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Marshall County Democrat. (Plymouth, Ind.) 1855-1859, March 13, 1856, Image 1

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J - -T Tfr Jim ttfTi rnTlifAyjj
H 4 'M '' t
1 111 I II
VOL. 1,
Easiness Cards not exceeding throe linos, baser
ted under thi head, at 1 per annum.
' IVrsoiw advertising in the "Democrat"- l.y tlie
rear, will be emitted to a Card i: the Humes. Di
revtorv, without adilitiotud charge.
ITavsball (Tounti) Bcmotrat
We have on hand an extensive assortment of
And are prepared to execute
Of every description and quality, such as
11 lXU HI fJ.S,
And in short, Wanks ot every variety aim ueicni
tion, on the shortest notice, & on rea-:on.dle terms
... . t .1 - J..
Fly mouth, Ind.
Drv Goods and Crocerios, Writ door cast ot
Michigan street,. riyinouth, Iii.U
(;hhI-i and Groceries, comer Michigan and
l-i Torte streets, Plymouth, lad.
. Groceries, south comet I..: Porte and Micli
streets, l"h ;....ith, bvl.
1 . Drv ChhIs & Groceries, Ihkk Store Mich
igan street,
. PI r mouth, I nd
and Groccries,corner or Michigan and Gano
streets Plymouth, Ind.
in Dry Good & Groceries Plymouth, Ind.
CS sV'kaTkivvxd.'iale'r in dry
JC. Goixls, Hardware, etc.,. . Plymouth, Ind.
Mukcr, Plymouth, lud.
Stoves, Tin vy re, &c, Plymouth, Ind.
Jg a. aI1d Medicines,
.Plymouth, lud.
N. R. pa'kau:, A. visnkhov.
fi & Retail Gi-;ceri Piviuouih, Lid.
0 l'rv",i;i:t.
Plvniouth, Int.
3" W. DAM-,
lP 9 Maker,. . .
.... -
ir..s is, iii.i. .ui 1 11, 1
Plvniouth. lud.
IC. ii;il(:(;s, ULACKSMnir," :
riviuoiiili. lud, ;
. . .
B ST1IONC, Plvniouth, lud
iALON, IJY M. lI.TinPdlS,
Plvnioiitli, In'!.
Si SON, Plymouth, bid.
1 1 11 Tilt III tli . lud.
4 C. CA I
"jL selor at
Iiw Plvniouth, I nd.
tNot.irv Puhüe Plymouth, lud.
Ph mouth, Ind.
I,AW .Plyuneith, Ind.
l'lvmouth, bid.
Plvniouth, bid.
X CEON ii. Druiriri-t, Plymouth, In I.
rrcs imowx, phvsu ian ä: sur-
CEON, Piymouth, lud.
5. CEON, Plymouth, Ind.
GKON, Plymoicdi, Ind.
I). GBA Y, Kci.kctic PiirsiciAx,
Plymouth, Ind.
cte, 1 lymoutn, iihi.
rious kinds of Meat, Plymouth, Ind.
si'n Plymouth, Inl.
And dealer in I'lour Plymouth, lud.
Lninher, .Ve Plymouth, fin I.
.li iker, Plymouth, lud.
Sm, Pro- rift us, Plymouth, lud.
Alfred Hilluvr.-, Plyar.uth, Im!.
rers of Plows kc, PWmouth, hid
We n )w I. ive a pool fujij.lv of Blank Deda and
Mnrtap?,-of an apro'-nl foriu-wpniited In the
first tyle of the art, on fino white foU) not, and
; for tile at ouo dollar per quire, or fivo eeht.) i;i"l
and jirinU I to order on short notice. Justicea
; blaulki printed toonltr, and on rcasonnhle term. at
Tun Omer.
1 .VIUOUTU. l!l!.
- -- oi.uiaviix,i.M u uii; ciw-A,-i,vss in ii.K- ii ps, ' : Tt. T.;.. ! anu uur io e-igni leei long, ai iniu eim n i ' ( 1 t ? i 1 -i i
TTK N U Y P I E 11 1! E , DBA LEU IN CLO- VV . , ,.. . . therefore, to disguise his feelin-s. and trust I DoST Trams. : . , ..' . fl. n ,. ;n, ovv.uA' b.,;,ts. Khf? I be dcM-nb.'d.
- . . , ... . . . .,.1 t l -'.in: up mill .1 loou ' 1 H'.eillllll.t Tin, M'l III ' o ' , t-5 wv in u i ii .1 1 11 1 11 in. wi ui v.i .1 bi 1- 11 i 11 ii - --0 1 li , , : . .1 .,.1 t f. . r., 1 1 i ,.ll1M.,, r
S 8 thaiir 4'; 1 uni'.-iiviij: ('i'.s, l !v;a !i:li, ini. i . .1 , ... 1 : 1 i 1 e 1 1 ! t. 1 1 1 1 1 1 r tv .... .- . , , , : lJ;eie is no tloulit Iiom the ciiaracicT 01
' fYp;. !MIWK ,ivv-FU'TIT.!'KiKoW:, imrairo(l ,nil1 aml b,.nigant : t,,a I? Mi liad It is well known that 'the Lake Superior j lM t may be painted and decora ed fan-1 Daily walking .s as requisite to health vjr ilif..r.il:IIlt that the burning mountain
A of tiS ' .:!..lNVmth,I.'.d ! expression whi.di reigned over his genera! ' 1 1,0 f'vit,es were renewed, but soon j mineral region h situated in high northern f "S Ur U ar0- 1 " do' h:l.s ! as th- wearing of in.pervious shoes. The ' itl S(..,u county, is icallv a volcano, and it is
- - , '-' ,n-r'AT jvr.. ;ri,,prP nI; asp-et. Like the others of the boat, he wore 1 alin clisturbtl l.v a Cond discharge of, latitudes, atvl is inaccessible in winter for a IllLU '''"f" W "l a " V- wives and daught. -is of our rieh men, w ho : verv probable ih it the mysterlms noise
7Y X .VI. L. 'AIT. MA.Mh' At 1 Ul!I,lt Ol' 1 " . , A . ..,.., ,i. . , , .. ,i . i i . ti neck, and traces attached to the torepart ot t . ' , . . . , ;,i.
W Cabinet Ware, Plvm ,uth, Ind. a dark blue coat w id. broad buff lacings, ' xw caIl- 1 ,10 1'un to re- fteamboats or caerland by teams. J he I never take exercise except in a carri-.ge, ; 1 lately has fome connection uh H.
- - " iii. ii-4i i. o-ard oaeh other with dl -ii. c:f ..;,..,,. udialniants keep up an occasional comma- " ' ' " w T ' i ,i D , : I wi Wine again, when I shall gain fur
ai.n 1T.R 4 IT4ANCIS, IIOIVE ('APPEN- dos.lv buttoned to the tnroat, heavy gold 'd oath ot,r ,l 1 '") nic,ltio!1 with tl.o world by means of do- I !7nwrn vVr-v Uh!' öotl,;it l tum" an! "ml?rmi!,ln- oonslitutions quite . f -;J fonir(li.;7, fn,m tl,0 tiartios lio pro-nt.-rJ..h
:, .......Phmoutl,, Ind. epaulets, buckskin small clothes, high mil- ni,(1 m'H"' were the glances cast upn trains, which convey the mails and li-hl i l1,:s ovei; y ,r hl. t" as ciil-ctually as tho:e of their own sex, , vi-it tl volcano. Respectfully
M W. SMITH. JIVTICE()1T11E PEA(-E,itarv ljots, with spurs of ste.d, while a "gsdale, who showed symptoms of tinea- articles of traflie. A correspondent of ?h"i l 1S, walking behiml, brings it up ww xinal,lo to keep Coaches vet imitate j VuUr servant." J. W. W.
. Vet side Michigan st., Plymouth, Ind. j buff lU j,, ' siness, while everandanoii he locked from Cleveland Herald, writing from Eagle ,iv- j 'k ' Tht- r f ur tlu'm in Wt'ari,,o t'i' drawing room slices, j
-fl.!.I"'lT &0..f MAXrrA(;TIMlKP4S JK . h. woru a straight sword. Itcader, it was ', window upon the broad green wn j a,, mUMesting account of this , ' Svl or 'all ' The om- injured by wet f,4. the other by Thinks I to Myself.
Iii ;.g:is, Carnages V Plows. Plyiinnitu, lud. j 0 - .1 1 AV.fwi 1 t .1 , . ... , mode of traveling. Alter stating t :e dif- , , , , , e ... .
. . : - Genera ashmton. ; extended to the iner s edge, as it 111 ; f . . . ;V , , c ' tandem, or two abreast am one as a leader. 1 want of proper ex -ivis). It is a common ... . , . 4 . . , .
m 1 ,vv c. xitrror At wit crru- 0 , e . lerent routes to the settl.-ments, none of : ., , ..... . ; . 1 . , e are miebte.l to a worthy and observ-
n : .i x . IC 1 ' liv,. ,V ! As the br& gained the opposite shore, ! exportation ofso.no one s arrival. , wlich lMVScnt a be;l(JI, or cVcll a wcI1.d,.. ! '' l1?' ho-P''doking dogs are ; th,,,., at this inclement s,-a.,n e,f lhe year, j r- fr M;rsnv of f ..iW-S.,, hints:
f I t 1 1 C if 0 f if II .
Hours there are when fancies oltleii
Come unhidden to my soul
-Fancies of youth's glad and golden
Season o'er me roll.
When I rove in pleasant places,
Shadowy wood or punny plain,
Dearest old familiar faces,
Meet my glance again.
Meet the glance of teeming fancy,
Thrill and fill my loneliness;
0, what rarest necromancy
Memory has to bless.
Life than this ppell,hath no brighter;
Though ye fail the gay to please,
Ye do mate my sad heart lighter,
Uldcn memories !
, . -
It was an autumnal evening the Forests .
had begun to don their robes of gorgeous
colors. The. fields, shorn of their harvest
treasures, lay like golden lakelets in the
rich and mellow sunset. The noble High
lands, like giant warriors, clothed in their
canopy of rocks and foliage, threw their
sullen shadows far upon the glorious Hud
son, which, rolling along its path of beau
ty, gleamed like a fallen rainbow in the in
numerable tints of accidental glory. The
first star was twinkling on the brow of
twilight, when a barge was seen to leave
the promontory oft" West Point, in the
neighborhood of which we locate our nar
rative, in tho year 17C2. In it were sever
al j arsons attired in the military costume
of that neriod. who. with well measured
strokes of their oars, ni.nl their sma 1 boat
dart over the g. dden waters like a ray of !
light. In the stern was seated a man about
0 ' - n.i-7 nnu . lll.lll iiuvill!
fifty years of age. His head was uncover-',
ed, and reveali-d to view a wide and eapa-
cious brow; his features were marked and
masculine; hU mouth which was i- uliar-
. .... .....
one of the rowers leaped upon the bank, i
and made it fast to thc root of a willow .
"lieh Hung its gracefal boughs over the!
river. Tlie rest of the party tlien landed, '
i j i
. . . . . 1
and, uncovering, saluted their command- i
er, who respectfully returned lhe courtesy. :
'By ten o'clock you may expect me,' j
said Washington.
e cautious-
look well 1
that you are not surprised. These. are noi th,'cjG niinutcs more I shall be the possess
tlnies for trilling. or of a coronet, and thc cause of tho repub-
Depend 'upon us replied one of the lic 1)0 no mre.' Then, turning to Wash-
'I do he responded, and bidding them j U'mo eneral. pledge me to the suc
farewell, depaited along the bank of the j cess of our armies.' The eyes of Kugsdale,
river. !a tnat monient, encountered the scrulini-
That evening a parly was to be given at j
the house of one of his old and valued
friends, to which he, with several other j tiJ St &r at a degree as to partly spill the
American officers, had been invited. It was j contents of the goblet. With difficulty he
seldom that he participated in festivity, conveyed it to his lips; then returning to
more especially at that period, when cwry j tnc window, he waived his hand, this ao
momeiit Avas fraught w ith danger; neverthe-j ,'on was immediately responded to by a
less, in respect to an old acquaintance, by ; tnri discharge of the cannon, and the En
the solvations of Miss Uuby Kugsdale, the ! rtr,'su anthemof 'God save the King burst
daughter of the host, he had consented to!111 volume upon the ear, and a band of
relax from the toils of military duty, and
honor the party for a few hours with his
After continuing his path along the riv
er's side for a few moments, he struck in
to a narrow road, Ixmlered thickly with
brushwood, tinted with a thousand dves of
departed summer. Suddenly a crashing
among the branches was heard, and, like a
deer, a young Indian girl bounded into the
path, and stood full in his presence. He
started back with surprise, and laid his
hand upon his sword; but lhe Indian only
fell upon her knoe, placed her linger upon
her lips, and by a sign w ith her hand for
bade him to proceed.
'What seek you, my wild flower?' asked
the General. She started to her feet, drew
a small tomahawk from her belt of wampum,
and imitated the act of scalping an enemy
then, again waiving her hand as if f ubid-'
ding him to advance, she darted into the!
bushes, leav ing him lost in amazement.
'There is danger,' said he to himself, af
ter a pause, and recovering from his sur
prise. 'The Indian's manner betokens me
no good; but my trust is in God; he has
never yet deserted me. And resuming his
way, he soon reached the mansion of Kufus
His appearance was tho signal for joy
among the party assembled, each of whom
vied with the others to do him honor. Al
though grave in council a id bold in war,
in the bosom of domestic bliss no one knew
better how to render himself agreeable.
Protestations of friendship and welcome
were warmly tendered by tho host Fast
and thickly the guests were assembling; the
smile, the laugh, and the mingling music
rose joyously around. But alas! a serpent
lurked amid the flowers!
In the midst of their hilarity, tho boom
of a cannon burst suddenly upon the air,
startling the guests and suspending the
dance. Washington and his officers look
ed at each other in surprise; but their fears
were quickly dispelled by Rugsdale, who
assured them that it was only a discharge
of ordnance in honor of his distinguished
The joy of the moment was again resum
ed; but the gloom of suspicion had fallen
upon the spirit of Washington who now,
in moody silence, sat aptfrVfrojn the hap
py throng. '
A slight tap upon his shoulder at length
roused him from his abstraction, and look-
Jng up, he saw the person of the Indian
trirl standing in the bosom of a myrtle bush
, . . . . .
lla! again here!' he exclaimed with as
tonishmcnt; but she motioned him to be si
lent, and kneeling at his feet, presented him
with a boquct of flowers. Washington re
ceived it, and was about to place it to his
breast, when she grasped him firmly by the
irm, and pointing to it, said in a whisper,
Snole! Snaie!' and the next moment
mingled with the company, who appeared
to recognize and welcome her as one well
known and esteemed.
Washington regarded the boquct with
wonder; he saw nothing in it to excite sus-
picion; her words and singular appearance
had, however, sunk deeply into his heart,
and looking closer ujxn the nosegay, to
his T he saw a small piece of paper ,
in thc mi,Ist of t,lc flüVrors' I,asti,-V hc i
.1........ : e .r. i . . r 1.1 i v
yu u kmu., anu, coniounueu anu nonor
stl,cli0' 10;ul: yon arc IdnomW
U was ,unv aPF-'"t lie was within the (
(IcUofthe lcr; but to (luit h abruptly
nn-"1 uraw consummation ot ireacnery
... ! .1. . .1 ,1 r . i
I 1 1 i". L'tAAllA. ........ 1.,-. 1t.,n,l
m. CJIVV.UH,1 ll"'ll III.-, III..IU.
hat can detain thorn he muttered to ,
i,:,- if 4,. ,1.1 1 1 .
nIt. Can they have deceived me?
u,l' answer they not the signal?' At this
moment a bright llame arose from the liv-
... . .
n. ill.in. r .. .. ... . il 1
K l "''" a momeni me surrounu-
luS 'enery, and showing a small boat, fill-
vtl uith Irsons, making rapidly towards
1,10 sho,o- 'AU s well,' lie continued; 'in
ingion, he said:
zu, 'MJk of Washington, and sunk to the
g"luml. his hand trembled violently even
attired in British uniform, with their
faces hidden w ith masks, entered the apart
ment. The American officers diew their
swords, but Washington, cool and collect
ed, stood with his arms folded on his breast,
and quietly remarked to them. 'Be calm,
gentlemen, this is an honor we did not an
ticipate.' Then, turning to Kugsdale, he
said, 'Speak, sir, what does this mean?'
'It means replied thc traitor, placing
his hand upon the shoulder of Washington,
'that you are my prisoner. In the name of
King George, I arrest you!'
Never!' exclaimed the General. We
may be cut !o pieces, but surrender we
will not; therefore, give way!' and he waiv
ed his sword to the guard, who stood with
their muskets leveled, as if ready to. lire
should he attempt to escape. In an instant
were their weapons reversed, and dropping
their masks, to the horror of Kugsdale, and
the agreeable surprise of Washington, his
own brave party, whom he had left in
charge of the barg, stood revealed leforo
'Seize that traitor!' exclaimed the com
mander. 'In ten minutes let him be a spec
tachs between the heavens and the earth.'
The w ife ami daughter clung to his knees
in supplication, but an irrevocable vow
had passed his lips, that never should trea
son again receive his forgiveness after that
of tho miscreant Arnold. 'For my own
life he said, while the tears lolled down
his noble countenance at tho agony of the
wife and daughter, I heed not; but the lib
orty of my native land, tho welfare of mill
ions demands this sacrifice; for the sake of
humanity I pity him, but by my oath, and
now, in tho presence of heaven, I swear I
will not forgive him.'
Like a thunderbolt fell these words upon
the heart of tho wife and daughter. They
sank lifeless into the arms of the domestics,
and when they recovered consciousness,
Rugsdale had atoned fordiis treason by the
sacrifice of his life.
It appeared that, the Indian girl, who
was an especial favoriteand domesticated
in the family, had overtieard the intention
of Rugsdale to betray the American Gener
al and other valuable officers that evening
into the hands of the British, for which
purpose they had been invited to this 'least
of Jtnlas.1 Hating in her heart the enemies
of America,.wholuid driven her tribe from
theijißreats, she-resolv.d to frustrate the
design, and consequently waylaid the steps
of Washington as we hv.ve described; but
failing in her noble purport', she had re-
tIIIPM fil fill TIlHv In ft 1M 1l H if llu I
Sc:.rc?ly had she imparted her informa
tion, and the shadows of night closed around,
when a company of Riiiish soldiers were
discovered making their way rapidly to
wards the banks of the Hudson, within a
short distance of the spot were the Ameri
can pal tv was waiting the return of their
commander. Bold in the cause of liberty,
and knowing that immediate action could
alone preserve him, they rushed upon and
overpowered them, stripped them of their
uniforms and arms, bound them hand and
t r..t ii..., .1...:.. i i ... .i. .
im in in UK.-M uoui, uuuer wie
charge of two of their companions, and sent
them to the American camp at West Point, i
Having disguised themselves in the habili
mo5,ts uf 1,10 vwmy 'lht'-v 1' to the
l e i i i i . .i .
i.ouse vi uugsuaie, wnere, ai me appoint
'IIO III'. S. lvl 1 i V Ol OlIUCI IL IS 0 I 111" O.OL5
el time and sign, made known to them by train that this long and drearV route is
the Indian, they opportunely arrived to the j maintained. "
relief of Washington, and the confusion ofj A tram or sledge is a very simple affair,
!.i ,
me traitor.
lined track, ho goes
cd track, ho goes 0.1 to speak as follows:
, .1 1 ...
sucn are me iroen spaces over winch a
vi-oil. ill li 1111:111 11:1 1 1 - I)-.WI '1IKI lllclf il.ir;
e t. 1 1 ...if 1. 1 1 1 1
, , ... 1 1 ....1 1 .4 1 1
" . J ' ' . ..... ...... .. . V lt. .11'. II I 1 '
4ii-.ii ii" s
vi.iii tun. uitin luv. ivnvio nun '111.1,1 11.-
4... .11.. .... . I c
tined lor our amusement and miormatiou.
ii NM.1 e.uiies iiom iiuy 10 seveill-me
, , i . if , ii r
pounds, and trom thirty to htty miles.
. .. . . J. ..
, , e . 4.f, . ...
His two dogs go before him with a sledge
or lwd At r I I tint 1.. .ir-il ft,.it.. ..,!
His two dogs go betöre him with a .sledge
. 1 I .i ii i l i ii
or shed with a Hat board bottom, and draw
. .. i " i i . ., ' ' , i ' i
twoliundred and fifty to three hundred
This load, however, is not all letters and
packages. All men must eat and an Indi
an in particular. He must carry a half ax
or hatchet, a plenty of blankets, and some
thing for his dogs to eat, as well as him
self. What can be more desolate than
such a lournev? Vet many lieisons from
here make the tri) every Vinter on busi-
,,CS!? m company w Uli the mail.
Sometimes they have the trail of a pre
vious party, but the snow, which falls al
most every day, soon ohli te rates f heir foot
steps. Perhaps there is a line of blazed
trees which they follow, but more often
they are guided through the forest by the
'make of the ground,' or by tlie sun, if it
should occasionally peep through the mists
and snows of a winter sky.
Thus they go, from the Ii i st dawn of day
to tin twilight of evening; over lakes and
mountains, through swamps and thickets
that in summer would be impassable, but
now smoothed up level with snow.
The universal ever-green trees arc bend
ing to the ground with a load ol snow on
their branches, that frequently obstruct the
This dismal procession of Indians; white
men and dogs, go in single lile, a few feet
apart, and for hours they travel on, at the
hight of their speed, without a word or a
It is too much of a task to clear away
the snow, start a fire, heat the water, thaw
the bread, and prepare a forest meal, to
stop for it at noon. But at evening, when
the shades of hyperborean night begin to
gather among ibe brant lies of the trees,
and the northern winds howl more earnest
ly, tho company look about for a shelter
place in sonn ravine where there is water,
and some dry w ood for a lire, and then de
posit their load of blankets and provision.
They scrape away the snow with their
snow-shows, down to the ground, thus
making a wall of frost around them three
or four feet high.
Some cut wood for the, night, others
break olFthe boughs of the pine, balsam or
cedar, and Jay them down for a bed. An
other procures some birch bark that is dry
and some dry sticks, and soon, striking lire
by his Hint and steel, or his matches, has a
cheerful llame with its grateful heat enliv
ening tho place.
It is also necessary to build a lodge or
house of boughs overhead to keep otf the
falling snow, under which they all gather
and cook their supper with great glee. If
a camp of Indians has been passed during
the day, there will be fresh venison, that
will occupy the best position around the
lire, suspended upon the sharp points of
limber sticks set in the ground and leaning
towards the heat. There may be, howev
er, only some salt pork, or ham and flour,
made ed-ible by a short-handled frying-pan
and f-ome water.
It would astonish city people to see the
quantity of such materials that disappear
on such an occasion. The meal or rather
the feast, is really intended for the whole
of tho next twenty-four hours. When it is
finished, the part- begin to unpack their
feet and their blankets.
The various articles that the feet are
sandaled in for winter are so numerous and
so peculiar, that I must defer the descrip
tion till another time.
The blankets being well spread, the fire
made for the night, the dogs fed, and the
disljes washed, the crowd, animal and mor
tal, Indian and white, doubles itself togeth
er in most friendly contiguity, and goes to
.sleep. Long before daylight the inmates
I iug.ng arc in mo
e .1 ; . i ... l l l ;.. ... .?
j me yiunub mat uvvae lioni n are jngiiMi,
French and Indian, and all grades of lan
gu.-tgo composed of a mixture of them" all.
The moccasins are taken down from their
di ving places, the haty morning repast
l i tt.t i . i j
wjucn was cooKea tne niglit belore, is
harnessed, and all made, readv for a start
at tlie li i st light of day. What piteous
i. i;,..c 1....... .1 o .r.t o.
Inclii'd tu 1k Ir.-iiii! 1 ho li'imMii n-irt of
l..ill 'OliI -;.4Vr-:.-3C.. I. U I .11 Uli;i till, ill
iw 111V llillll. 4. iiU Jlillliail 11.11 l Ol
.1,. e,v,h.,do .r th.Ar n,, ,,,d ,1! L...
take themselves again to the dreary labors
of the day.
Thus is kept up a stream of commercial
intelligence from Montreal, by the way of
Lake Superior, the Lake of the Woods, and
Lake Winnipeg to the heads of the Pacific
Ocean. No matter at w hat expense, nor
in vhat climate or season, either by land
or water, wherever on the surface of the
globe sli6 has a resident subject on the
Artie Sea, or on a desolate Island, perhaps!
a mere rock wherever an Lnglishman
wishes to practice trade, there will be pro-
vided for him some stated means of com-
municating with Kugland. For the benefit
of the fur trade in North America, tiiere is
, . . , ,
a iiiomim iiaii'j arioss nie ciuiuiieni, ami:
in the severity of winter it is by the do
! It is i.ierely a thin board of birch, or sugar-
tree, tni;i eight to fourteen inches w ide,
; lL ' V r I
i ll to ea.t. anil arc awtu! v lhraMied into the
il.ijillTit 11-111 1I1.. It. l-j.llliklil 1 , f IK
1 , . .... . ,.
n-n tne nam slops mcy nc
j I .i 1 ...1 .1. :.. C ,. 1
1 110 ii 111 iiiesnow, aim hiti neu leet ue-
; 111 I .1 JfcI 1 ,1
i,imii'.. 0. 'n; nun wn.ii. (,3 mi 1 i.'iiijinin, ui i
; , . . , . , . - ,
iiioni uiosi. ooioiousiv neu uie
i i . .11 i t. ... .i. ...
. , .
i monislied to go.
, . , . . . , ,
I ! Il!l llll'lW I 111 iWl'Vl'l With 1 li'i 7f( TK
1 r
, , ..... 1 i. .
i oi inen, hol oi io"'s mi iiioecasiiis, siio
' .... .. . .. .. , '
' packs, and the like. NJoah V.
i t
hnve be-n a very learneil man, but itseems i bility 01 ventilation, let many fonia!' , Wl ou'IeMce banks f manure rest
he never saw a 'shoy-pack or a 'nepe.' rom;l( i:i 6lu.. TtMtmf at this "season o(hv, ;,..,,t a barn during the summer sea-
So vour readers will get no light on those : , , r , ., . 1 0 0 . 1.. . i ?. i,,,;!,!;..,.. thii.la
. . j. ,. 0 ; the year, week after week, vuth.mt once ! s .i; serving onlv to rd the building, minks
v 1 .."A. ':,::i: 1 1 I .n.r m.t mrinllr i f ih-v are i,s rirt-um -! I to myself, that manure might be better
j.ii 11 m -en ui.eu g,iuieiuau jiiom a
that leavh?r is, per ae, no more calculated
to warm the feet, or to keep them warm
than rolled zinc or sheet iron. It will
,. .:. . 1. . 4 1 a:
s MiH.'iiiucs kc.mi mt viaici, ami sometimes
it won't. But the moccasins and shoe-packs
of the Indian there are no remembrancs
of feet benumbed and rendered bloodless
by compression, of sud'ering toes, and
mm . .1 . . .1. ; . 1..
Aiie snoe-iiacK is inereiv a moccasin
j e A , . . i 11 1 i ! 1 nere are inereioie, iu lauus en-iu-.-made
ot tanned leather, tin; black side in. i
. . . ... . ! J T .. i 1 .11, 11. 4lV1 All i1 111 O ti
lhe -nop.; is a square piece ot blanket,
large enough to cover the foot and ankle;
and both shoe-packs and moccasins aie
made of such liberal dimensions, that after
two pair.? of socks are put on the feet, tw
pairs of nepos may be wrajied about them,
and the moccasin tit easy over all. A pair
of feet thus equipped, have the appearance
of a gouty subject bandaged and swathed
to keep away the twinges. Yet nothing is
farther removed from twinges than mocca
sins. Every toe and every joint, is left as
free to move as if nothing incumbered
them. Xo sutlering from the cd I and
frost, no matter how severe the weather, or
now wet tne i-ei may ue. it, c,eaf coin
winter limes, the snow is so dry that it does.
not melt and wet the soft spungy skin of
which the moccasin is made. T.he whole
r,)n 1 lltrllf Ollfl Wtflllfl if f ll.k 1I. Ill lilt I 1-ril .
mains as warm and comfortable as a mouse
.11 II llglll, ! 411- iiiwin".! V
in his nest.
The Indian knows no corns. He has no
more conception of cold feet than an Afri
can under tho equator has of ice. Ho is
cold every where else before he is coll in
his feet.
I know an old man in Ohio, who had
been a prisoner with the Wyandot f. He
was liberat'd, but could never be persuad
ed to give up his moccasins.
In deep snows no one can travel without
another article culled u snow-shoe. Tlie
print it makes uj'on the ground resembles
a small balloon, and the tracks of the trav
eler look like anything but the impression
of a human foot. They are two to two and
a half feet long, and six to eight inches
w ide, composed of a rim or bow bent in the
form fthi cords ol a balloon, and inter-
J laced in every direction with deer-skin
thongs like net-work. 1 hc toes are put in
to a loop near the forepart of the 'racket'
as some call itand the thong w hich forms
the loop gxs round thc ankle. fc
! To see them no one would suspect they
; were designed for walking; yet all survey
j ing m the winter 13 performed on them
New be-inners are liable to a swellin- of!
the tandoms of the ankle and leg, and of-
ten become entirelv helpless. .Many are
the sad tales of suffering told by men who
have been abandoned and left alone in the
ilonfli: i"f n iiorflir-rii urihlevnos; fr lvcnvcri
their Strength
Rcmembor that such parties, unless they
have dogs, onlv earrv what will answer
for a given number of "days. If thev should i
all stop, thev would all starve. The usual j
course is to shorten tho allowance of those
who can go on, and thus incr-ase the stock
of those who are left. If thev recover and I
come on, it is verv well; if no't, someone isi
Tl.. -r.t.i.K-
AWord to the Ladies.
Tlie old adaoy; "aptly says, 'Anounc? of
preventative is worth a pound of cure.' -
. , . - . 1 . ,.
hen we consider how fatal a diseasoeon-
sumption is, and how compaiitivelycay it
is to avoid it, we are more than ever im-
u ivirl. h fmfli rS tl,i old nrov-
, Tx . , , , e , ,
erb. During the last few davs we have
II 1 ill 111V It Ulli ' vv
' -
; !..-. .....,..1 41 f.. Ii ..I
: " . .
nvo yvl,.,.i-i mi li-M-i ciiih Mil m 1 1 ir Mim
Sent back with orovisions.
a simple one but not always eiiectu L- son' p thrit space cf several acres
Thev burn tlie place with lire, or a hot ; ruitiiJlho top the trees are dead or dv
etone, so as to create a soro at the rai f.ee. ! lr' vuI-Miily destroyed by the heat at their
Tie French call this disuse the ,ml tte :i:d tne loavc3 flff, withered
t 1 1 j during the summer. At night tho mouu-
i , , I'll .... ,o r ,
i min W"R1 luive sw?, Vl'Z lv opiv.sit Pittsburg, and not far from th.
tl' ith tho snow a foot deep at the
crossing, in low, paper-thick shoes, thin -
i ' i , . , ,
nor than the thinnest worn by men m tho
summertime. Will the sex ever exhibit
common sense in regard to this matter.
There is but one proper covering for the
1 l
f r . :. . :.K , j 1 .. ,1 . .
foot 01 a woman, in either cold or sloppy
. ,A
weather, and that is a Wellington boot,
suchaseverv gentleman uses
lu fact the
protection which it affords to the legs es
pecially against wet, is, more necessary in
j the case of women than of men, bee:uis
j u s,1(.. a t10 j.;,,.., :l.r:inn calf-
1 . 1 r .1 r 1 a-
! skin or morocco, ins ?au 01 the limb. e
; are glad to see that within a few years
I .... . 1 . T
; those high boots are beginning to be worn mW!,tnlns and rcmot0 from set
j by (he ladies; but they are by r.o means . k wo wlU b.m f our tentif-
universal, as they ought to b, and it i ie men, --t:ley 'f instane-, to visit and
itv th.at the leatlcrs f f ;shioii AY.uld
I ladies congratulate- thcm-1vos on
their warm rooms, vet often tliese furnace
; J1...O0.I iivirimi.ii)! fiio ...!v ecs 1 .. . eri-
; n.- . ... . ...... ..
1 1 , . 11 , l.'l 1
.hu, 11 i ii i ü '.a,..,.u inni vi ii;.. u'
i .-
l"!gar. teuften enter parlors where tn-
: ..vi .1 1
thermometer is wliere me air is lairiv
U-orched. and where to can the climax.1
' M.M .1...,,.;. .i.,, ... v.d,ol. n,.,
4 " a
1 ...:. . ...!,.,. - ..... -t- . ,
- ',-
, stances too good to comp A them to work.
! for a livelihood, yet not good enough to
, enable thorn to keep a carriage. The con-
sequences are impaired digestion, hypo-
critical affections, or incessant head-ache,
,, , , ,
excessive liability to catch cold, and, what
some will think more than all, loss of color
and beautv.
1 ,,,, ... e . 1 r...i, .a
i"i " m,,.wi .
I lect to exercise, and the other a too thin
j stvle of dress in winter. Even feinrde,
, I, k .nM --m,!.. u .m,.,! i -,11, ;,,
the open air from one to tw hours every
day. If su-taluV clothing was worn. n:d
especially if the feet were properly protec -
ted, a daily walk even in winter, would b
conducive to health and loveliness than all
the panaceas ever concocted or all the. " 1 " V , "v
, 1 -i 11 .t r 1. t. of a ft u t tree, th ns I to mvself, here is an
dnvs prescribed by tle tacullv. It would.. . . , :f 1 ,,
1 o 1 j niM:a!i '!i to suckers aid mice, and if dull
give elasticity to thc step, bloom to tho
1 oil0).k brilliancy to the eye, gay spirits, ;
j briirltnrM of intellect, sound sliimbei '
I o" blessing in
in short, that vigorous phvs-1
. . ' , , , '
ows.andof winch, alas. ;
ical health best
1 ......! ,Ar.."...l..t'll. 1
IliailV iVlllV.1 I .111 HI'llllll l.l I I IV 14 ...I 1JI IVll".
nothing. Vitality wuM be strong and When I see the diainings of the barn
high, the deficiency of which, in most ca- yard rinding their way into gullies and i iv-
.i l . : . : Tiwii ll-c'3 while with ?nvdl expense, thev might
ses, is tlie beginning t consump.ioM. Inc , , , ,f ,
,,, j i i b" thrown on to a valuable wdl or declir-
lungs, too, would have needful play; no; ity x mvff,,f h wind
one can go out on a branchy winter morn- j t j,;s t.WIl if0ivs:. Maine Former.
im-without inflating the lungs full v : and "
" . , . , ' i Tun Y.wklu wiiocanV ptam) the 'Fixrvs.'
tlie air at such time is always the purest, j iXn imrr,k.ni,,u. Vankee thus describes liise-ipe-
If Volt Would live to a good old age; if von ' '" ef the ..; ty ol ihe lair sex:
. ... . " . , A little doie stir- uj ia h ,ri a tidos Mir up the
would enjoy lite while living; if you would oce.ui,
add to p'isonal charms, dress warm and ; As IK'W i,,-Ii wl" il fits Hke.smmy
, i i i i .i urious notion,
dry, and take daily exercise in the ojhh ; vn tvlsor j.,,iv lUcns thrills my lVclinp at!ieT'd
air. Lot nothing keep you in iKhu s but in-1
clement weather; but be always clothed to i
defy cold and wet, especially to your feet.
JyItihi(hthhi r.A(T.
H i -Willie,' said a lutin;; ,,,rent at the break-
last table to n abrid-jej edition of himself, wh.ii
h;id just entered the jnnmniar cl:is at the hiirh'
sohool. Aillie, my dear, will you jai the butter ?'j
I Iiirtainlv, tlilr t:iKtlies me topastho ainUi:nr.
Latter ith a coinmon :-ubtl.antive, m uter -on hr,
ajrreetli Ith hot buckwheat eakt th, and
d U c.v-
crned mv thuar house inolatheths undertliloo-l.
NO. 18.
mmmM mmm mmm
I'rom the True C Arkansas j Democrat.
A During Mountain in Scott County Ar
kansas 1 IT T 1 T .
V JOH.nso.v, r.?q. JJcar otr. vur
quidnucs here have been busy for tho last
week, gathering reports concerning a Ver
itable volcano found in Scott county, in thia
Stale. Some five weeks sinco a singular
j and apparently subteranean noise was heard
.eiv. uiu uinjua-'u iu lauuus taust unit
a;bout tliere bo'-'!l much epwula-
,A. ,lWn f,"J'm Sc,olt coun!.v .1,ells 3 that on
Chnmas dayi hunter, while attempting
CS, , ioUn;T' m T 5: Ä-
Y 2 ? " fyUnA 1,10 tOI ?f lhe ou?tam l,u
bo t,Jl fl,Y nil"S srn?K?' a,lJ, through
hS5ure ;1(3,'slJ' GmS volumes of
apor. a lie minier, w noso name is vio-
i tain can be seen for miles, the smoke then
giving a luiiJ light.
Alut eighteen months ago, a report or
explosion was heard in the viciuity of tho
' ""burning mountain, and no doubt but
t that the volcano thin hrst appeared and
h;U hn fornjing ail(1 groU, Mnce.-.
Kithc-r another eruption of that mountain
produced the singular noise heard hero
lately, wincii was also iicard in tlinerent
' di:ec:icns as f;:r as a hundred miles, or it
T . . . .
was oceasioiieu uv a uursimg or nea ing
. . . .w w
ui of tbeeartli at a point in this countvnear
1 . .-.......I.. 1 'C . , -1 ... .,,1 f. fw, 1,
residence of I). Harkwike. Some persons
,iavV:1 tiHC"Vt'rfa.:l Vinci wnere mere
, has b eti a late eruption, at which vast
c .1 .. 1 ..1 ,1., 1 a
j quantities 01 earth, mud and rocks had
j h,,,.,,. ti,ruwn Up with great violence. It
! was probable that the solution of the mvs-
! terious noise heard lately was at a point on
:.1 ".I . 1,1. .1.1
1 1 if 1 1 er, 111 uiio couiii , .urn 11t.11 uiu uuiu-
. ' . . ' , . .
1 ing mountain in bcott county lias been grad-
; U;lllv i,,,.,.;. ju volcanic action for th
.1. , :.. .1 . 1 . 1..,. 1. . u...
jia-t vear. We are tiioinised here a par
ticular ."ccount and description of it by a
gentleman who has gone to visit it, when I
shall b able to furnish vou a more accu
rate report, of it.
WLhiii the last fif:een years several erup-
ii us have occurred in this and adjoining
counties, but were not much noticed, be-
in" in ihn mountains and remote from set
'I i x:;i:iii.e ti.ese jdares, pariiculaily the Vol-
i:i Scott county, and describe them
j Whe I s a in ass of chips accumulated
. .
; in a fanners back yard, remaining year af
ter vear, thinks I to mvs -If, if the coarse
, 1 .1 ..ii e .
I'lli 1 III H l.ir.i Vi VII
ones were rakea oh mcv woum sere lor
1 i"i . 1 11:. ... . , . I - i .
, fu l w lule tr.e addition ot soap-suds, c,
i fr,.i house would afford a valuable
; a
: ource oi manure.
N h-vi I sv a convex Hani-yard, think!
Wh-vi I s-e .1 conv'.'x 1 rtrn-vard, thinks
r . it .1 . , ... .;.- I.. 1.,. t
1 i myself, there is comparative! but lit
: tie ma-lire mi le there.
ii ' . 1-
When I see a barn-yard not well sup
pli..a ui:h mwvv.xU f r inaki
ig ma nun.
j thinks I to mvself, that man sutlers loss for
want of earo.
i whcn I .-co a pirce of hoed ground in a
j mowing il l 1. and the tin f, stalks and stones
. - . . , , , t
that were earned out bv the plow not
j ( together, thinks I t. myself,
; thrre is s-mothing gWious in this case.
When J s-'C plowing year after Vear, in
the same tr ick; beside a fence orgullv. till
a cikil of o.K-.si.Ior.-ibL? htfi-lit i tliroirn up.
; aml f co.irs.f a Corroponding leanness in
j t,0 j.j'.cior, thinks I to mvself, there is want
L.f ,r 1 l.r.s'.-ii.drr.
I When I see a fiuit tree h.ad.-d with
t'Aieo th.e t."p necessary l-r Ix'arnig well;
ihi t eri- iMs neailvdea 1. thereby keen-
, t,, ..o!e I rays of um from tb.c under
. crop, hinks I t mvself, iheie is an indica-
tion of b id husbandry.
When I
sv,iu., Äl.c,uia fallow i. would not b- verv
bi,an .o.
When I see a fanner selling his ashes
fVr u :x i1,Jsl'h tl;inks I t. mvself.
that l.ii met had better givc his purchaser
,(M, c ,o 1(MV0 lhcmor xcorn ari(1
Hut little fein de piit. r loet- are death, and noth
in loiter.
'Business before ph ayure ns the man
said w hen h kissed his own w ife.bcfoie go
Jn , ou( to )x'u eihlmr's. ' '
" 'a " . '
The greatest, English philosopher was
Uacon, oil'' d th liiicst Scitch p''tS, I logg.
..,., olu .f ih ideasantest Hi i'i.li ssav-
. . r 1
ISIS lilliin.

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