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FLY AfTllTTVmil v n g in iL TR Wamäat Newspaper Woman, Slighted by Newspa per Men, Brought About Great Wom en's Organization. Started With Sorosis Club, and Proved the Adage "Great Oaks From Little Acorns Grow. f REAT oaks from little acornB i grow, and it is interesting to know that Sorosl3, the mother cf clubs, to whode initiative was due the formation of the General Fedora Ceil of Women's Clubs was inspired by a newspaper woman, Mrs. Jennie C. Croly, known to people of her time as Jennie June, one of the first and best of tho New York women press repre sentatives did not take very kindly to a woman among them, not that they did not recognize the superior ability of Mrs. Croly. But when it camo to &ny semi-social gathering of their own they left her out. Just as some press clubs have been known to do in later days, and died the death in conse quence. Charles Dickens, who had come to this country in tho late CO?, was to be dined and wined by the New York Pres3 Club, and Jennie June, who had a very great desire to meet him and wa3 more Focially prominent than most of her fellow-workers, was not Invited. She spoke to Mrs. Charlotte Wilbour and other women of the New York, of that day, declaring that the women should havo some sort of club that would be of equal Importance with the press club upon such occasions as the entertaining of celebrated authors. So In 1S63 the Sorosis Club of New York was born and twenty-one years after wards It was Eponsor for the General Federation, the number of women's clubs In this country at that time bav ins rown to eighty-seven. These first clubs wero very "select." O my, yes, and they would not tol erate newspaper reporters under any consideration. They always spoke of themselves as "ladies' and they were "genteel," a word very expressive in those days, and. goodness knows, ex pressive enough In these. Tho ladles met In one another's parlors and were for ths most part middle-aged, and women of social prominence, but with little education. They had a great thirst for laarning, howerer, wanted to "drink deep of tho Pierian" spring, their Idea of learning being things that had happened fo long ago, no living authority conld vouch for thm, per lonally. They wrote- "essays" on such sub jects as "Plato," "Dante," "On the Langnag of the Iroquois" and the "Trail of the- Saracen3 in Spain." En cyclopedias were in demand at the li braries, and when they deigned to in form the newspapers of thir "work" they copied whole pages from such books, giving tho lady to whom was assigned the essay, credit for the statements. The newspapers, edited by mm, of course, had great fun with the clubwomen and described their lit erary orgies what they accomplished as a "tempest in a teapot." Many men forbade th?lr wives to Join these htph-brow organizations, to which they referred as the "blue stocking" brigade. It was considered by those who could not get into the clubs as a shocking diversion for wom en to spend an hour twice a week list ening to talk about dead men. "The woman In tho homv' came into her own. and then wore shriek ings about the neglect of family and children. It was the man cf the family, how ever, who came to the rescue. He wanted his wife to take part in these meetings of the elect, in the "ben par lors" in town, and he urged his wife- to run for ofüce, helped i.er write her "essay" in fact in nine cases out of ten wrote them and only the discrun tled.lord3 of creation whose wives could not get in prowled about clubs. and you will find some of them doing to tv., vnvi.. v ' , n ei..ir, ',,.'..', ' . " 1 " young. ns:n? men ith pretty, popular wive?, were all for xx em-;i's dub?, just t. I V 1 -T rage t4i l" 1 aii lß? da fogies cry out against it. Those of us who attended the Mil- "r-" ll -"ul";"1 ""'"-'-wma; cne entire session was given to the press. Among the speakers was Miss Zora Gale, at that time cmr.ected with a Milwaukee rarer, ard its club ed- itor. and she made thing.; as cl. ar in her way to the f.-deration as Mrs. Cro- ly had done in h- r d. ... ar.d io one v-ld hvc come awai from that meet- r 0 1 MR.5. ing without having a higher ideal of x work that clubwomen should do. Miss Gale has featured clubwomen in her books, alwavs 1: livo cpirit Mr, ruilip N M her books, always in a fine construe- loore of St. Louia was tbe World's Fair president of the General Federation of Women's Clubs. a:;d she continued the work begun un- der the epoch-making regime cf Mrs. i.-eeer, ctnuaiizaxion 01 me ieaera- tion having been one cf the things for which Mrs. Decker and Mis. Moore had both worked. No one realized oetter than Mrs Decker and later Mrs. Moore the pow- er cf the press, anu it was during the administrations of th-ve two presi- dents ot the General Federation vi 'If f - v f. -.Ajar-, t v' ill r ..' 'A a. .;.- f ' - ; ' ' "' .'' v.-'. - ' '.f v' ' ' ' .... "i TMOMA5 G. RATCLIFFr Jl SiAA MßS. HFUßY II. F55 t'vi Women's Clubs that the rubllc first bfcame aware of the potential force within it that night be utilized for Fueh splendid effort in the cause cf humanity. The federation had passed the stage whcro Seif-Culture was considered the whole end of its existence; it had touched very gingerly during the sec- ond biennial" on such "subjects as civics and social economies; manual training for boys and encouragement of the kindergarten idea were considered as worthy of its attention, and it was at the third biennial that Sarah Piatt, aft- erwards Mrs. Decker, made a stirring address in which she called upon club- women to turn their attention to so- cial service work. "-a - ' .' .-.. f " -- ' " . ... ' -w ? V;- , " U.-'.:.vvi::''v v. " ' -'. x - V v i x i ''- - - c - vv-. y--'"S f : - N i L f ' . i:V'.:'.-.-?;-- fr.-- r. . - ' . . y'-j. i.;:- .f..: ' -S. . ' v . . ., " a4.--S.:1Vax .-, : . -. v .:: n ., MRS. j - . . ' v . 5 -..SSi. v:'v- L ' . - -a lilAt.-.-, ' A-" - m::mm:::' f 'AA : '. . Ar?, .A.-" A-A'V A' ,. x ; -:A-V" . A t . PRIC5: x MBS D1MIE5T.5.DENISON A. ET. fcEfTOrs The next biennial of the General Federation of Women's Clubs to be held in 192Q will be the fourteenth. The gospel of better babies has been them, sending them copies, with the Civil Service Committee has been ror Federation of Women's Clubs Is co promulgated by the General Federa- hope that they may be inspired to more women on school boards, a bill in aid operating In all the states with the Na- tion of Women's Clubs. Miss Julia La- tbrcp. secretary of the National Chil dren's Bureau, turned over the work cf caring for the babies to the state federations A noble work i? that of Mh-souii clubwomen is pushing club extension in the rural districts through a state endowment fund. Miss Marie Good- man stated at the last biennial that TS to 114 counties in Missouri had clubs and 36 were without. The department of civics and health is a very busy department, kxtpins in "' ' . -, . - Vi . . - Mß5. W. R. CHIVVI5 ' '. -;",?. ,. t f,: - ; ' v.. vv. 'Ss PHILIP N. MÜOR.E" : : f-.f , f ;: .A; 'A .,.A AAr.,.rr -r? rAAi iiS" .:A-; ' A:: A; cL ; ; V --A- -.1 -, A -AV..'-' ' v;.,A-.A r5'5, ,.a : -:a a-- . t . -.r. touch with the laws of the stiie in re- gard to health. They do not permit the officials to plead ignorance of effective work. These laws include all problems of health, with srerial rc- gard to the cleanliness of cities anu towns. The Conservation Committee spreads information in regard to tree planting, Arbor Day, forest laws and work for birds. Missouri is said to h.ve a bad name as far as its bird law3 in re- gard to migratory birds are concerned, During the last year the home econom- ics department concerned itself in a gener.il wav with the thrift problem:; of the war. and the Industrial and So- t . , i t ' &rtOTO H. FOX MS. W..D- 3TFELE" cial Conditions Committee devoted all its efforts to war and Red Cro s work. The work of the Legislative and cf vocational teaching as incorced by the State Teachers' Association, a bill granting a small appropriation for traveling expenses of county puperin- tendents, and the children's code bill has claimi the greatest attention cf late. Mrs. Gilbert Fox of St. Louis, state chairman has been frequently to Jefferson City and has dne good worr: on this committee Other work in w hich the Missouri State Federation is interested is a stat" hospital for cripples and a pension bill by which mothers may ktc their chil- tar . X -A i. i U' V-'" ' a A'- -' V: ;'.A":.A ' . - " -v' ?A :a V; ' . .. : f -N fHQTO Mß5. F. hf. ' LITTLER ELD .4 "':. V K : H t 1., V" rr..;,w- -V ' it 7f 15 . .vi M5. FRAMK P. HAV5 dren with th"m. and r.ndr heme in- Cuence while attending school, if too poor to fnprort them. The General tional Council of Women, of which Mrs. Philip N. Moore is the president, to obtain poM civil service laws. The Phoebe J. Ess scholarship fuJ lnds money to glrLs who wish to a- tend colleges or higher institutions cf learning.' At the last biennal Mrs. Ess reported that over fifty girls nave taken advantage o! th:s fund, and leans amounting to Sü.-lO h.xve he-en made, and r. doubt at this biennial an even larg r sum will b- reported. Many of th rt scholar ships lor this purt.