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El heraldo de Brownsville. [volume] (Brownsville, Tex.) 1934-19??, February 12, 1935, Image 2

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FLORIDA WILL
RAISE TESTS
(Special to The Herald)
HARLINGEN, Feb. 12.—Florida:
u well as the Valley la expecting
to ralae it* maturity requirements
on grapefruit but in hi* opinion thla!
•action will have an even wider ad
vantage, said It. E. Pratt, in charge
of the green fruit law enforcement
in Texas .
Requirement* in the Texas law are
already more stringent than those
of Florida and the Texas law i& to
be strengthened more than Flor
ida’s. Florida intends to increase the
Juice content requirements without
Changing the sugar-acid ratio. It is
thought that Florida fruit would
have difficulty in meeting higher
sugar content requirements but that
H can call for more Juice.
Pratt returned this week from
Florida where he conferred with Dr.
J. J. Taylor, state chemist, and oth-1
era.
Florida's desire to strengthen
requirement* of its maturity law
sprang largely from a study of
northern markets where a swing
to Texa* grapefruit was noted. Flor
ida sent an expert into 12 states
and the District of Columbia where
he interviewed 98 dealers in citrus
fruits In 22 cities. The Idea was to
get an accurate picture of the con
sumer reaction toward early Florida
oranges and grapefruit. All types oi
dealers, wholesale and mall, were
interviewed.
Results of the interviews were
published in s state bulletin and
some of the dealer comment is signi
ficant A comparative reaction could
be obtained only in those markets
where both Florida and Texas fruit
was sold. Chicago was strong for
Texas fruit as indicated by the fol
lowing reports:
••Not handling Florida oranges yet
as those offered are not ripe. Han
dling both Texas and Florida grape
fruit but customers prefer Texas ao
far thla season as they complain
that the Florida grapefruit they have
had lack juice.”
Another Jinn: "Later on will han
dle Florida fruit almost entirely but
so Jar only Texas grapefruit and
California oranges, aa those offered
from Florida are not npe enough to
supply to their trade.” •
Still another: "Had only Texas
grapefruit aa they prefer them at
this time of the seaaon on account
of being sweeter and having less
seeds Have tried Cuban grapefruit
this year but they are not satisfac
tory.”
Sava a fourth Chicago firm. "Flor
ida ia fast losing out to Texas.”
Elkhart, Indiana firms sre strong
lor Valley fruit: “Had only Texas
grapefruit. Says their trade much
prefers them to Fiends grapefruit
that is offered.”
Pratt reported that Florida test
ing is still being done at the shed:
because the groves are so scattered
that orchard testa are out of the
question. As a result pressure is
brought to bear when a man has
hundreds of boxes of fruit on the,
shipping platform and maturity is
uncertain.
HAUPTMANN
(Continued from Page One)
support Hauptmann's guilt, if there
were many persons involved
"Let the defense bring In the
dead bodv of Violet Sharpe and lay
it beside him, let them bring in the
grave of Isador Plsch. and still he
would be guilty,'' he asserted.
He swung a gesture toward the
defense table, and leaned forward
confidentially to the attentive jur
ors.
"There is nobody st thst table
who doesn’t believe he Is guilty. I
don t care what they say," he said.
The attorney general spoke again
of Reilly’s reputed efforts to im
plant doubts in the minds of “one.;
only one Juror” so that mercy would
be recommended.
“He wants to raise a question
winch one of you cannot answer and
thereby engender a doubt.’*
'Switch Will Thaw Him'
He glanced toward the pale
Hauptmann and gestured “right
there he site, the man who can
answer all the questions.”
“He's cold Yes. he's cold But
he’ll be thawed out when he hears
that switch.” he sneered.
He turned next to the facts con
cerning the death of the child and
denied as the defense charged that
the state must prove the baby was
killed In East Am well (Hopewell)
township
Such was not the case, h* In
formed the Jury.
“Is he the fellow who went Into
that room and took that child?
That's all you have to decide.”
Wilents shouted.
The tense little attorney began
the discussion of the evidence.
The conception of such a crime, |
he said, was almost unbelievable
but it had occurred.
He reviewed the saga of Col.
Lindbergh, the flight to Paris, the
marriage into the Morrow family
and the birth of the child.
“The most venomous snake would
pass that child by. An American
gangster wouldn't take that child-'',
Wllentz declared.
“It had to be a fellow who had
Ice water in his veins. It had to be a
fellow who thought he was bigger
than Lindy. an ego maniac, a fellow
who was secretive "
“It had to be a fellow who liked
to sec his name screaming across
newspaper headlines "
Hauptmann sat motionless star
ing at Wilentz during the caustic
attack
“It had to be the type of man
who in Germany when he burglar
ised chose the burgomaster and the
leading citizens of his town.” he
said.
“There is something in the mental
makeup of the man that when he
did burglarize, he had to pick on
someone who was respected and
prominent “
‘Bruno Is Animal'
He paused momentarily and then
shouted: 1
“The police of New York and;
New Jersey and the federal police
have at last found this—this ani
mal."
He flung his-arm toward the de.
f aidant.
“This animal." he shouted. “Pub
lic Enemy No. 1 of this world. Bruno
Richard Hauptmann.
. “We've found him and hes here
for your judgment”
Hauptmann blinked and flushed.
-Chief counsel for the defense
Two of These Six to Win 1934 Top Honors of Screen
Two of the six screen notables shown ebov* will b« named outstanding film performers of 1934 one man
and one woman to receive the annual award of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, the
celluloid worlds "Pmltser Prize.” The si* on whom academy member* have .started balloting, results
to be announced at the annual banquet in Hollywood Feb are Top Norma Shearer and William Pow
ell: large picture. Claudette Colbert, below left 10 until. ClaiK Gable. Grace Moore, and Frank Morgan.
says our case la too perfect,” he
went on.
"How do they attack our case?
They attack the integrity of men of
reputation some sixty and seventy
years of age. sworn to do their
duty."
If “the state is not on the level."
Wllenta shouted, "the entire prose
cution staff. ‘Tony’ Hauck and
Judge Large, are tarred with "the
same stick.”
He was referring to the two Flem
mgton men on the prosecution staff
—County Prosecutor Anthony M
Hauck. Jr., and former Judge
George K. Large.
Wilentz asked Col.' Schwarzkopf
to stand.
The head of the state police
stood, while Wilentz asked if he
looked like a “crook”.
Schwarzkopf had pursued many
leads in the crime before he brought
the evidence in against Hauptmann.
Wilentz said.
Inspector Henry D. Bruckmann
of the Bronx police, stood up next
“An honorable man” said Wil
entz. ridiculing the suggestion of
Reilly Monday that Bruckmann had
planted the handwriting on the
closet panel of Hauptmann's home.
He was defending the police, who
Reilly had charged with “bungling”
and “framing” the caae against
Hauptmann.
Reading from the transcript of
the extradition proceedings and
Hauptmann’s examination In the
Bronx. Wilentz told the jury that
Hauptmann had acknowledged at
those times he wrote the Jafsie ad
dress and phone numbers on the
closet board
“Unfortunately men are permit
ted. with the protection of the
courts, under our system, to assas
sinate men of good character.” the
attorney general declared.
•More Crooks Among Lawyers'
'Why there are more crook*
among the lawyers than the police.
Inspector* Bruckmann is no crook "
William E. Frank, federal agent
who traced Hauntmann’s stock and
banking transactions, stood next
while Wilentz inquired if he did
not appear to be a man of honor.
The state police photographer.
Corporal George O Wilton, Wilentz
went on. was assailed by the de
fense with the implication that he
had put nail holes in the kidnap
ladder rail and taken pictures
"within the past 48 hours.”
The ladder, night after night.
Wilentz declared, had been locked
in the county clerk's safe and Wil
ton had no access to it.
Bitterly he charged the defense
thoughtfully overlooked the testi
mony of Harold 8 Betts, the U. S
forestry official, who found four
nail holes in the ladder when he
examined it in May, 1932, and re
ported on it in June. 1932
He referred scornfully to the de
fense slurs that the state witnesses
had ulterior motives in testifying,
whereas the defense witnesses were
prompted by Justice alone.
"Of course these defense wlt
nessc, were prompted by the defense
radio broadcasts,’’ he declared.
"The state of New Jersey could
not reduce itself to that level, ’ he
cried. "There have been no radio
broadcasts before the tnal. no
broadcasts during the tnal, and I
tell you there will be none after
the trial." i
He spoke or Arthur J. Koenler,
the state's wood expert, who Reilly
Mid wm looking for Advancement.
He must nave been looking for
advancement. He, who went up and
down the oountry tracing lumber,
tracing It finally to the Bronx."
Wilenta tumed to General John
F. O'Ryan former police commis
sioner of New York, who the de
fense charged had resigned "for a
reason."
“We had to bring Oeneral O’Ryan
liere after Hauptmann testified he
told him that he had more money
after ris arrest " Wllentz explained.
He spoke of Kalbart a Osborn, the
first state handwriting expert.
MA man 80 rears old.' he declared,
“and they want to drag him down
In the gutter beside Hauptmann.”
He cited the production of hand
writing experts for the state from
widely separated parte of the coun
try to examln* the ransom note
handwriting.
"From San Francisco, from Wash- i
(Continued on Page fight)
Overhead Lighting
A blade of light that routs the darkest gloom with a flood of cheer
lug brilliance, the Illuminated shaft of Rockefeller Center’s tower
ing office building has become the moat spectacular night scene In
New York. This view, looking toward Broadway and the distant
New Jersey Palisades, reveals how tremendous flood lights beam on
the building from sunken garden to topmost parapet
Truck Markets
Carlot shipments of entire United
States reported Monday, February
11:
Grapefruit: Aril 1, Fla 13, Texas
31. total US 45 care.
Oranges: Calif 53, Fla 73, Texas 1.
total US 127 cars.
Mixed Citrus: Oalif 1. Fla 20.
Texas 1. total US 22 cars.
Beans: Fla 68. total US 68 cars
Cuba 2 cars.
Beets: Calif 1. N. Y. 1. total US
2 cars.
Cabbage: Calif 7, Fla 2. NY 35
So Car 3. Texas 4, others 10, total
US 61 cars.
Carrots: Anz 2, Calif 19, NY 12.
Texas 1. total US 34 cars.
Greens: Calif 5, Fla 2, So Car 1
Va. 8. total US 16 cars.
Mixed Vegetables: Calif 50. Fla
13. NY 3. Texas 3. total US 69 cars.
Peas: Calif 21. Fla 9. total US 30
cars.
Peppers: Cuba 4, Mexico 4 cars.
Spinach: Calif 2. Texas 9, total US
11 cars.
Tomatoes: Cuba 37. Mexico 23
cars
Lower Rio Grande Valley ship
ments torwarded Tuesday morning,
February 12’
Grapefruit 31. Oranges 1. Mixed
Citrus 1, Cabbage 4. Mixed Vege
tables 1, Beets and Carrots 1. total
39 cars. Total to date this season—
Citrus 3249. Vegetables 3971, Mixed
Citrus and Vegetables 24. total 7244
to same date last season—Citrus
1488. Vegetables 3050. Mixed Citrus
and Vegetables 17, total 4555 cars.
Representative prices to truckers
paid for Valley Citrus and Vege
tables, February 11:
Grapefruit: Boxes US Combination
1.25-1.40. small sizes lower. Bushels
US Combination 65-75c; US No. 2s
50-60c. Sacks Box sue US Comb
mostly 1.00; US No. 2s 75-90c.
Oranges: Boxes US Comb 1.90-2.10.
Bushels US Coxbmatiou 90c-1.00,
lew higher; unclassified 75-85c.
Sacks Box size US Ccmb 165-1.75;
Unclassified 1.50-1.65.
Beets: Per doz bunches very few
25-35c according to Quality.
Broccoli: Per doz bunches 65-75c
Cabbage: Bulk per ton $35.00-42.50.
Carrots: Per doz bunches few
mostly 25c.
Green Onions: Per doc bunches
very few 25c.
Parsley: Bu crates bunched 1-1.10.
Greens: Per doz bunches turnip
and mustard around 30c.
Potatoes: Bliss Triumphs 50-lb
sacks US No Is 1-MO; 1 1-2 in min.
90c -100.
Spinach: Bu baskets fair to or
dinary 85c-$1.00, few best $1.10-1.15.
Trusty Flees While
On Courthouse Job
The escaped trusty from Browns
ville caught rectntly at Harlingen,
escaped while he was working on the
courthouse lawn, and not from the
Jail as previously stated. D. D Steele.
Cameron county Jailer, declared
Monday.
Steele said that the man was re
captured by Antonio Cavazos, de
puty jailer.
BONUS RIDER
(Continued From Page One)
called to meet late Tuesday to take
a final vote on the amendment of
Senato McCarran (D-Nev).
Since 1918. England has spent
$14,250,000 modernizing nine battle
ships.
FLORIDA ERROR
TOBEDODGED
(Special to The Herald)
HARLINGEN. Feb. 12.—Troubles i
encountered by Florida in the
shipment of citrus fruits damaged
by cold are expected to be avoided
in the Valiev as a mult of the trip
Just made by Hart T. Longino of
the Texas-federal Inspection ser
vice.
He conferred at Tallahassee with
R. R Pailthoro of Washington who
had been to Florida to straighten
out a tangle there resulting from
the seizure of Florida fruits in the
markets by Inspectors of the pure
foods and drues division of the
U. S. Dept, of Agriculture.
Longino said that it is hoped to
sidestep Florida's error by giving
condition of the fruit in certificates
of inspection as well as the usual
grade designations. Inspections will
be such that the certificates will be
acceptable to the pure foods and
drugs division, thus protecting Val
ley growers and shippers, Longino
said.
Florida Fruit Seixed
The first Florid* freeze wu Dec.
12 and there was no dryness no
ticed in grapefruit until after the
middle of Januarv. Some fruit
showing excessive dryness haDDened
to move to market where it was
seized at great loss to all con
cerned.
Valley inspectors are cutting fruit
steadily now and will continue to
cut it until late in the season.
There has been no dryness in grape
fruit yet but some has been show
ing up in oranges. Damage Is like
Iv to appear in oranges in the
form of dryness before it does in
grapefruit.
Longlno expressed the hopes that
most of the damage is confined to
the foliage and smaller woods but
it is possible that there will be
some to grapefruit.
If mote than a quarter of an
inch dryness at the stem end or its
equivalent is found, fruit cannot
grade U. S. No. 1. If there is more
than the equivalent of one.half
inch dryness at the stem end. fruit
would grade below D. S No. 2
When more than one-half inch i
dryness is found, inspectors must I
determine whether it exceeds 20 per
cent of the area in which case it
would be below the requirements of
the federal pure foods and drugs
act. If more than 13 per cent of
the fruit show's 20 per cent dryness,
it would be barred.
It is by reporting this condition
that the inspection services is hope
ful of forestalling trouble at the
receiving end Tim will protect
growers and shippers alike.
Spotted Freese Damage
Longlno and L. E. Pratt, in charge
of the Texas green fruit law en
forcement, made the trip together.
They stopped at Tallahassee to see
state official*, particularly Nathan
Mayo, state commissioner of agri
culture. who referred them to Dr.
J. J. Taylor, state chemist.
They continued to Orlando and
then crossed to the east coast and
through the Indian river section
which did not appear to have suf
fered much from cold, probably due
to its proximity to the sea.
In coming back, they passed
through the central part of the
state and the west including Lake
land. Winter Haven and Tampa in
their itinerary. Practically all fruit
seen was seriously damaged Two
thirds of the groves were defoliated
and all the fruit was on the ground.
Even in sections where little dam
age was apparent lo the trees, fruit
showed considerable damage. The
areas are spotted as to damage but
lots of fruit along the ridge section
showed less damage.
CONTROVERSY
(Continued From Page One)
filed after Onderdonk and Avery
had threatened to take action
against the retail automobile deal
er for alleged infractions of the
hour and wage provisions of the
code
Adjusters Removed
Soon after the petition was filed
Onderdonk and Averv were remov
ed from this section by superior of
ficers, and they have not operated
here since. No further threats of
suit have been made by NR A offi
cers aealnst the Valley concern, it
was pointed out in the opinion.
Onderdonk and Avery did no'
! ha e authority to institute anv kind
of proceedings against the Valiev
company, so their threats consti
i tuted no real trouble to the con
cern. the opinion read.
•'Plaintiff has shown no ground
i for injunction against Onderdonk
and Avery." the opinion stated
pointing out the fact that they had
no authority to institute suit. Thp
movement, if started bv Onderdonk
i and Avers*, clearlv has been aban
doned bv NR A officials. Iniunctions
the court held are to afford pre
ventive relief and are not to
right wrongs already committed.
The district attorney ha« never
threatened to Institute proceeding"
against the motor company, the court
j stated and further pointed out that
he would have no power due to the
fact that the concern does not deal
in interstate or foreign commerce
An injunction restraining the dis
trict attorney from instituting sui*
against the company would sene
no real purpose, the court held m
dismissing the case
*No Real Controversy*
The fact that no real controversy
was shown in trial of the case on
. its merits before Judge Kennerl
here a month ago was the chief
reason for the dismissal. The
opinion expressly gives the Valley
concern the right to again seek re.
lief in event its business is further
molested by NRA officers.
The opinion wa* received here
Tuesday by counsel for the plaintiff.
Judge Kennerly had the case un
der advisement in Houston for
about a month before writing hu.
opinion.
In the trial here, both plaintiff
and defendant contended that the
district attorney was without au
thority to institute proceedings
against a concern ehgaged in pure
ly Intrastate business.
The district attorney followed this
j line of argument in seeking a dis
missal. while plaintiff made this
j contention in an effort to show the
NRA to be unconstitutional
At Reins of Jap. War Machine
Jiro Minmmi
Senjuro Haywhi
Foreign observers a*ree that majority of Japanese peopl«^want P«M*but
that a military clique comparable to that m pre-war Germany is dominant
nJ.panw lastful for conquest and Asie-wlde power, and that even
the emperor can't restrain them. Here ere latest photo, of two leaders
in Jananesc militarism. Gen. Jiro Minanu, commander in Manrhukuo
IS lanidom. and Gen. Senjuro Hayaehi. minister of war.
TEXA'
mui
a
l(( Stahm
February 12, 1835. — Mules, the
most useful of farm work animals,
were often found among the wild
horses of Texas prairies. While they
were,—as a Southern Senator years
later declared.—"without pride of
ancestry or hope of posterity,” they
were considered in the light of a
treasure when found among the
prairie rebels captured and corralled
by men who hunted wild horses for
the market. They meant money in
the hunters* pockets, and it was not
always necessary to herd them as far
as Louisiana or Mississippi to find
buyers, as was most frequently the
case with the horses taken from the
plains.
The crude, instinctive kind of
knowledge which has long been call
ed “horse sense" is literally true of
horses which have been the almost
constant companions of their owners
and riders, as they aften were in the
days of which we write. Horseback
riding was then the most rapid as
well as the most dependable, of the
ways of traveling, and the day and
w»U» ~nrir
MHfl
truer
XUX
tioufcBEST
ScdeMtmn
PHONE
8
SALESMAN may be short or tall, fat
or lean, but the boss measures his
value by just two things: (1) the results
he gets; (2) how much it costs to hire
Herald Want Ads get results because ';he
people who turn to them are already in
the market for what they have to sell.
Want Ads meet with no “sales resistance.”
They waste no time ringing hostile door
Herald Want Ads get results cheaper, too.
The Herald’s average circulation is over
8,000. The cost of a 20-word Want Ad is
forty cents. No other salesman we know
of will call on as many prospects as
cheaply.
him
bells.
Whatever you sell, Herald Want Ads will
sell more of it. Use them often.
■ 9
Elf BnramstrtDe HeralO
UJtvnt QdZt
night intimacy of a man and his
horse resulted in understanding and
genuine affection between the two.
When plainsmen camped, their
horses were hobbled and permitted
to graze freely. Many times their
keen sense of small and acquired
habit of ignoring the undisturbed
and observing the unusual enabled
them to detect the approach of In
diana. They would then break for
camp as fast as their hobbels per
mitted them to run and nudge their
sleeping owners, whinnying in an
evident effort to tell them that dan
ger was near.
Mrs. Taylor Makes
Reports To Board
AUSTIN. Feb. 11. fA*>—Sixty mem
bers of the executive board of the
Texas Federation of Women’s clubs
met here Monday to choose the an
nual convention city and hear re
ports.
Mrs. Volney Taylor of Brownsville,
president, reported on the conven
tion for-the cause and cure of war
m Washington to which she was a
delegate. Mrs. J. W. Fincher of Hous
ton reported on a general board
meeting.
Dallas. Beaumont and Austin
sought the next convention.
GOP MAY MOVE
OFFICE HERE
DALLAS, Feb. 11. <JV- The
executive committee of the republi
can party Monday considered a pro
posal to move state headquarter^
to Brownsville. Headquarters hafQfe.
been In Dallas the last 14 years. m T
The proposal was made by R. B.
Creager... national committeeman,
who pointed out that the Dallas
headquarters, without funds and
slightly in debt, could no longer be
maintained on anything like Its old
scale.
Creager voiced the opinion that
the republicans would have a chance
for a come-back In 1936.
If moved to Brownsville the state
headquarters would be in charge of
Carlos Watson. Brownsville attor
ney, who would serve without pay.
E. C. Toothman. state director of
organization, would not go to
Brownsville.
Boy Scout* Continue
In Anniversary Week
Short talks and practical dem
onstrations will be given before
Brownsville civic clubs this week
Boy Scouts as a part of their na- "
tional anniversary program, it has
been announced.
Representatives of the fou?
Brownsville troops, which have a
membership of more than 100 boys,
will appear at the luncheons and ex
plain the benefits and scope of ths
Scout work being done here.
The Brownsville boys did their
“good turn" Saturday when many
of them turned out for a days work
in aiding mosquito eradication here.
The boys visited many homes in the
residential sections, destroying all
mosquito breeding places they found.
Scout leaders wish to express their
thanks to Brownsville citizens for
coooerating in this campaign.
The Brownsville boys gathered
around a radio specially erected by
the Miller Radio company Friday
night to hear an address by Presi
dent Roosevelt on Scouting. . ^
Texas Solons Asked
To Swear To Incomes
AUSTIN. Feb. 11. (P—The Texas
house Monday wrote an anti-climax
in its fight with the senate over
publication of retainers and em
ployment of legislators.
It adopted e resolution by Repre
sentative Traylor Russell of Mounk
Pleasant authorizing Speaker Coka
Stevenson to apoolnt a committee
to prenare a questionnaire to be an
swered under oeth by all members
setting out their corporate connec
tions. if any and. their income.
Officers To Meet
<Bv The AwoclfcUd !*rw»> i
RAYMONDVILLE. Feb. 11,-A
regular meeting of the Rio Grande
Valiev Peace Officers’ association t»
to be held hen Wednesday night
The program will include a “barbe
cue feed” for the visiting officers and
a demonstration from KGHT.
Brownsville police rad la
City Briefs
Cast nets, minnor seine, rods, ceela
and fishing poles. Brownsville Hard
ware.— Adv.

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