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THE INDIANA STATE SENTINEL, "WEDNESDAY lIOTlNINa, JANUAUY 25, 1893-TWEYLE PAGES. INDIANA STATE SENTINEL BY THE INDIANAPOLIS SENTINEL CO. S. E. MORSS. President. IXsUxcd at tbe Poatonc at Indianapolis aa Mooni cUm matter. TERMS I'ER YARi tSXie eopv (InTariaMf In AdTanee.) ........... l O .UTe aft drmorrato to War in aiind and aekct thMr Ivi itat pupr when they mbi t take subacrtp. liest and iuake op- cloba. ArmU miking up clnM nd for anv information Mlitd. Adtltbs THE 1M1A ArOLIS 6EKTINEL, Indianapolis. fn.L "WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 25, 1803. FREE. $2 for $1. National Live Slock an Farm Journal CHICAGO, ILL. "Weekly, IS to 32 Pages, Illustrated. Subscrip tion price, f 1 a year. DTotd to General Farmfngr, Horses, Cattle, Ebeep, Swine, the Dairy and the Chicago Mar ktt Reports. Just the piper every intelligent farmer. Stock-raiser and dairyman will find apesia.ly Interesting and valuable. Sent Free lor One Year To subscribers for The Indianapolis Sentinel. Each new yearly subscriber for THE WEEKLY BLSTISEL, in clube of three or more, with rem ttanee of fl each. w:l! receive for one year, TREF OF CHARGE, the Weekly .National lift ä.oek and Farm Journal. Two Papers for the Price of One. This remarkable liberal offer is made for a limited time only to secure new subscribers, and is confined to those who are not now taking either The Sentinel or the Journal. SPECIAL TERMS forth Journal and sev eral other papt-rs will be sent to present saV teribera of The Sentinel who cut out thie ad vertisement and send it, inclosing two one-eent Stamps to National Lire fctoak and Farm Jear Chicago. Remit by draft on Cnieage or Now York 'postal otder, registered letter or express order. Address INDIANAPOLIS SENTINEL CO., Indianapolis, Ind. Rutherford Burchard Hayea. HcrnEEFORD B. Hayes, ex-president of "the United fctates, died last week at his borne ia Fremont, O., after a brief illness. The announcement of his death will come es a great surprise to the country, as the first intelligence of his sickness was only published yesterday in the morning papers. Gen. Have.", although personally a man tit many excellent and amiable qualities, Will occupy an unenviable position in biatory because of the peculiar circum stances attending his elevation to the pres idency. He was nominated aa a com pro mise candidate. Ilia position in his party bad not been auch aa to entitle him to lerious consideration in connection with this high office. He had served in the union army creditably, but without spe cial distinction, having reached no higher rank than that of a corps commander. He bad been a member of congress, but had achieved no great reputation in that body. He had served two terms as governor of Ohio and had entered upon bis third. In the campaign of 1875 the currency being the issue and William Alwin the opposing candidate he had jcome prominently before the country, cot because of a striking personality, but as the accidental representative for the time beinz of the cause of "hard money." It was the day of "favorite eons," and Ohio presented his name to the Cincinnati convention of 1876 for the first place on the ticket without any serious idea that he would be named. Thii action was taken as a com pliment to Gen. Hayes and because the Ohio republicans were nnablo to unite upon any of the prominent candidates. The most that Gen. Hayes' supporters Jioped to obtain for him was the vice presidential nomination with Blaine or Conkling, or a cabinet post in the next administration. Their opportunity came, bow ever, after several testa ot .rength between the supporters of Blaink, . Coxklinq, Morton- and Bristow. Each bad a atrong and compact following, factional feeling ran high. The nomina tion of either of the leading candidates aneant a disruption of the party. So the convention turned to the "dark horse" from Ohio, and to the great surprise of Ii im self and everybody else Rctherford Ik Hayes was named for the presidency. The campaign which followed was the most memorable in our history. The Jeoocratic party, under the superb lead rship of Samuel J. Tilden and Thoma A. JIendricks, made magnificent fight and von a decisive victory. But the repub lican leaders were a lot of political des peradoes, with abundant resources and too conscientious scruples whatever. They set about deliberately to re Verse the popular verdict, and they Succeeded, after a aeries of crimes ucb as had never before been committed In a free country. In seating the inoffensive IIaycs in the chair which the country had toted to 31 r. Tildkn. Mr. Hayes had such an opportunity as floes not come to one man in a cent ury to immortalize himself and write bis name high on the acroll of fame. If be had had even the elements of great Bees in him if he had been a maa of strong conviction and lofty moral sense be would have indignantly rejected the fraud-begotten prize which was tendered bim by Zach Chandlib and his miserable hirelings, and would have invoked justice upon the Loads ef the wretched erew. If Mr. Hays had had the moral courage to have done this thing cot even Washington would have been so bonored and revered by the world, avnd no power on earth could have prevented his succession to the presidency in IS SO. Lut the poor man Was not born for great things, lie ac cepted the presidency from the hands of the thieves who had stolen it from the people; he rewarded them for their crime with the patronage of bis office; and although he as sumed the air of devoutness, and tried, tn his poor, feeble way to clothe his ad ministration with an air of respectability it dragged out a miserable existence and ended amid universal contempt. It received only a half-hearted and per functory support from the republican or ganization; it was recognized by the democratic party calf as a . de facto administration; in foreign countries it was retarded as a usurping government. Nobody envied Mr. Hayes hie stolen office. The idea of renominating him was never broached by anybody ; and at the end of his term he relapsed into obscurity. His name has rarely appeared in the newspapers during the last ten years, and the country had well-nigh forgottoc his existence until his serious illness was reported yesterday. Mr. Hayes was not a bad man, but only a weak one. He was a patriotic man, a good 6oidier, & creditable governor and congressman, and in some respects a fair presilent. But as a candidate for presi dent he was an accident, and as the only man in our history who was ever placed in that office by open crime, his name ill forever bear a stain. The Tai Commissioners' Report. The state board of tax commissioners has made its report to the legislature, and its recommendations appear to be ju dicious. They may be summarized as fol lows: 1. That the legislature memorialize con gress, asking that greenbacks be made taxable as other money. 2. That appeals may be taken, and re vision ordered in any rase in which there is unjust local assessment; and that the decision of the board be made binding on local officials. 3. That no appeal be allowed from the board to the courts. 4. That the date of assessment be fixed on March 1 instead of April 1, and all pre liminary work of taxation be advanced accordingly. 5. Tiiat money on deposit be removed from the items from which indebtedness may be deducted, and that "indebtedness" be more strictly defined. f. That paid-up stock in building asso ciations be made taxable, and that build ing associations be put under state super vision for the protection of shareholders. 7. That the office of county assessor be continued, and that the state board be authorized to call the county assessors to gether to discuss, and, so far as possible, agree upon uniform valuations and uni form administration of the law in all respects. 8. That the situs, for taxation, of prop erty in hand of guardians, be made uni form. The board, also, though it makes no recommendation, calls attention to the lack of uniformity in reporting taxes by county auditors in the statement, that "the greater portion of municipal taxes are collected by city treasurers and there is no provision of law requiring them to report these collections, and for this reason it has been impossible to show the amount of such collections." It is evident that there should be provision of law re quiring such reports, for it is impossible to obtain the actual totale of taxes unless this be done. The legislature will probably provide for this au J also for the changes suggested by the board. The most important of all the euzges tion is the sixth, concerning building as sociations, and the board gives very sound reasons for its adoption. It nays: As now conducted, paid-up stock in these associations represents money loaned to them or invested in them for the purpose of escaping taxation. it id the property of capitalists, and not the sav ings of email shareholders. We betieve, therefore, that paid-up stock should be taxed, aud indeed we have ordered it taxed in euch case as have come before ua on appeal, when its character was ea tab ished by evidence. But euch cases will, of necessity, be rare, and unioss some provision is made by which all such stock ean be d.scovered and brought upon the tax duplicate, taxing any of it is really a discrimination. We believe, moreover, that the extensive borrowing of money by building associations for the extension of their business, such as the sale of paid-up stock, is a dangerous procedure and ehou d not be encouraged by the state. Th ese facts are well known to every per son who has raid anv attention to the business transacted by these associations, and the conclusions drawn from them are sound. The recent failure of the Lib erator and other British associations that ventured out of the legitimate scope of their fcueiness gives fair warning to Amer ica that closer supervision of their work is necessary. As to this the board says: These associations are in eilect the sav ings banks of the people, an 1 it is evident that they are having a most beneficial eflect in forming habits of economv and thrift. For this reason it is important that the welfare of the stockholders, for whose benefit the exemption from taxation is given, should be jealously guarded by the state. Considering the number of these associations, the vast sums of money in volved and the number of poop o invest ing in them, it would be difficult tn im agine a greater calamity that could be fall the citizens who are strung ing to secure homed than anv exten sive failure of them. At present there is no supervision of the conduct of their bus iness, aa ia required in case of banks aud insurance companies, and yet the public interest in them is quite as great. We would, therefore, recommend the crea tion of a bureau for their supervision, as has been done in a number of other State. Each company should be required to make a sworn report twice a year to the auditor of t-tate. and that official, charged with the supervision, should have a dis cretionary power of examination at any time, and should be required to examine the affairs of any association at once, on demand of a limited number of share holders. The semi-annual reports should show what amount of stock ia paid up, and to whom such paid-up stock belong, and ahould contain such other matters as may be prescribed by the legislature or the supervising official. The wisdom of this suggestion is appar ent and attention has been called to the matter heretofore by The Sentinel, and some other papers. Any extensive failure of building associations would be a calam ity not oaly to "the citizens who are strug gling to secure homes," but also to the entire community. It would beset a lack of confidence in any kind of investment that wou'd certainly result In unbounded extravagance and waste by thousands of persons who are now saving their money. The duty of the legislature in this matter is plain. These associations at present are of mere importance to the people than banks or insurance companies, and there should be, provision made for the c'oseet scrutiny of their business in the interest of the shareholders. It is one of those cases in which an ounce of prevention may prohibit what tons of cure could not remedy. There is every reason to believe that most of the building associations Are careful. y and properly conducted, and it is the duty of the state to see that they so continue. Several other states have already taken action in this line. Drop It. All sorts of theories hare been advanced as to the origin ot the term "Hoosier." James Whitcomb Riley said recently that it was his opinion that it was a corruption, or rather an evoluted form, of the phrase "Who's there?" a, reply which was invari ably echoed back from tbe farmhouse in reply to the "hello" of the traveler who had stopped to inquire the way or seek other information when country homes were few and far between in Indiana. An old Louisvillisn offers another theory, and one which he believes to be correct. "It wag in the autumn of lS2oV said the old citizen to a Covrirr Jonnial reporter, "during the first work on the Louisville fc Portland canal, and men from all psrta of the country were employed on the enterprise. The Indianians, however, were more numerous than those from any other etato, there being probably two or three hun dred of them, and they were inclined to be somewhat clannish. Indiana was a young and undeveloped state in those days, and her representatives here were altogethe an ungainly crowd, being viewed by their fellow-laborers in about the same light that the city man regards the mountain eer. A Louisville man with au eve to business made it a point to be near the works at the dinner hour with a supply of edibles, and among those he dis pensed WR9 a large loaf of eweet bread, an article in which the majority of the In dianians invariably invested. The name of this bread peddler, as he might be called, was Hoosier, and from bis jovial manner and waggish air he was very popular. The men from Indiana, how ever, were his best patrons, and the novel sight of a large number of them, each munching a roll of Hoosier's bread, was too much for the humor of the Kentuck ians, who applied to them indiscrimin ately the nickname Hoosiers. Their fel low laborers took up the term, and soon all Indianians on the works were known as llooeiera, and from there it spread throughout the country." Whatever the origin of the term whether in its early use it had a signifi cance of hospitality and welcome as the poetic fancy of Kiley would have it, or whether, as the Louisville patriarch would eutrgest, it possessed a flavor of ginger bread and was symbolic oi uncouth boor ieriness itsuseouiht to be abandoned by every aelf-respecting and patriotic citizen of Indiana. Consciously or unconsciously, the coun try at large has come to apply the epithet as a term of contempt, much as if it had accepted the Louisville mau's word as to its origin. IxK-ally we of Indiana have come to regard the appellation witli toler ation, poesibly on occasions with something akin to pride ; but there is not a traveled member of the community whoso blood has not boiled at times at the use made of the word in other seciions of thia broad laud. That Indiana has sullered from the designation of her people as "Hoo?iera" there can be no doubt. Foreigners and those from remote portions of our own land, who have not had the opportunity of knowing the people of Indiaua as they actually are. have come to look upon them askance, because they are called "Hoosier," and because wherever they have been the word "Iloosier" has been understood tobe almost synonymous with "lout." There is only one way to avoid this in justice and that ia for Indianians on every nnlall occasions to discountenance the use of the word and to refuse to re gard it as a proper designation for the people of their state. Let writers and speakers cease to refer to distinguished citizens aa "Iloosier statesmen." "Hoosier poets," "Hoosier orators," etc., and at every opoortunity offered protest against the barbarism. In time the term will cease to be applied to Indianians in gen eral and will either drop into disuse alto gether or be applied only in th- sense in which it is undsratooi everywhere ex cept in thia state, viz. : As conveying the idea of stupidity and vulgarity. There is no method of getting rid of the word. If deeds and examples could have given to the word a dignified or elevated significance it would bave been a noble termtoday. Indiana has furnished leadersin all the walks of life ;ahe has given to history warriors, statesmen, jurists, poets, novel ists, historians, painters, musicians, sculp tors and divines; her sons have been leaders of men; but with all this she has not been able to give to the word "Iloosier" an even respectable signifi cance. There is but one thing now for Indiana to do; that is to repudiate the name. No earnest effort, no great accom plishment, do masterly blu fling can save it from reproach. Therefore drop it and drop it hard. Follow the example of Missouri. Years ago her natives were known as "Pukes." But today the man who would call a Missourian a "Puke" would take hia life in his hands. The kntinkl's advice to Indianians would be: "If a man calls you a Hoosier, shoot him on the spot. Make the use of the term not only odious but dangerous aud the more dangerous the better." "Wool for th People. Recently we advised the farmers of Indiana to "jump on some of the dema gogues who profess to speak in their be half and kick them into perpetual silence." There is probably no better place to begin this great and beneficial work than with the Indiana wool-rrowers association. Thia interesting collection of breeders ef blue-blooded rams meets once a year and passes resolutions, on behalf of the op pressed farmer, to the elTect that the duty on wool should be increased, or at least not decreased. There is nothing small about these ram-breeders. They do not deal with minor af fairs. Their attention is drawn only to those great questions that affect the lifo of the nation. They blandly in form as in their resolutions passed last Friday that "to destroy the protection afforded the great industry by repeadng the McKinley law would be to strike down, at one blow, one of the largest and most rapidly growing industries of the husbandman, without benefit to any one excei't the foreign wool-grower and the importer of his products." Further than this they resolve that putting wool on the free list would be "an act of injustice and wrong to more than two million American I hubbandmen, who are now rapidly em er- j that the number may be ftill further re ging from an era of depression in their duced the legislature can take action at its calling, without resultant benefit to any but foreigners and the importers of their products." One tntaht suppose from this lanaruaze that the farmers of Indiana had met in general convention and were uncorking the vials of their wrath, but each is not the case. These brave words were issued by some two dozen gentlemen who devcte their time to taking ribbons at fairs and elling fancy sheep to deluded but am bitious fanners. As a mat. er of fact not one farmer in ten in Indiana owns any sheep, and those who do own them usually keep them to destroy weeds or to ' raise mutton, and not for wool-growing. Year after year these ram-breeders have been working the "farmer" scheme on the country, and what have they accomplished? Under the 1 igiiest tariff ever known the price of wool steadily decreased and so did the 1 publican nomination for president in number of sheep. In 1877 Mr. Cleveland IHM. made his stand for free wool, and the Prof. Moote pays that the Jan-ram-breeders began fighting him. In 188 ! anese never mix di orent kinds of flowers the election of Mr. Harrison was pur-I together in one vase. A like simplicity chased, and in 1890 the ram-breeders re- ceived their law increasing the duty on j wool. On Jan. 13, 18'K), the Indianapolia j Journal quoted wool, "unwashed medium and common grades, L'öc; burry and cotted, 17( 20c." On Jan. 13, 1803. the day on wLich these resolutions were adopted it quoted wool, "fine merino. U ISc; unwashed combing. 21c." An 1 yet these Indiana ram-breeders have the nerve to say that "the duties on foreign wool, established by the tariff of 1S''0, have given a stimulus to the wool industry and an encouragement to farmers gener ally to engage in t-heep husbandry to an extent never witne&aed iu this country before." We wou'd really like to know what use any honest and intelligent farmer, or any other man, can have for a collection of men who can reconcile their consciences to such a declaration as that. A falsehood on its face. An utterly preposterous asser tion, known to be untrue by every man who has sold a pound of wool in the last three years. And, not sat'sfied with that, they insult the intelligence of the country with this: It is an undeniable fact that no well-informed and candid man will have the hardihood to controvert that all the btarle woolen goods, and mot of the fancy goods, may now be obtained in the greatest abundsr.ee at a cost to consumers less than ever before in the history of the country, except at brief 'interva s of uni versal panic and financial cri.-is, thus al ready demonstrating that woolen ooodn of foreign manufacture, and raw wool of foreign production, are compelled to pay the dutv without an increase of price a which the 8im! are eold to the consumer in this country. There is not a well-informed man in the country who does not know that the price of a I real woolen goods has bfen largely incrt-ased by the McKinley bill not one who doe9 not know thu Ameri cans never before cot bd much cotton and shoddy in their "all-wool" goods p.s now. For a number of years the pipers have been xiving accounts of the quarrels be tween the National wool-growers' associa tion and the National woolen manufactur ers' association, and every one knows that the whole wool schedule is the result of a compromise, by which the one was to be allowed to try to rob the people on wool and the other to rob them on woolen goods. Everv person of common sense knows that if the d itv were removed from wool and cut down'at least onvha'.f , . , , .. . . . on woolen poods, we would a.l have better and cheaper clothing, berter and cheaper blankets, better and cheaper carpets. There is no one item of the tari'7 eo important to every man, woman and child in the country as this one of woo'en goods. It falls on rich and poor alike nay, heavier on the poor, for at this very hour hundreds of iil-clad unfortunates are suffering bodily auguish on account of it. And now we say to the farmers of In diana, why do you stand idiy by and let this handful of schemers speak for you and speak falsely? You know that they do not speak in your real interest. Von know that they do not speak your real sentimen's. Are you going to let congress believe that they do? You complain of trusts and combines and monopolies. Are you going to rest quietly while these same interests get up their bogus repre sentations to influence national legislation in their favor? Why do you not as semble and denounce these pretenders? What are your F. M. B. A., and your uro your r. i. a., ana vour 1, end vour Patrons of Industry and ' , ... , . , st of your organizations doing for Wheel, the rei tariff reform? Are you letting the world know what you think about that system of robbery, or are you devoting your at tention to demagogues who are trying to make you believe you can get a share of the steal by the sub-treasury scheme or some other equally absurd device? You do not want any elass legislation. What you need is to get rid of class legislation. Why not make a stand for yoar true in- tereeta? Why not begin bv exposing the falls pretenses of the Indiana wool growers' association? Congressman Watch of this state ia de claring that the democrats are planning a wholesale- attaca on the whole pension system. Congressman Wai ch knows this statement to be false. The democrat will doubtless attempt certainly they ought to attempt to purg the pension rolls of the names of all bounty jumpers, desert ers and fraudulent pensioners of all descriptions. If they fail to do this they will fail in their duty to their country and to all honest veterans. Of course the pension agents, like Didley, and their attorneys and supporters, like Waich, will set up the cry of "treason" and will mnke a desper ate effort to secure the assistance of dem ocratic congressmen with so'dier constitu encies. But it will not avail. The pen sion roll will be made a roll of honor, and not an honest veteran wi.l suffer by the change, A party has about reached the depths of self-stultification when it indorses Ste phen B. Ei.kins for U. 9. senator, which is what the West Yirginia republican party has done. It is doubtful if ever so wholly unworthy a man was nominated for this high office. The state senate has done well in taking early action looking to a reduction in the nunber of circuit courts. The bid re ported makes a reduction of 20 per cent., which is none too much. Bat it will do for a beginning. If "experience shows) next session. In the meantime an im mense saving w ill have been made, con servatively estimated at $100.000 per year. This action is in direct line with the dem ocratic policy of econo'ny. ET CETERA. Sexator Kenxa's funeral last week was the second wherein the Ro i an catholic rites were celebrated in the senate cham ber. Governor Hogg of Texas, in his message to the legislature in that state, advocates the taxation of venders of deadly weapons and cigarettes. John- G. Ca&lisle will be the first man south of the Mason and Dixon's line to hold the treftsury portfolia since the ad ministration of James Buchanan. John James Ing alls has ceased wearing i red neckties and h is discarded the slouch hat. Perhaps he is in training for the re- of tft9te is la "bown in tueir drinking customs. There may be some doubt whether Senator Brice lives, politically, in New York or Ohio, but it was the poor peopie of Lima, O., that got 10J tons of coal and 100 barrels of flour that he sent around. Horace Smith of Springfield, Mass., who died the other day at the age of eighty four years, was the inventor of the orig inal typewriting machine, it is claimed, and also invented the metallic cartridge and some improvements in small arms. A notable Californian died last week in Creed Haymond who had charge of the j law department of the Southern Pacific ' road. His success in that place was due to ! his policv of compromise of suits. He j gave California a co le of laws and a tys i tern of irrigation, and was a lea ler in anti- Chinese avi ation. He was a Virginian, ! leaving home for his trip across the plains in 18)1'. Jamees Smith, jr., the new U.S. sen ator from New Jersey, was born in New ark in 18-31. He is a lare manufacturer of patent and ena e'ed leather. Prom inent in city aflairs. he broadened with county politics, taxing Kss x county from the republican column. II is a friend of ex-Secretary Whitney and a Cleveland man. He is wealthy, married and has few enemies. He is stout, wnh a round, emooih-shaven face. The Virginia City Tfrri'o. 'ml Eii'rrp,-.e will not, as widely reported, suspend pub lication. The aima mater of Mark Twain, Dsn DeQuille and other western writers cf t! e mining ege is to be continued by ( ongresHuiaii-i-lect Newlands, po&ulist. ! who represents the fharon eetuie. and ! wants a free filver crjran to keep bim fresh before the public. At pres-ent he u j conspicuous for extensive real estate deals J in Washington. j EnwAitn MruniY, Jr., the new U. I S. eenutor, is the victim of sciatica. While he was a: Governor Flower's recep-1 tion last week .Monday evening shaking bands with hundreds of persons gracious ly it was noticed that he prespired freely; which some of the gusn no doubt attrib uted to ih wp.rintii of tri? room er his ex ercise. The real explanation, however, it is said, was that be w.ia Biiflerinj intense pain. Mr. Murphy evidently has pluck. The death of ("ten. Butler removes an other manager oi the celebrated impeach ment trial of Andrew Johnson. The i board on the part of the house was Bing ham ( )hio. Stevens (Pa,). Butler (Mass.), Bontweil (Mass.), Wilson (Ia ), Wi l iams (Pa.) and Logan (111.). In the bal- j 'nine tixn.' trie selection ot tr.auairers the j veteran Btngham reoev..i the highest vote, and he, with Poutweli, Wi son and vYUiams, alone survive of the sven who made the historic light against Andrew Johnson. The Hon. John A. Bingham i lives at his old home in eastern Ohio. and. although seventy-seven years of age, takes part in every Ohio campaign. Ju'lge Biugham was a historic finrn in congress, and iu addition to the part he played in tne Johnson impeachmeut proceedings i wjs special judge advocate in the triil of tbn a-sssfiins of President Lincoln. From 1S3 to lss.) tie was minister to Japan. It is an honorable place which Henry Cabot Lodge, aged forty-two. has beeu elected by Massachusetts to fill in the U. S. eennte. Thia seat has been filled by ! seventeen men through a period of 104 I years, an average terra of almost exactly j pix years, the constitutional term. But of j the S9en een, three have he.d the seat, in I all, sixty years, or consid rahlv more than ! half of the whole period. These three have been Daniel WeLsier, Charges Sum ner and Mr. Dawes. The succession has aNo included Theodore Sedgwick, John Ouincy Adme, Christopher tiove, Rufua Choate and Robert Rantoul, a much more notable series of names, remarks the Bob- ' ton A-hrrtUr. than that which has been j -'-". " ... v i ?"'iated with the other seat, though i identified with it bave been John Davis, j.,lwari L-;vert.tt. Henry Wilson and Mr. Hoar. Mr. Lodge's natural ancestor. (leorge Cabot, whs the second senator from this state in the line now filled Dy Mr. Hoar. What a Saving of Ten Out a Day Will Do. American enterprise has placed this possibility before you the greatest edu cational work that the brains of Great Britain and America bave pro iuced complete and perfect library, iu itself an education the great Revised Encyclo pedia Britannica. This you can make your own for the outlay of that paltrv 10 cents a day which you did not know what to do with. It is the most compact maga zine of universal knowledge extant. It contains everything worth knowing, made as attractive and intertstingand clear as ingenuity can make it. As a home library for self education it is the best school in the world and takes up the least room. It is a friend to the whole family as well as yourself and never witholds its gifts at any time. It is yours for 10 ceuts a day and you w ill only have to save the 10 cents a day for ninety days to secure this great library. We do not afk you to pay us at once, for we send the entire twenty volumes, with charges prepaiJ, on receipt of only SI, and you ran remii the 10 cents a day each month for a period of niuetv days. We send you a dime savings bank with each set of books, wherein you can deposit the i dime each day. A Trille Too Good. IX. Y. Weekly. Friend'TJot that new patent pneu matic sulky of yours done?" Inventor "Ah complete now. There is onlv one trouble." "What's that?" "It keeps gel ing ahead of the horse." The Lretith of n I.loii Tamer. fLif. Mrs. D. "Just think, Mary, how ter- 'rible. The poor man was torn limb from limb." Mary Lor' bless us, marm,and men so scarce." The golden remedy. Dr. Bali's Cough Syrup. 1EC DEATH Accident to the Big Four "Southwestern Limited" Which Occurred Yester day at Alton, Junction, Followed by Consequences Most Appalling. SIX PERSONS NOW DEAD And Nineteen Others Probably Fatally Burned, Beside at Least Fifty More Seriously Injured. Th Train Crashed Into Seven Oil Tnk Cara Which Were Standing In an Open Switch Ibe Oil Caught Fire and as the People Were Watching the Burn, tilg Wreck, a Tank Kxploded, Scat tering the Itnrntng Oil Over Them and Knveloplnc the Spectators in a Sea of Fire An Almost Indescriba ble Panic Seized Those Uninjured Engineer Ro Death The Cause of the Disaster Scenes at St. Louie Another Wreck on the Pennsylvania "With Many Injured Those Who Per ished in Other Wreck. St. Loris, Jan. 21. A wreck, which in in its consequences is one of the most ap palling and disastrous that has occurred in yeare.occurred at Wann Junction, or Al ton Junction, lib, this morning. The C, C, C. &H. L. "eouthwestern limited" passen aer, consisting of an engine and tour coaches.whichleft here this rnorningfor the east, ran into a switch a half mile north of Wann Junction and crashed into a train consisting of seven tank cars standing thereon. The result was a fire and after ward an explosion which has already cost six persons their lives, probably fatally in jured nineteen others, seriously burned fifty more, and caused a great property loss to the company. The dead are: WEBB ItOS, Mattoon, engineer of limited, agel thirty-three yeari. HIRAM COBXELIUS, Iowa, ajed twentj. ei'ht year, EDWARD MILLER, Alton Junction, aged twenty-five years. Two unidentified nien and one boy, came unknown. All were burned to death. The following were fatally burned: William Shattvck, aged twelve, Alton. JOHN Wilkikson, aged twelve, Alton. John Fkf.p, forty-two years old, EdwardV ville Crowing, IV. W. Frank Sccilin, aged twenty-five, Alton. John Loi ck, twenty-tix years old, Alton. A. T. Fkazfr. twenty-two years old, St. Lou id. Lpwako Maitis, twenty-four years old, Alton. Otto Hagerman, Alton. Wiilif. McCarthy, Alton. Dan IIarr;n Alton Junction. Fbank Barton, Stamford, Ont. Lor is McIn- oh. Alton Junction. William McIstosh, Alton Junction. Jons Monah an, Eait 5?t. Louis. William Millbi, Alton Junction. James Mullaki:, Alton Junction. Ail the fatally injured were burned about the bead and body. Others injured were- William C. Harrison, Wann, twenty-three years old. Henby Pennington, Wann, aged twenty- fire. Loris Df.nbayb, Montreal, aged twenty four. Henry Pilgrim, Alton, aged thirty. JosF.ru Luttrelle, Alton, aged twentr-six. William E. Rk hakdson, Alton, aged thirty-four. D.wm Richardson, Alton, aged thirty four. Hkrmom F.ske, Alton, ajred twenty-three. Frank Bahtlett, Branford, Can., ared twenty-four. Hameltixb Valentine, Philadelphia, aged seventeen. Charlks Hammond, Alton Junction, aged thirty-two. B. Mrnahatts. Pat O'Mbaba. s. a job: Citaki.es Harris. John Burke. John Seisi.kr. Ephraim Richardson. John Fini.ky. John McPikk. Eben Calpwell A Barbfr to rslamr. The Southwestern limited leaves St. Louis at 8:05 a. m. and is due at Wann at 8:48. Wann is a flag station of the Chi cago &. Alton and the Bis Four railways, and is about four miles this side of Alton. There are no side tracks there, but about half a mile beyond, at a small village known as Alton Junction', are several switches. The tender of these switches, Ii. E. Grattan by name, is also a barber, The only Pure Cream of Tartar Powder. No Ammonia; No Alnm. Used in Millions of Homes 40 Years the Standard. and combines his tonsorial duties with those cf attending to the numerous switches at this point. Upon him is laid the blame by the rai way officials and trainmen for the accident and its frightful after-conequence&, and officers are now searching for Lim, as ha fled daring the excitement following the dual accident. The limited train, con sisting of an eng're and tender, a com bination baegage and bufTet car and three coaches, reached Wann twelve minutes late. It reached Alton Junction running at the rate of forty miles an hour, the en gineer being desirous of making up the lost time as soon as possible. A switch was turned so as to send the flying train into one of the side tracks. On this track only a few yards distant from the switch were seven tank cars filled with refined lubricating oil consigned from Beardsiown to the Waters-Pierce oil company of this city. Too Lite. Aa soon as be saw the danger Engineer Ross called to the fireman, Dick White, to jump for his life. He then reversed his engine and applied the air brakes. But he was too late, The engine crashed entirely through two of the tank cars, splitting them in half, and was then forced on entirely over the others. The oil from the wrecked tanks at once caught fire and a sea of flame instantly surround ed the engineer, who had jumped just as the pilot of the engine struck the first tank. Throwing his hands to his face the brave man struggled to the embankment at one side of the trark, but as soon as he reached it he sank to the earth a crisp and blackened corpse. The fireman, who jumped from the cab the instant the engine struck the ewitch, escaped with a few slight bruises. The engineer's action in reversing his engine and applying the brakes slackened the speed of the train sufficiently to prevent any serious injury to the passengers, of whom there were about sixty. Several were bruised by being thrown violently against seats or the sides of the coaches, but none were seriously hurt. A Corpse Cremated. In the baggage department of the first car were the mai's, eleven pieces cf bag gace and a corpse, and these was all burned in a few moments. The corpse was that of a Mrs. Morrison, and was be ing forwarded from the Southwest to Bos ton, Mass. The flames spread to the other coaches, and all were soon in ruins. Three of the oil tanks, which were broken oien by the engine crashing over them, were also consumed in a brief space of time, together with the engine and ten der. The pa-eenaers and villagers crowded around the burning wreck, anxious to as sist, if possible, any unfortunates who might be in need of help. Crowds from Wann and Upper Alton also began to ar rive as Boon as the news spread. Th I ntal Kxploaion. It was at this time (11 o'clock) when a great crowd was watching the rapid de struction of the railroad property that the culmination of the horrible af?air occurred. Two of the tank cars were left uninjured by the engine. The heating of burning oil all around them tenerated from their con tents a gas, the pressure of which became too great for the huee iron casks to witn stand. Simultaneously and with a fearful force they exploded, throwing pieces of their iron sides far out into the adjacent fields, and showering upon the assembled crowd of eight seers a n.ass of flaming liquid. For the first second a'ter the noise of the explosion there was no sound save the swish of the burning oil as it was forced through the air. Then there arose a confusion of agonizing appeals for help and cries of terror to wnich no tongue nor pen can do justice. I'anlo Indenorl'bablfi. For eeveral minutes the panic was inde scribable. Those touched by the burning oil groped about M ildly, seeking in vain for relief for their torture. Almost with out exception the injured were burned about the face and had their evesight tempcrarily.if not permanently, destroyed. Tho.se who were uninjured were eo terror stricken as to be unable to assist their less fortunate companions for some time. Gradually the horror of the holocaust gave way to a realization of the necessity for quick relief lor the wounded. Hastily im provised litters were formed of doors and shutters from neighboring cottages. Will ing han-ls tenderly carried the dead and injured to Wann, where they were placed in the depot until a relief train could be brought to the ecene. Word was dis patched to Alton by a fast courier (the beat from the burning oil had melted all the telegraph wires), and while a train as beiug made up and eent for the wounded preparations were made for their reception at St. Joseph's hospital. Before the hospital door another im mense throng was gathered anxiois to view the unrecognizable faces that passed on litters through the en trance way. Inside all was con fusion and hurry. Dr. Haskell, the physician in charge returned with the train and hurried to and fro gathering Continued on Seventh Tage.