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mi DMOCMT. THE BLESSINGS OF GOVERNMENT, LIKE THE DEWS OF HEAVEN, SHOULD FALL ALIKE UPON THE RICH AND THE POOR. JACKS O N. a - -! er. i fik; net ; rA i I 51 f! i l r.r II t v I V9- ; TlH, 11 il 3 At r0ft Vol.. is.) business Hiicctonj. v mMlRSttlLL ÖiÄlüT, tt'BLISUED KTCRT THCRSDAT MORXIXG, BT a. v. Thompson & p. McDonald TK It MS If r i' i Si !v iii A '. Tt ' l" & 111 'Titll 1". i -'. until liu eil I of i at- wir,. .1 5:1 o VI ADVERTISING: a e tquire (ten lines or less) three week,. . . ' ; : 1 no 25 ac'i i.l;.iumai liueruon, Cjlunm t'-.r.-v month. i , C'tlamn ?ix rari'lu, ROD t- rvi.,, iir. 12 00 W.lvltitil - in. ;( - - i Column three months, t nn ij Co!urrn six month lj JJn Column otic year, Column three" months, ,,u Column sixm'uith-S Column one ve.ir 00 Yetrlj i.lvertiera have the privilege ot one un,; ueeof charge. Oc Htmotvat ob (Dftitr! P I. A I N KIJI.E S AND illlllyho,! Ac, &c. Our Jot Department i. now ppliel with jn x-tetL-ive nd welt elected asioriraent of new styles pi.iin ant! t'mey JOB T"3TJET3, Which n ilts us to excent, n ttn.rt m-tscr an t r ii nihle tenni, til k:n s of Triin i.l Omamen- JOB V 'IHN VI NU' NEAT. FAST AN t" CHEAP; -vcn .s cir.aa. .r LtREI . cjTAi.or.cr, k1 in -h rt, !'. ;oa. C iii o I - rMiui.KT, pcsimss cinns. to.A-.n ur.ru i : rv ire'y ..si ' ! Ii. -"crtj - It t ' -'1 atti c i r , . .i;i,t-:h. Int. iMJfttVVI.KK .V miti iv iw m vu x' ? I)rv G vHj ..ist G.-.K-.-rics, fir-.t t r si of MVM ..n rt -.S-x inor.Mi. Ind. J 1 : l.if'w.ite.-trett 'o raor.tn, InJ. C1 PALMK!?. !)L:AI.KR IN !"V ROODS & ; fi.,c u-, .;'-! coiner Importe an x' : l.'ut. a- ii nniri-.K x .. V. . . - npii rns; is; m Ilr G id JLw VV S, HHh . ..i.'" . I'ivm.Mith, In-i UAUDWAUE lu: ';:::iv::...r!ym..uth?in:i . . l'U mouth, In-1. . . . . i 4 l. nArr.MAXLTACTr.TRKRor Caninet Vre Pyai -.itli, Ind. T ir.SMlTin'rsT i V 2 . v. rts:h? M c-iicai. 6t., Plvtnouth. In I. EI.J.I01T k Co., MAXLTACTUUKRS ..Cirriipesi P.ow.P. mouth, Ii qj. Inl. CV)I.LI.N" NICHOLS, M '.NUKACTlJfi- rr,:SHo io Plym,;:,. Int. OU. I). AM'TIIONG, I1LACKS.MITII, a I lint!. ..f t'le l'..-t l-r, PIvmnnlK Inj i . - - .......... i ...... ENJ. BENTS, BLACKSMITH, Plymouth, Ind. K. BRIGGS, BLACKSMITH, Plvntouth, Ind, ... j EDWARDS HOTEL, UVU'.C. EDWARD.-,! Plymouth. In J. 4 C. CAPRO.V, ATfORNEV L CORN - lelor at Ltw Pi mouth, Iii'l. 1IIAS. If. REEVE, ATTORNEY AT LAW ttHLTYBj CUTS. l Noury Pulic- P:ytn uth, lr..?. ' jfi.u as ii may. ii is the imperative and in- HORACE C0RI1IN, ATTORNEY AT LAW i dispensable duty of the Uovcrnmeii; of .he Plymouth, In I. j United S.aies lo secure to every resident TORN G. OSBORNE, A TTORNEY AND ; inhabi.ant the free and independent expres cou!ollor at Lur.ofü-e over C. P.ilmcr'n store, I -.' ,. e i . , ,. , . or. Lporte n-l Mich. t.. nvmouth, In.lirtna. ! 010,1 uf 1,10 "I,,:'" 1" Vote. 1 Ms sa- pElTTlCGlrÄTTORNEYS AND Cre41 T'.' 'vidual must l3 pre- rCounsellorsat U Plymouth, Inl. j Served. 1 hu being accomplished, no.h- C1 AML. B. CORB A LEY. NOTARY PITIlMP l,,Ä,t l lw,VM l,,e f Plymouth, Ind. DR. J. E. BROOKE, PHYSICIAN & PUR ?eon Plymouth, Ind. rpilEO. A. LEMON, PHYSICIAN. SUR I GEON k Dnippint Plvm-xilh, Ind. IUFUS BROWN, PHYSICIAN k 1, V GEON PI j iii;th, IihI. SHIGGINBOTHAM, PHYSICIAN k .SUR - GEON Pirnrmih, TOIIN II. SHOEMAKER, WATCHMAKER t ß nl jcwr lr. .Piym.uth.Iu.l. Fy LINGER i BRO. DEALERS IN LUMBER I - I .1. I. I m.vv iMiuoum, mu. Plymouth, InJ. E N IX Y P I E R C E , DEALER IN CLO-thiii- A. Kumisliin G xxN, Plvinmth, Iml. usTiN kjm.e:;, manufacturer An-I Ie;h rin Fl ear Pivmouth, lud tie EN RY M.LOGAN k Co.. DEALERS IN J Lismlwr, Ac Plymouth, Ind. B ARBERI.NG AND RAIRDRKSSINf;, BY I wl Country will speedily becomo ez A,rre,t Bllhw'- ' Phrmoutli, Iid. j iinci. Most happy will it b.j fjr the coun- riLEAVELAND Ac IIEWETT. DEALERS W in I l)rr Goo-Ij, ?tc PIr mouth. In.. j IL CASE. JuiTICi; OP THE PEACE, t . Pimouth, IuI. SALOON, BY 3. EDWARD. Plymouth, Ind. J. J. VLVALL, HOMEOPATHIST, I. jJO.aVeoi-rr P!m-r'ntore, Plymouth, In.l. J. HUME, HARNESS MAKER, Pirmouth, Ind. WM. RUDD, MANUEACTURER OK Boota and Shoes,. ..... Plymouth, Ind. C, STALKY, MANUFACTURER AND , dealer in Boot L Shoet, Plymouth, Ind. AMERICAN HOUSE, nY J. W. BARNE outh of river bridge. , I rn v'. In I MRS. DUNHAM, .MILLINER k MANTUA !Ujr, ri7onb. lad Buchanan's Inaugural Address. Fellow Citizens. I appear Ik furo you this ilny to täte the solemn oath: that I will f mhfully execute the office of President of; the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the. Constitution of the United States.- In entering upon thU great office I most humblv invoke tha God of our Fathers for wisdom an I firmness to ex cti e i high and lespiniriole du ies i such a m i ine r a to res: no harmony and -h i a.u i ni f.ioid si ip among the people of the si-veral s;a es and to preserve our five ins i.u i- i through out many genra.l:ts. Co vi iced tha. 1 owemv election 4 the iuheierit love for the m Constitution an 1 ita Union whu h s ill an iinaes ihe h:r;s -f ih- Anvtieai pfopi, let lie true ly aVi ti l powerful support i i &us ai ii.r' al j i- ni-aatiri's ea!ri!a e l to pcrK;ua.e .hse, the iic!e pll i.ai blessiii" which Heaven has ever bstowed upon any na.ion. Ilavin-' determined not to become a can- tlidaie for re-eleciion, I shall have no mo- iiveto influence myconduci i i admiaites- iijihe governmn;, except the desire, ably I A.! Vk.all .k f-- ni v iminl rr l iwl tu Iv t,,e grateful memcry of my toun- I ;rvmen. We have recently passed through a Presidential contest in which the pass ions f our fellow citizens were exened to the highest degree by questions of deep and vi al importance, but when the people proclaimed their will, the tempest at once subsided, and all was calm. The voice of t l.o iuaj i i.y speaking in the manner per se ibed by the Constitution was heard, and i is a it subiiiission followed. Our own country could alon- have ex- .ibi ed so grand and striking a Rpectach . f die capaci.y of man for self-government. Wi.at a happy conception, then, was i f-r Congress to apply this simple j j.j tj e wjjj0f t,e n,nj ri:y shall gov- e.nin the so tlemnt of the question of j domes. ic slavery in the lern.oiie Con 'less la nei.iier to le laiaie iaer i.iioau . . i i . .., .. ' Vrrt .rv or State, nor to exclude it there , , tiercof prc. i ' -o-to their do- hues io instil itioiis in their own way, sub- j jectouly to the Constitution of the United I S a.es. As a natural consequence, Congieis has ...... - ,.t.. nr....ilil tlt when 'he ieru.oryoi ..... t ii Kansas sliall oe aJmitteo as a ouwe, it o.oi ; be leeeiwd Vlluj!i?aRfclnar Dicciib ,,u .i ii;e lijne of ilieir admission. A didereilt. onilMoll h:is nrwr in r.uror I . ,. ,ui. r . , , " m. . " l"c Jll,e W,MMI l,,e Pf''Tl0 of a lmtoiy fr themselves. L',lti happily a matter of but li.tlt prac- ! ti:l imp . ia ie- a id besi les ii is a j i.li- Uui iiiies i wnich le'i ima dv belon .s to "p'oaio Court b..f wil1 J js , of thj Uni od S a es, o j o w iKndi.iir. and will. i. is undersiood. be speediiv a id finally &e.- I 1 t'.eil. To their descieion, ii common wii, all good ci.izeus. 1 shall cheerfully sub mil, whatever this may Lh, though ii has myindivilu.il opinion that tri Je ihe Ne- braska-Kansas act, li.e apiM.ip: ia e in-ii ! .... . , ' ' 1 1 j ,vl11 ,,u U,H'" number ..( acual icssden:s 1 j..s. ! in th i .... ...... i... 1 1 : . .. . i- ihe forma- iew to i.s j Hon of a C ns l. mi ni Wim a ! admission as a Suite i a.o the Union; hut be a Ten i.ory free from all foreign influence to decide their own destiny f,r themselves, subject only to tl e Constitution of the U ui ed S.tes. The whole- teni.ori d question being thus s-. ! 1 uj)n, the principle of popular sov- j deign. y, a principle as ancient as free gov- 1 einment l self, everything of a prac.ical ' - ,,. . v. . 1 l i i i . I ihk ii i- u';vnufi utfu nnu no oilier ques- ; 'i Ml remains for adjustment, because all arree lhat under the. ftinsthii'.Lm ulai-v I in (he Sfo . "'V I 'll v. IIIU It'llill 7I n II I J ,. ..,. .. ..um. 1. 1 power except mat ol iiio respective Slates themselves wherein it exists. May we nut then hpo that the long agitation on this subject i nppror.ching its ond and that the geographical parties to which it has giv en birth, so much d leaded by the Father try when the public mind shall be diverted from this quefi.ion toothers of more press ing and practical importance. Throughout the whol progress of this agitation which ha scarcely known any in termission for moro than twenty years, while it has been productir of no posi iv good to any hnman being. It has been the prolifiic source of great evil to the master, to the slave and to the whol coun try. It has alienated and estranged the people of tha sistf r States from each other and endangered the very existence of the Union. Nor has the danger entirely ceaa ed. Under our our system there is a rem edy for all more political svil in tho sound PILYMOTDTIfl, sense a id sob rj idgmsnt of tho people. Ti ne is a great correction. The poli ical subjects, which but a kw j years ago excited and exasperated the pub Ji0 mind, have passed away and are now nearly forgotten. But this question of do- ; mestic slavery u of tar grea:er, import; very n ol tar grea:er, importance than any mere political ques.ion because, siionld th agtLition couiinue, i: may event ually endanger the personal safeiy of a lar p..rim of our countrymtMi whwre the is i u.io'i exis s. l:i that even' no form "f government, hwever admis.sib'e ia i: self however productive of na.iojial bene-ti- can compens Ue for the loss of peace anldoms.ic oci y around the fimiivi l ar. L t very Uui n loving man ihere f .e exeri. his bs i itlueure to suppress the a'itiioii which, ice the recent leisla tin f Ooiiress, is without anv IejAimaie obj:c... I is an evil of the limns that ni-.:i i.ave u.ider.aken to tMiCula.c the mvie ! iua.iial vailuo ofihe Union Recent, est' ma. es have been prsen'ed of the pecuriary profits and local advantages whh-h would result to diifereut States and ftecli nis from its dissolution; of the com parative injmi-s which ftuch an event would inflict on oUier States and sec ions; even descending to this lov and narrow view of the mighty question. All such calculations are ai fault. The bare refer ence to a single conM.lera ion will be con- elusive on tins point. e at present en joy a free tiado throtigotit our extensive and expansive country, such as the world never witnessed. This trade is conducted on Railroads ani Canals, on the noble rivers and arms of the hea which bind to gether the North and the Suuih, the Pias and thu West f our confederacy. Annihi laie this trade, arrest i s free progiess by geographical lines of jealousy and hostile States, and you destroy the prospeii y and on ward march of the whole and every part, and involve all in one common ruin. Rut such considerations, important as they aie in themselves, tink into i.isi 'iiificance when we reflect on the terrific evils which would result from disunion to every porti.m of the confederacy, to the North not more than to the South, to the East not more 1 1 an to the West. TheStf I shall no . nltmot to l.orfrne. cause I feel an humble confidence that the kind provi hnce which inspired our fith eis wi.h wisd. - m' st peif-ct w hi ot government and unio i ever devised by man, wiJI not sutler it to pciudi until it liall have Ixen percep ibly invtrumeiitnl fy its example, in the extension of civil and religious liberty throughout the world. Next in importance to the maintainance of ihe Cotis.itution and the Union, is the ilu y ot preserving government free from taint or even suspicion of corruption. Pub lic virtue is the vi al spirit of Republi. s. and lii-story proves when this has decayed, and the love ef money has usurped its place, although ihe power of her govern ment may remain for a season, the sub stance has departed forever. Ou- pn-s.Mit financial condition is with ou: a pai.dl. I in l is.oiy. No nation has ever before been embarrassed from toj large a surplus in it Treasury. This al most necessarily gives birth to extrava gant legislation. It produces wild schemes of expend! ures. and begets a race of spec ulators and jobbers whose iir-cuui:y is ex eried in conniving and promoting expedi ents li obtain the public money. Party through its official agents whether li-ht fully or wrongfully, is suspected, and the diameter of the government suffers in tho csiimation of tho people. This is in itself a very great evil. The national mode of rebel fiom embarrassment, is to appropri a'o the surplus in the treasury to lTeat na tional objects, for which a clear warrant can be Lund in the constitution. Among these I might mention tho extinguishment of the national debt, a reasonable increase of tho Navy, which is at present inadequate to ihe protection to our vast tonnage afloat, no greater than that of any other nation, as well as tho defense of our extensive sea coast. It is beyond all question the true princi ple that no moro rerenue ought to bo col lected from the people, than the amount necessary to defray the expenses of a wise economical and efficient administration of he government. To reach this, it was necessary to resort to a modification of the tariff, and this has bfcti accomplished in such a manner as to do as little injnry as may have been practi cable to our domestic manufactures, es pecially those necessary for the defense of the country. Any discrimination against a particular branch fir the purpose of ben efitting favorite corporations, individuals, or interests, would have been unjust to the rest of the communny and inconsistent wuh that spirit of fairness and equally which ought to govern in tho adjustment of revenue tariff. But tho squandering of the public mon- ley sinks into comparative insignificance MAIRLCiHI 13, 157. as a tempralion to corruption, when com pared with the squandering of the Publie Luids. No nation in the tide of timo has ever been blessed with so ri-di and noblo an in heritance as we enjoy in the Public Lands. In administering this important trust whilsi It may be wise to grant portions of them for the improvement of the remainder, yet we should nerer fjrget that it is our cardi nal policy to reserve these lands as much as may be fur actual settlors, and this at moderate , tV W öi ''! thus not only promote the prospcri.y of the new States by furnishing them a hardy and indepen dent race of honest and industrious citi zens, but shall secure homes for- our chil dren, and our children's children, as well as those exiled from -foreign shores who may seek to improve their condi. ion and to enjoy the blessings of civil and religious liberty. Such emigrants have done much to promote the growth and prospeii ty of the country. They have proved fniiliful, both in peace and in war. Afer becoming chizens, they are entitled under the Coiisiiiu.iou and Laws to be placed on a pe-fect equaluy with native-born citizens and in ihischaracter they should ever kind - uu rccognizeu. The Federal Constitution is a grant from the Slates to Congress of cer:aiu specific powers, and the question whether this i.. i.- - i I grant shall be liberally and strictly con . lrule1. ,ias mwe or leys divided poli.ical parlies from the b"iunin. Without en teting into the argument, I desire to state at lh commencement of mv admiuistra lion, that long expei ieure and observation has convinced me that a strict construe. ion of the power of government is thy onlv true, as well as the oiily Sfe theory of the Consinu:i)n. , Whenever , in our past history, doubt- 1 ul powers have been exercised by Con gress, they have never faileu to produce in jurious and unhappy consequences. Many such instances might bo-jadduced if this were the proper occasion, neither is it nec essary for the public service to train the lanuaire of the Constitution, because all the great and useful powers required fir the successful administration of the gov ernment, lioth in reai'n tr in war, have been granted, ei her in express terms or by the plainest impih a ion. Wl.ile deep ly convinced of the truth, I yet consider j iv clear, that under the war-makinir Dower. Congress may appropi ia:e money towards the construe. iou of a military road, when this is absolutely necessary for the defense of any Sate or Terii:ory of the Union against foreign invasion. Under the Constitution Congress has power to dvclaie war, to raise and support armies, to provide and maintain a navy and to call forih the miii ia to repel invasion. Thus endowed in an ample manner with a war-making power, the corresponding du ty is required lhat the United States shall protect each of the States against inva sdon. How is it possible to afford this protec tion to California, and our Pacific posses sions, except by means of a military road through territories of the United States, over which men and munition? of war may be transported from the Atlantic States to meet and repel the invader. In case of a war with a naval power stronger than our own, we would have no other available ac cess to the. Pacific coast, because such a power would instantly close the route across the Isthmus of Central America. It is impossible to conceive it. The constitution has expressly required Congress to defend all tho Slates. It should not deny I hem by any fair con struction the only posiblo means by which one of tho States can bo defended. Re sides tho government, ever since its origin, has been in tho constant practice of con structing Militarv Roads. It might also bo wiso to consider wheth er the love for the Union which now ani mates our fellow chitons on the Pacific coast may not be impaired by neglect or refusal to provide fir them in their remote and isolated co adition, the only means by which the power of the States on this side of the ttocky Mountains can reach them in sufficient timo to protect them against invasion, l ioi bear lor the present from eipressmg an opinion as to tho wisest and most economical modo in which Govern ment ran lend itsaiJ in accomplishing this great and necessary work. I believe that many difficulties in the way wh'ch appear fornnJable, will, in a great degree vanish as soon as tho nearest and best route shall bo Bitisftctorally ascertained. It may bo right that on this occas!on I m.iitu wiiii uriei remarks as io our rights i-rtd duties as a member of tho great . i ; t . . . I - fL . f 1 . . 111111 ui na.tona. in our intercourse with them there are some plain principles ap proved by our own experience from which we should never depart. We ought to cul tivate peace, commerce and friendship with all nations and this not merely as the best moans of promoting onr own material in terest, but in a spirit of Christian btnevo- lence toward our fellow men wherever their lot may be cast. Our diplomacy should be direct and frank, neither seeking to ob tain more, nor accept less than is our due. We ouht to cherish a sacred regard for the independence of all nations, and never attempt to interfere in the domes ic con cerns of any unless this shall be impera tively requiied by the great law of self preservation. To avoid cntanjlinj alliances has been a maxim of our policy ever since the days of Washington, and its wisdom no one will dispute. In short we ought to do jus lice in a kindly spirit to all nadous. and re quire justice from them in return. It is our glory that while other nations have ex tended their dominions by the sword, we have never acquired any Territory except by fair purchase, or as in the case of Tex as, by the voluntary detormina ion of a brave kindred. and independent people to blend their destinies with our own. Even our acquisitions from Mexico form no ex ception. Unwilling to take advantage of the fortune of war against a sister Repub lic, wo purchase these posssessious undi the treaty of peace for a sum which was ! considered at the time a fair equivalent Our past history forbids that we shall in the future acquire .erritory unless this be sanctioned by the laws of justice and hon or, acting on this principle, no nation will have a right to interfere or to complain of the progress of events. We shall still fur ther extend our possessions. Hitherto in all our acquis! Jons, the pao- ; p!e, under the protec io i of the American flag, have enj iye I civil an 1 rfeligious liber - ty, as well as equal an I jast laws, and haveb.-e:i contented, prosperous and hap - ,m .1 -.1 -i ..i ,. pv- i neir ira le wmi me rei oi ine worin - has rnpi Uy t:icr.-ased, and thus every com - mercial na i n has shared largely in their ... . . - successfal progress I shall now procee 1 to take tha oith prescribed by tlm C is i tu ion whilst humbly invoking the blessings of Divine Providence on this great people. JAMES BUCHANAN, Washington, March 4. From the Locomotive. LEGISLATIVE SUMMARY. SENATE. On Fiiday, poli ics w.is the order of ihe day. aS'.Ii in was none Out wranirlinir abul a decision of the Chair, ia tela i n . o to the eleu. i ni ot S'a'e offieea. and di cushions en Senator Wood's case. On Saturday, the same old subject vras resumed, and occupied the entire morning. The proceedings were varied slightly by the readiiiL' ot a niotent from the ToVmn- i cratic Senators, ia th case of Woods. Itt the afternoon no bill were passed, but a number of resolutions were adopvd. and bills introduced, and messages of Hous'. Rills received. Ou Monday, a motion was mnde in ihe Senate to have ihe Farewell Address of Washington read, and was proposed t amend by adding ihe Lord's Prayer, and Christ s Sermon on the Mount, but af.er Home discussion, it was dferred until the last day of tho session. A select commit tee was appointed to investigate tho fees and salary hf Gov. Wrighr. The persist ent opposition of Gov. XV right to the nw State Rank, is drawing d wn on him op - position fiom all quarters. The hill to provide for selecting petit jorors from bv standei-s. was lost on its final pasage. The bill to authorize the record of deeds, with the transcripts, to be taken in evi dence, was passed. The bill in relation to the Sinking Fund, was discussed, and af ter sme amendments, was referred to a select committee. The bills to enable ihe wives of insane persons lo convey real es tate, and to preserve the purity of elections both passed. On Tuesday, the Senats spent pirt of me iii'imiiii- joiiuiuei mg me rduea'.ionai hill, which was made the order of tho day for Thursday, at 10 o'clock. A large num ber of reports of committees were present ed, and mostly concurred in. The Tem perance bill was made the order of the day for Wednesday. The following bills pass ed on their third reading; To protect wild game: To preserif.e punishment for care less running of mil road trains over the tracks of other roads: In relation to laying out and varating strec's: To amend" the swamp art law: To enable married women whose husbands have absented themselves t exercise the rights of resident house holders: To enable S'a'e office re to com promise 6tiit with individuals: preseiibing the duties of State Agent; .and providing for his !ection by the people. The 6alarv bill of Judgrs and Governor failed a sec ond time for wanr of a constitutional ma- jority. I his was one of tho best working days "X the session. On Wednesday, in the Sen.V Dr. R.bbs presented a petition from one thousand five hundied mothers, wives and daughters of mis ci:j', praying mat the present Tempe rance iaw mar bo retained until a better is enacted, and that the State will not be come a party to he lujuor traffic through ine license ayaiem, wnicn was presented to the committee on Temperrnee. After fevrral reports from committees had been made, the same old subject politics oo cupied the time until noon. A resolu ion to direct the committee investiting the charges of fraud in the passag. of the State Bank Charter, to report their pro eeeding a far as had, was the immediate cause at this timo. The time was fixed cn the Gth of March. The afternoon was oc cupied wi:h the Temperane question, the bill being di&cussed section by section, wivhout final aclLu. HOUSE. On Friday, af.er a number of reports f orn comniiees were received, the bill for ihe investment and safe keeping of the Rank School Fund, was discussed at length and recommitted with instructions. This bill provides for thi distribution of this fund, amounting to millions, to the coun ties, for the benefit of common schools. In the afternoon, thu bill re-rulatin the For eigu Insurance Companies, passed af.er a lengthy discussion. Also, bill to enable persons owning swamp lands todiain them aad for ihe rviiefof persons who have bor rowed money fioiii th Sinking Fund. On Saturday, the House, in committee o i the whole, disctisaed the liquor law. This provides lLr the licensing, by the Board of County Commissioners, at prices ran-ino; f:om tif v to five hundred dollars. Several actions were passed but the House adjourned for Want of a quorum. A num ber ot reports weft maJe from Commit- tees, and properly acted on, and reso'u- i Hons and bills introduced. j cy will nave found ks way to the mint, and lit the House, on Monday, no quorum! will reappear ia society with a fresh, hon picsent uniil af.ernoou. The appor- est decimal face, as a faithful set vant, rath tionment bill pissed, by a vote of bi to ! er h u as a soipv, tlippery sapper and 20. The liquor bill was before the coin- mittee of the whole, who reputed progress and presented the bill with amendments. This bill grants license, at rate of from 35J to .ö'JJ, and although it was finally acted on, there is little do mbt but it will ' pass the House. In the House, on Tuesday, Mr. Rlake reported a bill changing the Constitution to provide for annual bessions of the legisla ture, and argued its passage, but i. was indefinitely postponed by a large majority. The b'll to prohibit the issue of unauthor ized bank paper, was amended to as to make the issuing, or failure to redeem hills of ihischaracter a misdemeanor, and pie- j;,ciioing ihe punisument, was ordered to i be engrossed, after a long discussion. T.Me ! uil1 to amend the Rank law, and to pr.. iJe i for five addi.ioual branches, was coasi lei- . . e .... . .... I I . I r..r ! wl It I .clriw. I nc I I .. Ui Uli lt. 111.11 lll.lit Ul II nie . ' jv pis,..j vv.u to provi le for the se- citri v of fa ids in ilei hands of the Aent of S.a c. T..e Towusaip bill, and the liq- uor bill, were both under discussion, but no definite action taken on either. In the House, on Wednesday, final action was not taken on anr bill. In the inornin-' the time was mainly occupied on a bill al lowing railroad companies to change their lines, and a j int res dutioa t legalize Cal umet dam. in the State of Illinois. The entiio af.eruooii was spent on the '1 ei.tiio af.eruooii was spent on the Tempe- lance bill, which was final I v ordered to b-. engrossed. A Sheep Shearing Machine. ' ..; : , r i. i- ... wi u:iii-i(I nati laveiiied ;i mi- chl.e for shearing sheep. Tin idea first struck us as a veiy novel one, for we could not picture lo our imagination how a ma chine colli 1 be invented lhat could success fully cut the wxd from a live sheep. Rut in attending tho fall fairs we had an oppor luni y of seeing the thing itself in full and uccessful opera. ion, when all ouruuagin ed difliculties vanished. The machine and tie manner of using it was comparatively as Mmj le as the common shears. Rut in order :o b j more fully ii.f jrmed as l i s adva itages when applied lo ex- i . . . ; tensive snomng, we, a week or two since. wrote io a friend in Michigan io give us some facts on the subject, in n'piv we are informed lhat with it one man can shear one hundred sheep in a day, and had the operator nothing to do but to shear, iwo hundred could ba sheared ia lhat time. The Editor of ihe Michigan Farmer. j I "I do not hesita.e to pronounce it o ie of me iiiosi- us 'iui ia vcu . ions oi mis a.e. The rapidity and nca.nees iih which it do.s i.s work, must eifecta universal intro- dmtio'i of this machine for general shear - ing. The days of old shears may b' coa- idered numbered. Kvery firmer w ho has 5) sheep sh uld have one. Af.er repeated and close examination I cannot discover how it can, when well made, ever ret seri-' ..... . . ouily out ot order, and 1 brieve one will last a life time, and perhaps longer, wit i uiwnirt'j cAie. In order to uivc the reader an I let of the character and appeaianco of the mv! chine; we will state lhat it has a 6triki ar . ... " - i " resemblance to a mowing machino of the present day, but in miniature. Tho cul ling blades are small and precisely on the j p i.i ii oi laiuoiiii 9 iiio i.ig inac nmt oiaaes. In using this machine it is strapped lo the arm or shoulder of tho operator, the ..i r r ...!.. : . i .ii. i -7 cutters are then placed upon tho body of the sheep, and tho handle is grasped by ihn right hand and moved back and forth. when a continuous rotary movement is! communicated to a spur whed which i ?rs int i a small pinion and gives mo:i n to ihe blades. When we saw it m operati n, w noticed that ihe sheaiing was neatly as close and smooth as the ahearing is in dressing broadcloth in the faetery. so that a great saving of wtwd is effected. Such is the arrangement of the blades that it is impossible to cut the skin of tho sheep, so that it is likely to prove an instrument of humanity as well as economy -Louisville Courier. .. Rov. Mr. Duff remark: "I am prepared from experience to say, that in nino cases out of tea, the hoards of accumulated money given to child en, by whom they were never earned, prove in point of fact, rather a curse than a blesting. a I am d epaicJ lo substantiate that as a mat ter of fact, not merely from my own knowl edge ou the subject, but from the state ment of men who havo been of watchful and observant habits, cultivated .not in Great Britain, but in America. Vet it is melancholy, that so little do parents know of the mass of miaery they are ac-umula-ting for their children in heaping up these hoards for them, as little do they thiuk how bi with misery these hssrdt? are." 1 (WMOILE NO. 7. Tha war on Spanish quarters, Shillings, is now raging with unabated fury, and ev ery luckless peison who happens to be caught in want of a drink or omnibus ride, or any other small thing, that is to be got with small change, puts his hand in his pocket and advances to a counter, or tv wards an omnibus man's fingers, with a feeling of apprehension or diflidence vei much akin to that tlt by a man about to perpetrate some unlawful act. The trutn is, the game of the old currency is up, the popular verdict has sanctioned the w against these financial shreds and pitches, and they must at once. sink their smooth pretention? and go iiigloiioiisly out at five, ten, and twenty cents, and no'thirig more. Everybody seems agreed upon the subject, and tliis liuid ihe ivl-um cannot miss fire. It may fill wi.h a little edge for once or twice, upon some uufjrtuua e fellow who gus a dollar or two in his possession, but tne loss need fill only once, for, pm on guard, the sutl'cier thrts burnt will never take a Spanish pi elender to financial sufH- cieucv again In a month from to.dav thousands of dollars of this ragged curren- 0 miner of the pocket. Porter' Spirit of the Times. XZT A Recipe Wor.nt One Thousand Dollar. lake on j pound of sai soda and half a pound of un&iacked lime, put the: put tneni ititO a gallon of water and boil twenty min u.es, lei it stand till cooi, tl.on dram oil. and put it in a stone jug or jar. Soak your dirty dlothes over night or until they are well wet through, then wring them out and rub on plenty of soap, and to one' boiler of clothes well covered over with water, add one tea-spoonful of the wash-ing-lluid. Roil half an hour briskly, then wash them thoroughly through vim' suds, a d rinse well thsough water, and your cloth'-s wid look better than the old way of xvashliig twi.-e Lef i bjiiin", il.is is an inv.tiaaui.j recipe, ana l uo wan: every .:.. i (ll i ,i :, i. .;.7. I ' OI II I eO VS Ml t ti IO I ! II. 1 It. llllC tVlLil j -t p:i:eut wash tub to do the little rubbing, i t.'.e washwman iniglit lake the last lioTei; i j i :u,a compost hermit on the lounge, ard let i washing do itself. The Woman w ho i A keep a secret has know n ihis a year or ' but her husband told it while on an i 'dec i -neeiing tour. So says the Ohb Kultivator. Z-iTHow Wind Produces Cold. Wind produces cold in sevral ways. The nCb Vlülowl,,ö' P-- the decent upon and I Ti j ... n'j.eii o . vi ii. u v.u tu oi coiuer air, to occu py the room of that which it displaces. il also inc.ea-es the euiporation of mois turh from the earth, and this conveys . atvay considerable he.it. This incrcasoJ evad ra:ln, and the mixture of wnrm and cold air usu.q'y produces a on densati r of vap.r in tne atmophere; henco thtj formation f clud, and the consequent detention of the heat brought by the ray of the sun. And whenever the air ia motion is colder than the earth, or any bodies with which tt comes in contac t, a portion of iheir heat is impart' J to the air. 2TMiraoe. Tho Kingston W'hi j says: "On Tuesday last ihe "attention oi ! parties was directed to th! stran-e aspect I raA-.', as from i sfoimlm-it ui . . ; ning aoove tju. iioriuon. and the wl ol outline of tho Ameiican shore was viih!e with the naked eye. Uy the aid of th tel escope the w.M.ds. farms and houses wi.h smAe ascending f.oni ihvm' a!,d t)5 rr.. tire outline of the shonj was dis.iaejjy yj;,. ible. The reflation lasted fjr unw.ir.U .J u noiir. a ' one i clock ! ti' was called to it by Mr. Booh 1 f. " ' owe O CJOCIwVlie!l llllrillun a. . 'Surveyor, tho vi;v from the top Morv of , 'Mr Su;herlri I's new huildia was vejy ( 11 ne ngn;-nous on tne Ameiican s!ire c uld b distinctly ceen with the j w'ave-lishi ig i.s bige. ! XiTThs ivp.n l of the Tivasuie'r of S.a'o j exhibits the same figures, i i a general ' s a'emu, i i icft-reace to the rereip s and expi-nditaies of the revenue of Indiana as exhibited ia the r-po.t of the Audiuir -f t I y. . c a e. it 1 in a more condensed r -rni than the tie. ailed sta ement con.ai:ied ra th Au ditor's Report, and more convention, oa tj . . i.:.:.. ..... i. if l;t account, f.r reteume. Th total loventie of the State for IC16, inclu li'-g the balance on hand from 1255, was S7.tG3.7ll 1 I. l)edirctingtheexp?ntli,u:es for lf5G an 1 halanco remains in the Treasury of 6524, 735 t:3. Th tures The biianc't on hand from the expend i resoflC55. was 3 IGQ,224 15. ai. Ur A free negro died ia Washington, leav in coiifeidcrablrt real cs:a!e, and a wife and chilerea 1 ives in Virginia; as slaves iher could nt inherit, and the. property vested in the United Sta:es for want f lo A bill has passed the Houm? T Rej r -ienta-lives, relinquishingtl.e property to tl a w f i and children on condition that 'iheir master manumit lham, which he is willing to do if the property can bo secuicd for the:r fu. lure supp'Mt. The bill passed almost unanimously in the House, and will meet with no oppositien in the Senate. It is t-' firft slavery bill that ever united tne suj port of all parties in Congress. The idle are a very heavy tax upon the industrious, when by frivolous vKitajons thy rob the on of their lime. Such persons neg men aauy rapptness iromdoor to door at boggart da their daily bread, and like tljem sometimes meet with a rebuff. A moro gossip ought not wo dar if weeyinee sign iht we aro lired of him. seeing that we indebted for the honor of hU visit o3e. ly to the circumstances f ku being tir-J of himself. He. sits at, hca?e uatil he has accumulated an insupportable load of en nui, and then sallies f.iftb lo distribute it among his acquaiafanoe.' i mm Th- ' 1 rjsa m 0H 11 5 rears old.