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THE INDIANA STATE SENTINEL, TUESDAY, JANUARY 6, 1874.
TUESDAY, JANUARY C. Encouraged by the impunity with which Brctber-In-law Casey has lorded it over Louisiana, it is now proposed to "loyalixe" Texas, which elected a Conservative ticket a lew weeks ago. Gov. Davis is devising a scheme, based ou Kellogg's plan, by which t Ii election will be proven null and void, and be will proceed to count himself in, a Kellogg did. Tre organ-in-chief in New York guesses that tie Louisiana outrage will be ended by ordering a new election. It learns that "a republican intimately connected" with ex isting complications in that State has given it as his opinion that a new election will be the oc!y way to get out of the illegal usurpa tion cf Durell, Grant, Williams and Casey. Wht a blessed notion of republican Institu tion! The boon that a whole State craved and tLe president insolently denied, is ac corded at the suggestion of a "repu blican" who happens to think it time to cut short an iufomoas conspiracy. An exhilarating Washington newsmonger who jceuerally ferrets outthotrutb, avers that the resident, in conversation with "a gen tleman" Wednesday, expressed himself as quite hocked that any of the supreme judge fhould aspire to the chiet place. He indigubntly refused to nominate any of them lor tho vacant place in the event of Williams' rejection. Their present ioition the president thinks the highest in, the land, and any ambition to change is highly inde corus. The scribe painfully adds: "This 'determination of the president, it is 'thought, will give judge Williams strength 'iu the Senate, and induce some to vote for 'hi !ii iu spite of tho landaulet and Arkansas sandals. If the president will not appoint one of tlie present judge, nor Mr. Kvarts, 'nor Mr. Curtis, some of tlie Senators ask in 'despair, 'Who will ho apjohit, and will he 'not be a worse man thau Williams?' In a short time the anti-pass system of the liiino. railroads will develop its ellects. All the annnai passes are now dead, und none will be renewed by thirteen of the Ic;ulir.g companies in that State. Even the loard of rairV.ay commissioners, special oüi wrs or the State, whose duty it is to inspect tlie reals and carry out the railroad law, wül Lrwe to pay their tare like unoflkial mortals. The blow is a heavy one upon iho clergy, as each road running into Chicago issued about fifteen hundred Laif-fares to this class. Tho exchange passes between :n paries average only five officers: Presi dent, Vizepresident, general superintendent, gehend ireight agent and general ticket aent. It is said Ihe Michigan roads aro in- elirvd to join the com pact. St. Iouis s&aud out. At all events the experiment will have a air trial, and it only remains to wait and nee how the plan works. Thepublicdebtstatementof Monday mom tng'presents quite a contrast with those rotate pictures put forth this time two year ago, when tho present head of the machine was intent on "vindication" that is, reelection. Thun 'we used to hear of reductions at the rate of five millions a month. These little dr ps in tho bucket of the debt were at once hr-M up by the prophets in organdom, and the generosity of the great Grant and the superhuman excellence of the party made known to the world. In the '72 contest weren't we all ordered to vote for Grant be cause he was paying the debt so rapidly, and reducing the taxes and things? But you shall hear none of this now. The grab has i no and the Credit Mobilier has gone, and 'there is no chance to steal at large, and of course the taxes must go up to meet deficits. The figures of increase in the debt are eight and a half millions for this month. Beneii tit and frugal administration? While the investigation of tho Ville du Havre disaster in England linds the captain and crew cf the French steamer culpably caroler and craven coward's, the French Ad miralty Court finds uothingtocensurein the management of the -Villa du Havre, and compliment Captain Surmont especially lor his covd courage and noble conduct in the ordeal. It censures the Loch Erne, more over, for causing the calamity by criminal neglect of duty. The French verdict is eer- tainly ia accordance with all the facts so far brought to light. The captain of the Ville da Havre remained on duty until late in the morning, and only retired to rest a few min utes bvfore the crash. He seems to have rushed to his post without delay, and cer tainly his going down with the vessel and rescue on a Bpar does not look like cowardice or uesclect of duty. The neglect was on the jart of the vessel which crushed Into the Ville du Havre and on the captain who did not stop to rescue the passengers of tho smit ten vessel. The extent to which the. "leaders'' and and "organs" will go in their attempts to tiefend the miserable appointments to office mado by the Präsident, and to lessen tho effect upon the public cf his constantly re curring blunders and stubborn adherence to proven public wrongs, seems to be beyond calculation. Fublic office has come to be recognized as the surest and quickest road to wealth-getting, party fealty and "work" tho means of obtaining office, and strict party discipline the foundation upon w hich hopes ot self-advancement and peculation are built It is now proposed, in order to restore harmony, avert the wound which it is feared the decenter partisans may feel oon trained to inflict upon the presidential feel ings, and to dode the bürde of a vote which a disgraceful nomination has made necessary, to dispense with a chief justice to be appointed asotold entirely, and to let the judges of the court hold the position in turn, as is the case In the Supremo Court of this state. It is unneces sary to argue the grave error of such a pro ceeding. It would perhaps not I claimed that a permanent Chisf Justice is necessary, but the people have had one from the begin ning of the government, and convenience and usage, if nothing else, thould control now. It is a satisfaction to feel that in this country, where public servants are constant ly changing, there is one who holds the office to which highest dignity is attached, who la removable only for bad behavior. But it is the spirit of the proposition which is chiefly to be criticised just now. All re spectable Journals, and all self-respecting people who are familiar with the character and abilities of Mr. Williams, demand the withdrawal of his name from the Senate, or his speedy defeat in that body. If duty and honor and decency were influential in these days, cne or the other would be done. Stub bornness in wrong, party discipline and weak-kneed fear of "party" censure are not what the people want or will have. There was a time in the history of the country when the Senate of the United States had the independence to reject a nomination to this very ofüce made by Washington. And this is said to be a progressive ap;e? .. Mr. Beecher refuses to be bullied out of fellowship with the other congregational societies of Brooklyn. He defines Plj-- moutL Church as an independent organism, but at tho same time entitled to participate in the general observances of the Brooklyn congregational churches. As to the points of objection raised against Plymouth's re cent definition of church law and govern ment, he dismisses that by t he simple as sertion ot perfect independence in all In ternal policy. To this the church formally voted assent, and the Plymouth controversy may be considered at an end, so far at least as the church and its pastor are concerned. The Bowen case was settled in the same meeting by the adoption of the resolution submitted by Bowen a few weeks ago, to the effect that, as he was not guilty ol certaiu scandalous charges against Mr. Beecher, that the pend ing resolution for his expulsion be dismiss ed. This ends, so far as Plymouth Churc h can take action, the Beecber-Boweu-Tilton scandal. Details of the public roblerics perpetrated in high quarters, have become so common place that the revelations of an ex-dork of the Frecfcuian's Bureau, will excite but a languid interest. This ex-clerk's story is interesting only as it reveals the depth and prevalence of the dry rot of corruption. He attests that it was his business to examine vouchers in tho bureau, and passed upon hundreds covering tho cost of carriages and horses for General Howard and his entire statf, and the traveling expenses of attaches off on summer vacations. That the wives of the staff of General Howard figure on a majority of the vouchers as clerks or p.-iid attaches, and that this sort of tjiiug was con tinuous and unchecked. The coachman of General Howard, and lody servants of his chief wfueer were also paid hy the govern ment, and other pleasant lodes of the same kind practiced in the houso of the christian soldier. But then what use to talk of these trifles? They aro such things as mine to puss in all departments of the national gov ernment, and in most of the State .and county governments where partisanship has deep root and continuous sway. These practices go on under tho sign and sanction of our home officials, from the lowest to the highest, excused by organs and ignored l3' those who should trown them down. !en. Macauley's report, submitted to the Governor Saturday, covers the whole o fe cial action of the State and city authorities so far as intervention in the strike went. It is the judgment ot the law-abiding and or derly citizens of the State, that a very threat ening crisis was met, in a sensible, decent and dignified way, and any possibility that there might have been a lawless outbreak was quietly warded off by tho careful action of the State and city authorities. To repre sent any actual purpose of bloodshed on the part of the striking engineers Is manifestly to charge a law-abiding body of men with a criminality they could not be responsible for. It was not to meet the action of the strikers that tho LiOgamqort authorities called tor State ajd. It was to hold in check that lawless element which alouuds in all communities, waiting to take advantage of opportunities to depredate and pillage public and private property. The report of Gen.'Macauley is brief, pointed and sufficient. It explains very accurately the part taken by the governor in the premises, and vindicates, if there were need of vindi cation, the judgment displayed throughout. Called upon by the sheriff of the county, the governor put at his disposal the most effect K m&lerlal at ni, command In charge of an officer of tried capacity, courage and address. There has been a disposition in certain dis reputable quarters to annoy the authorities by small beer fabrications and imbecile lampoons, but such stuff rarely serves even the ignoble pnrpose intend ed. The strike was a protest on the part of decent, intelligent citizens, against what they conceived to be a gross injustice. It was not their fault that the oc casion was seized by a few criminals to waylay the trains or revile tho railroad man agers. It was still less the business ot the State authorities to attempt to overawe the engineers Into forced submission. The au thorities can only deal with criminals when overt acts are committed. ' There is no war rant in the terms of Gov. Hendricks' powr to summon-the militia, or throw any com munity in a state of siege unless actual hos tilities have been begun and a determination evinced to carry them on. It is very greatly to the credit ot Gov, Hendricks and the fair fame of the State, that everything was man age! rather to allay public excitement than to incite disturbances, as the croaking blatherskites would have had. Although this city was the centre ot disaffection, and afforded a better field than anywhere else for a preconcerted outbreak, there was none. Beyond a few skirmishes and one personal attack no blood was shed and no property endangered. It was the purposo ot Mayor Mitchell rather to dissuade the evil disposed from violence than to arouse the apprehen sions . ot the community by war like proclamations and threatening parades of force. He exerted .ev ery energy to make the engineers under stand the necessity ol discountenancing all violence, and his success Is attested by the 1 fact that the striking brotherhood were eager to join hands with bis forces to protect the railroad property. It is easy for irresponsi ble blatherskites to lampoon their betters and fill the air with imbecile ribaldry con cerning the ways and means of meeting a crisis, but the thoughtful who realize the difficulty of upholding the law and guarding the public interest, will approve such sensi ble, conservative and aafe action as that of our city and State authorities. A strike is a difficult thing to deal with, and that the present one has been ended without serious mischief is due as much to the prudence and tact of the responsible authorities as to the good will of the strikers themselves. The various appropriation committees have been at work diligently during the holidays, and they begin to see their way ahead through the appropriations. It is announced, apparently from accurate sources, that the expenditures will be cut down. Economy will te carried into various unaccustomed corners, and the Administration will have a chanco to show how much frugality it can bear for the sake of the tax-payers. General cutting down in the various appropriations has lopped off over $J0,0O0.O0o, and it is cer tain that a rigid search into the executive braucnes of the Government will discover at least half as much more that can be .saved to the treasury. It is now proposed by the majority to stop the wholesale swindling going on in the great departments, wherein horses and carriages are supplied public functionaries at the public expense. This is considered a great hard ship by those superior mortals who were born to rule and liva at the national cost. If, as the Cabinet officers claim, they may keep up great establishments at public expense, why shall not the same rule hold good with all officials? Why shall not the Mayor of the city and the Governor of the State and all tho officials buy and pay for carriages and horses at public expense! A great many public officials fv but then they discreetly cover thoir tracks and make j their larcenies seem presents or speculations, j Tili, however, is pretty small work for such dignified old duffers as Fish and Richardson and the Cabinet officers generally. The President, by some slovenly construction of the law, is allowed to draw ! 30,00 a year as salary, and at the same time deplete the public purse to tho extent of twice that sum for "expenses" in main taining the White House? The ordinary citizen sees no good reason why the presi dout should have his board, and lodging and extras paid tor in this lavish way. If a man can't live on fi."X) a year as Mr. Lincoln did, lie has the ineffable privilege of resigning. There are a great many very honest and capable men who would per form the functions ol president for 25,000 a year and with considerable more satisfaction to the people generally than the present dis tinguished incumbent. For although the American people are sometimes represe nted as coarse and uncultured, there ftre few who agree with General Grant's singular theory of official conduct. It is well known that General Grant holds oliice to b a place be stowed by certain combinations known as parties, for the jersonal and peculiar advantage of ilrst, the oflieo holder, and second, the family, and third, his friends. It is in short the "make" theory which General Grant holds and which the party behind him indorses. Of course, while public place is recognized as a money making operation for the incumbent and his friends, the better class of people are not going to subject themselves to the igno ble imputation by accepting office, and this to a certain extent explains the uniform me diocrity of the men who surround the pres ent administration. A mediocrity which is illustrated perhaps aspointeily intheSeu ato as elsewhere. .Here, there is butone man of the first class constant to the fortunes of the President Senator Conkling. All the rest are second rale Carpenter,Morton, Sher man, Edmunds, Frelinghuysen ana that sort of conspicuous emptiness. In writingthe his tory of Fugland, thjre are certain epochs which project perfect blanks between illus trious reigns. In these the throne was filled by an imbecile Hanover- or an infatuated Stuart, and tho men assembled about them reflected tho shallowness and sordiduess of the monarch. The terms of General Grant will fill a not dissimilar page in American annals, and serve to throw out more boldly the preceding and succeeding administra tions, and as to the preceding, not much can be said for that save by way of con trast. The engineers' strike has brought out some of the war deuiajjoguery on both sides.' Certain monopolist partisans affect to hold the engineers guilty of recklessness and wrung in the whole business. They can see no cause for these men making such pro test as remains to them against the aggres sions and arrogant oppressions of banded monopoly. For ten years the country has been given up more and more to the extor tionate and inordinate demands of the mo nopolists. Vast railroad interests have joined hands in packing the legislatures, packing or buying congress, controlling courts and concentrating all law and power in their own relentlessly unscrupulous hands. It ia very moderate to say that we have an oligarchy in this country more powerful in controlling its destinies, than the absolutism ot the Napo leons. The concentrating of power has been accomplished In many ways. Congress for years answered the beck and call of vast corporations, formed with ostensibly open purposes. Gaining their charters, they nave proceeded to envelope tho West in a net work of roads, and with thotn they have built up aud absorbed the prospering indus tries ot a dozen States. With every grant obtained from the government, they have exacted tenfold in supplemental concessions, until it cime to be a qugvtion whether sev eral of the States were owned by railroad corporations, ore were responsible for thoir own destinies. During all thia time a party has stood as the exponent and defender of these exactions. The people have been voice less and helpless. Monopoly stood with Us paid representatives in congress and in the legislatures, and the rights of the middling or what may be called the productive classes have been ignored. It is useless to assert that the remedy lies and has lain in the hands of the people themselves. It has not. When a time for redress comes the organs of a party becloud the issues aud make trustful followers believe that other issues confront the people. The men who strike, failing to accomplish any check on monopoly, resort to the only remedy left them. It is a cruel resort one that injures both alike, but is the direct result of such legislation as the couutrv ha witnessed lor the lat lew years. There is much uemogogie twaddle about a conflict between capital ai'd labor, encouraged by partisan rogues on oue hand to mislead working men and carried on by workmen in some cases who mistakenly be lieve the falsehood. yith properly adjusted mechanism, there need be no interruption in the inter-dependent relations between labor and capital, Labor is capital, hh much as the ore is gold and its .process inaj be governed by the same reasonable laws of mutation. There is not and never need le a presort to a strike with proper conduct ou tne part of great interests, and that the en gineers should be forced to a temporary sus pension of labor is a final stigma upon the grasping and imbecile management of the great corporations by the reckless people who have hold of them. The very fact that a few only of the railroads have been put to the disturbance ol their relations and loss of traffic is conclusive evidence that tho roads in trouble have acted without faith both to the public aud their employes. Apropos of Miss Bates' handsome bewiest to the ior of this city, the will of the Balti more millionaire, is a strikiug illustration of the good that may be done by thoughtful givers. Mr. Hopkins, whose life was a lesson of fair dealing and philanthropic generosity, leaves in his will bequests w hich will hold his name in the minds ot his fel low citizens, so long as tho city lasts. He was not a formal member of a church, but in his daily life carrying out the principles of Christianity, in his death ho followed the same broad scheme, and made the jKor, the sick, the ignorant and helpless of tho city his heirs. His estate U valued at nearly f 10, 000,000. Hi magn!ilcent home of Clifton, containing 400 acres near tho city, ito be the site of a university, with a law, medical. .classical and agricultural school, endowed with about $3,000,000. Thirteen acres of land in the city is devoted to a free hospital for 400 patients, complete in all it appointments for the sick of tha city, and in some cases of the State, without respect to age, sex or color. The endowment is Sd.ooO.ooO, and the work is to be legun immediately. In its design it will compare favorably with the celebrated hospitals of England and Franc?. Fnder the same trut; but with buildings to Ikj placed on other ground, is embraced a colored orphan asylum for tlie maintenance and education of colored orphan children. For the support of this Mr. Hopkins left property valued at J,txX),000, from which an income of $120,ooo Is derive 1. Another trust is a convalescent hospital iu the country, whence the patients may be moved from the free hospital in the city as soon as relieved from their maladies, where they may recruit their strength before returning to their accustomed labors. In connection with the hospital atraining school for nurses will le established according to the plans of Florence Nightingale. Such nurses are to be paid out of the trust funds, aud when skilled in their duties are free to exercise their professions wherever their services may be engaged by the general vmmunity. Near the hospital in the city is an enclosure of thirteen acres, lor a free park to all who choo.se to enter, the grounds to be finished with walks, fountains and seats and cared for by a fund devoted to it. Mr. Hopkins never married, but to his rola-! tives he left generous jortions of his for- j tune. The bulk of it, however, was dis-' tributed in the manner dfscrilxKl, and one item of his will is to the effect that ifanyf his heirs dispute the will or are dissatisfied with it, that the portion conveyed to such one who shall raise the dispute is to be taken from him and revert to the ".lohn Hopkins Universitv," which received a major portion of the estate. The news from Spain means more than the bare details indicate. Castelar has been d prived of control. The discordant elements in the cortes have shifted asain, and having shown their incompetency to appreciate a wise, capable and tyrant ruler, the deputies have been dispersed at tho point of the bay onet. Gen. Pavia, who is represented as the friend of Castelar, plays the leading part in this coup d'etat, and it remains to be seen whether he does it in the interest of himself. Lis iriend, or a fac tion. Friends of self-government will see nothing hopeful in this result of a great promise. Had the republicans of Spain acted with moderation and consistency Spain could have been rescued permanently from the degradation of kingcraft. The poj ular mind seemed ripe for the endowment of liberty, and the edifice was begun with all the argurles of success. With the death of Prim and the abdication of tlie young Italian king, the prospects of tho republio seemed secure. The tur bulent element, as in all social up heaval came to the front and obtaining a working majority in the cortos, they have reared and razed a dozen governments within the year. Castelar has held place longer than any of his predecessors, and has held it solely because of his surpassing fit ness for the position. The meager sketch of yesterday's results is not sufficient to baso much comment on. Of Pavl, it is only known that he has bc?n In the confidence of the republican leaders. He served with Prim in the campaign against the Carlist, and had command of a division in the Mexi can contingent in 1S61 The Virginia City Enterprise Rays: Mrs. Van Colt, the fat., fair and powerful preacher, has been reviving the Methodists of Nevada, and many who were not,Mothodlts. She goes around among ifrw-TOngregatiouujging all who have fiof-done stytoj r nn- iv camp. iii.3"tia4 preached a corpto -: mich imprest Shoulder said in the vineyard . . , be replied look Ins upVv "1 ty.wGrkln in c Stj ( 1 THE STRIKE. ASPECT OF AFFAIRS FRIDAY. EXQIXEKRS NOT A WHIT SHAKEN' THEY SEE DISCORD IN THE PAX nANDLE RANKS THE NEW 0ENERAL MANAGER NEW8 FROM OTHER POINTS ENTHUSIASTIC MEETINO YESTERDAY AFTERMOON THE RAILROAD COMPANY COMPLACENT. The strike, so far as this city is concerned, continues in a passive state, the strikers maintaining their fixednes-? of purpose, and tile railroad company bending every energy to carry on their business with whatever "scabs" they can pick up to run their en gines, without receiving from or making any com-essions to tneir former engineers. The engineers, however, represent their cause as assuming a more hopeful ajeet than at any previous time, The reported appointment of Judge Jewel as Geneal Manager, in place ot McCullough, has had the tendency to raise their spirits to a considerable extent, as they seem to think it is an evident indication that one result of the strike is a breach in the workings of the company. Besides this the Brotherhood insist lhatthcie will bo a general strike on other roads soon. It is a fact conceded by even the company's em ployers at this point that there is a univer sal sympathy among all the unions, and especially anions the brotherhood of other roads, for the strikers. The engineers claim that the interests ot the traveling public re quire the operations of these lines of rail road, and the safety of the public demands that they be operated by responsible and eifi cient engineers; that it is impossible to ac de to these requirements without the ein loyment of the strikers, and uion this rests tne ultimate success of their tsiuse. The en gineers have had messengers from Cincin nati, Bradford and Logansport, who report everything favorable lor tho cause at those points. These men tell thesamestory that has already been related by the engineers here, that the company are running what trains they do at those places, with a class of men that are totally unfit to. serve as engineers, and as a result there is a destruction of en gines aud projiertv which is scarcely equalled by the value of the freight they carry. Five engines are reported by these men to have been destroved or burnt out on the Logans port division within the last three da3s. A" meeting was held by the Brother hood at the Machinists' and Black smiths' Hall in the afternoon and was addressed by Mr. Febrenhncli, Gen. Macau ley, Judge Kliioit, the Messrs. Kahn and Pressley, of the City Council, and Mr. John Wallace. They all'extended their sympathy to the engineers iu their present strike, encouraging them in their efforts to break up the monopoly which has lieen oppressing them. Mr. Feh'renbach and Judge Elliott told them that the existing trouble ought not to le considered as oue alone to the re duction of wages; but that a greater griev ance was the treatment of their committee by tho company when they went to lay their grievances betöre them. The meetiug was a very enthusiastic one ana gave great encouragement to the engineers to persist in thoir purposes. Last evening MrT John Lester, an engineer from Logansport, made a few remarks to his brethren. He said that the engineers and firemen at Logansport were as solid as the rock of Gibraltar in their purpose to hold out, and would not give up, if need be, until Irom starvation tlifiv were hauled out of town; and then it would be said of them: "Good and faithful servant, thou hat donn well," etc. But there was no question as to their success, which sooner or later would come to them, and crown their eliorts. A XKW YEAK'S SKKM0X. HOME THOl'OHTS WORTH TIIINKINO AMI ACT ixa i'pon. Says the Xew York Tribune: It is hardly our province to add to the wermons which the season calls out. But if politics are banished from tho pulpit ami religion from secular newspapers, where is the relation ship between thorn to be made good? How can two be atrrced unless they sometimes walk together? Or will our readers tell us there is and ought to be no kinship between them? That is the creed upon which the great mass of our religious ipulation act. Our neishlor Johnston is not only an honest but a devout man. J le brings up his children in the fear and admonition of the Lord. He carries the principles of instie. which the Savior taught, into his ininutt dealings with his customers, and II is mercy into every dole or kindly word he gives to the poor. Into his share of social lite, and study of science or literature, even into ms recrea tion, he takes these great truths, and orders his beliefs and actions by them. But the moment he approaches his duty as a citizen, Christian principles aro thrown aside aseuete and impracticable, luther he votes orengi- ' 1 'j ' n - ' - (1'- diency of the present moment, or else he washes his hands of the whole unclean busi ness. He will sit by the hour bemoaning that "politics are hopelessly corrupt ;" that the city, State or National Oovernnient is iu the hands of men ready and willing to be bought to favor any iniquitous scheme of peculation;-that tne elections in ma cities are carried by fraud, and are virtually con trolled by the basest class of ioliticians and the element of rutlianism which they bring to bear on the ballot-box. Yet he and thousands of his kind decline to interfere. They are content to sit tranquilly groaning, day after day, over their newspaper and the depravity of their fellow men. Sheer indo lence is the motive power with most of them in their inaction. They dread the shame, the bruit of unearthing corruption. "Stir not up muddy water," is their favorite max im. But witn many the deterrent cause is the weight of an ofheeheld by themselves or their friends. Whoever knew the bolder of an office to turn against the party which had given it to him, however corrupt? Why sbonld we oust any bribe-taker or heap re proach on him, when he "spoke a kind word to get Bill "in the custom uocsk," Or to "send Dave as consul to the South Saas?" Honesty has weight in public men, doubtless, yet our own bread and butter ou the other scale make it kick the beam. This sort of reasoning may do for the poor mor tals who profess no religion. But is it suQi cient for those who ostensibly lollow the ex ample of Him whose actions will to-morrow be expouuded in countless pulpits through out tno land? Now if Christianity means anything at all it means honesty. It menus clean hands. It means fearlessness in dut . And if a Christian owes any duty to hi neighbor, it is that he shall choose men to make the laws and execute them who have at least not been branded as thieves, liars and perjurers. It is that he shall use what little strength and influence he has to keep our elections from becoming an exhibition 01 the powers of the most brutal moljocracy ; our Judiciary clear of at least open bribery, and Congress from such disclosures as those of the lai and present sessions. The de vout man who ker.ns himself aloof from politics and poli'.icians, inwardly thank ing God he is. not as these men, is in his place cleary derelict in duty. Kightet n hundred year.s ago this very question w.s tried before "the Jewish public Their sut- frages wer e asked, as now, whether to choobe as their ruler the embodiment of Justice, honesty and the highest law of humanity. or to bf .riilce Him lor a man punnciy oranu ed as r. felon. Jesus, as king of the Jews, woul' i have been iust as inconvenient, just as a ntacronistic to old precedents and old pre) udices, as Jesus controling in spirit our PVZt ballot boxen, our courts or congress. The Jews had his office to lose, his warm little income to sacrifice before he could subscribe to the faith ot a teacher who bade him sell all that he had and give to the poor. Conse quently he preferred that matters should continue comfortably as they were. Let Jesus be crucified out of the way, and Bar abbas, whose habita had grown into one of the institutions ot the country, be released. Now, as then, the old question is asked, 44 Will yon have this Man to rule over you?'' And we. like the Jews, reply, "Not this man, but Barabbas." W hat does it matter to us that "Barabbas is a robber?' WASHINGTON WASTE. A sroOESTTVK KXHIRIT OK EXTRAVAGANCE A TKODIOIOIS NUMBER OF SHALL ARTICLES paid ron. A Washington correspondent of the Tri bunos writes: While some of the Senators and Representatives who are pending the recess of Congress in Washington are mous ing about in the departments and suggesting reductions in the annual estimates, or in quiring into the expenditure of the contin gent fund, some of those at the other end of the avenue are reciprocating by overhauling the contingent accounts of the . legislatve branch of the government to see if a little of the economy which meml)ers preach to the departments can not lie exercised at the capitol. Beginning with the Senate, they find that the estimates for the contingent ex penses of that body, exclusive of expendi tures lor fuel, clerks and capitol police, amount to 871,110. Of this, the estimate for stationery for commit tees and ollicers of the Senate is 0,000; that for horses and carryalls, $3.000; folding docu ments and materials, fS,Nl; labor, 16,0o0; furniture and repairs, f 12,000. and for mis cellaneous items, exclusive of labor, Jfio sou Of this 10.0i0 there was nominally pett during the last fiscal year, when the" Senate was in actual session less than four months, for stationery and irewgpajers furnished to Senators ie rsonally, f 9.047 42, or 122 1T7 for each Senator. It would naturally be sup posed that such a sum as this would pay for all the stationery and newspapers that each Senator desired," and this supposition 1s strengthened '-y the fact that almost every one commuted a part of his stationery al lowance and received on this account cash varying in amount from a lew cents to f IV). But an examination of the stationery ac count of the committees show that a great many articles were furnished to the com mittees for which Senators, in their odicial capacity as members of those committees, could have no use, and that of other articles the amount far exceeded what could legiti mately li used in tranaactingeominon busi ness. He are some or the moht strikiug items in the two accounts: " Number of envelopes furnNhed to Sena tor ou nc'oiint f person! stationcrv... 3,!imi Nmnber furtii-.lied committees -j'jjQ -x Total . äm Or U,l 4 for each Senator. If the Govern ment paid for an e'iual number or envelopef for each member of the House, the aggregate nuralier was so great as to make it unneces sary for the Republican Campaign Commit tcoto have purchased any envelopes for the documents they sent out of Washington iu the Tall of lsT'i This single item may help to explain the surplus fund which, the Na tional Kepuhlicaii Committee found in its hands after the election the Government paid for the envelopes a3 well as for the folding and postage of the Presidential cara- Cftign document. The envelopes must have een used in this way or they were stolen, for not one-half of 4i",loo wero used for the public and private business of seventy-four Senators. Of writing pper there was fur nished to Senators for their personal u-e iS.S reams, and to com mil tees UQ,i reams, making in all 7'Ui.i reams, or 14,730 quires. This would give to each Senator about lh) quires of writing paper. There were charged to the Senate committees iTTO pocket knives and 15t pair of shears and scissors, or two pocket kuives and oue pair of scissors to each Senator and committee clerk, besides sixty-four knives and fifty-three pairs ol scissors for distribu tion among the oDieers ot the Senate. The number of metallic pens furnished the Sen ate committees was 39,3TiO, or .VJ.S metallic pens for each Senator and committee clerk. Besides these the committees had "40 boxes of quill pens, and a numler of yold and rut ber pens, a few thousands of lead pencils, and and gold toothpicks. Among other ar ticles furnished the Senate committees wer the followirts: Thirteen visiting card plate enravftd, 1"7 jiscks printed visiting cards, 147 'packs plain visiting cards, PJ5 pocke' books and 219 ink standi. Commit! e-s have 110 use for visiting card, or plates engraved to print them fmra, ana the honest way for Senators would be to pay for those they have out of their personal stationery allowance. Two hundred and nineteen inkstands would furnish every Senator and committee clerk with two and leave enough to supply the ollicers of the Senate. When all .re supplied uce with inkstand it is hard to f-oe why an equal number has to be bought during tho suc ceeding jear. And vet the Government pays every j-ear for them '200 to .ino inkstand for the use of the Senate committees. What becomes )f them all? It is becoming the settled conviction of all those who honestly desire to reduce the expenses of theGov ernment,? that while thebig "jobs" and "steals" must le watched and promptly de feated, th little leaks, both at the capitol and in the departments, must alao be stop ped. I 1 Tho Springfield Republican gives a sketch of the Chinese working in a shoe shop in that city j Watching them at work they soeined not greatly unlike American shoe makers, though appearing more quick and deft of hand. A glance at their quarters. however, marks them of a different race. The sleeping bunks, ranged in tiers on all sides of a half dozen rooms, remind one of chicken toops at a country tair. Rude at tempts :i papering with picture papers indi cate a slfcbt inculatiou of American ideas. but the sloeiunEr rooms look more liko a col lection of dos kennels or overgrown dove cotes than places for human habitations. Ia the kitcten the visitor may find half a doxen "Chinee cooks, perhaps just serving up tho dinner cf central dishes of meat, vegetables and pouto made into one grand potpourri. and a large bowl of rice on every table, with side disles of fish at every plate, set ont on Dlain beard tables, without a. suspicion of tablecloths or napkins, nothing Iwsido tho dishes ad food, in ract, except tne inevita ble choi sticks. Mrs. luey D. Fisk, the widw and execu trix of the notorious Jim F?k,tLe "Graml Duke" f New Ycrk, han filed a petition in the Unl?d States iimut tourtm uinctn- nati. sat s the Commercial, agamst the Car mers l!cMVont.fc" awl IM an i nrers .Toint Stock "ire Insurance Comp my of Miami v V-J " " - - -------- - VallevJ of Hamilton, Ohio, 10 recover the sum o twelve thousand at d fifty dollars, policy ot insurance upon a lot of 11 pon OD&ra bouse fixtures destroyed by the fire in. the Drnk ana marDie uuuuintr oninesoutn ideoffwenty-lourtb strm. Me York, ad joining but not cwDuecling with the Fifth Avenur iioieu i-v , j.-ij., iS me i torneySor Mrs. Fisk The Pope's encyclical waa read In all tha Romai Catholic churches of London on a rvcent Sunday, and by desire of Archbishop Mann ig the faithful were at 1 he same tima lor ma I y warned that thoMjwho dispute or deny ie definition of tho infallibility of the Itouifl 1 Pontifi" ot impiv;n the decrees and dogrrtlticai constitutions of the late Vatican Counld incur the penalties an aching to tne nin ojheiesy, and are iu dauger of being ex-comtiunicated.