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UNE Recorders' Office fcbOG VOLUME VI PLYMOUTH, INDIANA, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 41907. NO. 52 MIR TD JAIL DELIVERY. Three Escape from County JaiL One Returns. Monday night at about 9:00 o' clock, while Sheriff Voreis and his deputy were in court with Liberty Cross, Hill Harris, Fred Hill and Grover Rentschberger escaped from the county- jail, by tearing a hole in the floor. It, had been the custom of the sher iff to allow the prisoners the liberty of the corridor during the greater part of the day arfj so when both corridor doors weie locked, everv hing was supposed to hive been safe. Monday afternoon, however, Chas. J. Eich had been working in the basement on a job of plumbing and the basement door had beert left open to allow him egress. This door is often left open however, as i ap peared impossible for any prisoners to tear a hole in the 10 inch stone floor. The prisoners had been supplied with a crow bar and chisel from the outside, Monday evening and with these made the necessary hole, an ir regular oval shaped one, about 12 inches in diameter. After slipping through this hole into the basement, ih three prisoners escaped through the basement door. The best part of the episode was that Charles Daugherty, who was in company with the others, did not es cape wih them. He says that he opposed the plan of escape, and was bound anf gagged by the others. Daugherty is t.nder a suspended sen tence of one to three years impris onment in the state penitentiary for wife desertion, and is in jail await ing his reprisal. Thus, as it would have m ant a penitentiary term for him if he escaped ami was retaken, he allowed the others to bind and gag him. At about ll.-HO o'clock Tuesday morning. Schuyler Fairbanks, resid ing on the Frot.sm.an farm north of this city, drove up to the jail with Fred Hill. -Mr. .Fairbanks says that Hill haf slept in his barn that night v.rthout his knowledge and had ap plied for a breakfast Tuesday morn ing. While eating breakfast he told Fairbanks who he was, and what he had done. He begged to be taken back to jail saying that he was in nocent of the charge under which he is awaiting trial, and will prve his innocence. Hill stated that Harris was the ringleader of the whole an?.ir, that Harris and Rentschberger hk'd bound Daugherty., In an interview he said that he did not know which direc tion the others had taken, that they all parted at the Catholic church. He says that the crow bar was handed through the window Monday evening but that he didn't know who passed it in. Funeral of Wm. ZeT ner. The remains of Wm. Zehner were brought to Plymouth Sunday even ing. Funeral will he held at the Re formed church Tuesday afternoon at 2:30 o'clock. Remains may be viewed at the house until 1:30 tomorrow af ternoon. G. C. Long, the son-in-law, at whose home Wm. Zehner was visit ing when stricken with death, tells of Mr. Zehners demise. He says that a party of four including Mr. Zehner and himself were about to go on a huntincr trip. Mr. Zehner seemed in the best of health and had put on his coat and then seated himself upon a mo;nd while the horses were being hitched. Without uttering a sound he fell forward and expired. A physican summoned pronounced death due to apoplexy. The Yellow River Ditch. The Independent stated Monday that a co-incidence occurred in the death of Wm. Zehner; that Jude Bernetha decided that the Yellow river dam should be removed and the decision was given on the day of Mr. Zehner's death. This is absolutely untrue, the casr never wa-s before Jtrdge Bernetha and ha not been decided by any means. A change of venue was taken some time ago. The viewers made a re port and further time was given them. The case will probably be taken up early in the November term and will be tried before Judge Bursen. County Commissioners Meet. A joint meeting of the commis sioners of Marshall and Fulton counties was heVl at the court house Monby afternoon at 1:00 o'clock, to hear remonstrances against the road petition of John Osborn and others. A remonstrance was presented, signed by Pulaski Wickizer and oth ers. asking that action be suspende on sah! road, and that a continu ance le allowed The commissioners then adjourned until Oct.- 29. Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Brooke Celebrate 60th Wedding Anniversary. Sixty years t;o Monday. Mr. ant! Mrs. J. F.. Brooke were united in marriage at Laporte, Ind. They re sided -or a short time at Mishawaka. moving from thre to Momence, 111. After making that city their home until 1S3 they moved to Plymouth, where they have lived ever since. Mr. and Mrs. Brooke are held, in highest esteem by old and young in this city. With their numerous friends we wish them many happy anniver saries. ' Unholy Brick-Fogarty Combine. The Warsaw Union sizes up the Brick-Pogarty Democratic Combine as follows: For at least one more campaign the Republicans of the Thirteenth district will be compelled , to follow the banner of Abraham Lincoln Brick, chietly because the rank and file of the party will not .take the in itiative and toss one s'de, the gangsters who, to save their political skins, are always taking the initia tive and telling the people what to do. Since the visit of Brick to Warsaw a week ago, the word has been hand ed out that there really is nothing doing except in the Brick line and that the Brick bandwagon has been newly repainted and regihlcd for an other tirre and this is the time to re serve seats in the vehicle. That the visit of the South Bend statesman" was not altogether a so cial one, has been proven by, the fact that, since he left, the word has been passed around among .he faithful and aho the somewhat unfaithful that, regardless of the "opinion of the rank and file of the party who will be asked to vote for Brick for con gress,! the delegates to the next con gressional convention will be selected in each county by mass conventions and the Brick pensioners, who have something to lose, must see to it that Brick men are on hand to do the voting for Brick delegates. Xo particular effort is to be made to get out the voters who may be in clined to consider the pretensions of any other candidate and who may be inclined to send uninstructed dele gations to the convention. The truth is that the rank and frle of the Republican party are to be buncoed into staying nt home, while the Brick henchmen and county com mitteemen fix things and hen are to be bound and gagged and forced by the party lash into voting' for the ticket, and Brick will be at the head of h'e ticket. While rthing definite can be said at this time, it is understood that there is little prospect for Charles O. Merica to be a candidate for con gress. Mr. Merica himself will not discuss the matter ami "only admits that he is not a candidate for any other office than congressman. The plea of his friends that he make the race for the judgeship meets with no encouragement from him. The truth is, although he will not say so, that he cannot afford to be u.cd even by his friends, as a chronic candidate for any and all offi ces. In connection with Mr. Merica Republicans are saying that Brick tried to work a smooth political trick while he was in Warsaw; by suggest ing to his friends that they see to it that Merica be given a place on the delegation .which will be sent from Kosciusko county to nominate Brick. It was an almost childishly foolish plan and it is not probable that Mer ica will allow himself to be used as a tin horn to be rooted in Brick's interests regardless of his own fut ure congressional aspirations. Brick is the center of a bad com bination and it is admitted that the man who can beat Brick for the con gressional nomination must be able to break up the iniquitious Fogarty Brick combination which controls the politics of South Bend and St. Joseph county. That such an alliance exists be tween the Democratic mayor of South Bend a id the Republican con gressman from this district is ad mitted by many decent politicians boh Democratic and Republican who have looked behind the scenes, and that the honest voter of both parties are being portrayed by those two political pirates is past all argu ment. Brick supports Fogarty for mayor of South Bend and in return get-r the support of Fogarty for con gress. ' The principal questions now be fore the voters are: Will the Repub licans allow a few machine politici ans to h all the work of selecting their candidates ami force on them a congresxional candidate who has proved that he is a failure from every ioint of view, arrd. will the Democrats of St. Joseph county and South Bend in particular continue to follow a man who uses their votes to carry out his part of so unholy a compact as has been made and car ried on between Brick and Fogarty for their own personal profit. Neither man is fit to hold his pres ent position and the best interests of loth parties would be served in abruptly throwing them out of office and stop the present system of cor ruption by which decent men are made to vote for gangsters' through a mistaken notion of party loyalty. HoldJ Your Wheat for $1.25. The Minnesota union of the Soci ety of Equity, which claims the alle giance of 35,000 farmers in the north west, passed a resolution at its con vention ct St. Paul, calling on its members to hold their wheat this fall until the price is $1.25. A large amount of wheat belonging to members of the society is in stor age in Duluth, and some is in granar ies. and elevators throughout the state. It was decided to hold flax for $1.30 at Mi' neapolis; oats for 70 cents; rye for 41 cents; timothy seed for $3.30 a hundred and hay for $20 a ton. The union passed resolutions caling for a closer affiFation with the American Federation of Labor and for the union labor on all manufac tured goods purchased by farmers. THE SUBSIDY TAX. Read What Prominent Farmers Think of the Graft. Editor Tribune: Upon the question of voting sub sidies in general, and especially the question of voting a subsidy to the Logansport and Sout.i Bend Trac tion railroad, which is before the voters for their decision, Saturday the 5th of October, I was pleased to read,, in last week's Tribune, the strong able and incisive article by -the Hon. D. McDonald. I am glad to know it has appeared in another of the city papers, because such ar--ticles at this time merit the widest publicity that can be given them. As is always the case there are voters who are not fully decided as to what is the right thing for them to do. Possibly some are influenced by selfish motives to an extent. Mankind-is more or less selfish. It may be that some voters living near the line where the proposed road will be located, if bunt at all, are looking for a slight increase in the value of their farms if the road comes. That added value may be all imaginary. Others, it may be, will think of vot ing for the subsidy because of the convenience it will afford them in getting away from home at times without using their own conveyance. But will this convenience compen sate for the payment of one and one fourth percent on the valuation of their property to these promoters, if the subsidy is voted? I think it would take the busy farmer a long time to get his money back in con venience. But to my mind, here is the para mount influence with all voters. The majority of the persons who would be taxed live from one to six miles from the line of , the road. They can receive no benefit. It would be a grievous wrong committed against them if those adjoining the line of the road for any fancied benefit that might come to them, would vote to fasten this1 burden upon those living farther away. And here I must quote from the article of Mr. McDonald, because it can not be improved upon. "No man has the right to go to the polls and vote to tax his neigh bor against his will for something or some purpose, that he does not believe . will be of any benefit to him." The promoters of the traction road are running a line of articles in the Plymouth Independent and Demo crat telling the 'dear people' it fs-to their interest to vote this subsidy 'to them and why. Some of the reasons will not bear the light of day. Let us turn the light upon a few of them. They say it would be simply a loan on th. part of the taxpayers, as it will vqrv soon be paid back in taxe levied iga-nst the road after it wts completed." Let us devote a mo ment to this phase of the question. The Üpc in Center township wou'.l be about fix ' miles lontf. We will put the va'.uat:on of the road at cigh thousand dollars' per mile. That is undoubtedly more than it would oe listed at as the Vandalia steam road is onl li--d at twelve thousand dol lars per mile. The average tax levy for a number of years has been about one and one-fourth per cent. At this basis they would turn into the treas ury in taxes upon the six milts, six hundred dollars per annum. And the fifty thousand handed over to them would come back in taxes in up wards of eighty years. That isn't very soon, is it? Again, they appeal to the smaller taxpayers for their support by tell ing them they would "save in rail road fares the amoun of their taxes in three or four months.' The Van Jalia, to which we gave a subsidy when it was built makes the same towns that we can reach by the in terurban line. Their fare is two cents per mile. The electric roads charge one and one half to two cents. The saving in fares would amount to but little. They tell us "vote for the subsidy or you will get no road." That may be bluff. Most oH the roads through out the country, as far as I can learn, have been built without the aid of a subsidy. We will get one or more before long anyway. If not, we can worry along without them. We have six lines running out of Plymouth now. Fares are down o two cenfs per mile. Most of us arc sick and tired of being asked for subsidies by every thing that wants to come our way. Let us bury this subsidy question so deep on the fifth of October it ivill never be resurrected here again. Let the capitalists who will own the road after it is built, and scoop in the profits, furnish the funds to build it, with such assistance as may be rendered them voluntaril". Better use our funds to build bet ter roads throuhgout the ownship. We have now a number of pits that afford fairly good gravel. The amount of the proposed tax, or a much smaller amount, expended in this way would benefit all the tax payers far more than an intcrurban line. It would bring more trade to Plymouth. The better roads would pass alongside many farms and add value to them. They would add more to the weal th7 comfort and the pleas ure of the people. Josiah W. Jacoby. A Card from Jesse Hossler. ICditor Tribune: A9 I have seen several articles pub lished in the newspapers in regard to the election on the Logansport & South Bend Traction railroad, I thought I would give my view on1 the matter as it will be in the last issue before election. I will say, like the others in re gard to the road, if these rich men want the road let them build it with their own money and not with the money of poor taxpayers. As there arc many widows who can not vote and others who have guardians to look after their interests, it would be a' disgrace for the road to tax the widows and orphans heavily Down with this humbug of a road." Look out for the future of your wife and children and you will have mon ey in your pocket. If anything is highway robbery, it is the rich men wanting your money to build this road, and if you should want a free ride, ihey would say pay or get off. Who wants to walk five of ten miles to get a ride for about two miles? Be wise and be on hand at the polls early, and vote no, and see that your neighbor votes the same. Look in the Bible and see where it gives the Ten Commandments, and where it reads, "Love thy neighbor as thy self." How could a man vote a tax against his neighbor and not violate the Ten Commandments? Be honest, taxes are high enough and provisions too, and wages low; and when some grafter comes along the people ex pect to get something for nothing, and they go head first to grab at the bait and the first thing they know they get caught- ßo Jook out, be ware. These railroad men are lead ing you into a snare, and after they get you iri once they will do with you as they please. So when you get a chance to keep -out stay out, and you will thank me for telling you so. We have enough grafters right here at home without having some schem ers to come along and want the poor people to build their road. We have men in office here that want the world and a fence around it, if they could get it. If I want a fence built I go and buy my wire and posts and built it, and don't ask the odds of anybody, and a house too, if lwas to build one. Who is going to buy you a railroad and give it to you? No body. I should say, not. And so with these men tha4 want the people to raise their t taxes a little higher. I for one, say no. W don't want to be humbugged b a lot of grafters but if any of tl e people want to give money to the road let them give it, but don't go to the polls and vote a tax against your neighbor! Let those who vote for jb road pay the tax, and let the rest who did not vote for the road, reduce their taxes. If those who voted for the road found it did not go close by their tarms or house, as they expeced, they would go around howling like yoJves. I will be like Johnny on the spot, I will be there earjy and vote No, and I advise every voter to vote the same way. Don't vote against your neigh bor, be fair and honest. Consider what you are doing before you mark your ballot. You will remember me as the m.-.n who advised you to vote no, and you will thank me. I would not put anything in the paper that I am ashamed of s landing up for. If I have anythinr to say I would as soon say it to a man's face as beYmd his back. I hope that the' voters will all be at the polls early and vote. Don't stay at home as you want to be there with the rest'. Don't forget election day, October 5th, 1907. Jesse Hossler. Dated Plymouth, Indiana, Sept. 2$, 1907. Slayer Owns Up; To Plead Guilty. Richard Walton the negro arrested in Springfield for the murder of Mrs. Lillian White Grant in her apartment in Chicago, 111., made a detailed con fession of how he strangled the woman. The confession was secured after Walton had been brought from Springfield to Chicago and lodged in the Hyde Park police station. Walton had been subjected to a series of interviews with Chief of Police Shippy and Inspector Nicholas Hunt all day.- He was roused from sleep earlv in the morning at Spring field and told of the evidence of his guilt in the hands of the police. From then on he was' given little rest and finally at 10 o'clock at night, after he was confronted with the friends he had depended upon to prove his "ali bi," he broke down and told all. Using Inspector Hunt as a dummy figure, Walton illustrated how he had tied the undervest around the kind ergarten teacher's neck and strangled her. He said that when he raised the window and entered the room she screamed. He put his kne on her breast and choked her, then knot ting the undergarment around her, neck, he stole her watch and money and fled. In Justice Court Henry Stein was arrested by the fish commissioners Sunday for being in possession of a larg fish trap. The trap was found in Stein's barn Qt Lake of the Woods. In Justice Young's court Monday morning Stein said that he knew nothing about the net and that some one had placed the net in his barn and then notified the commissioners as spite work. His trial is set for Oct. 21. The hearing of Shell Leland for attempted bribe was postponed indef initely on account of the serious ill ness of Leland. PLYMOUTH HAS A HERO. Otto Miles Outclasses a Profession alist. With the Glovesi The boxing match with all its glory, was attended by about fifty persons, at the opera house Monday night. A ring was roped off ore the stage and two fights were pulled off. a six round between Joe Carmen and Mike Mantos, and an eight round between Danny narrille and Jack Crispy, all Hungarians of Chicago. The fight, as are all such, was re ported a frost by all who attended. After the last fight, Adam Wise, who acted as time keeper, announced that Joe Carmen challenged the city and any one of its inhabitants to a lour round encounter. At this, Otto Mile's, a young husky farmer, living south of this city, who has had a few fistic encounters himself, jumped to his feet and ac cepted the challenge. Miles was then togged out in a pair of lights, and four ounce gloves, and entered the ring. His first blow landed on the champion's head and sent him spin ning across" the room, knocking down some of the nearby scenery. Af'er his second and third had land ed in about the same place, the chatri pion doubled up and tried to keep away. This continued for two rounds wiien it was broken up by Marshal Jacoby. Miles laid off from his work Tuesday to enjoy, life as a hero. Walton Caught. Richard Walton, the negro ex-convict who is supposed to have mur dered Mrs. Lillian White Grant, a kindergarten teacher of Chicago, was captured in Springfield, 111., Thurs day afternoon. The ngro admitted he had worked for Mrs. Grant just before Sept. 18, when she was killed, helping her to move her furniture.' He admitted he had robbed the flat and' had stolen the watch that was afterward found in a pawnshop. He admitted every thing but the actual strangling, of he woman. As to the murder he said: "I did not kjll her. I can prove an alibi. I am not afraid to gq b3ck o Chjchgo." Chjef of Police Shlppy and Inspec tor Nicholas Hunt of Hyde Park left for" Springfield at 10:18 Thursday night. They will interview the pris oner and expect to get a full confes sion of the murder from him. They will confront him, Inspector Hunt said.-'with such strong evidence of his guilt that he will lose all hope of his "alibi." Walton was caught by Detective James , Loomis of the Springfield force a colored policeman at ? o' clock in the afternoon. At that hour scores of detectives "armed with rifles'" from Chicago were beating the bushes in the vicinity of Summit, 111., thinking the fugitive w-as in hal ing there. It is we(l that nq darky was visible among the corn fields there at that time, for the sharp shooters were read.y to "'fire" at the slightest alarm. But Walton was not at Summit or anywhere near there. J Je was in, Springfield, and was leaving the po lice court building there at the time of his capture. He had just been or dered out of town as a vagrant by Police Magistrate Frank Early. Loo mis Recognized him as the Chicago fugitive in' the hallway of the build ing and stoped him just as he was about to go to the street. The ne gro had been a prisoner all the night before on a charge of vagrancy. No one had recognized him there. After his capture Walton denied his identity insistently until 4 o'clock in the afternoon, when Detective Sheehan and Foreign of Inspector Hunt's staff, who had been on the fugitive's trail for a week, arrived in Springfield and learned of the arrest. When Walton saw them he gave up. Hearst Launches New Party. William I. Hearst launched his Independence league as a national party Friday afternoon at a meeting in New York attended by 2U0 repre sentatives of tlA league from thirty states. The aims of the new party are declared by its promoters to be in opposition to both the Democratic and Republican parties, who are de clared to dominate by corporate in terests. Preceding the business meeting the participants were given an informal reception by Mr. Hearst at the Gil sey house. The feature of the after noon session was an address by Mr. Hearst, who told of the success of the league in New York, Massachus. etts and California, and urged, the formation of a minor league in ever, state and . the union of all in a gen eral body. The Republican and Dem ocratic parties, he said, were hope lessly in the control of corporation interests. They failed truly to repre sent the people and a third party was sorely needed. The New York state committee of the Independence League met at 1Q o'clock Saturday morning. The state convention to nominate two candi dates for associate judgesof the Court of Appeals assembled at 2 o' clock Saturday afternoon. Married. Mr. Daniel W. Overholt of Waki rusa, Ind., and Miss Margaret L. Koyamen who resides northeast of the city were united in marriage on Saturday, Sept. 28, 1907, at 2 p. m. by Rev. J. C. Smith, at the personage of the Reformed church. New School Law Held to be Consti tutional. The Attorney-General has given to State Superintendent Cotton an opinion to the effect that the new minimum wage law passed by the 1U07 General Assembly is constitu tional. Many teachers in the noncommis sioned high schools over the State are -finding fault with the new law- regulating teachers' salaries and qual ifications, passed by the last Gener al. Assembly. This new law, in rais ing the minimum salaries of teachers, also prescribed higher qualifications for teachers, one of which is" that, after 1908, graduation from a com missioned high school is necessary before one can teach. In effect this law will drive from the non-commissioned high schools many pupils who want to teach. They want to get their high school training in a com missioned high school. One of these noncommissioned high school teachers from "the south ern part of the' State went so far in his opposition to the new law as to ask that the constitutionality of the law be submitted to the Attorney General. This teacher contended that the lawr was unconstitutional because it comprised a dual subject qualifi cations and salaries whereas the ti tle concerned only the salaries. State Superintendent Cotton referred the question to the Attorney-General, who gave an opinion that the law is constitutional. In his opinion the Attorney-General says that the courts of Indiana have always been liberal in applying the section of the constitution referred to, and they "resolve all doubts in favor of the constitutionality of the act." This opinion was given to Mr. Cotton September 16, and Mr. Cotton has notified the several county superin tendents of the State that Mr. Bing ham has held the act constitutional. Immunity Bath Opens Way fcr Rail road DeaL It is believed in Chicago, that the granting of immunity to the Chicago & Alton railroad for paying rebates to the Standard Oil company, by Judge Land'3 Tuesday, removes the only obstacle in the wav of ratifica tidn of the sale by the Rock Island railroad of a controlling interest in the Alton to the Toledo, St. Louis & Western, or Clover Leaf railroad, and the consolidation ultimately of the Alton, Clover Leaf, Minneapolis & St. Louis and Iowa Central rail roads. As sp,on as tfye nucassary financial details are adjusted a reorganization of the fqur roads will be effected, but the independent organization of each may be maintained for some time and the combination deferred until it is certain that no legal complications will result. The rumor vas current in local railroad circles Tues'day that Presi dent Shonts, of the Clover Leaf, has obtained the consent of Edwin Haw- ley to make George . Ross presi dent of the Alton railroad in place of Samuel M- Felton- Since March l, 1U03, Mr. Ross has been second vice president and traffic manager of the Clover Leaf. He entered th railway service in 1879 as a clerk in the freight department of the Burlington railroad under Paul Morton. When Shonts and Morton obtained control of the Indiana Illinois & Iowa railroad, they made Mr. Ross traffic manager. After that, road was sold to the Vanderbilts, netting a fortune to Shonts and Morton, they obtained control of the Clover Leaf, and in March, 1904, made Mr. Rossi traffic manager of that system. A year later he became second vice president of the road, in charge of traffic. Samuel M. Felton is regarded as ore of E, H. Harriman's most trust ed railway lieutenants, and undoubt edly will hoM a high position on the Harriman system when he retires from the Alton. Many prominent railway oPV.'als are of the opinion that "Mr. Felton was slated by Mr. Harriman f-r the presidency of th Illinois Central railroad, but that in view of the fight being made by Stuyvesant Fih, Mr. Harriman is certain to rettin J. T Harahan as president öf the latter road. Big Ship to Be "Country Club." F.mil Boas, general agent of the Hamburg-American line and one of its' newly appointed directors, arrived at New York, Saturday on the Kais erin Auguste Victoria with the first authentic description of the biggest ship in the worhl, the Europa, the plans of which are now being con sidered by the Hamburg-American Company's officials. It will be a trifle more than 800 feet in length, or about fifteen feet longer than the Lusitan ia, Mr. Boas says, but it is not intend ed to excel that ship in speed, perfect comfort for the passengers being the essential. The Europa will be built at the yards of Harlan & Walf4 in Belfast, and will be equipped with both recip rocating and turbine engines. It will be a nineteen-knot vessel and will be launched in the spring of 1910. Its tonnage is' estimated at f0,000. It will be equipped with gymnasium, Turkish baths, tennis courts and every modern improvement that can be put in an ocean liner. Mr. Boas said, the best engineers of Europe believe the dua equipment of both reciprocating and turbine en gines will solve the vibration problem- DEATH OF WILLIAM ZEHNER. One of Plymouth's Old Residents Passes Away at Cando, N. D. Word was received by Jesse Zeh ner, from his sister, Mrs. George C Long, of Cando, North Dakota, of the death of their father, Wm. Zeh ner, at her home. Mr. Zehner has been visiting with his daughter, for about four weeks, and expected to re turn to Plymouth next week. Death came unexpectedly and the telegram received by Jesse Zehner, tells only of his demise, and that the remains will be brought here for burial. Will iam Zehner is of German des cent but of American parentage. His greatgrandfather, Adam Zehner, came from Germany in 174H, ettlcd in Schuylkill county. Pennsylvania; served in the war of the Revolution and died in the year,lSo.) at the age of S3 years. His grandfather David Zehner, was a captain in the war of 1812. At the close of the war he en gaged in the milling business and died in 1831. His father Solomon, was a miller, as were also'all of his broth ers, seven in number. Six of Solo mon's sons were millers and in 1812 he moved from Pennsvlvania tn Wayne county, Indiana, and in .1831 he moved to Marshall county, settl-j ing in the woods southeast of Argos, where he lived two weeks under an elm tree until he could build a loe cabin, which still remains; having withstood the storms of over fifty years. After a short sojourn at this place, the Zehners bought the Wolf Creek mill. In August 1832 William Zehner's father died and one year later William and David Zehner be gan the milling business on their own responsibility. William soon pur chased his brother's interest and ran the mill alone about eight years. In 18G1 he erected the mill at Sligo, which he operated until lSKG when he moved to Plymouth and began the manufacture of flour which he con tinued until his death. During his mill experience at Wolf Creek, he operated the only mill in Marshall count)', and he used to de scribe his business as having been very extensive for the time, having been compelled to run the machinery day and night in order to supply the great demand for flour. He kept no books, all the pay being taken out in toll. In fact, all kinds of business at that time was carried on by bar ter, the only money in use being a lit tie Union Plank Road currency of questionable value and a few state bank notes which were about on a par witn 'goto. About the worst money I ever saw," Mr. Zehner would say, 'vas that issued by inde pendent banks. You could not tell one day whether it would be 'worth anything the next day or not.." ft . . t ft i .t ix tne iime oi nis ueatn Air. ten ner was the proprietor of the largest flour mill in Marshall county which mill is now being run, by his son, Jesse. Mr. Zehner was married in 1838 to Margaret L. Grossman, of Lancaster county, l a., who survive-ü him, with six children: they are Sylvester V., Cyrus W., Mrs. Maty VanVactor, Mrs. SaVme Long. Mrs Ellen Car penter, and Jesse. He has five broth ers all of whom arc living, John,.of Pierceton; Abraham, at Boise City, Idaho; David and Michael at Wolf Creek; and Solomon of this city, and one sister Mr.-. Lydia Ilullinger who resides at Argos, Mr. Zehner has served four terms as trustee of West township, and formerly took an active part in poli tics,voting the Democratic ticket. He and his wife were both members of the Reformed church and were held in the highest esteem by their many friends. No funeral arrangements have as yet heen made. Mrs. Augusta Kebert, Mrs. D4uiel Kebert died at her home seven miles northwest of this city Thursday, aged 03 years, 11 months and 5 days. Deceased is survived by four child ren, Charles, residing west of this city, Daniel whojived with his moth er, Mrs. Fred Morelock and Mrs. Stull, who resides near Tyner. Mrs. Kebert is one of Marshall county's oldest settlers having resid ed at her present home the greater part of her life. Funeral will be held Sunday at the Fairmount church north of this city, interment at Fairmount ceme tery. Samantha Voreis Railsback. Mrs. Samantha Voreis Railsback, wife of Hugh Railsback, died at St. Petersburg, Florida, Sept. 20, Ho7, aged about fG years. The family lived nn a farm jut south of the An tioch church on the Michigan road for many years, but about 2 years ago they moved to Florida on ac count of her health. She was a sis ter of Wm. Voreis, and an aunt of Dan Voreis the present sheriff of the county. She was a woman of char acter, well respected by all, and the bereaved husband has the sympathy of ali. She leaves one son, Oliver, who lives at St. Petersburg. The last visit they made to Marshall count' was in June, 1003. Mrs. Sarah Burt. Irs. Sarah B. Burt died at her home in Donaldson, Friday evening, aged 77 years. Deceased is survived by five child ren, three boys and two girls. They are: Wiina A., oi Nappanec; Elmer K, cf Donaldson; C. L. Burtt of Don aldson; Mrs. Helen M. Warren with whoin her mother resfded, and Mrs. Nettie F. Hcmminger, of Plymouth. The funeral will be held at ihe Donaldson church Sunday afternoon at r..ou o'clock. Interment at Donald son cemetejy. Donald Evert Irwin Donald Evert Irwin, infant son of James H. and Mary J. Irwin, was born near Plymouth, Ind., February 2, 1U07 and died in Mishawaka, Ind., Sept. 20, 1U07. Although but a bud tl at had scarce begun to unfold, yet the sweet perfume of this little life had so rejoiced the hearts of the father and mother that it seemed un usually difficult to part with the Heaven-given blessing. - The funeral was conducted from the Richlaifi M. E. church on Sun day afternoon Sept. 22 at 2 o'clock. The pastor of this church had charge of the sen-ices. Interment was in Oak Hill cemetery. Watsori a Candidate for Governor. Representative James E. Watson, who has bten elected to congress six times from the sixth district, has announced ihat he is a candidate for the nomination for governor on the Republican: ticket, and will make an active campaign for. the nomination. Representative Watson is a pro duct of Randolph county. He was born at Winchester, Nov; 2, 18G4, and was educated at the Winchester High School and DePauw univer sity. His father was one of the most prominent lawyers of eastern India.ia, and "Tin seeking a profession the young man naturally drifted into the law. He was admitted to the bar hi 18SG. He is a member of the Knights o-f Pythias and has been grand chancellor of that order. He is a memher of the Methodist church and has served two . terms as presi dent of the State Epworth League. In congress he hasi made a brilliant record and his advancement has been rapid. Probably no other member of the lower house is as close to Speak er Cannon as Mr. Watson. He is a ' member of the ways) and means com mittee and the committee on mer chant marine and fisheries and iä "whip" of the house, 'a position sec ond only to that of the speaker in managerial importance. His ability as an orator of tre mendous resources' has, been demon strated repeatedly. He was the lead ing figure on the slump in Indiana in the campaign of 1904, and the ad- dresses which he made during that campaign created a great deal of fav orable comment. Speaker Cannon, who is very fond of him, frequently, refers to him as the most eloquent man in the house of representatives on either side." It is generally! conceded now thlt Watson has formally announced himself in Indianapolis newspapers as; well as in the Sixthu district pap ers and papers outside the state, th.t the fight will be between him and Charles W. Miller. With the two playing against veach other, a third man may slip himself in, but this is doubtful. The: average man today recognizes only Watson ' and Miller in the race. Of the "field- William L. Taylor is most talked about, he has been a perennial candidate who has fa'len by the wayside in former years after the first ballot. Czar's Whip Hand Still Over Hague, The effort to make future interna tional conferences automatic and in dependent of the will of any sover eign has failedt and it is nw certain Emperor Nicholas of Russia will con voke the next eonfereuce as usual. In he original propositions, draft ed by Gr;at Britain and then by the LT'iitcd States, there were two un concealed intentions namely; to se cure automatic periodic meetings of the conference every five or every seven years and the withdrawal of the of the power to call future confer ences from Russia not on account of any feeling against the Russian emperor but on the principle thit the conference should be automatic and independent. The delegations interested in the question were first induced to re nounce their own propositions, as they might have appeared disagree able to Russia, allowing Nelidoff, the president of the conference, who is a Russian himself, to present the reso lution voted Sept. 21, which assumed the character of a generous renunci ation on Russia's part of interference in the convocation of future confer ence so that the desired periodicity disappeared. As the resolution does not men tion who shall convoke the conven tion. Dr. Beldimans, the Roumanian delegate, deliverd a speech in which, after dwelling on the initiative of Emperor Nichalos and the hospital ity of Queen Wilhelmina, he said that in view of such omission it was un derstood that Emperor Nicholas should convoke the. next conference, Dr. Beldimans speech was a sur prise to all present except M. Neid idofT. The delegations of the coun tries which desired to terminate Rus sia's right to convoke the conference kept silent, either because none of their members was: a sufiicitnt master of the French language to answer ap propriately in a speech in that tongue or in the fear that their objection might be. taken as disrespectful to Russia. The Tribune against graft always.