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THE SOUTH BEND NEWS-TIMES
SATURDAY AFTKIINOOX, N( 1:MIU:r S. 1 911 A GRICULTURE STOCK-RAISING ISSUE ORDER TO PERMITKILLING S Say Certain Species Are Seri ously Injurious to Agricul tural Interests. WASHINGTON. r. C. Nov. 7. Th- .v'Cr-t;i ry r agriculture ha ii-vH-.l ;m orMrr, i rrr. ittintr tho shoot ing -r trapping or k re has. loon L'liIT r r , I trrtii; tit prL'iin.t r rmil ri'f. I . ... . ... ! tain spe.;,s of tho heron family, in-. rl-jdinic the bittern, re.it blue heron, i.!.. 1. 1 a'trM iv. 11 t'.it r.r-. v...ii 1. lark-crowned niKht heron by own- -r superintendents and bona fide employes of public or private fi.-da halcherie.i throughout the United S-'tates and Alaska where ttiee birds rc Injurious to and destructive of !hes at the hatcheries. All of the above-nalned birds ar fr'iven protection under the Migra tory Iiird Treaty act, approved by the .resident July 2, IMS, but the .secretary of airirulture may per mit them to be killed when upon in vestigation, thv ari found to be .seriously injurious to agricultural or frr thf. f;tirwav ,,tl t anfl Cana. other interns. Affr thorough In- ,., uyv Mu,r f(jr xcstLations at a number of tlit raI lawn txnans am, faIrwaya of hatcheries in xarious sections of thcfg0j roijrv.rs country, 11 was conciuu:;u uhi pro- 1 teeuon again.t these birds was ne e--ary ior me r-reher a won 01 me . i i .v., T fishes at the. hatcheries. (nlcr Is Definite. The order is "ery definite and Provides that every bird killed or trapped pursuant to the permission contained therein and every part ef Mich bird, including the plumtnage and feather, shall he totally de stroyed as promptly as possible, and .hall not be possessed, transported, fr shipped in any manner outside of the grounds and wateru of the hatchery where killed or trapped, except for the purpose of destruc tion, provided that such birds or parts thereof may be shipped or 1 ranported k a -ift to public mu heums and public scientific anI edu- at.onal institutions. Provision iJ made that all packages containing sioeh birds or parts thereof yo ship ped or transported shall be clearly marked, so that the name and ad-lre--s of the shipper and the nature of the contents may be readily as- rtained on an inspection of the C'Ut"ide thereof. NEWS FROM HERE AND THERE IN INDIANA Investigations math by K. M. CJil :!. Marion county ntrricultural :rt,'nt. have rdiown that Hessian tly 1m attacked wheat sown before the !:v:... da;p for that sectiOn of the f ' ale. The week f ict. 1.",-1R was o-b-rfl in Pavicss county as Seed i'"rn w k. Kat h school student in the county who is taking agriculture w.:s requind to select cars of s .itab!c seed corn and store it prej r'.v as "part of the agricultural oure. This plan n.i-s workeii by lli' count azent and supcrintcn tU nt of schools. fr.ur of orchard, m Marion crninty recently 0i'H''ed that those vliirh have been fertilized and prop- r! cared for produced a good crop t f n uit in spite of the April frost. Farmers in two townships in Mi ptr.i county will cocpi rati- in buy. inc limestone crushers 1 i nvy-tone, outcnq'Pin c4 t Of crush which ae bcn found In several districts tn er the county. Farmers in Floyd county who v. ere prevented from sow ing the ir vheat between "set. Ö and lö. the J'y-free period for that section of he täte, cintinued to sow wheat vr.tü Nv. 1. Beekeeper? of Fountain county c-rgapized a county association for the purpose of combatting American foul breed, a ontagious disease v hich has wrought h ivoc in many 1 i.pairles throughout the state. The Orange Count Farmers' as- ftM-i.ition ha" appointed stamlin? committee for the ear on pubicity, l..arketin.r. good ruad, home even r raic. eed improv mnt. livestock p. tut diirir.g. Thc committees co- r-peratinfT with the county absent, w w ork our derlnite plans to be fed lowed in all the lines. HESSIAN FLY NEARLY RUINS EARLY WHEAT B 'raus. e onditior.: of and i.i cr.i weither the va- standing i:p nicely, permitting 1 easy sow ins:, ina:;y St. Jo.rph eoun - j t v farmers sow ed thei- v. heat d 1 arly thai it w a 1 the Hessian f'. P.v d-imaed bv Norrie t,t!d sow n I im. 1 were it.-I ;!most as lal" cleil piore e 1. .-. , lloe '.e infection a.i ;i. 1 eon .own o er. ur . me. r.ris ;i.svi. I'ltted by a sp (; t'.i: : thorough, ' mlnat lorn. Farmers Trust I'.'.'.j. Hours . to 11, : to T. and ,T W 7auc-s. How to Make o. A 500 Pound Tractor .-.-.rtirf -. - ,' Hurt I i i fc "The velvet lawns of England are the Hriton'M pride, but Americans in list, r -member if we vnuM have 'swell lawns that our foreign cousins fverai nun. ireu years tne start f us ani, k takM Urm. (f mak a real lawn. Anv rrm.mls keor.er wm ,thout unremittinK labor, and intel - I therefore if one man can do the work of two we will have more and better lawns. "The best turf grasses, according to IMper iSL- Oakley, are the Creeping Bent, which is a very tine prr;ss for putting preens in the north, although the Velvet Bent is sometimes pre ferred. The Rhode Island Bent is slightly coarser and darker, and Med Fesfjuf. is sometimes ;i favorite. "The Kentucky blue grass if kept closely cropped is som-times used I for irreens. but if !m mnn tniiiKio "(?rass should not be cut too short jand therefore must, in the growing ons ... ..... ,nr fr,.,,,,.,,,.!,. ays Air. John I . IVters. a Chicago tractor expert. "It has been the study of engineers to devise some way to mow a lawn rapidly and inexpensive ly. In spring and fall when the ground is wet and soggy the horse mowers cannot well be used because the imprint of the horses' feet le-.ivcs the round hummock-. IT you have SELECT SEED AT Purdue Extension Depart ment Advises Securing Well-matured Corn. Now that it is tco late lor farmers to advantageously select their seed corn in the best way from the stand ing stalk specialists in the soils and C rops Oivision of the Purdue Exten sion department are advising that the net best thing be done which is to select bet ears at husking time. The ear which is selected should be one that is well matured as well as of good size. The stulk hold ing the ear should be strong and healthy, with evidence of goodleaf and root development. The ear should be carried at a conveni ent height on the- stalk. The shank should not Im broken and should be held securely. A broken shank is ordinarily a sign ot disease and should b" carefully guarded against. Kxtreme droughts in some sec tions of the statt- during the past season have, to a certain degree, dwarfed the ear. Past experiences at Purdue have shown that where a good type of corn was dwarfed by a elry season, se ed select! d from it preuluced the original good type if corn the following year, if conditions were favorable. Platv of Stera2i The- pla;-e u-ed for seed corn stor age varies with the local conditions. but for the average, crib with a garret a double corn fix d over the driveway is an idea place for stor- j A free circulation of the air , i ordinarily present under the se ' conditions and a through drying of the ears is soon brought about. The attic of the home or the granary are other places that may he used for the storage of seel corn, but care should be exercised in the use of the.e places to see that proper ventilation is provided. Most any method of dryint: the ' corn is practical where it is stored i 1 in a elry place and has a free cir- j cul.ttion of air at ordinary tempera-j turc. Probably one o. the most j practical methods is laying the ears 1 on two pieces of binder twine, cross-- j ing the 1 unl each time after laying . r- .' one ear in juace. 1 ne- ears snoum tu i t vii1i frt & 1 nnthiT :i Titl thr hn t f. ... . v, --.-.i onH Tor; to ears may be placed time. on each string. I'.m. ef Hacks. Wire racks with both horizontal ami vertical stiands. thus putting HUSKINe TIMEjABOUTJCOMP 1 ut that ce rnieacii ear into a sort of pigeonhole. ire practical tiid may be purchased - ' na n asnrb::ic pric e. Driving" ypiKe at an angle through a. board placing the e-ar over the spikes, hi-tt tirst. hr.s proven a very etticient n.eihod. Ketainlng the buck on the- r . i f t r it is draw n back and har.g- irt,- the t-nr frot-i the rafter ha? KUe:i goeel i Mill?. Aftrr the torn has been throuch- ly dried, the low temperatures illj nt injure it. but precaution against j Beautiful Lawn Better Than Horses. M1 t ' -1 v ever noticed a bop you will realize what the trampincr of cattle has done in swamp mud. "This is true of the surface of our j lawns in parks. cemeteries. KOjf iPfl.,rv1 flr,i nnb1if crnunds. and it is j alm'st imposiiblo without the use of h. m-i.r -hh i n much ex- . t. . 1.' .. .1.. 1 k and level The ordinary tractor .oauay lanmi wn ira..6Fu. too heavv for the work and hence, Unless the available open-top cars. j many of which normally lie idle in not economical. i ; . a . , iv The superintendent of the park f "inter, are utilized in that board of Minneapolis has made sl , nlack soyon the work which can bo test with a sma p(,trnn I'irden tractor equipped with three ::u-inch mowers and a team equipped with mowers of similar width. The results were that the tractor cut in 3 ai hoars what it took the team si hours to cut. He estimates that the horse outfit cost him i a day of eight hours while the tractor cost for the same time M.r.5. He says also that he can work his tractor 1ö hours a day if he chooses, and be sides the expense of maintaining the horses is just about as great each day they are not working, while the expense of the tractor stops. "If one skillful man could be so equipped with powr mowers, h? could take entire charge of a golf course and keep the fairway in prime condition. "It is hardly fair to penalize ama teur players by having long grass in which they lose their balls. I play for no cups and b.se more balls than anybody. Tret's cut the grasd and keep it cut. S Wet Weather Delays Late Work on Some Indiana Farm Lands. Practically all wheat to he sowed in Indiana this year now is in the ground, later sewing being aban doned because of the wet weather, accortling to the cooperative crep reporting service, a union ef state 1 and federal oflice-s, whose bulletin eevering crop conditions for tho wet'k eneling Saturday follows: "Farm work in Indiana has been at a standstill practically all week in the southern part of Ihe state on acceiunt of heavy rains and Moods and in the north part but little work was accomplished. In some of the southern crmnties much dam age was done by flood in the lower Wabash ... 'jpocianj'l river valleys. "Corn husking progressed very slowly on account of the wet weather. Yields continued to run about as forecasted in previous re ports with the best returns from the eastern part of the state. The entire crop was matured this year with practically ne frost 1 a mage. "Wheat set eling that was not om pleted last week in some of the southern counties will now be aban doned because of the lateness of the season and the wet condition of the soil. Reports of Hessian tly in the early sown wheat are tVcominir quite general, although the general appearance of thrt crop is excellent, live Mnks Irogres. Hye is making" good growth and looks c client. The acreage seems to be somewhat larger this year than usual. "Su.rar beets are being hareste-.l where soil cemditions will permit with yields running above the av erage. The quality is excellent. 'The truck crop larve;t is now completed- "The sweet potato crop is fair to ' excellent in quality and yield v.hil the white potatoes are the reverse ; w ith the harvest progressing very, , slowly. ( "Young clover and other grasses sown this year are in excellent con- t ; dition and have .1 very favorable i start to go inte the winter. The I clover seed yield was the most dis j Pting "vera! years ioiacce is curing nicely and a little has already been seld at ex tremely high prices. Markets gen erally will open about Dec. 1Z. "The Ir.diana apple show opened Nov. 4, with one of the best display in recent years notwith- standing the state produced one of 1 its smallest crops. "Keccnt rains and warn weather I have put pastures In excellent con dition and they arc now supplying ti sumcient quantity c-f feed." WHEATSOWN St- Joseph Valley Chapter of Am erican Association of Engineers will have a meeting Tuesday. Nov. 11, 7:30 p. m.. room -jl9 Main Hldg.. at Notre Dame. Mr. J. N. Toyne will W the speaker for the evening. 3347-1. 1820T0 SETROAD 1 ftPR-PnR Ju LU ab iLuUnL Nearly Billion and a Half Available For Hard Sur face Highways. WASHINGTON'. D. C. Nov. 7. "While the expenditure during 1019 for hard-surface highways, accord ing to estimates of the bureau of public roads of the United States de partment of agriculture, will set a new record with a total of $ 1 38.000-.-J00, this tisure is s-mall in comparl- ' son with the computed available to tal ror i?:'o or 50:5.5. ouu.uul', tne ' P-ndlr.p of which promises to be ! dependent chiefly on the quantity of 1 materials and the present limited materials and the present ooiie aiii neces.vauiy oe tuiuii: im lack of materials. Th total for l'j2o is more than four times the amount that has been expended eluring any previous year for like purposes. Therefore there must bo a tremenel ous Increase not only in the material supplies and shipping facilities but .also in the labor supply, and an en largement of contractors' organiza tions. Should Ship Karly. First of all, according 'to Thomas II. MacDonald, chief of the bureau of public roads, the attention of all state, county, anj .city road-building interests shoulel be directed to ward overcoming this car shortage. To this enel It is recommended that the shipping of materials begin ear lier than usual. The lirst step in accomplishing, this Mr. MacDonald points out.Ws to place uneler con tract during December and January as great a mileage of roads as pos sible. It has been customary to wait un til contractors' organizations were ready to begin work before starting the shipment of material. Under these, conditions many thousands of open-top cars lie idle duri g the lat ter part of Fe-bruary, all ef March and the earlier part of April. Dur ing Hie past spring the number of cpen-top cars that were idle totaled 250,00 0. This, of course, was partly un avoidable owing to the late date at which work got under way, follow ing the signing of the armistice. liy awarding contracts as early as pos sible, e.-ontracters will be able to as certain their material requirements at different points, and so will be in position to place orelers dependent on rail transportation a considerable time in advance. While the placing of material in storage, which may result from such a course, involves some expense, it will be small compared te the4 loss that will result if contractors arc not in a position to go ahead with the work because of lack of ma terials. In view of the experience of 191? and the greatly increased pro gram for next year, it seems prob able, according to the bureau of pub lic roads, that contracts which are not awarded eluring the winter months will have little opportunity for being supplied with materials which require rail transportation. FARMERS TEAMWORK UHtUKS HUÜ UnULfcnA Through the team work of Miami county farmers, hog cholera, which appeared in several localities hr. been stamped out on the farm j where it started. The outbreaks cholera were reported to the county agent and he. with the locsl govern ment veterinarian, visited the places, quarantined the farms, and this work, coupled with vaccination and cleaning up of the premises stopped the chedera almost before it was started. hkssi.w i'lv ppi:.ns. Hessian Fly has made its appear ance on a large number of Miami county farms because of the wheat being sown too early. County Agent H. K. Ackerson reports. Considera ble damage has been done as a re sult of the early sowinc of th' wheat. THE ECONOMIC EGG-MAKER rD Cnb Math FW i complete err- iv cakin nticn zzd i3 backed by ynrs ci iatisfactory results the country over. Red Comb Mash Feed brings increased egg yield ct fctr viI jp to you beciusc i: nukes niTural layer of your flock. Heavy feed Uxi-f farce tha ess weaken the ben ar.d ia roost instacce stmt her future eti-croc' udr.c poorer. Feed ihm Mash Feed with Rd Cmi SrmtcK F4 tot rreatest results. Ntasuitctured by lUld t Edwards Co.. Chicago. For sale by I. C. IIAKKITTT, Flour A feed 306 N. .Mich. .St., Cer. LaSallc WEEKLY GENERAL CROP NOTES California: Seeding of winter grain, especially in the interior val leys and in the southern section, is being delayed by lack of moisture Colorado: Conditions favorable for farm work such as harvesting, but tynii is too dry for plowing and the seeding of Fmall grains. Thresh ing still making about normal prog ress. Pelaware: Nearly ill grain seed ed and much of it up and in good shape. Georgia: All growing crops have deteriorated elue to lack of mois ture, except in a belt across the northern part of the state. Iowa: General conditions favora ble for farm work. Louisiana: Fields are in fine con dition for fall plowing and seeding, and plowing is making good prog ress where labor is adequate. Michigan: Conditions favorable for fall sown crops. Minnesota: Fall plowing has been making good progress. All farm work stopped the last part of the week by snow. North Dakota: All crop thresh ed. Plowing held up temporarily by four to six inches of snow, but snow moisture will greatly improve plowing conditions with the proba ble return of mild weather in a few days. New Jersey: Farm operations delayed somewhat by unsettled weather conditions. Newly seeded grains benefited by the recent Mexico: Harvesting and fall plowing progressing rapidly. Nevada: No changes in condi tion the past week. Pennsylvania: Farm operations somewhat delayed by unsettled weather. Newly seeded winter grains are growing nicely. South Dakota: Fall plowing is progressing satisfactorily- Tennessee: Very little farm work being done due to the past two weeks of continued rains. Texas: All crops damaged, es pecially in the lowlands, where some were washed completely away by the heavy rains. The irrigated Pecos section ejf western Texas is producing fine crops this year, and in greater variety, long staple cot ton, alfalfa, grain sorghums and a armtirs Bellevue Manure Spreaders are not made of wood. See one now. You will want it. Wesley-Miller Flour Feed Company 420 South ESS P ractice Putting on- WEED in ihe It only takes a few moments to attach them when you know how. No jack required. Study the directions. Practice makes perfect. No danger of injury to tires. THE careful driver regularly gives his car "the once over" every few days before he takes it out of the garage. He gives a turn or two to the grease cups tests out the brakes, sees that there is a sufficient supply of oil, water and gasoline and that the batteries are in good condition, etc By so doing he is assured, barring accidents, that he will have no trouble on the road. But HOW few there are that pay the slightest attention to the proper method of attaching Weed Tire Chains Rain comes on, the road and pavements sud denly become slippery and treacherous the car slips or skids the Weed Chains, carried in nearly every tool box, arc hauled out and a hundred to one the driver has only a hazy idea how to attach them. He fumbles around, gets hot under the collar and falsely accuses them of being a nuisance. Women drivers are very numerous nowadays. They are driving out into the country over all sorts of roads they surely need protection against the dangerous skid. How many of them know how to put on Weed Chains? Have you ever instructed your wife, your sister or your daughter. The directions for attaching Weed Chains are simple yet most important. Avoid AMERICAN j little broom corn being the. most im I nnrtant one Utah: Conditions were generally favorable for tall work. Virginia: Harvesting. seedinc and husking interrupted by rain which gTeatly benefited gmwing crops, however. Being unable to work on farms, tobacco growers rushed crop to markets. PREVENT INJURY TO TREES IS WARNING! Owners of orchards, especially young ones .should be on the look out for mice at this season and do everything possible to prevent the damage" that is done each year by this terlous pest of young trees, is the warning that is being issued by the Horticultural Division of the De partment of Agricultural Fxtension. Purdue university. According to C. L. Hurkholder of this department, the mice are infesting the orchards earlier this year than usual and the greatest damage done seems to be j to those three located in clover or j those that have been mulched w ith straw, clover or alfalfa. 1 A protection for the trees may be ! provide J by placing ordinary door I t screen or galvanized wire mesh ' I. .... ... .i laoout tne nasc. isuaiiy. however, it' is emly necessary to remove the J weeds, grass or mulch around the body of the tree and the mice will j leave the vicinity. If this is done, j each tree should haw about five I or six j hovels full of dirt mounded j around its base. Thjs simple rem edy will not only keep away the mice, but will alse strengthen the tree's resistance to the high of fall and winter. winds COUNTY SWINE BREEDERS SEE NECESSITY OF FEED The fctarke County Swine Breed ers' association recently helel its first annual hog sale, disposing of 49 head to men In that and sur rounelini? counties, one sow selling for $17(i, the top price of the sale. The sab? showed the value of get ting better hogs distributed throughout the county and also that if suitable prices are to be ob taineel for pure-breds they must be properly grown, must have plenty of length and size, .necessitating J proper feeeling. The breeders who; had animals consigned are planning to overcome these points and next year they expect a bigger sale than ever- Attenti & Michigan St. J; i flu '-Jini Jill i I 'Mi Gaca I'rrr-pJfl Ii CHAIN COMPANY, BRIDGEPORT Largest Chain Manufacturers in the World The Complete Chain Line All Types, All Sizes, All Finishes From Plumbers Safety Chain to Ships Anchor Chain t General Sales Office : Grand Central Terminal, .Jew York City District Sales Of.ces: Boston Chicago Philadelphia Pittsburg Portland. Or. San Francisco Charles and Company 114 South Michigan Street Blankets and Comforters To the hundreds of thrifty housewives who know what splendid economies are to be found in our blanket section. ' Large purchases made months ahead in anticipation of the rising prices make pos sible savings that make it wise to supply your needs for the winter at this time. .1 S m Gray Cotton Blankets, size 45x72, with pink and blue borders. Special $1.95 Cotton Blankets, size 64 x80, in gray, tan and white with pink and l lue bordeis. Specially priced $2.50 Cotton Blankets, gray, tan and white with blue, pink and tan borders, size 68x80. Specially priced at $2.75 Nashua Woolnap Blan kets, fine heavy quality, in gray, blue, pink and tan plaids, size 64x76. Spe cially priced $4.75 Nashua Woolnap Blan kets, in colored plaids, size 66x80. Specially priced at $5.95 Wool Blankets in a va riety of dainty plaids, size 66x80 at $9.00; 68x80 at $9.50 Heavy "Swansdown" Blankets, size 66x80, in plain gray with pink and blue borders and pretty plaids with overcast edge. Specially priced ....$3.95 USE NEWS-TlfiiES WANT ADS .:.". Iii i ii id , " n . i I- w-iJ ,r- r"- r- i w - m r- r, annoyances on the road learn how easy it is to put them on correctly practice in the garage and give the women instruction. It will amply repay you in security, satisfaction and comfort. Printed instructions for attaching Weed Chains are packed in every bag If you desire a copy write us and we will gladly mail it to you. Weed Chains are also made to meet the demand for an efficient traction and anti-skid device for trucks equipped with single and dual solid tires or with the very large pneu matic tires. They are so constructed that they satisfactorily meet the requirements of heavy truck service in mud, sand or snow. INC. CONNECTICUT Sax Extra heavy "Swans down" Blankets, size 72j; 80, with bound edges, in gray with pink and blue borders. Specially priced at $4.95 Extra heavy "Swar.? down" blankets, in dainty blue, gray, pink, lavender and gold plaid. Specially priced $5.95 Extra heavy "Swans down" Blankets, size 74x80, with bound edges in blue, tan, lavender, gray and pink plaids. Specially priced at $6.95 Warewcll Comforters Comforters filled with white carded cotton felt, guaranteed sanitary and th oroughly clean, in variety of patterns and colors. Size 72x76. Specially priced at $2.75 Size 72x84, specially priced at $2.95 Good heavy quality Comfoiters filled with san itary cotton, and silkoline covering. Specially priced at $4.49, $4.75, $5.00, $5.95 and $6.50 --r. AVI .'V : '.., y ' - V Observe these three fundamental: Lay chains otr wheel with hooks toward rear, and tuck the lack ender front part of wheel. t i i . Ii I " i r i ; 1 r I i j 4 i ! Start car forward jmt enoujh run orer slack ends. Hook chains as tightly is possible by hand. Do Sot Arxkor i freizinir should be taken throughout the winter for far that all the moisture has not lft thm ear.