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t. Mcdonald,. .Editor. PLYMOUTH. 1NJX ntm - , - . I . . llrarsdaV 30111111?, pril J, baft - - DEMOCRATIC NOMINATIONS. For Governor, Asiibkl P. Will ard, of While. For Lieut. Gotcmor, Jons C. Walker, of Lnporte. For Se:retary of State, Daniel McClure, of Morgan. For Auditor of State, John W. Dodd, of Grant. For Treasurer of State, Aquilla Jones, of Bartholomew. For Allor.ney General, Jo3. E. McDonald, cf Montgomery. For Superinten lent of P till It Instruction, William C. Larkakke, of i'mnam. For Clerk cf Supreme Court, William B. Beach, of Boone. Reporter of DeAsions of Suprtvie Court, Gordon Tanxeh, of Jackson. LET US REASON TOGETHER. . The Democrats advocate that the prin-1 Cities lau down 1:1 the Kansas and Zebras- ka Bill, are the only principles that will ' give peace and quietude to the country. : Persons eiiher from the North, or South. 1 have equal privileges in all our ik w Ter-; rliori. and should the larger t,orti n of tho lonnfiU settlers, in any nf our Torri-! -3 r torbs. p-,fer matins ihem dive States, i da't 3ee any way to ore vent them, and ! at tic sarn: time, give the same priviloges that ha been grmt?d to the older Stares. ; 1, ,1 1.1 1 i . .1 . IV 1, suuuia ma ;,i icjrei io .ee me oiigiu- ing curse of slavery extending into new Terri:ori;s. and üarticularlv into our Xor-i ni'.iu wii'..'. into, uu-n;i, c uon IVA-; pt to .-e from the foe tha ill that co ! f, r " , v i , f ihcre from the orth, are opposed to the i'is.i'.uikin, and aporiiou of those fom iIr - - and that both parties have frone to ex- i . i . . . ' iremc.5, is aio true, ana tnat as soon as lau i leataemuu viccuoii is oer, irouo l'.s i:i that Territory, on that question will I i over, is equally true The Kej)ublicans will keep up a contin ual "noise and confusion," on that sub jo:, until that time. This is the only question that they can make use of, to any advantage, to misl?:t I thos? who have not had the opportunity of posting themselves on the subject. Kansas will be admitted into the Union as a free Slate, befjre Mr. j 'icrc-i s a dm laisrration closes. Then, many wi.li meariin ' men, who have been ! deluJed by the -ry of Nebraska iniquity, ! fr.h r, ! . : . J , . , ' oeen icu astray oy a party wiise very cx-; istence denends unon n?it;ttion. Manv ! hone :t men have been induced to leave the n Democra 13 party tor a time in consequence j of the false repiesentations made them by; those in whom they confided, and have! Suth go there iu order to avoid it: taking j Th; destruction was total. The build-1 yir' Nl7'iJrcl couId not tel'' not h:ivn!? j 1 , cos w I,avc promised them help, and odd or striking in its appex ranee as from JC10lfOOO. A c do not understand that any j 0Ihcrf ()f MissourL M;.o;wM aVa Whi both classes together, wc have no f-ars t V . formed a hollow square, and was fiv : f.mP,m'" l"c tw0' and Wash- the fact it exists. To cross a river the ! probability exists of their early construe- j but is in f.u or of the Nebraska law and will S Mavery ever getting any further fothold, j rslO? InTnnerv' o7w!n indToÄ i woulJ V in tl,c " ' world is in the InbU of employing boats PJ ! that the interests of those .ho think with him in North of the "Compromise line." ! ws driven by an ei-ht This information is in a -reat meagre con- or briJg; but her is a brick arched Russian Opinion of Peace Prospects. I J4? are ,irl-r "Tinted. During the That there has been trouble iu relation j 0nKine in the basement. ' ! Cl Menden was p:oud of being a lawyer 1 c firmed by a person, who, I am assured, en- double road-way extending under thc bed A letter received from a highly reliable wi,h the Dimwits ' T " kTt f.- th !tT -.vrr niws-mn t Tvc ,.., lint-nl 1 if b. .ciit .ti.r .,-1 fi i would rather be a lawyer than a profeiSvid t iovs vour nonfiifon. ,.f ti,rrtr n.i tiHiänr,,i.ii,,nw.t;rt , tj . i .1 . c n ! ". Il0rc l no rhty of tie ... ... i... .0 11 11 v , 1 0 . . , .-vi. v. . ..... - I ' . . i " "- "- j -... uv...ivti suurce in xuüi.i lias ine i' iiowinT on Hie 1 commute a Many have fjund themselves in the wron o r pew ass-fitted whh those f,r whom thrv had I nö aQini v, and j gladly returned to the ! ovmocra.ic IA1 aguu. Others have lett 1:1 coMs -fptenco of their claims to ofiic not bidng duly appreciated by the pirty as; they think they should be. This class, or a portion of them, are generally promoted by the fusi ni-5's. for the reason that thy f are .uppo.s-.I to have more influence with ' thc-ir farmer f.i.-nJ, th m tho.e who never I 1 .1 .. . 1 , ,1 , 1 , mi1 b:Io:igeJ to the dem -cra lc party. All. , 0 .. . . 1 : suirn ponuenns are great a curse t any : like to see a party resort to falsehood and j misrepresent itiou to defeat those who chance lo di.fer from W . .on ! scarc -Iy take up a fusion paper, and read '. five minutes, without seems the democrat- ic -Tty charted with approving tho inva-1 KioT of Kansas by the Missourian. and ilW ihfixr if tn, !.,v,Mrt o cTn... and that they are decidedly in favor of "free whiskey," and opposed to enacting any law in reference to the Irquor traffic. An editor must place a very low estimate on the intelligence of his readers, if he thinks they will swallow such baref iced misrepresentations. Wc th:nk as little of the course pursued by the fusionists, for the last eighteen months, as any man dare; yet, at the same time, we have no disposi tion to misieprescnt their views, oractions. Their days will soon be numbered. p-iriy. ! c.m- He Iwd complied with their request imd c,a,m, a t0 haVc l,,c Pullt)' of dves. Iu regard to the orattons east of Cas- We like to s-io partes pursue a .-tr.-.i-rht- and struggled to carry out thc principles of L'uyll!o,;l . cade Mountains, if Gov. Curry's volunteers pic, wlhl. W think in r,nL ,.,ä Ärcf wTÄ br I Ä him the '2 It I X" of tho hos- b.-st interests of thc Xation, but wc J. not Tim f .v.-.nmrt I....1 :,.. ' ' remark that he was not satisli-1 ' tr,ltts. ""-')' s,101lIJ withdrawn . . - : nis own lniormation, so he could act under- W were vwited the other day, by an j stari(jingly on the question of the admiss- elderly lady, who sai l she had been a read- ion of Kansas under her present State Con er of newspapers all her life, and had nev- stitution. That striking parallel which cr befrc had any knowled-.; of the vastcou,tl b'" fal,ml f"r 1,10 treatment thc Sena- amount of labor performed on each issue. She sail she never would grumble at pay ing far thc papers, for if. there was any body who deserved their pay it was the printer. We would say to any of our subscribers living in Knox, or vicinity, if they wish to avail themselves of the advantage of thc advance pay system, to the Democrat, they can pay to our agent, W. M. McCormick, who i i authorized to receipt for the same. Common Pha5 Court commence next I Mondav. ' SIGNS OF THE TIMES. Th.i-i Lite eWti.ms: in Tnnnü r far n? we have noticed, have come in favorable to the Democrats. Indianapolis, Madison, La Porte, Michigan City, Peru and Plym- South ; at the Township election, gavo lare i xemoci ;iuc luiijuiiiica. iuiii ui-nu vteiiiT : flio, bv . .rrratlv decked roaj-.ritv. I - . .: . :....:.:.. o u n i j Unless we are sadly mistaken, in the signs . , ,. , . , . ot the times, Indiana wll roll up a larger democratic majority next fall than-she ev er did before. From present indications, the leading men of the fusions entertain the same view, from the fact that none of their great men seem willing to go over the course w ith Mr. Willard, for Governor straws, iL'e. RAIL ROAD. j We understand, that the Directors of j the Fort Wayne tt Chicago Rail Road held J ! a meeting at Fort Wayne, on Tuesday last, j We noticed in the Pittsburg Post, that there! was a project on foot, to consolidate the I stock of the Central P.nnsvlvania Road, j t . . . . . - I i the I'ennsvh nni l nnd Ohl.- thn Plhi-i mvl i the Pennsylvania and Ohio, the Ohio and Indiana, and the Fort Wayne and Chicago Road. The arrangements all seem to be made, except the vote of the stockholders. Should they consent to the arrangement, we mar expect our Road put through at an ' early dav. We hope to bo able to give something more definite next week. N llst M':;iy ? 1 a fino rain, the tn'st ol -'-"quMies f r f jar months l0i,,or oarlh ,s m ,ino ort,er f)r Pughg lUli our farirt,-r! a"- busily engaged in ; r. .1 I'"Tar"S tneir .pring ciops. Mr. Moir, Mr. Petciiek, and others ! . ' 0f: our town vesterd.-iv. Ur Iowa. S 3UC-I jcess to them. I Great Tire in Philadelphia! Philadelphia, April 11. About midnight a fire commenced in the ' upper part of Art5snn 15lliMin bnd. ,,! rhostinit r.nfl l tili ctPl-.,-.c , 1J,S loss W1" re;lch y lOO.OOU; insured for S3J.U00. He had Lrtv skim nrcsws iml I . . ; . 1 , , . 1 1": 1-1 Uov The' I - - ... . .1 1 1 .-n ...v.. I er mun m 5J.uu, nniiwured;; bukell. DoohDindor, loss very heavy; Cr. W. fcim-'J trtj of ov,.,. T.,.,t, rtv..,i:-: ... . icism on tnc cnirotrrannv. to wnicii nc au- " " k " " vuu,,,, .lt u, SUcn a tuuuci aa mi ioraiu more inan Jriiment. which were worth SU OÜO ; yeru-n. ; nesi moment pracucauie, mal i uirectca ; halt century ago, anl extended progress i 4 ."J II.1LI.III VA IJVUIilUiI IUI lim !, j,. .,I1T' v were finished ready to be sent awav. i . Mr'. enj-"1"11 believed thc document an him to give protection, as soon as he could j was made it: the work when the irround The other owninanta wn! V...ff tfi. ! impxidcnt forgery. Themen whose names tn ti fl .,,:,. r f,. .1. t i.i 1. 1 1 .1 miiis A; Uro., jewellers, loss 620,000, it.- j taKon 01 Un lns'lcj,t memon:ii. Ue warm sured for 68,000; C. & P. Wanner. nd ! condemned i'rof: .Silliman as saereligious watch easy makers, loss 65,000; insured ! lv. desecrating the House of God by incen for 65 000. diary appeals to the people of Connecticut The buildings were owned bv HuliiH'S ; Cowperthwaite, and were valued at 6G'J,000 insured. Latest. The total loss by the lire last night readies 635J,UU0. It m.iy be still fimlier swelled 645.000, if the steel plates If f F tho portrait Mllerv of distinguished . Americans, belonging to Rice and Harth,' jn Xiint IxMieatlMhe premises is de-! 0 of llf.rriii'r's safes contain-1 stroved. On d U00O worth of jewelry was taken fiomtho ruiiw tiniiiinrotl " Il0ni tll njL j Inter from Mexico. j IWi-riMonr Amil 1 TlinwiitUnwnJli this A. M. brings New Orleans dates of YW fin '!. iv ne papers contain details ot .Mexican mi 1 1 jm m ho nf 1Kdd;i w,r,. in the Cathedral of San Augustine, and were already suffering for want of provis ions and munitions. Late advices from Lower California an- lmnnff thi il KCiivprr of 1 cilvo? on1 rr,.l.l m-m B,wc'imkns 0f the proceeds-'of which had reached Lopez. Sonor Höfles, the new Minister to Wash- i'!". reached New orh-ans. G mi. " alkcr, in a procl.miation issued , n.i 1 1 1 .1 Maren says he was invited bv the gov- o rum cut of Nicara-m. to osmui.-e their v 1 ' I an addict to the people of Central Amer- i. calling on them to arise and destroy American invaders. ! rnTfiT?P5CTnia'ÄT v....v. a...:i m Sks atf.. The Senate resumed consider- i ation of the motion to print the memorial lot tne niemoers ot tnc free Mate J.eijisla ! ture of Kansas Mason opposed the proposition saying the memorial emanated from men who are in rebellion against thc laws of the country. Seward regarded it a comparatively im portant question only whether the memo rial be printed or not, as he had already seen it in a journal circulating fifty thous and copies, therefore it would be read by the world at any rate. He thought it best to print it as a matter of courtesy. Butler reiterated his former objection to the motion. Himllll flAcitvrl fl-ir mnmoMnl vt.C.tswl f. . ........... HIV 114" i. it UlllllCU VJl lorh niienueu io uesiow on nie memorial ny laving on the '.able or reiectinir if. was the end net of Lord North when the petitions of the North American Colonies were laid before the British Parliament. Butler replied, that if those petitions were brought forward in violation of Par liamentary rules, Lord North did his luty in opposing them. If the motion to print this Kansas memorial prevailed, he should regard it as the greatest contempt ever of fered to the Suth. Hale read the concluding paragraph of the memorial to show that the memorial ists contemplated no rebellion, but merely asked foi the admission of Kansas as a Statt-, into th Cnnfeder.w, on in onalifv J with other States which had proceeded them. e believed the refusal to admit Kansas as i a State would leave her a State out of the Union, and quoted Missouri to prove that position. Douglas replied, saying this was not a I parallel case. Congress had passed a law . auihoriziinr the nennlo ot Mirmn t form i 1 "to"0" ?. 0vmnt,pr paraiorv io aumissiou into me union, in the present instance the proceedings of the Topeka Convention were not only unauthor ized by Congress, but were revolutionary and rebellious. He could not recognize Kansas as a State, either in or out of the Union, in consequence of anything they had done without the authority of the law. Halo said, under the rule of the Senate, the memorial could not be printed, and as ; unanimous consent was required to suspend : the rules he should demand they should be adhered to. The Chair decided that the motion must go to the committee on Printing. Butler unwilling to take that course. Cass explained, that in presenting the memorial, he had by no means endorsed its sments. IL- "had always made it a I principle io present every pennon lie had , I""1 been asked to present, t. . i i- It was not for him to investigate the justice or injustice of the allegation in the memorial, that being the duty of the com mittee on Territories, to which it was re ferred. nayan. mougm ine men wno were in ui-. rect antagonism to the laws of the land, had! It 1 .1 1 1 .I 1 1 I no right to be heard by petition I Af.mon sii lint ittvl .1 rirt1iitim Mason submitted a resolution resigning I the reference of the memorial to the com-! mittoe on Territories. Trumbull and Bayard entered into a iron- oral discussion of Kansas affairs. ,. . 1 i r- i,.,,T, er.-. ,...r..n.- .1. . document, said he believed it was not thc original papir. The signatures are all in the j j same hand-writing and there are many sures ana interiinemenis. r. Crittenden said he should vote : i i...: ...:.i- i press all designs to disturb the honor of i lo",,iaL ivaoiuiiun, wmi u icw iu &un-j ..!' A I f!. in is country anu peace oi us cuizens The discussion did no good. He want- 'Iii 'p .i iv i v 11 uie. pum-c uion m me ew ork PnPei 5 AVa5 & docu- ment presented hcic with its erasures and interlinements. Mr r. Reward disclaimed any imputation ,e le-al profusion. It w:ts the crit- i Ion tb - . im nmviifUii ti it nvi i.tv I'lintu-na It-Am " . J . 'V't l' T . , - w 1 t. for money and arms to carry on thc war against the Government. It is a desire for po.ver more than a desire for freedom which instigates these lawless and revolutionary proceedings. The game is not worth the candle. Let the obscure paper sleep where Mr. Rusk spoke of the sacred scoundrels w'10 '"o1"100 tn0 ptilpit in connection j u r,,:s:'is "ßairs. He did not believe j l!,c memorial had ever been in Kansas, but that it was a torgery and a re-hash of much on subject. Mr. Stewart understood that Mr. Cass genuineness of this paper, and that the latter was not himself satisfied on thc sub ject. Mr. Butler believed that Mr. Cass pre sented the memorial from motives honora ble to his heart, believing in the right of petition, but when voices cried out print it, print if, in violation of the rules, he had different opinions, for the memorial was branded as a fraud and a forgery. He be lieved if Christ should como to the earth with all the piuLy of his principles, he j would be banished from thc Corfedcracv , r t . 1 c i by those fanatics, as Christ drove fiom the Temple the money changers and selle rs of j Uoves. vet the money elianirers come here e , 1 ,Pr T'l "C w 1110,1 Uht t0 ,W " , "au; ,,a '.l ll .ui.wu ine paper tako anv advantage. He thou rlit that Mr. Beniamiu haa done infinite iniustiee to that lly,lobl0 d good man, Prof, billiman. lL waS ,M,t Ul "'tent.on,. as charged to they were duven to the law of seif de fense. Tr.o federal promises had proved a lie. Seward replied to several Senators who had essayed to involve him in the alleged fraud, regarding the memorial, he had seen the gentleman who handed the paper to Mr. Cass for presentation. Col. Lane who authorized him to say that Ireforo ho lef Kansas, ho saw a paper, he did not eay it was the identical paper iu chirography, but he saw a memorial of which this is the substance and text, signed by all thc pro visional members of thc Kansas Legisla ture, and this is a true cepy. I know the Senator from Texas, Mr. Husk, to bo a buive and honorable man, and a lover of freedom, but when it becomes necessary for me to resort to an exhibition of courage, it will be lime for him to taunt me with a want of it. Mr. Mason said no one stood up to vin dicate Col. Lane as a fair and honorable man. If a man is known by the company he keeps, the company is known by the pian who represents it. Hamlin, in explanation, said he had not taken thc paper into his hands' but it hav ing been presented by Mr. Cass, he had a ruht to regard it as genuine, but it not now appearing as such, ho should vote againsfJ its reception. Thc vote by which the memorial was referred to the committee on Territories, was then reconsidered. Yeas. 32. Nats'. 3. The memorial being thus again brought b.Uorofh." S-Miäf, Mr. Ca returned and ob- .1 . I ' I . 1 1 I i lOT fif flirt V .lllo. VV llo n.iiinli'V .if Ann I 1. i 1 i t . .. , il tained leave to withdraw, and return to Col. Lane. The Senate then at quarter past five ad journed. House. The House discussed the leso- lution of theCommittee on Elections do clarinsr P. J. Follett not dulv elected from the 8th Congressional District of Illinois. The llouse adopted, five only opposing it the resolution declaring Samuel S. Mar shall, the sitting member, from the 8th dis trict of Illinois oyer Sweeny, passed. Fouke and Turney..were allowed their per diem and mileage to date. The Senate amendments to the deficien cy appropriation bill were then considered. The Indian War in Oregon. In a letter addressed . to Governor Ste vens, dated Feb. 12th, Gen Wool makes the following stateaent, which shows that tnc whites were the aggressors in the first ! instance: ..t-. ... ! u 11,0 same InaU wllMMl brouS,lt me j your communication, I received, one now before me, from a person whom I think in- capable ot misrepresentation, winch in forms rao that the friendly Cavuscs are cy-; erv day menaced with death by Governor Curry's volunteer's. The writer says they have despoiled these Indians who have so ! nobly followed the advice cf Mr. Palmer, ' to rcnlain f.lilhful frlends of thc Americans e .1 , , , 01 ineir provisions. io-aay, no says, these same volunteers, w ithout discipline and without ordeis, are not satisfied with mpine and injustice, but wish to takeaway .1 n ,e i. 1ue5in.u1 ieniiiaui 01 iiuuuais anu iirovis- 10ns Every day they run off thc horses and ! cattle of the friendly Indians. These had ! cra-lbocome iiuKuant and will not be much!11 ,..,:...i f... ...i....J , .. . . . IUI " '1 I fLI illllL'H HU II IL'SISLII T II HIIII LMM unworinv oi ine wnucs. wno nave maae lhem so many promises to respect and pro ' I. .! ! I tect them if they remained faithful friends. ! The writer further says, if the volunteers j are not arrested in their brigand actions, i the Indians will save themselves by flying! I to the homes of their relatives, the Nez ' I T nritl not sir iltlininrli 1 liod nrr.vi.mc. ! , , , , . ... . . A , t y ,nstructod Co1- U llt to t;ik possess- lions of the volunteers. It h such con- duct as here complained ofthat irritates practical. But the present age does not ! thus to destroy his imperial prestige A ' ?" Aftrr-ln? certain iretiml- ,n,l gntly inores the rank of the hos- j revise impmcienbili.ics. eoCesSio so to the roofpuju- Itt'Ä'Ä.: tile tribes, and if thc ez Perces join in j The existing tunnel was projected by j cMces of the Russians would even endanger acted hy the present Legislature h.ill not have ef thc war against us, which I hope to pre-j Sir I. Brunei in 1323. It is about two his throne. ? fa wall an act be passed by the present or some vent, we shall require a much larger forco miles below London Bridge, between Wap than we now luve m "Washington and Or- ping and llotherhithe. Th neighborhood egon Tcriitoiii.s to reist savage barbrity ij commercial and populous, and abridge and protect thc whites. j would be too much in the way of vessels. I have recently sjnt to Pugefs Sound At the same time an increased facility of two companies of the 'intli Infantry. communication between the two shores These, with the three companies there, will give a force of nearly or quite four hund-! red regulars, commanded by Lieutenant ! Colonel Casev. Thiö force with several j ships of war in thc Sound, to which will j bo added iu a few days the United States! steamer Massachusetts, it seems to me, if lightly directed, ought to be sufficient to bring to terms two hundred Indian warri-; ors. Capt. Keyes, in his last report receiv-! ed, says there are not quite two hundred in arms in that region. Lieutenant Colo nel Casey has been directed to prosecut) the war with the greatest vigilance and ac tivity. The gallant Captain Swartwout, who goes iu the Massachusetts, Com man der-in-Chief of the naval forces in the e ... 1 :n t ... ,1 . 1 1 n oouiul, will, 1 am assured, zealously, cfli- , , T . ,, cwntly and. I trust, successfully co-operate " -asoj to urmr me war 10 a close. from the Walla-Walla country I have great hopes that 1 shall be able to bring the Indians in that region to terms, notwith standing the volunteers killed thc Chief, 1 m-pin-mox-mos, scalped him, cut off his ears and hands, as reported by volunteers, and sent them to their fiiends in Oregon; all this, too, after he met them under a lla of truce, declaring he was for peace, that he did not wish to tight, that his people did not wish to fight, "and that if any of his young men had done wrong, he would make restitution;" while. at tho bamc time he olfered the volunteers cattle for food. Such conduct may h ive caused feelings difficult to overcome. I trust, however, I will be able to do it." jtirWillard says that he would prefer to have America ruled by one Hp Pope than by several hundred little Popes. As much as to say that ho would prefer tha teachings and influence of the Pope of Rome to the teachings and influence of the Protestant minister of our country. South Bend m Register. Mr. Willard, wc suppose, made about thc same kind of a (speech at South Bend that he did here, and if so, tho above is a miser able, canting, Know Nothing perversion of his remarks. Ho ridiculed tho Know Nothing bug bear of the "Pope ruling this country," and the absurdity of such an ap prehension, as well as the corrupt design of those demagogues and bigots who pro fessed to believe it." He, also, in this con nection, spoke of those clergymen, all over the country, who, forgetting their sa- !cp - d falling, and the tfwdiin"- of th' Con- stitution and laws and the example of the founders of 'he Republic, had become mem bers of Know Nothing lodges, and taken oaths to persecute their fellow citizens on account of a difference of religious belief; who sanctioned by their presence and affil iation, the outrages, mobs and riots, that fol lowed the advent of the secret order into politics, and said that their conduct was more dangerous to the country, to its peace and prosperity, to the perpetuity of Amer ican liberty, than the Pope. He said he was a Protestant by birth, education and sympathies, and opposed to any union of Church and State, but, if the country ever were so unfortunate as to become the prey of sectarianism, and its constitution al guarantee of civil and religious liber ty be annulled, by bigotry and intoler ance, he would as soon be ruled by one big Pope as several hundred little popes. "As much as to say that" he had no confi denco in those Ministers of the gospel who wished to "rule this country" through a secrot ndgt oath-bound order, and we think the country after one year s expen ence of that kind of rule has said and w ill eontinuc to say thc same in most emphatic terms. Mr. Willard is getting his full share rf slanderous abuse from the odds and ends opposed to Democracy, but he will live through it. The Fusion press pursue him with intense hatred, which manifests itself in such paragraphs as that at the j head of this article. Their unfailing re - sort 1S an ;lPPcal Joltgious prejudices. T,1 -Rw'tter nee occupied the posiiion of high-toned journal, but since the editor W.miP n. Know Nothino- it h Lt........ i.i .i " J-F - - "u"u, ,w ""."1 wear iri i ill r c find. THAMES TUNNEL. This is one of the curiosities of London which evorv stranger visits. Its interest nri not , mm-h from ft,,v thi vrv ' - O .. .. w, t ... w.11 r. C. .... .-.1. : , , . cure passage to ravel. Ihc project of pressure tides, and the scheme was reported im was very much needed. A company was formed and chartered in 1C2 L Mr. Rru- nel was appointed engineer. He began by ereetincr a substantial cylinder of brick work 53 feet in diameter, 42 f ?et high and 3 feet thick, which was sunk en masse into the ground. Upon the top of the cylinder ; was placed a steam engine for pumping out water and excavated earth. By this means the cylinder was foreed through a bed of quicksand, which had compelled the drift makers formerly to suspend their work. The shaft having been sunk to the depth of 65 feet, another smaller one, 2o feet in eli ameter, was also sunk from this lower lev er as a reservoir for the drainage of water. The excavation was commenced, then, at the depth of G3 feet. A powerful ironap aratus was used called a 'shield.' It con sisted of 12 great frames, lying close to each other, like, so many volumes on the shelf of a bookcase. These frames were 22 feet high and 3 feet broad. They were each divided into three stages or stories, thus presenting 36 chambers or cells for the workman by whom the ground was cut down and secured iu front, and the brick laj'ers by whom the structure was simul taneously formed. The shield was placed in position at the bottom of the shaft January 1st, 1U2G. Tlje progress of the work was of course slow. It was necessary to proceed cau tiously and to secure every foot advanced. With a river running above, it was only prudent to keep a good watch below. The first impediment came early. On the 25 January the stratum of clay thro which the excavation had been worked broke off suddenly, leaving thc shield for upwards of six weeks open to a onsideraclo influx of land water, which flowed from a bod of sand and gravel that was saturated anew at each lise of thc tide. This difficulty having been overcome, the work proceed ed, and on the 30th of April, 1027, the tunnel had extended 1U0 feet under the river. The next month, and again iu the following January, the liver broke in, and six men were drown, Mr. Bunuel, jr., hav ing been carried by the rush of water up th( C fihaft. Great apprehension was now I. 4 . i . t l felt for the success of the enterprise. Hundred of plans were offered for tilling up the cavity to prevent future accidents. But the chasms in thc bed of tho river were fdled by bags of clay, and when the tunnel was cleared of water the structure was found uninjured. The work, howev er, was suspended for want of funds for seven years. 'Other preat speculation have heen nursed Till want of proceed laid them onthefhelf; lint thy concern wns at tlw worst Wltt'Ti it 't-;':in t li-piidit" it ' If.' Thus sang Tom Hood in an ode to Bru nei wnen the prosecuiion of thc work seem ed doubtful. But Parliament sanctioned a loan in aid of it, and it was resumed in March, 1836. During that year 117 feet were completed, in 1837, only 29 f.-et; in 1838, 80 feet; in 1839, 191 feet; in 1840, 60 feet; and in 1841, the remaining dis tance was accomplished to thc shaft a: Wapping. In August, Brunei passed through the tunnei from shore to shore. His triumph was complete. Queen Victo ria recognized it by knighting him. In March, 1843, it was opened as a public thoroughfare. Its length from shaft to shaft is 1,200 feet, its width 35 feet; each arch way and footpath clear about 14 fee'; thick ness of earth between the crown of the tun nel and the bed of the river, about fif.een feet. The tunnel cost about 453,000. The dangers of the work were many, and the miners often suffered serious alarms. 'S)me times portions of the shield broke wi.h the noise of a cannon shot, then alarming cries told of some eruption of earth or water; but the excavators were more inconvenienced by fire than water, gas explosions frequent ly wrapping the place in a sheet of flame, strangely mingling with the water, and rendering the workmen insensible.' Yet only seven lives were lost in making it. The tunnel at present is both a success and a failure As an examnle of enrri- necrir.g skill it is undoubtedly a great 1 o ! triumph. But untill it can be used for ve ; hides as well as foot passengers U will not j answer ks original purpose. It is reached 1 now by a winding staircase down to thc: shafv on euher sid? of the river, and itj is open day and night for passcngeas at a toll of one penny e:ich. I: is lighted with gas. and some of the arches are occupied . , - ..... . 1 , as small shops and for exhibition of works of art. The approaches for vehicles are intended to be circular, by shafts 200 feet i diameter. Their cost is estimated at peace prospects. j wre .ur. nanel.l holds lus scat as Delegate They must kr.ow little of the Emperor!0"1 Kansa in t,,e nczntlmc. As forfiov. K.l- I,- 1 1 .1 A t icrivcr.v ew pretend lh.it he is elected; and if Ii and his people who suppose that Russia ' , . . . , !, ' " 1 .... 1 . , 11 . , were he ha since been elected U.S. Senator from will give up any of her teriUory, or a bat? , the muh- fror Kansas (uV.n-t l.,Ufch)by the f.m- a single one of her important fortifications. ; ous 'IVjka Le-;i.-,lutiire, anl would doubtless fori The Czar would as sku consent that tlic 11 dl!,.v to accept the higher ttation. llmtj. Allies should cut off one of his arms as "It is true that the Allies have them- j '?;,,ri Wi-turc .Ucl irln-thorn in force." 'Hie i e 1 v i . l .i . e i'i ! hui-of vrancc, withsO;)(K) men, Ac. Coventor f!) selves forced I urkey to do that for which P , , , 1 ' J. . . Ko'Miison also Pent in a s:jiU nn nt:rv Mes-sap", de- Russu was most anxious, and which they ; daring his former Mcwgc was not intend,-.! to rcc fiTst pretended t) resent as an attack upon emnund any cour.e in opposition to the general the sovereign independence of the Sultan, munoit, or to the Territorial xovcnim'utliüV viz: secured religious freedom to the : U hh the sanction ol 'Conprc. Col- r - o ".l i .i . i i llslon wtli cither is to he avoi.lcd." There will cei - Christans. borne think that Kussit and. , , r ... ... . ; wquciitl- be no u.c fur Murrc' nlles on th- part the Greek C hurch have gained more than j0fth emigrant. cn.l the Kcv.Vl.-r-T ho hvcin the Allies by thc war, and therefore can ! terestcd themselves in procuring suciuleadlv wcij. very well afford to accept peace; but this . uns- m i.T as w 'we-k down, after the t xtmplc of is not the unanimous opinion. Thc stories I ,!uir KaI1S;,s brethrcn.wlionHTseeona thought, c , i ir .i i have concluded that it is not bet to incur the I cn- of poverty and sintering in th provinces ! !,..,, , , , , ,44"-iu 1 - 1 allies of actual treascn. Journal of Cin.,,trre are pure fables. Never have the aricul - tural prospects of Russia been better; nev er has land or labor given better results,, ... ..ke ' . ... , . . , . . & . t ; that the ("tree Mate") pivermiu nt of K.in..i has than now. And it is certain that except 1 toS((Inc trnt.at least, fall,,, into the hands of cor aniong commercial men, th.cre is no clamor j rupt and dosinin men, who caro nioreaUuit liv for peace. ; 'n on 1,10 r,,l,1'c treasury than alnut the welfare of Meanwhile the material of war, so f.ir j hc eaie of freedom." Tlii fear rcrt i- r ...... ., I I formation contained in the Teneka correnpondcnee troni elimiiiishinp-, is beino: onormousn- in- r v . , ... 1 0 0 J i of the. . 1. 7 umt (nero-worhippmpr orpan.) creased in every diree:ion, both in quanti-, It apH.ars, ,Ii0rc has ,,ftn al i:xrcutive Committer ty and quality. In one trortl, there trill be in the Territory with J. II. Lane at its head cre no peace on the British conditions. The ; ated during the progies of the 'free State" move onl v probability is. that France may force ! n,cn, ,,Vu k,s tuall Ik c n the free State" , re- England into accepting those of Russia." Kansas Committer. The Fusion House of Representatives have appointed a com- M,mrei ;wS" l" j cannot succeed; and, in spite of flrontcry and rr- the affairs of that Tonilory. Of course j tisan chicanery, the executive committee nnitcon this will be all fair and has no such an ob- sent to die not exactly a natural death, as it should. iect as thc manufacture of Bunkum. Oh. no! fusionism is too pure for that. The Commit.ee will be eno-aged some two or three months, and the expenses must be enormous. Can anybody tell what good will grow out of this? The co- of Kan sas are quiet and have always been; it is only tho demagogues and broken down pol iticians, who went there to recuperate their broken political constitutions that have been troubled. They mak all the fuss and such . -----p men always will make it wherever they are. Their only hope for notice and preferment! is in an excitement, and they are sure to create one wherever they are if it is in their power. Fusionism is great on such commit tees. It appointed one iu Massachusetts once; the celebrated Hiss Committee; and wc should not be surprised if this one es sayed for itself a like notoriety. Pern Sen tinel. TheCivil War" ix K ansas. The New Haven Remitter mikes the following extract from a letter reeeiveil ly a farmer in that vicinity, from his sou. who lives in Kansa;. It is datil Lawrence, March l.lt-56: "I suppose you hear a great deal in Connecticut about "civil war" and "outrages" in this Territory; Lot one half of which is true, and the other half will 1 ..... bear reducing crcatlv, before vou swallow it. It is rather a rough country to begin in, and the people, perhaps, somewhat different from those we meet nt home, in Connecticut; but I have experience-d noth ing but kindness nt their hands. There rc some bad fellows here, ns there arc every here; but they are not all Missouriam by a long shot. The trouble here has grown out of the abolitionists I mean thc political ones who think they can bluster and brag here as they do in Massachusetts, and are doing the Territory more harm than anybody olse. Thc sto ries about its not being safe here fur a Northern man, are all gammon. Iiusiness Is good, and thoc who attend to it e in do c!l etiiili hep ." From the Memphis Bulletin.) LIFE'S CHANGES. BV W. W. TTIXY. Hour the busy scenes of life are changing, Changing with each passing hour, All our hopes and plans deranging, Hlightiug expectations flower. See the past with joy oVrladcn, Ladmcd with the sweetiuss fled, Like the flower that decks thc tuaidta, Fresh at morn, at evening dead. Where are now those jo va we cherished? Perished with the fleeting pt: Friends and foes alike hare perished 'Neath thc woes that time has cast. Go into thc graveyard lonely, Lonely while the ro.c yet blooms; Comes thc thought of sorrows only, While we trea'J among the tomb. There arc those tones of gladnesi Ring as in a former day Change of scene has banished ? adnesi, Pleasure yet doth hold her sway. Yet how soon will come the sorrow, Yet untold to those who smile; Know they not there eometi tomorrow? It may bring its meed of guile. Many years have passed so fleeting! Fleeting as the sullen gloom Of the night; when morn comes greeting Dewy meadows, flowers that bloom. And how many now are left me. Who in friendship's bonds were bound? Death of all but one bereft me Low they are bleeping in thc ground. The blasted tree upon the mountain Bears no more its foliage green; Nor grnerous rain, nor running fountain. Can revive it once again. Yet o'er it j trunk now rough and cheerless. Climbs the ivy tenderly; Frail and fair, yet ever fearless, '.Mid the wind's wild minstrclsr. The Kansas Ixvesticatixg CoMMirrtr. Mr. j CainI'1f11, of hio' havinS declined to act on this I mmhtce on account of his engage- l mentä as Chairman of the Committee of av and MemS hich among other things, has the new T,. ; riff Bill in charge, Mr. Sherman (Fusicnist,) from ! ,lw sam? Statc ,us been appointed in his stead. ' co'lMn' Commute are William . v- -' - .muijii, aim .uuruscu : -. Ilounni f v iicinnif .,T T:..1.: i t i. reporting at the present session. Of I 1.nm.. ! 1;lturp' l.v ,llc y has turned out to I a very 1 . . .Mr.Rcrnv .istixs ok 1 RKriKiM. A verr 1 irr- Wl.t.r M ...... f j lMt'iiai jo ( iii nil in. 7i uns committee tnco't res pond cure aforesaid A deh-jx-rate effort is made to eentnie the crni- inittcc a still rxitin, with ronsidt ratle pontr!t. and length of days unlimited. The eflort, howevt r. hut a compulsory . "Some of the doings of this committee have been sufficiently singular. The constitutional convention authorized them to issue scrip to an amount not ex cecding SCTi.OOO, to defray extraordinary expense pic.iouaio iuc organization, ot content with this, an effort to-daj was tnnde in the House to pan a resolution authorizing them to issue scrip to par the expenses of thc session virtually to continue them in existence. Previously, this same commit tee issued $3,000 to pay four of their number to carry thc constitution to Washington, where not one of them hag gone with iL - "Another remaikalde act of the committee was thc recent expulsion from their number of Mr. G. W. Brown, t crctly, and the substitution of m pliublt man in his ttead. This is all very well, since if this scrip shall ever be redeemed it must be with money furnUhed ty uorthf i n negro- w orshippcre. "Senator Lane (he is V. 8. Senator elect along with Keeder) like "Governor' Kobinson, i the merest adventurer. They arc a worthy pair; worthy defenders of thc 'freedom of Kansati." Let the iicgro-w orhippers hurry up Karnes fub scriptions, so that the scrip issued iu the Vau of freedom" may not fall more than ninctr-five per cent, below par. ht. Free Vrrt$. Hi'mv Thc InNiisiana Legislature have remov ed Mr. Hufty.thc K. N. Sheriff of New Orleans, who as elected by means of his party breaking the ballot boxes and destroying the leca'l vote. r..t j for Mr. Dell, Democrat. The office is worth 1 00- 000 a year, and Mr Hufty ha a right to be huffy. Astronomers say that if a cannon ball were fired from Earth to Saturn, it would be ICO years getting there. In that event, Professor John Phoenix thinks the people, of Saturn would have lirao to dode the. shot. . lie who goes to bed In anger, has tho devil for his bedfellow! A wajj denies us to say that he knows a married man irho, thou if h he rjoos to bed meek and gentl a ti limb, i in the :mA predijjincnt.