Newspaper Page Text
THE INDIANA STATE SENTINEL WEDNESDAY NOVEMBER 25, 1885.
WASHINGTON LETTER. Oar Illustrated Weekly Letter From & Nxtloml Capital. A Chapter on All Sorta or Cycls' The Paradise of Wheelmen IIan tired of Mile of LeTel Street. Wsui.c;tox, Nov. 20. Washington sports some very queer vehicles in the way of cabs, as intimated in this correspondence a week ago. She has quit" as curious ones, however, in the way of bicycles and tricycles. Indeed, the list might be extended at either end, and you might ?ay unacycles, bicycles, tricycles and quadracycles, so great is the number and variety of these sort of vehicles used in this city. Washington is often spoken of a the "paradise of wheelmen." And so it is. The miles of smooth street, as level and smooth as a rioor, extend, forty, fifty and j'Orbaps a hundred miles if you follow them street by street and block by block, and while the country roads surrounding the city are especially fitted for the "silent steed," go where you will in Washington or vicinity yon are sure to meet the wheelmen and wheelwomen, for there are numerous repre seatatives of the gentler sex who are as en thusiastic and ardent devotees of the "wheel"' as the most earnest bicyclist ou record. Tricycling in fact has become even more popular than bicycling; and the curi ous vehicles which are making their appear ance on the streets of Washington, ana car rying sometimes the entire family, add a novel and interesting feature to the already varied line of pedo-motors in Washington. In fact it is the appearance of some of thee curiously arranged machines that has sug gested this article. It is little over a dozen years since the first bicycles made their appearance in Washing ton. Now there hundred? and hundreds of them. According to the best estimate your correspondent can obtain the number of bi cycles and tricycles of all sorts probebly runs up to about 1,500. The great variety of these vehicles is something astonishing to the average observer. Among the bicycles there are evidences of great effort to construct "safety" machines. With the ordinary bi cycle the rider sits nearly over the center of his large weel. so that if in riding his wheel strikes any obstruction, or drops into a de pression, the momentum and weight of his body carries him on forward, and betakes what is technically known as a '"header," coming down over the front wheel, and strik ing perliaps on his hands, perhaps on his Lead. It is to prevent this dirticulty that Mich variety of machines has been invented. Probably the largest number of thee "safety machines" now used in Washington are of the pattern shown in the accompanying cut, with the small wheel in front. With this machine the rider sits, it will be seen, pretty nearly over the center of his large wheel; but, having the small wheel in front, the chances of taking headers are very much les sened. Sometimes even with this machine, however, there are fail?, and very serious ones. Another classof machines have levers so arranged that the rider sits much farther back than the center of his large wheel, and by the use of double levers gets the same motion that is had in the ordinary machine. Another class of bicycles used very much here are those with extremely small wheels, so small that the rider may almost touch the ground with his feet. Some of these are "geared"' so that each motion of the foot propels the wheel a full revolu tion instead f a halt revolution, as in the ordinary case. It would be safe to assert that there are among the thousand or twelve hundred bicycles in use in Washing ton twenty, perhaj-s thirty diit'erent kind of machines, the larjre majority of the new in ventions bavins been made with the sole idea of adding to the safety of the rider. Within the past year tricycles have gained greatly in favor. Two years ago you seldom saw one. A year aro they began to come into more general use. and now you :ee great numbers of them. Not only do you ?ee them ridden for pleasure and exercise, but by business men for business purjose?, and by ladies for exercise and recreation. They are even used, too, by children, and it is not an uncommon thing" to see misses of ten or twelve and masters of similar ajre riikn? to and from school upon tricycles or bicycles. Young ladiea and gentlemen glide over the streets of the city or along the well kept roads of the District, business men hur rying up and down the avenue on two or three wheels, and physicians attending to their professional callsby the aid of these vehicles. The most interesting feature of the late appearances in the tricycling world is the result of efforts to make a "family" ma chine. There are gnat nnmbers of these, and the variety is nearly as great as the num ber. Everywhere you go you see them. Sometimes the ladies are riding alone upon them; sometimes they are accompanied by gentlemen; sometimes there are two seats hide by side between the wheels, which are connected with a long axle; sometimes the eeats are arranged 'tandem' fashion, in which case the lady usually occupies the front teat and the gentleman the rear, each doing bis or her share of the work of propeilinz the machine. 8o common have these ma chines now become that their appearance excites no remark. You may see them on the avenue or hurrying about the streets almost any day. and at almost any hour .. of the day. Ladies who use them are enthusiastic in their behalf. They did find them not only an agreeable method of traveling about the city, but act ually beneficial in their effect ujon the health. A prominent gentleman of this city, who has been rising a bicycle in his busi ness for several years, said to your corres pondent recently that he had, some months ago, purchased a tricycle for his wife, who . Lad suffered a partial stroke of paralysis. So eerious was her case that the doctors attend ing her had announced their opinions that fche would never be able to walk again. Not withstanding this, the husband, knowing the value of vehicles of this character, purchased the tricycle and encouraged her to use it; and within a few months she had so far re- ' gained the ne of her faculties as to be able to walk readily and projel herself rapidly about the streets upon th bicycle. Now, you may see the . husband and wife almost any day riding about the city on a "tandem" tricycle fruch as is shown in the accompanying cut, lvth Lu apparently good health aud a happy family. "But for tirj.Ie incident accom panying the introduction of the tricycle it would have been a very popular machine with the ladies long a$o. That incident was the fact that the first lady to use a tricycle in "Wa?hiniton was one n hose name his been a good deal before the public withiti the past eighteen months as candidate for the highes; ofhee in the gift of the people. Mrs. Lock wood is a talented woman, but 6he does not pride herself either upon her beauty or the size of her feet: ana m the tricycle calls at tention to both, her adoption of it did not tend to add to its popularity with the observ ing representatives of the gentler sex. The number and variety of the i-eople who use bicycles and tricycles in Washington is quite astonishing. There is a Tricycle flub wtiich includes among its members a minister and his wife, an Assistant Secretary of State and a number of other officials of prominence. There are several physicians who have recently purchased "wheels" on which to vMt their patients. At the Capi tol, there is a tticycle kept for the use of a roes.-nprer who flies back and forth between the Postofhce and the Capitol ottices. At the telegraph offices bicycles are kept for the us-e of. messengers, and you may see the little fel lows, mounted on their wheels, flying about the city day and night, delivering messages to the nearest and most distant points. The Iistrict Messenger Service employs wheel," and sends its boys flying in every direction upon them. Among the newspaper corre spondents there are numbers, who, following the example set by your correspondent years ago, are now using the "wheel" both for busi ness and pleasure, one of the number having ridden over a large share of Great Britain and France during the past summer, upon his vacation. Among the business men there are large numbers of both bicycles and tri cycles used; while among gentlemen and la dies who desire amusement and exercise the "wheel" is gaining popularity every day. Overthrowing the Dolman Amendment. O'cw York Sun. The organ of the jobbers and ringstersand corruption i sts who are engaged in this enterprise, alleges that the liolman amend ment, made in the interest of retrench men t, authorizes legislation on the appropriation bills, and is responsible for much of it that is bad. The rules themselves give the best answer to this charge. Here is No. 1:.'": No appropriation (.hull be reported in such sren eral appropriation hi!N, or he in order hs an ainonlmcnt thereto, for any expenditure not pre viously authorized by law. September It. 117. I'lilc in continuation of appropriations for Mich public work mid object ;is are already in pro2rc.. -March 1:;, l:s. When the lUinocrats got control of the House, in the Forty-fourth Congress, they added the following amendment, on motion of Mr. liolman: Nor liall any provision in any such bill or amendment thereto changing eiting law he in order except such as Wins m-miane to the subject matter of the bill shall retrench expenditures. January 17, Ihto. The object of that clause was to stop the vicious practices that had prevailed under Republican rule, to replace extravagance with economy, and to redeem the pledges of reform made by the Democracy during the memorable Congress campaign ot 174, com monly known as the tidal-wave year. The amendment did more than retrench expenditure, immensely valuable as that service was. It did away with the practice of loading the appropriation bills with for eign matter and pernicious legislation, which had favored jobbery and had cost the Treasury tens of millions of dollars. . What most troubles the lobby and the ad vocates of reckless expenditure, in and out of Congress, is that every proposition they offer in the House must confront the crucial tet of the liolman amendment, and be re jected as out of order if not in strict con formity therewith. The guardians of the Treasury watch everv bill during its progress, and they are special ly vigilant when adroit tacticians come for ward with well-covered schemes prepared cunningly to evade the application of the rule. Sometimes in Committee of the Whole a weak or inconiitftent or interested chairman may admit an amendment that ought iroj erly to be excluded. Hut when it is brought before the House, with a record to be faced, such a construction is rarely sustained. The sternest restrictions imposed by the rules are occasionally overthrown by the will of an adverse majority. No wisdom can provide against these lapses, especiallv when a prodigal Senate stands ready to crowd the appropriation bills with amend ments which the committee of the House have resolutely resisted. The present Democratic majority in the House is about one-half of what it was in the last Congress. A controversy like that now proposed would necessarily weaken its moral lone at the outset, and exhibit a defection that would gladden the Republicans, who are urging the movement, lirst because they J have axes to grind, and secondlj-. in the hope . of creating discord in the ranks of their op ponents. Representative Springer was met by a re porter to-day and asked what he thought of the prospect lor a revision of the House ' rules this winter. j "I think," he replied, "it will be done. I have prepared a revision which I have been at work on all the summer, and I intend to submit it for adoption. I have gone over the entire subject with great care." "Hoes your revision make any distribution of the appropriation bills?" "Yes, it takes three from the Appropria tion Committee. The Army bill I gave to the Military Committee, the Naval bill to the Naval Committee, and the Postottice bill to the Potottice Committee. The others are all left with the Appropriations Com mittee. Not only does my revision deal with this branch of the subject, but it in dues every feature of the rules which ob struct business. My aim has been to prepare a set of rules which will facilitate public busi nesswhich will enable a majority to do business. I am willing to trust a majority of the representatives of the people. Hith erto we have come here at each Congress and bound ourselves hand and foot, and then called upon a doorkeeper to deliver us bound to the other House. We have not been able to do anything beyond passing appropria tion bills scarcely, "except what was assented to by two-thirds or unanimous ac tion. Now my revision opens the way for the prompt transaction of all business which meets the approval of a majoritv. And after three days my revision prohibits filibustering." "Can you g.tt your revision adopted with out referring to the Committee on Rules'.'' "Oh, yes; easily enough. When we meet and organize we will have no rules. Then instead of the usual resolution to adopt the old rules I will submit a resolution to adopt them as amended. 1 have gone over the old rules and have put my revisions in the shape of amendments. When I deemed it neces sary I have stricken out. The part stricken out will remain, with a line through it, and the new matter will appear in italics, so that each member, with a copy of the print before him, can see and under stand what the revision does. It will only require a majority vote to adopt the revision. Now. I want here," said Mr. Springer, "to disclaim in takmg bills from the Appropria tion Committee any idea or object of strik ing at Mr. Randall. My object is to facilitate public business. The Appropriations Com mittee now has more than it can attend to in good order and in proper time." dot it night. Shouting for Hill and Ilendrick. with the elec tion three years off, U very or cnolatioii. Boston Traveler. You are wrong. It is Hendricks and Hill, not Hill and Hendricks, The rule of civil service reform prescribes that promotion shall be in the order of seniority New York Sun. The Greeks devoured the f!e-li of the hedgehog. When it has been well fed it is sweet and well flavored, and the Mesh is eat en in. many places in England and on the Continent. An American gentleman who partook of this dainty, stewed, on the other side, says it reminded htui g jd deal of quail. v.. SPIRIT OF THE STATE PRESS. The army must be kept up. says the Yee dersburg Courier, for the- sake of the In dians: ' : ' There were nearly 4,000 desertions from the regular army last year. The soldiers should respect a small thing lite our army more than they do. It may -die off one of these davs, and then there, will be nothing left with which the Indians may amuse themselves. The Yincennes Sun prints the following reply of the Gas Company there, which agrees in all particulars with results else where when this monopoly is questioned. It needs be read between the lines; The following is the reply of the Ga3 Com pany to the complaint of its patrons: All of which is very fair to gas consumers and just like a gas company. Not a very encouraging prospect is shown by the following from the Shelby Times: The foreign market for grain is likely to become continually smaller, for Austria and Russia are enlarging their grain areas, and Kngland has put spaces in India that are equal to the area of whole states into wheat and corn. Grain in America has henceforth to depend largely on the home market, and to make this at all commensurate to the con tinually increasing production of grain, the rua i mi act tiring population of America must be largely increased. But it can not be largely increased until we get possession of foreign markets. We should not coaiplain, says the Frankj fort Crescent. It is said in a sort of complaining way that the result of the New York election has wrought no change in the President's course. Why should it? Has he not been turning the rascals out as fast as he could get good Democrats to put in their place? Does not honesty, intelligence and efficiency rule in all the departments of the Government? What more can you ask for? The President is going right along giving the country a splendid administration. Prosperity is slowly but surely coming back, economy of expenditure prevails everywhere. The elec tion in New York has resulted in an indorse ment of the President's course. A chronic grumbler and an unreliable party paper is what the Rochester Sentinel says; John R. McLean, of the Cincinnati En quirer, is a hard man to please. He is al ways contrary in politicsaml never satisfied with the way things go. If Hill had been defeated for Governor of New York, the En quirer would have blamed the President for it. Rut Hill got there handsomely and now the Enquirer joins in with the Muzwutnps and says his election is a rebuke to the Pres ident. The Knquirer is regarded by Demo crats generally as a chronic grumbler, and wholJp unreliable as a party paper only when its editor has a personal interest in Democratic success. The Shelbyville Democrat talks on the sil ver question: To increase the amount of silver in a dollar would demonetize the present cir culation of silver now in the country, which would be robbing the people to enrich the gold sharks of Wallstreet. If such legisla tion would alleviate the country of an evil then the people might afford to sacrifice a little, but any legislation on the subject is legislation against the many for the benefit of the few. General Sheridan's plan is indorsed by the Michigan City Dispatch: General Sheridan's plan of giving each In dian family a farm, selling the rest of the Indian lands and allowing the interest on the amount realized to go to the support of the Indians would certainly be a great im- Erovement on the present system of tribal oldings and agency management. The growth of the country demands that those great blocks of property which stand in the way ot progress snail ojened to settlement. The Muncie Herald be broken up and explains what the party expected: The party did not expect the President to disrupt the public service by too hastily changing the personnel ot the service. It did expect him to carry out the expressed will of the people by putting Democrats in charge of the atlairs as fast, at least, as these changes were made by Republicans who preceded him. The Republican Presidents, with Re publican predecessors, entertained no hesi tency in making clean sweeps to provide places for their friends. The f-alem Democrat finds space not re quired for olitical discussion to talk of other interests: The riainfield Reform School for Boys is among the bet-managed institutions in the State, and is lue the superintendeney of Professor Charlton. Twenty-nine boys were honorably discharged and a very large num ber were promoted for good conduct. There remain 411 inmates. Feeling among them is excellent, and the year's result is extremely satisfactory to the" management. The bovs have completed one of the finest and largest brick barns in the Ohio Valley. It meas ures 14x."u feet. Nothing ever like it before. Spencer Dem crat: Since the origin of political parties in the United States, there has never been a party so completely demoralized so far Isolated from any principle, that would stand for a minute before the bar of equity so com pletely at sea, and so overwhelmingly sub merged from every semblance of honesty and purity, by its nefarious record of the past, written b'y its own ruthless hands, steeped in the infamy of unpardonable crime as the Republican party of to-day. His hind sight is good. People's Friend, Covington: Blaine says the Republicans will never again carry New York with the Tribune as their special organ. This is cruel in Mr. Blaine. The Tribune w as the only paper in New York City that supported Blaine for the Presidency. The Fort Wayne Sentinel suggests that John I-oean settle down: ! No one has mentioned John A. Togan as a Presidential candidate since the New York and Virginia Elections. Divested of a vain ambition, it should be possible for I.ogau to settle down and become a hard working and useful member of the Senate. The Goshen Democrat shows how the ad ministration is reforming the civil service: Secretary Manning has ordered the Door keeper of the Treasury Department to "keep tab" on the employes and see what time each one gets to work in the morning. A good many of them are in the habit of ambling leisurely around at H e'clock and after, and the Secretary is bound to enforce a little more promptitude. There will be some si lent grumbling in consequence, but the in dolent and tardy will probably prefer to hus tle around and tend to business rather than quarrel with the reform spirit, but for which they would have been turned outof ofliee when the administration changed hands. It has a value in the advance of future science, says the Huntington Democrat: The President has appointed a mugwump, Mr. Saitenstall.' Collector of the Port of Bos ton. Although disappointing to the Demo crats of Boston who recommended a straight- out Democrat yet the appointment has its advantages. It is always wise to preserve a few choice specimens of rare growths and a mugwump w ill be a decided curiosity in a few years. A peculiarly horrible crime is reported by the Hancock Democrat: George Harmon, a worth'ess character, shot and instantly killed Wesley Carpenter, a, kau-w;;tei 'seYWeeu-year-oli boy,'u?ar Terre Haute. Ind.. Sunday last, without any provocation. The top of Carpenters head was blown off, part of his brain lodging on the mantel-piece and his body falling Into, the fire, and was horribly burned before he was removed. , Where traitors dwell. Kokomo Dispatch: All the talk of the Republican press about traitors South is but the reflex of traitors North. They dwell in the Republican pnrty. The Stalwarts are traitors to the Half breeds, and vice versa. Truly the g. o. p. is a nest ot internecine traitors. Truth on the Indian question by the Sey mour Democrat: One hundred years of our blubbering sym pathy has degraded the once noble and in dependent Indian hunter to a 6tealthy. treacherous and useless wretch, and has bred and nurtured in the Indian department of the Government a horde of designing, schem ing and thieving agents, who, in everv ad ministration, without regard for politics, have disgraced the Government, stole the people's taxes and starved the Indians. Referring to the execution of the Italian murderers at Chicago, the Attica Ledger tays: Canital nunishment for murder i. the hpt that human wisdom can devise. If it do no more, it rids society of men who threaten its members. But more than this, if it be rigid ly adhered to, it deters other vicious and con scienceless scoundrels. It may be a vervpoor use to put a man to, but it is infinitely'better tnan "punisoin? him m a way that makes him confident and defiant. Don't blame the telegraph editor if the Kamochitokoffsky mcuated by the Ser vians is not found on the mat, Savs the Terre Haute Express: The names of places and men in the Ser vian-Bulgarian war are just a little worse than any that have eot mixed ud cominsr over the cable in any previous wa"r abroad. The worst of it is that many of them are not to be found in anv gazetteer, and we will have to go haphazard with them for a time at least. No two newspapers spell the same name alike. The Marion Sentinel's opinion: Senator Yoorhees has written a letter to the Shelbyville Democrat, answerin? the un called for attack made upon him by the tvansviue courier, lue Senator is lustly indiguant at the ungrateful conduct of the proprietors of the Courier, who have re ceived the kindest treatment at the hands of the distinguished gentleman. It is generally believed that the unjustifiable course cf the Courier was caused by the failure of the pro prietors to secure office from the adminis tration. Senator Yoorhees letter is a mer ited rebuke to the soreheads. The New Albany Ledger asks the folio w- in cunous question : Is it the destinv of the Hebrew race to be come the arbitrators of the world? Win- not? Thej- are cosmopolitan.- Thev have neither nation nor narr: the world is their home. They can look with unprejudiced, impartial eyes upon the quarrels of nations and peopUs. As a race they love peace. hy, then, may they not in the near future be called to act as international arbitrators and stav the hand of war? It would be a glorious destiny for a race persecuted by the wnoie world to return good lor evil by re storing and preserving the peace of" the world. The Fort Wayne Sentinel makes a distinc tion that deserves notice: One of the causes of the terrible distress and pitiful poverty of the mining regions of Pennsylvania is the importation of foreign labor. Poles, Hungarians and Bulgarians swarm through the coal mines. The Poles sometimes make good citizen?, and so do the Hungarians. The old Irish and Welsh min ers confound the Bulgarians who come here with the Hungarians. The Bulgarians are a wretched lot They come in great numbers, and will work for almost nothing. The grumbling against these foreign pauper labor ers is becoming so loud and threatening that more open enmity is to be feared. The Slav may be the cause of the revival of Molly Maguireism. There is something that nobody under stands in the numerous anomalies of the present situation, and the Seymour Demo crat mentions one of them: While the miners in the Hocking Yallev are surrounded by millions of tons of coal and are suffering for bread, the farmers in the North and West have abundance of bread and no coal, and are burning corn for fuel. With our great railroad fac ilities does it not look like there was something wrons about this? Does it not occur to the reader that if the rascally tariff was so modified that the great est could fand markets in foreign ports for her corn that she would have money to buy coal and the Hocking alley miners would have money to buy bread? The Jetlersonvile Times wants informa tion as follows : Does any one have to be told in this late day ot tariff discussion, that protection to one man mean? oppression to another? That protection to the manufacturer of any given article of consumption means oppression to the consumer? To raise the price of an article in the hards of its manufatnrer is to raise its price to the consumer? The manu facturers gain is the consumer's loss? Is there any one so perfectly stupid that he can not see and understand these plain, simple, self-evident propositions? Pretty thin, says the Terre Haute Gazette: The central Idea of the Eads Tehauntepee Railroad plan is to have Uncle Samuel pav the bill, and the plainest dictates of com- monrsense and common honesty warn I ncle Samuel against doing anything of the kind. If it is a good thing, capitalists will talce hold of it as they have of the De Lesseps l anania Canal. 1-et captain r.aus turn his lobby loose on Wall or Lombard streets and keep them away from Washington. Lobby ing around Washington and corrupting Con gress is a vicious and expensive inaugur ation of any enterprise. Let the country follow the advice of the Fort Wayne Journal: From every point of view, from considera tions alike of national pride and commercial interest, we think that all signs of the times indicate want of a firm, dignified and con sistent policy in the management of our for eign aSairs. First let us acquire the arma ment which other nations possess, and then let us unswervingly pursue the policy adopt ed by our commercial rivals in their dealings with other nations. The Logansport Pharos is sound on the Vincent removal: It was a crime to have selected such a fes tering embodiment of fraud and villainy as Dorsey was shown to be during his career as a Republican manager and politician. But what was worse, Dorse was an interested party in the very frauds which the jury, of which he was a rrember, was to investigate. That Vinc ent could have so far forgotten the common decencies of his iKssition as to make the selection, is proof either of hb own ina bility to distinguish between white and black, or a determination to recognize a character ko odious as to be a stench in the nostrils of honesty. Vincent is now attempting to pose as a martyr, and the Tharos notices with some humiliation that its morning contem porary and other cross-roads organs are al readv shedding crocodile tears over his al leged shabby treatment. Too bad! Too bad! Symptoms. Slight pain in the side, the 'skin and eyes assume a thick yellow coat, digestion is im paired, an unpleasant sinking sensation at the pit of the stomach is experienced, the bowels are irregular, the mind fretful, the memory weakened, sometimes a slight cough, coldness of the hand? and feet, sometimes loss of appetite and at others unnatural craving for food, Jiziness of the head, blur ring before the eves, depressed spirits, bad breath, feeling of Uncertainty of having left something undone but can't ti 11 what it is. Take Simmons Liver Regulator, it will re move all thes.? feelings, aai a.ke jr W?U, GRIEF MASTERED' y BV BKN D. HOCSE. V The breath that bore yojr last kiss said, MBe i 'brave!" . ' ' , And then I Mtwwlth white your face im pen r led. But could not your augel wings unfurled; Aud no where moaning autumn night-wiads rave, I lie grief-mtered on your hiding grave; And., though life's voices all about are swirled, Your rottest whisper will out-voice the world If it but give ttu? answer that I crave. '"Dear heart. If with burglarious baad I clutch And break the barrinsr lock that I may know Acaia your angel hand's oft tender touch. VViU not forgiveaes from that pity flw Which once forgave her who had loved so much, Becau-e I love you so I love you so?" CURIOUS, USEFUL AND SCIEN TIFIC. l'asteur's method of vaccination for the cat tie plague has proved successful in India for horses, cows, sheep, buffaloes, asses and ele phant. Bones have been proven to quickly disolve in sea-water. They are consequently seldom obtained during ocean dredgings, although teeth, which resist the action of the water indefinitely, are often brought up. The internal heat of the earth is being investigated by the German Government. A shaft sunk at Schladebach has penetrated about 4,rG5 feet underground, believed to be the greatest depth yet reached by boring. At this point the earth's temperature is lua Fahrenheit. A spider recently observed in the Isle of Wight dragged two or three leaves to the shore, fastened them together with its web, launched the craft and sailed away over the pond, leaving it to dart and dive "after flies and other game, returning with them to the raft to be devoured. It has been estimated that from a single pound of steel costing about fifty cents there can be manufactured 100,000 watch screws worth Sdl. Some of these machine-made screws are so small that an uneducated eye requires the aid of a magnifying glass to see what they really are. Lyell estimated thai the gorge of Niagra River was cut out in about 3.i,ooo years, but surveys to determine the present rate of re cession of the falls indicate that the work may have been done in 10,uo0 years. During forty-one years the average annual wear of the rock wa3 two and three fourths teet. Lime slaked with a solution of salt in water and then properly thinned with skim milk from which all the cream has been taken, makes a permanent whitewash for outdoor work, and, it is said, renders the wood incombustible. It is an excellent wash for preserving wood and for all farm purposes. A German test for watered milk consists in dipping a well-polished knitting needle into a deep vessel of milk, and then immedi ately withdrawing it in an upright position. If the milk is pure, a drop of the fluid will hang to the needle; but the addition of even a small proportion of water will prevent the adhesion of the drop. A vessel off Para reiorts falling in with a mass of spider? floating in the air. The rig ging and sails were covered with the web, the lojjß threads of which formed the bal ioon f Jr the tiny aeronauts. For several miles this spider swarm continued, the Captain estimating that there were mill ions, which had undoubtedly blown from land. The utility of tears to animals in general, and particularly to those which are exposed much to the dust, such as birds which live amid the wind, is easy to understand. The eye would soon be dirtied and blocked up had not nature provided this triendly, ever flowing strerm to wasn and refresh it. A very little fluid is necessary to keep the eye clear and clean. A number of dogs were recently dosed with morphine until they became insensi ble, the object being to determine what drug would act most rapidly as an antidote. It was found that hypodermic injections of theine neutralized the narcotic almost in stantly, although it was employed only after the heart had ceased to beat. Caffeine had a considerable anti-narcotic power, but was not equal to the principle derived from tea. The Journal of the Society of Arts gives an account of Professor Frankland's series of experiments in removing micro-organisms from water by means of filtration. The materials used wefe green sand, silver sand, powdered glass, brickdust, coke, animal charcoal, and spongy iron, all of them being previously passed through a sieve of forty meshes to the inch. Only green sand, coke, animal charcoal, and spongy iron removed the organisms; and even these would rot act longer than one month. Thus the produc tion of steriiied potable water in large quan tities is a matter of difficulty and requires constant renewal of materials. I$ut coke and sjongy iron will act well for long time in re moving large proportions of the organisms and rendering the water at least tit for drink ing. A very simple, though somewhat expen sive, arrarjMiient of telephone wires has been introduced in a Glasgow merchant's office, by which, it is stated the annoyances of in duction are prevented. The ofliee is con nected with the proprietor's dwelling house, some thirty miles distant, by a private line. To prevent disturbance from the induction of other wires, he employs a return wire, and the wires are simply arranged in a spi ral or helical form as follows: .Suppose each post to be provided with four insulators, ar ranged at the four angles of a square, the sending wire is attached to insulator 1 on the firsi post, 2 on the second, 3 on the third, 4 ou the fourth, 1 on the fifth, and so on. The return wire is attached to tne insulators at the opposite corners of the square, or what would correspond to that position, thus forming the belix. FASHION AS IT FLIES. The Leading; Colors Reception Toilette Artistic Kvening Costumes A Novelty in lleadwear Brilliant cardinal, gold, dark blue, ami golden brown are the colors that enter largely into everything that is desired for garniture, and for much La dress aiso. The introduction of the deep, rich olive and bronze shades have a toning effect, but after all they but enrich by lightening the sunset hues, the glitter of gold, and the sparkle of beads and metallic threads. In woolen fabrics the taste is sober enough, especially for the street, as the difference between the indoor toilet and the outdoor costumes grows constantly more marked, this being one of the very best features of our con stantly Improving fashions. ' There are so many varieties of really elegant woollen fabrics now in market, and they are so com fortable to wear, and withal so stylish when properly made up, that it is not at all surpris ing that they form a greater part of the dress material used during the dull, dead and chill seasons of our year. This autumn great preference seems to be given to the rough surfaced woolens with raised or tufted surfaces, some with velvet frise, or a looped or curled surface, w hich gives it a novel effect. The velvet-tufted cloths and the bolide brocades are very handsome, but the smaller the design and the more they seem a part of the fabric and the better they appear when made up. Bed in shades both deep and vivid is a leading color which is likely to prevail this autumn and winter through in dres and in many wraps for either dressy wear or utility ues. Lon? French surtouts of dark red ptockinette, boucle fabrics, or dull red hou- setta cloth m made wUU double-breast? A fronts and box-pleated baefcs open from the tournure down. ' These are trimmed with wide collars and bands of Persian lamW wool, plush, or fur, otter, natural beaver, or other short-haired varieties leing first chosea for wraps of this description. Combination dresses of faille francaise, Itengaline, other repped silk with velvet are among the most tasteful importations for TIMTIJfG AND KECEPTIO.N TOILETTE. These may be in monotone when the velvet is figured or striped, but if two plain mate rials are used, they are oftenest in contrast ing colors. In these dresses there is greater fullness in the skirts and very long draiories, and the eflect is given of one skirt oeiiing over another. As an example of monotone dresses is a rich gown with the ample skirt of sapphire brocaded velvet, with large raised velvet flowers or a ground of repped (uncut) velvet of thesame shade; this is ar ranged with three straight back breadths cf velvet gathered to- very small spa. e on the belt, while two front breadths nearly plain at the belt drop down to form a long apron shaped only by pleats catching un the sides, and cut out in deep sca-llops across the foot to show a border of otter fur set on the foun dation skirt. Down each side hangs a sash- like breadth of Benaline ffilk fringed at the lower end and pleated into a spare of two inches at the belt: on one side this sash has a deep loop falling from the belt, but the other is plain and straight. The hasque of Bengaline has a square plastron of the fig ured velvet, and is cut up in scallops below this plastron; there are also scallop at the end of the middle forms of the back. For a dress in contrasts of color seal brown Sici- lienne or faille francaise is made un to open over a turquoise blue velvet skirt which shows in a wide band inlaid down the front between three pleats of the brown silk, on which are placed cross rows of blue bead fringe. These pleats are wide and not set stittiy. yet are held well in place by the fringe; the silk drapery back of the pleats is caught up high on each side, and descends again in the back to show the blue velvet from belt to foot. The basque is of the silk, with a velvet vest and inside curls. Plush skirts are used in the same way under soft repped silk draperies, and in some instances there are wide bands like borders of metallic galloon straight around them; as this galloon would sink into the deep pile of the plush, modistes make tucks in the plush, and attach the galloon to the lower edge. The New York Tost says of ARTISTIC ;owxs; The idea seems to be very encral that a dress, to be artistic and unique, must be ela borate and intricate, and almost impossible to turn out a success, even when made by the most skillful and deft of American mod istes and manipulators. A dressmaker who is mistress of her art, and can create a toilet of modern fit and finish, can quite as easily produce one that shall prove a faithful rep resentation of the robes of other days, pro vided she has made a study either of antique portraits or of the different stvles of cos tumes of various centuries. There is a pe culiarly quaint and odd appearance about the portraits of the reigning queens of socie ty of the fifteenth century, which have at tractions all their own, and pictures of later date which present the magnificent robes of Florentine and Venetian, women, are all beautiful and unique, showing modifications of the older-fashioned fancies of the fit teenth century; but, after all. they are in n degree superior in beauty, coloring, fabric or design, and no more diincult to re produce than the hundreds of artistic.luxur ious, and intricate toilets which come to us every season from the hands of gifted French designers. Indeed, the low, square-cut smock frock, with a Watteau effect in the back, the bewitching Greek dress, with its chaste folds and graceful drapings; the Flor entine robe, with puffed sleeves, square bod ice, open over a guinipe or chemisette of tulle, and many other historical styles are simple in the extreme compared with many of our toilets laden with garnitures fit for queens and princesses, and triumphs of Par isian art as to fit and construction. In or dering or making an artistic gown taste and a true eye are the only real essentials.A very beautiful artistic dress may be made of a simple perfectly fitting p'rincess dress of white surah, the antique or artistic effect depending solely upon the arrangement of the neck and sleeves, these imparting the re quired flavor of originality. They may be decorated with pearl-covered fraises, puffs, applique bands or lines of gold or silver em broidery. A velvet bodice, a silver chate laine and aumoniere, antique jewels for wrists and throat, a round feather fan. each and all are accessories which should accom pany the dress to carry out the idea taste fully. A softly draping cashmere, cut cu piincesse, with square oien bodice and chemisette Busse, makes a very attractive, artistic house dress, also a cream serge, with bands of ruby or golden-brown velvet as gar niture. There are scores of pretty and bewitching ideas to act upon, but perhaps the most siu-ccssful and attractive styles are those which, while avoiding the extreme of eccentricity in their artistic construction, endeavor to engraft upon the modern costume that picturesque quaintness which is the very life and soul of artistic dressing. THE PLAITED Pl.fsif ItOOHS worn by children are so pretty that older wearers" have long coveted them and the leadinsr French milliner ' in London has brought them out in garnet, ivy green, scabious purple, bronze and dark "blue, to match traveling suits. They are especially chic and becoming, and as they are without frames or wires, and can be folded like a gen tleman's traveling cap, the' are a great con venience. A mode! is shot chestnut and crimson plusk, with large box plaits rising to a high point in the centre, showing the rich shade of crimson lining, with standing loops of ribbon to match, forming a full pull' on the top of the head. The mantle worn with this is one of the superb pelises in brown plush, rich as the best tealkin. deeply bordered with silver fox around the fronts, which open over a close-fitting under dress of gold and brown inatelasse brocade, which shows like a gorgeous facing. A sec ond hood has a crown of plush of mordore- brown, that is, dead gold and brown, with soft front of seal brown plush and three mordore ostrich tips falling over it. The cloak is seal plush, with cashmere fronts in shaded nut color, the hue of new English walnuts, relieved by veinings of brown soutache and lines of gold. Bands of sable, with chenille fringe below, trim this very elegant-looking mantle. The German traveller, Dr. Gerhard Rohlfs, contends that it is unhealthy to wear wool len clothing in the tropics. It is well known, he says, that nearly all animals in Kurope have a thicker coat in winter than in sum mer. But in Tuat, Kufra, and other hot regions of Central Africa sheep imjiorted from colder climates lose their wool in the course of a year, and their skins are then thinly covered with hair. The lion, who at the Cape and Northern Africa has a lone and thick mane, loses his mane entirely in Cen tral Africa. These facts, argues Dr. Kohlfs, prove that there must be some urgent cause for depriving animals of their woollen coats in the tropics, as in other places the same animals have for thousands of years been covered with wool, both in winter and in summer: and they giva a lesson to man which he would do well tcl follow. An investigation of Sunday labor by Car roll Wright shows that while the displace ment of rest by recreation has vastly in creased in America, thus making work for those concerned transit and other means of pleasure, no fact can be produced to support the statement that the mere toil for wealth occupies any more time on Sunday than it did a century ago. . Despite Not the Day of Small Thing. Little things may help a man to rise a bent pin in an easy chair for instance. Dr. l'ierce'8 "Fieasant Purgative Pellets" are Miiall things, pleasant to take, and they cure kick headaches, relieve torpid" livers und do wonders, lteing purelv vegetable they cart uot iiarm any gue. AU drujsists, , ( CID LAW VEÜE TABLE CURE All Bilious Complaints. They am perfectly safe to tat. Mng pvzSLt VXQKTiBLC aot prepared with the greatest car from the best drugs. Thaw rv4Mr tb sufferer CDce by can-Ting off ail impurities throcn t towels. Ahcri'Afsti. ttcattox. Swift's Specific Is nature's own reincir. ras ie from pctgitaer- ed from the forests of ..Krgl. Tbe mechoJ by which it i niH'le wa obtained by half hreed from the Creek Indian, who inhabited certai portion o Oeorjia, which was coai:nn:iH Mteii t oue of tbe early settlers, nn.l fans t!ie t)raiu!a ha been handed own to the present day. The above cut rcpreesents the method of manufacture twenty years go, hy Mr. C T. Swift, one of the present proprietors. The detain 1 bus leeti gradu ally increasing until a $100 .OKI laboratory is now necevsary to Mipply the trade. A foreijra demai.t has been created, and eu'.arjed fai iiilies wüi be necessary to meet t. This gr- .t Vegetable Blood Purifier CURES Cancer, Catarrh, Scrofula, Eczema, Ulcers, Rheumatism, Blood Taint, Hereditary or otherwise, without the ue of Mer cury or Potash. Books on "Contagion Rio J I"oiv3" 3d Blood and Skin Diseas, free. For tale by all drugsif. THE SWIFT SPECIFIC CO., N.Y..157W 23d St. Drawer S, Atlanta. Q. DA 8est inthcYorld. IX SOUTHERN Now is the The ta Tunta. The St. Lonis. Fort Scott and Wichita Railroad offers uneiualed facilities for ExcurMoiii.t aal land explorers to all points ia Western, sonthera and SouthweMern Kausns. via Fort Scott. ichita and t-t. Authouv. pacing through the ri heat agricultural distric t ia the State. Rate of fare, maps and all necessary information mar be ob tained by applying, by letter or iu person, t C. V. RKCTOR. A. G. P. aud T. A.. Fort Scott. Kas., Or E. KFIXEY. T. P. A.. Room 4,Xo.m?i X.High St.,Coluinbus.O. r. O. Box a-.. . -a a tun c 2 AtVlni? Circular, Crosscut. Baad, Gang, Maly ftndlDraa; Saws and Saw Toois. -All work fully warranted. Special attentioa given to repairing. E. C. ATKINS & CO., Indianapoli, Ind. it -rt : . I MLIU) CHEAPER THÄ EVER. Si.! Hrrrth Laa4rf IS. Tk liamit 1 aot t- -NOV SIS. Kifir. at. at. as. C Kaller kau. kr. etc. ta ln. dir POWILL ft SON. 180 Xaia St.. CIS CIA'S AIL O. A PRIZE, ssj Srv1 six cent f.r p-v-tat;?. I receive iree. a cot.y box ! KtKxi which wi.i tie.p an. of cither m-x. to wore moin v riaht away thau anvlhiugcloe in this world, fortune ar ait the workers absolutely mr Term mailed free. TRI E & CO., Aueusta. Mime. Tfl WEAK ESPHrÄÄ nianuood. etc. I will woJ .i vi''!.!;t.ttf tpnm tbeaborr dieHe l iirnon? fur -euro. fr of eharga. AJdra Prat. 1". C FOVLl.K.M4'o.uaa. MEG! OPnjT. A Q-iIrk. TVi-mmneat Curr u.r Lt anb.fc'l, IVbir.-,, t..tisiim kn. nua.'ü?ry. in I"r-.t. Book -at Mi!, PIP jj IQ! IV