W your hens go to bed
hungry. Keep a aried scratch feed
before them at all times.
Don't make the mistake of think
ing that the bugs and stray food
that the pullets can lind in fornping
i-e enough. Make sure that they
are getting plenty of choice feed
your local dealers probably have
just the mixture best suited to your
1-icality as nothing will kill your
chances of getting strong, lusty
"layers this winter so quickly as
stuntinpr their growth and tnklns
away their "pep" by making them
depend on what they just naturilly
find laying around.
Just remember if you feed 'em
rUht. they have to lay or "bust."
Don't neglect, their water supply
keep it fresh.
MUCH SMUTTY WHEAT
LOCATED IN STEUBEN
Saving cf Food and Avoiding
of Waste No Longer a
A very interesting study was made
by the Illinois Agricultural college
(C:r. 11. The figures were taken
Irom ").". cows in ''.) Illinois dairy
herds. When divided into four class
ed best, next Ik st. poor and poor
est it was learned that taking an
;.rage of the best of these cows,
the one -iw represented by that
aa vage made as much money for
the owners as -10 cows in the poor
eel class of the same 5T4 cows.
The poor cows each gave a profit
cd ic every four days or about 7 7c
per cow proiit for the whole year
after deducting the feed. Fach one
of the poor cows required on an av
c.;:gf just ;is much feed and care as
tue average good cow; in other
wnnis, the In poor cows took 40
limes as much feed and caie as the
o:o uv rage nest cow.
'ows differ widely in their pro
d'Mtive ability and the only ac
!i!.t measure of a cow's produc
tion, is obtained by weighing and
testing her milk.
The most practical method is
feline' in the Cooperative Cow Test
ing association, since it furnishes aj
chenp accurate method of testing.
It is not fair to the public to base
tlic price of milk upon the incompe
tent dairyman who is always com
plaining that ho can make no money
in the dairy business.
Good dairy cows may be fed the
very highest rations and make a
great deal more money by so doinar
' to feed an ordinary row in the
ordinary haphazard way.
Very few farmers can raise nil of
the feed their cows need. A com
mercial mixed feed is better than a
home mixed feed, a the proportions
ate more uniform and the protein
ar.d food percentages are' generally
n.uch higher than in home prown
feed. That is the reason why the
more successful dairy people prefer
a commercial mixed feed rather
than to try to do the mixing themselves.
ing their ni ment s bef.-re tl
p. :n ni' iUtirM recognition tor
e.i in -Ihn
1 .vi l ev- e.f th
the owners of pure-br
pt.un classes of live stock, n unely
e.ittle. hiijsi S. vinr. ;beep. tr...its.
.'r.d j'O'iitjy. Tlv p t c;:ut.o!i will
take th form ?' t pin-, te.l eml-'em
bearim: th br ! r's name an I
which lie may i:.-p!a. We f.el
til. at this p'.in h ill op. .- :d era ! ty
h.asten l:c tot k improvement i;i
the i'nite i States in.l d iN.'.ejra c
the Use ,.f inferior M!,s. 'Ir.fejitir
tnclmte interior pu i e-. reus as
CRATE SAVES WORK
Culling Farm Foultry Crop is
Simplified by Mechanical
Morgan County Agent Sets a
New Trap to Settle With
Saving of food, except as. a mat
ter of reasonable economy and to
avoid wanton waste, is no longer
necessary, and the continuance of
this form of conservation will work
hardship to consumers and injustice
to producers, the department of
There is now in prospect the
greatest crop of wheat ever grown
in this country, and many cattle
reared in response to the demand
for meat for the army are now ma
turing, the department points out
If these cattle are forced to sale on
a declining market there will be
heavy loss to the producers this
year and a decrease in production in
"Stockmen do not deserve to be
I e I lit i iTti iui uicii j.iu JUU.-UI, wui I
i ii i - . . . - . i i.. it I
snouiu tic suppuriea i j me con
suming public in an effort to re
store consumption to the normal
without delay." says the department
in a special statement on the sub
ject. Although short of food. Europe
does not need beef from the United
States so much as it requires our
pork, according to the department.
The stocks of cattle in practically all
of Europe have not suffered so se
riously in numbers during the war
as was supposed. Outside of the
areas over which the conflict raged
cattle have either held their own or
have been multiplied. Stocks of
hogs and sheep have been greatly
As soon as shipping was resumed
Europe turned to South America
and Australia for beef and lamb.
England and Italy are buying in-
these markets. The beef and Iambi
in the United States, it is pointed
out, must tind a market at home.
With prices to the consumer so
high that he is denying himself, and
the market for live stock so unat
tractive that the producer loses
money when he sells his beef and
mutton, the problem is one that calls
fcr adjustment, the department of
agriculture contends. Representa
tives of Sec'y Houston have confer
red with menders of congress to
cure the present conditions.
The department holds that the
United States will never have a
satisfactory and permanent solution
oC the problem until the manufac
ture, sale and distribution cf meat
products are olflcially supervised hy
agents of the government, cooperat
ing with state and municipal auth
orities. When the government is enabled
to maintain such supervision to pre
vent unfair dealings, speculation
and profiteering, and to furnish the
public with all the facts regarding
the production and distribution of
meats, equitable and stable prices
for producers, and consumers can
be assured, the department says.
An effort to regulate the business
of manufacturing and marketing
meat products will be made by the
department to safeguard both those
who raise and those who consume
livestock. Present conditions, it
asserted, are unjust to both pro
ducer and consumer.
County Agent T. A. Tarker of
Steuben county and 11. A. Borth
wick. of the department of agri
culture, foTind one tield of wheat in
that count:.- recently vi:h as much
as Si per cent, of smutted heads.
Cor.shleraWy more than 50 percent
of the crop of the one fie.ld was lost
because a the smut ra vages. Other
fields shewed as high 40 to 50
jier cent of scab. Whr wheat has
reen fown in corn stubble ground
the scab was much worse than
where It followed other crops, thus
showing tho relationship of this ce
real disease between corn and
In a 37 acre field on the. farm of
Glon. Brown Jamestown twp., Steu
ben county, wheat sown in corn
stublle groand showed 5 per cent,
of scabbed beads and that sown on
another tiejd showed no soab.
To control smuts and other dis
eases the county agent will dem
onstrate methods of treating seed
before all threshing ring: during the
rest of the. season. Of the 14,000
;u;res of wheat in the county this
year 2. 8 20 were sown with treated
KILLED 10,000 RATS
ON KNOX COUNTY FARMS
Knox county comes to the front
with the best report of any in the j
entire state on the results of the
observance of Rat day. May 27.
County Agent W. J. Piggott, reports j
that 10-.000 rodents at least were
on the casualty list that day. On
one farm of 2,500 acre?, 1,102 rats
-were killed in one day and on an
other large farm more than 500
rats wvro slajn. On several farms
whose owners thought they had no
rats to "speak of" from 100 to 250
W. Q. Fitch, assistant secretary
of the Indiana committee on food
production and conservation, who
had charge of the rat campaign savs
that the work is being followed up j
throughout the state. He raised hisj
recent estimates of 50,000 killed in'
one day to 60,000 following receipt
of the report from Vincenncs.
White as Snow
SCORES of our good friends prefer
white shirts to all others won't
wear anything else these sultry
days. Perhaps you, too, agree that for
hot weather there's nothing quite so
comfortable. Alwavs cool, alwavs neat
and fresh. We've some especially good
ones now in sizes to fit all men. "Prices
range upwards from
$2.50 and $3.00
Plenty of colored phirts. too, in
every wanted material and at
mighty interesting prices.
The Best Men's Store Since '84
Every Furnishing Seed Everything Guaranteed
LAKE COUNTY BREEDERS
TO HAVE BIG EXHIBIT
'a oil is rru'". In a f w ;
amiaUn is exptvtrd to t.i
r.ttf form "
iu:r.Ki:i:rr.i:s wn.i. mi:i:t
at r.. ;.
Arrangements have ! n r.vrie
for an all-diy marine: of th' K!k-
l art-Ija'lrar.k;' CVunty Bpk its
association at the home of W. H.
Mays In C.oshrr. V'dr.ej-d.iy, A:c .
The beekeeper- w i'l enjoy i .
ket linner. with b.o :-. and its
products formir.-; tb. pr;ncipal part ;
of th" mrr.u.
f n w 1 1 1
1 s 1 1
sreak on "The 'al .e of
I'o'lenio Fruit H!-ssom." Kss
Scot?. I-iCirmce, ar.d a state
sntttor. will dis.'uss "Somr Prob
lems Confronting the I'.e Mit.,"
and Prcf. I'. G. IUMwin of the p!;r
di!P university acrirulfirt 1 et-n-.
sion staff nil! peak on "Koni Pro- I ,
and Its Control.
This is the second meeting of th' .
hi-coimty ass.v;at'on whbh was or
ganized on this b.tsis N-c.Uise of
th similarity of th- pro'..'.t-rus
beekep rs in th" two i :r.: .
M'.ih of the trouble and rr.prh.in-
i i) work connected with the cull-
i:u "f 'h- farm poultry r.ock can be
'.liiiii '.t d ! the use of a citchinp:
r.ue :trbl several shipping crates.
a r.rdinc to poultry extension men
at Purdue university. Shipping
or.iti s in usually be borrowed
fioia the loi-;i! dealer while the
poulti men h;ive prepared the
it: . a t ions for a satisfactory
Th device should be two to
thrt-t- f . t w ide, three to four feet
lom: and b inches hii:h. ne end
ho il l h, m.ide into a slide door
similar to the end pate of a wagon
! ... In the top of the crate, near
th ornN r. should be a hinted door
abo'.it a foot square to permit the
oip.i'!iif!U imoal of the fowls.
Farm poultiy t'.ocks which are to
!e tulled shoubi be placed in the
l-.vi hii- th' night before- The
l.t-n itself should have ;i small
1. 11 door le! with the floor against
which the opm end of the catching
crato tan be s t. When ready to
cull, the worker can step into the
hous. open the small hen door and
driw a number of hens into the
catching crate. The end door of
the device is then dropped into
place and the worker has a crate
fall of bens ready for examination.
Complete plans of the crate may
h- obtained from county agricul
tural ag nts or direct from the de
partment of agriculture extension
at the unlersity.
Ten' bushels of grasshoppers were
captured in two hours on E. C.
Shireman's farm in Morgan county
by the use of a hopper dozer which
T. C. Cravens, county agricultural
agent, built in order to control a
serious outbreak of the pests. Con
tinued use of the device has result
ed in the eradication of hundreds of
thousands more of the insect.
Considerable damage has been
done on farms in Morgan county
this season by grasshoppers and
when thousands of them settled in !
a clover field on the Shireman farm j
east of Martinsville, it became ap-(
parent that immediate action was ,
necessary to prevent serious damage'
tr other fields in the community, j
The catcher is about 15 feet long
and six feet high. The upright part,
is covered by bright tin. At the
bottom of the upright section is a
trough leading into a big screened
cage at the back. Two horses were
used to pull the catch over the field
after the clover had been cut and at
times the pe.ts were so thick in
front of it that they presented the
appearance of a cloud. When the
cage is well tilled the hoppers are
killed with kerosene or similar
substance and then removed.
PROPER FI'KD NECESSARY
ix livkstock ritonucnox.
"It is not enough to eliminate the
inferior hire. Farmers must place
greater emphasis on the selection of
females in the herd. They must al
so keep in mind that while 'blood
will tell the old worn statement
that 'the corn crib cross is neces
sary' still applies. In other words,
farmers must give greater attention
to the more lineral feeding, study
and understanding of the relative
value of different kinds of feed and
various combinations in the ration "
Dean J. H. Skinner, Purdue uni-
Breeders of Holstein cattle in Lake
county are planning to take one and
possibly two car loads of their best
animals to compete in the dairy
show at the Indiana state fair at
Indianapolis the Ijrst week of Sep
tember. These men won several
championships at the fair last year
and are going hack this season to
better their records, if possible.
The a-ssociation had a float car
rying a pure-bred cow and four
calves in the Fourth of July parade
at Crown Point, and at the celebra
tion near there, sold Holstein milk
in a specially constructed booth.
The shovv will bo made by the Lake
County Holstein Breeders' association.
Garden Seeds Cow Peas Garden Tools Seed Corn Soy Beans Seed Pota
toes Spraying Material Feed Grinding.
GLOBE AUTOMOBILE TIRES FOR MORE MILES
Wesley filler Flour and Feed Go.
SEED WHEAT TREATING
RESULTS TO RE SHOWN
An interesting feature of the Hen
dricks county exhibit at the Indiana
state fair the first week in Septem
ber will be a display of wheat from
the farm of Guy Rushton. living
south of Danville. Mr. Rushton co
operated with County Agent R. E.
Arnett in treating enough seed
wheat to sow one field, using the hot
water method to control loose and
stinking smut. A small quantity of
the -wheat plants from the treated
field and another, the same size,
from an untreated field sown from
the same seed, will be arranged to
show 14 per cent, of the crop lost
on tho untreated field because of
the ravages of smut.
Announcements cf the National
dairy show to be held at Chicago
Oct. C to 12 inclusive have been sent
to the povernments of the states of
he world according to announce
ments which are being sent out by
the promoters of the show. Accord
ing to present Indication; a keen in
terest is developing and commis
sions are being appointed to rep
resent many counties.
P is usually assumed th.it her.s
I refer darkened rests m whirh t"
lay. h.ipnj-s m construction of
nests and a.-.- of r in lr. for
e'eaninc are of mu'h nvr im
portance, honi vi r. Tin1 "jii'-tin of
lU'Mne.-NS or darkr.-. :n th- n-sts
t-eemm to be mmr p"int sine
oren nr.ts ar-u.ed satisfactorily at
purdueunix ei sity x& w.II ab on mu.n
i:try alfalfa field should be
stat ted with a liberal dressing of
stable manure if possible and this
should bo reinforced with a hish
;:..!. phosphate. Experiments
haw- prowv! that manure is un
usually valuable in itratu. g alfalfa.
mim i it not only supplies the plant
food but also improves tht physical
ondition of the soil and facilitates
iLc lacocuUtinc process.
DAIRY COW MAKES IT EASY
TO FAUM IN" RIGHT MANNER. 1
The dairy cow makes it easy to
follow right methods of farming.
She utilizes crops which would have
no market value without her; she
utilizes waste lands and converts
these forages into food which the1
human race must have. She helps
to keep rich soils fertile and to
make poor soils rich. She' is a
vital force in the nation's welfare
because she provides a food essen
tial to health and proper develop
ment. She is the very foundation
of American agriculture and the
foster mother of the human ra:e."
A. J. Glover, editor, lIoard'&
THE GENERAL MOTORS CORPORATION, responsible
for such successes as the Buick, Cadillac, Oldsmobile automo
biles, announces a new member of its family
The Samson Tractor
Complete with automatic control and power take off. A pow
erful, rugged, two-three plow tractor, capable of pulling two
fourteen-inch plows at all times three fourteen-inch plows
under favorable conditions.
Will not kick up front or rear just pulls and pulls.
THE MOST TRACTOR FOR THE (tCGfl fin
MONEY IN THE WORLD 409U.UU
V. O. P. Janesvjlle
Sold in St. Joseph County by
226 SOUTH MICHIGAN ST.
Welf are Loan
In addition to the supervision which The Amer
ican League of Welfare Lo an Societies exercises
over The Welfare Loan Society, the state of In
diana under a recent law requires the society to
keep its books in a certain manner and requires
that it submit to examination of its books and
business by representatives of the state, similar to
the way that banks are regulated and examined.
Thus a double check is placed upon the business
and every phase of it made safe and conservative.
The Welfare Loan Society of South Bend is
now selling its 8 non-taxable security to those
people of the county vvho will be of benefit in
making it a success. The amount is limited and
those who assist in the start of this commendable
movement receive an additional share of the
common profits in excess of Qrr.
Those interested may receive further informa
ion by writing to South Bend Welfare Loan So
ciety, 523 J. M. S. Bldg.
(This s-cries of adverti.-t-mpr.1s is authorized by Th
Anurkün I.mcu'1 of Welfare I."an Societies, of uhich
The Welfare Loan SoUety of tfouth Bend is the only
lr.ember In St. Joseph County.)
i H'sJ J
iri'lA the Hatch-.
Rvi Ccmh Chick Mash wi'h
Dried Rurtcnr.jlk sve the L.i' v
chicki and prevents white durrlvi. i?
starts them to develop bisr, strums, healthy
nd vigorous hens f.r heavy Uyr..
with Dried Buttermilk
Is th mtxtt advanced
step in scer.t ific feed
ing for floater pro
duct ion. It is a perfect
balanced -rat ion in a
fern eaVly chested
I la!es &. Edwards Co,
For sale by
I. ( . n XKKI.TT. rir.ur
J(MJ N. Mrh!K:m St.. ( or
I i 1 1.
22C . ?'JIilan St.
THE PLANET JUNIOR
Axxd OüifT (iarilcn TN
World's Beat Clothe.
Corner Mich, arwl Wash. St.
I cor a C4irpc
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