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-l'LYJIOUTH, INDIANA. WEDNESDAY, June 25, 18 51. DEJIOCUATIC NOMINATION FOR CONGRESS, IN THE 9 til DISTRICT: GRAHAM N. FITCH, Of Cass County. Democratic Convention. Democrats remember on next Saturday the 23th inst., the Convention compris ing Marshall and Starke Counties, will meet for the purpose of nominating can didates for the ofiicesof Representative and County Commissioner. Every dem ocrat in thi3 district is requested to be present, vh03s circumstances will per mit. We hope to see every Township represented to meet in friendship, act in harmony, and select men as candidates who will meet with the approbation of the people, and such a ticket as they will support at the polls. CCJ To-day is the appointed time for the Anti-Slavery Convention, to be hold en at the Court-House in this place, for the purpose of nominating a candidate (in this the 9th District,) for Congress, and to transact such other busines3 as may be deemed necessary. COThe new Postage Law goes into operation on the first of July. To any part of the county where a weekly paper is published, it goes free of postage. For any distance out of the county, and not over fifty miles, the postsge will be but five cents every three months. For any distance over fifty, and not exceed ing three hundred miles, ten cents every three months. For any distance over three hundred, and not exceeding one thousand miles, fifteen cents quarterly. CQ-The candidates for Congress will address the citizens of Winaraac, Pulaski county, Saturday June 2Sth, at 1 o'clock P. M. At 2orth Benrf, in Starke coun ty. June 30th, at 1 o'clock. P. M. At rieasant Grove, Fulton county, Tuesday July 1st, at 4 o'clock, P. M. At Roch ester, Wednesday July 2nd at 2 o'clock, P. M. At Meredith's Mills, in Fulton county, Thursday July 3d, at 9 o'clock, A. M. We will give due notice when the appointments for Marshall county are made known. CCpThe Whig Convention, on Satur day nominated ThornasSumner, for Rep Tcsentative, and Samuel D. Taber for County Commissioner. The proceedings will be found in another column of-to-days paper. CjT"We have received the Kosciusko Republican again, it is under the edito tial charge of Wm. Williams, Esq., and is published by G, W. Fairbrother. It is Whig ail over, and no mistake. OCT "We learn from the LoganspoTt Journal, that an old man named Thomas Ganer was drowned in the canal, about one mile blow Logansport and that a man named Eldridge discovered a bundle upon the bank and a hat in the water, and suspected that- some person was drowned after a ehort search the bodv was found. CO-Charles D. Smith. Esq'r., will de liver a temperance lecture, on next Mon day evening at early candle light, at the Presbyterian Church, in this place. All who feel an interest in the cause of tem perance will please attend. (XjTGodey's Lady's Book. We have Teceived the July number of this book, a popular parlor visitant, filled with a va riety of good articles, and with numerous embellishments as usual, we have just been perusing, and find it fully equal to its well deserved reputation, and when we consider the great advantages offered to subscribers, we think he h s fully earned its name 'the Book of the Nation. Terms 83 per annum, in advance. Marios Journal. We have received a paper bearing the abcre title. It is an excellent democratic paper, published in Marion, Grant county, Indiana, by the Messrs. J. F. &T. J. McDowell's. The editorials of the Journal arg finely got up. We do not know of any paper that would be more profitable end pleaseutly read than the Marion Journal, which soars far and proudly into the pure atmosphere of the democratic heavens. Give th Pilot tn exchange. We understand that some of the ladies of thi place, are about to appear in TtREii-W styl. CCT"PETEKSOJt's Magazine. The July number of this magazine lays on our ta ble, and as usual filled with well selected matter. This work is published at a ve ry low rate, and ranks high in the; world of Literature. The number before us cortains some beautiful engravings, "The Noontide Bath," "Fashions For July," The Shady Bower," &c. Terms $2 per annum in advance. A Democratic District Conven tion , Composed of delegates from the coun ties of Stark and Marshall, will be held in PLYMOUTH on Saturday, June 28th, at one o'clock, P. M., for the purpose of nominating a Representative to the State Legislature, and a Commissioner for Marshall County. The basis for vo ting will be arranged by the Conven tion. By order of tht Central Com mittee of Marshall Co.. Plymouth. June 4. 1831. Anti-Slavery Convention. The Anti-Slaveav men of this Con- m gressional District, are requested to meet at PLYMOUTH, on the 25th of June, 1851, to nominate a candidate for Congress, and to transact such other business as may be deemed necessarv. E. B. CROCKER, R. W. PALMER, E. BRIGGS. A. B AYL EN. TRUMAN FOY. South Bend, June 7, 1851. For the Plymouth Pilot. Mb. Editor: In examining the Pilot I discov ered two chapters written, on .the dele terious effects of tobacco on the system. As this is a grave subject, and has a di rect bearing on the health aud character of those who indulge in the use of tobac co, (according; to Pilgrim's chapter,) I hope you will not consider it out of order, for me to offer a few thoughts, on the same subject. In the first place, I think that the using of the weed in most cases does no good. In the second place, I think the using of the weed in moderation, will not injure any healthy person. Common observation is the proof we need to es tablish that fact. Many weakly persons by using the weed to excess, no doubt seriously injure themselves, aud have to abandon the practice altogether, or shor ten their days. This Fcems to have been the case with Pilgrim. He followed the practice until his health was very much impaired, and until he lost seven of his teeth about time one would think to stop and consider. Many persons have brought themselves to an untimely death, by eating to excess, by laboring too hard, by sleeping, by drinking cold water, &c But who would argue for a moment, that we should not eat, drink, sleep or labor, because some imprudent person injure themselves. The use of tobacco is un doubtedly a luxury. It was the Faying of a learned man, that he could enjoy a greater amount of good feeling, in less time in smoking, than he could at any other employment. How often have we seen our mothers and even our grand mothers, take their pipes (the emblem of peace,) of a cold winters evening, and entertain their families, with incidents that happened long since? If the using of tobacco were an inlet to vice, I would say abandon it at once. If I believed it created a thirst for strong'drink, I cer tainly would use what little influence I have, to get my fellow beings, to stop and consider, e'er they are overtaken with the simples, or Jiver complaint. A young 'Un, contends that tobacco is poison. He does not say what kind, but I am in clined to think it is slow, very slow. There are men and women in this county who have used tobacco in some way, for fifty or sixty years, and are not poisoned to death yet, but enjoy li fe, and the things which make it desirable, as well as those who never use tobacco. Pilgrim, parades a lengthy catalogue of diseases, which he says are brought on by the use of tobacco. He seems to think that the greater portion of diseases, that mankind is heir to, is brought on in that way. He says: "the use of tobacco taints the breath, benumbs the sensation, colors the kkin, causes langour, debility, tre mons, ill-temper, melancholy, want of natural appetite, consumption, thirst, pains," &c, &c, and says that the best medical authors establish these facta. Pilgrim will please permit me to be a little skeptical about the medical author ity. A medical man may talk and write, about the poisonous properties of tobac co, and the ruinous effects of it, on those who use it. Nevertheless, I think it somewhat doubtful whether they really Vlie. v f that the u f Tbacco, causfs the diseases enumerated by Pilgrim. Let us examine this matter for a monent. In Plymouth there are five Physicians, fuor out of the five (if 1 reccollect right) use tobacco in some way. These physi cians are learned men, and are presumed to know all about the properties of to bacco. Does it look reasonable? Docs it look rational, that they would pursue a course, which they knew would sooner or later, cause them to lingpr out the remainder of their days in pain and mis ery? solemn thought. OBSERVER. WHIG C0NVENTI0X. The Whigs of the Counties of Marshall and Starke held a Convention on last Saturday, organized the same by appoint ing Mr. John L. Westervelt, President; Hon. Samuel D. Tabeb and John S. Thompson Vice Presidents. The Convention being lully organized, on motion Thomas Sumner was duly nominated by acclamation as a candidate for Representative in the district compos ed of these two Counties. W. G. Pomeroy, from the committee on reosolutions reports the following which was unanimously adopted. Resolved, That we now realize as ever, the importance of earnestly contending for and supporting the cardinal princi ples of the Whig Party, and that we will sustain the same by giving a warm and undivided support to the nominee of this Convention, use all honorable means for the support of the Hon. Schuyler Colfax for Representative in Congress, as also JamesS. Frazier a candidate for Prosecut ing Attorney in this district during the present canvass. Resolved, That we fully concur in all the doctrines and sentiments contained in the. Plymo Uh Platform, adopted by the late Congressional Convention and believe, it contains the best set of resolu tions ever adopted by any convention in this State. Resolved, That the principles and sen timents set forth by the Declaration of Independence, and the provisions con tained in the Constitution of the United States, furnish to us in common with our countryman the only true safe-guard of our national councils, and contain the rights and privileges of all citizens and should be presumed sacred and inviolate always. Resolved, That in Thomas Sumner we recognize a man of true moral worth "honest and capable," an able politician, and recommend him to the support of ev ery voter in the district. After the business of the representa tive Convention was ovsr, the Whigs of Marshall county nominated the Hon. S. D. Taber as a candidate for County Com missioner in the second district. About ninety delegates were present, several good speeches made, and the Con vention adjourned with much good feel ing, beleiving success was but just a head. J. B. N. KLINGER, Sec'y. Plymouth June 23, 1851. Sensible. The District Convention in Wells and Huntington Counties, in this State, adopted the following resolu tion: Resolved, That the custom of "stump speaking" by the candidates for the Leg islature through the district in which they are running, is attended with an ex pense of time and money to the candida tes and to the people of the district, Mith out any good resulting therefrom we threfore request the candidates this day nominated to stay at home, attend to their own buiness, and Me will attend to burs. CCT"Mr. Simeon Souther, a wealthy citizen of Hanover county Virginia, has been con victed of beating one of his slaves to death and sentenced to the peni tentiary for five years. Tub Flood. The Burlington, Iowa, Telegraph, estimates the damages to prop perty in that Stale by the flood at not lecS than SI. 000, 000. The town of Io aville is almost destroyed, eighteen hous es having been carried offal last accounts and the remainder seriously injured. The wide overflow of the bottoms destroyed hundreds of farms, leaviug many families utterly destitute, bereft of many things they possessed, and without means to en ter upon their accostomed avocations.- The host mil.ls in the States have been destioyed, and thousands of barrels of flour. Cin. Enquirer. The conspiracy trial is progressing be fore Mr. Justice Wing, and although it has been two weeks in 'successful ope ration" there seems to be no indication of its termination. The prosecution has examined about sixty witnesses and it is understood they have in reserve a large number yet to be examined. The num ber of witnesses on the part of the de fence we have not learned, but presume the number to be nearly as great as that of tha prostcution. Vttrtil free Prt. From the Detroit Free Press, of 23. THE FIRE IN SAN FRANCISCO. The New York Tribune contains three columns of losses by the recent fire. Among others in this list, we notice the loss of the library and papers of Frank M. Pixley, the City Attorney, late of Detroit. TheTrihune's list embraces about six hun dred and fifty persons and firms and the aggregate loss is set down by all the pa pers at $i2,U0C.l 00. Supposing the list of losses to embrace all the sufferers by the fire it presents the almost incredi ble fact, of an average loss of eighteen thousand four hundred and fifty-one dol lars by each person and firm. In this country we have no data, by which such a result can be brought within the range of possibilities, in a city the size of San Francisco, But it must be reccollected that property is estimated by different rates from those which govern valuations hre. The. exports from San Francisco for the present spring, have been greater than those of New York. The latter city re ceives nearly one half of the current rev enues from customs, while its exports do not reach one sixth. Yet the amount of exports at San Francisco are prodigious, and such a result could not fail to have an effect jupon real estate valuations. The papers are full of accounts of the fire, and among other items it is stated that Messrs. Hewett and Harrison, for the want of water, used SO thousand gal lons of vinegar in preserving their ware house. In blowing up the Sacramento Hotel, Broadway, the first explosion was inef fectual, and it was tho't that only one of the casks planted had ignited, and yet, in this uncertainty, a daring spirit was found, who walked into the building al ready in flames, with two more casks of powder, fired the fusee and retreated cool ly. In less than a minute after the huge building crumbled into fragments upon its own foundation. The mass of shipping that crowd our harbor was in imminent danger of taking fire on Saturday night- Had one vessel caught the llames, so close together are they all anchored, and so hopeless the idea of moving, that the entire fleet woM have, in all probability, been consumed. As it was, the captains and crews had to be constantly on the alert to preserve their vessels, The ship Susan Drew, Capt. Holbrook, took fire three times from the burning brands that were driven upon her by the wind, but by prompt ap plication of water, she was each time saved. Several others were also on fire at various times, but none, we are happy to say, were burned. The Editor of the. Alia Californian gives the following vivid picture of the conflagration. Iron and zink curled up like scorched leaves, and sent forth their brilliant flames of green, blue and yellow tints; mingling with and modifying the great red tongues of the fire which flashed up ward from a thousand burning houses. The hill sides were lighted as if the sun were above the Eastern mountains, and their trees, shrubs, herbage and houses were as distinguishable in the bright light as if it were noon. Darkness hung over a large portion of the shipping where the broad and heavy ocean of smoke lay down in impenetrable gloom over the Bay. People became paralyzed. Many removed their stocks of gooi's, or por tions of them, four or five times, and then had them overtaken and destroyed at last. The streets were cramed with masses of human being and rushing teams, only giving way before the advance of the ele ments, as the smoke and heat arid crush ing walls pushed them back. Men be came mad; some rushed headlong into the flames. Weeping women and prattling infancy were wandering amid ashes and destruction. Every few moments "the earth and air trembled, as great buildings were torn into fragments by the explo sions of gun-powder, and the atmosphere was filled shattered timbers, brick and mortar. The multitude hung upon the borders of this "vast sea of flame;" few comparatively knew, or could know, what were the dangers anJ exertions of these who were within the range of the stiflling smoke and scorching flames. In less than nine hours from the beginning, more than twenty squares existed only in memory and in the ascending colums of smoke and flame which covered the city' site. But the saddest sight of all was the destruction of brave, but bewildered men, who suddenly surrounded with fire, rushed, staggered and uncertain, in hope less efforts to escape, until strangled and scorched, they writhed and fell in full view of hundreds, who were completely powerless to save them. Others, after battling inside of what they had consid ered fire ptoofs, finding their efforts to save the buildings vain, endeavored to escape, but too late. The doors and win dow blinds were red hot, and could not be opened in some instances, and their last chance of safety failed them. We cannot express our sensation of yesterday, while looking upon the black ened remains of poor humanity, as they still lay, burned to coals, amid the fire which filled the cellar of a building on Montgomery st.. still beyond the reaeh of all who gazrd upon tSiein, May we never again see so horrible a spectacle. It is stated that Jenny Lind pays Mr. Bdriiiim 625,000 as a consideration for breaking oil" her engagement with him. Humum got'i to England to find other curiosities. He acknowledges making 500.000, and says Jenny has realized not less than 8350,000 in this country. The net proceeds of 03 Concerts do not lack 25O,0Q0 of 1,000,000. One Hundred mid Fifty dollars ICcwuid. All reasonable expenses will be pa i 1 for the return to Cincinnati of my wife Mrs. Virginia J. Shield, who left her home and family under a derangement of mind, on Friday. Mjy 29th, 1S31. She is rather tall and wll proportioned; hair dark brown very long and abundant; long dark eyelashes, and dark eye-brows, near ly meeting upon the nose; a slight scar upon the ridge of the. nose. Her man ners are pleasant and commanding, an I her countenance when at ease assumes a melancoly form of expression, she had on, when she left, a straw bonnet, trim ed with blue satin ribon, and lined with same; dark brown gingham dress, and a lead-colored mantilla. It is presumed she may have changed her entire dress, as she had means in her possession to accomplish such object. Persons satisfied with her general appear ance, and doubting indentify, will satis fy themselves by examining a heavy plain gold wedding ring upon her finder, con taining initials and my own, engraved inside. GEORGE SHIELD . Franklin Foundry, corner f Kilour and Congress streets, near Little Miam: Railroad Depot. CO Kentucky, Indiana and Ohio pa pers will confer a favor on her friendi by copying this advertisement, and their bills will be cheerfully paid by sending them to this office. Cincinnati Commercial. Crime in The following, which we learn from the Detroit Advertiser, shows a lament able state of morals in that section of country. At the last session of tin grand jury of Wayne county, true bills were found as follows: Chi. Cum. Against Jonathan Crew?, for p-rjury in the C&ss county slave cases; Win. Van Sickles, counterfeiting U. S. coin; John Van Houghton, for the same; Or lando D. Williams. Abel F. Fitch. Win. Corbin, Daniel Myers, Ammi Filler, Eb cnezer Farnhain, and Eben Price, for the same offence, and the same for obstruct ing the U. S. mail; James J. Stang, Win. Townsend and one other, for counterfeit ing; Francis Thomas and John McCounell, robbing post office of mail matter ami money; Miles Butler, counterfeiting; John liuddiman, trespass on public lands; Strang and others, on twelve indictments; Jamc6 J. Strang (Iiis majesty) and others, assaulting mail carrier with deadly wea pons, and obstructing the U. S. mail. The grand jury found, in all, twenty-one bills. In relation to the Strang indictments the Free Press says: Twenty-seven Mormons in all have been indicted. Strang is at large, on bail, which he found no difficulty in pro curing. The general opinion in refer ence, to the Beaver Island troubles seem? to be thit, throughout the. whole, the Mormons have been 'more sinned acainst than sinning.' An official examination will, we believe, demonstrate the correct ness of this opinion. His Majesty, King James, is anxious for a speedy trial, and manifests en unconcern in regard to his own fate and the security of hi? crown, hardly characteristic of modern monarchs. We have known Republican Presidents to exhibit less nonchalence. The trial takes place during the present month. "Spiritual Rapping" Suicide. A middle aged woman, by the name oi Chandler, in Concord N. 11.. while la boring under an aberration of mind, caus ed by attending 'spiritual rapping" ex hibitions, took a draught of corrosive sublimate a few days ago, which soon proved fatal. Exploration of Hie Colorado. The last mail ftom California informs us that the first voyage of discovery has been made by Americans down the f,tmd Colorado of the West, and the important result obtained that no obstacle exists for its free navigation by steam vessels. This stream, it will be remembered, flows into the Pacific from a point north of the Gila, and heads but a short dis tance from the navigable waters of the Rio Grande, which flows through this valley. The fact is thus clearl proven, that there is but a comparatively small strip of country dividing the two rivers. The explorers are Dr. John L. Laloute. a gentleman well known in the scientific world, and Dr. George Ogden, of Missis sippi, the President of the'Colorado Fer ry Company, The advantages to flow from opening a channel of water com munication into the heart of the hitherto barren wilderness are obvious. The mouth of the Gila, which is the point where the emigrant trail strikes the Col orado, will become the depot of provis ions and supplies for the overland emi gration, which will now adopt this route in preference to any other, on account of the superior facilities it afford. Al! danger from the Indians is removed by the presence of a military force, to be permanently stationed at this point. The immunity from the luzird of death by starvation, and c:old, aadsnow, as ex perienced by travellers on the northern roads, must when the facts arc fully un derstood, render thii l he favorite route across the continent. The banks of the river are of the richest alluvial, an 1 with little labor can be made immensely pro ductive. They are extremely well adapt ed for cotton aud sugar cane. A steam er will soon be placed upon the river, for the purpose of bringing supplies to the military post, and to assist in develop ing the resources of this region- An op portunity is uow open for working the valuable mines known to exitt upon the tributaries of the Gila, which have here tofore been debared from the access of white men, by the hostility of the Indi ans. In a very short period one of those ma;;ic creations of American energy and enterprise, of which San Francisco and Sacramento City are types, will spring up upon the Colorado of the West. Rio Grande Sentinel. A Fire Anxiimlator. The National Intelligencer, at Washington, speaks of an English invention which immediate ly extinguishes the most raging flames. The apparatus is nearly as portable as a fire bucket; the article used (anti-com-bustive gas) perfectly inoxious to life or comfort, without injury to property, end at the same lime instantaneously de structive to flames. In England it is fully appreciated. The Queen, the greater number of the nobility, and many of the principal manufacturers have the machines in their palaces, and establish ments. The invention is strongly re commended by many principal officers in the Royal Navy and well informed commanders in the merchant service. It is a Utile singular that an invention which is said to rank in value with that of the steamboat, the tth jraph. the cot ton gin, and the railroad, has never been introduced here, if it be as valuable us asserted. It would certainly be imme diately adopted, if it were discovered to possess value. Delphi Times. The Mint. The coin ige at the Mint in Philadelphia during the week en iing 7th inst. was: Half Eagles, .... 24,729 - Quarter Eagles, .... 21. COO Gold Do;la:s, .... Silver Dollars, .... 100 Half Dollars, .... 12,510 Three cent pieces, - - 19o,l(JU Total immbcrnf pieces, 371,144 A.s t lie Mint is enabled to redeem all their certificates so soon rs issued, after the bullion is assayed aud the value as certained, i t eis at present confining its operation to the coinage of small pieces, and has on hand a large b mount of quar ter eagles and gold dollars beyond the de mand for them. Fkom Salt Lake. Intelligence from the Mormons has reached St. Louis to the 20th April. The Indians were giving the Mormons and the emigrants much trouble, by steal ing and lunniug ofi' their stock. A large party started about the 10th of April in search ol the Indians, and to regain the stolen animals. On the Tooelee Valley, one of the company, an emigrant, was shot by nn Indian and killed. His nape was Lorenzo D.tw Custer, from Ohio, and a wife and two children are left be hind him. flier had stolen four of his horses. On the l'Jlh one of the compa ny returned to Great Salt Lake Citr, with information that five of the Indi ans were captuiel, and for stealing their horses and refusing to tell where the re mainder were encamped, they iccre shet. TJ Ennv.zh has bteu received to show that thenewcontitu?i(u of Ohio has been adopted by a Larre majori' v. The whur press has been particularly virulent r.gnin.-t the new project, because it re'orins mm:y of the old abuses in the State, and opcK the door wider to their pop ulation at the ballot 1 ov Our neighbor of the Tri 1 uii e will now have the co:iMlatio:i of see ing its prcd ict ion verified, 'that if ti e new Con stitution was a lopte I it would throw Ohio in the hands o! the Loco ocos for the next ten years.' Dttroit Free J'rets. The Camilla Cotom. The. Boston Journal recommends that the new style ol dr ss adopted by sonn ladies be Called the 'C-nnilla Custome.' of the messen gers of Diana, accustomed to the thase and to war. Shv was noted for lit i flect-n-s i.f foot, and of coue must have es chewed the street sweepitrg garments in vogue at the pre -nt day. Mr. Wni'STER on the track. Mr. Webster's friends are running his name up to the must-head of some of their new spapers and splurging largely about his extra patriotism. He doubtless has an eye in that direction by the shortest through line! All his late speeches are an earnest of his intentions ami inclina tions. The New York Herald is W eb slerian all over, of late, and significant ly out against another aspirant; for says the pader, "this is no time for fuss and eathers. or hasty plates of soup. It is the time for the exercise of the highest intellect, the profoundest eloquence, the deepest statesmanship, the most unbound patriotism, at any price and at any cost, but not the crisis of swords and epau lettes, of marches or military, of musket ry or ten pounders" A Tribute of Kcspcrt. The citizens of Lafayette have erected a monument to the memory of James I. Jenks, formerly editor of the Lafayctto Courier. The Courier says: The cost of this tribute to departed worth is over 6300, it is about 12 feet high, and composed ofeight pieces of sol id white marble. On the east side of the centre piece is engraved the following: 4A tribute to usefulness, to public and private worth und integrity, to penius, talent and devotion to the general wel fare. On the south side, 'Let him who has won. bear the palm. On the- west side, 'I am what thou wilt be, 1 hnye been what thou art E reeted hy the citizens of Lafayette, in memory of James P. Jenks, Editor of Lafayette" Courier, Born July 26, JS22, Died October 1. IS 50 On the north side, A life of active virtue, is the pathw ay to public hcuor.