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5ATTRDAY MOTIVING. SKITr.Mnr.U IS. 1020.
INFORMATION FOR FARMERS AND ORCHARD1STS SOW WHEAT LATE TO AVOID DAMAGE FROM HESSIAN FLY HORTICULTURISTS TO HOLD SHOW HERE SEPT. 23-24 EXPLAINS HOW TO TREAT SEED WHEAT PROPER WHEAT PLANTING DATES BEFORE PLANTING: Worker? Estimate Loss of Mil lions During Past Year Due to Disease. Disnlav of Fruit and Vege- Experts Give Advice in How- tables to be Shown at Chamber of Commerce. to Avoid Dangerous Di: eases. THE SOUTH BEND NEWS-TIMES AGRICULTURE USTOCK-RAISING k r- i "-ft B-HiBiini nuwJHgr Iii m$k litei if u km I TlrpiTn fly damage to thr "wheat crop hnrvrt-'l during tho paf-t utn rr.rr r cyt farmers of tho Ftat" ", Tr.'Oi, arordlr.K to tirr.aUs of Turduo university workers, foilow :n,r oxtrnf.ve lnvot!?at;o::s through out the dato. Thi ii7 less rnn he r -Ilrr.ir.rit ti jrtty largely if thn whf-it H soun after th "fly-fre" laus, or d;es whirl; experimental "rk ha shown that the fly Join r.i'l attack. whf.lt. This "fly-fre:" dato varies in In i;ana from tho third wo-k In ?ci-mhr-r I;: the extreme northern end f the Ftatn to the t-frnnd wpk of fu tolirr in th pom thorn end. On the rprln;r nt fetation prouni at I 'lfayotto, the hfst rt mit havr been ohtainrd by !'-! i r; during the last wek In Frptombr. usually from Srt. 2 to the i'Sth. About one lay earlier should ho rountrd for i ;i-h fn mile- north or biuth of this latitude. When thore is Ko.ian fly in the r.f ishborhood, it is advisable ti de lay scdin a,s late as possible. LwUo yct-dint? will often escape, fly dam age whrr rarly needing would b badly inf?tcd, th Purdue men point out However, thero is a practical limit, to the latency of M-edinj,. It must not 1 o so late as to put the wheat into poor winter Condition. Good fertilization - specially Important to hasten the development of late seeded wheat. In order to ejbtain the advantage of late mowing in tihtln the fly, It is necessary fr real cooperation to 'C shown and for all the farmers in one neithborhod to ?ow after the "fly-free" date. If one field is sown early and th' fly attacks this field, it will ypread later to other fields in the neighborhood and may Infect ali of them. T. B. CAUSES BIG LOSS WITH ANIMALS Tuberculosis Is th wrrst fnrmy f cattle, ho;s and chickens, and I-stros mcr1 food than any other aT'inl'ng to Ir.s. I. Z. Kisin and i. II. Hobtrts of the Mterinary department of Turduo 1 n i vfrsit y. "attle arc the sources from which the dinease is Hpread, especially to T 1 1 family. Hoi; fed milk from an infected dairy herd and onder- p;'stenrizd dairy products, or hojjs f llnwirm' feeder cattle Hufferinij from the plague, will invariably o-.ntr.if t tho dist'a.v, according to a pamphlet by th two veterinarians, recently iued by the department of agricultural extension of I'urduo university. "Therefore. If tuberculosis ran lw iiniin.it'Ml from tho rattle industry t appears that tho foundation of animal tuberculosis will have been r tuov-l." fays the bulletin. "Mil- lloiis of dollars are lost every year by the producers and feeders of rat tl and the hog forden because of the prevalence r.f this disfa?v. 'Miik from n tuhorcular dairy herd is d ar.cerou.i for human con sumption. Children arc specially prone to contract the infection from milk. It 1 not necessary for tho ul- ! r to he diseased in order to find the icrrm of tuberculosis in the milk. The bacilli will pass out Thr-uph body excretions and fall or Mow into the milk with particles of dust or hair during tho process of milkinsr." The veterinarian? urge that all nn at bo inspec ted by federal in .p. etors and if not free from tuber- Play Work Home The News-Times School Department Edited by Elisabeth Steele. The Boys' and Girls' Daily Messenger Girls9 Debating Club Has Ten New Members Ten new members were voted int The Cirls Tebat:ng c'.ub of the South Bend high school at a speciil veetin held Thursday afternoon T'c.e list cf new m mb rs includes Matilda Christman. Itachael Apple rnan. Mary Tav'or. Fb'r nee John-.-e:i. Bessin s;tol.t Kuth Strom. Catherine Reester. Pauline Jellison, M iry Warner nd Ia'.'ian Pi kerel. The club will hold a pothp U sup tm r at the honv of the president, l.ueile Tahrr. Monday evening. GIKLHOOD STORIES OF FAMOUS "vTOMEN Florence' Nightingale. An obi shepht rd was xrving to pet hi.'j sheep tccether, but lie s. r.-!td to be having a hard time. Little Florence, who was driving past with the vicar, stopped and ask d him. where his faithtu' dog was. "Poor old Cap." he said T must h;tr.g him tonUht. for the boys threw a stor.t at him and broke h:s Wg." "Oh. don't hir.g him," cried the ".:Cle jrirl. "Come, lei's le-k ;tt him." and they all went into the house fhc vicar found that th- hg v as . rot broker, and sabl it r.e dt d I a -.j careful t;ursing. "o the little mr! .it up all night and bathed tlve poor rwollen leg with hot water, sair:e th- dogs life. When she crw up. Floren c ; 'htingale divottd her life to nurs ik people, i-speciatiy wounded F:.t!iC:i s'-ldicr. a ho fou'ht in tlu 'riuo-an v ar. She was the founder ? th- Bod Cro.-s organization and tr.-. vr, lJtjt nure in history. i:v MVhic assistant. M.ss F.y.im.r Larsh Che.vtnt.c. Wv !ng. lias t.";k:; the place of Ml 1 'i'-ile Sr:c i r. th' former as lÄAnt in the music department. l j Tur,rr ' TTimhi ' T-Ty ! j P'Ltlstl ' " llmt 4 I hs' ) i : I I mJ Mi I U 1 I ; 1 rJ ?-vf - r ,J , l . ; , "7f j j f . ' S'J 1 , 1 . no torn i , I f I tt- y i j4i. 1 1 'l j . fftfn ; r I i j-". J ! i ip "o jm.'mM j rr wo I l i" ' I I rj rjk I ' , g'r'f I. , t.J A - rr - r j S j - iTlj INDIANA L -n... - The abovo cut issued by T R. I Johnston, assistant county acrent leader at Purdue university, for the News-Times shows the dates which wheat experts consider th bes't in avoiding the Hessian fly. Many re ports from various sources have beer, published during the past few weeks, but this is the first authenti- culosis it will be discarded. Tuberculosis in poultry is espe cially destructive ami in ty almost wipe out a flock in on season. If the flock is known to be tuberculous the hirdy should he disposed of si at not to spread th Infection to other flocks. All birds should be killed and their carcasses burned. The apparently hfalthy bird could bo used for human food if the car casses were inspected by someone able to detect the tubercular condi tion. After th diseased flock has ben removed, the houses and yards should be thoroughly cleaned and all litter and droppings should be burned and the inUiior of the house disinfected. If possible, the in terior of the house, yard, and run ways rhouUl be exposed to direct sunliuht for two months before placing any healthy birds in them. Then care shop! be exercised to ob tain breeding stock from healthy flocks. Thld leaflet may be obtained free from the department of agricultural extension upon request. COMFORTABLE HEN PAYS MORE SAYS POULTRY EXPERT "A hen that is comfortable and happy is undoubtedly more profit able than one that is uncomfort able." This statement, by a poultry man, is the theme of a circular which has just been Issued. According to the circular, a poul try house should meet at least six Sclund Vdl. (Make up a yell and send it in.) Hiftity, rirtity. rif. raf, Chimty. chittUy. chif, chaf, Kif, r.tf, chif, chaf. L-t's "ivo 'em the horse laugh AH 1 1 -II h h STUDY An Idea Ivxk. Isn't it provoking to see the boy j across the aisle busily writing the fccond p.ige ot his theme while you . sit chewing your pencil, drawing lit- .1. : .... . . .... . L . . ri . . . , lie piciuits (Mi i lie in 1 1 r. n -i i ne i Iaper, writing a few different sen tences, but without any id, a taat you can work into u rtal goed theme .' T.I - - TV ic I that they are likely to come at the wrong t:rne. Try keeping an idea page in your notebook. When jou happen to think of some unusually i coed hunch for a story write it f down there. It may come to you as I a result of some game played at re- cos. Maybe it will be a remark I made by Pad at dinner. Maybe it will be a dream authors have dr. ann-d the plots of stories. Write these ideas down. They are your ow- and your own are a whole lot better than orn s that you may "borrow" from some bock you have on your desk. OLD LADY RIDDLE j Which are the lightest men, 1 Irishmen. Scotchmen or Fnglish j m en? (Answer t-' yesterday's: The I (Jermuns are like u'ininc and ol I liver oil because they are Teutonic 1 (two tcoicj, information issued by men who Know. arcoruin n vnuniy .-m-ai Bird w ho is visiting in Wisconsin on a two weeks leave even a leatr date than is shown on the chart will aid the farmers of the county in the licht to eliminate the Hessian fly which cause several thousand dol lars worth of damage to last year's wheat crop. requirements. These ar: fresh air, sin lis;ht, dryness, no draughts, low cost and durability. Detailed f lans of several different typ-s of houses which meet these requirements ar. then given in such .i way as to make it possible for 1 1 i - average fanner to construct a house which will fit his own particular need.". Special atentlon is friven to the in Side construction of tho house so as to tfet the proper ventilation. li.rht and protection from cold and draughts. Anions the most important thinjes in the construction of the poultry house are tho interior fixtures and arrangements for upon these depend the amount of labor required by the attendant and the immediate com fort of the fowls. A pround plan is shown in the circular giving the proper location of the nests, roosts anil platform. A special featuro of the circular is the plan of a. slatted platform for holdirur the hoppers and water pans. This platform i placed alons tho side wall of the housf and is especially valuable in keeping the vessels clean and allow ing the birds to use the floor space. A metal trough covered with wood en f.Iats is recommended for water ing the birds where running water !s available, liy this means a steady flow of fresh water can he supplied and the amount controlled by an au tomatic cut-off or by merely per mitting an overflow through an out let pipe. The construction of boh outdoor and indoor feed hoppers is also ex plained in the circular. Details of construction together with the, draw ings for several different kinds are civen. School Study Sports DePauiv Scholarships For Three IL S: Students Three scholarships to DePauw university have been awarded to students of the South Bend high sehoi. Henry Davis received an honor scholarship on recommenda tion and Neil and Fred Schwanz were awarded scholarships for gen eral excellence. Mr. Hoover of Chi cago, has created an endowment fund for the university to be used for 100 scholarships each year. OLD MAN PUZZLE A South American Revolutionist, in New York to buy was supplies, secretly, cabled back the following message to his commander: Satin heels, inner plaits, princess ! caringy, dips, talcum, opals; dancer alert yesterday. Number 31. Ho-hol" laughed the operator as he sent the message, "here is a cipher and the key is given." The real message contains only four words. Can you read it? (Answer to today's: Ten airplanes shipped today ad the third then the tirst letters of each word.) (Answer to vesterday Ü -V-A-Li V-A-I-K A-L.-M-A LL-A-F s.) Fau! Ivory Perkins, seven-year-old colored lad, who believes he is the jouiißest preacher in the world, recently conducted special services in the Calvary Baptist church. Milwau kee, Wis., coming from Chicago to occupy the pulpit. Paul is a member of the St. John Hjptist church, Chicago, and ha-s done street preaching in Chicago. His preaching is always extempor aneous. He seems perfectly familiar with the bible. H is i'ssislod in his work by his mother, Mrs. I Perkins, and by his brother, Janus What promises to be the biggest and Lett vegetable and lruit show in inaiara will be held fcept. -J io undtr the auspices ot the St. Jo st pn County j lurticulturu.1 society i at tue LlumlJtr ot Commerce ouitu- ing. inu tntr:e3 ana exhibition win buin be lice and are lor thee pur pose of stimulating iiuerebl in the Horticultural lines for which the, tounty has been noted, in the put. At the present time many ot tue fruit growers have nut been provid ed wnn an opportunity to display their produce to the public and tins will alford. an excellent opportunity. fcince the Jvjutti iJend district pro vides thousands of bushels of fruits and vegetables for Chicago markets few people rtalizo tho importance ot this agricultural industry. Appoint Coiimunco. Commiue-es haue been appointed Ly the hortieulturalisLs to have caarge- and aid in tno aminginb' ot tile displays, but it is poinie-el out that they will aid and not force certain ways of displaying the lruit. Every raiser will oe kvc:i an op portunity to sluw whd: he can ao along these lints. An attractive list of prizes has been olfered by the society lor the displays. Tho premium list lor the first show of tne St. Joseph coun ty society follows: Two dollars lor the first prize and olio dollar for the second prize fur plants of five of each of the follow ing varieties of fruit and vegetables. Crimes tlolden, Jonathan, Bald win, Northern Spy, Uanana, Hub bardston, .Mcintosh, Delicious, Heb Davif. Wolf lttner. Wealthy, Maid en Blush. PL I M S. Brads haw, Shropshires. ii:aus. Dutches-. Seche!. Dartlctt, Shcl- de-n, Ktiffer. n:t ui:s. Klherta. Gold Drop. Crosby, Kal amazoo, Champion, I -iwrence. (illAI'LS. Concord, Worden, .Moore Karly, Niagara. Brighton, l'ockLin.ton, Woodruff Heal, Perkins. Agawam. LLndley, .Moore's Diamond. vi:(ii;T.iii.-i;s. Celery, Carrots. Parsnips, Turnips. Ueetr, Tomatoes, Onions (white). Onions (Yellow), Unions (red). Sweet Corn. Two dollars for first prize and one dollor for second prize for the best sinple, specimen of the follow irg vegetables: Pumpkin, Squash (Hubbard), Watermelon, Musknul on. Five dollors; for the first prize and two dollars for second prize for fach of the following: One peek early potatoes One peck late pota toes, three heads of cabbage. Vor the bfst bushel of apples. first prize ten dollars;; second 4rize, five dollars. For the best collection of flowers first prize ten dollars; second prize, five dollars. For the best collection of fruit by a society, prize f.lty dollors. I'or the best collection of can ned fruit, first prize, ten dollars; second prize, five dollars. For the best collection of grapes. first prize, eight dollars; tccond prize, four dollars. The averago country constable probatdy does not see any need in having other law-enforcement orti -cers. For some life will never be what it s';ould until the priee of an ice cream soda get;; back to a nickel. Jim's Joko for Jtojs. Tr. Smith's old college friend elropped in unexpectcelly for dinner Monday evening. Mrs. Smith had done her best with the Sunday left overs. The result was hash. "Huh!" exclaimed Jimmy as his father said the grace, "I don't see why yeu ask a blessing for this again. It's the sane edd stuff as we had yesterday." Q. What kind of shoes are made from banana peels? A. Slippers. The Horoscope SATURDAY. SKIT. IS. The astral portents for this day are of disvouraging nature, as both benefics anel malefics are hostilely inclined. It would be wise under this stellar rule to work along lines of least resistance, e-r. perhaps, to defer important matters until more auspicious circumstances prevail. There is danger from a troub'esome tongue and temper, and also there is hazard in the speculative uso of moneys and in litigation. Removals or Journeys shoi.I be put off. o.s tho attitude of the planets is hostile. The mind may be in a peculiar frame, and the disposition thoughtful or emotional. Those whose birthday it is are promised a ejuiet year, with little change or important removals. Avoid quarrels. law and speculation. A child born on thi5 dav will be brave and generous, but headstrong, rash and desirous of continual change. Counsel moderation. Tho Big Electric Shop S. D. Moran & Son Wiring aod Jlepairl2, Mabel Hawkins Producer of Distinctive Lingerie and Scientific Cornelius. LZZ J. 31. S. Bldj. Main 870 How shall I treat my seed wheat? Inquiries are being received at the Purdue Experiment station as to whether or not the so-called dry formaldehyde treatment, generally recommended for preventing oat smut, can be applied to seed wheat. The answer is no. Wheat is much more sensitive and likely to be in jured by strong formaldehyde solu tions than oats. Fcr this reason the old method of sr.rinklins the seed with a weak solution is still advo cated as tho safest treatment, ac cording to I. J. Pipal of the botan ical extension staff. The stinking smut of wheat is spread easily by threshing machines, smutted sacks or wagon boxes, and in various other ways. It is advis able, therefore, to disinfect the seed in every suspected case in order to prevent serious losses in the follow erop. It is well known that when a smutty lot ui wheat is threshed on one farm there is- enough infection carried in the separator to spread the smut to several other farms. Treatment of Sectl. The seed is treated as follows: Mix one pint of formaldehyde in 4 0 gallons of water and sprinkle this solution on the seel at the rate of cue fint to two bushels of grain. Shovel sprinkled seed over several times so as to distribute the mois ture evenly. Shovel It then Into a pile- and cover with sacks, blankets, or canvas for two hours not less nor more. Tho seed is then spread out and stirred occasionally to al low rapid drying and the escape .of the gas. It can lie sown as soon as dry enough to run freely through the drill. Care should be taken to use ab solutely reliable formaldehyde pre ferably in sealed bottles. The above treatment destroys the stinking smut only. If the grower wish 's to kill also -the loose smut diseaso which turns the entire head into a Mack smutty mass an appli cation of the hot watfr treatment Is necessary. The seed is first soak ed live hours in cold water, then tempered for one minute in hot wa ter at 120 degrees and followed with a dip for ten minutes at 129 deprees. This method, however, requires ex perienced supervision and those who wish te use it are advised to consult the county agricultural agents. I.ove. like liquor, may make a matt act loonsniy. out it docs not prompt hm to break up the furni ture. Claire Whitney and Earl Metcalfe in- "Tho Chamber Mystery" The biggest hit since 'Mickey." The greatest serio-comic pic ture of the screen's history. Not a word is spoken by the characters in this picture. The .funniest .picture .you ever saw. Also HANK MANN in THE NICKLE GRABBER two-reel comedy, and PATHE NEWS TODAY WILLIAM S. HART in "SAND" As Dan Kurric, feinner ceivv puncher, who i fortvd to ac cept a job in a railway sta tion, Hart has some of the most thrilling experiences of Ids career. A big fight with a Ixaml of train robbers is one of the stirring climaxes. SUNDAY "The Gift Supreme" Bernard Binny With And an AII-SLar Cast- AUDITORIUM mm MiiiiiiiiiiiinnHmnHi)iiniHiiiiiH)iiHiiiii(ii!iiiiiiiii(iiiuii i r i i fu 1 1 i ti i...-.j-vii m. There is nothing in the world a woman so mr 'uch fears as a surgical operation. Often they are necessary, but cwen not; and many have been avoided by the timely use of that good old-fashioned root and herb remedy Lydia E. Pinkhanrs Vegetable Compound. If you are suffering from some dread ailment peculiar to your sex, why net profit by the experience of these two women whose letters follow? These Two Women Saved from Operations. Cedar Ilapids, la. " After the birth Sandusky, Ohio.' After the birth of m 1 of m last child I spells they would unlit mo entirely for my housework. I sutfered for months and the doctor said that my trouble was organic ulcers and Iwouldhave tohavo an operation. That was an awful thing to me,with a young baby and four other children, so one day I thought of Lydia K.Pinkham's Vegetabb Compound and howit had helped me years lefore and I decided to try it again. I took livo bottles of Vegetable Compound and used Lydia E.Pinkham's Sanative Wash and since then I have been a well woman, able to take care of my house and family without any trouble or a day's pain. I am ready and thankful to swear by your medicine any time. I am forty-four 3ears old and have not had a day's ill ness of any kind for threo years." Mrs. II. Koenio, 017 Ellis Blvd, Cedar Kapids, Iowa. At Thousands of mi kftrtf Th( i p Hi'T m 3 She was accused of being a love thief, and of steal ing jewels. But she was plucky. Did she win? See this Thrilling Mystery ! ! ! m i A I I ' l m W I u &f V w-m r. a d KT3 ? fs rn k - 1 CJl Ll k a'7 eisLrafe TKEWfcß 1 m&&w& had such painful rnrbaby I had doctor said it was caused by too heavy Lifting and I would have to have au operation. I would not consent to an operation and let it go for over a year, having my sister do my work forme aa I was not able to walk. One day my aunt came to see me and told me about your medicine said it cured her of tho same thing. I took Lydia E. Inkham'M Vegetable Compound and used Lydia E. llnkham's Sanative Wash and they have cured me. Now I do my own housework, washing and ironing and sewing for my family and also do sew ing for other people. I still take a bottlo of Vegetable Compound every spring for a tonic. I recommend your medicino to others who have troubles similar to mine and you can use my lettlr if you wish." -Mrs. Pvri. Paventuse. 132r Stone t.. Sandusky, Ohio. Such Letters Prove the Curative Value of tin vi i'i ?V -v-V3 . I T .. : f- iff ii r "i i . i 9 m is r l m i t PINKHAM MEOICINC CO UVNN,Mft,?g, m Fi MAIL ORDERS FOR SEATS ACCEPTED NOW P. PAY COMSTeKK arvJ MOf-TIS r.rT . . PRirFS- vrrc-r . . not More Nights Vorld's MncT $1.00, $2.00, $2.50, $3.00. Wednesday and Saturday Matinees $1.00, $2.00 and $2.50 DtAUTlFUL r: TODAY AT THE 10 ii iTU EJ3 L2 ALICE BRADY in 'The Fear Market" Why ronimit cm sfKi-ly women iMiil hiil" fnm Um th' vvorM -im for which M')jt!o lf-v f.rvn- would Ik' f'rcod to lay tj K-n;ilt.v ? The ;in-wer i fr -iullv u'iven In "Tht IVjr Market." SUNDAY WANDA HAWLEY -m- "Food for Scandal Somo tirand now method- and ideas in vamping, execut ed !y a pa-t ma-ter. i Ml mm money by ptnmlztasj chants that advertise I : ! volume ot 1 1 li Sive mer lllllllllllllllllllHHiilliMil)HHIIIillHMliiiiiliiiM.liiMPi organic trouble. My v-y t; ti fi ir -, . -. V . . . . . . . . . . ' COMING FOR ENTIRE WEEK COM. MONDAY EVENING, SEPT. 27TH A Tlian Six Se.Tts To Any One Perjon Unless Credentials Are Shown re ill MOW PLAYING THE K1KOGRAM5 World's I 'iti-M N'-w. 4,KISS ME" Illalionite Mw-iral I" vtniv a:: nu IMrcchfl ly Irwin Iln I'! it JERRY & GR ETC HEN O'MEARA HUGHES & DE BROW I'rui-.ial ConMtlianH THE UNUSUAL DUO HERBERT & BIN NET In Jpjtorl unit I.' SUNDAY HARRY KAHNE And I'ie Other Art Iatine. 2"c: ):riins. Main l ixr. "oc. Balcony. 2."c. Sun day und llol.ilay Maltiuo piicc same at nlzld. profits from 1 3 11 Th n a f?