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THE INDIANA STATE JgENTI NE L, T UESDAY 'JANUARY- 12 1875
Day in ard day out ...
I dream of what my love's abont:
He toils his shining field to reap;
lie strays to watch bis lambkin- s.ecp
On upland pastures warm and fair
In the wild flower air.
All bla thought are free;
Ho may t iey be. ...
I love him 'cause I love mm.
And so he loveth me.
Kan up and sun down
IJve l love's own fairy crown.
I walk by streams where lilies blow
Where tha scarlet cardinals glow,
And see above my true love pas
Thiough the seeding grass.
Me he doth not see;
HoHhall It be.
I love him 'cause I love him.
And o he loveth me.
NEWS AND GOSSIA
A snow white deer was kilefjear Siat-
1 ersvilJe, Ga., last week.
Fairmonnt Park, Philadelphia, consists of
a compact demesne of two thaisand three
hundred acres. '
The railroad interests of tbt country have
now a new organ in the P.ailvay Worl J, the
first number ol wntca a?A jrst appearru
The New York middle dw promise to
ouit stealinc. abandon the devil- and live
honettlv iu the future, "if only Western
freight will be out there ca usual.
The prestdeut f the Geeria railroad gave
a. dozen et r loas of wood to the poor of
A'egu?ta?or a holiday rresent. That cor
jKnationnas a Leart of Kood at least.
"MatCa-Matlng" ra the title ot a para
.graph a Potter's American Monthly. The
monrrtof wood annually consumed in the
manufacturer)! matches in the Unitcdtstatea
is 4W,'!rOO cutrlc yartls.
All the dofaultinpofficera of the "United
States treascry, according to Secretary Brs
tow, -are to Ye prosecuted to conviction.' This
willneeeiwt'.ate a very material -enlargement
of the penitentiaries. ' ' ' '
TLe editcr of theChristiari Union declares
that the netion of eternal damnation has
about died out of tfce churches. His editorial
to that effect has kindled quite a blaze. It
beats thiegs up extensively to try to put hell
out. Qua tp a large number are interested in
bat instctution yet.
A deF.cately moulded Enrflishman is
spoken cf by the1 Liverpool Post, who lately
made a wager 'that he would bite a toad's
(head ofT, eatac ounce tm'ni-ö tobacco, and
follow thi- up with three raw potatoes. The
'bet wa th9 price of the tobacco and two-
. gallons of beer, which he easily won.
A 'fatal specimen of the "dugong" the
aquatic mam! which prebafcly gave rise Co
the fabulous stories about mermaids has
been received by Prof. Wilder, of Cornell
University. 1; was sent Ircia Australia, and
will probably be added to "the university
museum, if the purchase money can bb
spared from the lund appropriated forsech
Tha managiuient of tfce tLake Shore rail
way have fust promulgated an order -de
claring iu future - the company will not re-
tam in their employ men in the habb. of
sie e intoxicating li-qnors as a beverage,
rrd the frequenting of places where the same
is retailed w;i be considered prima lacieovi-
accce of its csa, and disctarge will folio:.
In themiast of the service in the Roman
Catholic Cathedral in Ealtimore, a man
dressed as a Quaker walked up the aisle,cn
tered the pew and stood bolt upright with
his bat on. When told to take off his hat he
said he was not permitted -by his conscience
to do so. but he had no ejections to having
tsomebody ewe remove it. He proved to be
J-een Hopkins, a wealthy but eccentric
The Spy, of Lincoln, NeL.. has the folicw
lug notice: Hereafter we will publish all no
tices, not exceeding four linos, free of charge
for. persons wanting situation or wanting
'to-einploy help, and we hose that thoee -in
want of employment will tcke advantage of
this ouer, a -we wish to assist them all
-cac. Drop your notices into the postoffiee
o our aaarees.
A Bosionkn, by name Trancis Llppitt
baa, in a communication tc the Banner cf
light, called for the name at the Philadei
phia gentleman who traced the spirit ef
Kails King to a raaterialiboarding-houso
.and unearthed the fraud, vie also wants
the written statement cf the young widow
who-awindiedtho public. Nothing less than
. this-will cause bi m to doubt tie genuineness
of tho Holmes developments.
The word K bonanza" has been freely
launched upon the sea of journalism, and is
likely to become a household ord. A Ne--vadajtaper
says it is Spanish, and means
-fair weather at ceo." Applied to mining It
means 4,alxxly of rich ore." When a Span
ish miter strikes a good vein, be replies to
the query: ."How are yon getting on?" in
bis own language, "Ob, ir en bonanza,"
which oceans in American slang, "Oh, we're
Prof.'C. Y. Riley, at a
tbe Acadomy of Science
the following views of
recent lueetlng of
at St. Louis, gives
the advent of the
'The cauee of the
loousts or grasshopper ravaging the westeru
oex try last summer was proOably c.ttri but
able to drouths that prevailed in tbe moun-
caiaK8 (ustricts west ot tbe ravaged
cou&Jy, said he did not believe that
there was any real connection between
droutUfi anal locust devastations, an", that
especially h did not believo that tbe
drouths in the devastated sections were any
cause oA such invasions. Iiis view ot tbe
origin of grasshoppers is that the aredoni
eus of high .and any altltuies of the Rocky
moDDtMu, and are Indigenous Iroun British
"Columbia to Mexico ; thatoving to certain
conditions they become so numerous in
tbeir nati v b aunts tbat they are covnpelled
to migrate in order to obtain sustenance
IIa think they come eaitwardly on account
ntbe winds which, during the summer
; aeasjn, blow in tbat direction. lie says they
. can not thrive in a moist Unoate, And conse
quently their ravages never ezteud beyond
i it : Ä t a - . .
twi uuiikB ui jvautuw w ny Hnoui extent.
The London correspondent of the Xew
Ycrk Graphic writes thus of the circulation
.of some of the more influential English
newspapers: I chanced to see in an Ameri-
.can journal, the other day, a ridiculous
paragraph stating that the circulation of tbe
London Times was not more than twenty-
rive tbousand copies, and that of the Daily
Telegrcph "a little larger." The Times keeps
its ban8S afliirs very close, but I have
reason to know that its present circulation
Is not les9 than fifty thousand
copies. The recent extraordinary enter-
friae which it nas shown In telegraphing all
ts continental news has swollen its circula
tion; and it issoon to do other extraordinary
thing among tbem the runningof a special
train rach morning from London to Man
chester 18i miles arriving there at 7 a: m.,
and thu competing with the Manchester
jiurnals at tbeir own door.. As for the cir
culation of the Daily Telaraph wo have tbe
):c;.? ilzuiQ?, irrni.!..! l-y an eaicnt
firm of accountants wio have examined the
books. Kor tbo tQn months ending October
31 the number of papers printed was 45,981,
4oT a da'lv average of 17ti,17l copies. This
in r-'.lly "the largest circulation Iu the
world." The circulation of the Standard
comoH next, and tLe Daily
y Nef3is the third.
THE OPENING DAY OF THE MEETING.
TUB DELEGATE STATE BOARD MEETS IN AN
WlT At, SESSIONREPORTS OF THE OFFICERS.
The Indiana Delegate State Board or Ag
ticulture met yesterday morning in the
rooms of the secretary at the state bouse.
The roll of ccuntiea was called, showing
allv lar?A attendance. A letter
was received from'C. T. Nixon, secretary of
he Real Estate Exchange, inviting me
hrr.-i t hold it session In the rooms ot tbe
arohancr Thft AeniniT BfiUMOnS Will be
held there. An adjournment waa men nau
AFTERNOON SESSION, .
The board met pursuant to sojournment,
and proceeded to call the rellor counties
and delegates. The report of the presldeut
was then read by the assistant secretary
The president was absent on account of sick
ness in his family. The following Is a sy
nopsis of the address: '
a knti.rmkn. Delegates, and .members
of ihe State Board: It Is a source of grat
ification to renort that tbe last r.xposi
tion was' the most successful ever held here.
in attendance and display of goods. There
is a growing sentiment throughout mo state
in favor ot county and state exhibitions of ag
ricultural and manufactures articles. The
magnitude ot the state exposition, tbe num
ber of visitors and thexjisplay ol goods was
very gratifying. The results ot tbe labors of
the state board "since Its organization can not
be measured by dollars and cents. As
we bow so shall we reap. We
are - now nloying the results of former
laborers, and we should not do less than
they. - We have great cause tor congratula
tion;. we know nothingoi aroutn or iatuine;
cur etate is centrally locatea, ana we nave
all the natural advantages for the produc
tion of all cereals.
OUR COAL FIKLDS
are worth more to us than are the gold fields
of California, having in them mines ot un
told wealth. For the financial condition of
ior.l I refer von to the report ot
the secretary. With proper management,
and the experience of the past to guide us,
there ia no reason why we shoula not, at
our next exposition, make from Slo.000 to
$20,000. This I am convinced can be
done. Wo should charge 50 cents
admission. All the states, except
.Indiana and Kansas, cbarce an admission
of fifty cents. I would recommend tbat the
exposition continue only twenty days, and
would prefer twelve days, but owing to an
agreement between the guarantors and the
state board, we aro for the present under
obligations to bold twenty days.
I would require all exhibi
tors lo be in place on the first day, so
that visitors could have the full benefit.
This would lessen the expense for ten days,
at a cost last year of $125 63 per day. In re
gard to the next Exposition. I would rec
ommend that it be submitted to a
committee of six, three on the
part of 4he board, and three on the
part of tbecity, and the latter to co-operate
with the" former, and receive the
same pay as members of the board.
In closing, 1 would call your attention to
tbe centennial exposition and to Purdue
University. This latter furnishes lree agri
cultural training to the young men of the
state. I 'think that three meaabers of
the board of tbat institution
should be elected by our board.
We should not let tbe centennial be a failure,
and our national pride should not allow the
visitors frota the old world to have cause to
makeeport ot our exhibition. They have
entertained qs, and we should do as much
for them. But before I close
I must congratulate you upon
tbe success of our two state expositions.
We have failed in some respects but on the
whole, we have been favored with success.
In bidding you adieu, I can find ao words
suitable to express my appreciation of
your friendship and support during the
years I bave been honored with this
office. Your kindness and forbearance have
been untiring, and I assure you the remem
brance will last as long as life.
THE -SECRETARY'S REPORT
is voluminous and comprehensive, giving
in detail the items of receipts and expendi
tures. Tho treasurer is debited with
5.20 bonds, $3,000; notes on band,
1,300; interest and premiums Bold,
678 42; comtnittee money, $19 50; society
coupon bonds, 810,000; state appropriation,
$1,500: Insurance policies reclaimed, $12;
rent of stalls, etc., $40.843 27. Proceeds of
sales, ad missioa, etc., $92,173 72; guarantee
bonds, $90,720; total, $1S2,893 73. The gen
eral expense account foots up $13,24 49;
running expenses ot exposition and fair.
$13,843 52: premiums, $10,754; improve
tnents, alO.OGQ.TT; total, $47,918 77. Expense
of 1873 paid in 1874, $83,799 45, making
a grand total expense of $136,718 22.
During last season we sent out 3,000
blank applications for space, and
during the season distributed 20,000
premium lists, 20,200 circulars, 10,000
large posters, bewies - thousands ot cards.
bills, postal cards, dodgers, etc. Adver
tiaoments have been inserted in 213 weekly
papers. Tbe possessions of tbe board are
the 'most extensive of any la
the country and on the most substantial
bask. Although tho enterprise has not been
rewarded by auch results as were hoped for
financially, there is $3 50 of assets for every
dollar of indebtedness. The display in all
departments was a complete success,
and elves ereal hopes for the future!
It is interesting to note the gradual increase
in tbe receipts. In 1&2 tbey were $4,&1 5o
and ia 17 $15,330 48. Tbe suc
6083 of the stock stnw at the last fair
was encoKtracrlnr and flattering. The usua
Ubode of iwardiue premlcms gives great dis
satisfaction, and the secretary recommends
that in future no premiums be offered in tbe
tue.' ban leal and art departments.
TLe report of E. J. Ilowland shows the
work done on tho grounds. During tbe
past Tar a man has been employed at $32
for five montiV?, and .$30 for tour months,
and te&cns lo tbe amount of days at $3 00
per day Tbe ground bave been graded
and improved, and buildings repaired.
liurlog tbe fair laborers were em
ployed 204 days; carpenters, 29;
pohee, 24K; sprinkling, 8IK, at an
aggregate expense of ?1,48 u. . the super
intendent also reeommends various im
provements. Following tue report of tbe
superintendent came tbe reports of official
committees, as lollows; Cattle depart
ment, hois and cattle, fine art and horses.
Mr. Lockhart. Mr. Williams and others in
dulged in a little discussion as to whether
the services of J, J. Palmer and Prof. Tultle
were worth .tbe amount paid, the opinion
seeming to be tbat too much bad been paid.
Mr. Meredith thought a divorce was
necessary between the state board and
the outside men who bad co-operated with
them. He objected because when children
came to the fair they did not look at the
short horns and the rams, 83 tbey should do,
but tbat they were dre--s parading In tbe
building, looking at fancy articles.
He was proud of tho city of Indi
anapolis, but as it did not seem
to war.t taa prople Jruin the cjuutry, he
afeked"in God's name that, a divorce be
taken." His children should be educated
in the stock and gricultnral interests and
not for tbo purpose of show and parade.
Joseph l'oole introduced the ioilowiDg
Unsolved, That in the opinion of tbe
delegate board the combination of state fair
and exposition was unfortunate, in the way
in which it was consummated, and we think
said combination should be abandoned in
the most honorable and fair way it can be
This was referred to the finance committee.
Tbe reports f ojuciit c"nmittees were re
ferred to the proper standing committees.
Mr. Bnrke offered a resolution showing
that certain district and county agricultural
societies were compelled to pay taxes on
their... grounds, and moving tbat a
comiiilttoe ot the boird look into the
matter. and see 11 there was.
authority for tbe same. Tbe resolution was
adopted, and a committee consisting of Ka
gao, Williams and Johnson, was appointed
Mr. Dickson makes the following report:
Jan. l.ToU. S. 5-20 bonis :. 3DO 00
One note. Huston, Joyce A Co. otw on
Interest on 5-20 bonds....... luu MJ
S. Davidson . 1 50
Feb. 1, To Hi bonJa for öuo each 40, 0 00
Premium on 5-2U bonds nold. 577 vi
Annual state appropriation 1,500 00
Insurant e refunded.-.-.... 2 40
Ocfb'r, To Refresh uient stands, etc. 4,90
Kent u Derby and Music
Bales IIK.IK gate tiefceta at 'Ji, ,711 Zi
'in.lii railroad tlcaets
6, '!9 25
Sales 11,755 Amp. ticket' at lo.
7M Kx. tickets at tl' (...
" IUI Music Hall tickets
ftt o3. ''"""'' '''
Sales liSMchl.dren ticKetsat5
Cash receive at gates....
Kale rubber hose
K.J. Howland, for use of time
Interest from guarantee
Cash from guarantee bouds -
lly Amount due treasurer - . fl.7 10
Notes on hand uninld . V-X CO
( inner al expense order 134, M'l 81
Live stock department order 6,a."l tx
Agricultural and horticultural, ld7&. 611 10
Agricultural department older- t19 00
Horticultural department order . 107 00
Machinery department order......-..-... 1W 00
Fine art department order-... 0 00
Poultry department order .......-..- 14-S 00
Textile department order .. - 402 00
Cash on hand .- . -.. 2,5H 19
Total .1150,512 10
in the first, fifth, sixth, eighth, ninth, tenth
eleventh, twelfth and thirteenth districts
were read bv the secretary. For the first
district the following were nominated
James Iloamiue, of Spencer county, and R.
Mitchell, of Gibson county. For the fifth,
J. B. Jerard, of Ohio and J. B. Millhouse of
Jennings county. For the sixth, Thomas
B. Mitchell, of Bush county, and George W.
Lane, of Dearborn county. For the eighth.
Claude Matthews, of ermillion county.
For the ninth W. II. Reagan . For the tenth
Mr. A. B. Claypool, of Connersville. For
the eleventh Win. Crim, and Gen. Asche
Stone, of Randolph. For the twelfth Jos.
Poole, of Fountain county, and Mr.
Sampie.of Lafayette. For the thirteenth II.
Caldwell and P. W. Zent from Huntington.
Mr. L. A. Burke announced that there
would be a meeting at (3:30 o'clock in the
board rooms for the purpose of organiziug
a state poultry association. A communica
tion from Secretary Curry, on the establish
HTATB BUREAU OK STATISTICS,
which was read one year ago, and referred to
a committee. It urged strongly the creation
of tbe board, and as the old committee had
failed to do anything it was moved and
adopted tbat tbe former committee be dis
charged. It was moved that Mr. Johnson,
Mr. Reagan and Mr. Romaine, members of
the legislature, be appointed the committee.
Adopted. The meeting adjourned until this
morning at 9 o'clock.
This session was held jointly by the mem
bers ot the M. ot R. E. Exchange and the
state board at Exchange Hall. The Ex
change transacted some routine business,
including some changes in the standing
committees. The thanks of the Exchange
were voted to Perry Bros., and Antcony
Weigand for tbe presentation of a hand
some stone vase and flowers. Prof. (Jox
was then introduced, and 'delivered a lec
ture on "The Material Interest of In
diana." Tbe lecture was a well
prepared and exhaustive treatise upon
the agricultural and mining interests of the
state, and some good advice in regard to the
most profitable cereals. In many respects
the soil of Indiana is peculiar, and differs in
its composition from that of
other statea, being more generally
productive. The soil west of us is
much more liable to drouth than is ours.
Stay at home, and do not seek to better your
self by going west to grow up with the
country. Some knowledge of chemistry is
also necessary to tbe successful farmer, in
order that be may return to the soil
what is taken from it by plants.
Barnyard manure is good if you can get
enough of it, but other fertilizers are much
more powerful. In 3,000 pounds ot this
manure there are but 74 pounds of
active fertilizing agent. He then de
tailed the composition of various fertilizers
and treated the subject at some length. At
the conclusion of the lecture the members of
the board participated in general discussion
on the subject treated of by Prof. Cox, giv
ibg tbeir different views on the kind of fer
tilizers for different soils.
THE DELEGATE BOARD
ELECTION OK MEMBERS OP THE STATU BOARD
R KSO IX7TI ON8 AMD RKf ORTS.
The board met at 9 o'clock, Vice President
Crim in the chair. Minutes' of previ
ous meeting read and approved,
and Mr. Crumpacker, of Porter, and
Mr. Huffstetter, of Mitchell District
Association, were admitted as delegates from
their respective districts. Messrs. Higgins,
MConnell and Rurke were annointe! r
committee on credentials' and on motion of
Mr. Burke the convention went Into a coji- j
raittee of the whole to decide which of the
societies from this county, tbe alley Mills
Agricultural Association or tbe Marion
County Agricultural Association was en
titled to representation, but tho matter was
finally referred to tbe State Board.
The finance committee reported, in sub
stance, as follows: Aftersetting forth the
facts connected with tbe raising of tbe ex
position guarantee fund and the com pro
inUe agreed upon by the board, to release
guarantors on payment of 60 per cent, of
their subscription, the committee adds : Un
fortunately the panic and financial troubles
set in a short time after tbe commencement
of the buildings and other improvements
and expenses, which cost about 8100,000.
and after exhausting all the receipts ot tbe
exposition tbe board fouud themselves in
debt about 100.000. The assessments were
reluctantly made by the board, and the
amount of $5?,795 40 received and applied on
he debts, leaving s 10,003 unpaiJ, which has
been arranged by 1-5 year bond-i at 10 per
cent, interest, and the (air ground and build
ings rncrtcaserj .to securo thu'r pavment.
ho financial aifiirs of the country and tbe
stringency in money matters has made the
payment of these b:nds on the citizens quits
oppressive, and they have done as well as
could be expected.
V e would recommend that a kind and
iteral treatmeut be extended tatheguarau-
tors, and the citizens of Indianapolis gen
erally, and that the same courtesy and kmd-
ness ue expected of tbem, and tbat
fjr a common good for the board, and
for all the citizens of the state, es
pecially of Indianapolis, that the resolu-1
tlpn be carried out, and that the state board
use the strictest economy and every possi
ble means to remove this debt and make an
amicable settlement with tbe guarantors
and, a grand success of this noble enterprise.
As far as figures and legal pavment made
by tbe treasurer upon duly executed orders
are concerned we find them in good condi
tion and strictly correct.
Tho amounts paid Messrs. Palmer and
Tuttle s ere certainly
UNPRECEPENTED ANP EXORBITANT,
but as the board ordered its payment it is
now too late and probably out of the power
of th's board to claim and obtain a new set
tjement with these parties. We recommend
tbat a ccntinuation of the proposition to the
guarantors, and that all matters betyveen
tbe (täte board and them be amicably and
honorably arranged a early as possible, in
accordance with said resolution.
The report was laid on the table without
The motion of Mr. Stanard to dispense
with the payment of premiums was tabled.
Mr. Lockhart, superintendent ot the me
chanical department, submitted his report,
containing various recommendations.
After calling of the roll the committeo on
credentials reported the name of H. D.
Scott as a delegate from Vigo county.
Mr. Mutz was admitted as a deleato from
the Edinburgh Society. Mr. Williams, of
Knox county, filed his resignation with the
secretary, and it was accepted. Mr. Alder
son introduced tbe following:
Whereas, It has come to tbe knowledge
of members of this delegate' board that
membersof the State Board of Agriculture,
while riding on railroad passe, have been
in the habit ot charging tbe regular mileage
at the rate of 7 cents per mile, while attend
ing meetings-; therefore, be it
Resolved, That, hereafter, no member be
allowed mileage except in cases vbfr
he is actually lequired to pay such tra t.l
tbat the amount in such cases be the muai
amount so paid to such railroads.
Mr. Meredith thought tbat the delegate
board had no power to pass such a resolu
tion, as it was but an advisory board. The
resolution was referred to tbe state board.
Mr. Burke offered the following:
Whereas, Tbe present law of Indiana
IN REGARD to the license
to be paid by exhibitors at shows is defectivet
in tbat the Supreme Court has decided that
license can not be required for any show or
exhibition, unless the name of such show is
expressed in the heading of the bill. And,
Whereas, There are numerous shows
not named in the heading ot the present act;
it is, therefore,
Resolved, That a committee b9 appointed
to examine the law, and recommend to the
legislature such amendments as they may
deem proper for the best interests of agri
cultural societies. Adopted. The board
then proceeded to
THE ELECTION OF MEMBERS
to fill vacancies on the state board.
First district: Robert Mitchell, of Gibson
county ; in place of L. A. Burke, Posey
Second district: R. P. Haines, Davis
county; in place of the Hon. J. I). Wil
liams, Knox county.
Fifth district: J. B. Milhous, Jennings
county; in place of J. B. Gerard, Dearborn
Sixth district: T.V.Mitchell, re-elected.
Eight district: Col. Matthews; in place
of the Hon. Thomas Dow ling, Vigo county.
Ninth district: W. H. Ragan, re-elected.
Tenth district: A. B. Claypool, re-elected.
Eleventh district: W. M. Crim, re
elected. Twelfth District: II. T. Sample, re
elected. Thirteenth District: H. Caldwell, re
elected. Mr. Ixckhart offered a resolution that a
committee be appointed to prepare, and pre
sent to the legislature, a bill to prohibit the
RUNNING AT LARGE OF BULLS,
stallions, boars and iams, and saying ''that a
license shouid be taken out by the owner of
every such animal, on a reasonable amount,
so as to prevent the keening of worse than
worthleas animals." By consent Mr. Lock
hart withdrew the clause relating to license.
Mr. Cobb moved to amend by striking out
"and" before "rams" and inserting after it,
"and other stock." Agreed to, and the
amanaea resolution was passed.
WANTED A REVISION OKA LAW.
Mr. Votaw oflered the following:
Resolved; That tbe chair appoint a com
mittee of three to draft a preamble and reso
lution asking our legislative body for the
passage of a law for the thorough revision
ot the revenue and assessment
laws, mo that our real estate
shall not be appraised offener than once in
six years, and at actual cah value: and that
it eiau provide ror the election or township
assessors and the establishment of coanty
assessors, and also for the annual navuient
oi taxes in place ot semi-annual payments,
m . . . . . -
ana report to this body to-morrow morning
CHANGE IN THE DOG LAW.
Mr. K. M. Lockari oflered a resolution,
which was adopted, providing for the ap
pointment ol a committee to prepare a bill
to be presented to the legislature, for a
rhfintJA In tha rrrr 1 a xxr m aL-iir thA Anrna-m
and barborers of dogs caught in tbe act of
..... . ....
killing or injuring sheep liable for tbe dam-:
BunwiDou; aisj provKiiui -mat me
mim unneu iiuui luetic wmius eaaii w
uBea oniy in the uavmeat ol claims
tor sheep killed - or iuiared. and thatl2.
.owl n .W...11 l. , . 1
nuaii uut ire iwfi mau
?3 on each male and f 5 on eaclt female dog.
Mr. hooper one red a resolution, which
was adopted, asking tbe legislature tonact
a law compelling
KAILAOAD COMPANIES TO FENCK THEIR HOP
along their tracks.
Adjourned until 7:30 p. k.
Upon the calling of the meeting to order,
Mr. Poole read a well prepared paper on the
aims of agricultural societies. He began
with the Garden of Eden and traced the
history of farming from that time to the
present. Noah, Abraham, and Lot were tbe
most distinguished of the ancient azricul
lurausis. igypc. ubaidea and China were
the first countries to reduce agriculture to a
science. Among the Romans each man had
six acres of land allotted to htm and was re
stricted to this amount. One of-their wri
ters recommended a little wine as a re-
javenator of tired oxen. The first
English work on agriculture was published
in 153 1, and from that time such books hare
increased in number and value. He then
troated the subjec: of agricultural imple
ments at length. The first society of which
we have any knowlndge was organized in
Scotland lu 173. In the United states the
first society wa- established in 1781, and in
our own state in 1851.
At the conclusion of thia address the mem
bers iodulzed in some discussion on the sub
ject, which wai lollowed by addresses
as follows: Forest Culture, M. B.
Kerr: Marke-.intr and Prrsprving Fruit. C.
C. Keoler, of Cincinnati; Yellow Locu9t, M,
B. Kerr. These pipers also produced dis
cussion, altar which an adjournment was
had until this morning at 0 o'clock.
THE WIND UP ANP UO HOME SESSION OK THE
STATE BOARD IN THE AFTERNOON.
At the morning session of the dele
gate "board cf agriculture yesterday,
the finance committee reported
the reports of the secretary, superintendent
and treasurer as beirg correct. The treas
urer is charged with cash, $150,512 50, and
credited as per paid orders surrendered with
?147,y!tt 91, leaving a balance of 2 513 19.
The superintendent reported due him 13 22,
and that he bad collected 8305 55 lor stall
rents and ue of time-track, and had paid cut
?319 32. for lalior. Prut. Saortridge, presi
dent Purdue University, addressed the board
upon tbe advantages of that institution to
the mechanical and agricultural classes ol
tho titato. Mr. Lo.khart, member of the
Slate Board proper, raised (some objections
to th report from the finance committee.
Mr. Lockhart'8 objection raised considera
ble unfavorable comment by Messrs. Mere
dith, Poole, and others, and finally was re
ferred -to the St.ve Bjard proper for settle
ment. The delegate board thn adjourned
sine die, and the State Board proper until
1:30 p. M.
The State Board met for organization,
C. B. Claypool in the chair, and after calling
the roll the chair announced that nomina
tions fur officers were in order. Mr. Cald
well moved that the entire vote bs cast, by
the cbair.for m. dim, of Madison county,
for president, which motion was carried. In
like manner Stephen Davidson, ot Fulton
county, was elected vice president; Alex.
Heron, of Indianapolis, secretary, and Carlos
Dickson, of Indianapolis, treasurer. For
general superintendent E. J. Ilowland and
J. M. Todd, both of Indianapolis, were put
in nrruination. Mr. Ilowland having re
ceived 11 votes to Mr. Todd's three, he was
declared elected. The following were
THE EXECUTIVE BOARD:
A. B. Claypool, R. M. Lockhart and H. T
öample. Mr. F. C. Johnson was fully rec
ommended to the governor as trustee of
Purdue University. The Marion County
Society . cawe was discussed by Messrs.
Claypool and Crim. Messrs. Francis and
rurnas made statements in regard to
their respective societies. The matter
was then referred to a committee consisting
ot Messrs. Mutz, Seward and Mitchell, who
were instructed to report immediately. The
president then announced the
for the em uiug year. They are as follows:
Committee on finance, II. Caldwell, B. F.
Claypool and Robert Mitchell; on lulea
and regulations, Thomas Nelson, Davidscn
and Millhouse; on fair grounds. Thomas
Mitchell, Sample and ltf-airan;on unfinished
Dusiness, Johnson, H. P. Haines end Mutz;
on premium lift, Seward, Sutherland and
Leckhart. MrTUaldwell moved that
THE STATE FAIR
proper should begin on tbe same date as it
did last year. Secretary Herron read a dis
patch stating that the Ohio state fair
would begin Sept. 6. Mr. Claypool moved
that the state fair or cattle show should be
03 the week commencing the last Monday
September, being the 27th. The motion was
The secretary was notified to inform the
adjoining states ot this.
Mr. Claypool moved that tbe Gray case
be carried to tbe Supreme Court. Adopted.
It was decided to adjourn to the 9th of
February, when they did adjourn. It was
decided to send
THE REJECTED MODELS
to Purdue University, subject to the
order of the board.
The resolution ol the delegate board
in regard to mileage was unanimously
adopted. Mr. Dickson's bond was accepted,
having the names of Messrs. Hume A
Adams, of this city. A resolution "puffing"
the Indiana Farmer newspaper was passtd.
Several small bills were allowed. The com
mittee on tho
MARION COUNTV CASE
reported favorably for the
County Agricultural and
tural Association as being the only recog
nized one in the county. It was moved and
carried that the president, treasurer and sec
retary were appointed a committee to bor
row money to meet the obligations ot the
The board then adjourned.
THE STATE GEOLOGIST AND THE SWAMP
LAND COMMISSIONER. SUBMIT THEIR RE
PORTS. The report of Prof. E. T. Cox, state geolo
gist, includes also a statement of his work
and expenditures as Indiana com
nmsioner to the Vienna Exposition. In
regard to this he says: "As only fifteen
days intervened from the time of my ap
pointment to the date fixed upon for the
sailing -ef the government ship which was to
carry tbe American contributions to Trieste,
mo -cuirection was not i large as was
aesired, but nevertheless the coal and pig
iron excelled in extent and importance
that of any other Amerknn state and re
ieeSure aTpTeoriated " Ä
I a 1 vuv
expenses of the aeent and of tM
um frol. Orx Mtarned tf
i vo mo täte treasury, l as geological sur
vev wts oreanized in isfia. Sine that tuna
I 1 . . A . . J - - V
cuuipirifl survey, ana oi preliminary ex
tmination. Tuese Lave sbi wn that Indiana
I faas vast fields of coal and other minanly
ana toe diock. cor. the teet known for
smelting iron suitable for Bessemer steel.
There ie a larg-s district of the state in wkich
iron ore can besucoowsfully mined and mua-
ucacturea. In mining for ore in Lawrence
eaunty a seem of kaokn five feet in
thickness was dincovered, cnderlaid by two
feet of brown oxide of iron. Tempest.
Brockwood & Co., of Cincianati, who have
tested tk&s kaolin find thet as good ston
chlnaware can be made frona it as from the
clay of Lurope. and pronounced it ea
perior to any clav in the Wet. Indiana is
rapidly proving herseli to be one of the
ncnebi. states in agricultural as wen as
1 1 A A w . mm
minera; productions, and is receiving the
attention of the manufacturers and
miners all over the country. Stone
for hydraulic cement, and excellent build
ing stone have been found (n great quanti
ties. The report closes with a recommenda
tion to the legislature to continue the geo
logical survey, and to establish t&e office of
state geologist upon the basis or a perma
Owen M. Eddy ws appointed in March,
lS73,by the governor, to revise, ovrect and
index the swamp land records and filed in
the office of the secretary and auditor of
state. Ho yesterday eubmitted his re
port, showing that the work is
almost completed. Upon taking the po
sition he lound that but little had been
done, and the record-- were in great con
fusion. Under tbe act of congress of 1830,
in regard to swamp lands, Indiana becameen
titledto l,C50 2S9ij acre. During ls.il -2
the total number cf patents issuel therefor
wa 35,S9. In addition to tli-';r tbera h.
been 5,400 re-issius on account cf Ins of th
original, some discrepancies in names.
or description, or under tha enact
ment of March, 1S57, which provided that all
patents acquired under ditching contracts.
where the contracts had not bevr. comn'.eted.
should be surrendered and cancelled and
new patents issued when sucli contracts
were fulfilled. Tbe records of the9 patents
were in seventy-one volumes of which
no index had been kept. Manv of
the certificates were lost and other valu
able papers were stored in the cellar as rub-,
bish. To make a comprehensive record,
there was compiled an index of patents.
showing parts of section, toweship, range,
numbr ot acres, to whom pat
ented, date and number of patent.
record and page in which recorded, together
with a margin for remarks, requiring two
800 page volumes. -Great inesuiarities are
found to have existed in manv counties.
There now remains not patented and open
to entry 14,313 84 acres, subject to Unal cor
rection of the records, liif-re h:-.ve been
issued siiice Januarv. 1873. 134 patents con
veying 4,213.61 acres." The importance of the
work done by Mr. Eddv is t-hown in tiie fact
that nearly one-fifth of'the land-i in Indiana
have been derived from grants bv tho United
Siate, and the records so reviöl, corrected
ana inaexea constitute the evidence of tho
titles of the grantees of tbe state.
A MISSISSIPPI TRAGEDY.
THK MURDER AND CREMATION OF TIIK
BORUM FAMILY AT SHANNON, MISf-lSfllTI
NO CLUE TO THE PERPETRATORS.
A special to the Chicago Inter-Oc-ean, from
Jackson, Miss., the 3d inst., gives some
further particulars of a terrible trasedv
mentioned by telegraph: letter irom
Lee county, just received, give the par
ticulars of the burning of the Borura
family, near Shannon, on the Mobile A
Ohio railway, on Sunday li-t. The facts
developed since the news was first received
proved beyond a doubt tbat Borum, his
wife, two little children and a negro boy
were first murdered in their house and the
building then fired in half a doses places.
On Saturday, Borum, who had ju6t
received some J700, was in the
store ot Mr. Whitesides, et Shannon,
and being asked by him lor a loan of $300,
told Whitesides he would bring him the
money on the following Monday, and started
home, his home being a mile and a halt west
of Shannon, his nearest neighbor living half a
mile from him. The next beard of him or his
family was that they had been murdered.and
their bodies burned by the robbers. When
the first persons arrived at the scene they
found Borum's remains a few feet from the
doorway, and part of his heart and liver in
one mass, some brains in tbe back part
of the sknll, together with one or two
molten bullets, aud by these a phtol which
had been discharged, and Borum's knife
open in the corner of the room where
the bed stood. The remains or Äfrs. Borum
were found with those of her youngest child,
aged between two and three yeajs, clasped
iu her arms, and a few feet distant were the.
bones of the eldest child, aged five years, and
near tbe fire-place was found the remains
of the negro boy. The presumption is that
the perpetrators of
THE HORRIBLE DEEP
made some pretext on Sunday niht to in
duce Borum to open the door, when they
rushed in on and shot them; that he fired
at them without effect, and then defended
himself with his knife, but was again shot,
and killed, and that after outraging Mrs..
iwrum, soe ana the children, with
negro boy, were butchered in
cold blood ;
the house, it
and then, after lockinr
was nrea in aiuerent places.
and the murderers left, locking the door and
carrying the key with them. Un to the
present time the whole affair is wrapped in
mystery, as no clue has been found that will
ieaa to tbe discovery of the periKtrators
except that some men war in lV'hif-siliic
. . ... w.m. v oavevo
store and heard the request for money and
the reply by Mr. Borum. Considerable ex
citement exists at Shannon and in the vicin
ity, and should tbe murderers be found the
people would take the law into their own
A TERRIBLE FIRE ON MIPDLB BASS ISLAND IX
LAKE ERIE TWO WOMEN AND A CHILD
The Sandusdy, O., Register of the 10th
Inst, gives the facts connected with the
burning of a family on one ol the Lake Erie
Islands: By a special telegram from Put-in-
Bay to the Register we learn that a most dis
tressing casualty occurred on Middle Bass
Island yesterday morning, resulting in the
death of two women and one child.
Shortly after 5 o'clock the residence of
Milo Ruggles, about 75 rods southeast of the
Put-in-Bay House, was discovered by Mr.
Ruggles to be on fire. He was in bed at the
time and the smoke poured into his room in
such dense volumes that bis only safety
from suffocating was in jumping from the
window of his apartment in the second
story of the building to the ground. Thla
he did, but received injuries in consequence
which will probably confine him to
his bed for several months. In the
burning building at the time were his
mother, sister, and sister's child. At that
stage of tbe fire when he threw himself from
the window it would have been utterly im
possible for him to have rendered any assist
ance to the helpless women and child, and
thinking, too, that they had escaped, he
sought only to save himself. But. alas, they
were not so fortunate as he, although his
his present condition is not by any means a.
desirable one; but he escaped with h.i
life, and they were suffocated in the dense
smoke, ard were literally roxsted alive
in the flames. His wife bad gone to spend
the night with her mother on ae
other part of the island, and thus fortun
ately escaped, if not a terrible death, cer
tainly severe injury, as ehe would have
been comrelled to jump from tte window
of the house with her husband, if she
caped at all, as tbat was the only way br
which to leave the building, which was
all in a blaze below. The oricin of th firm
is unknown. Two of tbe bodies have hMn.
recovered tbat of the child and one wo
man, but which one can not be determine.
from the fact tbat the remains are burn1 vt
a crisp. The house belonged to Capt. Hag
garty, of St. Louis, and is said to bA fnii
A special to the Chicago Tribune, from
Battle Creek, Mich., says: Last week 8 000
Pacific salmon-fry were planted in Metcalf
Lake, in the township of Assyria. . Th n
were shipped throush irom California vi.
the United States fish cotnmita;nncP t
11. Jerome, at Pokagon.and thnnrw tn Ho-m-
Creek. Last year. 20,000 white-fish were
planted in the same lake. Thv
lour or five inche3 in length. The lake ia
a beautiful sheet of water, situated just
north of the city; is easv cf nm -
favorite resort for our citizens. MJer. a
T. Metcalf, of Kalamazoo, anrt A'arMr, vrf
calf, of this city, are the owuers of thisim-
uieuoa ush pouu, ana pronot. ir. nt,.
l : i . - ' -...
uusu.it.-33 oi usu L'reooing.
WIBi'i"u-; m3 paper in old bills. th
editor oi the Oshkosh Xnnhtn
himself away painfully " The r.nriin t.
nal receivd bis druggist's b 11 total for
whisky, flOO 30; total for drucs.SS 60