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PLYMOUTH WEEKLY DEMOCRAT.
VOLUME XIV. PLYMOUTH, INDIANA, THURSDAY, JULY 29, 1809. NUMBER 47. floctm BY AND BY. Bt and by ! We My it softly. Thinking of a tender hope, Stirring alway in onr bosom. Where so many longings grope. By and bv ! Oh loye shall greet m Id a time that is to come. And tht fears that now defeat n l Then shall all be etrick?n duu. b ! By and by ! The mournful sorrows Clouding o'er oar sky to-day. Shall be gone in glad to-morrows Shall be banished quite away ! By and by ! We say it gently. Looking on our silent dead. And we do not think of earth-life, But of Heaven's eet life instead. By and by ' We look in yearning Toward the : arbor of the blest. And we see the beacons burn:ng In the ports of perfect res'.. By and by ! Oar ship sbail anchor. If the tide and wind run fair, .Someday in the port of Heaven, Where our lost and loved ones are. By and by 1 Oh say it softly. Thinking not of earth and care, JBnt the by amd by of Heaven, Waitin for us over there ! One a Month. Selccieb JttiBccllmtp. PETER CRISP'S SPECTACLES. Peter Crtisp had something the matter with his eyes : he needed spectacles to help him to see. Bat this was no uncom mon misfortune ; hundreds of people, who do ten pood hours' work every day of their lives, use glasses and cannot get along without them. No; the chief trouble in Peter's case was not in wanting glasses .- it was in the particular sort of glasses that he used. He had several pairs, which he always kept on hand, no body knew exactly where : they seemed to be hidden somewhere about the head of his bed, for he often got them on before he was up in the morning. One pair was what I should call smoked glioses, such as persons use in looking at the tun : they do very well for that pur pose, preventing the bright rays from hurting the eyes. But Peter did not put them on to look at the sun with : he looked jj. everything through them. And a this Tirade ever thing look dark and ugty, he wj made to feel accordingly. AT could iron these collars better my self t " he exclaimed one morning as he was dre'siDgt after getting up with those glafies on. And a few minutes later, " Not a pin in cushion as usual ; and presently again, " Who A taken my comb and brush " lid any of the children chanced to come into the room about that time, it would have been woi'SC for them. When he sat down to breakfast there was a deep wrinkle between his eyes, caused by the weight of the glasses upon his brow. That Polly Ann never did make a good cup of coffee in her life," he remarked. My dear," turning to his wJfe, " I do wish you would take the trouble to go down once just once, only once and show her how." Mrs. Crisp ventured to say in a low voice that she went down every morning. IVter had no reply to make to thU, but he puckered his 'ips as if he had been taking quinint , frowned yet more severely and pushed the cup away from him After his cheerful breakfast he put on his hat to go to the store, bat turned back from the front door and came to the foot of the stairs, where he stood calling out in a loud voice that he really felt ashamed of the black around the door-knob and bell handle. In the street a few momenta afterward, a gentkauan joined him, to whom he was as pleasant as possible. But when he got into the counting-room, it was plain he had the smoked glasses on still. Not one person about the concern worked as he should do, fae said none of them were worth a cent. It used to be different when he was a boy. Then he went out with a look of general disgust its soon as he was gone the bookkeeper j wraa cr ss to me ciera, ami me ciers i .1 ii i a. i s i wütided the boy, and the boy wentont and abased the porter. A few mornings after that, Peter had on what might be called his blue glasses. He was in a milder frame, but low in spirits. He was sorry to see the chamber carpet wearing out, for he did not know where another would come from. At breakfast .be watched all the children taking butter, sind took scarcely any himself. He Verged Mrs. Crisp to put I es sugar tfl his c. oftae. The frown was gone from his fce, bUt a most dejected look had come in its place. Spying a hole in the toe of his boy's ooe ne took a long breatn, and hearing ttu' dressmaker was engaged a day next week fr his daughters, he sighed aloud. Walking down the street, he looked as . f h2 had lt a near relative, and at the stor i H day he felt like one on the eve of break ing - He had one mre pair of g'aases, the color of which c n.'d .never be distinctly made out : they seamed ois of mud colo than anything else. He did not wear them often as either of t. others, but when he dAd they had a very t'gulr effect. It was thought by many that hey befogged him, rather than helped him se for after putting them on of a morning he would get np and dress hardly speaking a word. At breakfast he would say nothing, and not seem to want anybody elw to ; consequently the whole t'-tmily would sit a nd munch in silence; then he would rise fro m the table and walk out of the front dooi as if he was dumb ; and although it was a relief when he had gone and made matten something better, still a chilling influence remained behind him the whole norning. Peter h ad been wearing these glasses a good man 7 year, when it occurred to him one day that things never looked very cheerful in U is eyes, that he was never very happy, act? that perhaps his specta clea had something 10 üo with it. " I wish I could gPt another and a bet ter nair." said he. Then he remembered that his neighbor, Sa.rauel Beabright, had w w to wtar glasses also, out he always ap peared to see well and to have a pleasant face on. Meeting him the next morning, he said, Neighbor, if it is not making too free, may I ak wlere you get your spectacle- " "Certainly," replied Samuel. "I im flad to tell you. They are good ones, and wish every man with poor eyes had a pair.like them." 41 1 would be willing to pay a good price for a pair," said Peter. 14 That is not needful," replied Samuel 44 they are the cheapest glaaaea you can get." 44 Pray tell me where I can find them," and Peter. 44 1 got mine," said Samuel, 44 by the help of a certain Physician whose house you pass every day : and if you are truly anxious to get them, I know he will tell you how you can get a pair for the ask ing." I don't want them in charity," replied Peter. " Then you cannot have them," said Samuel. M Well," replied Peter, in a humbler voice, 44 I'll take them for nothing, or I'll pay a big price for them, for I want them above all things." 44 Ah," said Samuel, 41 that sounds more like getting them Tou go to him and tell him how you feel, and he will attend to your case." Then Peter did as he was told. The Doctor looked at his eyes, and said that the disease in them was one which kept him from seeing the good in things about him : all he could see was the evil. 44 And those glasses you have been wear ing," he continued, 44 have only made them worse, till there is a danger of your get ting beyond cure." 44 And is there no hope for me ?" asked Peter. 44 Oh yes," replied the Doctor, 44 if you will follow the directions," 44 1 will do so," said Peter. "In the first place, then," he continued, " you must wear those glasses no more. Throw them away or put them in the tire, so that you will never see them again." 44 1 promise to do so," replied Peter. 44 In the next place, when you are given a new pair," continued the Doctor, 44 you must always walk in the way which they show you to be right." I will try not to depart from it," said Peter. At this there came an invisible hand that took off his old smoked glasses and put on new ones, made of pure crystal, which let the light through just as it came down from the sky. Rut oh what a change they made to Peter ! He went home, and as soon as he entered the door his house seemed tike another place to him : it seemed filled with blessings. 44 Is it possible," he exclaimed, 44 that those glasses have kept me from seeing all these before ?" The next morning when he got up he told his wife what had befallen him and how he felt in consequence. 44 But," said she, with a loving smile, 44 how about those badly-ironed collars and the pins and the weak coffee ?" 44 Oh," he cried, 44 how could I ever let such trifles trouble me ?" 44 And then," she continued, 44herc is the carpet wearing out, and the boys' shoes and the girls dresses. 44 As for them," he said, 44 we will hope But pres- to get more when they are gone, even if we should not have half our ent comforts and indulgences, with you, my dearest, and our precious children, about me, I trust I may feel too rich ever again to utter one complaining word." So the sunshine came into Peter Crisp's house, and he and all his family led a sappier life because of his new glasses, w.iich were a thankful heart. Lippin cotVs Magazine. ECLIPSES. BY T. D. 8AFFORD, (DIRECTOR OF THE DEARBORN OBSERVATORY, CHICAGO). From time to time it is noticed that the sun and moon are partially or totally eclipsed ; that is to say, in the sun's case, a portion or the whole of that luminary, as we usually see it, is hidden by a round, dark body, now well known to be the moon ; and in case the moon is eclipsed, a dark shadow appears to cross its disc. We know by observation that when the moon is eclipsed it is always full moon ; that the earth is interposed between the sun and the moon, and that it is the earth's shadow which produces the eclipse. Again, when the sun is eclipsed it is always new moon ; and we always see the slight lunar crescent called the new moon a day or two afterwards. But not at every full or new moon does an eclipse take place only at certain seasons of this kind, when the sun, eart h and moon are unusually near the same ti rwrT iino t tr i i nn aim unn yy isn rko a r . -" -y parently in conjunction, that is, in the same region of the Heaven's, but at the same time one appears so far above the other that they escape appearing to touch, there will be no eclipse. And in the same way, if the moon at its full does not pass exactly through the earth's shadow, it may pass over or under it, and so escape an eclipse entirely. Before going any further, it may be well to state that a so-called total eclipse of the moon does not cause the moon to disap pear entirely ; but that even then she still shines with a dusky light. More of this further on. There are three kinds of eclipses of the sun partial, the commonest kind ; total, the surest j and a third kind, annular, neither partial nor total, strictly speaking The reason of this third kind we must think about for a moment. We all know very well that the sun and moon appear to us very much of the same size: but they are very different in mag nitude. The sun is much larger, and about as much further off; so that, us a pane of glass in my room appears nearly as large as a great building at a half-mile distance, so the sun and moon appear rela tively of the same size. But if I go nearer ie window, I shall see the pane larger prop 'rtionably than the building ; and vie versa if I ft away from the window, if, then we 'ace the moon at such a dis tance from us, And in such a place, that it win appear just to cover the whole sun, and then approacn nearer, the moon will appear to grow larger faster than the sun does, and a total eclipse will take place On the other hand, if we go further from the moon, it will grow (to us) smaller, and will not cover tL whole sun, but leave a ring of light outside. And just the same thing happens in nature, when the centres of the sun and moon appear just in the same place to us ; that is, when the eclipse is 44 central," as astronomers call it. The moon is in this case sometimes so near as entirely to cover the sun, sometimes so fnr as to leave a ring of light around itself; the eclipse in the first case is railed total, in the second case annular or, as the Ger mans say, ringformed. When do the eclipses of the sun take place? that is, how can we predict them ? To do this thoroughly and with extreme accuracy, requires the tables of the sun's and moon's motions, and a great deal of calculation. Large volumes are devoted to the purpose of telling exactly at what point in the heavens the sun and moon will be at any future instant, and do so with such accuracy that we can not fbf many years fail by one minute of time in predicting when any eclipse will take place ; and when even this degree of ac curacy is reached, corrections will be made from the results of the daily and nigbtlv observations now making in all civilized countries. But it is comparatively easy to predict when an eclipse will take place with some approximation to the truth, and by two considerations: First, there are two days in every year near which a new or full moon is likely to bring an eclipse. For this year, thes dates are February 5th and July 30th ; and so we find by the more refined calculation, that there are eclipses of the moon on January 27th and July 23 1, both these dates being fuV moons; and of the sun February 1 Uh and August 7 th, both these dates being new moons. Again, every eclips is followed by a somewhat similar eclipse visible, how ever, in a very different part of the earth at an interval of eighteen years, ten days and a fraction ; so that the eclipse which took place in the forenoon of July 28th, 1851, will be followed by one in the afternoon of August 7th, 1869. But this eclipse of 1851 was only partial in the United States, and total in a small part of North America, and through a small belt of country in Europe ; that of 1869 will be total only in a narrow belt in Northern Asia and North America a belt which passes through Illinois, as will be men tioned by and by. Between these two eclipses, July, 1851, and August, 1869, there have been ob served about seventy others ; and it is calculated that of these seventy, forty-one have been of the sun and twenty-nine of the moon ; and each one of them, except perhaps some of the smaller ones, will have its corresponding eclipse in about eighteen years and ten days after its own date. Some one will here say that eclipses of the moon are not rarer than those of the s tn; but, on the contrary, much com moner. On looking one moment at the subject, we see the fallacy of this. Eclipses of the moon can be seen every where in that half of the earth for which the moon is up at the time of the occur rence, but eclipses of the sun are only visi ble through a smaller space of country. Th e srreat eclipse of this year has its centre in Alaska : it does not extend much south of the equator, nor a great way into Asia; it is in some degree visible over the whole of North America, and a little way into the Atlantic Ocean ; and covers about one fifth of the earth's surface with the va rious boundary lines of Its visibility. And when we come to look at the extent of total eclipse, we see that it ex tends over a belt of country about one hundred and sixty miles wide, beginning in Siberia, thence passing through Alaska, some of the late Hudsons Bay territories, a part of Dacotah, most of Iowa, a large part of Illinois, In liana aud Kentucky, part of Tennessee, most of North Carolina, and a little of Northern Nebraska, Min nesota, South Carolina and Virginia. This belt of totality just escapes the following important places: Chicago, St. Louis, Cin cinnati, Indianapolis and Omaha; anc any one will find that a belt one hundred and sixty miles wide, passing between Chicago and St. Louis, and avoiding Omaha on the south and Cincinnati on the north, must pass about in the direction above indicated by the States mentioned above. And you can represent, in a rough way, the course of the shadow t hat is, of the total portion of the eclipse by cutting out a slip of paper of the width of the representative of one hundred and sixty miles on any map of the United States, and long enough to reach from the map position of Beau fort, N C , to that of Fort Union, Dacotah. Place this strip so that the centre of one end shall be near Cape Lookout, and the edge shall just lap over Hock Island and avoid Omaha. The path of the eclipse, however, is somewhat curved, and the maps themselves distort the shape of the i rt h, so that you will not find such a strip, made straight, to give more than a very rough idea of the shadow's course. On the map which I use, for instance, Cin cinnati and Indianapolis would be thus included, and St. Louis be left too far to the south. The phenomena attending eclipses are quite familiar to those who notice such phenomena, and in general are these: The earth's shadow is seen at the predicted time to enter upon the moon, first as a small circular arc, growing wider and wider, and often of a pea-green tint, until, when the eclipse is a large one, it is suc ceeded by a deep copper hue, finally over spreading a great part or the whole of the moon. After this we can see. with a good telescope, not only the general outlines of the lunar disc, but also special feature?, such as the ranges of mountains, the cir cular valleys so familiar to telescopic ob servation, aud the great plains called by the old astronomers 44 seas." After a while perhaps an hour or two the to tality ceases, and the partial eclipse recurs and goes off in the inverse order of phe nomena. The most striking thing about such an eclipse is the deep coppery hue of the moon's surface. Partial eclipses of the sun are more exact phenomena for observation ; the indentation which is seen is produced by the body of the moon itself, and we some times see the jagged prominences of the lunar mountains This, too, '.s to be no ted : that every solar eclipse appears at dihVrent magnitudes for different places, because an observer at one point can see further around the intervening obstacle of the moon's difec thaa at another ; and, as will be nferred from what was before ssid, the f -me eclipse may be partial at one place and total at another. Partial eclipses ot the sun yield in im portance to annular. In the latter, four phenomena are to be noticed i first, the beginning of the partial eclipse or indenta tion of th-. sun'sdisc; next, ti e beginning of the anuular eclipse namely, the f fili ation of the ring, where the iuoon is first seen completely within the sun, and its breaking up as the moon rurosses the boundary of brilliant light: and finally the end of even partial eclipse. The an nular phenomena are much more accu rately observable than those of a partial eclipse ; and the formation and breaking up of the ring are sometimes accompanied with what are called 44 Baily's beads." The rim of light between the moon's edge and that of the sun is, when very narrow, broken up into points partially discon nected, hke a string of heads. It is sup posed that the jagged points of the lunar mountains OMM this appearance. But a total eclipse of the sun surpasses in sublimity, as well as interest, all other astronomical phenomena whatever. Dur ing a space of time never ever exceeding eight minutes, we observe the passage from a sunlight to a darkness almost like that of night, and back again. The sky, as the partial eclipse grows larger and larger, changes its tints to various hues, described sometimes as livid, but mingled with orange yellow, or purple, ometimes much before the beginning of the total eclipse proper. The moon advances slowly over the Hilar disc, covering more and more of it with it blackness, and making more and more obscure surrounding objects, till, when the last gleam of sunlight is about to pass away, the observer sees the moon and what remains of the sun surrounded by a bright carona or glory, such as surrounds the heads of the Lord and the saints in re- ligious pictures. When the sunlight total ly disappears, nothing is left to enlighten objects abound, save the scattered rays of 1 Vi l a. 1 tf mi . Lwnigni anu me coron liseu. mis glory is intersected here and there with flashing rays, extending often to considerable dis tances from the sun, and has been itself seen nearly as broad as the sun's diameter. When the corona gives the light by which obj cts are seen, they naturally appear very differently from what we see in daylight, or even at night. The sharpness and black ness of distant hills have often been no ticed. Besides this corona, the 44 protuber ances " of a rosy color and irregular shape are a very marked feature. These are cloud-like masses seen projecting beyond the dark edge of the moon, are not gen erally visible without telescopes, and have long been, as well as the corona, mysteri ous in their origin. But it is now made certain by the spectroscope that they are gaseous in nature; it was found out by photographing them that they were con-nc-c ed with the sun, and that as the moon passed over them it hid them by degrees. If they were phenomena of the lunar at mosphere they would move with the moon itself, which they do not do. All these phenomena can only be ob served by great concentration of effort, and by division of labor. When the time of observation of the most important ex tends only from two to eight minutes, il is plain that much expedition is necessa ry. In caie of the eclipse of the present year, the duration is about three minutes near the central line. In past ages the fate of a battle or an assault has turned upon a total eclipse of the sun. Xenophon tells us that the town of Larissa was taken on account of the fright of the inhabitants when the sun was covered by a cloud. This circum stance, casually mentioned in the Anaba tii (Book III., section iv.), has enabled as tronomers to make certain that a total eclipse took place then aud there, and has even been of use in correcting the lunar tables. Other eclipses of note in history were those predicted by Thaies, B85 B. C ; that connected with the expedition of Agathocles against Carthage, B.C. 310; and an eclipse which helped decide the battle of Stikla9tad, in the Scandinavian annals. Columbus is said to have KÄSE. S&Ä ffi lÄCr his longitude, and so the distance of ! America from Kurope. In modern tiuiesN we have often heard of the panic terror of ; ignorant populations ; and there are even j stories that in the eclipse of 1800, persons ; here and there thought the Judgment Day was coming. Western MontMy for An- 1 gust. Simon Short's Son, Samuel. The following literary curiosity was constructed for the last number of the Aspirant, the reading of which formed a part of the closing exercises of the Con cord, N. H , High School. The writer is Miss Ida Bennett : Shrewd Simon Short sewed shoes . Seventeen summers, speeding storms, spreading sunshine successively saw Si mon's small, shabby shop still standing staunch, saw Simon's self-same squeaking sign still swinging, silently specifying ; 44 Simon Short, Smithfleld's sole surviving shoemaker. Shoes sewed, soled super finely." Simon's spry, sedulous spouse, Sally Short, sewed skirts, stitched sheets, stuffed sofas. Simon's six stout, sturdy sons Seth, Samuel, Stephen, Saul, Silas, Shadrach sold sundries. Sober Seth sold sugar, starch, spices ; simple Sam sold saddles, stirrups, screws; sagacious Stephen sold silks, satins, shawls ; skepti cal Saul sold silver palvers ; selfish Shad rach sold salves, shoe strings, soap, saws, skates ; slack Silas sold Sally Short's stuffed sofas. Some seven summers since, Simon's second son Samuel s"w Sophia Sophronia Spriggs somewhere. Sweet sensible, smart Sophia Sopronia Spriggs. Sam soon showed strange symptoms. Sam seldom stayed, storing, selling saddles. Sam sighed sorrowfully, sought Sophia Sophro- ! nia's society, sung several serenades slyly. Simon stormed, scolded severely, said Sam seemed so silly singing such shame ful, senseless songs. " Strange, Sam should slight such splendid spies ! Strut ting spendthrift! shattered -brained sim pleton ! " 44 Softly, softly, sire." said Sally. 44 Sam's smitten ; Sam's spied some sweet-heart." 44 Sentimental school boy !" snarled Si mon. 44 Smitten ! Stop such stuff " Si mon sentSa'iy's suutf-box spioniug, seized Sally's scissors, smashed Sally's spectacles, scattering several spools. "Sneaking ! scoundrel ! Sam's hocking silliness shall j surcease!" Scowling, Simon stopped speaking, starting swifllv shopward. Sally sighed sadly. Summoning Sam, she spoke sweet sympathy. 44 Sam,'r said she, 44 sire seems singularly snappy ; so, sonny, stop ."trolling streets, stop smoking segars, spending specie superfluously, stop sprue ing so, stop singing sercnadet, stop short ! Sell Baddies, sell saddles sensible; see Sophia Sophronia Spriggs soon she's sprightly, she's stable, ho solicit, sue, secure Sopbia speedily, Sam." 4 S ) soon ? so soon f said Sam, stand ing stock still. 44 4 So soon, surely," said Sally, smiling ly ; 44 specially since sire shows such spirits." 44 So, Sam, somewhat scared, sauntered slowly, shaking stupendously. Sam soliloquises; Sophia Sophronia Spriggs, Spriggs Short Sophia Sophronia Short Samuel Short's spouse sounds splen did ! Suppose she should say She ! she shan't she shan't !" Soon Sam spied Sophia starching shirts, singingly softly. Seeing Sam, she stopped starching, saluting Sam smilingly. Sm stammered shockingly. 44 Spl-spl-splendid summer season, So phia. 44 Somewhat sultry," suggested Sophia. 44Sar sariin, Sophia," said Sam. (Si lenre seventeen seconds.) "Selling saddles st'll, Sam y" 44 Sar-sar tin," said Sara, starting sud denly. 44 Season's somewhat sudorific," said Sam stealthily, staunching streaming sweat, shaking sensibly. 44 8artin," said Sophia, smiling sign'fi cantly. 4 Sip some sweet shurbert, Sam." (Silence sixty seconds ) 44 Sire shot sixty shelldrakes, Saturday," said Sophia. 44 Sixty V shon said Sam. (Silence seventy-seven seconds.) 44 See sister Susan's sunflowers," said Sophia socially, silencing such stiff si lence. Sophia's sprightly sauciness stimulated Sam strangely; so Sam suddenly spoke sentimentally; 44 Sophia, Susan's sun flowers seem saying, 4 Samuel Short, Su san Sophronia Spriggs, stroll serenely, seek some sequestered spot, some sylvan shade. Sparkling sorinzs shall sine soul stirring strains; sweet songsters shall si lence secret sighings : super-angelic sylphs shall "Sophia snickered ; so Sam stop- . peu 44 Sophia," said Sam solemnly. "Sam, said Sophia. "Sophia, stop smiling. Sam Short's sincere. Sam's seeking some sweet spouse, Sophia.4' Sophia stood silent. 44 Speak, Sophia, speak ! such suspense speculates sorrow." u Seek sire, Sam, seek sire." So Sam sought sire Spriggs, sire Spriggs !H Uai-tin " said Personal Habits of the Siamese Twins. BV MARK TWAIN. I do not wish to write of the personal habit of these strange creatures solely, but also of certain curious details of va rious kinds concerning them, which, be longing only to their private life, have never crept into print. Knowing the Twins intimately, I feel that I am pecu liarly well qualified for the task I have taken upon myself. The Siamese Twins are naturally tender and affectionate in disposition, and have clung to each other with singular fidelity throughout a long and eventful life. Eveu as children they were inseparable com panions ; and it was noticed that they al ways seemed to prefer each other's society to that of any other person's. They nearly always played together ; and, so accus tomed was their mother to this peculiarity, that, whenever both of them chanced t be lost, uhe usually only hunted for one of them satisfied that when she found that one she would find his brother some where in the immediate neighborhood And yet these creatures were ignorant and unlettered barbarians themselves and the offspring of barbarians, who knew not the light of philosophy and science. What a withering rebuke is this to our boasted civilization, with its quarrelings, its wranglings, and its separations of brothers ! As men, the Twins have not always lived in perfect accord ; but, still, there has always been a bond between them wnicn maae tnem unwining to go away lrom each other and dwell apart. I hey . d a. S .... 9 ' h "ever failed to even sleep together on any night since they were born. How surely do the habits of a lifetime become second nature to us ! The Twins always go to bed at the smie time ; but Chang usually gets up an hour before his brother. By an understanding be tween themselves, Chang does all the in door work and Eng runs all the errands. This is because Eng likes to go out , Chang's habits are sedentary. However, Chang always goes along. Eng i9 a Baptist, but Chang is a Roman Catholic ; still, to please his brother, Chang consent ed to be baptized at the same time that Eng was, on condition that it should not 44 count." During the war they were strong partisans, and both fought gallant ly all through the great struggle Eng on the Union side and Chang on the Con federate. They took each other prisoners at 8even Oaks, but the proofs of capture were so evenly balanced in favor ot each that a general army court had to be as sembled to determine which one was prop erly the captor and which the captive. The jury was unable to agree for a long time ; but the vexed question was finally decided by agreeing to consider them both prisoners, and then exchanging them. At one time Chang was convicted of disobedi ence of orders, and sentenced to ten days in the guard house ; but Eng, in spite of all arguments, felt obliged to share his im prisonment, notwithstanding be himself was entirely innocent ; and so, to save the blameless brother fromsuflering, they had to discharge both from custody the just reward of faithfulness. Upon one occasion the brothers fell out about something, and Chang knocked Eng down, and then tripped and fell on him, whereupon both clinched and began to beat and gouge each other without mercy. The bystanders interfered and tried to separate them, but they could not do it, and so allowed them to fight it out. In the end both were disabled, and were car ried to the hospital on one and the same shutter. Their ancient habit of going always to gether had its drawbacks when they reached man's estate and entered upon the luxury of courting. Both fell in love with the same girl. Each tried to steal clandes tine interviews with her, but at the critic al moment the other would always turn up By and by Eng saw, with distraction, that (hang had won the girls anections ; and, from that day forth, he had to bear with the agony ot being a witness to all their dainty billing and cooincr. Bnt, with a magnanimity that did him infinite cred it, he succumbed to his fate, and gave countenance and encouragement to a state of things that bade fair to sunder his gen erous heart-strings. He sat from seven every evening until two in the morning listening to the fond foolishness of the two lovers, and to the concussion of hundreds of squandered kisses for the privilege of sharing only one of which he wnuld have given his right hand. But be sat patiently, and waited, and gaped, and yawned, and stretched, and longed for two o'clock to come. And he took long walks with the lovers on moonlight evenings sometimes traversing ten miles, nolwith standing he was usually suffering from rheumatism. He was an inveterate smoker ; but he could not smoke on these occasions, because the young lady was painfully sensitive to the smell of tobacco. Eng cordially wanted them married, and done with it; but, although Chang often asked the momentous iptestion, the young lady could not gather sufficient courage to answer It while Eng was by. However, on one occasion after hnving walked some sixteen miUs.andsai uptillm a-ly daylight, Eng dropped asleep from sheer exhaustion, and then the question was asked and an wered. The lovers were married. All ac quainted with thecircumstancesapplaudvd the noble brother-in law. Hlsunwavenng faithfulness was the theme of every tongue. He had staid by them all through their long and arduous courtship ; and when at last they were married, he lifted his hands above their heads, and said with impressive unction, 44 Bless ye, my children, I will never desert ye !" and be kept his word. Magnanimity like this is all too rare in this cold world. By and-bye Erg fell in love with his sis ter in law's sister, and married her, and since that day they have all lived together, night and day, in an exceeding sociabil- t . i-i 1- & - .1 1 ilA.I 1... ity which is touching and beautiful to be- hold, and is a scathing rebuke to our boast ed civilization. The sympathy existing between these two brothers is so close and so refined that the feelings, the impulses, the emotions oiineoneare instanUy experienced bv the other. When one Is sick, the other is sick ; when one feels oain. the other feels n; when one is antjered, the other s tern per takes fire. We have already seen with what hanov facility thev both fell in love with the same girl. Now, Chang is mueriy opposed to all torms of intemper ance, on principle ; but Eng is the reverse lor, wniie these men s feelings and emo tions are so closelv wedded, their reason ing faculties are unfettered ; their thoughts are iree. unang belongs to the Good Templars, and is a hard-working and en thusiastic supporter of all temperance re forms. But. to his bitter distress, everv now and then Eng gets drunk, and, of course, mat makes Uhang drunk too. This unfortunate thing has been a great sorrow to Chang, for it almost destroys his useful ness in his favorite field of effort. As sure as he is to head a great temperance procession Eng ranges up alongside of him, prompt to the minute and drunk as a lord ; but yet no more dismally and hopelessly drunk than his brother who has not lasted a drop. And so the two be gin to hoot and yell, and throw mud and bricks at the Good Templars, and, of course, they break up the procession. It would be manifestly wrong to punish Chang for what Eug does, and, therefore, the Good Templars accept the unto ward situation, and suffer in silence and sorrow. They have officially and deliber ately examined into the matter, and find Chang blameless. They have taken the two brothers and filled Chang full of warm water and sugar and Eng full of whis ky, and in twenty-five minutes it was not possible to tell which was the drunk est. Both were as drunk as loons and on hot whisky punches, by the smell of their breath. Yet all the while Chang's moral principles were unsullied, his con science clear ; and so all just men were forced to confess that he wa9 not morally, but only physically drunk. By every right and by every moral evidence the man was strictly sober ; and, therefore, it caused his friends all the more anguish to see him shake hands with the pump and try to m ind his watch with his night-key. There is a moral in these solemn warn ingsor, at leapt, a warning in these sol emn morals ; one or the other. No mat ter, it is somehow. Let us heed it ; let us profit by it. I could say more of an instructive na ture about these interesting beings, but let what I have written suffice. Having forgotten to mention it sooner, I will remark, in conclusion, that the ages of the Siamese Twin9 are respectively tifty-one and fifty-three years. Packard's MontMy for August. The Wrong Man In the Wrong Place. A kkw days since, a young couple, just married at Waterbury, Conn., cot on board a train on the Naugatuck Koad, bound for Bridgeport. They had a sweet time, billing and cooing in proper style, until the train reached the junction. While waiting there, the groom took a stroll on the platform, and the bride also improved the time to walk to the forward end of the car. As the train started, she returned, and seeing her husband, as she supposed, she popped into the same seat, aud lovingly rested her head on his shoul der, while the cars passed through the covered bridge. Unfortunately she had mistaken her man, and as the crs emerged from the bridge a trembling voice whispered in her ear that he didn't quite comprehend the situation. Looking up, the bride found an unknown, blushing youth, while her liege lord was standing in the aisle, with a look of blank aston ishment on his face, not knowing what to make of 44 such conduct as those." The error was corrected at once, but the fun was too much for the occupants of the cat, and every sleeve contained an enor mous though quiet laugh. The Sau Fraucisco Aerial Steam Car riage. The problem of aerial navigation is solved. Within a year we shall travel habitually to New York, Europe and China by aerial carriages. The trial trips of the model steam carriage, at Shell Mound Park, have been entirely and completely successful exceeding the most sanguine anticipations or hopes of the builders. The power of the propellers was greater, and the resistance ot the atmosphere less than were estimated, and the speed attained was proportionately greater. Protected by its patent rights, we believe that the Aerial Steam Naviga tion Company of California and its grantees will speedily constitute the most gigantic single incorporation interest in the United States overshadowing the railroad, steamship or telegraph combina tions. The thing is done: fully, finally and completely done. Within four weeks the first aerial steam carriage, capable of conveying six persons, and propelled at a rate exceeding the minimum speed of thirty miles an hour, will wing its flight over the Sierra Nevada on its way to New York and other remote parts. Sin Fran cisco News letter, June M, The Wonders of Modern Surgery. Probably the most astounding surgical operation ever performed on the American continent has recently been made in this city by Dr. G. I). Beebe. The circum stances, as we gather them from the hus band of the patient, are briefly these : Mrs. J, B Childs, residing at Lee Center, 111., came to this city on a visit, and was stopping on Sangammon street. While there she became aware that an old rup tu re, from which she had sullered from time to time tor several years, was likely 1. 1 give her trouble and summoned medi cal aid. The physician first called regard ed it a case of 44 wind colic," but his treatment not relieving the suffering of the unfortunate woman, he was dismissed and lr. L. Dodge was summoned, who, recognizing the true state of the case, re quested that a surgeon be called. A ( ireful examination of the case revealed the fact that the intestine involved in the rupture had already mortified, and to allow this to remain would inevitably de siroy the woman's life. He, therefore, decided to remove so much of the intestine as had undergone decomposition, and, by securing the extremities of the sound in testine, to restore at length the natural passaue and thus preserve the unfortunate lady's Ufa Asistcd by Drs. L. Hodge, J. S. Mitchell, and A. Q. Beebe, this danger ous and difficult operation was according ly performed, and four feet six inches of the intestine were removed fnrm the pa lient's foxly, and may now ie seen, pre served in alcohol, in Dr. Beebe's office. The operation completed, the abdomen was carefui'y stitched up, the patient en joined to preserve perfect quiet, and to abstain from solid food. Thirteen days have now elapsed, and, astounding as it may seem, the good lady has weil nigh recovered, being now allowed thafreedom of her room and a generous diet, which is heartily relished. What will not the surgeons do next v Chicago Tribune, Ju ly 23. Wealth. One great cause of the poverty of the present day is, the failure of our common people to appreciate small things. They feel that if they can not save large sums they will not save any thing. They do not realize how a daily addition, be it ever so small, will soon make a large pile. If the young men and young women of to-day will only begin, and begin now, to save a little from their earnings, and plant it in the soil of some good savings bank, and weekly or monthly add their mite, thy will wear a happy smile of com petenct and independence when they reach middle life. Not only the pile will itself increase, but the detire and the abil ity to increase it will also grow. Let clerk and tradesman, laborer and artisan, make now and at once a beginning. Store op some of your youthful force and vigor for future contingency. Let parents teach their children to begin early to save. Be gin at the fountain-head to control the stream of extravagance, and the work will be easy. To choose between spend ing and saving: is to choose between nov- erty and riches. Let our youth go on in habits of extravagance, for fiftv vea.ni In come, as they have for fifty years past, and we snail De a nation ot beerars with a moneyed aristocnurw. T.et a. reneratirm of such as save in small sums be reared, and d shall lie tree from all want. Do not be ambitious for extravagant fortunes, but do seek that wh ch is the dutv of everv one to obtain, independence and a com fortable home. Wealth, and enough of it, is within the reach of all. It is obtainable by one process, and by one only saving. jianujaciurer ana isuuaer. facts and mrfjsm Tbk national debt of Great Britain is t'79rt,S61,067. Twenty thkke bridges in Peoria caun- ty. 111., were carried off by the recent rains. Toentyfocb American artists ex hibited thirty-one pictures at the recent art display in Paris. Thk city of New York pays $300 per year to policemen who are retired from active service. The Boston Directory for 1869 contains 5,000 more names than that of 1868 ; the Chicago one, 18,000. The Universalists have a member in Bristol, N. Y., who statedly gives to mis sion work one per cent, of his income. Ida Lewis receives as many as 75 calls a day, and visitors embarrass her by com ing before the breakfast things are cleared OK The total valuation of the real and per sonal property of Nebraska exceeds $40, 000,000. Last year it was $2 2,000,000. The New York papers say that a lad 16 years of age was arrested for refusing to support his wife, a girl of 14. They were married a year ago. Rev. Dr. Spacldeno is the oldest liv ing Missionary of the American Board He is 76 years of age, and has been a missionary in Ceylon since 1819. In Great Britain to a population of 24, 363,000 persons, there are 36,200 minis ters of all denominations, 34,700 churches and chapels. A London merchant has been fined 20 and costs for sending five packages of uunpowder by rail without notifying of the contents. The Protestant population in the Aus train Empire amounts to 3,140,380, of whom 1,220,083 are Lutherans and 1,912, 247 are of the reformed faith. In 1868 the consumption of flour in Paris amounted to 2,000,000 quintals (456,000,000 pounds), which is equal to about 615,000,000 pounds of bread. A citizen ot Belfast, Me., who had not seen his son for eight years, and supposed him deajL recognized him as one of the acroba'.s in a circus which exhibited in that city a few days ago. A Cincinnati paper claims that one of the main reasons why the lied Stockings have vanquished every base ball oppo nent is because they use no intoxicating drinks. Two New York butchers were the con testants in a recent calf-dressing match for $500. The winner dressed five calves in a superior manner in 292 minutes. The Prince of Wales has over i'53.000 a year from the Duchy of Cornwall, 40, 000 a year from Parliament, the interest upon the 500,000 saved during his mi nority, and if report le true, an addi tional payment of 40,000 a year recently made by the Queen for State purposes. The Hungarian soldiers, by a recent government order, have been permitted to work in the harvest fields for a period of three weeks. Each employer is re quired to pay to the government three and a haif kreutzers, or fifteen cents, a day, for the wear and tear of the clothes worn by the soldiers. Ammoniac powder, a new material for blasting purposes, has been successfully employed in Sweden. Its properties are quite remarkable from their inconsistency with each other. It is said that it com bines considerable explosive force with a tardy inflammability ; that it cannot be exploded by percussion ; and that it does not deteriorate from the effects of climate. The Roman Catholics claim in Masaa chusetts a population of 350,000, who arc provided with 128 churches, besides S buildings, 36 chapels and stations, 155 priests, 88 clerical students, I male and 1 1 female institutions, 5 855 scholars in their 2 colleges, 3 lsdies' seminaries and 13 pa rochial free schools, 5 hospitals, 5 asy lums with 550 orphans, and 12 benevolent and charitable institutions. Doctor Boehm, a celebrated German surgeon, has just performed the operation of separating two female children, five years of age, who were joined together in the same manner as the Siamese twins. The German papers state that the opera tion was at ten. ted with perfect success, but one of the patients seems to have died the same day. The survivor is in good health. The total Italian population In the United States varies from 180,000 to 200, 000; more than 35,000 are settled in the Pacific State; from 12,000 to 15,000 iu New York ; 10,000 in New Orleans, and a large number of Italians are equally to be found in St Louis, Memphis, Chicago, Philadelphia, Boston, Cincinnati, Louis ville, and all the large cities in the Union.