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THE INDIANA STATE SENTINEL, TUESDAY, JANUARY 0, L874.
TUESDAY, JANUARY 6. Seeing ai how Williams can't have it and Conkling don't want it, Oliver and Tloscoe are said to be devising a plan for the a boll tion of the Chief Justiceship. After thardtfoo duties ot the summer campaign, Lieutenant Colonel irred Dent rant, has been ordered to Washington its disbursing and mustering officer. (iae consolation left for the rejected Wil liams tho president will write him a letter, stronger than Murphy's and warmer than t'oifax'a, and earlier than Carpenter's. Minister Sickles' correspondence with S-retary Fish reveals much delicate sensibll- itis on the part of the General which Iiis countrymen never suspected. lie had heard that these pesky papers had criticised him severely, and, cnlike General Butler, be don't like newspaper criticism. Hence his incontinent vacation of his diaairreeable mission. The Californian paiers relate with some omplacency the fact that Cov.;Booth's trans lation to the Senate will give a real Califor niau the place of Governor for the first time since the erection ol the State. This official to the manor born is the Lieut. Gov. Ro m.inoldo Pacheco, born within the State, and allied to the native Spaniards and Mexicans. Twenty-one millions of the forty-four milliorrs of legal tenders, called reserve by Sectaries Richardson and Rout well, have lieen expended. That is, the currency of the oun try has been increased to that amount. The-oe millions, however, have not gone into th? business of the country. They are ab- sorbed in Robeson's fool naval squander in. 's. A late dispatch says there is a likelihood th.it all chances for an extended internation al squabble between Spain and the United States, in regard to the vexed Vfrginlus question, are pretty definitely settled by the sinking ofthat noble filibustering old craft, stanewhere ofJT the Atlantic coast. At all events the Ossipee, which had the Virginius in tow, arrived at New York late Saturday night all alone, and though rumor was busy with her many tongues, no definite infor mation was received up to the hour of going to press. That was a wise thought which suggested a reunion of the school teachers, principals, superintendents and presidents at the capi tal during holiday week. If comparisons are a safe guide, these annual meetings are growing iu popularity. There are in the crowd ol school people present last week three distinct organizations, or wheels with lii wheels. First, the General Association of State Teachers, second, the Collegiate and Right School Section, consisting of presi dents and principals, and third, the County Superintendents' Association. The last two bodies met last Tuesday at the building of the High School, while the first will con tinue its sessions at the Y. M. C. A. hall. At two o'clock v. M. the Rev. Dr. Cyrus Nutt, President of the State University, will de liver his inaugural address as President elect of the Collegiate Section, at the High School Building. The city is visited by a perfect avalanche of educational literature, yet if persons give no attention they may uwss it all and lose some very good things. A very preity complication is now threat ened. President Cistelar, having quietly submitted to the bullying of the Washing ton war makers, and released the Virginius, now comes forward to demand indemnifica tion tor the insult put upon him by the un founded charges and unjustifiable demands of jts Government. He will demand the re turn of the Virginias and money indemnifi cation for all the trouble tho Spanish Govern ment has becu put to during the complica tion. Thanks to the bungling management at Washington he has the matter in his own hands, the opinion of the Attorney-General alone giving him the needed groundwork for his demands. This position on the part of the Spanish cabinet has revived the rumors of war so assiduously nursed a few Weeks ago, and it is intimated that General 41 rant will be nothing loath to put the ountry at war in order to regain some pf his waning popularity. lie will, conse quently, refuse any reparation under the Spanish demands, fearing that anything like a concession would be recognized by the country and the world as an admission that the recent war preparations were assumed without a shadow of cause. A very spirited meeting ot the District G range of White, Tippecanoe and other counties, was held at Lafayette last Satur day. Tho farmers came out with a platform of principles that ring as sharply, and per haps, a little more so, than any expression that has been made in the State before. They distinctly say th it they do not aim to speak for the Order In this or other States, but the platform is the declaration of that district. They assert tbe tint object in view Is clone and thorocgh organization, so that they may act in concert fr one well defined purpose; they will keep their own counsel, and hold a harp eye on applicants for membership, to e that no wolves in sheep's clothing get inside the Order. They deny emphatically that they are a political party, organized for political purposes, but the object of reform is in "the monster monopoly, railroads," and other leiser lights of that kind. Dis honf-st men in office are warned that the day of retribution i at hand. Resolutions were passed ' opjoe 1 to all land grants and subsidies, tho usual sentiments as to public carriers and transportation are endowed; ?,N', that legislation be ad that will add more currency to tho" country; the pet narne of 'hay seed," "fools," "Oxen Äinell," ''chinch b'ig," etc., they joyfully ac cept ; equity to all is their motto. Resolu tions on the b nking question were adopted which condemn the present banking system as oppressive aud ruinous to the mechanical manufacturing and agricultural Interests, and demanding of congress a banking sys- tem that will equalize labor with capital, and give confidence to the people. The Ilona. G. S. Orth and T. J. Cason, represen tatives, are to have a copy of these ;resolu tiona. The plow makers are attended to, and pledged that until they lake back their odious resolutions passed at Chicago, the grangers wUl not buy of them, or their agents. This district grange is located in the richest agricultural portion of the State, and Includes a powerful community of farmers Their combined action will set aside entirely the significance of the old party organiza tions, and whether they so intend or not, will put a new complexion on politics in the old seventh and new ninth congress dis- trict. 11 !' Jt! It is utterly unjust to the officials of the city and State to represent anything like mutinous, murderous or riotous feeling in or about Indianapolis. (Governor Hendricks and Mayor Mitchell have acted with con summate tact and proprietj'. They have done all that becomes prudent officials In such an emergency; to have done more, would hare boon simply super- serviceable to have done leas, would have been to invite the turbulent elements to outbreaks more or less mischiovious. The tone of the city is as quiet and unapprehen sive as it ever was, and any attempt to cre ate an opposite Impression is an incendiary appeal to the lawless to revolt. Tbe great body of the striking engineers are quiet, law-abiding men, bent only upon a passive protest against what they consider and justly too, a grievous burden, put upon them by the railroads. It is the duty of these men, however, to uphold the lawful authorities by coming to the assis tance of the legal authorities, and frown down the extremeet element among them which siezos this opportunity to in- llge in depredations against the pub lic peace. Tbe city and State au thorities having taken all precau tion against lawlessness, should bo as vigi lant in punishing those who have been guilty of any attempt on the lives or proper ty of the companies. Acts of this sort can not le too severely or promptly punished, and the decent men of the brethern, and by far the greater majority are civil, decent men, should point out tbe criminals and aid the hands ot justice to sieze them. The situation for last Monday may be sum med up briefly. At Logansport it " was found engines had beon tampered with boilers filled with water mixed with oil and soap one engineer injured by stone thrown by striker sixty engines tampered with depot crowded with men and boys Gen. Macauley calls for Chief Thompson and twenty picked men, and 100 Spencer rifles-r: sent the guards all on duty (Jen. Macau ley calls on the Mayor for help Mayor is sues proclamation for dispersing riotous as sembliesto-morrow expected to bo the crisis. With the close of the year 1873, it may be interesting to take a rapid retrospect of the relations which this country holds to the dif ferent nations of Europe, aud also their rela tions with each other. Since the settlement of the Alabama claims. Great Britain and this country have got on smoothly aud ami cably. The Joint Commission for the settle ment of the claims of British subjects against the United States, allowed, a little more than two millions out of an aggregate claim of about ninety-five millions. Great Bri tain's foreign relations are in the main peace- ul, if the Ashantee war be except ed, which though it can have but one issue, may entail the loss of many lives and much treasure, which mlcrht havo been more profit ably expended. In Arabia, likewise, there seemed at one time a possibility that a colli sion wmld result from the encroachments of the Sublime Porte on the territory of the Sultan of Leheg, one of Great Britain's al lies. Her dominions are so wide-spread that collisions at the outposts with jealous powers are well nigh impossible. Notwithstanding the character for steady-going conservatism and inflexible integrity which Great Britain has hitherto enjoyed, the Canadian railway developments have shown a state of legisla tion on the part of the crown and its agents almost unequaled for corruption. In Ger many, the vexed question of Church and State has absorbed every othor. Tbe expul sion of the Jesuits has been followed np by lagLslation which tends to bring the whole of the ecclesiastical machinery under the surveillance of tho State. The pros ecution by the government of Archbishop Ledochowski, shows that the legislation of May last is not a mere form. The late elec tions resulted In-large liberal gains, and cor responding losses to the ultra-montanes. The course of the Pope, too, has had the effect to alienate German Catholics, who are Germans first, and Catho lics afterwards. The late exactions of Ger many on the French government, in regard to the French bishops, while it Is an evidence of Germany's animus, and her power to dic tate terms, is yet to be regretted, as the act will not be forgotten in the day of wrath, which sooner or later will come for France. Tbe entente cordiaie has been strength ened between Germany, Austria and Italy, by the conferences which have taken place during the year be tween the sovereigns of those States. Austria, like her neighbor Prussia, has bean restricting the ultramontanes within nar rower bounds. They have been beaten at the rolls at every turn almost, and this policy has formed the basis of Anstro-IIun-garian legislation. The great international exposition at Vienna, however, ha3, more than anything, calls! public attention to that conntry. That this enterprise was not a success, is due to several causes. First, came the panic in the Vienna bourse in the early part of the year, the depressing effect of which was plainly fell all over Europe, and its outer waves of agitation touched the shores of American finance. Then came the outbreak of cholera which raged with terrible severity iu Vienna during the progress of the fair. Notwithstanding these bad fea tures, the result aa a whole, to Austria, was beneficial. The impetus given toindustries of all kind?, by the exhibition of the best products of the world, can not fail to be in valuable. Russia is destined to figure more and more prominently in the drama of European history. Her record for. the past year shows no event of a startling nature. The chief incident was the Khivan expedi tion, which was coolly planned and delib erately executed with the most signal suc cess. Whether the motive which impelled Russia to the subjugation of Khiva, a petty Khanate in Central Asia, was conquest aud theconementaggrandizement of the territo ry, or only a desire to clean out a nest of rob bers, who from time immemorial liave been the terror of the table lands, and a barrier to commerce between Europe and India the event, in the opinion of most, will Justify the means employed. The approaching nuptials ol Marie Alexandrov- na, daughter of the Czar, to the Duke of Edinburg, second son of Queen Victoria, may be said to be the only other event of general importance in the history of Russia, for the year which has just closed. The country seems to be eminently prosperous, with the single exception of a famine which is raging in the province of Archangel. The people of that section have appealed to the general government for aid. This will in volve an expenditure of not less than eight millions roubles, which is equivalent to about the same number of dollars of our cur rency. With France, the year has been full of events. It Is a country which is great in literature, science, art and arms, and it" is not strange that its varying fortunes and shifting policies should be closely watch ed by the whole world. The administration of M. Thiers came into unpopularity in the beginning of the year. The Extreme Left became alienated from the Government. The contest between Barodet and Remusat for the vacant seat in the Assembly, inaugurat ed a series of defeats which ended in the vir tual deposition of Thiers and the establish ment of McMahon as as the ruler one might almost say the sovereign of France. For though but a tool In tbe hands of the Right, ho is the exponent and representative of roonarchial ideas: The by-play, during the recess of the Assembly, between the Counts dt Chambord and Paris,, and the ultimate "rejection by the former of th6 propositions made him, are inter esting ' and puzzling The blow to the Monarchists was sudden and terrible, but thev had the tact to met it by a clever dodge, and McMahon's term Avas pro longed to bridge the hiatus and give the rep resentatives of feudalism time to gather up their resources and perfect their plans. Yet with the apparent triumph of monarchical ideas, republicanism has made vast strides during the year. The present arrangement can only be regarded as a sort of truce. ng before McMahon's nominal term ex pires, the inevitable contest win recom mence a Utmtrauec. The German indemnity has bceu paid, and the invader has left the soil, which speaks well for the energy and enthusiasm of the French people, who have borne their burdens joyfully to compass this long wished for end. Tbe banishment of Marshal Bazaine, the hero of Metz, forms a rather dark setting to this otherwise fair pic ture, for a feeling of sympathy w ill follow the unfortunate victim of the fickle chances of war. Spain, of all the KuropeanStates has seen the most vicissitudes. Nearly a year ago King Amadeo declined longer to wear a crown that chafed bis gentle brow, and almost Immediately the new republic was heralded with Senor Figueras as its President. His ascendency was brief, and Salmeron and Pi y Margall followed in rapid succession. The terrible uprisings of the communards, or internationalists, which culmiuated in the massacre of Alcoy ou the 12th of July, demonstrate the insecurity of a republic based upon centuries of almost ab solute monarchical rule and the long sway ot a bigoted hierarchy. The people, steeped in the most be nighted ignorance, mistook liberty for license, and gave loose rein to it. The in surrection of Cartagena followed Alcoy, and the conflict of Malaga followed a few days later. Meanwhile the Carlist armies swept the northeastern provinces with fire and sword, and left ruin and desolation in their track. Though the insurrections in the south have been suppressed, Cartagena still holds out, and the Carlist cause shows no signs of weakening. Intimately connected with events in Spain, comes the atrocity at Santiago de Cuba, in which the greater part of the crew of the Virginius were merci lessly butchered by the volunteers, nomi nally in the service of Spain.but really an irre sponsible mob of ruffians, a terror alike to their friends and enemies. The whole history of the terrible affair is so recent, and has been brought home so forcibly to the atten tion of American citizens, that any recapitu lation here is unnecessary. Suffice it to say that complications with Spain which at one time seemed probable, are now happllj' averted, and the Virginius, the apple of dis cord, went down in a gale off Cape Hatteras, while being towed to New York by tke Ossipee. The battle inaugurated In Ger many, also engrosses Italy. While Pius the IX still fills the Pontiff's chair,, the secularization of church property still goes on, and the priest party grows daily weaker. It is a curious anomaly, that in Italy, the cradle of Catholicism and its stronghold for many centuries, the influence of the clergy Is less than in any other European country. All this, notwithstanding protests from the Vatican and encyclicals without eud. The Tope give no signs of giving out soon, notwithstanding his great age and late feeble health, and' it is likely that the end of 1S74 will find him still filling the chair of St. Peter. In Asia, as has al ready been noticed, Khiva has fallen under Russian rule; China has admitted ambas sadors to an interview with the Son of the Sun, which is certainly an advance in 'the light direction. Japan has introduced many American improvements in educa tional methods and in modern machinery for the advancement of industrial interests, agricultural and manufacturing. In British Iudia, a great famine has overshadowed the country like a pall. The remedy will entail an expenditure on the part of the Govern ment of not less than ten millions sterling. The home events of the year may be Bum med up in a sentence, not that they have not been important to many, but becauso they have each made such destinctive marks on the minds of the country that their formal enumeration is not needed. The Credit Mobilier investigation whicü took up the entire session of Con gress until the grab supplemented its corrupt revelations worked a great change In parties. Tho confession of Oakes Amps, and" the leading Republican Congressmen began the work of disintegration, tbe full meaning of which was exhibited in the fall elections. Meantime, while the dominant iarty was shattering itself into fragments by its ex posures of past criniinaities and present baseness new organizations were eprinarinfr up all over the West. Tho hardy workers of the agricultural regions, impressed with the hollow mockery of partisan struggles, of party pledges, had been for a sea son quietly banding toother and finally the strength of the move ment began to be felt. Formed at tirst for self defense against home monopoly, the far mers' organization came in time to stand for an opponent of the bunded partisan power which, in the course of a few years, has suc ceeded in robbing tbe farm of its profits and the farmer of all but his mere subsist ence. In March tbe Congress ad journcd, with a whirlwind of pub lic execration beating upon it. The record from the first day of the session to the last had been a shameless parody on law mak ing. The atrocious lawlessness of the Louisiana outrage, alternated with the de velopments which each day put some loading Republican prostrate in the mire of robbery and chicane, son, Colfax, . Kelley, T)awes, field, Bingham, Logan, Carpenter Wil-Gar-and the rest were in turn inculpated ot taking Oakes Ames' bribes and the tribunal of their fellows after full proof of their guilt dismiss ed the scandal with a censure ou two of the guilty. Tbe beat of public indignation f cleared tho atmosphere, however, somewhat and gave a chance for clear vision when the October elections came on. Mean time the natural sequence of Boutwell's financiering came to pass. He had drained the treasury of all the available gold to put iu the New York market during the cam paign to make the specious pretense of pay ing the public debt, and instead of holding the gold and retiring so much currency. A tremendous crash was the consequence. The government bankers, Jay Cooke fc Co., went to the wall with a crash, and the government was a great many millions the loser, directly and indirectly. With this crash came the panic, from the results of which we are still suffering. But tbe crask brought something more than the panic. It enabled the couc try to get a glimpse at the misman agement aud ignorance prevalent at the national capital. It revealed a depth of pec ulation and incompetency in all the great offices, for which the opponents of the ad ministration were not prepared, and it gave an opportunity for such houest elements as as still remain in the Republican party, to set to work with the knife to cut out abuses., This is the rapid epitome that the historian would give to the past year in this country, the mere events of striking interest to attract public attention. The Modoc massacro and murder of General .Canby; the campaign in the lava beds; the fierce contest with the monopolists iu Cali fornia and the unexpected triumph of the Independants. The Cuban excitement and the attempted repeal ef the salary. These however, are events which do not necessari ly leave permanent results. The others will extend their influences In many years and re-appear in new forms in other and later chronicles of dying years. The action of the greater number of rail roads centering m Chicago is at once a justi fication of the action of the striking engi neers and a criticism on the conduct of those roads which have refused to be bound by the terms of their contract. If the great roads mentioned in tne dispatch see no necessity to ask a reduction of the wages of the engineers, the public can see no good reason why a great aud rich corporation like tle Penn sylvania Central and its flourishing branches should ask these hard-worked and poorly paid men to accept less than the average scale. If the road found it necessary to re duce wages, it could have been made known to the men in time, and consultation could have been held, so that the mis chievous alternative of a strike need not have been forced upon the em giueers. They are not men who delight in impairing the industries of the country, and from all the expressions they have made thus far, it does not look as though they were either malignant or blood thirsty. As to the merits of the controversy the public may properly hesitate to give opinion, but that the railroads are disregard ing the terms of their charters In stopping public traffic, there is no sort of room to doubt. It is the busi ness of the postoffice authorities to demand at every point why the mails are not carried, why the contracts with the government are not kept, and it is further tho busi ness of those who are put to inconvenience and los3 to prosecute the railroads In the civil courts. It would be just as well to learn whether the rail roads are above the law. As the present case stands, the railroads simply declare. We will run so long as we can do it to suit ourselves when we choose to try experi ments In disciplining onr employes, we hold the right to dolt. If they strike we shall let them hold out as long as they choose, and let them go to work when they feel so disposed. If we can stand tbe loss it is no affair of the public That is vir tually the present attitude. An attitude, which rightly forfeits the charter of every road be unable to carry out its agreements. Striking is an unreasonable and outrageous thing in itself, , but is very. Vplain. that however much the nineera ,inay bo at fault, the companies stand before the country aa grasping ' tyrants, who -neither keep faith with the employer? or the public. The companies claim sympathy and support in this contest, clearly theydart not ' have it they are law, breakers andhswerabje to heavy penalties as well a -th-fatfeituxa of their ch-arter.23J their charter. 71 m .. -. . i t WOMEN AND GIRLS. ANNUAL REPORT OF THE STATE RE FORMATORY. RESULT OF THE ENTERPRISE FIRST GENERAL REPORT OPINIONS AND SUGGESTIONS .Or THE HOARD OF VISITOR.- THROUGH FX OOVERSOR BAKER A Q RATIFYING: KXH1BIT. The close of tbe year, which has brought about the completion of this new enterprise of the State and the beginning of its opera tions as a public institution of great impor tance, gives interest to what niy now be sam aoont it, ine board or visitors ap pointed by the Governor, consisting of Ex (Jovernor Baker, Mrs. Rhoda Coffin and Mrs. Addison L. Rosche, have made to the Governor a report, of which the following is a copy: REPORT OF THE BOARD OF YlMTOItS. To J fin fCrrt-Urnc?, 77tfi. ,1. JlendritrJbr, floccruor of Indiana: The undersigned, one of the members of the Board of Visitors of the Indiana Reform atory Institution for Women and Girls, by direction and on behalf of said Board, begs leave respectfully to report that the Board recently visited the Ileformatory and inspect ed the "building and examined into the af fairs of the institution iu the Re form a to rv, as well as the penal, department thereof. There are twenty prisoners in the penal depart ment,nearly all of whom were on t heopening of the institution, on the eighth day of October last, transferred from the Southern Prison at JetTersonville. It was very grati fying to those members of the Board of visi tors who had seen some of these same women in the prisou at JetTersonville, to observe how greatly their condition and surroundings have been improved by the transfer. In the short time of less than three months they seem, judging from their appearance and deportment, to have made considerable pYogress toward the regaining of their own self-respect, which is the first step in the reformation of their lives and characters. The unwomanly vice of tobaceo smokhig, to which they were all addicted to excess, was at once prohibited on their ad mission to the Reformatory, and although much murmuring was for a time the result, the prisoners now seem to be reconciled to this measure ot compulsory reform, and we believe it will be the forerunner of other vol untary reforms that will, in not a few in stances, lead to a restoration of an effaced or lost womanhood. Tbe cells and workrooms ot the prisoners are comfortable and well ventilated, and the women themselves are constantly under the influence of pure womanly'exampies, and the best moral and religious training and influence. There is every reason to hope and believe that not a few of the prisoners will, with such sur roundings and under such influences as are now afforded them, be thor oughly reformed and fitted for useful ness in the world when they shall have regained their liberty. It is already demon strated that woman is competent to govern tbe depraved and desperate of her own sex by womanly measures and appliances, with out a resort to tho rigorous means which are generally supposed to be necessary in prisons governed by men, and intended wholly, or chietly, for male convicts. There are in the reformatory department twenty-one girls, whose ages range froniQen to fourteen years. It is believed at least four-fifths of these can be completely reformed, and become worthy members of society when they are discharg ed. A part of the time of each girl is em ployed in the school room of the institution, and a part devoted to industrial pursuits, the object being to impart the rudiments of a good elementary education, as well as in dustrious habits I o every inmate. rUACIICAL RESULTS. The institution has been too recently opened to say much about practical results; but thus far we have discovered nothing in its management to provoke or justify cen sure. As long as there are so few inmates, the expenses of the institution must un avoidably be comparatively high, and it is to be hoped that the different counties will, in view ot this, avail themselves of the ad vantages of the Institution, by committing to its guardianship some, at least, of the girls which are to be found in every community, who need and are entitled to such guardian ship. It is believed that the people, as yet, do not generally understand that a girl need not be an offender against the penal laws of the State to justify her committal to the guardianship of the re formatory department of this institntion. If tho fact could be generally made known that vagrancy, or incorrigible or vicious conduct on the part of a girl, coupled with the fact that from moral depravity, or otherwise, her parent or guardian is incapable or unwilling to exercise tbe proper care over her, or that she is destitute ot a suitable home and ade quate means of obtaining an honest living, or that she is in danger of being brought up to lead an idle or vicious life, will iustify her committal to the guardianship of the institu--tion, it can not be doubted that many girls, some of them mere children, that are now on the sure road to ruin, would be placed nnder the saving influence of tho reformatory de partment of this institution. There is one defect, as the Board of Visitors believe, in tho law governing the reformatory depart ment of the institution, which ought to be remedied by amendatory legislation. We allude to that portion ol the act which re quires a girl to be under tbe age of fifteen years to justify her committal to tbe reform atory department of the institution, and which compels her discbarge when she at tains the age of eighteen years, whether she is reformed or not. In the judgment of the Board of Visitors, the law should be so amended as to allow the committal of girls up to the age of eighteen years, and so as to justify their detention until twenty-one years of age, if not sooner reformed. In this regard, a reformitory for girls is very differ ent to a reformitory for boys. At the age of eighteen, many boys can not be governed in a reform scnooi witnoui convening it inw a prison, and thereby destroying its reforma tory character; but with girls the case is very different. We therefore submit for the con sideration ef your Excellency the propriety of an amendment of the law governing the institution such as we have suggested, to the end that the attention of the General Assem bly may be directed thereto, if the sugges ion should meet your approval. Respectfully submitted, Conrad Baker, By direction and on behalf of the Board 01 Visitors. December 27, 1873. The reports of the Superintendent, Stew ard and Physician of the Institution have been made to the Board of Managors, and will be incorporated in their report to the Governor, required to be made Dy them to day. They are as follows: superintendent's report. To the Board of Managers of the Indiana Ite formatory Institution for fromcr and Girii: On receiving the appointment, tenth of seventh month, I vislt'jd the penitentiary at Detroit, the better ta understand the work in ns of a model nriFon. Manv similar insti tutions had been visited in Englacd; yet the American character, life and habits einer so widely,' I thought best to have a precedent riatir rmr finM rtr nnsntlnn. - On thn 18th we occupied the unfinished building, the better 10 lupruiicaa Home newwary i-imutjs, buu nrenaro fiMi.lnmotao Tim twelfth of ninth , tlJ .UAVK. - month the Reformatory Department was opened, to case two gins oui oj jan, a moy could be more profitably employed clear ing the rubbish from the new building. The prison department opened on the eighth of tenth month with' seventeen prisoners re ceived from Jeffersonville Penitentiary, ac companied by the Warden, Chaplain and Matron, all of whom feared we would havo trouble, as the moral character of some was below hope, and two were dangerous. Our first great trial was the suppressing of to- bacco. When told they could not use it in any form, gloom and sadness settled like a pall upon them, which taxed all our in genuity to dispel. Our superior accommo dations sank in utter insignificance, anil with little exception they wished themselves back to "old Jetl !' We soon got to work, having reserved washing, sewing and house cleaning tor them, aud, though our rules seemed hard, they have complied more will ingly and cheerfully than we anticipated. There have been four added to the number, and am Riad to state after the completion of tbe laumiry, we were abla to procure wash ing to keep those able employed. Sewing and knitting have been furnished others. Several have been on the w:k list since their arrival. - There are twenty-one girls in the reformatory taught halt the day in a well organized school, the other half devoted to cane-seating chairs and household duties In rotation, borne of the girls are commit ted for larceny, or incorrigible con duct, and the change in aoine of the worst is striking, convincing us, that many of these little waifs go to ruin from surrounding circumstances. We re gret to find tbe ajto fifteen is preventing a large number from entering the reformatory. Having received letters from several coun ties rnalting tho inquiry what steps to take, to commit over fifteen, stating they must go to ruin if not admitted. The only can bo given, The law forbids," and the girl on the brink of ruin is robbed of the care, re straint, education, and proper training th State has so wisely provided for her rescue. ana our expenses are necessarily much larger in proportion to care lor a small fam ily. Our daily religious exercises havo been greatly blessed. Sabbatn school en joyed, and regular services on the Saobatit conducted by the Young Men's Christian Association, who express themselves highly gratified by the apparent change from week to week in the family, and we feel that it is a problem no longer unsolved; that the power of kindness with the religion of Jesus is sufficient to subdue the most hardened. A library is much needed. As the reading prisoners had been supplied with the New York Weekly, interesting -and nrofitablA reading is wanted to supply its place. I can thankfully record that in both departments I am assisted by earnest Christian workers, who labor faithfully lor the temporal and spiritual improvement of thoe under their charge. With gratitude for the kindness with which my uiany wishes have been re sponded to, Respectfully, Sarau J. Smith, Superintendent. reformatory department. Counties lrom which girls were received since the opening of tho institution: Marion. !: Wayne, 3: Parke. 5: Perrv. 1: Flovdl: Johnson, 1; Vigo, 1. Total.il. OXDITION OF INMATES. Number of orphans, S; number of half or phans, 10; number ot parents separated, 2; number whose parents are living, 1; number who can not read, 5; number who read in differently, 11! number who it-ad pretty well, o; number who can write, 5. Then follows a tabular statement giving the name, county, wbei convicted, when received, crime, term and date of sentenco of each of the convicts remaining iu tho penal department at the close of the year. The number in the department is twenty one. Seventeen of thete were broughtrom, the State Prison South, on the 8th of Octo ber last. Their names were published at the time. Of the four since received, ona came by sentence of tho Bartholomew Cir cuit Court, and three are from Marion county. All four were convicted of grand larceny. Two were sentenced for eighteen months, one for two years, and the other for three years. steward's report. The steward's report shows the following account current of the expenses of the In stitution for the past six months: Receipts From State Treasury. $1075 WJ. Disbursements--Expended in July, $167 8."; August, ?282 iS ; Septem her, fciGO 87; October, S1.2Ö0 11; Novemlier, $!40 21; December, ?,02 71. Total $4,0. Oti. Balauua, ?45 SO. It also showt the payment into tbe Treas ury yesterday of $77 DO, on account of earn ings of the prisoners as far as collected. A SUUUESTOX TO UUAllAXTVSS. To the FAitor of the Sentinel; Sir: Thinking it about time something was done toward preparing for the manage ment of an Exposition for 1871, allow me to make the following suggestions, in view of the fact that the regular meeting of the dele gates to the State Board of Agriculture is to be held next Tuesday. Taking tbe success of our first attempt in the way of an Expo sition, the benefit arising from it to the city and city and citizens generally, and the ne cessity of holding it again ; feeling as we all do that to reap the full benefits of the enter prise and outlay of money that a united effort should be rrAde by the citizens generally in connection with "the State Board, I would suggest that the Board of Trade, or the guar antors, select seven gentlemen from the city, two of whom to be selected and recommended to the delegates for election to the Board and the remaining five to be appointed as an Executive Committee to act with the State Board as an Exposition Committee, who will begin the work of preparation for the Expo sition at once, and continue it unril the open ing day. Success in this way will be ceit&in. Unless there is such a movement on the part of our citizens, the chance for a successful show next fall will be very small. We have no doubt but that the State Board will read ily admit such an accession to their manage ment, as the whole State is especially inter ested in the success of the Exposition another season. There is not a business man in this city who is not more or less benefitted by this yearly gathering of people and products. Nor can we afford to lose interest in the en terprise. If the panic h d not interferred at the time it did, the praise ol the Exposition, with its snlendid buildings, would have been in everv man's mout b. They would havo scarcely allowed the thirty days of the Ex- EDsltion in October to close before they would ave been making preparations for the next one. Our peopleb ave been panic sick, but the new year will find us all fully recovered and ready for anything that will build up and make attractive our beautiful city. Expo. Indian atoms, December 30. REAL ESTATE TKASSFERU OF 1S73 AÜTOUSDiyO EX II I HIT. During the year 1S72, there wcrs filed for record in the Marion County Recorder's Office, 6,056 real estate trur.ffrrs, mrving a total consideration of f 16.32t!.3.V.) 73. During the year just closod there were 8,756 deeds filed, with an aggregate consideration ot $32,579,250 76, giving 1873 an excess in num ber of transfers of 2,700, and in considera tion, $16,252,908 03, only $73 441 70 less than one hundred per cent. Tbe computations are made from a daily record of the year, kept by Messrs. I It.fc Dan Martin, real estate dealers of this city, and are perfectly accurate. Columns might be written upon this result, but finures are facts and Rpeak. for themselves. In 1S72, Indianapolis trans actions exceeded thoee of Chicago by $3,000, 000, and St. Louis by S7.000.00u. It will be interesting to make comparisons this year also.