THE BLESSINGS OF GOVERNMENT, LIKE THE DEWS OF HEAVEN, SHOULD FALL ALIKE UPON THE RICH AND THE POOR. JACKS O N.
tt'BLISUED KTCRT THCRSDAT MORXIXG, BT
a. v. Thompson & p. McDonald
TK It MS
If r i' i Si !v iii
A '. Tt ' l" & 111 'Titll
1". i -'. until liu eil I of i at- wir,.
a e tquire (ten lines or less) three week,.
. . ' ; :
ac'i i.l;.iumai liueruon,
Cjlunm t'-.r.-v month.
i , C'tlamn ?ix rari'lu, ROD
t- rvi.,, iir. 12 00
W.lvltitil - in. ;( - -
i Column three months, t nn
ij Co!urrn six month lj JJn
Column otic year,
Column three" months, ,,u
Column one ve.ir 00
Yetrlj i.lvertiera have the privilege ot one
un,; ueeof charge.
Oc Htmotvat ob (Dftitr!
P I. A I N
Our Jot Department i. now ppliel with jn x-tetL-ive
nd welt elected asioriraent of new styles
pi.iin ant! t'mey
Which n ilts us to excent, n ttn.rt m-tscr an t
r ii nihle tenni, til k:n s of Triin i.l Omamen-
JOB V 'IHN VI NU'
NEAT. FAST AN t" CHEAP;
k1 in -h rt, !'.
;oa. C iii o I -
i : rv ire'y ..si '
It t ' -'1 atti c i r , .
miti iv iw m vu x'
? I)rv G vHj ..ist G.-.K-.-rics, fir-.t t r si of
MVM ..n rt -.S-x inor.Mi. Ind.
J 1 :
l.if'w.ite.-trett 'o raor.tn, InJ.
C1 PALMK!?. !)L:AI.KR IN !"V ROODS &
; fi.,c u-, .;'-! coiner Importe an x'
: l.'ut. a-
ii nniri-.K x .. V. . .
- npii rns; is;
m Ilr G id JLw
VV S, HHh . ..i.'"
. I'ivm.Mith, In-i
. . l'U mouth, In-1.
. . . . i 4
Caninet Vre Pyai -.itli, Ind.
i V 2 . v.
rts:h? M c-iicai. 6t., Plvtnouth. In I.
EI.J.I01T k Co., MAXLTACTUUKRS
..Cirriipesi P.ow.P. mouth, Ii
CV)I.LI.N" NICHOLS, M '.NUKACTlJfi-
rr,:SHo io Plym,;:,. Int.
OU. I). AM'TIIONG, I1LACKS.MITII,
a I lint!. ..f t'le l'..-t l-r, PIvmnnlK Inj
i . - - .......... i ......
ENJ. BENTS, BLACKSMITH,
K. BRIGGS, BLACKSMITH,
EDWARDS HOTEL, UVU'.C. EDWARD.-,!
Plymouth. In J.
CAPRO.V, ATfORNEV L CORN -
lelor at Ltw Pi mouth, Iii'l.
1IIAS. If. REEVE, ATTORNEY AT LAW
Noury Pulic- P:ytn uth, lr..?. ' jfi.u as ii may. ii is the imperative and in-
HORACE C0RI1IN, ATTORNEY AT LAW i dispensable duty of the Uovcrnmeii; of .he
Plymouth, In I. j United S.aies lo secure to every resident
TORN G. OSBORNE, A TTORNEY AND ; inhabi.ant the free and independent expres
cou!ollor at Lur.ofü-e over C. P.ilmcr'n store, I -.' ,. e i . , ,. , .
or. Lporte n-l Mich. t.. nvmouth, In.lirtna. ! 010,1 uf 1,10 "I,,:'" 1" Vote. 1 Ms sa-
pElTTlCGlrÄTTORNEYS AND Cre41 T'.' 'vidual must l3 pre-
rCounsellorsat U Plymouth, Inl. j Served. 1 hu being accomplished, no.h-
C1 AML. B. CORB A LEY. NOTARY PITIlMP l,,Ä,t l lw,VM l,,e f
DR. J. E. BROOKE, PHYSICIAN & PUR
?eon Plymouth, Ind.
rpilEO. A. LEMON, PHYSICIAN. SUR
I GEON k Dnippint Plvm-xilh, Ind.
IUFUS BROWN, PHYSICIAN k
1, V GEON
PI j iii;th, IihI.
SHIGGINBOTHAM, PHYSICIAN k .SUR -
TOIIN II. SHOEMAKER, WATCHMAKER
t ß nl jcwr lr.
Fy LINGER i BRO. DEALERS IN LUMBER
I .1. I. I
m.vv iMiuoum, mu.
E N IX Y P I E R C E , DEALER IN CLO-thiii-
A. Kumisliin G xxN, Plvinmth, Iml.
usTiN kjm.e:;, manufacturer
An-I Ie;h rin Fl ear Pivmouth, lud
EN RY M.LOGAN k Co.. DEALERS IN
J Lismlwr, Ac
B ARBERI.NG AND RAIRDRKSSINf;, BY I wl Country will speedily becomo ez
A,rre,t Bllhw'- ' Phrmoutli, Iid. j iinci. Most happy will it b.j fjr the coun-
riLEAVELAND Ac IIEWETT. DEALERS
W in I
l)rr Goo-Ij, ?tc PIr mouth. In..
j IL CASE. JuiTICi; OP THE PEACE,
t . Pimouth, IuI.
SALOON, BY 3. EDWARD.
J. J. VLVALL, HOMEOPATHIST,
I. jJO.aVeoi-rr P!m-r'ntore, Plymouth,
HUME, HARNESS MAKER,
WM. RUDD, MANUEACTURER OK
Boota and Shoes,. ..... Plymouth, Ind.
C, STALKY, MANUFACTURER AND
, dealer in Boot L Shoet, Plymouth, Ind.
AMERICAN HOUSE, nY J. W. BARNE
outh of river bridge. , I rn v'. In I
MRS. DUNHAM, .MILLINER k MANTUA
!Ujr, ri7onb. lad
Buchanan's Inaugural Address.
I appear Ik furo you this
ilny to täte the solemn oath: that I will
f mhfully execute the office of President of;
the United States, and will to the best of
my ability, preserve, protect and defend
the. Constitution of the United States.-
In entering upon thU great office I most
humblv invoke tha God of our Fathers for
wisdom an I firmness to ex cti e i high
and lespiniriole du ies i such a m i ine r a
to res: no harmony and -h i a.u i ni f.ioid
si ip among the people of the si-veral s;a es
and to preserve our five ins i.u i- i through
out many genra.l:ts. Co vi iced tha. 1
owemv election 4 the iuheierit love for the
Constitution an 1 ita Union whu h s ill an
iinaes ihe h:r;s -f ih- Anvtieai pfopi,
let lie true ly aVi ti l powerful support
i i &us ai ii.r' al j i- ni-aatiri's ea!ri!a e l
to pcrK;ua.e .hse, the iic!e pll i.ai
blessiii" which Heaven has ever bstowed
upon any na.ion.
Ilavin-' determined not to become a can-
tlidaie for re-eleciion, I shall have no mo-
iiveto influence myconduci i i admiaites-
iijihe governmn;, except the desire, ably
I A.! Vk.all .k f-- ni v iminl rr l iwl tu
Iv t,,e grateful memcry of my toun-
I ;rvmen. We have recently passed through
a Presidential contest in which the pass
ions f our fellow citizens were exened to
the highest degree by questions of deep
and vi al importance, but when the people
proclaimed their will, the tempest at once
subsided, and all was calm. The voice of
t l.o iuaj i i.y speaking in the manner per
se ibed by the Constitution was heard, and
i is a it subiiiission followed.
Our own country could alon- have ex-
.ibi ed so grand and striking a Rpectach
. f die capaci.y of man for self-government.
Wi.at a happy conception, then,
was i f-r Congress to apply this simple
j j.j tj e wjjj0f t,e n,nj ri:y shall gov-
e.nin the so tlemnt of the question of
j domes. ic slavery in the lern.oiie
'less la nei.iier to le laiaie iaer i.iioau
. . i i . .., ..
' Vrrt .rv or State, nor to exclude it there
, , tiercof prc.
i ' -o-to their do-
hues io instil itioiis in their own way, sub-
j jectouly to the Constitution of the United
I S a.es.
As a natural consequence, Congieis has
,.t.. nr....ilil tlt when 'he ieru.oryoi
..... t ii
Kansas sliall oe aJmitteo as a ouwe, it o.oi
; be leeeiwd Vlluj!i?aRfclnar Dicciib
.i ii;e lijne of ilieir admission.
A didereilt. onilMoll h:is nrwr in r.uror I
. ,. ,ui. r . , , " m. . "
l"c Jll,e W,MMI l,,e Pf''Tl0 of a lmtoiy
L',lti happily a matter of but li.tlt prac-
! ti:l imp . ia ie- a id besi les ii is a j i.li-
Uui iiiies i wnich le'i ima dv belon .s to
b..f wil1 J js ,
of thj Uni od S a es,
o j o
w iKndi.iir. and will.
i. is undersiood. be speediiv a id finally &e.-
t'.eil. To their descieion, ii common wii,
all good ci.izeus. 1 shall cheerfully sub
mil, whatever this may Lh, though ii has
myindivilu.il opinion that tri Je ihe Ne-
braska-Kansas act, li.e apiM.ip: ia e in-ii !
.... . , ' ' 1 1
j ,vl11 ,,u U,H'" number ..( acual icssden:s
! in th
i .... ...... i... 1 1 : . .. . i-
iew to i.s
j Hon of a C ns l. mi ni Wim a
! admission as a Suite i a.o the Union; hut be
a Ten i.ory free from all foreign influence
to decide their own destiny f,r themselves,
subject only to tl e Constitution of the U
ui ed S.tes.
The whole- teni.ori d question being thus
s-. ! 1 uj)n, the principle of popular sov-
j deign. y, a principle as ancient as free gov-
1 einment l self, everything of a prac.ical
' - ,,. . v. . 1 l i i i .
I ihk ii i- u';vnufi utfu nnu no oilier ques-
; 'i Ml remains for adjustment, because
arree lhat under the. ftinsthii'.Lm ulai-v
I in (he Sfo
. "'V I 'll v. IIIU It'llill 7I n II
,. ..,. ..
..um. 1. 1 power except mat ol iiio respective
Slates themselves wherein it exists. May
we nut then hpo that the long agitation on
this subject i nppror.ching its ond and that
the geographical parties to which it has giv
en birth, so much d leaded by the Father
try when the public mind shall be diverted
from this quefi.ion toothers of more press
ing and practical importance.
Throughout the whol progress of this
agitation which ha scarcely known any in
termission for moro than twenty years,
while it has been productir of no posi iv
good to any hnman being. It has been
the prolifiic source of great evil to the
master, to the slave and to the whol coun
try. It has alienated and estranged the
people of tha sistf r States from each other
and endangered the very existence of the
Union. Nor has the danger entirely ceaa
ed. Under our our system there is a rem
edy for all more political svil in tho sound
sense a id sob rj idgmsnt of tho people.
Ti ne is a great correction.
The poli ical subjects, which but a kw
j years ago excited and exasperated the pub
Ji0 mind, have passed away and are now
nearly forgotten. But this question of do-
; mestic slavery u of tar grea:er, import;
very n ol tar grea:er, importance
than any mere political ques.ion because,
siionld th agtLition couiinue, i: may event
ually endanger the personal safeiy of a
lar p..rim of our countrymtMi whwre the
is i u.io'i exis s. l:i that even' no form
"f government, hwever admis.sib'e ia i:
self however productive of na.iojial bene-ti-
can compens Ue for the loss of peace
anldoms.ic oci y around the fimiivi
l ar. L t very Uui n loving man ihere
f .e exeri. his bs i itlueure to suppress the
a'itiioii which, ice the recent leisla
tin f Ooiiress, is without anv IejAimaie
obj:c... I is an evil of the limns that
ni-.:i i.ave u.ider.aken to tMiCula.c the mvie
! iua.iial vailuo ofihe Union
Recent, est' ma. es have been prsen'ed of
the pecuriary profits and local advantages
whh-h would result to diifereut States and
ftecli nis from its dissolution; of the com
parative injmi-s which ftuch an event
would inflict on oUier States and sec ions;
even descending to this lov and narrow
view of the mighty question. All such
calculations are ai fault. The bare refer
ence to a single conM.lera ion will be con-
elusive on tins point. e at present en
joy a free tiado throtigotit our extensive
and expansive country, such as the world
never witnessed. This trade is conducted
on Railroads ani Canals, on the noble
rivers and arms of the hea which bind to
gether the North and the Suuih, the Pias
and thu West f our confederacy. Annihi
laie this trade, arrest i s free progiess by
geographical lines of jealousy and hostile
States, and you destroy the prospeii y and
on ward march of the whole and every
part, and involve all in one common ruin.
Rut such considerations, important as they
aie in themselves, tink into i.isi 'iiificance
when we reflect on the terrific evils which
would result from disunion to every porti.m
of the confederacy, to the North not more
than to the South, to the East not more
1 1 an to the West.
TheStf I shall no . nltmot to l.orfrne.
cause I feel an humble confidence that the
kind provi hnce which inspired our fith
eis wi.h wisd. - m' st peif-ct
w hi ot government and unio i ever devised
by man, wiJI not sutler it to pciudi until it
liall have Ixen percep ibly invtrumeiitnl
fy its example, in the extension of civil
and religious liberty throughout the
Next in importance to the maintainance
of ihe Cotis.itution and the Union, is the
ilu y ot preserving government free from
taint or even suspicion of corruption. Pub
lic virtue is the vi al spirit of Republi. s.
and lii-story proves when this has decayed,
and the love ef money has usurped its
place, although ihe power of her govern
ment may remain for a season, the sub
stance has departed forever.
Ou- pn-s.Mit financial condition is with
ou: a pai.dl. I in l is.oiy. No nation has
ever before been embarrassed from toj
large a surplus in it Treasury. This al
most necessarily gives birth to extrava
gant legislation. It produces wild schemes
of expend! ures. and begets a race of spec
ulators and jobbers whose iir-cuui:y is ex
eried in conniving and promoting expedi
ents li obtain the public money. Party
through its official agents whether li-ht
fully or wrongfully, is suspected, and the
diameter of the government suffers in tho
csiimation of tho people. This is in itself
a very great evil. The national mode of
rebel fiom embarrassment, is to appropri
a'o the surplus in the treasury to lTeat na
tional objects, for which a clear warrant
can be Lund in the constitution. Among
these I might mention tho extinguishment
of the national debt, a reasonable increase
of tho Navy, which is at present inadequate
to ihe protection to our vast tonnage afloat,
no greater than that of any other nation, as
well as tho defense of our extensive sea
It is beyond all question the true princi
ple that no moro rerenue ought to bo col
lected from the people, than the amount
necessary to defray the expenses of a wise
economical and efficient administration of
To reach this, it was necessary to resort
to a modification of the tariff, and this has
bfcti accomplished in such a manner as to
do as little injnry as may have been practi
cable to our domestic manufactures, es
pecially those necessary for the defense of
the country. Any discrimination against
a particular branch fir the purpose of ben
efitting favorite corporations, individuals,
or interests, would have been unjust to the
rest of the communny and inconsistent
wuh that spirit of fairness and equally
which ought to govern in tho adjustment
of revenue tariff.
But tho squandering of the public mon-
ley sinks into comparative insignificance
MAIRLCiHI 13, 157.
as a tempralion to corruption, when com
pared with the squandering of the Publie
No nation in the tide of timo has ever
been blessed with so ri-di and noblo an in
heritance as we enjoy in the Public Lands.
In administering this important trust whilsi
It may be wise to grant portions of them
for the improvement of the remainder, yet
we should nerer fjrget that it is our cardi
nal policy to reserve these lands as much
as may be fur actual settlors, and this at
moderate , tV W öi ''! thus not only
promote the prospcri.y of the new States
by furnishing them a hardy and indepen
dent race of honest and industrious citi
zens, but shall secure homes for- our chil
dren, and our children's children, as well
as those exiled from -foreign shores who
may seek to improve their condi. ion and to
enjoy the blessings of civil and religious
liberty. Such emigrants have done
much to promote the growth and prospeii
ty of the country. They have proved
fniiliful, both in peace and in war. Afer
becoming chizens, they are entitled under
the Coiisiiiu.iou and Laws to be placed on
a pe-fect equaluy with native-born citizens
and in ihischaracter they should ever kind -
The Federal Constitution is a grant from
the Slates to Congress of cer:aiu specific
powers, and the question whether this
i.. i.- - i
I grant shall be liberally and strictly con
. lrule1. ,ias mwe or leys divided poli.ical
parlies from the b"iunin. Without en
teting into the argument, I desire to state
at lh commencement of mv admiuistra
lion, that long expei ieure and observation
has convinced me that a strict construe. ion
of the power of government is thy onlv
true, as well as the oiily Sfe theory of the
Whenever , in our past history, doubt-
1 ul powers have been exercised by Con
gress, they have never faileu to produce in
jurious and unhappy consequences. Many
such instances might bo-jadduced if this
were the proper occasion, neither is it nec
essary for the public service to train the
lanuaire of the Constitution, because all
the great and useful powers required fir
the successful administration of the gov
ernment, lioth in reai'n tr in war, have
been granted, ei her in express terms or
by the plainest impih a ion. Wl.ile deep
ly convinced of the truth, I yet consider
j iv clear, that under the war-makinir Dower.
Congress may appropi ia:e money towards
the construe. iou of a military road, when
this is absolutely necessary for the defense
of any Sate or Terii:ory of the Union
against foreign invasion.
Under the Constitution Congress has
power to dvclaie war, to raise and support
armies, to provide and maintain a navy and
to call forih the miii ia to repel invasion.
Thus endowed in an ample manner with a
war-making power, the corresponding du
ty is required lhat the United States shall
protect each of the States against inva
sdon. How is it possible to afford this protec
tion to California, and our Pacific posses
sions, except by means of a military road
through territories of the United States,
over which men and munition? of war may
be transported from the Atlantic States to
meet and repel the invader. In case of a
war with a naval power stronger than our
own, we would have no other available ac
cess to the. Pacific coast, because such a
power would instantly close the route
across the Isthmus of Central America.
It is impossible to conceive it.
The constitution has expressly required
Congress to defend all tho Slates. It
should not deny I hem by any fair con
struction the only posiblo means by which
one of tho States can bo defended. Re
sides tho government, ever since its origin,
has been in tho constant practice of con
structing Militarv Roads.
It might also bo wiso to consider wheth
er the love for the Union which now ani
mates our fellow chitons on the Pacific
coast may not be impaired by neglect or
refusal to provide fir them in their remote
and isolated co adition, the only means by
which the power of the States on this side
of the ttocky Mountains can reach them
in sufficient timo to protect them against
invasion, l ioi bear lor the present from
eipressmg an opinion as to tho wisest and
most economical modo in which Govern
ment ran lend itsaiJ in accomplishing this
great and necessary work. I believe that
many difficulties in the way wh'ch appear
fornnJable, will, in a great degree vanish
as soon as tho nearest and best route shall
bo Bitisftctorally ascertained.
It may bo right that on this occas!on I
m.iitu wiiii uriei remarks as io our
rights i-rtd duties as a member of tho great
. i ; t . . .
I - fL . f 1 . .
111111 ui na.tona. in our intercourse with
them there are some plain principles ap
proved by our own experience from which
we should never depart. We ought to cul
tivate peace, commerce and friendship with
all nations and this not merely as the best
moans of promoting onr own material in
terest, but in a spirit of Christian btnevo-
lence toward our fellow men wherever their
lot may be cast. Our diplomacy should
be direct and frank, neither seeking to ob
tain more, nor accept less than is our due.
We ouht to cherish a sacred regard for
the independence of all nations, and never
attempt to interfere in the domes ic con
cerns of any unless this shall be impera
tively requiied by the great law of self
To avoid cntanjlinj alliances has been a
maxim of our policy ever since the days of
Washington, and its wisdom no one will
dispute. In short we ought to do jus
lice in a kindly spirit to all nadous. and re
quire justice from them in return. It is
our glory that while other nations have ex
tended their dominions by the sword, we
have never acquired any Territory except
by fair purchase, or as in the case of Tex
as, by the voluntary detormina ion of a
brave kindred. and independent people to
blend their destinies with our own. Even
our acquisitions from Mexico form no ex
ception. Unwilling to take advantage of
the fortune of war against a sister Repub
lic, wo purchase these posssessious undi
the treaty of peace for a sum which was
! considered at the time a fair equivalent
Our past history forbids that we shall in
the future acquire .erritory unless this be
sanctioned by the laws of justice and hon
or, acting on this principle, no nation will
have a right to interfere or to complain of
the progress of events. We shall still fur
ther extend our possessions.
Hitherto in all our acquis! Jons, the pao-
; p!e, under the protec io i of the American
flag, have enj iye I civil an 1 rfeligious liber -
ty, as well as equal an I jast laws, and
haveb.-e:i contented, prosperous and hap -
,m .1 -.1 -i ..i ,.
pv- i neir ira le wmi me rei oi ine worin
has rnpi Uy t:icr.-ased, and thus every com -
mercial na i n has shared largely in their
... . . -
I shall now procee 1
to take tha oith prescribed by tlm C is i
tu ion whilst humbly invoking the blessings
of Divine Providence on this great people.
Washington, March 4.
From the Locomotive.
On Fiiday, poli ics w.is the order of ihe
in was none Out wranirlinir
abul a decision of the Chair, ia tela i n
to the eleu. i ni ot S'a'e offieea. and di
cushions en Senator Wood's case.
On Saturday, the same old subject vras
resumed, and occupied the entire morning.
The proceedings were varied slightly by
the readiiiL' ot a niotent from the ToVmn-
i cratic Senators, ia th case of Woods.
Itt the afternoon no bill were passed, but
a number of resolutions were adopvd. and
bills introduced, and messages of Hous'.
Ou Monday, a motion was mnde in ihe
Senate to have ihe Farewell Address of
Washington read, and was proposed t
amend by adding ihe Lord's Prayer, and
Christ s Sermon on the Mount, but af.er
Home discussion, it was dferred until the
last day of tho session. A select commit
tee was appointed to investigate tho fees
and salary hf Gov. Wrighr. The persist
ent opposition of Gov. XV right to the nw
State Rank, is drawing d wn on him op -
position fiom all quarters. The hill to
provide for selecting petit jorors from bv
standei-s. was lost on its final pasage.
The bill to authorize the record of deeds,
with the transcripts, to be taken in evi
dence, was passed. The bill in relation to
the Sinking Fund, was discussed, and af
ter sme amendments, was referred to a
select committee. The bills to enable ihe
wives of insane persons lo convey real es
tate, and to preserve the purity of elections
On Tuesday, the Senats spent pirt of
me iii'imiiii- joiiuiuei mg me rduea'.ionai
hill, which was made the order of tho day
for Thursday, at 10 o'clock. A large num
ber of reports of committees were present
ed, and mostly concurred in. The Tem
perance bill was made the order of the day
for Wednesday. The following bills pass
ed on their third reading; To protect wild
game: To preserif.e punishment for care
less running of mil road trains over the
tracks of other roads: In relation to laying
out and varating strec's: To amend" the
swamp art law: To enable married women
whose husbands have absented themselves
t exercise the rights of resident house
holders: To enable S'a'e office re to com
promise 6tiit with individuals: preseiibing
the duties of State Agent; .and providing
for his !ection by the people. The 6alarv
bill of Judgrs and Governor failed a sec
ond time for wanr of a constitutional ma-
jority. I his was one of tho best working
days "X the session.
On Wednesday, in the Sen.V Dr. R.bbs
presented a petition from one thousand five
hundied mothers, wives and daughters of
mis ci:j', praying mat the present Tempe
rance iaw mar bo retained until a better is
enacted, and that the State will not be
come a party to he lujuor traffic through
ine license ayaiem, wnicn was presented
to the committee on Temperrnee. After
fevrral reports from committees had been
made, the same old subject politics oo
cupied the time until noon. A resolu ion
to direct the committee investiting the
charges of fraud in the passag. of the
State Bank Charter, to report their pro
eeeding a far as had, was the immediate
cause at this timo. The time was fixed cn
the Gth of March. The afternoon was oc
cupied wi:h the Temperane question, the
bill being di&cussed section by section,
wivhout final aclLu.
On Friday, af.er a number of reports
f orn comniiees were received, the bill for
ihe investment and safe keeping of the
Rank School Fund, was discussed at length
and recommitted with instructions. This
bill provides for thi distribution of this
fund, amounting to millions, to the coun
ties, for the benefit of common schools. In
the afternoon, thu bill re-rulatin the For
eigu Insurance Companies, passed af.er a
lengthy discussion. Also, bill to enable
persons owning swamp lands todiain them
aad for ihe rviiefof persons who have bor
rowed money fioiii th Sinking Fund.
On Saturday, the House, in committee
o i the whole, disctisaed the liquor law.
This provides lLr the licensing, by the
Board of County Commissioners, at prices
ran-ino; f:om tif v to five hundred dollars.
Several actions were passed but the House
adjourned for Want of a quorum. A num
ber ot reports weft maJe from Commit-
tees, and properly acted on, and reso'u- i
Hons and bills introduced. j cy will nave found ks way to the mint, and
lit the House, on Monday, no quorum! will reappear ia society with a fresh, hon
picsent uniil af.ernoou. The appor- est decimal face, as a faithful set vant, rath
tionment bill pissed, by a vote of bi to ! er h u as a soipv, tlippery sapper and
20. The liquor bill was before the coin-
mittee of the whole, who reputed progress
and presented the bill with amendments.
This bill grants license, at rate of from
35J to .ö'JJ, and although it was finally
acted on, there is little do
mbt but it will '
pass the House.
In the House, on Tuesday, Mr. Rlake
reported a bill changing the Constitution to
provide for annual bessions of the legisla
ture, and argued its passage, but i. was
indefinitely postponed by a large majority.
The b'll to prohibit the issue of unauthor
ized bank paper, was amended to as to
make the issuing, or failure to redeem hills
of ihischaracter a misdemeanor, and pie-
j;,ciioing ihe punisument, was ordered to
i be engrossed, after a long discussion. T.Me
! uil1 to amend the Rank law, and to pr.. iJe
i for five addi.ioual branches, was coasi lei-
. . e .... . ....
I I . I r..r ! wl It I .clriw. I nc I I ..
Ui Uli lt. 111.11 lll.lit Ul II nie .
' jv pis,..j vv.u to provi le for the se-
citri v of fa ids in ilei hands of the Aent
of S.a c. T..e Towusaip bill, and the liq-
uor bill, were both under discussion, but
no definite action taken on either.
In the House, on Wednesday, final action
was not taken on anr bill. In the inornin-'
the time was mainly occupied on a bill al
lowing railroad companies to change their
lines, and a j int res dutioa t legalize Cal
umet dam. in the State of Illinois. The
entiio af.eruooii was spent on the '1
ei.tiio af.eruooii was spent on the Tempe-
lance bill, which was final I v ordered to b-.
A Sheep Shearing Machine.
' ..; : , r i. i-
... wi u:iii-i(I nati laveiiied ;i mi-
chl.e for shearing sheep. Tin idea first
struck us as a veiy novel one, for we could
not picture lo our imagination how a ma
chine colli 1 be invented lhat could success
fully cut the wxd from a live sheep. Rut
in attending tho fall fairs we had an oppor
luni y of seeing the thing itself in full and
uccessful opera. ion, when all ouruuagin
ed difliculties vanished. The machine and
tie manner of using it was comparatively
as Mmj le as the common shears.
Rut in order :o b j more fully ii.f jrmed
as l i s adva itages when applied lo ex-
i . . .
; tensive snomng, we, a week or two since.
wrote io a friend in Michigan io give us
some facts on the subject, in n'piv we
are informed lhat with it one man can
shear one hundred sheep in a day, and
had the operator nothing to do but to
shear, iwo hundred could ba sheared ia
The Editor of ihe Michigan Farmer.
I "I do not hesita.e to pronounce it o ie of
me iiiosi- us 'iui ia vcu . ions oi mis a.e.
The rapidity and nca.nees iih which it
do.s i.s work, must eifecta universal intro-
dmtio'i of this machine for general shear -
ing. The days of old shears may b' coa-
idered numbered. Kvery firmer w ho has
5) sheep sh uld have one. Af.er repeated
and close examination I cannot discover
how it can, when well made, ever ret seri-'
..... . .
ouily out ot order, and 1 brieve one will
last a life time, and perhaps longer, wit i
In order to uivc the reader an I let of
the character and appeaianco of the mv!
chine; we will state lhat it has a 6triki ar
. ... " - i "
resemblance to a mowing machino of the
present day, but in miniature. Tho cul
ling blades are small and precisely on the j
p i.i ii oi laiuoiiii 9 iiio i.ig inac nmt oiaaes.
In using this machine it is strapped lo
the arm or shoulder of tho operator, the
..i r r ...!.. : . i .ii. i -7
cutters are then placed upon tho body of
the sheep, and tho handle is grasped by
ihn right hand and moved back and forth.
when a continuous rotary movement is!
communicated to a spur whed which i ?rs
int i a small pinion and gives mo:i n to ihe
blades. When we saw it m operati n, w
noticed that ihe sheaiing was neatly as
close and smooth as the ahearing is in
dressing broadcloth in the faetery. so that
a great saving of wtwd is effected. Such
is the arrangement of the blades that it is
impossible to cut the skin of tho sheep, so
that it is likely to prove an instrument of
humanity as well as economy
Rov. Mr. Duff remark:
"I am prepared from experience to say,
that in nino cases out of tea, the hoards of
accumulated money given to child en, by
whom they were never earned, prove in
point of fact, rather a curse than a blesting.
I am d epaicJ lo substantiate that as a mat
ter of fact, not merely from my own knowl
edge ou the subject, but from the state
ment of men who havo been of watchful
and observant habits, cultivated .not
in Great Britain, but in America. Vet it
is melancholy, that so little do parents know
of the mass of miaery they are ac-umula-ting
for their children in heaping up these
hoards for them, as little do they thiuk how
bi with misery these hssrdt? are." 1
(WMOILE NO. 7.
Tha war on Spanish quarters, Shillings,
is now raging with unabated fury, and ev
ery luckless peison who happens to be
caught in want of a drink or omnibus ride,
or any other small thing, that is to be got
with small change, puts his hand in his
pocket and advances to a counter, or tv
wards an omnibus man's fingers, with a
feeling of apprehension or diflidence vei
much akin to that tlt by a man about to
perpetrate some unlawful act. The trutn
is, the game of the old currency is up, the
popular verdict has sanctioned the w
against these financial shreds and pitches,
and they must at once. sink their smooth
pretention? and go iiigloiioiisly out at five,
ten, and twenty cents, and no'thirig more.
Everybody seems agreed upon the subject,
and tliis liuid ihe ivl-um cannot miss fire.
It may fill wi.h a little edge for once or
twice, upon some uufjrtuua e fellow who
gus a dollar or two in his possession, but
tne loss need fill only once, for, pm on
guard, the sutl'cier thrts burnt will never
take a Spanish pi elender to financial sufH-
In a month from to.dav
thousands of dollars of this ragged curren-
miner of the pocket. Porter' Spirit of
XZT A Recipe Wor.nt One Thousand
Dollar. lake on j pound of sai soda and
half a pound of un&iacked lime, put the:
ititO a gallon of water and boil twenty min
u.es, lei it stand till cooi, tl.on dram oil.
and put it in a stone jug or jar. Soak
your dirty dlothes over night or until they
are well wet through, then wring them out
and rub on plenty of soap, and to one'
boiler of clothes well covered over with
water, add one tea-spoonful of the wash-ing-lluid.
Roil half an hour briskly, then
wash them thoroughly through vim' suds,
a d rinse well thsough water, and your
cloth'-s wid look better than the old way
of xvashliig twi.-e Lef i bjiiin", il.is is an
inv.tiaaui.j recipe, ana l uo wan: every
.:.. i (ll i ,i :, i. .;.7.
I ' OI II I eO VS Ml t ti IO I ! II. 1 It. llllC tVlLil
j -t p:i:eut wash tub to do the little rubbing,
i t.'.e washwman iniglit lake the last lioTei;
i :u,a compost hermit on the lounge, ard let
i washing do itself. The Woman w ho
i A keep a secret has know n ihis a year or
' but her husband told it while on an
i 'dec i -neeiing tour. So says the Ohb
Z-iTHow Wind Produces Cold.
Wind produces cold in sevral ways. The
nCb Vlülowl,,ö' P-- the decent upon and
j ... n'j.eii o . vi ii. u v.u tu oi coiuer air, to occu
py the room of that which it displaces.
il also inc.ea-es the euiporation of mois
turh from the earth, and this conveys
. atvay considerable he.it. This incrcasoJ
evad ra:ln, and the mixture of wnrm and
cold air usu.q'y produces a on densati r
of vap.r in tne atmophere; henco thtj
formation f clud, and the consequent
detention of the heat brought by the ray of
the sun. And whenever the air ia motion
is colder than the earth, or any bodies
with which tt comes in contac t, a portion
of iheir heat is impart' J to the air.
2TMiraoe. Tho Kingston W'hi
j says: "On Tuesday last ihe "attention oi
! parties was directed to th! stran-e aspect
I raA-.', as from i sfoimlm-it ui
; ning aoove tju. iioriuon. and the wl ol
outline of tho Ameiican shore was viih!e
with the naked eye. Uy the aid of th tel
escope the w.M.ds. farms and houses wi.h
smAe ascending f.oni ihvm' a!,d t)5 rr..
tire outline of the shonj was dis.iaejjy yj;,.
ible. The reflation lasted fjr unw.ir.U .J
u noiir. a ' one i clock
! ti' was called to it by Mr. Booh 1 f.
" ' owe O CJOCIwVlie!l llllrillun
'Surveyor, tho vi;v from the top Morv of
, 'Mr Su;herlri I's new huildia was vejy
( 11 ne ngn;-nous on tne Ameiican
s!ire c uld b distinctly ceen with the
j w'ave-lishi ig i.s bige.
XiTThs ivp.n l of the Tivasuie'r of S.a'o
j exhibits the same figures, i i a general
' s a'emu, i i icft-reace to the rereip s and
expi-nditaies of the revenue of Indiana as
exhibited ia the r-po.t of the Audiuir -f
t I y. .
c a e. it 1 in a more condensed r -rni than
the tie. ailed sta ement con.ai:ied ra th Au
ditor's Report, and more convention, oa
tj . . i.:.:.. ..... i. if
l;t account, f.r reteume.
Th total loventie of the State for IC16,
inclu li'-g the balance on hand from 1255,
was S7.tG3.7ll 1 I.
l)edirctingtheexp?ntli,u:es for lf5G an 1
halanco remains in the Treasury of 6524,
The biianc't on hand from the expend i
resoflC55. was 3 IGQ,224 15. ai.
A free negro died ia Washington, leav
in coiifeidcrablrt real cs:a!e, and a wife and
chilerea 1 ives in Virginia; as slaves iher
could nt inherit, and the. property vested
in the United Sta:es for want f lo
A bill has passed the Houm? T Rej r -ienta-lives,
relinquishingtl.e property to tl a w f i
and children on condition that 'iheir master
manumit lham, which he is willing to do
if the property can bo secuicd for the:r fu.
lure supp'Mt. The bill passed almost
unanimously in the House, and will meet
with no oppositien in the Senate. It is t-'
firft slavery bill that ever united tne suj
port of all parties in Congress.
The idle are a very heavy tax upon the
industrious, when by frivolous vKitajons
thy rob the on of their lime. Such persons
neg men aauy rapptness iromdoor to door
at boggart da their daily bread, and like
tljem sometimes meet with a rebuff. A
moro gossip ought not wo dar if weeyinee
sign iht we aro lired of him. seeing that
we indebted for the honor of hU visit o3e.
ly to the circumstances f ku being tir-J
of himself. He. sits at, hca?e uatil he has
accumulated an insupportable load of en
nui, and then sallies f.iftb lo distribute it
among his acquaiafanoe.'
Th- ' 1 rjsa m 0H 11 5 rears old.
xml | txt