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The Plymouth weekly Democrat. (Plymouth, Ind.) 1860-1869, July 29, 1869, Image 1

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PLYMOUTH WEEKLY DEMOCRAT.
VOLUME XIV.
PLYMOUTH, INDIANA, THURSDAY, JULY 29, 1809.
NUMBER 47.
floctm
BY AND BY.
Bt and by ! We My it softly.
Thinking of a tender hope,
Stirring alway in onr bosom.
Where so many longings grope.
By and bv ! Oh loye shall greet m
Id a time that is to come.
And tht fears that now defeat n l
Then shall all be etrick?n duu. b !
By and by ! The mournful sorrows
Clouding o'er oar sky to-day.
Shall be gone in glad to-morrows
Shall be banished quite away !
By and by ! We say it gently.
Looking on our silent dead.
And we do not think of earth-life,
But of Heaven's eet life instead.
By and by ' We look in yearning
Toward the : arbor of the blest.
And we see the beacons burn:ng
In the ports of perfect res'..
By and by ! Oar ship sbail anchor.
If the tide and wind run fair,
.Someday in the port of Heaven,
Where our lost and loved ones are.
By and by 1 Oh say it softly.
Thinking not of earth and care,
JBnt the by amd by of Heaven,
Waitin for us over there !
One a Month.
Selccieb JttiBccllmtp.
PETER CRISP'S SPECTACLES.
Peter Crtisp had something the matter
with his eyes : he needed spectacles to
help him to see. Bat this was no uncom
mon misfortune ; hundreds of people, who
do ten pood hours' work every day of
their lives, use glasses and cannot get
along without them. No; the chief
trouble in Peter's case was not in wanting
glasses .- it was in the particular sort of
glasses that he used. He had several
pairs, which he always kept on hand, no
body knew exactly where : they seemed
to be hidden somewhere about the head
of his bed, for he often got them on before
he was up in the morning.
One pair was what I should call smoked
glioses, such as persons use in looking at
the tun : they do very well for that pur
pose, preventing the bright rays from
hurting the eyes. But Peter did not put
them on to look at the sun with : he looked
jj. everything through them. And a this
Tirade ever thing look dark and ugty, he
wj made to feel accordingly.
AT could iron these collars better my
self t " he exclaimed one morning as he
was dre'siDgt after getting up with those
glafies on. And a few minutes later,
" Not a pin in cushion as usual ;
and presently again, " Who A taken my
comb and brush "
lid any of the children chanced to
come into the room about that time, it
would have been woi'SC for them.
When he sat down to breakfast there
was a deep wrinkle between his eyes,
caused by the weight of the glasses upon
his brow.
That Polly Ann never did make a good
cup of coffee in her life," he remarked.
My dear," turning to his wJfe, " I do wish
you would take the trouble to go down
once just once, only once and show her
how."
Mrs. Crisp ventured to say in a low
voice that she went down every morning.
IVter had no reply to make to thU, but he
puckered his 'ips as if he had been taking
quinint , frowned yet more severely and
pushed the cup away from him
After his cheerful breakfast he put on
his hat to go to the store, bat turned back
from the front door and came to the foot
of the stairs, where he stood calling out in
a loud voice that he really felt ashamed of
the black around the door-knob and bell
handle. In the street a few momenta
afterward, a gentkauan joined him, to
whom he was as pleasant as possible. But
when he got into the counting-room, it
was plain he had the smoked glasses on
still. Not one person about the concern
worked as he should do, fae said none of
them were worth a cent. It used to be
different when he was a boy. Then he
went out with a look of general disgust
its soon as he was gone the bookkeeper j
wraa cr ss to me ciera, ami me ciers i
.1 ii i a. i s i
wütided the boy, and the boy wentont and
abased the porter.
A few mornings after that, Peter had on
what might be called his blue glasses. He
was in a milder frame, but low in spirits.
He was sorry to see the chamber carpet
wearing out, for he did not know where
another would come from. At breakfast
.be watched all the children taking butter,
sind took scarcely any himself. He
Verged Mrs. Crisp to put I es sugar tfl his
c. oftae. The frown was gone from his fce,
bUt a most dejected look had come in its
place. Spying a hole in the toe of his
boy's ooe ne took a long breatn, and
hearing ttu' dressmaker was engaged
a day next week fr his daughters, he
sighed aloud. Walking down the street,
he looked as . f h2 had lt a near relative,
and at the stor i H day he felt like one on
the eve of break ing -
He had one mre pair of g'aases, the
color of which c n.'d .never be distinctly
made out : they seamed ois of mud
colo than anything else. He did not
wear them often as either of t. others,
but when he dAd they had a very t'gulr
effect. It was thought by many that hey
befogged him, rather than helped him se
for after putting them on of a morning he
would get np and dress hardly speaking a
word. At breakfast he would say nothing,
and not seem to want anybody elw to ;
consequently the whole t'-tmily would sit
a nd munch in silence; then he would rise
fro m the table and walk out of the front
dooi as if he was dumb ; and although it
was a relief when he had gone and made
matten something better, still a chilling
influence remained behind him the whole
norning.
Peter h ad been wearing these glasses
a good man 7 year, when it occurred to
him one day that things never looked very
cheerful in U is eyes, that he was never
very happy, act? that perhaps his specta
clea had something 10 üo with it.
" I wish I could gPt another and a bet
ter nair." said he. Then he remembered
that his neighbor, Sa.rauel Beabright, had
w w
to wtar glasses also, out he always ap
peared to see well and to have a pleasant
face on. Meeting him the next morning,
he said,
Neighbor, if it is not making too free,
may I ak wlere you get your spectacle-
"
"Certainly," replied Samuel. "I im
flad to tell you. They are good ones, and
wish every man with poor eyes had a
pair.like them."
41 1 would be willing to pay a good price
for a pair," said Peter.
14 That is not needful," replied Samuel
44 they are the cheapest glaaaea you can
get."
44 Pray tell me where I can find them,"
and Peter.
44 1 got mine," said Samuel, 44 by the
help of a certain Physician whose house
you pass every day : and if you are truly
anxious to get them, I know he will tell
you how you can get a pair for the ask
ing."
I don't want them in charity," replied
Peter.
" Then you cannot have them," said
Samuel.
M Well," replied Peter, in a humbler
voice, 44 I'll take them for nothing, or I'll
pay a big price for them, for I want them
above all things."
44 Ah," said Samuel, 41 that sounds more
like getting them Tou go to him and
tell him how you feel, and he will attend
to your case."
Then Peter did as he was told. The
Doctor looked at his eyes, and said that
the disease in them was one which kept
him from seeing the good in things about
him : all he could see was the evil.
44 And those glasses you have been wear
ing," he continued, 44 have only made them
worse, till there is a danger of your get
ting beyond cure."
44 And is there no hope for me ?" asked
Peter.
44 Oh yes," replied the Doctor, 44 if you
will follow the directions,"
44 1 will do so," said Peter.
"In the first place, then," he continued,
" you must wear those glasses no more.
Throw them away or put them in the
tire, so that you will never see them
again."
44 1 promise to do so," replied Peter.
44 In the next place, when you are given
a new pair," continued the Doctor, 44 you
must always walk in the way which they
show you to be right."
I will try not to depart from it," said
Peter.
At this there came an invisible hand
that took off his old smoked glasses and
put on new ones, made of pure crystal,
which let the light through just as it came
down from the sky. Rut oh what a
change they made to Peter ! He went
home, and as soon as he entered the door
his house seemed tike another place to
him : it seemed filled with blessings.
44 Is it possible," he exclaimed, 44 that
those glasses have kept me from seeing all
these before ?"
The next morning when he got up he
told his wife what had befallen him and
how he felt in consequence.
44 But," said she, with a loving smile,
44 how about those badly-ironed collars and
the pins and the weak coffee ?"
44 Oh," he cried, 44 how could I ever let
such trifles trouble me ?"
44 And then," she continued, 44herc is the
carpet wearing out, and the boys' shoes
and the girls dresses.
44 As for them," he said, 44 we will
hope
But
pres-
to get more when they are gone,
even if we should not have half our
ent comforts and indulgences, with
you,
my dearest, and our precious children,
about me, I trust I may feel too rich ever
again to utter one complaining word."
So the sunshine came into Peter Crisp's
house, and he and all his family led a
sappier life because of his new glasses,
w.iich were a thankful heart. Lippin
cotVs Magazine.
ECLIPSES.
BY T. D. 8AFFORD, (DIRECTOR OF THE
DEARBORN OBSERVATORY, CHICAGO).
From time to time it is noticed that the
sun and moon are partially or totally
eclipsed ; that is to say, in the sun's case,
a portion or the whole of that luminary,
as we usually see it, is hidden by a round,
dark body, now well known to be the
moon ; and in case the moon is eclipsed,
a dark shadow appears to cross its disc.
We know by observation that when the
moon is eclipsed it is always full moon ;
that the earth is interposed between the
sun and the moon, and that it is the earth's
shadow which produces the eclipse. Again,
when the sun is eclipsed it is always new
moon ; and we always see the slight lunar
crescent called the new moon a day or two
afterwards.
But not at every full or new moon does
an eclipse take place only at certain
seasons of this kind, when the sun,
eart h
and moon are unusually near the same
ti rwrT iino t tr i i nn aim unn yy isn rko a r .
-" -y
parently in conjunction, that is, in the
same region of the Heaven's, but at the
same time one appears so far above the
other that they escape appearing to touch,
there will be no eclipse. And in the same
way, if the moon at its full does not pass
exactly through the earth's shadow, it may
pass over or under it, and so escape an
eclipse entirely.
Before going any further, it may be well
to state that a so-called total eclipse of the
moon does not cause the moon to disap
pear entirely ; but that even then she still
shines with a dusky light. More of this
further on.
There are three kinds of eclipses of the
sun partial, the commonest kind ; total,
the surest j and a third kind, annular,
neither partial nor total, strictly speaking
The reason of this third kind we must
think about for a moment.
We all know very well that the sun and
moon appear to us very much of the same
size: but they are very different in mag
nitude. The sun is much larger, and
about as much further off; so that, us a
pane of glass in my room appears nearly
as large as a great building at a half-mile
distance, so the sun and moon appear rela
tively of the same size. But if I go nearer
ie window, I shall see the pane larger
prop 'rtionably than the building ; and vie
versa if I ft away from the window, if,
then we 'ace the moon at such a dis
tance from us, And in such a place, that it
win appear just to cover the whole sun,
and then approacn nearer, the moon will
appear to grow larger faster than the sun
does, and a total eclipse will take place
On the other hand, if we go further from
the moon, it will grow (to us) smaller, and
will not cover tL whole sun, but leave a
ring of light outside. And just the same
thing happens in nature, when the centres
of the sun and moon appear just in the
same place to us ; that is, when the eclipse
is 44 central," as astronomers call it. The
moon is in this case sometimes so near as
entirely to cover the sun, sometimes so fnr
as to leave a ring of light around itself;
the eclipse in the first case is railed total,
in the second case annular or, as the Ger
mans say, ringformed.
When do the eclipses of the sun take
place? that is, how can we predict them ?
To do this thoroughly and with extreme
accuracy, requires the tables of the sun's
and moon's motions, and a great deal of
calculation. Large volumes are devoted
to the purpose of telling exactly at what
point in the heavens the sun and moon
will be at any future instant, and do so
with such accuracy that we can not fbf
many years fail by one minute of time in
predicting when any eclipse will take
place ; and when even this degree of ac
curacy is reached, corrections will be made
from the results of the daily and nigbtlv
observations now making in all civilized
countries. But it is comparatively easy to
predict when an eclipse will take place
with some approximation to the truth,
and by two considerations:
First, there are two days in every year
near which a new or full moon is likely to
bring an eclipse. For this year, thes
dates are February 5th and July 30th ; and
so we find by the more refined calculation,
that there are eclipses of the moon on
January 27th and July 23 1, both these
dates being fuV moons; and of the sun
February 1 Uh and August 7 th, both these
dates being new moons.
Again, every eclips is followed by a
somewhat similar eclipse visible, how
ever, in a very different part of the earth
at an interval of eighteen years, ten
days and a fraction ; so that the eclipse
which took place in the forenoon of July
28th, 1851, will be followed by one in the
afternoon of August 7th, 1869. But this
eclipse of 1851 was only partial in the
United States, and total in a small part of
North America, and through a small belt of
country in Europe ; that of 1869 will be
total only in a narrow belt in Northern
Asia and North America a belt which
passes through Illinois, as will be men
tioned by and by.
Between these two eclipses, July, 1851,
and August, 1869, there have been ob
served about seventy others ; and it is
calculated that of these seventy, forty-one
have been of the sun and twenty-nine of
the moon ; and each one of them, except
perhaps some of the smaller ones, will
have its corresponding eclipse in about
eighteen years and ten days after its own
date.
Some one will here say that eclipses of
the moon are not rarer than those of the
s tn; but, on the contrary, much com
moner. On looking one moment at the
subject, we see the fallacy of this.
Eclipses of the moon can be seen every
where in that half of the earth for which
the moon is up at the time of the occur
rence, but eclipses of the sun are only visi
ble through a smaller space of country. Th e
srreat eclipse of this year has its centre in
Alaska : it does not extend much south of
the equator, nor a great way into Asia; it
is in some degree visible over the whole
of North America, and a little way into
the Atlantic Ocean ; and covers about one
fifth of the earth's surface with the va
rious boundary lines of Its visibility.
And when we come to look at the
extent of total eclipse, we see that it ex
tends over a belt of country about one
hundred and sixty miles wide, beginning
in Siberia, thence passing through Alaska,
some of the late Hudsons Bay territories,
a part of Dacotah, most of Iowa, a large
part of Illinois, In liana aud Kentucky,
part of Tennessee, most of North Carolina,
and a little of Northern Nebraska, Min
nesota, South Carolina and Virginia. This
belt of totality just escapes the following
important places: Chicago, St. Louis, Cin
cinnati, Indianapolis and Omaha; anc any
one will find that a belt one hundred and
sixty miles wide, passing between Chicago
and St. Louis, and avoiding Omaha on the
south and Cincinnati on the north, must
pass about in the direction above indicated
by the States mentioned above. And you
can represent, in a rough way, the course
of the shadow t hat is, of the total portion
of the eclipse by cutting out a slip of
paper of the width of the representative
of one hundred and sixty miles on any
map of the United States, and long enough
to reach from the map position of Beau
fort, N C , to that of Fort Union, Dacotah.
Place this strip so that the centre of one
end shall be near Cape Lookout, and the
edge shall just lap over Hock Island and
avoid Omaha. The path of the eclipse,
however, is somewhat curved, and the
maps themselves distort the shape of the
i rt h, so that you will not find such a strip,
made straight, to give more than a very
rough idea of the shadow's course. On
the map which I use, for instance, Cin
cinnati and Indianapolis would be thus
included, and St. Louis be left too far to
the south.
The phenomena attending eclipses are
quite familiar to those who notice such
phenomena, and in general are these:
The earth's shadow is seen at the predicted
time to enter upon the moon, first as a
small circular arc, growing wider and
wider, and often of a pea-green tint, until,
when the eclipse is a large one, it is suc
ceeded by a deep copper hue, finally over
spreading a great part or the whole of the
moon. After this we can see. with a good
telescope, not only the general outlines of
the lunar disc, but also special feature?,
such as the ranges of mountains, the cir
cular valleys so familiar to telescopic ob
servation, aud the great plains called by
the old astronomers 44 seas." After a
while perhaps an hour or two the to
tality ceases, and the partial eclipse recurs
and goes off in the inverse order of phe
nomena. The most striking thing about
such an eclipse is the deep coppery hue of
the moon's surface.
Partial eclipses of the sun are more
exact phenomena for observation ; the
indentation which is seen is produced by
the body of the moon itself, and we some
times see the jagged prominences of the
lunar mountains This, too, '.s to be no
ted : that every solar eclipse appears at
dihVrent magnitudes for different places,
because an observer at one point can see
further around the intervening obstacle
of the moon's difec thaa at another ; and,
as will be nferred from what was before
ssid, the f -me eclipse may be partial at
one place and total at another.
Partial eclipses ot the sun yield in im
portance to annular. In the latter, four
phenomena are to be noticed i first, the
beginning of the partial eclipse or indenta
tion of th-. sun'sdisc; next, ti e beginning
of the anuular eclipse namely, the f fili
ation of the ring, where the iuoon is first
seen completely within the sun, and its
breaking up as the moon rurosses the
boundary of brilliant light: and finally
the end of even partial eclipse. The an
nular phenomena are much more accu
rately observable than those of a partial
eclipse ; and the formation and breaking
up of the ring are sometimes accompanied
with what are called 44 Baily's beads."
The rim of light between the moon's edge
and that of the sun is, when very narrow,
broken up into points partially discon
nected, hke a string of heads. It is sup
posed that the jagged points of the lunar
mountains OMM this appearance.
But a total eclipse of the sun surpasses
in sublimity, as well as interest, all other
astronomical phenomena whatever. Dur
ing a space of time never ever exceeding
eight minutes, we observe the passage
from a sunlight to a darkness almost like
that of night, and back again. The sky, as
the partial eclipse grows larger and
larger, changes its tints to various
hues, described sometimes as livid,
but mingled with orange yellow,
or purple, ometimes much before the
beginning of the total eclipse proper.
The moon advances slowly over the Hilar
disc, covering more and more of it with
it blackness, and making more and more
obscure surrounding objects, till, when
the last gleam of sunlight is about to
pass away, the observer sees the moon and
what remains of the sun surrounded by a
bright carona or glory, such as surrounds
the heads of the Lord and the saints in re-
ligious pictures. When the sunlight total
ly disappears, nothing is left to enlighten
objects abound, save the scattered rays of
1 Vi l a. 1 tf mi .
Lwnigni anu me coron liseu. mis glory
is intersected here and there with flashing
rays, extending often to considerable dis
tances from the sun, and has been itself
seen nearly as broad as the sun's diameter.
When the corona gives the light by which
obj cts are seen, they naturally appear very
differently from what we see in daylight,
or even at night. The sharpness and black
ness of distant hills have often been no
ticed. Besides this corona, the 44 protuber
ances " of a rosy color and irregular shape
are a very marked feature. These are
cloud-like masses seen projecting beyond
the dark edge of the moon, are not gen
erally visible without telescopes, and have
long been, as well as the corona, mysteri
ous in their origin. But it is now made
certain by the spectroscope that they are
gaseous in nature; it was found out by
photographing them that they were con-nc-c
ed with the sun, and that as the moon
passed over them it hid them by degrees.
If they were phenomena of the lunar at
mosphere they would move with the moon
itself, which they do not do.
All these phenomena can only be ob
served by great concentration of effort,
and by division of labor. When the time
of observation of the most important ex
tends only from two to eight minutes, il
is plain that much expedition is necessa
ry. In caie of the eclipse of the present
year, the duration is about three minutes
near the central line.
In past ages the fate of a battle or an
assault has turned upon a total eclipse of
the sun. Xenophon tells us that the town
of Larissa was taken on account of the
fright of the inhabitants when the sun
was covered by a cloud. This circum
stance, casually mentioned in the Anaba
tii (Book III., section iv.), has enabled as
tronomers to make certain that a total
eclipse took place then aud there, and has
even been of use in correcting the lunar
tables. Other eclipses of note in history
were those predicted by Thaies, B85 B. C ;
that connected with the expedition of
Agathocles against Carthage, B.C. 310;
and an eclipse which helped decide the
battle of Stikla9tad, in the Scandinavian
annals. Columbus is said to have
KÄSE. S&Ä
ffi lÄCr
his longitude, and so the distance of !
America from Kurope. In modern tiuiesN
we have often heard of the panic terror of ;
ignorant populations ; and there are even j
stories that in the eclipse of 1800, persons ;
here and there thought the Judgment Day
was coming. Western MontMy for An- 1
gust.
Simon Short's Son, Samuel.
The following literary curiosity was
constructed for the last number of the
Aspirant, the reading of which formed a
part of the closing exercises of the Con
cord, N. H , High School. The writer is
Miss Ida Bennett :
Shrewd Simon Short sewed shoes .
Seventeen summers, speeding storms,
spreading sunshine successively saw Si
mon's small, shabby shop still standing
staunch, saw Simon's self-same squeaking
sign still swinging, silently specifying ;
44 Simon Short, Smithfleld's sole surviving
shoemaker. Shoes sewed, soled super
finely." Simon's spry, sedulous spouse,
Sally Short, sewed skirts, stitched sheets,
stuffed sofas. Simon's six stout, sturdy
sons Seth, Samuel, Stephen, Saul, Silas,
Shadrach sold sundries. Sober Seth
sold sugar, starch, spices ; simple Sam
sold saddles, stirrups, screws; sagacious
Stephen sold silks, satins, shawls ; skepti
cal Saul sold silver palvers ; selfish Shad
rach sold salves, shoe strings, soap, saws,
skates ; slack Silas sold Sally Short's
stuffed sofas.
Some seven summers since, Simon's
second son Samuel s"w Sophia Sophronia
Spriggs somewhere. Sweet sensible,
smart Sophia Sopronia Spriggs. Sam soon
showed strange symptoms. Sam seldom
stayed, storing, selling saddles. Sam
sighed sorrowfully, sought Sophia Sophro- !
nia's society, sung several serenades slyly.
Simon stormed, scolded severely, said
Sam seemed so silly singing such shame
ful, senseless songs. " Strange, Sam
should slight such splendid spies ! Strut
ting spendthrift! shattered -brained sim
pleton ! "
44 Softly, softly, sire." said Sally. 44 Sam's
smitten ; Sam's spied some sweet-heart."
44 Sentimental school boy !" snarled Si
mon. 44 Smitten ! Stop such stuff " Si
mon sentSa'iy's suutf-box spioniug, seized
Sally's scissors, smashed Sally's spectacles,
scattering several spools. "Sneaking !
scoundrel ! Sam's hocking silliness shall j
surcease!" Scowling, Simon stopped
speaking, starting swifllv shopward. Sally
sighed sadly. Summoning Sam, she spoke
sweet sympathy. 44 Sam,'r said she, 44 sire
seems singularly snappy ; so, sonny, stop
."trolling streets, stop smoking segars,
spending specie superfluously, stop sprue
ing so, stop singing sercnadet, stop short !
Sell Baddies, sell saddles sensible; see
Sophia Sophronia Spriggs soon she's
sprightly, she's stable, ho solicit, sue, secure
Sopbia speedily, Sam."
4 S ) soon ? so soon f said Sam, stand
ing stock still.
44 4 So soon, surely," said Sally, smiling
ly ; 44 specially since sire shows such
spirits."
44 So, Sam, somewhat scared, sauntered
slowly, shaking stupendously. Sam
soliloquises; Sophia Sophronia Spriggs,
Spriggs Short Sophia Sophronia Short
Samuel Short's spouse sounds splen
did ! Suppose she should say She !
she shan't she shan't !"
Soon Sam spied Sophia starching shirts,
singingly softly. Seeing Sam, she
stopped starching, saluting Sam smilingly.
Sm stammered shockingly.
44 Spl-spl-splendid summer season, So
phia. 44 Somewhat sultry," suggested Sophia.
44Sar sariin, Sophia," said Sam. (Si
lenre seventeen seconds.)
"Selling saddles st'll, Sam y"
44 Sar-sar tin," said Sara, starting sud
denly. 44 Season's somewhat sudorific,"
said Sam stealthily, staunching streaming
sweat, shaking sensibly.
44 8artin," said Sophia, smiling sign'fi
cantly. 4 Sip some sweet shurbert, Sam."
(Silence sixty seconds )
44 Sire shot sixty shelldrakes, Saturday,"
said Sophia.
44 Sixty V shon said Sam. (Silence
seventy-seven seconds.)
44 See sister Susan's sunflowers," said
Sophia socially, silencing such stiff si
lence. Sophia's sprightly sauciness stimulated
Sam strangely; so Sam suddenly spoke
sentimentally; 44 Sophia, Susan's sun
flowers seem saying, 4 Samuel Short, Su
san Sophronia Spriggs, stroll serenely,
seek some sequestered spot, some sylvan
shade. Sparkling sorinzs shall sine soul
stirring strains; sweet songsters shall si
lence secret sighings : super-angelic sylphs
shall "Sophia snickered ; so Sam stop-
.
peu
44 Sophia," said Sam solemnly.
"Sam, said Sophia.
"Sophia, stop smiling. Sam Short's
sincere. Sam's seeking some sweet
spouse, Sophia.4'
Sophia stood silent.
44 Speak, Sophia, speak ! such suspense
speculates sorrow."
u Seek sire, Sam, seek sire."
So Sam sought sire Spriggs, sire Spriggs
!H Uai-tin "
said
Personal Habits of the Siamese Twins.
BV MARK TWAIN.
I do not wish to write of the personal
habit of these strange creatures solely,
but also of certain curious details of va
rious kinds concerning them, which, be
longing only to their private life, have
never crept into print. Knowing the
Twins intimately, I feel that I am pecu
liarly well qualified for the task I have
taken upon myself.
The Siamese Twins are naturally tender
and affectionate in disposition, and have
clung to each other with singular fidelity
throughout a long and eventful life. Eveu
as children they were inseparable com
panions ; and it was noticed that they al
ways seemed to prefer each other's society
to that of any other person's. They nearly
always played together ; and, so accus
tomed was their mother to this peculiarity,
that, whenever both of them chanced t
be lost, uhe usually only hunted for one
of them satisfied that when she found
that one she would find his brother some
where in the immediate neighborhood
And yet these creatures were ignorant
and unlettered barbarians themselves
and the offspring of barbarians, who knew
not the light of philosophy and science.
What a withering rebuke is this to our
boasted civilization, with its quarrelings,
its wranglings, and its separations of
brothers !
As men, the Twins have not always
lived in perfect accord ; but, still, there
has always been a bond between them
wnicn maae tnem unwining to go away
lrom each other and dwell
apart. I hey
. d a. S .... 9
' h "ever failed to even sleep together
on any night since they were born.
How surely do the habits of a
lifetime become second nature to us ! The
Twins always go to bed at the smie time ;
but Chang usually gets up an hour before
his brother. By an understanding be
tween themselves, Chang does all the in
door work and Eng runs all the errands.
This is because Eng likes to go out ,
Chang's habits are sedentary. However,
Chang always goes along. Eng i9 a
Baptist, but Chang is a Roman Catholic ;
still, to please his brother, Chang consent
ed to be baptized at the same time that
Eng was, on condition that it should not
44 count." During the war they were
strong partisans, and both fought gallant
ly all through the great struggle Eng on
the Union side and Chang on the Con
federate. They took each other prisoners
at 8even Oaks, but the proofs of capture
were so evenly balanced in favor ot each
that a general army court had to be as
sembled to determine which one was prop
erly the captor and which the captive.
The jury was unable to agree for a long
time ; but the vexed question was finally
decided by agreeing to consider them both
prisoners, and then exchanging them. At
one time Chang was convicted of disobedi
ence of orders, and sentenced to ten days
in the guard house ; but Eng, in spite of all
arguments, felt obliged to share his im
prisonment, notwithstanding be himself
was entirely innocent ; and so, to save the
blameless brother fromsuflering, they had
to discharge both from custody the just
reward of faithfulness.
Upon one occasion the brothers fell out
about something, and Chang knocked
Eng down, and then tripped and fell on
him, whereupon both clinched and began
to beat and gouge each other without
mercy. The bystanders interfered and tried
to separate them, but they could not do
it, and so allowed them to fight it out. In
the end both were disabled, and were car
ried to the hospital on one and the same
shutter.
Their ancient habit of going always to
gether had its drawbacks when they
reached man's estate and entered upon the
luxury of courting. Both fell in love with
the same girl. Each tried to steal clandes
tine interviews with her, but at the critic
al moment the other would always turn up
By and by Eng saw, with distraction, that
(hang had won the girls anections ; and,
from that day forth, he had to bear with
the agony ot being a witness to all their
dainty billing and cooincr. Bnt, with a
magnanimity that did him infinite cred
it, he succumbed to his fate, and gave
countenance and encouragement to a state
of things that bade fair to sunder his gen
erous heart-strings. He sat from seven
every evening until two in the morning
listening to the fond foolishness of the two
lovers, and to the concussion of hundreds
of squandered kisses for the privilege of
sharing only one of which he wnuld have
given his right hand. But be sat patiently,
and waited, and gaped, and yawned, and
stretched, and longed for two o'clock
to come. And he took long walks
with the lovers on moonlight evenings
sometimes traversing ten miles, nolwith
standing he was usually suffering from
rheumatism. He was an inveterate
smoker ; but he could not smoke on these
occasions, because the young lady was
painfully sensitive to the smell of tobacco.
Eng cordially wanted them married, and
done with it; but, although Chang often
asked the momentous iptestion, the young
lady could not gather sufficient courage to
answer It while Eng was by. However,
on one occasion after hnving walked some
sixteen miUs.andsai uptillm a-ly daylight,
Eng dropped asleep from sheer exhaustion,
and then the question was asked and an
wered. The lovers were married. All ac
quainted with thecircumstancesapplaudvd
the noble brother-in law. Hlsunwavenng
faithfulness was the theme of every
tongue. He had staid by them all through
their long and arduous courtship ; and
when at last they were married, he lifted
his hands above their heads, and said
with impressive unction, 44 Bless ye, my
children, I will never desert ye !" and be
kept his word. Magnanimity like this is
all too rare in this cold world.
By and-bye Erg fell in love with his sis
ter in law's sister, and married her, and
since that day they have all lived together,
night and day, in an exceeding sociabil-
t . i-i 1- & - .1 1 ilA.I 1...
ity which is touching and beautiful to be-
hold, and is a scathing rebuke to our boast
ed civilization.
The sympathy existing between these
two brothers is so close and so refined that
the feelings, the impulses, the emotions
oiineoneare instanUy experienced bv
the other. When one Is sick, the other is
sick ; when one feels oain. the other feels
n; when one is antjered, the other s tern
per takes fire. We have already seen
with what hanov facility thev both fell in
love with the same girl. Now, Chang is
mueriy opposed to all torms of intemper
ance, on principle ; but Eng is the reverse
lor, wniie these men s feelings and emo
tions are so closelv wedded, their reason
ing faculties are unfettered ; their thoughts
are iree. unang belongs to the Good
Templars, and is a hard-working and en
thusiastic supporter of all temperance re
forms. But. to his bitter distress, everv
now and then Eng gets drunk, and, of
course, mat makes Uhang drunk too. This
unfortunate thing has been a great sorrow
to Chang, for it almost destroys his useful
ness in his favorite field of effort. As
sure as he is to head a great temperance
procession Eng ranges up alongside of
him, prompt to the minute and drunk as
a lord ; but yet no more dismally and
hopelessly drunk than his brother who
has not lasted a drop. And so the two be
gin to hoot and yell, and throw mud and
bricks at the Good Templars, and,
of course, they break up the procession.
It would be manifestly wrong to punish
Chang for what Eug does, and, therefore,
the Good Templars accept the unto
ward situation, and suffer in silence and
sorrow. They have officially and deliber
ately examined into the matter, and find
Chang blameless. They have taken the
two brothers and filled Chang full of
warm water and sugar and Eng full of whis
ky, and in twenty-five minutes it was
not possible to tell which was the drunk
est. Both were as drunk as loons and
on hot whisky punches, by the smell of
their breath. Yet all the while Chang's
moral principles were unsullied, his con
science clear ; and so all just men were
forced to confess that he wa9 not morally,
but only physically drunk. By every
right and by every moral evidence the
man was strictly sober ; and, therefore, it
caused his friends all the more anguish to
see him shake hands with the pump and
try to m ind his watch with his night-key.
There is a moral in these solemn warn
ingsor, at leapt, a warning in these sol
emn morals ; one or the other. No mat
ter, it is somehow. Let us heed it ; let us
profit by it.
I could say more of an instructive na
ture about these interesting beings, but
let what I have written suffice.
Having forgotten to mention it sooner,
I will remark, in conclusion, that the ages
of the Siamese Twin9 are respectively
tifty-one and fifty-three years. Packard's
MontMy for August.
The Wrong Man In the Wrong Place.
A kkw days since, a young couple, just
married at Waterbury, Conn., cot on
board a train on the Naugatuck Koad,
bound for Bridgeport. They had a sweet
time, billing and cooing in proper style,
until the train reached the junction.
While waiting there, the groom took a
stroll on the platform, and the bride also
improved the time to walk to the forward
end of the car. As the train started, she
returned, and seeing her husband, as she
supposed, she popped into the same seat,
aud lovingly rested her head on his shoul
der, while the cars passed through the
covered bridge. Unfortunately she had
mistaken her man, and as the crs
emerged from the bridge a trembling
voice whispered in her ear that he didn't
quite comprehend the situation. Looking
up, the bride found an unknown, blushing
youth, while her liege lord was standing
in the aisle, with a look of blank aston
ishment on his face, not knowing what to
make of 44 such conduct as those." The
error was corrected at once, but the fun
was too much for the occupants of the
cat, and every sleeve contained an enor
mous though quiet laugh.
The Sau Fraucisco Aerial Steam Car
riage. The problem of aerial navigation is
solved. Within a year we shall travel
habitually to New York, Europe and
China by aerial carriages. The trial trips
of the model steam carriage, at Shell
Mound Park, have been entirely and
completely successful exceeding the most
sanguine anticipations or hopes of the
builders. The power of the propellers
was greater, and the resistance ot the
atmosphere less than were estimated, and
the speed attained was proportionately
greater. Protected by its patent rights,
we believe that the Aerial Steam Naviga
tion Company of California and its
grantees will speedily constitute the most
gigantic single incorporation interest in
the United States overshadowing the
railroad, steamship or telegraph combina
tions. The thing is done: fully, finally
and completely done. Within four weeks
the first aerial steam carriage, capable of
conveying six persons, and propelled at a
rate exceeding the minimum speed of
thirty miles an hour, will wing its flight
over the Sierra Nevada on its way to New
York and other remote parts. Sin Fran
cisco News letter, June M,
The Wonders of Modern Surgery.
Probably the most astounding surgical
operation ever performed on the American
continent has recently been made in this
city by Dr. G. I). Beebe. The circum
stances, as we gather them from the hus
band of the patient, are briefly these :
Mrs. J, B Childs, residing at Lee Center,
111., came to this city on a visit, and was
stopping on Sangammon street. While
there she became aware that an old rup
tu re, from which she had sullered from
time to time tor several years, was likely
1. 1 give her trouble and summoned medi
cal aid. The physician first called regard
ed it a case of 44 wind colic," but his
treatment not relieving the suffering of
the unfortunate woman, he was dismissed
and lr. L. Dodge was summoned, who,
recognizing the true state of the case, re
quested that a surgeon be called. A
( ireful examination of the case revealed
the fact that the intestine involved in the
rupture had already mortified, and to
allow this to remain would inevitably de
siroy the woman's life. He, therefore,
decided to remove so much of the intestine
as had undergone decomposition, and, by
securing the extremities of the sound in
testine, to restore at length the natural
passaue and thus preserve the unfortunate
lady's Ufa Asistcd by Drs. L. Hodge, J.
S. Mitchell, and A. Q. Beebe, this danger
ous and difficult operation was according
ly performed, and four feet six inches of
the intestine were removed fnrm the pa
lient's foxly, and may now ie seen, pre
served in alcohol, in Dr. Beebe's office.
The operation completed, the abdomen
was carefui'y stitched up, the patient en
joined to preserve perfect quiet, and to
abstain from solid food. Thirteen days
have now elapsed, and, astounding as it
may seem, the good lady has weil nigh
recovered, being now allowed thafreedom
of her room and a generous diet, which
is heartily relished. What will not the
surgeons do next v Chicago Tribune, Ju
ly 23.
Wealth.
One great cause of the poverty of the
present day is, the failure of our common
people to appreciate small things. They
feel that if they can not save large sums
they will not save any thing. They do
not realize how a daily addition, be it
ever so small, will soon make a large pile.
If the young men and young women of
to-day will only begin, and begin now, to
save a little from their earnings, and plant
it in the soil of some good savings bank,
and weekly or monthly add their mite,
thy will wear a happy smile of com
petenct and independence when they
reach middle life. Not only the pile will
itself increase, but the detire and the abil
ity to increase it will also grow. Let clerk
and tradesman, laborer and artisan, make
now and at once a beginning. Store op
some of your youthful force and vigor for
future contingency. Let parents teach
their children to begin early to save. Be
gin at the fountain-head to control the
stream of extravagance, and the work
will be easy. To choose between spend
ing and saving: is to choose between nov-
erty and riches. Let our youth go on in
habits of extravagance, for fiftv vea.ni In
come, as they have for fifty years past, and
we snail De a nation ot beerars with a
moneyed aristocnurw. T.et a. reneratirm of
such as save in small sums be reared, and
d shall lie tree from all want. Do not be
ambitious for extravagant fortunes, but
do seek that wh ch is the dutv of everv
one to obtain, independence and a com
fortable home. Wealth, and enough of it,
is within the reach of all. It is obtainable
by one process, and by one only saving.
jianujaciurer ana isuuaer.
facts and mrfjsm
Tbk national debt of Great Britain is
t'79rt,S61,067.
Twenty thkke bridges in Peoria caun-
ty. 111., were carried off by the recent
rains.
Toentyfocb American artists ex
hibited thirty-one pictures at the recent
art display in Paris.
Thk city of New York pays $300 per
year to policemen who are retired from
active service.
The Boston Directory for 1869 contains
5,000 more names than that of 1868 ; the
Chicago one, 18,000.
The Universalists have a member in
Bristol, N. Y., who statedly gives to mis
sion work one per cent, of his income.
Ida Lewis receives as many as 75 calls
a day, and visitors embarrass her by com
ing before the breakfast things are cleared
OK
The total valuation of the real and per
sonal property of Nebraska exceeds $40,
000,000. Last year it was $2 2,000,000.
The New York papers say that a lad 16
years of age was arrested for refusing to
support his wife, a girl of 14. They
were married a year ago.
Rev. Dr. Spacldeno is the oldest liv
ing Missionary of the American Board
He is 76 years of age, and has been a
missionary in Ceylon since 1819.
In Great Britain to a population of 24,
363,000 persons, there are 36,200 minis
ters of all denominations, 34,700 churches
and chapels.
A London merchant has been fined
20 and costs for sending five packages of
uunpowder by rail without notifying of
the contents.
The Protestant population in the Aus
train Empire amounts to 3,140,380, of
whom 1,220,083 are Lutherans and 1,912,
247 are of the reformed faith.
In 1868 the consumption of flour in
Paris amounted to 2,000,000 quintals
(456,000,000 pounds), which is equal to
about 615,000,000 pounds of bread.
A citizen ot Belfast, Me., who had not
seen his son for eight years, and supposed
him deajL recognized him as one of the
acroba'.s in a circus which exhibited in
that city a few days ago.
A Cincinnati paper claims that one of
the main reasons why the lied Stockings
have vanquished every base ball oppo
nent is because they use no intoxicating
drinks.
Two New York butchers were the con
testants in a recent calf-dressing match
for $500. The winner dressed five calves
in a superior manner in 292 minutes.
The Prince of Wales has over i'53.000
a year from the Duchy of Cornwall, 40,
000 a year from Parliament, the interest
upon the 500,000 saved during his mi
nority, and if report le true, an addi
tional payment of 40,000 a year recently
made by the Queen for State purposes.
The Hungarian soldiers, by a recent
government order, have been permitted
to work in the harvest fields for a period
of three weeks. Each employer is re
quired to pay to the government three
and a haif kreutzers, or fifteen cents, a
day, for the wear and tear of the clothes
worn by the soldiers.
Ammoniac powder, a new material for
blasting purposes, has been successfully
employed in Sweden. Its properties are
quite remarkable from their inconsistency
with each other. It is said that it com
bines considerable explosive force with a
tardy inflammability ; that it cannot be
exploded by percussion ; and that it does
not deteriorate from the effects of climate.
The Roman Catholics claim in Masaa
chusetts a population of 350,000, who arc
provided with 128 churches, besides S
buildings, 36 chapels and stations, 155
priests, 88 clerical students, I male and 1 1
female institutions, 5 855 scholars in their
2 colleges, 3 lsdies' seminaries and 13 pa
rochial free schools, 5 hospitals, 5 asy
lums with 550 orphans, and 12 benevolent
and charitable institutions.
Doctor Boehm, a celebrated German
surgeon, has just performed the operation
of separating two female children, five
years of age, who were joined together in
the same manner as the Siamese twins.
The German papers state that the opera
tion was at ten. ted with perfect success,
but one of the patients seems to have died
the same day. The survivor is in good
health.
The total Italian population In the
United States varies from 180,000 to 200,
000; more than 35,000 are settled in the
Pacific State; from 12,000 to 15,000 iu
New York ; 10,000 in New Orleans, and
a large number of Italians are equally to
be found in St Louis, Memphis, Chicago,
Philadelphia, Boston, Cincinnati, Louis
ville, and all the large cities in the Union.

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