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THE INDIANA STATE SENTINEL, "WEDNESDAY lIOTlNINa, JANUAUY 25, 1893-TWEYLE PAGES.
INDIANA STATE SENTINEL
BY THE INDIANAPOLIS SENTINEL CO.
S. E. MORSS. President.
IXsUxcd at tbe Poatonc at Indianapolis aa Mooni
TERMS I'ER YARi
tSXie eopv (InTariaMf In AdTanee.) ........... l O
.UTe aft drmorrato to War in aiind and aekct thMr
Ivi itat pupr when they mbi t take subacrtp.
liest and iuake op- cloba.
ArmU miking up clnM nd for anv information
Mlitd. Adtltbs THE 1M1A ArOLIS 6EKTINEL,
"WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 25, 1803.
FREE. $2 for $1.
National Live Slock
an Farm Journal
"Weekly, IS to 32 Pages, Illustrated. Subscrip
tion price, f 1 a year.
DTotd to General Farmfngr, Horses, Cattle,
Ebeep, Swine, the Dairy and the Chicago Mar
Just the piper every intelligent farmer.
Stock-raiser and dairyman will find apesia.ly
Interesting and valuable.
Sent Free lor One Year
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Two Papers for the Price of One.
This remarkable liberal offer is
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secure new subscribers, and is
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taking either The Sentinel or the
SPECIAL TERMS forth Journal and sev
eral other papt-rs will be sent to present saV
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Stamps to National Lire fctoak and Farm Jear
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INDIANAPOLIS SENTINEL CO.,
Rutherford Burchard Hayea.
HcrnEEFORD B. Hayes, ex-president of
"the United fctates, died last week at his
borne ia Fremont, O., after a brief illness.
The announcement of his death will come
es a great surprise to the country, as the
first intelligence of his sickness was only
published yesterday in the morning
Gen. Have.", although personally a man
tit many excellent and amiable qualities,
Will occupy an unenviable position in
biatory because of the peculiar circum
stances attending his elevation to the pres
idency. He was nominated aa a com pro
mise candidate. Ilia position in his party
bad not been auch aa to entitle him to
lerious consideration in connection with
this high office. He had served in the
union army creditably, but without spe
cial distinction, having reached no higher
rank than that of a corps commander. He
bad been a member of congress, but had
achieved no great reputation in that
body. He had served two terms as
governor of Ohio and had entered upon
bis third. In the campaign of 1875 the
currency being the issue and William
Alwin the opposing candidate he had
jcome prominently before the country,
cot because of a striking personality,
but as the accidental representative for
the time beinz of the cause of "hard
money." It was the day of "favorite
eons," and Ohio presented his name to the
Cincinnati convention of 1876 for the first
place on the ticket without any serious
idea that he would be named.
Thii action was taken as a com
pliment to Gen. Hayes and because
the Ohio republicans were nnablo to unite
upon any of the prominent candidates.
The most that Gen. Hayes' supporters
Jioped to obtain for him was the vice
presidential nomination with Blaine or
Conkling, or a cabinet post in the next
administration. Their opportunity came,
bow ever, after several testa ot .rength
between the supporters of Blaink,
. Coxklinq, Morton- and Bristow. Each
bad a atrong and compact following,
factional feeling ran high. The nomina
tion of either of the leading candidates
aneant a disruption of the party. So the
convention turned to the "dark horse"
from Ohio, and to the great surprise of
Ii im self and everybody else Rctherford
Ik Hayes was named for the presidency.
The campaign which followed was the
most memorable in our history. The
Jeoocratic party, under the superb lead
rship of Samuel J. Tilden and Thoma A.
JIendricks, made magnificent fight and
von a decisive victory. But the repub
lican leaders were a lot of political des
peradoes, with abundant resources and
too conscientious scruples whatever.
They set about deliberately to re
Verse the popular verdict, and they
Succeeded, after a aeries of crimes
ucb as had never before been committed
In a free country. In seating the inoffensive
IIaycs in the chair which the country had
toted to 31 r. Tildkn.
Mr. Hayes had such an opportunity as
floes not come to one man in a cent
ury to immortalize himself and write
bis name high on the acroll of fame. If
be had had even the elements of great
Bees in him if he had been a maa of
strong conviction and lofty moral sense
be would have indignantly rejected the
fraud-begotten prize which was tendered
bim by Zach Chandlib and his
miserable hirelings, and would have
invoked justice upon the Loads ef the
wretched erew. If Mr. Hays had had the
moral courage to have done this thing
cot even Washington would have been so
bonored and revered by the world,
avnd no power on earth could have
prevented his succession to the
presidency in IS SO. Lut the poor man
Was not born for great things, lie ac
cepted the presidency from the hands of
the thieves who had stolen it from
the people; he rewarded them for
their crime with the patronage of
bis office; and although he as
sumed the air of devoutness, and tried,
tn his poor, feeble way to clothe his ad
ministration with an air of respectability
it dragged out a miserable existence
and ended amid universal contempt. It
received only a half-hearted and per
functory support from the republican or
ganization; it was recognized by the
democratic party calf as a . de
facto administration; in foreign
countries it was retarded as a
usurping government. Nobody envied
Mr. Hayes hie stolen office. The idea of
renominating him was never broached by
anybody ; and at the end of his term he
relapsed into obscurity. His name has
rarely appeared in the newspapers during
the last ten years, and the country had
well-nigh forgottoc his existence until his
serious illness was reported yesterday.
Mr. Hayes was not a bad man, but only
a weak one. He was a patriotic man, a
good 6oidier, & creditable governor and
congressman, and in some respects a fair
presilent. But as a candidate for presi
dent he was an accident, and as the only
man in our history who was ever placed
in that office by open crime, his name ill
forever bear a stain.
The Tai Commissioners' Report.
The state board of tax commissioners
has made its report to the legislature, and
its recommendations appear to be ju
dicious. They may be summarized as fol
lows: 1. That the legislature memorialize con
gress, asking that greenbacks be made
taxable as other money.
2. That appeals may be taken, and re
vision ordered in any rase in which there
is unjust local assessment; and that the
decision of the board be made binding on
3. That no appeal be allowed from the
board to the courts.
4. That the date of assessment be fixed
on March 1 instead of April 1, and all pre
liminary work of taxation be advanced
5. Tiiat money on deposit be removed
from the items from which indebtedness
may be deducted, and that "indebtedness"
be more strictly defined.
f. That paid-up stock in building asso
ciations be made taxable, and that build
ing associations be put under state super
vision for the protection of shareholders.
7. That the office of county assessor be
continued, and that the state board be
authorized to call the county assessors to
gether to discuss, and, so far as possible,
agree upon uniform valuations and uni
form administration of the law in all
8. That the situs, for taxation, of prop
erty in hand of guardians, be made uni
form. The board, also, though it makes no
recommendation, calls attention to the
lack of uniformity in reporting taxes by
county auditors in the statement, that
"the greater portion of municipal taxes
are collected by city treasurers and there
is no provision of law requiring them to
report these collections, and for this
reason it has been impossible to show the
amount of such collections." It is evident
that there should be provision of law re
quiring such reports, for it is impossible
to obtain the actual totale of taxes unless
this be done. The legislature will probably
provide for this au J also for the changes
suggested by the board.
The most important of all the euzges
tion is the sixth, concerning building as
sociations, and the board gives very
sound reasons for its adoption. It nays:
As now conducted, paid-up stock in
these associations represents money
loaned to them or invested in them for the
purpose of escaping taxation. it id the
property of capitalists, and not the sav
ings of email shareholders. We betieve,
therefore, that paid-up stock should be
taxed, aud indeed we have ordered it
taxed in euch case as have come before
ua on appeal, when its character was ea
tab ished by evidence. But euch cases
will, of necessity, be rare, and unioss some
provision is made by which all such stock
ean be d.scovered and brought upon the
tax duplicate, taxing any of it is really a
discrimination. We believe, moreover,
that the extensive borrowing of money by
building associations for the extension of
their business, such as the sale of paid-up
stock, is a dangerous procedure and ehou d
not be encouraged by the state.
Th ese facts are well known to every per
son who has raid anv attention to the
business transacted by these associations,
and the conclusions drawn from them are
sound. The recent failure of the Lib
erator and other British associations that
ventured out of the legitimate scope of
their fcueiness gives fair warning to Amer
ica that closer supervision of their work
is necessary. As to this the board says:
These associations are in eilect the sav
ings banks of the people, an 1 it is evident
that they are having a most beneficial
eflect in forming habits of economv and
thrift. For this reason it is important that
the welfare of the stockholders, for whose
benefit the exemption from taxation is
given, should be jealously guarded by the
state. Considering the number of these
associations, the vast sums of money in
volved and the number of poop o invest
ing in them, it would be difficult tn im
agine a greater calamity that could be
fall the citizens who are strung ing
to secure homed than anv exten
sive failure of them. At present there is
no supervision of the conduct of their bus
iness, aa ia required in case of banks aud
insurance companies, and yet the public
interest in them is quite as great. We
would, therefore, recommend the crea
tion of a bureau for their supervision, as
has been done in a number of other State.
Each company should be required to
make a sworn report twice a year to the
auditor of t-tate. and that official, charged
with the supervision, should have a dis
cretionary power of examination at any
time, and should be required to examine
the affairs of any association at once, on
demand of a limited number of share
holders. The semi-annual reports should
show what amount of stock ia paid up,
and to whom such paid-up stock belong,
and ahould contain such other matters as
may be prescribed by the legislature or
the supervising official.
The wisdom of this suggestion is appar
ent and attention has been called to the
matter heretofore by The Sentinel, and
some other papers. Any extensive failure
of building associations would be a calam
ity not oaly to "the citizens who are strug
gling to secure homes," but also to the
entire community. It would beset a lack
of confidence in any kind of investment
that wou'd certainly result In unbounded
extravagance and waste by thousands of
persons who are now saving their money.
The duty of the legislature in this matter
is plain. These associations at present
are of mere importance to the people than
banks or insurance companies, and there
should be, provision made for the c'oseet
scrutiny of their business in the interest
of the shareholders. It is one of those
cases in which an ounce of prevention
may prohibit what tons of cure could not
remedy. There is every reason to believe
that most of the building associations Are
careful. y and properly conducted, and it
is the duty of the state to see that they
so continue. Several other states have
already taken action in this line.
All sorts of theories hare been advanced
as to the origin ot the term "Hoosier."
James Whitcomb Riley said recently that
it was his opinion that it was a corruption,
or rather an evoluted form, of the phrase
"Who's there?" a, reply which was invari
ably echoed back from tbe farmhouse in
reply to the "hello" of the traveler who
had stopped to inquire the way or seek
other information when country homes
were few and far between in Indiana. An
old Louisvillisn offers another theory,
and one which he believes to be correct.
"It wag in the autumn of lS2oV
said the old citizen to a Covrirr
Jonnial reporter, "during the first
work on the Louisville fc Portland
canal, and men from all psrta of the
country were employed on the enterprise.
The Indianians, however, were more
numerous than those from any other etato,
there being probably two or three hun
dred of them, and they were inclined to be
somewhat clannish. Indiana was a young
and undeveloped state in those days, and
her representatives here were altogethe
an ungainly crowd, being viewed by their
fellow-laborers in about the same light
that the city man regards the mountain
eer. A Louisville man with au eve to
business made it a point to be near the
works at the dinner hour with a supply
of edibles, and among those he dis
pensed WR9 a large loaf of eweet bread, an
article in which the majority of the In
dianians invariably invested. The name
of this bread peddler, as he might be
called, was Hoosier, and from bis jovial
manner and waggish air he was very
popular. The men from Indiana, how
ever, were his best patrons, and the novel
sight of a large number of them, each
munching a roll of Hoosier's bread, was
too much for the humor of the Kentuck
ians, who applied to them indiscrimin
ately the nickname Hoosiers. Their fel
low laborers took up the term, and soon
all Indianians on the works were known
as llooeiera, and from there it spread
throughout the country."
Whatever the origin of the term
whether in its early use it had a signifi
cance of hospitality and welcome as the
poetic fancy of Kiley would have it, or
whether, as the Louisville patriarch would
eutrgest, it possessed a flavor of ginger
bread and was symbolic oi uncouth boor
ieriness itsuseouiht to be abandoned by
every aelf-respecting and patriotic citizen
Consciously or unconsciously, the coun
try at large has come to apply the epithet
as a term of contempt, much as if it had
accepted the Louisville mau's word as to
its origin. IxK-ally we of Indiana have
come to regard the appellation witli toler
ation, poesibly on occasions with something
akin to pride ; but there is not a traveled
member of the community whoso blood
has not boiled at times at the use made of
the word in other seciions of thia broad
That Indiana has sullered from the
designation of her people as "Hoo?iera"
there can be no doubt. Foreigners and
those from remote portions of our own
land, who have not had the opportunity
of knowing the people of Indiaua as they
actually are. have come to look upon
them askance, because they are called
"Hoosier," and because wherever they
have been the word "Iloosier" has been
understood tobe almost synonymous with
There is only one way to avoid this in
justice and that ia for Indianians on
every nnlall occasions to discountenance
the use of the word and to refuse to re
gard it as a proper designation for the
people of their state. Let writers and
speakers cease to refer to distinguished
citizens aa "Iloosier statesmen." "Hoosier
poets," "Hoosier orators," etc., and at
every opoortunity offered protest against
the barbarism. In time the term will
cease to be applied to Indianians in gen
eral and will either drop into disuse alto
gether or be applied only in th- sense in
which it is undsratooi everywhere ex
cept in thia state, viz. : As conveying the
idea of stupidity and vulgarity.
There is no method of getting rid of the
word. If deeds and examples could have
given to the word a dignified or elevated
significance it would bave been a noble
termtoday. Indiana has furnished leadersin
all the walks of life ;ahe has given to history
warriors, statesmen, jurists, poets, novel
ists, historians, painters, musicians, sculp
tors and divines; her sons have been
leaders of men; but with all this she has
not been able to give to the word
"Iloosier" an even respectable signifi
cance. There is but one thing now for
Indiana to do; that is to repudiate the
name. No earnest effort, no great accom
plishment, do masterly blu fling can save
it from reproach. Therefore drop it and
drop it hard. Follow the example of
Missouri. Years ago her natives were
known as "Pukes." But today the man
who would call a Missourian a "Puke"
would take hia life in his hands. The
kntinkl's advice to Indianians would be:
"If a man calls you a Hoosier, shoot him
on the spot. Make the use of the term
not only odious but dangerous aud the
more dangerous the better."
"Wool for th People.
Recently we advised the farmers of
Indiana to "jump on some of the dema
gogues who profess to speak in their be
half and kick them into perpetual silence."
There is probably no better place to begin
this great and beneficial work than with
the Indiana wool-rrowers association.
Thia interesting collection of breeders ef
blue-blooded rams meets once a year and
passes resolutions, on behalf of the op
pressed farmer, to the elTect that the duty
on wool should be increased, or at least
not decreased. There is nothing
small about these ram-breeders.
They do not deal with minor af
fairs. Their attention is drawn only
to those great questions that affect
the lifo of the nation. They blandly in
form as in their resolutions passed last
Friday that "to destroy the protection
afforded the great industry by repeadng
the McKinley law would be to strike
down, at one blow, one of the largest and
most rapidly growing industries of the
husbandman, without benefit to any one
excei't the foreign wool-grower and the
importer of his products." Further than
this they resolve that putting wool on the
free list would be "an act of injustice and
wrong to more than two million American I
hubbandmen, who are now rapidly em er- j that the number may be ftill further re
ging from an era of depression in their duced the legislature can take action at its
calling, without resultant benefit to any
but foreigners and the importers of their
One tntaht suppose from this lanaruaze
that the farmers of Indiana had met in
general convention and were uncorking
the vials of their wrath, but each is not
the case. These brave words were issued
by some two dozen gentlemen who devcte
their time to taking ribbons at fairs and
elling fancy sheep to deluded but am
bitious fanners. As a mat. er of fact not
one farmer in ten in Indiana owns any
sheep, and those who do own them
usually keep them to destroy weeds
or to ' raise mutton, and not for
wool-growing. Year after year these
ram-breeders have been working the
"farmer" scheme on the country, and
what have they accomplished? Under
the 1 igiiest tariff ever known the price
of wool steadily decreased and so did the 1 publican nomination for president in
number of sheep. In 1877 Mr. Cleveland IHM.
made his stand for free wool, and the Prof. Moote pays that the Jan-ram-breeders
began fighting him. In 188 ! anese never mix di orent kinds of flowers
the election of Mr. Harrison was pur-I together in one vase. A like simplicity
chased, and in 1890 the ram-breeders re-
ceived their law increasing the duty on j
wool. On Jan. 13, 18'K), the Indianapolia j
Journal quoted wool, "unwashed medium
and common grades, L'öc; burry and
cotted, 17( 20c." On Jan. 13, 1803. the
day on wLich these resolutions were
adopted it quoted wool, "fine merino. U
ISc; unwashed combing. 21c." An 1 yet
these Indiana ram-breeders have the
nerve to say that "the duties on foreign
wool, established by the tariff of 1S''0,
have given a stimulus to the wool industry
and an encouragement to farmers gener
ally to engage in t-heep husbandry to an
extent never witne&aed iu this country
We wou'd really like to know what use
any honest and intelligent farmer, or any
other man, can have for a collection of
men who can reconcile their consciences
to such a declaration as that. A falsehood
on its face. An utterly preposterous asser
tion, known to be untrue by every man
who has sold a pound of wool in the last
three years. And, not sat'sfied with that,
they insult the intelligence of the country
It is an undeniable fact that no well-informed
and candid man will have the
hardihood to controvert that all the btarle
woolen goods, and mot of the fancy
goods, may now be obtained in the
greatest abundsr.ee at a cost to consumers
less than ever before in the history of the
country, except at brief 'interva s of uni
versal panic and financial cri.-is, thus al
ready demonstrating that woolen ooodn of
foreign manufacture, and raw wool of
foreign production, are compelled to pay
the dutv without an increase of price a
which the 8im! are eold to the consumer
in this country.
There is not a well-informed man in the
country who does not know that the
price of a I real woolen goods has bfen
largely incrt-ased by the McKinley bill
not one who doe9 not know thu Ameri
cans never before cot bd much cotton and
shoddy in their "all-wool" goods p.s now.
For a number of years the pipers have
been xiving accounts of the quarrels be
tween the National wool-growers' associa
tion and the National woolen manufactur
ers' association, and every one knows that
the whole wool schedule is the result of a
compromise, by which the one was to be
allowed to try to rob the people on wool
and the other to rob them on woolen
goods. Everv person of common sense
knows that if the d itv were removed
from wool and cut down'at least onvha'.f
, . , , .. . . .
on woolen poods, we would a.l have better
and cheaper clothing, berter and cheaper
blankets, better and cheaper carpets.
There is no one item of the
tari'7 eo important to every man,
woman and child in the country as
this one of woo'en goods. It falls on rich
and poor alike nay, heavier on the poor,
for at this very hour hundreds of iil-clad
unfortunates are suffering bodily auguish
on account of it.
And now we say to the farmers of In
diana, why do you stand idiy by and let
this handful of schemers speak for you
and speak falsely? You know that they
do not speak in your real interest. Von
know that they do not speak your real
sentimen's. Are you going to let congress
believe that they do? You complain of
trusts and combines and monopolies. Are
you going to rest quietly while these
same interests get up their bogus repre
sentations to influence national legislation
in their favor? Why do you not as
semble and denounce these pretenders?
What are your F. M. B. A., and your
uro your r. i. a., ana vour
1, end vour Patrons of Industry and
' , ... , . ,
st of your organizations doing for
tariff reform? Are you letting the world
know what you think about that system
of robbery, or are you devoting your at
tention to demagogues who are trying to
make you believe you can get a share of
the steal by the sub-treasury scheme or
some other equally absurd device? You
do not want any elass legislation. What
you need is to get rid of class legislation.
Why not make a stand for yoar true in-
tereeta? Why not begin bv exposing the
falls pretenses of the Indiana wool
Congressman Watch of this state ia de
claring that the democrats are planning a
wholesale- attaca on the whole pension
system. Congressman Wai ch knows this
statement to be false. The democrat will
doubtless attempt certainly they ought
to attempt to purg the pension rolls of
the names of all bounty jumpers, desert
ers and fraudulent pensioners of all
descriptions. If they fail to do this
they will fail in their duty to
their country and to all honest
veterans. Of course the pension agents,
like Didley, and their attorneys and
supporters, like Waich, will set up the
cry of "treason" and will mnke a desper
ate effort to secure the assistance of dem
ocratic congressmen with so'dier constitu
encies. But it will not avail. The pen
sion roll will be made a roll of honor, and
not an honest veteran wi.l suffer by the
A party has about reached the depths
of self-stultification when it indorses Ste
phen B. Ei.kins for U. 9. senator, which is
what the West Yirginia republican party
has done. It is doubtful if ever so wholly
unworthy a man was nominated for this
The state senate has done well in taking
early action looking to a reduction in the
nunber of circuit courts. The bid re
ported makes a reduction of 20 per cent.,
which is none too much. Bat it will do
for a beginning. If "experience shows)
next session. In the meantime an im
mense saving w ill have been made, con
servatively estimated at $100.000 per year.
This action is in direct line with the dem
ocratic policy of econo'ny.
Sexator Kenxa's funeral last week was
the second wherein the Ro i an catholic
rites were celebrated in the senate cham
ber. Governor Hogg of Texas, in his message
to the legislature in that state, advocates
the taxation of venders of deadly weapons
John- G. Ca&lisle will be the first man
south of the Mason and Dixon's line
to hold the treftsury portfolia since the ad
ministration of James Buchanan.
John James Ing alls has ceased wearing
i red neckties and h is discarded the slouch
hat. Perhaps he is in training for the re-
of tft9te is la "bown in tueir drinking
There may be some doubt whether
Senator Brice lives, politically, in New
York or Ohio, but it was the poor peopie
of Lima, O., that got 10J tons of coal and
100 barrels of flour that he sent around.
Horace Smith of Springfield, Mass., who
died the other day at the age of eighty
four years, was the inventor of the orig
inal typewriting machine, it is claimed,
and also invented the metallic cartridge
and some improvements in small arms.
A notable Californian died last week in
Creed Haymond who had charge of the
j law department of the Southern Pacific
' road. His success in that place was due to
! his policv of compromise of suits. He
j gave California a co le of laws and a tys
i tern of irrigation, and was a lea ler in anti-
Chinese avi ation. He was a Virginian,
! leaving home for his trip across the plains
Jamees Smith, jr., the new U.S. sen
ator from New Jersey, was born in New
ark in 18-31. He is a lare manufacturer
of patent and ena e'ed leather. Prom
inent in city aflairs. he broadened with
county politics, taxing Kss x county from
the republican column. II is a friend of
ex-Secretary Whitney and a Cleveland
man. He is wealthy, married and has
few enemies. He is stout, wnh a round,
The Virginia City Tfrri'o. 'ml Eii'rrp,-.e
will not, as widely reported, suspend pub
lication. The aima mater of Mark Twain,
Dsn DeQuille and other western writers
cf t! e mining ege is to be continued by
( ongresHuiaii-i-lect Newlands, po&ulist.
! who represents the fharon eetuie. and
! wants a free filver crjran to keep bim
fresh before the public. At pres-ent he u
j conspicuous for extensive real estate deals
J in Washington.
j EnwAitn MruniY, Jr., the new U.
I S. eenutor, is the victim of sciatica.
While he was a: Governor Flower's recep-1
tion last week .Monday evening shaking
bands with hundreds of persons gracious
ly it was noticed that he prespired freely;
which some of the gusn no doubt attrib
uted to ih wp.rintii of tri? room er his ex
ercise. The real explanation, however, it
is said, was that be w.ia Biiflerinj intense
pain. Mr. Murphy evidently has pluck.
The death of ("ten. Butler removes an
other manager oi the celebrated impeach
ment trial of Andrew Johnson. The
i board on the part of the house was Bing
ham ( )hio. Stevens (Pa,). Butler (Mass.),
Bontweil (Mass.), Wilson (Ia ), Wi l
iams (Pa.) and Logan (111.). In the bal-
j 'nine tixn.' trie selection ot tr.auairers the
j veteran Btngham reoev..i the highest
vote, and he, with Poutweli, Wi son and
vYUiams, alone survive of the sven who
made the historic light against Andrew
Johnson. The Hon. John A. Bingham
i lives at his old home in eastern Ohio.
and. although seventy-seven years of age,
takes part in every Ohio campaign. Ju'lge
Biugham was a historic finrn in congress,
and iu addition to the part he played in
tne Johnson impeachmeut proceedings
i wjs special judge advocate in the triil of
tbn a-sssfiins of President Lincoln. From
1S3 to lss.) tie was minister to Japan.
It is an honorable place which Henry
Cabot Lodge, aged forty-two. has beeu
elected by Massachusetts to fill in the U.
S. eennte. Thia seat has been filled by
! seventeen men through a period of 104
I years, an average terra of almost exactly
j pix years, the constitutional term. But of
j the S9en een, three have he.d the seat, in
I all, sixty years, or consid rahlv more than
! half of the whole period. These three
have been Daniel WeLsier, Charges Sum
ner and Mr. Dawes. The succession has
aNo included Theodore Sedgwick, John
Ouincy Adme, Christopher tiove, Rufua
Choate and Robert Rantoul, a much more
notable series of names, remarks the Bob-
' ton A-hrrtUr. than that which has been
j -'-". " ... v
i ?"'iated with the other seat, though
i identified with it bave been John Davis,
j.,lwari L-;vert.tt. Henry Wilson and Mr.
Hoar. Mr. Lodge's natural ancestor.
(leorge Cabot, whs the second senator
from this state in the line now filled Dy
What a Saving of Ten Out a Day Will Do.
American enterprise has placed this
possibility before you the greatest edu
cational work that the brains of Great
Britain and America bave pro iuced
complete and perfect library, iu itself an
education the great Revised Encyclo
pedia Britannica. This you can make
your own for the outlay of that paltrv 10
cents a day which you did not know what
to do with. It is the most compact maga
zine of universal knowledge extant. It
contains everything worth knowing,
made as attractive and intertstingand clear
as ingenuity can make it.
As a home library for self education it
is the best school in the world and takes
up the least room. It is a friend to the
whole family as well as yourself and
never witholds its gifts at any time.
It is yours for 10 ceuts a day and you
w ill only have to save the 10 cents a day for
ninety days to secure this great library.
We do not afk you to pay us at once, for
we send the entire twenty volumes, with
charges prepaiJ, on receipt of only SI,
and you ran remii the 10 cents a day each
month for a period of niuetv days. We
send you a dime savings bank with each
set of books, wherein you can deposit the
i dime each day.
A Trille Too Good.
IX. Y. Weekly.
Friend'TJot that new patent pneu
matic sulky of yours done?"
Inventor "Ah complete now. There
is onlv one trouble."
"It keeps gel ing ahead of the horse."
The Lretith of n I.loii Tamer.
Mrs. D. "Just think, Mary, how ter-
'rible. The poor man was torn limb from
limb." Mary Lor' bless us, marm,and
men so scarce."
The golden remedy. Dr. Bali's Cough
Accident to the Big Four
Which Occurred Yester
day at Alton, Junction,
Followed by Consequences
SIX PERSONS NOW DEAD
And Nineteen Others Probably
Beside at Least Fifty More
Th Train Crashed Into Seven
Oil Tnk Cara
Which Were Standing In an Open
Switch Ibe Oil Caught Fire and as
the People Were Watching the Burn,
tilg Wreck, a Tank Kxploded, Scat
tering the Itnrntng Oil Over Them
and Knveloplnc the Spectators in a
Sea of Fire An Almost Indescriba
ble Panic Seized Those Uninjured
Engineer Ro Death The Cause of
the Disaster Scenes at St. Louie
Another Wreck on the Pennsylvania
"With Many Injured Those Who Per
ished in Other Wreck.
St. Loris, Jan. 21. A wreck, which in
in its consequences is one of the most ap
palling and disastrous that has occurred
in yeare.occurred at Wann Junction, or Al
ton Junction, lib, this morning. The C, C,
C. &H. L. "eouthwestern limited" passen
aer, consisting of an engine and tour
coaches.whichleft here this rnorningfor the
east, ran into a switch a half mile north of
Wann Junction and crashed into a train
consisting of seven tank cars standing
thereon. The result was a fire and after
ward an explosion which has already cost
six persons their lives, probably fatally in
jured nineteen others, seriously burned
fifty more, and caused a great property
loss to the company. The dead are:
WEBB ItOS, Mattoon, engineer of limited,
agel thirty-three yeari.
HIRAM COBXELIUS, Iowa, ajed twentj.
EDWARD MILLER, Alton Junction, aged
Two unidentified nien and one boy, came
All were burned to death.
The following were fatally burned:
William Shattvck, aged twelve, Alton.
JOHN Wilkikson, aged twelve, Alton.
John Fkf.p, forty-two years old, EdwardV
ville Crowing, IV.
W. Frank Sccilin, aged twenty-five, Alton.
John Loi ck, twenty-tix years old, Alton.
A. T. Fkazfr. twenty-two years old, St.
Lpwako Maitis, twenty-four years old,
Otto Hagerman, Alton.
Wiilif. McCarthy, Alton.
Dan IIarr;n Alton Junction.
Fbank Barton, Stamford, Ont.
Lor is McIn- oh. Alton Junction.
William McIstosh, Alton Junction.
Jons Monah an, Eait 5?t. Louis.
William Millbi, Alton Junction.
James Mullaki:, Alton Junction.
Ail the fatally injured were burned
about the bead and body. Others injured
William C. Harrison, Wann, twenty-three
Henby Pennington, Wann, aged twenty-
Loris Df.nbayb, Montreal, aged twenty
four. Henry Pilgrim, Alton, aged thirty.
JosF.ru Luttrelle, Alton, aged twentr-six.
William E. Rk hakdson, Alton, aged thirty-four.
D.wm Richardson, Alton, aged thirty
four. Hkrmom F.ske, Alton, ajred twenty-three.
Frank Bahtlett, Branford, Can., ared
Hameltixb Valentine, Philadelphia, aged
Charlks Hammond, Alton Junction, aged
s. a job:
A Barbfr to rslamr.
The Southwestern limited leaves St.
Louis at 8:05 a. m. and is due at Wann at
8:48. Wann is a flag station of the Chi
cago &. Alton and the Bis Four railways,
and is about four miles this side of Alton.
There are no side tracks there, but about
half a mile beyond, at a small village
known as Alton Junction', are several
switches. The tender of these switches,
Ii. E. Grattan by name, is also a barber,
The only Pure Cream of Tartar Powder. No Ammonia; No Alnm.
Used in Millions of Homes 40 Years the Standard.
and combines his tonsorial duties
with those cf attending to the
numerous switches at this point. Upon
him is laid the blame by the rai way
officials and trainmen for the accident
and its frightful after-conequence&, and
officers are now searching for Lim, as ha
fled daring the excitement following the
dual accident. The limited train, con
sisting of an eng're and tender, a com
bination baegage and bufTet car and three
coaches, reached Wann twelve minutes
late. It reached Alton Junction running
at the rate of forty miles an hour, the en
gineer being desirous of making up the
lost time as soon as possible. A switch
was turned so as to send the flying train
into one of the side tracks. On this track
only a few yards distant from the switch
were seven tank cars filled with refined
lubricating oil consigned from Beardsiown
to the Waters-Pierce oil company of this
Aa soon as be saw the danger Engineer
Ross called to the fireman, Dick White, to
jump for his life. He then reversed his
engine and applied the air brakes.
But he was too late, The engine crashed
entirely through two of the tank cars,
splitting them in half, and was then
forced on entirely over the others. The
oil from the wrecked tanks at once caught
fire and a sea of flame instantly surround
ed the engineer, who had jumped just as
the pilot of the engine struck the first
tank. Throwing his hands to his face the
brave man struggled to the embankment
at one side of the trark, but as
soon as he reached it he sank to the earth
a crisp and blackened corpse. The fireman,
who jumped from the cab the instant the
engine struck the ewitch, escaped with a
few slight bruises. The engineer's action
in reversing his engine and applying the
brakes slackened the speed of the train
sufficiently to prevent any serious injury
to the passengers, of whom there were
about sixty. Several were bruised by
being thrown violently against seats or
the sides of the coaches, but none were
A Corpse Cremated.
In the baggage department of the first
car were the mai's, eleven pieces cf bag
gace and a corpse, and these was all
burned in a few moments. The corpse
was that of a Mrs. Morrison, and was be
ing forwarded from the Southwest to Bos
ton, Mass. The flames spread to the
other coaches, and all were soon in ruins.
Three of the oil tanks, which were broken
oien by the engine crashing over them,
were also consumed in a brief space of
time, together with the engine and ten
der. The pa-eenaers and villagers crowded
around the burning wreck, anxious to as
sist, if possible, any unfortunates who
might be in need of help. Crowds from
Wann and Upper Alton also began to ar
rive as Boon as the news spread.
Th I ntal Kxploaion.
It was at this time (11 o'clock) when a
great crowd was watching the rapid de
struction of the railroad property that the
culmination of the horrible af?air occurred.
Two of the tank cars were left uninjured
by the engine. The heating of burning oil
all around them tenerated from their con
tents a gas, the pressure of which became
too great for the huee iron casks to witn
stand. Simultaneously and with a fearful
force they exploded, throwing pieces of
their iron sides far out into the adjacent
fields, and showering upon the assembled
crowd of eight seers a n.ass of flaming
liquid. For the first second a'ter the
noise of the explosion there was no sound
save the swish of the burning oil as it was
forced through the air. Then there arose
a confusion of agonizing appeals for help
and cries of terror to wnich no tongue nor
pen can do justice.
For eeveral minutes the panic was inde
scribable. Those touched by the burning
oil groped about M ildly, seeking in vain
for relief for their torture. Almost with
out exception the injured were burned
about the face and had their evesight
tempcrarily.if not permanently, destroyed.
Tho.se who were uninjured were eo terror
stricken as to be unable to assist their less
fortunate companions for some time.
Gradually the horror of the holocaust gave
way to a realization of the necessity for
quick relief lor the wounded. Hastily im
provised litters were formed of doors and
shutters from neighboring cottages. Will
ing han-ls tenderly carried the dead and
injured to Wann, where they were placed
in the depot until a relief train could be
brought to the ecene. Word was dis
patched to Alton by a fast courier (the
beat from the burning oil had melted all
the telegraph wires), and while a train
as beiug made up and eent for the
wounded preparations were made for their
reception at St. Joseph's hospital.
Before the hospital door another im
mense throng was gathered anxiois to
view the unrecognizable faces that passed
on litters through the en
trance way. Inside all was con
fusion and hurry. Dr. Haskell,
the physician in charge returned with the
train and hurried to and fro gathering
Continued on Seventh Tage.