OCR Interpretation

The Indiana State sentinel. [volume] (Indianapolis) 1868-1895, January 06, 1874, Image 4

Image and text provided by Indiana State Library

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87056600/1874-01-06/ed-1/seq-4/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 4

Encouraged by the impunity with which
Brctber-In-law Casey has lorded it over
Louisiana, it is now proposed to "loyalixe"
Texas, which elected a Conservative ticket a
lew weeks ago. Gov. Davis is devising a
scheme, based ou Kellogg's plan, by which
t Ii election will be proven null and void,
and be will proceed to count himself in, a
Kellogg did.
Tre organ-in-chief in New York guesses
that tie Louisiana outrage will be ended by
ordering a new election. It learns that "a
republican intimately connected" with ex
isting complications in that State has given
it as his opinion that a new election will be
the oc!y way to get out of the illegal usurpa
tion cf Durell, Grant, Williams and Casey.
Wht a blessed notion of republican Institu
tion! The boon that a whole State craved
and tLe president insolently denied, is ac
corded at the suggestion of a "repu blican"
who happens to think it time to cut short an
iufomoas conspiracy.
An exhilarating Washington newsmonger
who jceuerally ferrets outthotrutb, avers that
the resident, in conversation with "a gen
tleman" Wednesday, expressed himself as
quite hocked that any of the supreme
judge fhould aspire to the chiet place. He
indigubntly refused to nominate any of
them lor tho vacant place in the event of
Williams' rejection. Their present ioition
the president thinks the highest in, the land,
and any ambition to change is highly inde
corus. The scribe painfully adds: "This
'determination of the president, it is
'thought, will give judge Williams strength
'iu the Senate, and induce some to vote for
'hi !ii iu spite of tho landaulet and Arkansas
sandals. If the president will not appoint
one of tlie present judge, nor Mr. Kvarts,
'nor Mr. Curtis, some of tlie Senators ask in
'despair, 'Who will ho apjohit, and will he
'not be a worse man thau Williams?'
In a short time the anti-pass system of the
liiino. railroads will develop its ellects.
All the annnai passes are now dead, und
none will be renewed by thirteen of the
Ic;ulir.g companies in that State. Even the
loard of rairV.ay commissioners, special oüi
wrs or the State, whose duty it is to inspect
tlie reals and carry out the railroad law,
wül Lrwe to pay their tare like unoflkial
mortals. The blow is a heavy one upon iho
clergy, as each road running into Chicago
issued about fifteen hundred Laif-fares to
this class. Tho exchange passes between
:n paries average only five officers: Presi
dent, Vizepresident, general superintendent,
gehend ireight agent and general ticket
aent. It is said Ihe Michigan roads aro in-
elirvd to join the com pact. St. Iouis s&aud
out. At all events the experiment will have
a air trial, and it only remains to wait and
nee how the plan works.
Thepublicdebtstatementof Monday mom
tng'presents quite a contrast with those
rotate pictures put forth this time two year
ago, when tho present head of the machine was
intent on "vindication" that is, reelection.
Thun 'we used to hear of reductions at the
rate of five millions a month. These little
dr ps in tho bucket of the debt were at once
hr-M up by the prophets in organdom, and
the generosity of the great Grant and the
superhuman excellence of the party made
known to the world. In the '72 contest
weren't we all ordered to vote for Grant be
cause he was paying the debt so rapidly, and
reducing the taxes and things? But you
shall hear none of this now. The grab has
i no and the Credit Mobilier has gone, and
'there is no chance to steal at large, and of
course the taxes must go up to meet deficits.
The figures of increase in the debt are eight
and a half millions for this month. Beneii
tit and frugal administration?
While the investigation of tho Ville du
Havre disaster in England linds the captain
and crew cf the French steamer culpably
caroler and craven coward's, the French Ad
miralty Court finds uothingtocensurein the
management of the -Villa du Havre, and
compliment Captain Surmont especially lor
his covd courage and noble conduct in the
ordeal. It censures the Loch Erne, more
over, for causing the calamity by criminal
neglect of duty. The French verdict is eer-
tainly ia accordance with all the facts so far
brought to light. The captain of the Ville
da Havre remained on duty until late in the
morning, and only retired to rest a few min
utes bvfore the crash. He seems to have
rushed to his post without delay, and cer
tainly his going down with the vessel and
rescue on a Bpar does not look like cowardice
or uesclect of duty. The neglect was on the
jart of the vessel which crushed Into the
Ville du Havre and on the captain who did
not stop to rescue the passengers of tho smit
ten vessel.
The extent to which the. "leaders'' and
and "organs" will go in their attempts to
tiefend the miserable appointments to office
mado by the Präsident, and to lessen tho
effect upon the public cf his constantly re
curring blunders and stubborn adherence to
proven public wrongs, seems to be beyond
calculation. Fublic office has come to be
recognized as the surest and quickest road
to wealth-getting, party fealty and "work"
tho means of obtaining office, and strict
party discipline the foundation upon w hich
hopes ot self-advancement and peculation
are built It is now proposed, in order to
restore harmony, avert the wound which it
is feared the decenter partisans may feel oon
trained to inflict upon the presidential feel
ings, and to dode the bürde of a vote
which a disgraceful nomination has made
necessary, to dispense with a chief justice to
be appointed asotold entirely, and to let the
judges of the court hold the position
in turn, as is the case In the
Supremo Court of this state. It is unneces
sary to argue the grave error of such a pro
ceeding. It would perhaps not I claimed
that a permanent Chisf Justice is necessary,
but the people have had one from the begin
ning of the government, and convenience
and usage, if nothing else, thould control
now. It is a satisfaction to feel that in this
country, where public servants are constant
ly changing, there is one who holds the
office to which highest dignity is attached,
who la removable only for bad behavior.
But it is the spirit of the proposition which
is chiefly to be criticised just now. All re
spectable Journals, and all self-respecting
people who are familiar with the character
and abilities of Mr. Williams, demand the
withdrawal of his name from the Senate, or
his speedy defeat in that body. If duty and
honor and decency were influential in these
days, cne or the other would be done. Stub
bornness in wrong, party discipline and
weak-kneed fear of "party" censure are not
what the people want or will have. There
was a time in the history of the country
when the Senate of the United States had the
independence to reject a nomination to this
very ofüce made by Washington. And this
is said to be a progressive ap;e?
Mr. Beecher refuses to be bullied out of
fellowship with the other congregational
societies of Brooklyn. He defines Plj--
moutL Church as an independent organism,
but at tho same time entitled to participate
in the general observances of the Brooklyn
congregational churches. As to the points
of objection raised against Plymouth's re
cent definition of church law and govern
ment, he dismisses that by t he simple as
sertion ot perfect independence in all In
ternal policy. To this the church
formally voted assent, and the
Plymouth controversy may be considered
at an end, so far at least as the church
and its pastor are concerned. The Bowen
case was settled in the same meeting by
the adoption of the resolution submitted by
Bowen a few weeks ago, to the effect that, as
he was not guilty ol certaiu scandalous
charges against Mr. Beecher, that the pend
ing resolution for his expulsion be dismiss
ed. This ends, so far as Plymouth Churc h
can take action, the Beecber-Boweu-Tilton
Details of the public roblerics perpetrated
in high quarters, have become so common
place that the revelations of an ex-dork of
the Frecfcuian's Bureau, will excite but a
languid interest. This ex-clerk's story is
interesting only as it reveals the depth and
prevalence of the dry rot of corruption. He
attests that it was his business to examine
vouchers in tho bureau, and passed upon
hundreds covering tho cost of carriages and
horses for General Howard and his entire
statf, and the traveling expenses of attaches
off on summer vacations. That the wives of
the staff of General Howard figure on a
majority of the vouchers as clerks or p.-iid
attaches, and that this sort of tjiiug was con
tinuous and unchecked. The coachman of
General Howard, and lody servants of his
chief wfueer were also paid hy the govern
ment, and other pleasant lodes of the same
kind practiced in the houso of the christian
soldier. But then what use to talk of these
trifles? They aro such things as mine to
puss in all departments of the national gov
ernment, and in most of the State .and
county governments where partisanship has
deep root and continuous sway. These
practices go on under tho sign and sanction
of our home officials, from the lowest to the
highest, excused by organs and ignored l3'
those who should trown them down.
!en. Macauley's report, submitted to the
Governor Saturday, covers the whole o fe
cial action of the State and city authorities
so far as intervention in the strike went. It
is the judgment ot the law-abiding and or
derly citizens of the State, that a very threat
ening crisis was met, in a sensible, decent
and dignified way, and any possibility that
there might have been a lawless outbreak
was quietly warded off by tho careful action
of the State and city authorities. To repre
sent any actual purpose of bloodshed on the
part of the striking engineers Is manifestly
to charge a law-abiding body of men with
a criminality they could not be responsible
for. It was not to meet the action
of the strikers that tho LiOgamqort
authorities called tor State ajd. It was to
hold in check that lawless element which
alouuds in all communities, waiting to take
advantage of opportunities to depredate and
pillage public and private property. The
report of Gen.'Macauley is brief, pointed and
sufficient. It explains very accurately the
part taken by the governor in the premises,
and vindicates, if there were need of vindi
cation, the judgment displayed throughout.
Called upon by the sheriff of the county, the
governor put at his disposal the most effect
K m&lerlal at ni, command In charge of an
officer of tried capacity, courage and address.
There has been a disposition in certain dis
reputable quarters to annoy the authorities
by small beer fabrications and imbecile
lampoons, but such stuff rarely serves
even the ignoble pnrpose intend
ed. The strike was a protest on
the part of decent, intelligent citizens,
against what they conceived to be a gross
injustice. It was not their fault that the oc
casion was seized by a few criminals to
waylay the trains or revile tho railroad man
agers. It was still less the business ot the
State authorities to attempt to overawe the
engineers Into forced submission. The au
thorities can only deal with criminals when
overt acts are committed. ' There is no war
rant in the terms of Gov. Hendricks' powr
to summon-the militia, or throw any com
munity in a state of siege unless actual hos
tilities have been begun and a determination
evinced to carry them on. It is very greatly
to the credit ot Gov, Hendricks and the fair
fame of the State, that everything was man
age! rather to allay public excitement than
to incite disturbances, as the croaking
blatherskites would have had. Although this
city was the centre ot disaffection, and
afforded a better field than anywhere else for
a preconcerted outbreak, there was none.
Beyond a few skirmishes and one personal
attack no blood was shed and no property
endangered. It was the purposo ot Mayor
Mitchell rather to dissuade the evil disposed
from violence than to arouse the apprehen
sions . ot the community by war
like proclamations and threatening
parades of force. He exerted .ev
ery energy to make the engineers under
stand the necessity ol discountenancing all
violence, and his success Is attested by the
1 fact that the striking brotherhood were eager
to join hands with bis forces to protect the
railroad property. It is easy for irresponsi
ble blatherskites to lampoon their betters
and fill the air with imbecile ribaldry con
cerning the ways and means of meeting a
crisis, but the thoughtful who realize the
difficulty of upholding the law and guarding
the public interest, will approve such sensi
ble, conservative and aafe action as that of
our city and State authorities. A strike is a
difficult thing to deal with, and that the
present one has been ended without serious
mischief is due as much to the prudence and
tact of the responsible authorities as to the
good will of the strikers themselves.
The various appropriation committees have
been at work diligently during the holidays,
and they begin to see their way ahead
through the appropriations. It is announced,
apparently from accurate sources, that the
expenditures will be cut down. Economy
will te carried into various unaccustomed
corners, and the Administration will have a
chanco to show how much frugality it can
bear for the sake of the tax-payers. General
cutting down in the various appropriations
has lopped off over $J0,0O0.O0o, and it is cer
tain that a rigid search into the executive
braucnes of the Government will discover at
least half as much more that can be .saved
to the treasury. It is now proposed by the
majority to stop the wholesale swindling
going on in the great departments,
wherein horses and carriages are
supplied public functionaries at the public
expense. This is considered a great hard
ship by those superior mortals who were
born to rule and liva at the national cost.
If, as the Cabinet officers claim, they may
keep up great establishments at public
expense, why shall not the same rule hold
good with all officials? Why shall not the
Mayor of the city and the Governor of the
State and all tho officials buy and pay for
carriages and horses at public expense!
A great many public officials fv but then
they discreetly cover thoir tracks and make
j their larcenies seem presents or speculations,
j Tili, however, is pretty small work for such
dignified old duffers as Fish and Richardson
and the Cabinet officers generally. The
President, by some slovenly construction
of the law, is allowed to draw
! 30,00 a year as salary, and at the same
time deplete the public purse to tho extent
of twice that sum for "expenses" in main
taining the White House? The ordinary
citizen sees no good reason why the presi
dout should have his board, and lodging
and extras paid tor in this lavish way. If a
man can't live on fi."X) a year as Mr.
Lincoln did, lie has the ineffable privilege of
resigning. There are a great many very
honest and capable men who would per
form the functions ol president for 25,000 a
year and with considerable more satisfaction
to the people generally than the present dis
tinguished incumbent. For although the
American people are sometimes represe nted
as coarse and uncultured, there ftre few who
agree with General Grant's singular theory
of official conduct. It is well known that
General Grant holds oliice to b a place be
stowed by certain combinations known
as parties, for the jersonal and
peculiar advantage of ilrst, the oflieo
holder, and second, the family, and
third, his friends. It is in short the "make"
theory which General Grant holds and
which the party behind him indorses. Of
course, while public place is recognized as a
money making operation for the incumbent
and his friends, the better class of people are
not going to subject themselves to the igno
ble imputation by accepting office, and this
to a certain extent explains the uniform me
diocrity of the men who surround the pres
ent administration. A mediocrity which is
illustrated perhaps aspointeily intheSeu
ato as elsewhere. .Here, there is butone man
of the first class constant to the fortunes of
the President Senator Conkling. All the
rest are second rale Carpenter,Morton, Sher
man, Edmunds, Frelinghuysen ana that sort
of conspicuous emptiness. In writingthe his
tory of Fugland, thjre are certain epochs
which project perfect blanks between illus
trious reigns. In these the throne was filled
by an imbecile Hanover- or an infatuated
Stuart, and tho men assembled about them
reflected tho shallowness and sordiduess of
the monarch. The terms of General Grant
will fill a not dissimilar page in American
annals, and serve to throw out more boldly
the preceding and succeeding administra
tions, and as to the preceding, not much
can be said for that save by way of con
trast. The engineers' strike has brought out
some of the war deuiajjoguery on both sides.'
Certain monopolist partisans affect to hold
the engineers guilty of recklessness and
wrung in the whole business. They can see
no cause for these men making such pro
test as remains to them against the aggres
sions and arrogant oppressions of banded
monopoly. For ten years the country has
been given up more and more to the extor
tionate and inordinate demands of the mo
nopolists. Vast railroad interests have
joined hands in packing the legislatures,
packing or buying congress, controlling
courts and concentrating all law and power
in their own relentlessly unscrupulous
hands. It ia very moderate to say
that we have an oligarchy in this
country more powerful in controlling its
destinies, than the absolutism ot the Napo
leons. The concentrating of power has been
accomplished In many ways. Congress for
years answered the beck and call of vast
corporations, formed with ostensibly open
purposes. Gaining their charters, they nave
proceeded to envelope tho West in a net
work of roads, and with thotn they have
built up aud absorbed the prospering indus
tries ot a dozen States. With every grant
obtained from the government, they have
exacted tenfold in supplemental concessions,
until it cime to be a qugvtion whether sev
eral of the States were owned by railroad
corporations, ore were responsible for thoir
own destinies. During all thia time a party
has stood as the exponent and defender of
these exactions. The people have been voice
less and helpless. Monopoly stood with Us
paid representatives in congress and in the
legislatures, and the rights of the middling
or what may be called the productive classes
have been ignored. It is useless to assert
that the remedy lies and has lain in the
hands of the people themselves. It has not.
When a time for redress comes the organs of
a party becloud the issues aud make trustful
followers believe that other issues confront
the people. The men who strike, failing to
accomplish any check on monopoly, resort
to the only remedy left them. It is a cruel
resort one that injures both alike, but is
the direct result of such legislation as
the couutrv ha witnessed lor the lat lew
years. There is much uemogogie twaddle
about a conflict between capital ai'd labor,
encouraged by partisan rogues on oue hand
to mislead working men and carried on by
workmen in some cases who mistakenly be
lieve the falsehood. yith properly adjusted
mechanism, there need be no interruption
in the inter-dependent relations between
labor and capital, Labor is capital, hh much
as the ore is gold and its .process inaj be
governed by the same reasonable laws of
mutation. There is not and never need le a
presort to a strike with proper conduct ou
tne part of great interests, and that the en
gineers should be forced to a temporary sus
pension of labor is a final stigma upon the
grasping and imbecile management of the
great corporations by the reckless people
who have hold of them. The very fact that
a few only of the railroads have been put to
the disturbance ol their relations and loss of
traffic is conclusive evidence that tho roads
in trouble have acted without faith both to
the public aud their employes.
Apropos of Miss Bates' handsome bewiest
to the ior of this city, the will of the Balti
more millionaire, is a strikiug illustration of
the good that may be done by thoughtful
givers. Mr. Hopkins, whose life was a
lesson of fair dealing and philanthropic
generosity, leaves in his will bequests w hich
will hold his name in the minds ot his fel
low citizens, so long as tho city lasts. He was
not a formal member of a church, but in his
daily life carrying out the principles of
Christianity, in his death ho followed the
same broad scheme, and made the jKor, the
sick, the ignorant and helpless of tho city
his heirs. His estate U valued at nearly f 10,
000,000. Hi magn!ilcent home of Clifton,
containing 400 acres near tho city, ito be the
site of a university, with a law, medical.
.classical and agricultural school, endowed
with about $3,000,000. Thirteen acres of land
in the city is devoted to a free hospital for
400 patients, complete in all it appointments
for the sick of tha city, and in some cases of
the State, without respect to age,
sex or color. The endowment is
Sd.ooO.ooO, and the work is to be legun
immediately. In its design it will compare
favorably with the celebrated hospitals of
England and Franc?. Fnder the same
trut; but with buildings to Ikj placed on
other ground, is embraced a colored orphan
asylum for tlie maintenance and education
of colored orphan children. For the support
of this Mr. Hopkins left property valued at
J,txX),000, from which an income of $120,ooo
Is derive 1. Another trust is a convalescent
hospital iu the country, whence the patients
may be moved from the free hospital in the
city as soon as relieved from their maladies,
where they may recruit their strength before
returning to their accustomed labors. In
connection with the hospital atraining school
for nurses will le established according
to the plans of Florence Nightingale. Such
nurses are to be paid out of the trust funds,
aud when skilled in their duties are free to
exercise their professions wherever their
services may be engaged by the general
vmmunity. Near the hospital in the city is
an enclosure of thirteen acres, lor a free
park to all who choo.se to enter, the grounds
to be finished with walks, fountains and
seats and cared for by a fund devoted to it.
Mr. Hopkins never married, but to his rola-!
tives he left generous jortions of his for- j
tune. The bulk of it, however, was dis-'
tributed in the manner dfscrilxKl, and one
item of his will is to the effect that ifanyf
his heirs dispute the will or are dissatisfied
with it, that the portion conveyed to such
one who shall raise the dispute is to be taken
from him and revert to the ".lohn Hopkins
Universitv," which received a major portion
of the estate.
The news from Spain means more than the
bare details indicate. Castelar has been d
prived of control. The discordant elements
in the cortes have shifted asain, and having
shown their incompetency to appreciate a
wise, capable and tyrant ruler, the deputies
have been dispersed at tho point of the bay
onet. Gen. Pavia, who is represented as the
friend of Castelar, plays the leading part in
this coup d'etat, and it remains to be seen
whether he does it in the interest
of himself. Lis iriend, or a fac
tion. Friends of self-government will
see nothing hopeful in this result of a great
promise. Had the republicans of Spain
acted with moderation and consistency
Spain could have been rescued permanently
from the degradation of kingcraft. The poj
ular mind seemed ripe for the endowment
of liberty, and the edifice was begun with
all the argurles of success. With the death
of Prim and the abdication of tlie young
Italian king, the prospects of tho
republio seemed secure. The tur
bulent element, as in all social up
heaval came to the front and obtaining a
working majority in the cortos, they have
reared and razed a dozen governments
within the year. Castelar has held place
longer than any of his predecessors, and has
held it solely because of his surpassing fit
ness for the position. The meager sketch of
yesterday's results is not sufficient to baso
much comment on. Of Pavl, it is only
known that he has bc?n In the confidence of
the republican leaders. He served with
Prim in the campaign against the Carlist,
and had command of a division in the Mexi
can contingent in 1S61
The Virginia City Enterprise Rays: Mrs.
Van Colt, the fat., fair and powerful preacher,
has been reviving the Methodists of Nevada,
and many who were not,Mothodlts. She
goes around among ifrw-TOngregatiouujging
all who have fiof-done stytoj r nn-
iv camp. iii.3"tia4
preached a corpto -:
mich imprest
Shoulder said
in the vineyard . . ,
be replied look Ins upVv
"1 ty.wGrkln in c Stj
The strike, so far as this city is concerned,
continues in a passive state, the strikers
maintaining their fixednes-? of purpose, and
tile railroad company bending every energy
to carry on their business with whatever
"scabs" they can pick up to run their en
gines, without receiving from or making any
com-essions to tneir former engineers. The
engineers, however, represent their cause as
assuming a more hopeful ajeet than at any
previous time, The reported appointment
of Judge Jewel as Geneal Manager, in place
ot McCullough, has had the tendency to raise
their spirits to a considerable extent, as they
seem to think it is an evident indication that
one result of the strike is a breach in the
workings of the company. Besides this
the Brotherhood insist lhatthcie will bo a
general strike on other roads soon. It is a
fact conceded by even the company's em
ployers at this point that there is a univer
sal sympathy among all the unions, and
especially anions the brotherhood of other
roads, for the strikers. The engineers claim
that the interests ot the traveling public re
quire the operations of these lines of rail
road, and the safety of the public demands
that they be operated by responsible and eifi
cient engineers; that it is impossible to ac
de to these requirements without the ein
loyment of the strikers, and uion this rests
tne ultimate success of their tsiuse. The en
gineers have had messengers from Cincin
nati, Bradford and Logansport, who report
everything favorable lor tho cause at those
points. These men tell thesamestory that has
already been related by the engineers here,
that the company are running what trains
they do at those places, with a class of men
that are totally unfit to. serve as engineers,
and as a result there is a destruction of en
gines aud projiertv which is scarcely equalled
by the value of the freight they carry. Five
engines are reported by these men to have
been destroved or burnt out on the Logans
port division within the last three da3s.
A" meeting was held by the Brother
hood at the Machinists' and Black
smiths' Hall in the afternoon and was
addressed by Mr. Febrenhncli, Gen. Macau
ley, Judge Kliioit, the Messrs. Kahn and
Pressley, of the City Council, and Mr. John
Wallace. They all'extended their sympathy
to the engineers iu their present strike,
encouraging them in their efforts to break
up the monopoly which has lieen oppressing
them. Mr. Feh'renbach and Judge Elliott
told them that the existing trouble ought
not to le considered as oue alone to the re
duction of wages; but that a greater griev
ance was the treatment of their committee
by tho company when they went to lay their
grievances betöre them. The meetiug
was a very enthusiastic one ana
gave great encouragement to the
engineers to persist in thoir purposes.
Last evening MrT John Lester, an engineer
from Logansport, made a few remarks to his
brethren. He said that the engineers and
firemen at Logansport were as solid as the
rock of Gibraltar in their purpose to hold
out, and would not give up, if need be, until
Irom starvation tlifiv were hauled out of town;
and then it would be said of them: "Good
and faithful servant, thou hat donn well,"
etc. But there was no question as to their
success, which sooner or later would come
to them, and crown their eliorts.
ixa i'pon.
Says the Xew York Tribune: It is hardly
our province to add to the wermons which
the season calls out. But if politics are
banished from tho pulpit ami religion from
secular newspapers, where is the relation
ship between thorn to be made good? How
can two be atrrced unless they sometimes
walk together? Or will our readers tell us
there is and ought to be no kinship between
them? That is the creed upon which the
great mass of our religious ipulation act.
Our neishlor Johnston is not only an honest
but a devout man. J le brings up his children
in the fear and admonition of the Lord. He
carries the principles of instie. which the
Savior taught, into his ininutt dealings
with his customers, and II is mercy into
every dole or kindly word he gives to the
poor. Into his share of social lite, and study
of science or literature, even into ms recrea
tion, he takes these great truths, and orders
his beliefs and actions by them. But the
moment he approaches his duty as a citizen,
Christian principles aro thrown aside aseuete
and impracticable, luther he votes orengi-
' 1 'j ' n - ' - (1'-
diency of the present moment, or else he
washes his hands of the whole unclean busi
ness. He will sit by the hour bemoaning
that "politics are hopelessly corrupt ;" that
the city, State or National Oovernnient is iu
the hands of men ready and willing to be
bought to favor any iniquitous scheme of
peculation;-that tne elections in ma cities
are carried by fraud, and are virtually con
trolled by the basest class of ioliticians
and the element of rutlianism which they
bring to bear on the ballot-box. Yet he and
thousands of his kind decline to interfere.
They are content to sit tranquilly groaning,
day after day, over their newspaper and the
depravity of their fellow men. Sheer indo
lence is the motive power with most of them
in their inaction. They dread the shame,
the bruit of unearthing corruption. "Stir
not up muddy water," is their favorite max
im. But witn many the deterrent cause is
the weight of an ofheeheld by themselves or
their friends. Whoever knew the bolder of
an office to turn against the party which had
given it to him, however corrupt? Why
sbonld we oust any bribe-taker or heap re
proach on him, when he "spoke a kind word
to get Bill
"in the custom uocsk,"
Or to "send Dave as consul to the South
Saas?" Honesty has weight in public men,
doubtless, yet our own bread and butter ou
the other scale make it kick the beam. This
sort of reasoning may do for the poor mor
tals who profess no religion. But is it suQi
cient for those who ostensibly lollow the ex
ample of Him whose actions will to-morrow
be expouuded in countless pulpits through
out tno land? Now if Christianity means
anything at all it means honesty. It menus
clean hands. It means fearlessness in dut .
And if a Christian owes any duty to hi
neighbor, it is that he shall choose men to
make the laws and execute them who have
at least not been branded as thieves, liars
and perjurers. It is that he shall use what
little strength and influence he has to keep
our elections from becoming an exhibition 01
the powers of the most brutal moljocracy ;
our Judiciary clear of at least open bribery,
and Congress from such disclosures as those
of the lai and present sessions. The de
vout man who ker.ns himself aloof from
politics and poli'.icians, inwardly thank
ing God he is. not as these men, is in
his place cleary derelict in duty. Kightet n
hundred year.s ago this very question w.s
tried before "the Jewish public Their sut-
frages wer e asked, as now, whether to choobe
as their ruler the embodiment of Justice,
honesty and the highest law of humanity.
or to bf .riilce Him lor a man punnciy oranu
ed as r. felon. Jesus, as king of the Jews,
woul' i have been iust as inconvenient, just
as a ntacronistic to old precedents and old
pre) udices, as Jesus controling in spirit our
PVZt ballot boxen, our courts or congress. The
Jews had his office to lose, his warm little
income to sacrifice before he could subscribe
to the faith ot a teacher who bade him sell
all that he had and give to the poor. Conse
quently he preferred that matters should
continue comfortably as they were. Let
Jesus be crucified out of the way, and Bar
abbas, whose habita had grown into one of
the institutions ot the country, be released.
Now, as then, the old question is asked,
44 Will yon have this Man to rule over you?''
And we. like the Jews, reply, "Not this
man, but Barabbas." W hat does it matter
to us that "Barabbas is a robber?'
paid ron.
A Washington correspondent of the Tri
bunos writes: While some of the Senators
and Representatives who are pending the
recess of Congress in Washington are mous
ing about in the departments and suggesting
reductions in the annual estimates, or in
quiring into the expenditure of the contin
gent fund, some of those at the other end of
the avenue are reciprocating by overhauling
the contingent accounts of the . legislatve
branch of the government to see if a little of
the economy which meml)ers preach to the
departments can not lie exercised at the
capitol. Beginning with the Senate, they
find that the estimates for the contingent ex
penses of that body, exclusive of expendi
tures lor fuel, clerks and capitol
police, amount to 871,110. Of this, the
estimate for stationery for commit
tees and ollicers of the Senate is 0,000; that
for horses and carryalls, $3.000; folding docu
ments and materials, fS,Nl; labor, 16,0o0;
furniture and repairs, f 12,000. and for mis
cellaneous items, exclusive of labor, Jfio sou
Of this 10.0i0 there was nominally pett
during the last fiscal year, when the" Senate
was in actual session less than four months,
for stationery and irewgpajers furnished to
Senators ie rsonally, f 9.047 42, or 122 1T7 for
each Senator. It would naturally be sup
posed that such a sum as this would pay for
all the stationery and newspapers that each
Senator desired," and this supposition 1s
strengthened '-y the fact that almost every
one commuted a part of his stationery al
lowance and received on this account cash
varying in amount from a lew cents to f IV).
But an examination of the stationery ac
count of the committees show that a great
many articles were furnished to the com
mittees for which Senators, in their odicial
capacity as members of those committees,
could have no use, and that of other articles
the amount far exceeded what could legiti
mately li used in tranaactingeominon busi
ness. He are some or the moht strikiug
items in the two accounts: "
Number of envelopes furnNhed to Sena
tor ou nc'oiint f person! stationcrv... 3,!imi
Nmnber furtii-.lied committees -j'jjQ
Total . äm
Or U,l 4 for each Senator. If the Govern
ment paid for an e'iual number or envelopef
for each member of the House, the aggregate
nuralier was so great as to make it unneces
sary for the Republican Campaign Commit
tcoto have purchased any envelopes for the
documents they sent out of Washington iu
the Tall of lsT'i This single item may help
to explain the surplus fund which, the Na
tional Kepuhlicaii Committee found in its
hands after the election the Government
paid for the envelopes a3 well as for the
folding and postage of the Presidential cara-
Cftign document. The envelopes must have
een used in this way or they were stolen,
for not one-half of 4i",loo wero used for the
public and private business of seventy-four
Senators. Of writing pper there was fur
nished to Senators for their personal
u-e iS.S reams, and to com mil tees UQ,i
reams, making in all 7'Ui.i reams,
or 14,730 quires. This would give to
each Senator about lh) quires of writing
paper. There were charged to the Senate
committees iTTO pocket knives and 15t pair
of shears and scissors, or two pocket kuives
and oue pair of scissors to each Senator and
committee clerk, besides sixty-four knives
and fifty-three pairs ol scissors for distribu
tion among the oDieers ot the Senate. The
number of metallic pens furnished the Sen
ate committees was 39,3TiO, or .VJ.S metallic
pens for each Senator and committee clerk.
Besides these the committees had "40 boxes
of quill pens, and a numler of yold and rut
ber pens, a few thousands of lead pencils,
and and gold toothpicks. Among other ar
ticles furnished the Senate committees wer
the followirts: Thirteen visiting card plate
enravftd, 1"7 jiscks printed visiting cards,
147 'packs plain visiting cards, PJ5 pocke'
books and 219 ink standi.
Commit! e-s have 110 use for visiting card,
or plates engraved to print them fmra, ana
the honest way for Senators would be to
pay for those they have out of their personal
stationery allowance. Two hundred and
nineteen inkstands would furnish every
Senator and committee clerk with two and
leave enough to supply the ollicers of the
Senate. When all .re supplied uce with
inkstand it is hard to f-oe why an equal
number has to be bought during tho suc
ceeding jear. And vet the Government
pays every j-ear for them '200 to .ino inkstand
for the use of the Senate committees. What
becomes )f them all? It is becoming the
settled conviction of all those who honestly
desire to reduce the expenses of theGov
ernment,? that while thebig "jobs" and
"steals" must le watched and promptly de
feated, th little leaks, both at the capitol
and in the departments, must alao be stop
ped. I
Tho Springfield Republican gives a sketch
of the Chinese working in a shoe shop in
that city j Watching them at work they
soeined not greatly unlike American shoe
makers, though appearing more quick and
deft of hand. A glance at their quarters.
however, marks them of a different race.
The sleeping bunks, ranged in tiers on all
sides of a half dozen rooms, remind one of
chicken toops at a country tair. Rude at
tempts :i papering with picture papers indi
cate a slfcbt inculatiou of American ideas.
but the sloeiunEr rooms look more liko a col
lection of dos kennels or overgrown dove
cotes than places for human habitations. Ia
the kitcten the visitor may find half a doxen
"Chinee cooks, perhaps just serving up tho
dinner cf central dishes of meat, vegetables
and pouto made into one grand potpourri.
and a large bowl of rice on every table, with
side disles of fish at every plate, set ont on
Dlain beard tables, without a. suspicion of
tablecloths or napkins, nothing Iwsido tho
dishes ad food, in ract, except tne inevita
ble choi sticks.
Mrs. luey D. Fisk, the widw and execu
trix of the notorious Jim F?k,tLe "Graml
Duke" f New Ycrk, han filed a petition in
the Unl?d States iimut tourtm uinctn-
nati. sat s the Commercial, agamst the Car
l!cMVont.fc" awl IM an i nrers .Toint
"ire Insurance Comp my of Miami
v V-J " " - - -------- -
VallevJ of Hamilton, Ohio, 10 recover the
sum o
twelve thousand at d fifty dollars,
policy ot insurance upon a lot of
11 pon
OD&ra bouse fixtures destroyed by the fire in.
the Drnk ana marDie uuuuintr oninesoutn
ideoffwenty-lourtb strm. Me York, ad
joining but not cwDuecling with the Fifth
Avenur iioieu i-v , j.-ij., iS me i
torneySor Mrs. Fisk
The Pope's encyclical waa read In all tha
Romai Catholic churches of London on a
rvcent Sunday, and by desire of Archbishop
Mann ig the faithful were at 1 he same tima
lor ma I y warned that thoMjwho dispute or
deny ie definition of tho infallibility of the
Itouifl 1 Pontifi" ot impiv;n the decrees and
dogrrtlticai constitutions of the late Vatican
Counld incur the penalties an aching to tne
nin ojheiesy, and are iu dauger of being ex-comtiunicated.

xml | txt