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, THE INDIANA STATE SENTINEL.-WEDNESDAY, JULY 21, 18S9.
VSRUSX STATE SENTINEL lEntered st tie Postofflee at Indianapolis m second class matter. TERMS PEtt YEA lit fcrngle copy (Invariably la Alrme.)-. .C1 OO We ak democrats to bear In mind and selecr. their em tat paper when they come to take subscrip tions and make lip club. ' Arents making np clubs send for any information tJesfred. Addtss THL INDIANAPOLIS 3ENTIXEL Indianapolis, Ind- WEDNESDAY, JULY 24. Bureaus of La tor Statistics. Bureaus of labor statistics aro created by law. The fact that legislatures create them and a??i them certain duties is sufficient proof of their importance with out seeking to adduce other testimony. Statistics is not sentiment, nor opinions, but "a collection of facts, arranged and classified, respecting tho condition of the people in a state, or respecting nny particular clas or interest, especially thom subjects which can be stated innura lirrs, or in tables of numbers, or in any tabular and classified arrangement." So pays Mr. Werlte and a better definition cannot be found. Labor statistics deal exclusively with labor, laboring people, their work, their vage.", cost of livinir, their surplus earn ing anl hours of labor, including women and children. Hitherto it ha.n been dilliculf, indeed linopt impossible, to obtain facts relating to such matters m have leen suested. 3fen refused tu answer questions, or they answered some and declined to answer others. As a result, much time and money has been practically thrown away. Tpon a limited number of farts superstructures of conjectures have been reared the best that could be done, and yet unsatisfactory to the statistician and to the public. The subject of lalor within a few years has grown immensely in importance. It has com to the front and has demanded audience. It has asked to bo heard, and legislatures have exhibited greater willing rebs to listen and to learn. Especially is this true of the legislature of Indiana. The declaration may be trite, but it is tot the less true, that all wealth is born cf labor; that ultimately nil revenues are derived from labor, and all taxes are paid irorn its surplus earnings. If this is true, and it is not likely to bo controverted, it affords an explanation of tho interest now taken in the subject of labor in all of its bearing upon the welfare of the state, and explains alsu why the recent legisla ture of Indiana increased the appropria tion to aid the chief of the bureau of sta tistics in supplying tho jeople with facts, and furnishes the reason for clothing him with all necessary power to obtain the facts. When tho chief of the bureau of labor statistics conclude to investigate any branch of the industries of the elate, such questions us he may deem wise to ask must be answered, as appears by the fol lowing sections of the statute now in force: Sec. 3. The chief or I uly authorized deputy hail haye power to examine witness- under rath, to comp! the httendince of witnesses and the production of paper while acting in any part of thi täte, and witnesses may be mirnmoncd by aid chief or uuthoried Wmty thereof by its process in the came manner, a 1 minister oaths and take totiumiiy in all matter relating to the duties herein required of aid bureau. See. 4. Any county, ruiinictjif.l or township cfVieer, corporation, firm, individual r asso ciation doing business within thia state who shall neglect or refuse, for thirty days., to an wer questions by circular or upon personal application, or w ho shall refuse to otey the summons and give testimony according to the provision of this a-t, shall be liable to a pen alty of .1"0, to te collected by the order of the chief of said bureau of statistics in an action wherein the sts?e of Indiana shall be plaintilf. There need be no misunderstanding of the law. It is explicit and to tho point It evinces, on the part of the legislature, ''an intelligent appreciation of reliable sta tistics, f facts, as the basis of argument firo rl con on labor questions, and places Indiana in the front rank of states in all matters pertaining to labor statistics. It is the purpose of the chief of the Indiana bureau to carry out to the letter the spirit of the Jaw enacted by the legislature. The investigation ot such subjects as he selects fr his next biennial report, will be thor ough and exhaustive. Mr. Peeli.e fully recognizes the responsibilities the law im fes and when his next report appears the faets will enable those who construct arguments based upon statistics to arrive at satisfactory conclusions. We wait our old uberilers to remain with til even more than we want new friend. Keep Up your subscription to THE Sknti.nel. Efiertlv Work For Tariff Ilcfbriii. Tho tsriiF reformers of JKssachusetts and Connecticut are hard at work, and protection ideas in both states are rapidly losing ground. The influence of the great institutions of learning is making itself very strongly felt in favor of tariff reform. Associations of college graduates and workingmen have been formed and given th name of "Question Clubs." Every representative and senator in congress, every statesman and political economist, every editor and publicist in New En gland will b asked to respond to short printed questions, exceedingly "sarching" in their nature, and millions of copies of questions and answers will be scattered over the country. When no response is made, a blank space will be left on the leaflet, indicating tho fact and attention called to it. Among those to whom certain questions have been propounded are the Hon. John E. RrssEi.L, ex-member of congress from the Tenth district. He was asked about the effects of the tarilT on wool, and the advisability of retaining or increasing. His reply is direct and to the point. He has not the least hesitation in expressing hli opinion concerning the absurdity of continuing a tax upon this raw material. He points out that in 1S0M, the year after the high wool tariff waa enacted, the num ber ot eheep east of the Mississippi river was in round numbers, ."3,000,000. In ls-87, after twenty years of high protection, the number has sunk to 18,100,000. In the meantime there has been an increase in the number of sheep within the limits of the country of .'JO per cent, but thia has been west of the Mississippi riyer, and it has been due to the extension of railroads and consequent clearing away of Indians and wild animals, giving lands for the most part, free of rent, taxes and all of the ex penses of older civilization. These great wandering flocks, be says, belong to absen tee, and in many cases, alien proprietors, axe ended by Chinese and Mexican, herders, who have no more identity with American citizenship than the Kaffir shepherds of South Africa. As this no madic method of wool-growing is com plaining of loss it can not be said that protection has been a benefit to any American wool-growers. In his opinion, the wool tariff is taxation solely for the purpose of protection, and is worse than other similar taxes because it has not even the excuse of success in its purpose, and as it now stands, constitutes the chief ob stacle in the way of a return to honest taxation to meet tho expenses of a govern ment economically administered. Xono of the champions of the monopoly tariff have yet responded to the questions, but the blanks under their names and op posite these questions are more eloquent than words would be. Twenty-fire ;ent secures Tub Dentin Er. for three months, including thirteen complete stories. If you are not a subscriber, send in your name at once; it you aro already one, be careful not to let your subscription run out. Another Fat I'ryinjr Crusade. The republican managers sire much ex ercised ubout the approaching elections in tho four new states. Thero are eight C S. senators and five representatives, at stake. The republicans must win in order to maintain their present slim majority in the house, whereas defeat will entail no Iom upon the democrats so far as the house is concerned. It npjcars from Washington telegrams to the republican Philadelphia .-, that the same meth ods which were used in New York, Indi ana and West Virginia are to bo employed in the four new etatc and under the same auspices. Qr.vY, "blocks of five ' Pi'Dley, ''Bill" Chamh-lti, Cukksos and other notorious corrnptionists will manage the republican campaigns. It is suid that these fellows have already been in conference with the president about the matter. The latter, accordingto the Lfhjrr't Wash ington correspondent, "feels special inter est in these elections," and is anxious that "the republicans of the country should render what assistance they can" to make them certain for the g. o. p. This means, we presume, another fat-frying crusade against tho manufacturers and corpor ations. It is so interpreted by the 7' tjmph of Philadelphia, which supported Hakkisox and Moijtox, and is a very able and courageous independent republican journal. The Tfh'jmph bays: When the chief magistrate of the country causes it to be proclaimed that he is anxious that republicans shall render assistance to carry elections in new and distant states, he should not hesitate to take the next step, and tat what the reward of the cheerful giver shall be. There is probably no one, not even Mr. ll PI.I'Y himself, who better than Mr. IIakhisun knows about the shameless, corrupt me of money at the lato presidential election; for nowhere else was the use of it more shame Ices than in his own täte. No one should know better thnn lie that, if this corrupt use of money is not stopped, elections will speedily cease to represent the will of the people, and will only represent the most infamous pollu tion of the ballot. There is no one in the entire length and breadth of the land who i tin der such soU-inn obligations as he to Iis courage and prevent this abuse. II is bound by every private and public obligation to dis countenance and condemn it; but he does not do that when be causes it to be announced that it is no secret that he wants the whole body of republicans In the country to contribute to a campaign fund to carry the new states for his party. He is by doing that countenancing, en couraging, inviting, that corruption which was so signal nnd disgraceful a part of tho last presidential campaign. F.en-w your subscription promptly that yonr file may be kept perfect. If you don't care to renew for a year, send u. IT cents for three months. r - Hayes Had a .Judicial Policy," Too. ri:.'.Mjv II.u.-kiov is not tho first president to adopt a "judicial policy." At least one of his predecessors lit tiikri oiik rVKeirr.n IIavks made an experiment in that line. It was not stucessfal, how ever. It remains to le seen whether Pi: ja mix Harrison will fare better in his at tempts to dictate a "policy" to tho judici ary. Mr. II ayks' experiment was made upon Wai.tkh Q. fj rush am. In 1S7S Carev W. Mii.i.kr of this city was arrested for the emliezzlement of a large amount of money from tho First national bank of Indian a pol is, while paying teller of that in stitution. President Hayes was induced by Mr. John C. Nr.w and other friends of Mit.Lr.R to direct Mr. Holstein-, then U. S. district attorrey, to susjcnd proceedings against Miller. On .Nov. in, this action having been brought to the knowledge ot the federal grand jury, then in session, that body came into court nnd asked Judge (iitf.siiAM for instructions. Ho promptly directed the grand jurors to make a thorough investigation into tho charges against Miller. Judge Ores mam said : When you were impaneled at the beginning of the term you swore that you would dili gently inquire sind true presentment make of such matters as should be given you in charge. You could not, if you would, escape the obli gation of this oath by heeding the instruction of the president in this particular case. The president may, if he feels so inclined, interfere even i advance of indictment, by exercising the pardoning power. In no other way has ha the slightest authority to control jour action, lie has it in bis power to pardon the alleged Heilder, and unless he is willing to take this responsibility he has no more right to control your action than the ejir of Russia. The mo ment the e.ieeutive is allowed to control the action of the courts in the administration of criminal jusi'io, their independence is gone. It is due the president to say that the court does not believe he has a.y desire to encroach upon the judiciary or that ne contemplates any unwarranted interference by his instructions to the district attorney. The grand jury made the investigation, and Miller was indicted and nut on trial, just the same as if the president of the United States bad not "ordered" the dis trict attorney not to proceed against him. We are surprised that the Hayes Ciresharn episode did not restrain Presi dent Hariumvn from his attempt to put a judicial policy in force in Utah. Of course he has not forgotten it. Mr. II vyes re members it, we aro sure, and bo docs the country. And.the recollection of it must impress the country with the vast differ ence between the mental and moral qual ities of IIexjamix Harrison and Walter Q. Oresiiam, as well as with the propen sity of republican executives to invade the independence of the judiciary, al though it is guaranteed by tho constitu tion of the United States. If you like The Sentinel, renew your sub scription for six months or a year. . Do not let your name drop from its lists. The laying of the corner-stono of the soldiers' monument will be an event of great interest and importance, not only to this city but to the state at large, and in a less degree to the who's country. The monument will bo one of the moat notable works of art in the United States, and as a tribute to the valor and patriot ism of Indiana's sons who sacrificed their lives upon the altar of their country will Lave a beneficent and elevating siaiU- cance for generations to come. The dem onstration upon the occasion of the corner stone laying ought to be commensurate with the importance of the enterprise, and the munificence which is rearing this splendid testimonial to In diana heroism and manhood. It is proposed to secure, if possible, the attendance of the president and his cabi net, and of Gen. Sherman and other lead ing survivors of the Union army. We hope this will bo done, and everything else that may contribute to make the oc casion a memorable one in our history. And we especially hopo that partisan politics will not be allowed to taint the af fair. The orator, it is to be hoped, will have sense and decency enough to address himself to the patriotism of the people, and not to the prejudices and passions which belong to a bygone era. I.et the political parsons in whom this town abounds be kept in the background, and clergymen who may be depended upon to perform tho task assigned them in a non partisan and non-sectarian Kpirit be chosen for the religious duties of the day. The celebration, properly conducted, will be a landmark in our annals, and one to which persons of all shades of religious and political belief may look back with gratification. Pon't let yo'ir subscription expire. If yon haven't a dollar handy, wend ns '2 cents and your subscription w ill be cxtcuded for three Months. Kome(uetlons About the Tariff. We print elsewhero a communication sent us by a republican reader touching the tariff question. The writer is frank enough to say that he knows nothing about the tariff, and he express the opinion that no one else knows anything about it, either. Ho asks Mr. Snow of Fort Wayne, a recent contributor to The Sentinel, to answer certain questions. The questions aro not difficult ones, and no doubt Mr. Sow could answer them readily. Put we will not wait for him. 1. "How would American manufac turers be enabled to control the markets of the world by getting raw materials un taxed, while labor is cheaper in Europe than here?" Because of the superior intelligence, en terprise and efficiency of American manu facturers. They have more extensive nat ural resources at their back ; cheaper and better processes of production and dis tribution ; more advantages of every kind, except in the matter of the cost of raw materials. Wherever they have been placed upon an equality in this respect they have gone to tho front. As to the relative cost of labor in Europe and in this country, tho difference is more ap parent than real. Tho average working man in Europo receives less than the average workingman in America because he earns less; that is, because ho produces less. Measured by efficiency and product ive power, lalor in most industries is cheaper in the United States than in Europe; that is, it is piid less in pro portion to what it produces. Mr. Elaine, in one of his reports while secretary of state under Garfield, demonstrated this to be true äs to tho labor engaged in the cotton manufacture; and it is true in most other lines. As a gen eral rule all over the world, tho manufac turers who employ high-priced labor (measured in day's wages) outstrip their competitors who employ low-priced labor. This is notably tho case in the United States. It is because high-priced labor is more intelligent, more skillful and more productive than low-priced labor. '2. "Have tho producers of raw material no rights that manufacturers are bound to respect?" Of course they have; but they have no more rights than those who are neither producers of raw material nor manufac turers. These aro not allowed to levy tribute upon their fellow-citizens; no more should tho producers of raw ma terials nor the manufacturers be allowed to do so. Repealing the taxes on raw ma terials would stimulate our manu facturing interests legitimately. It would enable them to absorb more crude materials than at present, which would soon equalize matters with the domestic producers of such materials. The latter, too, would be enabled to buy manufact ure'! articles and other commodities cheaper than at present. The producers of raw materials wool, iron, coal, copper, lumber, etc. aro entitled to just as much consideration at the hands of the govern ment as other classes of the people, but to no more. 0. "How would a reduction of the tariff enable manufacturers to giva labor staady employment at remunerative wages?" A reduction of the tariff would improve the demand for and compensation of labor in two ways: Py cheapening tho cost of production it would enable our manufact urers to successfully compete with their European rivals in neutral markets those of Asia, South America, Africa, Aus tralia and the West Indies; and, by open ing up our markets to the people of those countries, it would cause them to take our productions in exchange for their own. Now they buy just as little as possible from us because wo refuse to buy of them. We are glad to have our republican readers ask questions about the tariff. It shows that they are thinking about this great eubject. When men begin to think about the tariff and ask questions about it, their accession to the grand army of tariff reformers is only a question of time. Talmage preaches to 50,'k.iO people every week through The Sentinel. P.cad his sermon on tnotber pn?e. The liaw anrj the White Caps." To the Editor Ar; Some of our best people here want to know whether the last Ie2i.sln.ture of Indiana passed any law for the suppression or punishment of secret clans, known aa "White Caps." If so, will you pub lish the law? Also, please give your views as to whether any decent, respectable citizens can or do in dorse such cowarly clans. ltoBEBT Gale. Cruwfordsville, Ind., July 16. Tho legislature at its last session enacted a law providing "that, if three or more persons shall unite or combine together for the purpose of doing an unlawful act in the night-time, or for the purpose of doing any unlawful act while wearing white caps, masks, or being otherwise dis guised they shall bo deemed guilty of riot ous conspiracy, and upon conviction there of shall be imprisoned in the state prison not rnon than ten years, nor less than two years, and fined in any sum not exceed ing 2,000." This law was approved Feb. 28, last, and went into force on that day. Tite Sentinel's opinion of tb'ose who be long to or .countenance or tolcrato the White Caps or any other association for the practice of crime, under whatever pretense, is, or ought to be by this time, pretty well known throughout Indiana, Tue Sentinel has repeatedly said that no good citizen no decent man will have anything to do with this or any other law less organization; and that all who belong to it, or give it sympathy or support, are public enemies, and ought to be treated as euch. Po yon like Tue Sentinel? Show it by ex tending jonr subscription six months. All the accounts given of the readers to be furnished under the new law by the Iudiana school-book ring, show that they are twenty or thirty years behind the times. Rooks prepared for the crude civilization of Missouri thirty years ago cannot be revamped to meet the re quirements of the high and progressive edu cational system long established in Indiana. The enforced use of books of an inferior char acter, such as these unquestionably are, w ill be an immeasurable injury to the schools and the educational standing of the state. Tho abovo is a portion of one of the advertisements inserted by tho school book trust in the editorial columns of the Journal. These statements as to the ago of the new text books have been made so often by tho trust that it is possible somo persons may bo misled by them. As a matter of fact all of the text books recentl)' adopted by the stato board is a new publication. Not one of them is as old as the newest of the trust books. The state board of education, after a thorough and careful examination, pronounced them equal, in every respect, literary and mechanical, to the books already in use. The new books speak for themselves, and the trust will not succeed in convincing the people that they are obsolete, or in ferior in any way to the books it has been so long selling at two prices. Pon't let your subscription run out. If you have not a dollar at hand, send us a quarter, and your subscription will be extended three months, or sis months for 50 cents. The Journal is a good deal excited be cause The Sentinel bluntly stated that its school book articles were advertise ments, paid for by the rotton old school look ring at so much per line. The Journal calls The Sentinel some very ugly names, and lies about it savagely, just as if its reputation had been seriously injured by The Sentinel's statements. But the JonrvaF outburst does not injure The Sentinel, and docs not deceive anybody. Everybody understands that the Journal sold out to the school book ring months ago. It has done a great deal of dirty work for tho ring, euch as slandering some of the best men of In diana of both political parties, and has been well paid for it. This was only to bo expected from the newspaper which has found profit in lying for tho Standard oil company, the Indianapolis gas ring, the Clay county coal operators, the ras cally paving ring, and every other com bination or person engaged in swindling the people that has needed its columns. Always a loodlo organ, the Journal will be cheek by jowl with tho school book ring so long as the latter has money to f pend with it. Examine a copy of The Sentinel carefully and remember that it cokU less than 2 cents per week. When Mr. Clevela.ni became presi dent Vineland, N. J., had, of course, a republican postmaster. His term had two years to run, and he was allowed to servo it out. Then Mr. Cleveland ap pointed a democrat, Pr. Charles P.rf.v kr, as postmaster. Dr. EuEWEKhas just been removed in the middle of his term, by President Harrison. The Vineland oi 117 Journal (rep.) says: We regret to note the undue haste of the administration in making a change in the Vineland postoflice, as announced in this morn ing's dispatches. Dr. Brewer has been a faithful, conscientious and accommodating rtottniastcr, and it was the wich of the Vine and people, irrespective of party, that ho should be allowed to remain in the office until the expiration of his term in fWl. Should a vote be taken here to-day on the question of his removal, we believe the verdict would be almost unanimous in favor of retention. The appointment of Mr. Parsons would have leen entirely satisfactory at the proper time, but, coming as it has, will rather tend to rouse unpleasant partisan feeling. The office will probably never be administered more satisfac torily than during the past two years. Talmage preaches to 50,000 people every week throngh Thk Skntinel. Head his sermon on another page. The Clay county miners have again re jected a proposition to return to work at the starvation wages offered by the oper ators. They are still ready to submit to an arbitration, and the continued refusal of the operators to agree to this ought to make public sentiment more unanimous and emphatic in support of the miners than ever before. They have conducted themselves ever since theso difficulties began in a manner that entitles them to popular respect and sympathy. Their condition is deplorablo in the extreme, and it is to be regretted that contributions to tho relief fund have fallen off so greatly during the last few days. A generous hearted gentleman yesterday sent The Sentinel $23 for their benefit, and wo hope this action will inspire others to liberal offerings. Any eum, large or small, will be acceptable. The Sentinel will promptly acknowledge and forward all amounts received for this purpose. Cleveland rejoices in sixty-three mil lionairesif they aro things to be rejoiced over. A number of them are multi-millionaires. Standard oil Rockefeller heads the list with an income of ST,000,000 a year or about $2.000 a day. This means, on a six per cent, basis, that Mr. Eockefel i.eb is worth $150,000,000. Col. Oliver Payne, another Standard oil man, is put down at $22,000,000. A score or moro are rated at between $2,000,000 and $10,000,000 each. Cleveland is certainly a very rich town, although, besides her sixty-threo millionaires, she has good many times eixty-three tramps and paupers. Her im mense fortunes, however, do not represent the fruits of honest industry. They are very largely the producta of knavery. As Abraham S. Hewitt says: "Superfluous riches will not stand the test of human justice." The Indiana school book company maybe a non-partisan organization, but we hardly be lieve it. Edward Hawkins, K. C Bell, William Fleming and Warden Mcrdock may be non-partisan in their position on the school book question, bnt they nave something of a reputation as political manipulators, just the same. AVm'a Journal. TLe president of the company is Jose phis Collett of Terre Haute, a promi nent republican. The vice-president is E. P. Huston, of Evansville, also a promi nent republican. Other members of the company are cx-Congressraan William Heilman of Evansville, who has been for years cue of the leaderä of the republican party in Indiana, and D. J. Mackey, also of Evansville, and a pronounced and in fluential republican. When republican papers attack the Indiana school book company they attack some of the leading men in their own party. Five hundred protected silk workers at Paterson, N. J., have struck against a 10 per cent, reduction in wages. Last fall these highly protected workingmen got their pay in envelopes bearing printed statements to the effect that Harrison's election would bring higher wages, while Cleveland's re-election would cause a reduction of wages. If they have pre served these envelopes they must enjoy reading them now. PERSONAL PARAGRAPHS. Pru Mary Walke announces that she is willing to accept the consulate at Valparaiso so haughtily spurned by Koswell (i. Ilorr. A NEW marvel at the Paris exposition is the champion female wrestler, Jeanne du Itosay. She performed in the amateur circus of M. Mol ler, and lately it took a noted wrestler eight een minutes to throw her. Secretary Norle's house in Washington, the old Tiffany mansion, is one of the most luxuriously furnished houses in the city. It contains, among other interesting thinjs, & valuable collection of ancient armor. GEN. Neai. Pow has an invalid daughter who has been confined to her chair for years. She has devoted herself to the study of lan guages, and is now pcrtectly conversant with J .a tin, (ireek, Germau, pauitih, Trench and Kussian. George Francis Train is an occasional exhibit in the Hoffman house art gallery these warm evenings, says the New York Sun. He dresses all in white, with his usual boutonnicrs slightly exasperated in sie and brilliancy, and wears a light straw hau IT is now said that Mr. Blaine is superstitious. He was about to start July 2 for Woodstock, Conn., to attend the celebration there, when he suddenly remembered that the day was the ad versary of the shooting of Garfield, w hereupon he decided not to go, and sent his regrets. Cmavncey M. Pet-ew dined with Mr. Glad stone in London Tuesday and attended the opera with him. He spent six hours with him, and says he has never seen Mr. Gladstone so full of vigor and spirits. They discussed many subjects and each seemed to be Mr. Gladstone's specialty. PlNAll SAlIFOr, the king of Seneeal, who is an object of interest to visitors at the Paris ex position, is a handsome man, tall of stature and fifty-two years old. He wears a w hite mantle, wiih a velvet head covering somewhat like a Greek fez. He is an intelligent man and speaks French fairly well. The simple but imposing monument to Bos coe Conkling in Forest Hill cemetery, I'tica, is finished. It is of Quincy grauite in the form of a sarcophagus, about nine feet hk;h. On the east side of the base is the iiiMTiption, "Roscoo Conkling;" on the west, "Born October .10, ls:'H. pied April 1, 1$7" It was selected by Mrs. Conkling. Col. Sam Scott of Kansas City Is tho most daring and prosperous real estate dealer and speculator west of the Mississippi, and possibly in the country. II has made himself several times over a millionaire by fortunate invest ments in Kansas City, St, I-ouis and other western points. It is said he is now getting ready for a bit; deal in Mexico. John IU'TLF.r, a negro messenger of the state department, who weut to Perlin with the Snmoan commission, has returned to Washing ton, lie says: 'Tount Herbert llismarck is one of the finest-looking men I ever saw. He is a big man, with an excellent figure and a very handsome face. I cannot say as much for the emperor. He is a small, ordinarydookin? individual and would never attract attention by bib personal appearance. I saw Prince His marck and Von Moltke during a review at Pots dam and was surprised to see how strong and active they are." FOUR AND A-FIFTH PER CENT. What a Well Fqutppvct I'nnn in Central In 1 Ii 11 it ltiiiiKS Its On-ner. 1-"OH TtF.NT Mr fsrni of 1V acres, well watered 1 and no wasic laud. For terms spply to . To THR l-PITOR Sir: The above advertise, mcnt appeared in a county journal of central Indiana, and with the idea of learning the prof its of such an investment the writer iubütuted an investigation. The farm had been rented, in answer to the advertisement, and was, as Mated, a well equipped piece ot property. It had cost the owner $"" an acre ,2.r0 being the investment The farm had been rented for $.'."i0 per year, or 4 1-5 per cent, on the money invested. To the casual observer thesa figures tell a wonderful tale: that in this country the gar den spot of farm industry, the land of 8 per cent, tuortgnges and 7 per cent, and better, manufacturing investments the country where agriculture should flourish like a green bay tree in the teeth of its vaunted prosperity, farms go begging at 4 l-. percent, seems almost incredible. Tho man who owned the farm voted for a continuation of the supposed high tarifl prosperity, lie was told by I'.laine, Car negie, Jarrett. et al., that a 47 per cent, tax hud created for him a home market unexcelled. He believed them when they declared that the democratic party was in league with the brit ish powers, seeking to destroy w hat blessings they did enjoy by opening the flood-gates and exposing them to the competi tion of the world. "What fools these mortals be." that they cannot reason for themselves. Ix t the farmer take any reliable paper nnd he will see that his market is based upon Liver pool quotations, and is in no way atected by a 10 or a 1UO per cent, tariff. Ix t him reason that, no matter how many manufactories there are on American shores, he sells his wheat to them for the same price that others pay for it, yet in turn pays 47 per cent, profit to the "barons" on almost everything that he con sumes, bet him note the rapid increase of mortgaged farms in this garden land of the Mississippi valley, how the farm industry which should be our staff and sustenance as a ration crumbles and disintegrates under the baneful influence of a 47 per cent, tariif. Man's reasoning powers must indeed fall short if he cannot see that our millionaires have been created from the very effort of our toiling masses. And "how long will it be, oh Israel! till thine eyes are open to theso iniqui ties?" How long will it be before tlx American farmer analyzes for himself these fallacies tau?ht by the emissaries of bosses and opera tors? The Sentinel, I am glad to see, has faith in the American people, and believes that if the taritt is made a question of the hour until some thing is done to relieve the stress, high taritf fallacies will soon be reckoned at a "false philos ophy", in the nineteenth century. 11. Ladoga, Ind., July 17. TARIFF INQUIRIES. An Old Pioneer Can't See How Reducing; Taxes Would Improve Matters. To the Editor .Sic- In the first place I want to acknowledge that I know nothing about the vexed question of the tariff, and in the next place I want to say that I don't believe anyone else knows any more than I do; but it seems that one Mr. Snow of l ort Wayne thinks be knows about it, by an article of his I saw in The Sentinel some days ago, in w hich he thinks he proves beyond question that "the best way to protect American interests is to re duce taxes." He says "the democratic jarty is the only party that is or ever has been in favor of a tarifl for protection to American inetrests." Then he irives his ideas thus: "Protect Amer ican manufacturers by putting all raw material on the free list to enable them to control the markets of the world." Now that looks well on paper, if he would show us how it would en able them to control those markets while labor is so much cheaper in Kurope than here: for I can't see it, I confefs. Besides, what would the producers of raw material have to say to such an arrangement; or have they no rights that manufacturers are bound to respect? Again, he says: "Protect American labor by reducing the tariff so ax to enable manufac turers to give to labor constant employment at remunerative wages." Hut he does not tell us how such reduction would produce such happy results. Next: "Protect American homes by reducing tbe tariff so as to enable Americans to have homes." Last: "Protect the home market by reducing the tariff so that capital and labor may be con stantly employed." Nowallth&t ii vtry tice and ku portent, if trne; but all this milk-nlnm of business is given as a result of a reduction of our tariff, but not one single reason is given why such reduction should or could produce such a desirable re sult. I acknowledge this may all be true, but the how is beyond my comprehension, and as Mr. Snow seems to know all about it, I write this purely for information. For, as 1 said at tho beginuing, I know nothing about tbe tariff question. TnE Old Pioneer. Indiauapolis, July 20. BEAUTIES OF PROTECTION. Do Not Pnt Yonr Nriiii on the Packages or I Will He Discharged." To THE Epitor Sir: Inclosed yon will find an advertisement taken from an eastern paper. In view of the struggle now going on in Clay county it may be interesting to the public generally to know what these men and others have had to coutend with for years. That the advertisement is no fnle one thousands of us can atttst It speaks for itself; therefore, comment is needless. As The Sentinel has shown that it desires nothing bnt justice to thess strus:i;ling miners, I ask, in the name of common humanity, that you give spnee to the above and trust that you will call the attention ofthat friend of liberty nnd th workingman the Journal to the hidden beauties of protec tion, as evidenced by the coal barons of Penn sylvania, who are so sohci'ous for the welfare of their employes, ns to "protect" them from being robbed by other merchants. Thanking The Sentinel lor its grand work; I remain, yours, etc.. Miner. Hugger, Ind., July 1". The advertisement inclosed is from an Alle gheny (Pa.) paper and is addressed to the mill hands w ho nro compelled to trade in the rob bing plutk-mc fctore. It is as follows: M A1MIK1.I, 1 1I K A'll .Ium I K, WILL JSAVH YOI MONTY! IK VOC ASK A KKE MAN. "ro not rrr toi r nami: v tu i: r vsors on i w n L nr. WM-HAB'.r.n." I snj constantly in receipt if orders for poM .i hlpiird to ditter.-nt pnru f nr ti.tte and rwceire thfl nhoTB ivti run ion,. I am not itri)iti! in rounterfeit m-i'r, nor m I enjr.ieed in the Ihimo'-m of dn-ky t prn- fof'Si,n:il prnhibittoiilM. I am utilr a rror-er, und sell nothing any one need te asli.inn .l to hnv. The nin lio write t!pn nnii-i ara ritifcsof Pennsylvania and arc popularly aupp'.n.! to lc fr nK'n. Tl'fy are not free, hut ari a tr:i!y ulaf av was any nccro of thr Smth. tcfre the war. Tliey toll hard in tii nmn-s of our t;it-. 'I !u ir wat-s arc surnly low enouph. yet tluir nieinyfi claui I ho right to control itn ir .it;os ift r ilc y hate, earned tliclll. The constitution of the I'nitcit States ! larr that all men are horn free and coital. l'ut ly no stretch of Imagination ran tlu-e nidi he ;tid to hare riehts e)iiHl to the nu'ti vhn employ them. Our mini iters portray the co:ir-" "t ititi'tupt-rance from tho pulpit. Our edit .rs produce Ion art.i;. of fit u re anlinst it. Our ladies pray on the Mre t corners for t h cumins of prohibition, hut no can bn found who w ill protest at'SinM iio 1 1 m. Nay, more, tho very mm who ura the 1 a ! rs of the corporations, who by a word can iimke or nn luale this system of slavery, are honored in our nd lt and poe as tho lesdors of public charities. Misnie on such eharitr, hirh will deprlre s frllow mno of his freedom wlih the, one hind and with the other dipene ai eharity some of the money wrung from his su,!eiitiK. MAKIIF1.L, 73 AMD HI OlltO-ST., Corner Sandusky, Allegheny. WEATHER CROP BULLETIN. The Past Week Wanner Than final and Fatorsble to Oops. "Washington, July 21. The week endinir July 20 has been slightly warmer than usual in the states west of the Mississippi river and in Mississippi, Maryland, Delaware and portionsof Penn.-ylvauia, Virgin in and Alabama. About the normal temperature has prevailed in the south Atlantic states, the Ohio and the upper Mississippi valleys, while the daily temperature in New r.nulaud nnd the upper lake region, hi eluding the northern portion of Indinna, Illinois and Ohio has averaged about three decrees be. low the mean for the week. The thermal con ditions for the season have changed but slightly since the last report. There has been more than the avcrneo amount of rainfall during the week, generally throughout the northern states, the only excep tions bei nrr in Minnesota, northern Wisconsin and cast Dakota, where only local showers oc curred. The heavy rainialls during the pint week have reduced the seasonal dclieh-ncy of rainfall previously reported in t lie upper Ohio valley, includite portions of hio, Indiana and Kentucky, where ubout 7o per cent, of the usual rainfall is reported. In Minnesota rnd 1'r.kota the weither was favorable for growing crops and for harvesting, which is in progress as far north as central Minnesota. Throughout the principal corn states, from Ohio westward to Nebraska, the weather was generally fairly favorable to that crop, which is reported in excellent condition, but excessive rains enticed some damage to wheat and oats and interrupted harvesting in some localities. Kentucky reports tobacco crop improving under the lavorable weather of the past week, that the harvesting of a good crop ir. in progress, and that corn was never in better condition. Harvesting is well advanced in the middle Atlautio mutes, but somewhat delayed by rains in Pennsylvania and New Jersey. In New Kngland the weather condi tions were favorable or all except the potato crop, and the larger portion of the hay crop has been secured with but slight damage. THE DEBAUCHED MAIL SERVICE. Matters Going From Itl t Worse De moralization on the tVabnsh. To THE Editor. Sir: I,oud and long was the clamor when Cleveland removed a few re publicans from tbe mail service and replaced thera with democrats. Every republican paper in tho country remarked the deplorable con dition ot the service, but now since Harrison lias removed the democrats, very little is beard from that source. Once in a while, however, rm expression uill eseape some member of the party that is not complimentary. The people of this vicinity certainly have just cause for complaint Hardly a week passes but what some matter is negligently delayed. On several occasions the clerks on the Wabash line through here have carried letter matter to .St, Louis and returned it twenty-four hours afterward. Fre quently sacks of daily papers are car ried to the terminal points. and fail to arrive in a reasonable time, r ouches are thrown oil here that belong to .nfayctteor Logansport, and Peru pouches are carried past tlieir destination. The frequency of these mistakes is causing wide complaint, and unless mutters change for the better the "civil service reform party" will lose adherents in this locality. On the Wabash line, under Cleveland's administration, nine republicans continued throughout tho four year.. Now, after five months, seven democrats remain, and these expec t to be released at any moment. The total number on this line from Toledo to St, Louis is forty. Your correspondent has in tervied several stock men who receive daily papers from the Last, and five out of six inter viewed my that never to their recollection was the delivery of their mail so irregular, fo no torious has the delay of mails become that even Y. V. Lockwood, editor of tbe Peru Ilepul. Lean, said privately a few weeks ago in the postoflice. "I sec no reaon why some of this matter does not arrive sooner." Under Cleve land's administration it had been arriving on time. El) CüX. Feru, July 2 Strictly Trtvate. To the Editor Sir: The following lines are copied from the back of an envelope which passed through this ofiiee to-day and illustrates the sarcasm of tbe writer and points to some of the crimes prevalent in the land of the White Caps: Lckerty. Ind., July 15. I. McDer.MOTT PRIVATE. These confounded envelopes are so very small That a per-n can put nothing in them at all, And hence I've concluded, tho' critics deriite. To mark my note "private" and writ It outide; And what is the use that ray letters be sealed, W hen all of their contents are shortly revealed Hy dihnnet neiffhliors, who lift" them for you. Hut "hold" them themselves till they hold a review? Oh! woe to ray country here honor s so losM W here, on billows of crime It poor children are tossed ; Where floirging nnd niureVr and thieving prevail. And neighbor are rifling their own neighbor's mall ; "And Jurors their lips on '.he bible have laid. To render a verdict they've already made," 1 ut 1 trust, my dear friend, that none ahall review Thee lines, which are private and meant but for you ; For I'd pawn tha lat drop of my blood for a dime, Kre I'd have them to think I'm aware of their crime. Too IMaln l or ArKumrot. Botton Herald.! That protection does not protect the laborer is ns palpttble as hard facta can make anything to be. ABOUT SCHOOL BOOKS. Tbe Silly Assertions of Bins Organs. Effect Ively Jlnawtred. Lafayette Journal.! The school book publishers of this conntry have formed a trust and will take all their amenta off the road. The people mtst havw books for their children. The trust will di vide profits and sell at its own extravagant price meanwhile saving all the expense of ?ents. Indiana, under the operation of her new law, will escape from this octopus, and, after September next, school books will cost not much over half the present price. It is amusing to note the objections tbe subsi dized newspapers of Indiana are mskiu? to the forthcoming new school books. The bend of this coterie of "objectors" is the Indianapolis Joiirital. It says the new books are of an inferior order and lor this reason abuses the company that is to furnish them. It overlooks the fact that this I company wa a competitive bidder and sub j mitted its books to the ta!e board of educa l tion, in which is vested the sole jvower i of determining thj quality of these book. That hoard is composed of tbe j superintend! nt of public instruction, the gov , ernor, the President of Purdue, the etate uni j verity imu state normal school and the superin tendents of tli,- In tianiipoiis, Evansville, Terre ! Haute nnd Pert Wayne city schools. Cer tainly this board is competent to select cood school bonki and will do ro. '1 he responsi bility is with the board and not with the com pany. After the books are selected, con tract made and bond filed by thecoropany.it will be the duty of the board to see that the company complies wi:h its contract. Put, says the Journal, "this new law creates a monopoly." l'oesit? It five a low, minimum pri--c and opens competition to the worll fat oring only the lowest and best hi. i h r under the terras of the law. The best bidder is the one Itaving the lcst book. Again, the .h.untt says "such n law will j force t.u uniformity in t-xt books." That's so. Hut what is the o,j,-, tlon? That is just vhrU the people want. Van Atittvcrp, Hrarj V- Co., that now furni-h Indiana " per cent, of its school books, sccired tlu-ir Jarre sals by this very arnmcnt-and it is a sound and loienl one. Mete uniformity means that a family can move from county to county all over the state nnd use th -a me school-books. 1,irk of uni lortnity neons that a move from one county to tli- next in.ij encounter a diirent make of school-book, and, ns a result, a purchase of a new set of school book. Indiana has been tryin? for years to srsfrr-s-tize-her public sehyol and secure nt.iformity in correMioiplini; irr.v'rs. so tiiat the a.'t num ber of children, w bo change their resideuce every year may not only continue their school work without interruption, but without having to buy new books every time their parents move. "There are as good fih in the scs. as were e ver cauzht out of it," and as pood school looksca'i be written as have been written. Nu b will be the case under Indiana's nen law, and. best of all. there will be a saving of . p per cent, in the cost to purchasers. It is not the peopie, but the school book rings, that are objecting to the new law. When some newspaper jrets tip on its haunches in defense of the present system of robbing the people, it is safe to ssv that the cloven hoof of soro school book ring has made a trark in that office and its editor "has been seen." GRAY IN CALIFORNIA. He Talks About Our New KlecUon Uw and Other Matters. lios Aneele fCabi Herald. F.x-Gov. Iaac P. (rayof Indiana i at th Nudcau. lie is a ccntleman past the meridian of life, but bale, robtit and in the possession cf all bin physi'-al faculties to the lull measure of middle He. He has till the appearance of the astute and able man be is reputed t tie. He stands, perhaps, over live feet ten inches, and we iidis nearly L'iil pounds. He wears a bricht smile that (jiiickly puts a stranger en rapport with binrin conversation. Lack of space prevents the Jlrrn'J giving at full lentrth our interview with the statcsmsn. .oiiip points of his conversation are too import ant to pa-s over. It is in r lation to the new voting I iw passed in Indiana. Hetails of the system will be given at a future date. Hereto fore the voting laws of the Hoosier state sem to have been made for the purpose of sncteat ing and inviting fraud al the ballot-boxes. Hen after "b!o: ks of five" will be a hard game to play. It will be impossible under this fys ton for vote-buyers to learn by any means whether their men staved bought. That is dicourtiLing to the handlers of boodle, ns it iroes without saying that the fellow who m-Us his vote is "a mlchty onsarlin cus." I'.y virtue of the change, dov. Cray let Is con b lent that the state nt Indiana is democratic from thi- time on. It is an important matter, for the reason that thff term of the "Tali Sycauioro of the V.'aba-h" in the 1. S. senate will expire in ls;u, ami the legislature elected next year will choose his successor. Cov. Cray has one over all Washington ter ritory, and it is his opinion that a small modicum of work done there would set the new statx afl nit with a democratic banner at the mast head. ndiP'rial Comment Our city is just now honored with the pres ence of ex-Cov. Gray of Indiana, one of the most distinguished political leaders in the I'nited Stab s. Mr. Cray has tnade an extended trip over the Pacific coast, including Washing ton territory and Oregon. Asitis his first trip to this part of the republic, he finds that the country surpa-ses in reality anything he had imagined it to be before he aa-v it. He cees in the undeveloped nnd divendficd resources of this coast the elements of a future greatness far beyond anything he could have acriled to it before his view had been clarified by a personal inspection. The name of Gov. Gray tins been conspicuously prominent in the demo cratic party for a number of years, and since the death of Mr. Hen Iticks he has been looked upon by the people of his own state as that trent lenian's natural and legitimate political successor. Had it not been for the emitily worked-up hurrah for Mr. Thurnian in the last national democratio convention, he wculd have bad the second place on the ticket. That would have secured the electoral Tote of Indiana to the party, for Mr. Gray has never been defeated in his own etute. He is a man of pronounced political sagacity, and his advice as a party leader is always wise and instinct with success. Amongst the possible inen in the party for the highest office in the nation, none stands more conspicuous before the people of the country than Isaac P. Gray. We hope his visit here will be an agreeable one, and that he will return home w it h pleas ant memories of the part of the republic w hich we would be glad to see all our leading men become familiar with by per.-onal inspection. The Coal Ilarnn' Oefens. Ch!ea;;o tilobe. The pretext upon which the coal-mine owners are holding thousands of miners and their families in a starving condition is that they mut secure a lower scale of wnges in order t- j mi ke mining remunerative. It is a raanifcftly absurd and false pretense. Consumers are forced to pay any price for coal the mine owners may unite in demanding. There eaa be no dispute about that. The (Inference of 10 J or 20 cents a ton for mining a diterence which l to the hard-working miner marks the line between decent mbMstence and partial starva tion need not take a cent from the pocket of the mine-owner. Miners' wages are added to the selling price of coal and p.vid by consumers. The people of the country prefer cheap coal, and will buy at the lowest price. That is en tirely natural. P.ut they do r.ot expect or ask that miners or their families shall go hungry in order that the coal-buyer may save ?10 on the price of a hundred tons of fuel. M;ne-owners and coal-dealer find no ditliculty !n etJectinr; combinations to raise or maintain prices to or at the roint that insures laree profits. They will Lave to find a better reason than any necessity in the matter of remuneration for the. inhuman ity that dictated the lockout, if they expect the public to retard that proceeding as anything eltte than barbarous tyranny. lie YYna an Old Friend. Dorllnston Free Press. Miss S?weetlip "Algy, dear, I've got a dis tressing piece of news for you. Pa has gone aud bought a large doc." Algernon Tightlit" Where did he get himT" Mit-s .Sweetlip "Of Mr. Itrown." Algernon Tightfit "Oh, I'm not afraid. (Sotto voce: "I made friends with that dog when I was courling Amanda Brown!") A Good Kxrnse. Ivtroit Free Press. '"Have yon any particular object in loabng here?" asked the contractor of a new building of an idler who was in the way. "Yes. sir." was the prompt reply. "Well, what is it?" "I want to dodge my creditors, and they wHll Lever think of looking for me where ther U any work going on." .