BURIED IN THE SNOW
fHOLE COUNTRY IN THE GRASP
OF A BLIZZARD.
Storm l'xtends from the Rockies to
the Atlantic (lives the South u
Chill-Roilroads Tied Up-Zero and
liclow Nearly Uvcrywhcrc.
Frij;id Weather Is C.cncral.
has been the con
dition of this coun
try during the past Mick. From the
pastern slope of tlto Rooky Mountain!
even unto the big Allegheny chain on tin
east a storm of snv.- and wind, accom
panied by the celebrated Dakotan icy tem
perature, raged with a ferocity that
struck terror Int 1 1 o- hearts of .ill whoso
misfortune brought them into eontact
with it. It was. in fact, a regular French
revolution of weather, and the pans
culottes of the wild Northwest howled
ia the habitudes of the staid and respect
ables of tho South ami Fast. It was
rcaüy a reign of terror that affrighted
all honest p-.-ople and paralyzed the mo
tives of the (onnnonp'aee. Railroad
abandoned freight trains and passenger
trains were tied up in huso and improva
ble drifts many feet high. One startling
feature of the blizzard was the impar
tiality with whk it swept over the coun
try. It measured out a minus -10 dose
for the Dakotas and nearly killed the
Louisianans by breaking the record at an
even zero. Old Feint Comfort, the fam
ous resort, had the novelty of .1 hard
imowstoiin ami the pan handle of Texas
shivered with the mercury at 5 decrees
below. Omaha was frozen at IS below
end Memphis had an even zero. There
was enough snow on the sugar planta
tions for sleighing. Water was frozen ia
the orange belt, and the scarcity of it in
the Chicago mains suggested a theory
that Lake Michigan was solid to the bot
tom. Peach men in Michigan have aban
doned hopes for their trees.
The storm was general. A blizzard
raged everywhere. It roared like an
Asiatic lion and drove nil human beings
Indoors, where bread and butter did not
demand that they labor in the very teeth
of the monster. Not for many a year
agone has the country suffered so gen
erally what it suffered, last week from
wind, cold and snow. In the cities street
cars were stalled and walking was like
taking one's cars, nose and lips one's
hand, while in the country the wind and
enow swept the earth with such unbroken
Telocity that in places life was endan
gered to face the blast.
As recorded by the Weather Bureau at
Chicago Friday, the average snowfall
was eight inches, with the following
table of temperature:
Bt. Faul ISCiueianati 0
La Crosse MRuffalo 8
Bismarck SOMemphis 0
Williston lOFurt Huron ... 4
Miles City rWDuluth 20
Havre 20Sault 14
Moorhen (1 Klrand Haven.. 8
Bt. Vincent .14 Des Moines ...12
Omaha . . .
. o"2Davci:port . . . . S
. 2iI(,heyonne 12
. ISOswego C
Kansas City . . . lOPittshurj
Concordia IGAlbany 4
Wichita 12Vinnipcg Srt
St. Louis - 2Modicino Hat ..-22
Green Bay 12Cairo 0
Detroit 4Marquotte .... 10
Cleveland 2Alpena 10
Indianapolis . . . 2Dodge City 14
Notes of The Storm.
At Bastrop, La., the mercury fell to
Oklahoma City, O. T., reports a severe
Business was practically suspended at
Iowa Falls, Ia.
At Cedar Rapids, Ia., all freight traffic
A gorge formed in the Ohio river at
Kastern trains due at Dubuque, Ia.,
were all snow-bound.
The Northwestern llailroad is blockad
ed at several points.
Charles Dewester was frozen to death
In the blizzard nt Peoria.
It snowed continuously for thirty-six
hours at Knoxville, Tonn.
Zero was marked at Memphis, Tenn.,
tha coldest weather in thirty years.
William Douglass, a farmer, was froz
i: to death in his barn near Camden, O.
Mexico, Mo., reports the worst bliz
i.trd in its history. Stock is suffering
The 'Frisco passenger train stuck in a
tnowhauk twenty miles east of Winfield,
Thirteen trains were buried in snow
banks within a radius of fifteen miles of
St. Joseph, Mo., reports all trains on
the St. Joseph and 12 rand Island road
Reports from Ashland and other cities
In Wisconsin indicate that the tralhc sit
nation is serious.
The whole of the southern section of
Virginia is covered with snow to a depth
of eight inches.
At Roanoke. Va.. the wind blew a hurri
cane. Street cars were tied up and the
A Itnrlhiton nassen eer train stuck be
low Carthage, Mo., all day. But for the
food furnished by farmers the passen
er would have suffered severely. They
f -i-c-'i ! vf'f the must swore
" d distressing
&yU-r-VxVA blizzards to be
M found in the ro.
M'?&$fcM tho Wen
''V 'W :l-er Dunau.
burned fence rails, old ties, etc., to keep
Patrick McLaughlin laid down in an ice
wagon at Rock ford, 111., to sleep, and was
so badly frozen that he will die.
At Ottawa, Kan., the schools were dis
missed and two children had their feet
frozen. All trains were delayed.
The wind blew forty-seven miles an
hour nt San Antonio, Tex., with ths
thermometer at 12 degrees above zero.
Reports reached Hastings, Neb., that
a whole family in the southeastern part
of the county had perished from cold.
The mercury dropped 40 degrees nt
Jacksonville. Fla. Icicles a foot long
formed at Tallahassee. Vegetables will
A blizzard raged in upper South Caro
lina. Piedmont Belt is covered with
snow and at many points the thermome
ter is down to zero.
The wind blew forty miles an hour at
Benton Harbor, Midi., and railway traf
fic was impeded. Fears are entertained
for the peach buds.
Porter Oden, a farmer living ten miles
wese of Hennessey, O. T., was found
frozen to death on a load of wood that
Le was haulii g to town.
(I. W. Johi.son, nn old citizen of Far-
rsburg, W. Va.. became paralyzed with
the cold on his way home, fell and froze
to death in sight of his hcuso.
The severe cold at Mobile, Ala., will
cause a loss to the vegetable gardeners
ed' hundreds of thousands of dollars. They
give up hope of saving anything.
In New England the cold is intense.
Franeonia, N. II., reports ÖÖ below zero.
At sea the storm was terrific, and the
blinding snow and high wind made the
position of vessels very bad.
Two Santa Fe freight engines were
ditched in a snowdrift near Bed Rock,
O. T. Both engines were wrecked in an
attempt to pass through. Engineer Be
gin and a fireman wore badly hurt.
At Fort Worth, Tex., the weather is
the coldest known for years, the ther
mometer registering " degrees below zero.
Trains from the north were delayed sev
eral hours. Bange cattle are suffering.
Hundreds of oases and barrels of beer,
aggregating in value thousands of dol
lars, have been destroyed by the cold at
Milwaukee within the last few days.
Since the cold snap made its appearance
shipments of beer have almost ceased.
Indianapolis and other natural gaa
towns in Indiana are in a bad way. In
Indianapolis the natural gas supply is
weaker than it has been since the fuel
was pip.ed to the city, and there is a great
deal of severe suffering. There are but
few homes in which the temperature can
be raised above 55.
THE LION OF LONDON.
The Once-Detpisel"Cofiec Cooler" t!ic
Hero of tlic Hour.
The pugilistic hero of the hour in Lon
don is the colored boxer, Frank Craig,
The Harlem Coffee Cooler," who poses
as an Indian prince, who is to marry a
white heiress, it is said, and who pro
fesses to be anxious to meet Peter Jack
son in the arena.
Craig whipped Ted
Pritchard, the Eng
lish champion, with
surprising case and
is now matched to
battle with Frank
1. Slavin. Accord
ing to his late man
ager. Prof. Butler,
', Craig is the greatest
; swell in London. He
h hobnobs with the
nobles and cuts a
1 1 cPiint rt-iuli nn Toluol
' 1 M. -fl
i si reci every uiier-
'.I 11 Aon
Butler waxes elo
quent. "What I
want to do is to
FRANK cnAlo. warn young men
against Jumping suddenly Into promi
nence. It's no good," he said to a New
York reporter the other day. "Just take,
for example, the 'Cooler's' case. He used
to be a modest, well-behaved fellow. Gra
cious alive, look at him now!" and Butler,
holding his hands in the air, shook his
head several times. "It'ö a sight to see
him. You couldn't hand him a ripe peach
on a gold plate now unless you had six
pairs of gloves on."
Craig is 25 years of age and nearly six
feet tall. He is a well-built young ne
gro, and when he first took to boxing
about live years ago a $5 bill for a vic
tory suited him down to the ground. As
many hundreds would now be sneered at
by the rising, or risen, young Harlem
TWO GOVERNORS IN ONE STATE.
Tennessee Is Now Able to Compete
with Her Neighbor, Alabama.
There are two men in Tennessee who
claim to be governor of the State. Gov.
Peter Turney. is holding over pending a
himself and Mr. Ev
ans under a law re
cently enacted by
the Legislature, and
the Hon. II. Clay
Evans has taken the
oath of office nnd is
sion of tho execu
tive quarters at the
who has been gov
ernor for one term.
was tho Democratic u. clay ievansl
nominee in tho li st election and 11 vans
was the Republican candidate. The re
turns sent in fre-m the sheriffs of tho
various counties showed Evans election
by about 700 votes, but the Democrats
claimed that the law requiring a poll-tax
receipt as a condition precedent to vot
ing had been disregarded in East Ten
nessee, and that Turney was elected bv
a plurality of the legal votes. The con
stitution provides that the speaker of
the Senate shall publish the returns In
the presence of the joint assembly of the
legislature, and that the candidate re
ceiving the highest number of voters cast
"shall be governor." Tho Legislature is
empowered by the constitution fc enact
a law for gubernatorial contests, but
that was never done until the present
emergene'y arose, and the law enacted
provides that tho Incumbent governor
shall hold over until the contest is deter
mined. The Manufacturers' Club of Philadel
phia has approved the plan for the forma
tion of a national association of manu
facturers, decided upon at Hie Convention
recently held in Cincinnati, and agreed to
acquire membership in the new league.
t -to mix.,
it ts ti
rÄaAQ () O MoT W k Ko'fljkü I-
W Ä Hipti M$r d Ätp.to ki
WxVSHLNCtTON in camp
QUAINT OLD MANUSCRIPTS
First Year of the Continental Army
General Wj'sliinston'a First Instruc
tions to His Officers and Knlistud
Mcu-Against "Waste of Powder.
Kccord of Daily Life.
There are in the iossosion of David
Proscott Hall, of the Xow York bar, a
series ol quaint tld niauuseript volumes
which look as if thej' had seen rich ser
vice. As they wore written in the camp
of the Continental army during the war
of tho American revolution, sometimes on
the knee of the writer, sometimes on a
drumhead; as they were carried about
from place to place, borne off in hasty
retreats or in forced marches, it must be
confessed that their looks do not belie
them. Nevertheless, the clever eleven
short, siout, sturdy books are in a very
fair state of preservation and are ea.-i!y
legibi save occasionally at the corners,
which are in some places frayed and
worn. When I add that these orderly
books contain the general orders of Wash
ington to his army it will bo seen that
their interest and value are very great.
These orderlv books are in the hand
writing of Colonel Crosvonor. j
On their yellow, time-stained pages one
can trace the record tf Washington's j
daily struggles to organize and oiscipnne
the army, from the day when lie first
took command of it under the spreading
elm at Cambridge. They abound with
the most minute details of the situation,
and give us a photographic picture of the
army and its surroundings, all in the
quaint language and peculiar spelling of
that bygone time. One cannot help smil
ing at these at times, but one hardly
knows whether to smile or weep at the
forlorn condition of oar little army, which
is here so vividly revealed.
Tho loftiness and nobility of Wash
ington's character shine out in these
pages. Uut he ofteMi gives e-xprossion to
his surprise and sometimes to his just
indignation at the conduct of officers and
men, who found it very difficult and dis
tasteful to submit to discipline.
Washington's early experience as a
soldier had taught him the absolute ne
cessity of discipline and obedience, and
he gradually enforced both in the little
army of raw militia, who had to learn
that bravery is not the only qualification
necessary for a soldier.
VasliiiiRtoii'rt First Order.
"Headquarters, Cambridge, July the
"Field ollicer for 'the day to-morrow,
"Field ollicer of the mainguard to-morrow.
"Adjutant of the day, Cibbs.
"(General orders of his Exeelleney Ci en
era 1 Washington, esq., commander-in-chief
of the forces of the united colonics
In North America. That the colonel or
commanding officer of each 'regiment is
ordered forthwith to make two return
of the number of men in their respective
ri'gimeuts, distinguishing those who are
sick, wounded, cr absent on furlough, and
also the quantify of ammunition each reg
On the next day an extensive series of
orders was given.
Returns were to be made by the proper
otlicers of all military and other stores,
including "working tools of all kinds,
tenU and camp kettles."
The wise father of his country thu
urged upon his troops the laying aside of
all sectional spirit:
"Tho Continental Congress having
now taken all the troops of the several
colonies which have been raised and
which may be hereafter raised for the
support and defense of the liberties of
America into their pay and service1, they
are now the troops ef tho United Prov
inces of North America, and it is hoped
that all distinctions of colonies will be
laid aside so that one and the same spirit
may animate the whole and the only con
test be who shall, on this Kreat and tryinjf
occasion, bo of the most essential ser
vice to tho great and common cause in
which wj are all engaged."
Tho seventh order of this day's series
urge tfco officers to keep their men in
"All officers are required and expected
to pay diligent attention to keep their
men neat and clean, to visit their men
often at their quarters they
are particularly to see that they havfe
straw to lie on if to be had and to make it
known if they are destitute of this ar
ticle." And the tenth shows that smallpox,
which in those days, before the discovery
of vaccination, was a terrible scourge,
was not far distant:
"No person whatever is to be allowed
to go to Freshwater a fishing or on any
other oerasion, as there may be danger of
introducing the smallpox into the army."
Scarcity of Powder.
The scarcity of powder was one of the
most distressing wants of the little army,
and we lind it ord ereil in this first Fourth
of July of our national struggle "that
there be no pieces of cannon or small
arms lire-el from any of the lines or else,
where, except in the case of necessary
defense er spee-ial order given for that
purpose." Our men e-ould not afford to
waste a single round of shot or powder,
and this order had to bo repeated more
Notwithstanding all Washington's cau
tion, however, it was found a little later
that the powder was almost exhausted.
The committee of supplies had made a
i-tran go mistake. They had made a re
turn of all the powder collected by the
province, more than three hundred bar
rels, but had forgotten to say how much
of it had already been used up. There
was only enough to furnish nine cart
ridges to each man.
On the 4th of August Washington
wrote to the President of Congress, tell
ing them of this distressing state of
things, and on the same day he issued
"It is with indignation and shame that
the Oenoral observes, notwithstanding
the repealed orders which have been
given to prevent the firing of guns in and
about the camp, that it is daily and
hourly practiced contrary to all orders;
that straggling soldiers practice to pass
the guards and lire at a distance, when
there is not the least probability of hurt
ing their enemies, and by which no otiier
end is answered than to waste their am
munition and keep their own companies
in pregnant and continual alarms, to the
hurt and detriment of overj good soldier,
which is thereby disturbing his natural
ret. and at length will never be able to
distinguish betwe-en a real and false
alarm." After forbidding all persons to
pass the out pcuards without proper au
thorization, and dee'laring that any one
effohding in this way will be considered
as a common enemy, to bo lired npon as
such, the order continues thus: "The col-
ONE OF (i EN ERA L WASHINGTON'S C.ENF.KAL ORDER?
onels of regiments and commanders of
corps are ordered to see to it that the
rolls of every e-ompany be e-alled twice a
day and every man's ammunition exam
ined at evening roll call, nnd such as are
found to be deficient are to be confined."
In either words, some of tho soldiers
of the continental army needed to havo
their stock of powder examined, just as
a boy's pockets need a nightly overhaul
ing by his mother.
To Respect Private Property.
Two days after he attained command,
Washington issued the following order:
"The Oeneral most earnestly recom
mends and requiivs of all the oliie'ors that
tluw be exceedingly diligemt and strict in
preventing all invasions and capture of
private property in their quarters or else
where4, lie hopes and indcenl Hatters him
sedf that eve'ry private soldier will abhor
and detest such practices when ho con
siders that it is for tho preservation of
his own r'ghts, liberty and property and
those of his fellow countrymen: that he
is n iW called into service; that it is nn- j
manly and sulü s the dignity of the pr. at 1
cause in which we are all engaged tr i
violate that property he is called to pro
tect, and especially that it is most cruel
and inconsistent to thus add to the dis
tress of those of their countrymen who
are differing under the iron band of op
pression." Thus, with an eye for eletr.il which re
minds us of Napoleon, did Washington
day after day inspect, exhort, chide and
praise his little army, until the feeble
crescent of his forces grew to be a circlet
of steel about the Iritish army as it lay
in Iloston Town, forcing the proud Lle-n-eral
How e to a precipitate retreat.
Early in March Washington seized up
on rnd fortified Dorchester Heights (now
South Hosten), riding among his troops,
animating and encouraging them, and
reminding them that it was March 5 the
anniversary ef the llostoii massacre'.
The forts poured a heavy cannonade
against our breastworks, but in rain.
We wore masters of the situation, the
power of the F.ritish received a severe
blow, and Washington took possession of
IJostou amid general rejoicing!".
On the birthday of the father of his
country it becomes us all to look back to
those times of early struggles, poverty,
and patriotism, and to remember that
ours is the work to keep the path of pro
gress still the path of patriotism. Flor
ence Mai ion Howe Hall.
IN WASHINGTON'S DAY.JJ
A Tinner at Which a Toast Met with
which was the sent
of the Continental
Congress nnd of
v :-". anecdotes are ore-
S'fg.f served of the men
I -Tf." and ma liners of
QisV?- thos? earlier days
v-- which hare never
found their way into print. A venerable
physician has described a dramalic in
cident in which his father had taken
part. The first blood of the Revolution
had been shed at Lexington; each colony
had voted to raise its poor quota of men,
and in the Colonial Congress, tleorge
Washington, a young member from Vir
ginia, had been appointed to load them to
(n the evening of the same day he was
invited, with Thomas Jefferson. John Ad
ams. Charles Thompson (surnaiued Truth
by the Indians, and probably the list
white man whom they would have s
named), and one or two others to join n
dinner party, given in a "House of Call"
at Oary's Ferry, a picturesque suburb of
The dinner was discussed with gusto
and merriment until the host called upon
his guests to rise, and promised "the
health of Oonoral (Joorge Washington.
Commander-in-Chief of the Continental
Armies." Instead of applause there was
a sudden death-like silence. The Conti
nental Armies were a handful of undisci
plined, unarmed men; opposed te them
was the most powerful nation on earth.
It was the first time that Washington's
position and the desperate venture on
which they had entered had been formu
lated into words. Washington, who had
riseMi smiling, steKd silemt and pale; one
by one the glasses which had boon raised
were set down untouched. Not oac of
the startlcHl men, who held at that mo
ment the destinies of the continent in
their hands, remembered to drink tt
Limps Into Port Eight Days
MÖV1XÜ .MASS OF ICE.
Yet Proceeds Under Her Own
Her :!iic!ii:! ry DlsaMal, ,i;l AH u
Board Are ! ;i fe itoii I.'od ISreaks
Twice o:; th.- Vy Over, at:.l Soerc
Stor-ns J!ii:d- i- HcM iIrs Lyinj for
lloiiM l-i-.Vct !y Ili lpt in ilowl-lalei-
Afi.!vty r Ilor I'o-r-Cfi-t'vrs
GivfH Way it Wild Kejoii'iii;'.
l'r; !. ii
nii.X( : :
! :i ii -
rev 1 1 ; i
vs a i.i ivii'g :.' i:tj
j.:: ss. ;i ,; v. re all :t
:i sitigi:.z :::, ;!i.'t of
; i':.-,s ie Wont to do
ar- sud.h-rdy r-Üevcd
eleek. v. :';i- t: ll;
t'lel.l in i I ih :
when tl - ir i:.ii;d
i !; a v v : r.-i :;
For thlrri 'M:
sixteen days 1
o::e of her
n s of ; voy:'-" i:' ting
;:: !;;;! been disabh-d,
f -'.. i ro.'s l.pvii.g i ;I
on on her third S
hit 4 i) !'(.-;i I.:;
the ve.-:-l v. : ':
i lp'in 1 i:-vre. For
:; !:':!; iV.tefi.J ilord day
': to Wl.i-e tl:" bleak
' d. 1 v. as i ;.i1':'.ra .ivc-
V. ' ru the bfe;;k occUIT:-!.
ly LToo.l v.
but tho st; ;;i;kt : s d-.H-med Jo run into
Some of the nastic.-i of h- r voyage.
When th" bnak had boon repaired t!i
steanier pre-cioded on her way. but under
greatly lcdue.il speed. Wlieii Iiestr the
banks of Newfoundland. La lias -ogne
ran into a gale that increased to hurri
Machinery Freaks Ag;ain.
While off Sable Island the machinery
broke down again, and the steamer was
hove to again, this time for forty-one
hours. I hiring all this periol the ciuinci
did not make a single revolution. Wh n
the second repairs had been made the
strainer started abend once i-i..re under
still further reduced o,r, jind headed
toward the Long Island coast.
It is a remarkab!" t.ici that during the
entire voyage jjcros the Atlantic La Ias
cogne did not wjght a stcnr.i.-r until she
passed one bound for Philadelphia late
Sunday. Lao- Monday afternoon the
French ste;i;ier signaled Fire Lland and
then proceeded t war lSaiidy Hook light
ship. No Panic A:iontr tho Pa-se:it:ers.
While tbe passengers were considerably
worried n account of the delay, there
was never a panic among them. Thcy
knew their ship was stanch, and they had
every confidence in their captain. And.
besides, they knew that the ship was not
totally disabb-d. Hut they wore nervous
and apprehensive at times, and they hail
ed the conclusion of their voyage with
joy. They cheered the captain and tle-y
cheered the crew and they cheered the
tugs that came out t meet them.
The fact that La lascogi. jas vafe
was established by the faf't-aboiit .
o'clock Monday afternoon it was ob
served from the Fire Island light-house
and ai the time was abreast of the Shin-l:eco--k
light, eastward from Fire Island.
The sie.iiner was proceeding slowly, but
had n- signals for assistance displayed.
Ali that was known was that :t .owed
the three red balls. 1 noting that its ma
chinery was disabled, but it could pro
ceed without outside aid. The fact that
two steamers were near the incoming
Frenchman gave r:-:- to the reirt that
La Oascogne was being towed into port,
and as this story passed from mouth to
mouth the condition of the delayed steam
er became greatly exaggerated until if
was generally believed La Oaeogne was
almost a total and helpless wreck. Later
ad vices, however, dispelled all these sup
positions. I 'or not Had C.ivon It tT.
Even as late as
French line agent. Mr. Forget, to his in
timate friends had given up the last ves
tige of hope he bad oneei ning La (I;'s-
e-ogno. lb.it three hours later there came
a rift in the black cbnd of despair, and
the brief message that La tJascogno was
sighted off Fire Island sent a thrill of j -y
through every heart in New York. Tho
bulletins teld the story with exasperating
briefness nnd lack of detail. Hut it was
the fact of safety alone that the people
craved, and this made all rejoice. Agent
Forget for a moment was rendered
speechless, which evidenced how anxious
he had been for tho safety of La tlas
cogne. Then be regained himself and
became wildly hilarious. Ho she'utod.
ran her' and there, grasping the baud of
this one and that one. and fairly jumped
np and down over the ii or in the excite
ment of the inouicnt. Then he put on bis
coat and started for the French line pier
nt the foot of Morton strot. whore a tug
bad been in readiness for days to take
him to meet La Oascogue should it be
The story of the captains of the two
steamers that had overhauled La Ons
cogr.o off the Img Island coast added
nothing to tho sum of (knowledgo of tho
aulul voyage of tho Frenchman The
Washington is a tank steamer of the
Rotterdam Tank Line. The Frenchman,
the Captain says, was moving at aUmt
eight knots an hour. Tho Washington,
itself a slow steamer, came opposite La
Oasoogne. but as no signals were dis
played, and having no knowledge that it
was overdue he staid on his course like
any good skipper would hound for Now
York in stub weather and after such
Can (Jet in Alone.
A couple of hours later up camp the Ho
Iivia of the Anchor line from Oibraltar,
Jan. itself with a hing and teilious
passage to its credit, and it also gave a
critical eye to the slow-going oxpren.-
steamer. Then I -a Oascogne was near
envmgh to Fire Island to make itself
known, and bad up its Hag numbers and
three red balls as well. The Bolivia's
captain saw at a glance his services were
not needed. The signal was to tell the
observer at Fire Island that the machin
ery was disabled, bnt that the steamer
needed no assistance.
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